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Panama City pilot. (Panama City, Washington County, Fla.) 1907-19??, April 16, 1908, Image 1

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yo ai1 R Hoskins 1
j t The State of Florida Panama City Pilot Our Bay Country the
a n a m a
Against the World Y Best Part of Florida
Vol 1 Panama City Washington County Florida April 16th 4908 No 47
Its l
St Andrews Bay and
The nubject of waterways and
transportation thereby has been one
of marked interest in f he United I
States ever since the War of Inde
pendence The improvement of the
rivers the constructing of canals
where they were needed and condi
tions warranted their being built
were demanded by all parties both
to cheapen and quicken transporta
tion and as helpful in a defensive way
through uniting the 18 original colo
nies by closer natural bonds I
No sooner was the territory of Flo
rida added to the United States than
a canal across its peninsula and
westward through the bays and
sounds along its Gulf coast was talk
ed of and its immediate construction
urged the reasons given for the
same being the danger from ship j
wreck through navigating the strait
of Florida as well as the less from I
attacks by pirates in that section al
f so that this country might thereby be I
better enabled to repulse attacks
Xfrom foreign powers through n halving a
an interior inland i waterway communication J
munication between the Atlantic
Gulf and i
states and those of the
Mississippi valley I
Brinton in his Floridian Penin
sula published in 1859 has the fol i
lowing upon this subject
Neither were general internal im
provements slighted A project was
set on foot to avoid the dangerous i
navigation round the Florida Keys by
a direct transportation across the
neck of the peninsulaa design that I
has ever been the darling hobby of
ambitious Floridians since they be
came members of our confederacy
and which at length seems destined
to be fulfilled Now railroads in
that day canals were to be the means
As early as 1828 General Bernard
who had been dispatched for the
I purpose had completed two levelings
for canal routes had sketched an ac
I I curate map on an extended scale
I and had laid before the general gov
ernment a report embracing a topo
graphical and hydrographical de
scription of the territory the result
of his surveys with remarks on the
inland navigation of the coast from
Tampa to the head of the delta of
the Mississippi and the possible and
I actual improvements therein Not
1 withstanding these magnificent pre
parations it is unnecessary to add
o the canal is still unborn
This report of General Bernard
will be found with other matters con
nected with the subject in a
Message of the President in rela
tion to the Survey of a Route for a
Canal between the Gulf of Mexico
and the Atlantic Ocean with the Re
port of the Board of Internal Im
provements on the same with a gen
eral map annexed February 281829
A review of this project with a flow
ery description of the same will be
found in the Southern Review Vol
VI page 410
rtj Sloop Silver Spray
Johns to the Suwanee river The I
draught of water on the St Johns as
well as on the ississippi bar is about
twelve Feet at middle tide that of
course ought to be the depth of
water in the canal The highest
ground between the two rivers is
estimated at forty feet but for safety
let us say sixty feet in the deepest
cut Col White estimates the dis
tance here at eighteen miles for his
0 0
Launch Gladys I
i J L Williams in his View of I
West Florida published in 1827 has
this to say upon the subject
i The internal navigation of Florida
is a subject equally important to the
territory the adjoining states and
the whole American republic The
seacoast is about twelve hundred
miles in extent and the southern
part in particular the most danger
I ous perhaps of the western conti
nent It has been found that the I
insurance offices of the Atlantic cities i
during the year 1826 lost by wrecks
on the coast of Florida the enormous
t sum of 8500000 dollars a sum more I
f than sufficient to complete a canal j
across the peninsula from the St i
very valuable letters to the secretary r
at war and the committee on roads
and canals here inserted I am in
debted to his politenesj But in
stead of eighteen mipf let us take I
forty miles as the length of the canal <
and estimate the expense per mile
at eleven thousand dollars and it1
will amount to no more than 8110000
dollars sixty thousand dollars there
fore would be saved in one year
over and above all expenses of the
work and hundreds of lives would
be saved annually in addition This
would disarm the southern navigation
I of alL its dangers and all its terrors
This canal would in effect bring
New Orleans and the Mexican ports
eight hundred miles nearer to thA
This handsome sloop was i
built in 1907 by D W Parker
at Parker Its length is 20
feet beam 5 feet Cinches It is
a round bottom centreboard
boat with modified transom
stern It is said to be the
fastest sail boat on the bay
This is the only picture of tin
many sail boats on St An
drews Bay that the PILOT ha
been able to get for this pic
torial exhibition There are
many such boats owned and
used on the bay but not near
the number there were 20
years ago before the advent
of the leunches
Peter Charles and Dan W
Parker have built quite a few
boats at Parker many which
have been noted for speed
All of these men were to the
manor born so far as
matters pertaining to tin mastery of the waters are concerned and knew just what was required to make a fast
and able boat This pretty boat is owned by A L Pratt Parker
Atlantic states It would unite the
eastern and western states more
I closely than any other public im
provement could do In times of
war the advantages resulting from
I such a canal would be incalculable
I It is around our numerous capes and
islands projecting far into the Gulf
of Mexico that our commerce is most
vulnerable there it is exposed to
the sudden attacks of foreign cruisers
We present herewith a picture of the launch Gladys the first gasoline power brat placed upon St Andrews
Bay This launch was built in 1901 by the New York Gas Engine Power Company of Morris Heights N Y
for G 11 West and his son Charlie It was brought by the Clyde line to Fernndina thence to Pensacola by rail
way and upon the schooner Nettie from there here The following extracts from the Buoy and Messenger of 1
November 1901 tell of the arrival of the boat and the hopes expressed that this manner of power would soon II
become more common on the bay
Mr West of Old Town has a fine 21 foot Naptha Launch just lpX srfrYi the Nettie and we may expect to
see the owner arrive by the next boat This is the first Naptha steanil ever brought to St Andrews Messenger
November I tr
Capt Vests naptha launch is the admiration of the town and glides through the water so smoothly that hardly
a ripple is left in her wake and yet she gets there at the rate of six miles an hour Messenger Dec 20 1901
1lr G 1J Nests naptha launch Gladys which lies on the end of Capt Wares wharf is an object of con
siderable curiosity It is a dandy little craft eighteen feet long by fie in width and as trim built as it is pissiblc
to imagine The compact engine bears upon its name plate the words New York Gas Engine Power Co
The launching of this craft will mark a new era in the navigation of St Andrews Bay and we may shortly expect
to see 1lr Vests example followed by other citizens who enjoy a ride upon the Bay hut are averse to being de
pendent upon the caprice of the wind Above all the Buoy hopes to see a larger and more commodious naptha
1 launch put upon the Bay for commercial purposes and especially for transporting the mails from Wetappo to the
I Head of North BayBuoy +
r Up to that date sail boats were the only means of moving about and the experiment of moving a boat by gjso
line was looked upon with great interest The Gladys was a remarkably well built boat and gave its owners good
I satisfaction It was in use upon the East Bay mail line for some time and made over 25000 miles on that line
without scarcely missing a trip Mr Vest sold the launch to Dr C E Booth and he sold it to A J Gay The
I latter has recently sold it to G H McKenzie Co who are using it to deliver the products of their Bottling
Plant The launch is still in a good state of preservation and one of the prettiest models upon the hay For
years it was equipped with one of the Gas Engine R Power Co engines which were of the expansive type that is
the power was generated by heating the gasoline instead of exploding the same This engine was changed for
one of the explosive type when the latter were worked out of the experimental stage
and pirates of every description
This canal would save our govern
ment from the necessity of keeping a
fleet in the Gulf of Mexico in times
of peace and in times of war it
would facilitate the transportation of I
troops and military stores from the
eastern and western shores and
afford a safe retreat for the small
prizes which might be taken in the
southern waters By increasing the
value of land in its vicinity it would
throw a large fund into the national
treasury and by increasing the popu
lation it would greatly strengthen
the southern frontier of our republic
To the inhabitants of the territory it
would afford employment encourage i
industry and enterprise and bring a
market to their doors
Since the accomplishment of tho
NewYork canal the difficulties to be
encountered in the construction of
such works are greatly diminished
and a canal of forty miles in a com
paratively level country although
drawing twelve feet of water bears
but a small proportion to one of three
hundred miles carried over rivers
valleys and mountains
To the westward of the peninsula
the navigation of the seaeoast is com
paratively safe but an internal boat
navigation can be so easily obtained
and it would so greatly facilitate the
communication from every part of
the territory that there can be no
doubt of its early completion Eleven
miles at most + of canal would com
plete an inward passage frcm the Ap
palachee to the Perdido bay a dis
tance by water of tree hundred
The Appalachee and Appalachicola
bays are already connected by St
Georges sound The navigation by
I vessels drawing six feet of water is
I good with the exception of one nar
row oyster bar which crosses tho
sound about midway through this
I a channel could easily be opened at
present at low tide there is not more
I than four feet of water on this bar
i To connect the bays of Appalachi
cola and St Andrews three route
are presented
1st Tp the Appalaehlc rivtr
thirtyfive miles to its junction with
i the Chapola river then up the Cha
I pola and Horts lake ten miles op
I posite to the heads Wetappo creek
thence by a canal three miles to the
Wetappo + thence clown the Wetappo
I seven miles to the east arm of St
I Andrews hay
2d Up the Appalachicola rivor
I seven miles to Wimico lake thence
I across the lake seven miles thence
by a canal three miles into St
Josephs bay thence across the hay
twenty miles thence round Cape
I False to the sound behind Crooked
and Hummock islands twelve miles
thence through the sound to St An
drews twenty miles
3d From the Appalachicola bay
through the Indian pass to the pe
ninsula south of St Joseph sixteen
miles then by a canal across the
peninsula to a void Cape St Blas one
I mile thence round Cape False as
In these three routes there is only
one mile of dilTence in the dista nee
I In the first route the currents of the
rivers are to be overcome in the
second the west end of Wimico lake
I and the south shore of St Josephs
I bay are quite shoal in the third
I route both sides of the peninsula
shoal and the Indian pass is also
considerably obstructed by oyster
A canal of five miles would connect
the Wapaluxy creek of St Andrews
with the Pond branch of the Choc
tahatcheo river A canal of one
mile would connect the Big Lagoon
below Barrancas with the Perdido
bay And a canal of four and a half
miles would connect the La Lance
creek of the Perdido with Bonsecure
a creek and bay of Mobile harbour
J M White the second represen
tative from the territory of Florida
took a deep interest in this improve
ment and was successful in securing
the adoption of a bill in the house in
February 182G calling for a survey
for a canal between the Atlantic and
1 Continued on Page Column 11
SemiSpeed Launch Leda
This launch was
built in lJO1 by
OaplF A Yither
ill at Old Town
being the first of
t 11 e semispeed
Dolphin model
boats to be built
upon the bay Its
length is 32 feet
beam 5 feet Q in
ches draft 22 in
ches It is equip
ped with a 5 h p
Strelinger engine
It was originally I
a lull cabin boat as shown in the pictuve but the cabin has been cut down
10 that it 13 now a half cabin launh It was built particularly as a relief
i boat for the mail service on East bay and has made a large mileage on that
line The boat is noted for making extra good time in a heavy sea Its
normal speed is about 8 miles an hour The two sailboats shown in the cut
are Hawk Masselenas J Rogers and the Suppno which at the time the
j picture was taken was owned by Charles w Kil Uyyles

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