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Cheraw gazette and Pee Dee farmer. [volume] (Cheraw S.C.) 1838-1839, July 05, 1839, Image 2

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keep them properly. Get your pastures all
wei! set in grass; and so divided that you can
have a constant succession of pasturage. Make
all arrangements for an abundant supply of
winter food, not forgetting to prepare suitable
shelter for their comfort and their protection
against the storms. And then get your determination
well fortitied to give them unremitting
attention at all seasons. Don't buy
cattle and promise yourselves to get ready afterwards
; it won't do. There's no joking
with the belly, and as little with the belly of a
cow as aBy other animal Durham if cattle kept
no better th3n the native stock, are little superior
to the latter, except as propagators^ofa
progeny, which with good keep, may be made
perfect at will. In hardihood, wo believe them
inferior to the common stock; they cannot,
like the latter, "work for nothing and find
themselves," nor give milk anl make fle6h
without food. But only give both breeds high
keep and full feed, and the difference in the
Durhams is amazing. In comparison, the
scrubs look like the lean kine of Egypt. We
have many young acquaintances to whom we
particularly address these suggestions ; ana
they will promote their solid interests by appreciating
them. And there are a number of
youug friends in Kentucky, Tennessee, Indiana,
Illinois, and Missouri, to whom we can
impart some new and valuable information in
relatio* to the pedigrees of Durham cattle?
a subject of great concern just now, and properly
so. Vvc communicate the information
through the Franklin Farmer, to 6ave the labor
of answering separately their inquiries,
and for the further purpose of enlightening
many more who would otherwise very probably
seek it by private correspondence. So we
save labor and postage. It is this.- In stating
at due length the genealogy or descent of a
high bred cattle, it is clearly understood that,
however unexceptionable the pedigree, and
however pure the blood of male and female
ancestry, tne corn cross is a necessary and
indispensable requisite to the perfection of the
particular individuals named in the record.
And if the pedigree of an animal shows him
well descended from pure ancestry, the addition
o that cross will make him a perfect specimen
of a well bred race. Every animal to
whose pedigree this cross cannot be added,
should be rejected as a vile scrub.
AGRICULTURAL PERIODICALS IN THE UNITED
STATES.
From the Genessee Farmer.
Twenty years since there was but a single
periodical in this country devoted to the
great interests of agriculture ; and though
much talent and ability was displayed by
the conductor, it barely existed through
some two or three of ifs first years.?
This paper was the American Far
mtr, published by J. S. Skinner, Esq. at
Baltimore. In a country where ten-twelfths
of the inhabitants were farmers,?a country
that supported some five or six hundred
political pflpers,?the propriety of a single
agricultural journal, was by many considered
problematical. The experiment succeed
ed, howover, and the ultility of the paper
was so obvious, and its benefit to the com.
munity so great, that it was soon placed on
a firm basis. After issuing some seven,
teen or eighteen years it wts discontinued,
or rather issued under a new name. After
the American Farmer was established firm,
ly, the Plough Boy was commenced at
Aibany, by S. Southwick, Esq,, and was
the means of diffusing much valuable infor.
mation, and exciting inquiry and emulation
among farmers. From some cause the
Plough Boy did not receive the encouragement
such a work required, and after a
publication for a few years was finally discontinued.
Another Journal, well conducted
and rendering the cause of agriculture much
service, was established in 1828, at New
York, by S. Fleet, Esq., which was discontinued
by the publisher in the gieat fire
at New York in 1832. This journal was
the New York Farmer. We have mentioned
these pioneer journals, not only
because they were the first, or among the
first in time in this country, but b cause
they did much towards convincing agriculturists
that the system of cultivating the
soil in this country was miserably deficient,
that great improvements might be made in
the preparation of implements, in the man.
agement of manures, and in the general
order of a farm; and none were so perfect
in the business as not to be capable of being
instruc.'ed. They conviuced many that
agriculture was of itself one of the noblest
o?sciences, that knowledge was essential
to its successful pursuits, and that no man
was born a farmer any more than a lawyer,
physician, or divine.
In giving a catalogue of existing agricul.
tural periodicals in this country, we shall, so
tar as we are able, notice them according
to the time they have been published, merely
stating ttiat the number we have before
us, admonishes us that we must be brief in
our estimate of their charucter and merit,
where time has admitted of development in
these respects.
The New England Farmer is the oldest
of our existing agricultural publications. It
has reached its seventeenth volume; and
bids fair we think to run a long career ot
usefulness. Mr. Fessenden was its former
able conductor; on his death it came un*
der the supervision of the talented Commissionerof
Agriculture for Massachusetts,
the Rev. Henry Colman, and the great ad
vantage he enjoys in virtue of his office,
are made subservient to ihe general diffusion
of sound agricultural knowledge through
the Farmer, ns well us his annua! reports.
The N. E. Farmer is published in the
quarto form, weekly, at $2 50 per annum.
The Southern Agriculturist is the next
on our list, the first number of the twelfth
volume being now before us. It is published
at Charleson, S. C. editor B. R. Carroll,
in monthly numbers of about fifty pages, at
$5 00 per annum. It is well conducted,
but principally devoted to the culture of
southern productions, as cotton, rice, sugar,
&c., and affords many interesting examples
of the amount and profits of slave
labor, compared with that of the free cultivator
of the soil.
Our own paper, the Genessee Farmer, is
next. The Weekly Farmer has reached
the ninth volume, and the monthly farmer
the fourth. Both are in the quarto form,
the first containing eight and the last sixteen
pages each number. Weekly $2 00,1
Monthly 50 cents per annum. Of its j
character and merits we shall be excused
from speaking, any further than to say, that il
if is intended for circulation through our it
wlio!e country; that we design it shall at fi
least equal, in practical utility, any similar u
publication in tiie United States; and that o
a most rapidly increasing circulation con- J;
vinces us that our exertions are not unappreciated
by our farming brethren. c
The Farmers' Register, published at Pe. 11!
i tersburg, Va., is a monthly periodical of 04 a
pages at $5 00 per annum ; edi or, Ed- r
mund Ruffin. The Register stands de- t
servedly in the front rank of American r
agricultural papers. The industry of the I
edi or, his sound practical views, his ac|
quaintance with the principles that govern r
j vegetation, as developed in his valuable [
| Essay on Lime as a manure, and his free- a
i dom of all cant and humbug, have uni:cd s
\ to give the Register a deservedly high charj
actor, which we trust it will long sustain.? r
Such periodicals, while they contribute to t
knowledge, elevate the profession of the
farmer, and do much towards placing him (
in the commanding position to which the (
paramount utility of his avocation entitles
him. The Register has reached its seventh 1
volume. <
The Maine Farmer is a valuable journal, t
published at Winthrop in Maine, by Mr. j
Holmes, weekly, quarto, at 82 00 per an- i
num. It has entered upon its seventh vol- i
ume. In one respect the Maine Farmer l
differs from any agricultural paper with i
which we are acquained. It has a legal j
department, devoted to the discussion of <
such questions as are apt to arise among t
farmers, and which may be exceeding use- (
ful in preventing expensive lawsuits among \
neighbors. <
The Farmer and Gardener of Baltimore
editit< d by IS. P. Kob?rts, is tno wortny s
successor of the American Farmer, which 1
we have mentioned as the earliest agricuL
tural periodical in (tie United States. It is f
weekly, quaito, and furnished at $2 50 per (
annum. No paper in the country has done
more for the silk cause than the Farmer, s
and few understand the matter in all i:s 1
bearings than the able editor of that Jour? i
nal. The Farmer has also taken a lively
interest in the production of improved cattle <
and sheep, and in this way has rendered j
essential aid to the cause of agriculture * ?
The Yankee Farmer, Portland, Muine, j
weekly, quarto, S VV. Cole, editor, now in
its fifth volume, $2 a year. ,
The Ohio Farmer, S. Medary, editor, is .
the name of a quaro, semi-monthly journal, 1
published at Columbus, Ohio, Si 00 per (
annum. It has, like the preceedtng, reach- ,
ed its fifth volume. This journal has given
many valuable original papers on subjects
connected with farming and horticulture, 1
and has evidently exerted a most favorable
influence on the agriculture of the vicinity. The
Magazine of Horticulture and Bo. '
tarty, is a Boston monthly publication, cdi- '
ted by C. M. Hovcy, of which the object is 1
sufficiently indicated by the tide. It is {
eminently useful to the florist and gardener, 1
and contuins engravings occasionally of rare '
and curious plants. The terms are S-3 00
per annum ; forty pages in a number.
The Albany Cultivatort conducted by J
Jesse Buel, h ?s just entered upon its fifth 1
year, under flattering auspices. It is pub- 1
hshed monthly, 10 pages quarto, at 81 00 ?
per annum. The well known talent and t
indjstry of the editor, and his rare combi- <
nation of scientific and practical knowledge i
in matters relating to agriculture, have given ?
the Cultivator a high character and standing i
among agr cultural periodicals. Its circu- ?
lation is extensive. ?
The Franklin Farmer, published at
Frankfort, Ky., by F. D. Pe.it, weekly, |
quarto, at $2 00 per annum, is one of the <
mo3t spirited und ably conducted journals \
west of the Allegany mountains. In every |
thing relating to the improvement of cattle .
and swine, it is without a rivul, and on the <
general topics of agriculturo it has done j
much to introduce a more scientic and ra? j
tional system into that State. It is now in ?
its second volume.
The Farmers' Cabinet, is published j
monthly at Philadelphia, by , i:i .
numbers of 32 pages octavo, at $1 00 per ,
annum. It is an excellent work, has an ,
able corps of contribuiors, and a good cir- <
culation. A part of Pennsylvania furnish- j
es some of the best specimens of farming in 1
the United States; and the diffusion of such ,
works as the Cabinet among an industrious ,
population will have a tendency to greatly j
increase the number of such examples.
The Indiana Farmer, is published week j
ly at Indianapolis, at $2 50 per annum, j
quarto, by Osoorn & Willets ; and though
not exclusively devoted ,o agriculture, h.is
exerted a favorable influence on the farming
community of that flourishing State. I \
The Tennessee Farmer, Jonesboro', 16 '
pages octavo, monthly, at $1 00 per an \
| iium, J. t . JJeadericK, editor, i nis is me ,
first agricultural paper issued in Tennessee, 1
and is now in its third volume.
The Rural Repository is a monthly re. ,
print of agricultural works of standard me. j
rit, ("entire, compiled, abridged and origi. nal.")
It is published at New-York, 40 ,
large octavo pages monthly, by S. Fleet, ,
former editor of the New-York Farmer.? .
The talents of the editor, and the ample
field before him for selection, gives the pro- .
mise of an excellent work ; and the num.
bers already before the public, (the second ,
volume is entered upon) show that any ,
reasonable expectations will not be dis- ,
appointed. (
( The Silk Culturist, the first and a very i j
valuable publication on that subject,?teas 1
published at Hartford, (Conn.) for three <
years?and we believe it is still continued at I
Weathersfield, though we have not seen i: 1
for the last year. 1
The Practical Farmer, Mechatiicsburg, i
(Pa.,) a monthly quarto of eight pages, at '*
$1 a year. 1
i
* Mr. Skinner has again taken the editorial '
department of this paper as our readers have been |
informed and restored tin original name, the (
American Farmer, and we are much pleased to ,
learn that the subscription list is rapidly increas.
iug. Fp. Ch. Gazette. <
American Turf Register and Sporting
Magazine ?This Magazine has entered on
s tenth volume, and has been transferred
rom Baltimore 10 New.York, and is now
nder the supervision of T. 0. Porter. Esq.
f the 44 Spirit of the Times monthly ocivo
$5 a year.
None of the following publications have
ompleted their first volume, and many of
hem have but just appeared. To express
i definite opinion respecting such, would in
nosl cases boo premature act; but some of
hem come forward under such auspices as
o lead to high expectationsfroin their oircuation
among the agricultural community.
The Micma, Farmer, quarto, semi,
nonthly, #2 00 per annum, David Clayton,
>ublisher. A respeetacle paper we think,
ind devoted to agriculture and the kindred
iciences." Vol. 1. No. 7.
Western Farmer, Franklin, (Tenn.)
nonthly, quarto, (4 pages) F. Moore, edi?
or. Si per uunum. Vol. 1. No. 7.
The Cumberland Farmer, Gallatin,
Tenn.,) monthly at Si a year. Vol. 1, No.
>. J. A. Browning & Co., publishers.
Farmers' Monthly Visiter, Concord,
Vew.Hampshire, Hon. Is^ac Hill, editor,
juarto, 16 pages, well got up, and published
it 75 cents per annum. This monthly pa>er
we are led to believe is destined to take
i high rank among agricultural periodical ^
ind we think it speaks well for the cause et
he farmer, when men who have attained to
some of the highest oltices ?n tne gui ui mo
leople, ore willing to devote their talents
ind the information they must havo acquired,
o the diffusion of agrirul ural knowledge.
jov, Hill's Monthly V s'ter, we predict,
vill be a welcome guest with thousands of
>ur farmers.
Wisconsin Culturist, Milwaukee, Wisconlin
Territory, semi-m ntnly, $1 per annum.
IV. P. Proudfif, editor.
The National Si/k Worm, quarto, (4
lages) Philadelphia, price ?1. Thomas C.
Jlark, ediior.
Cheshire Farmer, Kerne, New-Hamp.hire,
quarto, monthly, 50 cents annually,
3. Cooke, editor. A good little paper and
vorthy of patronage.
Michigan, Agriculturist, Detroit, H. H.
Snelling, editor, quarto, weekly, pr'ce $2 00
)er annum. It is a valuable paper, and
ihould receive an ample support from the
armers of that young but flourishing State.
The Maine Cultivator. 4 pages quarto,
flnllowell, W. A. Drew,.*ditor, SI a year. It
s edited with much ability, and the only
Jrawback with which we hail its appearince,
arises from the circumstance that
Maine already possesses two excellent agricultural
papers, and we fear that there is
lot room for a third.
The Farmers' Advocate, Jamestown,
North-Carohna, 8vo. 16 pages, semi-month,
y, $1 25 per annum. John Sherwood, edL
or. Mr. Sherwood deserves credit for getling
up an agricultural paper in that section
Df the Uni'ed States, and the informa[ion
his work diffuses will not be without its
effect oil the agriculture of the State.
Boston Cultivator, Boston ; vol. 1. No.
15 ; weekly, folio, $2 00 per annum, Wm^
1 - ?*? -J!.? 'Pi.!. h,a rlniikt nnl
LJliCKminSXT, euuur. x ins, uuuui iiui
will be a valuable paper, though we are una.
)le to perceive the particular necessity for
mother agricultural paper in that city, where
he ..round has been so 'ong and ably oc.
rupied by the Ncw.Kngiand Farmer. The
lumbers already issued evince agricultural
skill, and a proper spirit of enterprise. There
s a little leaninrr, however.
?nt, which should, we think, be eschewed
is out of place in such a journal.
The American Si/k Grower, octavo, (16
japes) Burlington, N J., Cheney & Broth.
.ts, editors, monthly, $]. This is one ol
he best publications devoted to the silk cub
:ure in the United States ; embracing a
jreat variety of practical articles, the result
:>f experience in this country. It is got up
ilso in very good style, and must be useful
o all who are entering upon the culture of
silk.
Journat of the American Silk Society.
Baltimore, mon'hly, 40 pages octavo, $2
jer annum, J. S. Skinner, editor. This is a
work of authority, published under the directionjand
patronage of the American Silk
Society, and well edited, if the three numbers
isssued may serve as a specimen.
There can be no doubt that the silk culture
must succeed in this country, but whether
societies will advance it more effectually
ban individual enterprise, remains to be
seen. Such publications cannot, however
ae otherwise than userul, as directing labor
nto proper channels, and thus preventing
nktnkr*s and dissaDDointment in the outset.
We have thus brieffly noticed our agri.
MilturnI periodicals, and if we have omitted
my, will endeavor to give them a place anDther
time. The list amounts to thirty-two,
and nearly one half of the whole are still
in their first year. There are probably
1,500,000 families in the United States that
are devoted to agriculture, and that each of
ihese should take a paper designed to sup.
port their interests cannot well be denied.
There would seem then to be room for as
many or even more papers, such as we have
noticed, than arc now issued, but that even
ill these can succeed, is to say the least
nroblematieal. It mny be doubted whether
all the above papers circula:o more than
100,000 copies, and of these three-fourths of
he whole are issued bv some five or six of
he journals. A paper devoted to agriculure,
to the arts or sciences, or even to literature,
occupies very different ground from
a political journal; and it by no means fol.
lows that, because every county supports
nne or two of the latter, that the same will
be done by the former. To render the first
what they should be requires the combined
labors and observations of a large circle of
individuals ; men of scientific resources,
and men of practical skill ; acquainted with
the modes of agricultural or mechanical
manipulation, as well as the theories on
which their business is based, and their labors
and efforts directed to produce a com.
mon result. To multiply journals of any
kind beyond the means of adequate remuneration,
is to lessen the incentives to emula.
tion and excellence ; an 1 we cannot but i
think that if in some of newly established
journals, the material furnished them, had
been poured into some of the already exis_
ting channels of communication with the
farming community, it would havp been
well for both. While wecordia ly welcome
every new laborer to the agricultural field,
we feel bound to state that in order to make
an agricultural journal useful, difficul ies
and labors of which the uninitiated are incompetent
to judge, will in all probability
be encountered, before the success, which
we trust is in store for them, will be effectually
secured.
"THE CROSS TIMBER," IN TEXAS.
Fr?m the Red Lander, San Augustine ot
I March 30.
The Cross Timber is a coniinuous series
of forests extending from the woody region
at the sources of the Trinity, in a direct
line north across the interminable prairies
of northern Texas, and the Ozark territory
to the southern bank of the Arkans?s
river. This belt of timber varies in width
from 5 to 50 miles. Between the Trinity
and Red river is generally from five to
nine miles wide, and is so remarkably
straight and regular that it appears to be a
work of art. ; When viewed from the ad
joining prairies on the east or west, it
appears in the distance like an immense
wall of woods, stretching from south to
north in a straight line, the extremities |
of which are lost in the horizon. There
appears to be no pecul arity in the surface
of the ground over which the Cross Timber
passes, to distinguish it from the suiface
of the adjoining country ; but where the
country is level tho region traversed by ihe
Cross Timber is level; where it is undulating,
and where it is hilly, that also is
uneven, conforming in every respect to the
general fea'urcs of the adjoining country.
The trees composing these forests are not
distinguishable by any peculiarity from
thoso which are occasionally found in the
adjoining prairies, or in the bottoms b >rdering
the streams which inters"Ct the
Cross Timber. Oak, hickory, elm, white
oak, post oak, holly, and other trees are
found in it. The elm is often found in it
growing luxuriantly fur from any stream
and in apparently poor and sandy soil.?
The blackjack, a species of oak, is found
throughout its whole extent from the Arkansas
to the "Black Jack Ridge," at the
sources of the Trinity.
The Cross Timber in its general direc
tion does not perceptible vary from the true
meridian. Dr. Irion informed us that, a
few years since, he accompanied a party j
of surveyors, who measured a line exten*
ding forty miles due south, from the bank
of Red river, near the Cross Timber; and
found to their surprise, that the western
border of the Cross Timber continued
parallel with this line through the whole
distance.
As might naturally be supposed, the
Cross Timber forms the great landmark of
the western prairies; and the Indians and
hunt?r?, whep describing their route across
i the country, in their various expeditions,
refer to the Cross Timber, as the naviga_
tors of Europe refer to the meridian of
Greenwich. If they wish 10 furnish a
sketch of the route taken in any expedition,
they first draw a line representing the
Cross Timber, and another representing
the route taken, intersecting the former.?
Thus a simple but correct map of the
uf vwunirjr traversed in the expedition
is at once presented to view.
The remarkable uniformi y which char,
acterizcs the Cross Timber, and its apparently
artificial arrangement, under a
particular meridian, has induced some
persons to believe that it is a work of art,
and owes its origin to the unknown race of
men who have erected the mounds and
ancient fortifications of the Mississippi valley.
We can harlly imagine, however,
for what useful purpose it could have been
intended, unless as a land.mark to distinguish
the boundary between two nauons.
But whether it is the work of art or of
nature, will probably never be determined.
The lines of civilization are rapidly extending
towards it, and soon the scrutiny of
science will be forever checked by the de.
stroying axe of the pioneer.
JOURNEYMEN PRINTERS.
There is said to be a scarcity generally j
of Journeymen Printers, which is to be ascribed
to the increase of book and newspaper
priming, corresponding with the increase of
population, and also to the fact that fewer
apprentices are taken in this business.1
Within the last seven years there has been
an oyident improvement in the character
' ? r? ? l
and nanus 01 journeymen miners. Although
the busiuess is by no means laborious
or painful, and the press work exceedingly
light of late, yet so it was that some years
ago Journeymen printers, with exceptions of
course, were ranked as an intemperate body
of men, and of very unsteady characters.
This may have been the cause why few
boys of education and family were apprenticcd
to the business. It is a pleasure now
to witness the improvement in th^ charac.
ter and deportment of Journeymen Printers
?they are behind no class of mechanics in
reputation and business habits, and that fact
should encourage parents of respectability
to apprentice their sons to the business?
provided they are disposed to learn some
mechanical trade. Ofthe high character of
the printing business, the rank it takes, and
always will take, the great men who have
followed it, and the great consequences re.
suiting from it not a word is required to be
said?it is the great moral lever which con.
trols the civilized world.?N. Y. ktar.
Opinion of an Editor's Veracity.
From the Cadiz (Ohio) Organ.
We do not know when our pride of per.
sonal character was so much hurt as last
week, when we were asked by a subscriber,
after our paper had been issued, to give
him, privately, a true statement ofthe result
of the Virginia elections. This request he
j made, so he said, that he might learn the
result of the elections ; M for I see you and
tne Sentinel moke statements as wide apart ex
as the east is from the west, and I know it Vi
i3 the custom of editors to hold out false lights an
to the People. ca
CHKKAW GAZETTE"! ?
FRIDAY EVENING. JULY 5, 1839. ?
" Bili Dixon" shall appear next week. 83
er
The National Anniversary was celebrated dt
yesterday in our town with the usual festivities.
The assemblage to hear the oration was large a{
and respectable. The Declaration of Inde- ej
pendence was well read by Mr. L. B. Prince, fil
and the orator of the day, Mr. A. L. Benton,
did himseif great credit. We were pleased tl
in passing tho streets late in the afternoon, not a
to 6ee a single indivi lual exhibiting the slight- X
est evidence of intoxication. ^
?
We see from arrangements published for
the celebration of the Fourth of July in Fay- c
ettevilie, the reading of the Mecklenburg De- j,
claration of Independence was to precede that ?
of the National Declaration.
Well managed banks seem to be declaring J
large dividends every where. The derange- lc
meni of the currency has enabled them to sell {(
checks and draughts at high prices. d
National Magazine and Republican ^
Review.?We have copied the Prospectus of 0
this periodical not that we have any thought (]
of embarking on the sea of party politics; but a
because the work is sent to us in exchange, t
and for the information of those among our b
readers who approve its politics. a
Tho Democratic Review is an antagonist c
publication issued also in Washingion, and 1
rendering a zealous support to the Adminis.
tration. We have never seen a number of w
it, but the editors of its party commend it.
Pee Dee Agricultural Society.
At an adjourned meeting of the Pee Dee
Agricultural Society, held at Stinemetz's Hotel
on Saturday the 22nd June, the following busi.
ncss was transacted, to wit: After the reading
of the minutes of the last meeting ihe following
gentlemen were elected members of
this society, viz.
Gen. John McQueen, of Marlboro' District.
Joshua David, Esq., do- do. Joel Emanuel Esq.
do do. Capt.-ohn Terrel, do. do. Asbury
Pegues, do. do.
Col. Hugh Craig, of Chesterfield District.
Thomas P. Lide, Esq., of Darlington District.
John Taylor Esq., Chesterfield District.?
W. H. Robbing E^q., do. do. Col. J. \V.
Covington, of Richmond County, N. C.
On motion of Maj. W. T. Ellerbe,
Resolved, That the President appoint a committee
of seven members to nominate delegates
to the proposed Convention to be held at Columbia
during the Session of the Legislature.
Th following persons were appointed on the <
committee to nominate delegates, A. Sparks, \
O. H. Kullock, J. W. Covington, Dr. MacLean,
D. 9. Harllop, <?/. Joshua David.
The committee recommended the following
persons aB delegates, to wit: Col. John N.
Williams, Hon. J. J. Evans, Dr. T. E. Powe,
A. Sparks Esq. Maj. W. T. Ellerbe, Col. K.
C. Dubose, Gen. John McQueen, Gen. Jas.
Gillespie, Col- J. W. Covirgton, and James
Wright Esq.
The Society confirmed the nominations.
On motion of Dr. Thos. E. Powe, (
Resolved, That those Districts having no
Agricultural Society be solicited to co-operate
with the Agricultural Societies throughout
the State in sending delegates to the Agricul. J
tural Convention proposed to be held in Columbia
during the first week of the next sitting of
the Legislature.
On innfinn nf Gnn. John MrOnppn.
ResolvedThat this Society recommend to
other Agricultural Societies throughout the
State, Wednesday of the first week of the next
Legislature as a suitable time for the meeting j
of the Agricultural Convention at Columbia.
On motion of James VV right, Esq.
Resolved* That eight me mbers be appointed
from Marlborough District, four jrom Darlington
District, and eight from Che sterfield district
to ascertain as near as possible the number of '
acres planted in corn and cotton in the respective
districts in the year *88 and '39; and
report also the amount of money paid in '38 for |
Western Pork and Bacon and Stock of every ,
kind; and also the average product per acre of ,
corn and cotton for 1838; also the number of .
negro slaves. i
The following gentlemen were appointed for i
Marlborough; Gen. John McQueen, Joel i
Emanuel, O H. Kollock, W. T. Ellerbe, 1
John F. Pegues, Joshua David, Saml. Sparks,
and Col. John Campbell.
For Chesterfield District, A. P. Lacoste,
Jas. Wright, Dr. MacLcan, B. F. Pegues,
K. C. DuBose, Dr. Thos. E. Powe, Col. Hugh
Craig, L>. S. Harllee.
For Darlington District, J. N. William*
Alex. Sparks, T. P. Lide and J. J. Evans.
On motion of Gem McQueen,
Resolved, Thatif the Editor of the CherawGa.
zette and Pee Dee Farmer will publish a Prospectus
proposing to appropriate nine columns
of his paper weekly to agricultural matter,
and furnish each member of this Society
with a copy of the Prospectus, it will be their,
duty to use their best exertions to obtsin subscribers
to the same and report at the next
meeting of the Society 1
On motion of Maj. Ellerbe,
Resolved, That the Editor of the Southern j
Agriculturist be requested to publish the reso- |
lutions passed at this meeting in relation to the ^
proposed Agricultural Convention to be held at (
Columbia the first week of the Session of the
Legislature.
Resolved, That the proceedings of the meet,
ing be published in the Cheraw Gazette,
j. On motion, the Society then adjourned.
: D. S. HARLLEE, Scc'y. j'
rhe Vice President.?The following is an
tract from a letter written by Col. Johnson
tee President of the U. States, in reply to
t inquiry if he wished to decline being a
ndidate for re-election.
I have never authorized the decralation that
was unwilling to be the Democratic candidate
r a second term if my fellow-citizens desired
I have no reasons which did not exist at
y first nomination, why I should refuse the
me station if re elected. I wish it, howev,
distinctly understood that I have always
iclared to all with whom I have conversed on
is head, that 1 was not only willing, bat
ould most cheerfully retire, if it should be
icertained that it was the wish of those who
ected me that another should be selected to
1 the place.
In connection with the above we copy from
ie Emancipator, the leading organ of the
bolitionists the following statement of Col.
ohnson's sentiments in regard to abolition.
Vhether he is correctly represented or tfot
re are unable to 6ay.
Public Honors.?The following pro.
eedings took place on Monday, June 2d,
i the Board of Aldermen of ihe city of
lew York.
Alderman Purdy offered a resolution,
lat, whereas it had always been the habit
f DemocraticWepresnntatives of the people
> show honor upon every proper occasion
> much honored individuals, who had ren
ered important services to their country;
nd whereas, Col. Richard M. Johnson,
Tice President of the United States on the
ocas on of his recent visit to this city, had
o: been treated with the respect usually
ccordud to persons of his elevated station;
hat a committee of three from each Board
e appointed to invite him to visit this city
gain and to receive him in a manner be*
ormng that illustrious advocate of civil add
eligious freedom*"
Wnen Col. Johnson was here, on the
iccasion above referred to lie look much
rains to express to some of the ge ilemen
?f color his deep interest in the qnestion of
heir rights and prospects, as all he should
eave beh'nd him at death (his two daugh*
ers) were identified in destiny with them.'
-Je also declared that each of his own
ilaves held a deed of emancipation, and
vouid never serve any but himself. He
ntroduced bis colored visitors to many of
h public characters that called at his
odgings, and expressed many sentiments
ligiily honorable to his heart.
Nor .s this interest in the cause of aboil*
ion a thing of recent origin m the breast of
HJol. Johnson. So long ago ns the agita*
lion of the Missouri ques ion, although he
was in fa\or of the admission of Missouri,
he took occasion to express his sentiments ?
in favor of the abolition cause, and of ifldi*
vidua! and associated action to promote it,
in a speech delivered in the U. S. Senate,
Feb. 1,1820, hnd published in the National
Intelligencer of April 20, 2820.
the wheat crop.
The Charlottsville (V*.) Advocate, of
Saturday saysThe Wheat harvest in
:his section of conntry, has commenced.
The weather has been for several days
very favorable, and we are pleased to learn
that the crop gives fair promise of an a?
bundant yield. The greatest complaint now
is the irregularity in the maturity of the
j:r.?in. Tne fields appear to ripen in spots,
and there is un unusual portion of young
wheat intermixed with the rpe. Most of
the wheat we believe is now beyond the
reach of ordinary contingencies, and it is
believed to be conaidcrubly over an average
croD.
r
IOWA.
The Cincinnati Post says that a friend has
just returned from a visit to this new TerrL
lory and states that he never saw such a
promise of an abundant harvest. He described
one field of wheat which he saw on
the prarie, consisting of six hundred and for*
ty acres, which was a perfect level, so that
it could be taken into one view, and was
handsomely fenced j stalks were then two
feet and a half high, and the growth most
luxuriant.
CHINCH BUGS.
These migehievous little insects have,
we regret to learn, commited great ravages
upon the wheat crops in the adjoining
counties of Chaiham, Orunge, Granville
und Franklin, in some instances, whole
fields have been entirely destroyed, and
great fears arc entertained that they will next
attack the corn,4 to which they also are
very destructive. They cluster around the
stalk in incredible numbers, suck out its
substance, and it soon withers and falls to
the ground. In some places, to prevent
their reaching the corn, for whiClf they are
marching in clouds, the farmers dig little
ditches and fill them with straw, in which
)lia hurra matrA n fnmnnrnrv half. and a/e
""ft" **
burnt?thTe operation of burning being frequently
repeated, during the day. Although
the bugs have wings they travel on the
ground. They are natives of the forest;
and it is saiJ that where the woods are
occasionally burnt, they never become
troublesome. RuleigbStar*
* This they have already done to a considerable
exten-, it is said, in Mecklenburg
and Anson counties.
%
From the Edgefield Advertiser.
Extract from a letter received by a gen.
tlemun in this neighborhood, dated
"Georgevil/c, Miss. May 10,1839.
You would be astonished at the condition
of things in this State. It is difficult to
say, who is solvent, there has been so much
speculation. Negroes sell pretty well in
this countv, but lund, whic h a few years ago
brought $30 per acre, now sells for seventy
five cents. There are, to my knowledge*
thousands of acres of good and fresh land,
without cultivators. It is not uncommon
to see men, who recently were worth 50
negroes, reduced to poverty. I think that
there will be many emigrants from the old
States, next fall. Now is the time to buy *
excellent land, cheap."

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