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Friday, April 1, 1910. EDITORIAL AND MAGAZINE PAGE EL PASO HERALD Established April, 1SS1. The El Paso Herald Includes also, by absorption and succession. The Daily News, The Telegraph, The Telegram, The Tribune. The Graphic The Sun, The Advertiser, The Independent, The Journal, The Republican. The Bulletin. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS. AND AMER. XBWSP. PUBLISHERS ASSOC. Entered at the El Paso Postoffice for Transmission at' Second Class Rates. Dedicated to the service of. the people, that no good cause shall lack a cham- J pion, and that evil shall not thrive unopposed. HERALD TELEPHONES r i Bell. Auto. f Business Office 115 1115 Editorial Rooms 2020 2020 Society Reporter t 1019 Advertising' department 116 , TERMS OP SUBSCRFPTrOX." ' Dally Herald, per month. 60c; per year, $7. "Weekly Herald, per year, $2. The Daily Herald is delivered by carriers In El Paso. East El Paso, Fort Bliss and Tcwne. Texas, and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, at 60 cents a month. A subscriber desiring the address on his paper changed -will please state in his communication both the old and the new address. COMPLAINTS. Subscribers failing to get The Herald promptlv should call at the office or telephone No. 115 before G:30 p. m. All Complaints will receive prompt attention. i L N u NCLE WALT'S Denatured Poem OW my weary heart is breaking, for my left hand tooth is aching, with a harsh, persistent rumble that is keeping folks awake; hollowed out by long erosion, it, -with spasm and explosion, seems resolved to show the pub lic how a dog-gone tooth can ache. Xow it's quivering or xuiaking; now jt'sfdoing fancy aching, then it shoots some Roman candles which go whizzing through my brain ; now it does some loity tumbling, then again it s merely grumbling; and anon itte showing samples of spring novelties in pain. All the time my woe increases; I have kicked a chair to pieces, but it didn't seem to soothe me or to -bring my soul relief; I have stormed TOOTHACHE- - a-ruuiiu wie suuiilv wu my wiie auu uiijiiucji aunuit; bum. luv u. yun """i .i.... and leave me full enjoyment of my grief. I have .made myself so pleasant that Ihn quarantined at present, and the neighbors sar they'll shoot me if I venture GUARANTEED CIRCULATION. The Herald bases all advert! sing contracts on a guarantee of more than twice Jt yrrm' i The Association of American Advertisers has examined and certified to the cucuiarion of this publication. The detail report of such examination is on file at the New York office of the Association. N jiiuie cua.il iniuc Lie f i - J the circulation of L other figures ot arculshon guaranteed. anv otner El L f sr Paso,. Arizona, fc. f fc A fSJ d tkJjSJX Q7 ffA VXIUff' "-ST 7 4 s . " . oeacuiy. Zew Mexico or west Texas pa- I A, " """; A per. Daily average Si niiii-niV un i i -'il July 1309,,10,062. HERALD TRAV ELING AGENTS. Persons solicited to subscribe for The Herald should beware of Impos ters and should not pay money to anyone unless he can show that he is legally author ized to receive it. Protest Against New Fire Rate from any door; now a voice cries: 'If thou'd wentest in the first place, to a den tist " it is strange that inspiration never came to me before! A Copyright, 1910, by George Matthews Adams. Ldasxm && 14 (From The Herald of this date, 1896) , Years Ago CALL ISSUED FOR CONVENTION; MAN IS KILLED NEAR FABENS To day GRAND OPERA; FACTS AND TRUTHS. ITS ORIGIN AND GROWTH IN THE STATES By Frederic J. Haskin w W. T. Kitchens today called a con- , "Work on the artesian well has been vention of the Republican city execu- temporarily abandoned pending tne ar- meet at the court- rival of eight inch casing pipe irom me INSURANCE men. estimate that the new basis of rate making -will result in increasing premiums in this city by 40 percent to 100 percent. The mayor's statement before the city council yesterday was a forceful presentation of the case against the rate makers. He outlined in telling fashion the course of iigument that aseould be used by a committee of business men from this city' pro testing before the state rating board against the key rate applied to this city. The time to take up this matter is right now. Delays are dangerous. The EI Paso rate has not yet been even officially published and the information that came here was advance information which fortunately gives us time to lodge our protest with likelihood of its receiving attention. The chamber of commerce and other organizations of business men and prop erty owners in this city should take action immediately and prepare to send a strong representative committee to Austin to present our claims to the state board- It is the opinion of the mayor and of many insurance men and business men that this city has not had credit for all of the improvement work that has been carried on since 1905, when the last report was made. It appears from a 6tudy of the rating book that the key rates of cities as well as the final rates, on individual risks are made through a mathematical pro cess of adding or deducting certain percentages according to the presence of addi tional risks or additional safeguards. As, to the plea made in some quarters that EI Paso should not be forced to share the burdens due to defective conditions in ether Texas cities, that position is not quite tenable; the whole science and prac tice of fire insurance are based on a sharing of burdens. When San Francisco was destroyed every community in the civilized world helped to contribute, through fire insurance, towards the city's restoration If El Paso should burn, we would expect Fort Worth, Houston, and Dallas to contribute through the fire insurance reserve, te this city's restoration, just as we should expect Chicago, New York, Denver, Los Angeles, and every other city to contribute not directly of course, in the way of donations, but through the system of fire insurance, which is after all merely a distribution of the risk and burdens. The argument "that E$ Pasa should not pay any more for premium than it sustains in losses year by year is also untenable; such an argument might be applied with equal reason to the individual property owner, leading to a manifest absurdity; for every individual goeson paying bis premium year after year without perhaps sustaining any fire loss in half a century. He is paying for protection just as the cxty is paying for protection, and not with an expectation of collecting back each year an amount equal to or greater than the sum he pays in in premiums. Fire insurance, in other words, is in no sense an investment, but merely a "chipping in" by a large number of individuals to help repair the losses of a few individuals. A loss by fire is an absolute loss a final destruction of wealth. When a man collects, insurance money, it does not make good the loss; it merely distributes the burden and the same man who collects a fire insurance policy today will be contributing perhaps the next 20 years to pay the losses of thousands of other policy holders The situation calls for a vigorous presentation of facts and sound reasoning before the state rating board. Violent talk will avail nothing, neither will reso lutions and letters of protest. The business men of El Paso must take action with out delay to secure a hearing of El Paso's case at Austin before the final rating books are made up. u Old Mother Nature has been arrested at Roswell, N. 2d., for violating the Sun day law. She manufactured ice on the Sabbath day. tlve committee to house on April 4 at 1 oclock in the aft ernoon. f The wind was blowing at the rate of 40 miles an hour at 2 oclock this morn ing and the temperature had dropped to 37 at 6 oclock. Trains from the east are delayed and fruit, trees down the valley have been damaged, though no damage has been reported in the city. Chief engineer H. C. L.owrie of the "White Oaks road has returned from a five weeks' surveying trip to Salada, Which is 55 miles up the road. J. W. Anderson, of Hazelton, Kans., was found dead beside the G. H. rail road track three-quarters of a mile east of Fabecs. There was no evidence of his having been-struck by a train ana factory. y The lowest bidders for the construc tion of a hay barn at Fort Bliss ares R. C. Baker and G. L. Hitt. Santa Fe freight trains are now be ing made up according to tonnage in stead of the number of cars. D. P. Stewart has bought Sarah F. Nairn's house on North El Paso street for 800. Samuel Shutz is erecting a porch in front of the water company's offices on San Francisco street. Judge Magoffin and B. G. Thomas are experiencing considerable difficulty in securing data regarding the needs of a dam here, to be forwarded to washing- ton. it is believed he was riding a freight Metal market: Silver, 6Sc; lead, $3; last night and fell off. j copper, 10c; Mexican pesos, 53c Another Plea For the Dog Editor El Paso Herald: I was glad tb read such a letter written by "A Woman Citizen," as ap peared in Tuesday's Herald. She is right; that "wild and wooly" episodes of the reckless shooting of dogs two years ago is, and will-be, a blot on El Paso as long as remembered. Pet dogs were snatched .from chil dren's arms and shot at their very feet, while their little owners were forced to look on In heartbroken terror. Life is dear to all living creatures, even the tiniest insect. An effort is being1 made to revive interest in the Humane society. The secretary esti mates that -$1000 a year will maintain this society- It will pay a salary to a person who can give both time and at tention to all reported cases of cruelty and sufficient funds to prosecute If necessary. . , , Surely, by the united efforts of those Interested, that amount ought easily to be raised with a population of 50,000. "With a society well established there will be no further difficulty. A num ber of names have been added, volun- j tarily, to the present list through The Herald's plea for the betterment of hu mane conditions. We lovers of animals admire the courage of one splendid El Paso wo man who has gone fearlessly into the work. She relieves the tired and ach ing' necks of horses, "held high with that cruel check rein; she forgets for the time her ill health and household du ties, and sits on the curbif necessary through a storm of oaths and abuse from the driver until that overloaded wagon is lightened to some extent. Often this inhumanity is due to ig norance or carelessness, and frequent ly when these drivers are made to un derstand the cruelty, they are easily In duced to a mo're humane treatment of their animals. I enclose a clipping which covers the ground so -perfectly it is well worth reprinting. Those who left their "sum mer pets" at Cloudcroft last year to freeze and .starve, please take notice, and If such heartless neglect Is re peated this year, just follow out some of the very good suggestions and "reach their pockets." A Member of the H. S. Already'several conventions have been set to be held in El Paso fair week. November 1 to 7- El Paso's second annual fair will be twice as good and twice as well attended as was her first. o The Herald has extended its circulation area clear up into Oklahoma along the Rock Island road. There are few papers in the countryj with a wider area of distribution than the El Paso- Herald covers. o The Great Underground Reservoir STETTLERS in the Sulphur Springs valley near Douglas are actively1, at work trying to get the government interested in a project for watering the valley through developing the underground sources. One who has made a thor ough study of the situation says that cowmen deyelop water by digging ditches from low ground to high ground, putting in wells at the end of the ditches and letting the water run into the low ground. He says water is so near the surface in many places that it is struck by mere postholes. The Sulphur Springs valley is one of the best districts for successful dry farming, and it will be a rich agricultural country when the underground water is developed. o March 18 was Arbor'day in New Mexico. The children at Alamogordo were given a half holiday and planted 239 trees, 258 roses, 160 vines and shrubs, 55 bulbs, and 198 lots of flower seeds. One hundred children reported that they had cleaned up their yards. Such an institution is worth a good deal in the proper education of the youngsters". o Douglas, Ariz., has a curfew law. The fire whistle blows at 8 oclock every night and little boys and girls are supposed to be at home by that hour; if not they are escorted home by the police. Little boys and girls run around this town at all hours during the night; what we need, however, is not a curfew law, but better trained parents. . o It is told of judge Benedict, of Now Mexico, that at one time in sentencing a prisoner to death for murder, he used the following remarkable language, which has now become famous among members of the legal profession: "The court was. about to add, May Gcd have mercy upon your soul; but the court will not assume the responsibility of asking an all-wise Providence to do that which a jury of your peers has refused to do. It might be well for you to send for your priest and get . from him such consolation as you can, but the court advises you to place no re liance upon anything of the kind." Oiife Pets In Need of Ciiarity By Ella Wheeler Wilcos. The following letter has been re ceived from Brooklyn relative to a matter which has occupied the atten tion of humane minded people for many years, and which has caused pain and indignation in many communities, each season, when the exodus of summer and winter resorters takes place: "A woman in this neighborhood has a nice little daughter,, and a fine dark brown cat, "a thorough house pet, timid to a degree as to noises. "The girl loved and fed it, petted it, protected it from weather and neigh boring cats, and seemed to love it dear ly. But when the girl is away the wo man is very unkind to the cat- She is one of those thin, long nosed women who clean house incessantly and al ways has a broom in her hand. "Jn April she turned- the poor cat out with the broom, shut doors and m-nJln-cL'tz and Vpn VlPT- OUt durlnET the ! cold rain storms that persisted at that J time. The yard has not a board or j cloth of shelter, four walls with the place for grass plat in the center and the clothes poles. "Beinga house pet the cat knew nothing outside of the place, so simply hune round staring at the house. Her never be happy, but all that does not "help the cat. "What would you say to do, and how could such a -woman be reached? She is not of the common or foreign class, but a typical New England housewife sharpened'- perhaps by trouble, or worry. If" not asking -too much, please give some suggestions through the Evening Journal." There is nothing which can be done in such a case, unless one goes to the trouble of finding who is the spiritual adviser of such a woman, seeking the man, and trying to awaken him to a sense of his responsibility in the mat ter. A movement is now on foot to have an "Animal Sunday" In all the church es of the land. The idea was suggested by the edit ors of "Our Dumb Animals." the or gan of the Massachusetts S. P. C. A. That great and good man, George T. Angell, is founder of this DaDer. and ,for 40 years has been Its editor. , "Animal Sunday" In the Pulpits. "Animal Sunday" will be a day when, once a year at least, a sermon will be preached from every pulpit on the duty of man toward his dumb brothers. Meantime. th2- S. P. C. A. and th humane association ought to work for a law which will make it a flneable ouence rorany woman to leave an ani- mai uncared for In the manner de scribed above. To reach the mind and heart of many people it Is necessary first to reach the pockets. Every autumn we remain late at our seashore home, and the beauty of the October days is marred for us by the sight of deserted cats left by summer cottagers, who have adopted a kitten tue early summer "henaiisf our r HEN' the wonderful notes of Tetrazzini's voice echoed through the Manhattan Onera House to the strains of "Lucia di Eani mermoor," an. I the clcj Ing sweetness of Verdi's "II Trovuore" were heard a: the Metropolitan Opera House, another memorable opera season came to an end in America. Itleft music lovers not only in New York but in Boston, Chi cago, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washing ton and several other cities further ad vauced than ever before In tlfir ability to appreciate dramatic art set to music. Never before in the history of Ausical America has grand opera taken such rapid strides as in the last five months. Operatle Octopus. Indeed, so important a factor in the artistic life of America has grand opera become that it Is now being viewed as a financial asset and 'there are rumors of a gigantic combination an operatic octopus. ' The ground for these rumors is to be found in the fact that during the sea son just closed a magnificent opera houso was opened in Boston and before the baton waves again In New York thero will be a similar Institution in Chicago. Both of thesje are to have ,lworking agreements" with the Metro politan Opera House in New Y'ork, the millionaires' institution. And only a few weeks ago the press of the east was filled with statements and denials con cerning a proposed consolidation or amalgamation of Oscar Hammerstein's Manhattan Opera organization with the older institution on Broadway. In tho discussion of this combination it was stated that some such agree ment has become absolutely necessary In order to continue to produce opera adequately in America as the efforts of the rival organizations have become so strenuous that the salarfes of Europe's song birds have soared to fabulous figures. As a qoncrete example it may be stated that Caruso reecives $r for a single performance, while Tetraz zini, Mary Garden, Mazarin, Bonci, Ger aldlno Farrar and others are paid sums which would stagger the average im presario of Italy, England, France or Germany. The hot competition between the two companies permits ar.tls.ts to demand a certain number of perform ances each season and the manager has to pay for these performances whether or not he Is able to give .them during the year. It was to meet this problem of guar anteed performances that caused both the Metropolitan and the Manhattan or ganizations to extend their activities to Philadelphia and .other cities. Xew York the Center. New York prides itself upon being the center of operatic apprecaltloh in America, and tho source from which has sprung a national love for dramatic music, but as a matter of fact opera was founded in New Orleans more than half r. century before New York had Its first gala night. The introduction nf opera to America took place in 1790 when Davis, a French refuge from San Domingo landed In New Orleans and offered opera in the Theater D'Orleans. Soon the news of tho success of the venture was carried to France and, as at that time operatic art was almost at a standstill in Paris owing to the upheaval of the French revolution, many of the greatest sing ers of the day embarked in sailing ves sels and after braving storms and sea sickness landed in New Orleans, where they were paid handsome salaries for thi work. In 1S35 a home for opera was built and in the Crescent City this was used until 1S59 when the present French Opera House on -4 Bourbon street was erected. This 'buildinjr. which. Js The costumes were trimmed in solid gold and silver and the ornaments were reargems. The ancient chroniclers say that the cost of the production was 1,200.000 ecus. If this meant silver ecus it amounted to ?720,000; if gold 1,200,000. All the Tetrazzinis, Nordicas, Melbas, Carusos, Slezaks and Farrars in the chorus could not total such a sum for a single per formance! The world's first simon-pure opera was VDafne," the libretto by Rinuccini and the music by Peri. The perform ance was given in Corsi's palace, Flo rence, and the production, which was private, was either in 1595 or 1597, auth orities differing on this point. "Euri dice" with the libretto, by Rinuccini and music by Peri and Caccini, is generally supposed to have been the first serious Italian opera given a public perform ance. This was at the Pitti palace Oct. 6, 1600, and the occasion was ithe mar riage of Maria de Medici to Henry rv of France. Schools of Opera. There are many schools of opera and the rivalry among them often becomes very acrimonious. During the past sea son there has been much bickering about the alleged discrimination against tho German or Wagnerian school at the Metropolitan Opera House. These reports became so numerous that the board of directors finally had to give out a formal denial. At the Man hattan Opeia House Mr. Hammerstein confines himself to the French and Italian operas and he is particularly partial to the modern French school represented by Massenet, composer of "Manon," "The Juggler of Notre Dame," "Thais" and other works almost equally well known. But this rivalry among the lovers of the different schools is as child's play in America compared with the riotous" time? which, have been experienced on tho continent. In Paris, for example, wKenWagner's "Lohengrin" was pro duced in 1S91 the scene1: in and around the opera house were most shameful. Brightside and His Boy "City Farmers Sowing1 Oats ia Broag way," Their Iatest Tabloid Sxetcfc. By Lafayette ParKs. fcT d like to try this bade yard farm ing idea," begins Brlgntside, with an optimistic gleam in his eye as son strolls in. "Nobody to stop you but the janitor," tersely remarks Son, who has heard the same proposition from his parent every spring. "There's no good reason why h should interfere," Father protests, turn ing over the pages of "Every Back Yard a Gold Mine if You Know How to Work It." "That's why he'll puobably butt in then," advises Son, who is a trifle pes simistic about his father's ability as a farmer. WHY LOOK PCK. PEACHES' Of BROAD-' WAY WHEN YOJ CAX RMSE BOTATCES IN VCUR. aK BACKYARD? "This book tells about a woman who had a dozen tomato plants on her roof. 'Her family ate the fruit all summer," Father continues, reading from the vol ume, " 'and in the fall she canned the surplus, selling it to high class stores for $50. Thus, for a few hours' work: the table was supplied with this lus- agalnst all tnings German, as a result of their crushing defeat In the Franco Prussian war. As soon as the plan to produce "Lohengrin" was made public there was a great protest and many of the sing ers, thinking that discretion was the better part of salor, became "ill" and delayed the performance many times. On the night that It was finally pro duced there were almost as many po licemen in the opera house as there were auditors. The conductor, M. Lamoureux, carried a pistol in his pocket as well as a baton In his hand. The audience came provided with am munition, not stale vegetables and eggs, but small balloons filled with evil smelling gases which were released. These floated through the house making the place almost unbearable. Outside the cavalry had to clear the streets of the mob. Composing and Management. The work of composing operas Is a gigantic undertaking and as a rule in volves years of labor. Of course there have been exceptions. There was Han del, for example, who composed "Rln aldo" In 14 days while Rossini com-: posed "The Barber of Seville" in 13 days and Pacini wrote "Saffo" in four weeks. But in comparison Wagner's labor of 20 years on the "Meistersinger" and the "RIngL' may be meationed. Opera management and opera com position are not nearly so lucrative?.as opera singing. Tho Metropolitan Opera company each .year has a big deficit which Is met by the millionaire direc tors. Oscar Hammerstein is said to b morp still being nsed, was where the great 1 fortunate. It is told of the latter that rwu -ji, . , . .. I nits lauie was supplied witu mis iua- tfhe French people at that time were cIous Tegetable and the thrifty house still extremely bitter in their feell- wife had $50 pin money " Father closes pitiful pleading without crj of any i in kind, and her fruitless trials to push j children SO love nots" ri who Tmv --, ,J .t-4.S ! I 1 ,. . ' "- " Heartlessly gone back to their town houses at the beginning of the school was pathetic in doors and windows, the extreme. c "I wrote the woman a little note, very kind, saying that whenever she was going away, or for any reasons wanted to get rid of her cat, to send her to the Humane society, whose ad dress I enclosed, adding a few words to stir her pity, and that the societies were doing all in their power to care for the poor, dependent creatures. "No change was njade, and the season and left the petted animal to become a homeless tramp. It would be tenfold more merciful to take soch a pet to the nearest veterin ary to be chloroformed. To find a home for a cat or clog Is often possible if any. one cares enough about the animal to make the effort. Afl Wa C ir fi-.i Could such people be taught the law Patti was first recognized as the great est soprano of her day. Origin of the Opera. As compared with other forms of en tertainment and education in the thea ter, grand opera is a comparatively reccnt institution. It is true that the Greeks are supposed to have recited their -tragedies to a sort of chant, and that the Romans did likewise, but opera as we know it had its birth i-the 16th century. Of course it did not spring full grown like Minerva from the brow of some Jove-like composer, but was pre ceded by what have been termed "pre monitory symptoms," one of the most interesting of which was a grand ballet organized by the Piedmontese violinist known as -Balfhasar de Beaujoyeulxf This ballet he called "Circe, ou le ballet comlque de la Reine" and it was given on Sunday. Oct. 15. 1581, in the Palais du Petit-Bourbon in honor of the mar riage of the queen's sister. The plot of this "premonitory symp tom" Is of fnterest in comparison with the elaborate stories of present-day opera. A gjentleman hastening to an nounce the reign of peace and plenty to his most Christian majesty is waylaid by Circe, and by her changed into a lion. Half the -gods and goddesses of Olympus trj- to liberate him but all means fail until the royal word works the charm all a very palpable compliment to the king. i The Fir.t Opera. However crude this work may havp been, our modern presentations do not approach It in the magnificent settings and the cost of this first production. ho hasxno system of book-keeping. He deposits what he gets In the bank, and draws his checks. If he has anything left in the bank at the end of the sea son he knows that -it has been a profit able year; if he has to replenish his opera, funds from a private account he knows that he has lost, but he does not know except In a vague way which operas have been, profitable and which have been money losers. Carnto's Income. Caruso is said to receive $200,000 a year from tho Metropolitan Opera-company and Pattl claims to have received $6000 a night for two seasons of 60 nights each. Even in the good old days of Jenny iilnd divas were not underpaid. Here; is a copy of the Lind contract with Mr. Lumley in 1S46: "An honorarium of $24,000 for the season, April 14-August 20: a furnished house, carriage, and pair of horses; a sum of $1500 should she desjre jto have a preliminary holiday In Italy; liberty to cancel her engage ment should she feel dissatisfied after her first appearance and an agreement not to sing elsewhere for her own emolument." Humored and petted and lionized as they are. grand opera stars often de velop idiosyncrasies which they charac- I c!us , tenze as me uaisjrowin ui tempera- j ment. Thli temperament often has 3)e culiar ways of making itself manifest. Handel on one occasion caught a prima donna by the scruff of the neck and hung her suspended in mid-air out of a window until -she acceded''tohIs re quests. Tomorow The Oyster. the quotation triumphantly. Son pauses in the act of taking a puff on his cigaret to look over his sire to see If he is in earnest. "On the level, Dad, does 'that 'What you can't eat you can' dope appeal to you?" he queries in amazement. "Why, it says so right here In the book," Father declares, turning over the pages to prove his statement In cold type. "I fall for the can part, all right. Pop. I never yet saw a roof or a back: yard that didn't have a bunch of old tomato cans wailting for the stage goat to arrive." "I see no reason to doubt the state ment." Father argues. "It seems easily possible to me. Of course, to one who knows nothing of the possibilities of farming," he explains with apologetic pride in his first hand knowledge, "the idea that money grows out of the "I've seen ginks walking up Broad way with theirlamps glued on the side walk expecting to pick up money, but I never heard of one landing a buck,' Son asserts. "Is this back yard cush, real or stage T he asks with" thinly veil ed skepticism. , "As a matter of fact." Father con tinues, neatly sidestepping the leading question, "all the wealth of the world originally comes from the soil. If city folks only appredatedthe possibilities in a "small patqh. of ground they could raise most of their vegetables and keep down living expenses-"1 "What a chance." exclaims Son. "Why stroll on Broadway looking for peaches when you can raise potatoes In your own back yard2" "Garden truck grows while one sleeps too." Father asserts as an added ad vantage. "There's too much going on nights in New York back yards that might take the tomatoes mindsFoff their work. Between the cat concerts and the jani tor's declarations of war there'd be- mighty little time left for the farm to get busy handing out the vegetables," says Son. "Beans, cucumbers, lettuce and other things that grow last can be raised in the back yard." Father continues. "From taxicabs to gilded youth, Broadway has a long list of fast grow ing -propositions that'll push the back yax.i farm, off the map of little old Manhattan." retorts Son. "Well.' declares .Father, firm in his resolution. "I'm going to buy. seed to morrow for .planting. If city folks knew the recreation they could" get by sowing garden seed and harvesting the vegetables, they would take it up as a pastime." "It is evident, Fatherthat you don't know this town as well as you might," explains Son. "As an amusement seed, sowing has even other line beaten to a pulp along Broadway." "What do they sow?" Father wants to know. -uostiy untamed oats. :Pon" mn. The Monarty (If. M.) Messenger thus portrays in picturesque language speaker Cannon's alleged downfall: "The rules committee has heen the mainstay of the great boss; the speaker's cat's paw, the great pigeon hole in fact. By taking the naming of the committee away from the speaker, the house has de stroyed Cannon's power to throttle legislation." That famous rules committee must truly be a remarkable animal, to he at one and the same time a mainstay a cat's paw, and a pigeonhole. It would be a good idea to buy this beast for mayor Sweeney's "Washington park zoo. weather growing more severe, sleep of .Cause t,.i t.. M.h" , o0 broken by thought of the little suf- i "Karma:" n i ' . , i, ferer, I accepted a trip away, in the hope that something wouldhappen be fore return. On return, the daughter was there, petting, feeding; open doors and caressing continued, and I sup posed that ended it. (Although re stored, the poor little animal bore evi dent marks of suffering and fear.) "A few das ago the daughter again left, and the cat is again thrown out of house and home. "Sow the woman and her husband have, gone off some where, the house is shut up (tempo rarily, evidently) and here is the be ginning of the third day. "What can be done in such a case? The law can come in If a itiOther is had to her child. The society cares for cats if" taken to them; they do not call, and indeed would have no real reason in this case, as the -cat is sup posed to be cared for. "Of course we know that a woman who would so treat a poor dependent creature would commit crime that she will one day have certain pun ishment for this cruelty, that she will divine standard. -n-arma; and learn fho. fna that, as they sow they must reap. and as they misuse, illtreat or neglect any living thing, so they must suffer from 111 use and neglect In later incarnations, it would help along the reform. But while they are waiting for these results the poor cats and dogs are suf fering; and all we can do about It is to keep agitating the subject until per haps between law and the clergy, and the newspapers, the day may arrive when there Is no self respecting man or woman who wiill abuse (through commission of cruelty or ommlssion of care) the dumb creatures given Into the charge of human beings. Humane education is creeping into the schools; and that will do much toward making children merciful. You, who read this article, can do your part by setting an example of mercy and thoughtful ness toward ani mals and in talking It to others. bt only are you helping the ani mals, but you are helping make the human beings of the earth nearer the wjfmff i The Exchanges Copyright. 1910. by the Nxir TnrV Evening Telegram (New York Herald company.) All rights reserved. MEXICO TO GROW ONIONS. From Beaumont (Tex.) Enterprise. Mexico is to enter the lists as a com petitor of Texas in growing Bermuda onions. LOVETT'S "RED TIE." From Beaumont (Texas) Journal. Even after the El Paso Herald had put a red necktie on judge Lovett, he simply smiled and refused to say any thing for publication. COUNT THEM ALL. From Silver City (N. M.) Independent. As the census enumerators report, so will Silver City rank among the cities of the territory and nation for the next ten 3'ears. It Is therefore Important that its people make every legitimate effort to secure a full and fair count. o IN DRY SEASON? From Mexico City Record. The international boundary, commis sion has no monopoly on being the onlv persons who have not been able to discover tnrough what part of El Paso the Rio Grande meanders. o . BITSY TIMES AH13.VD. From Tucson (Ariz.) Star. Track laying in southern Pima prom ises to be quite the thing this coming summer. With the Calabasas connection made, the El Paso & Southwestern heading this way and the Silver Bell road reaching in the direction of deep water at Port Lobos, busy times are ahead "HELLO'' EVERYWHERE. From Alamogordo (N. M.) News. The1 i.urch&s'" of the Alamogordo l.in Telephone company's holdings Jy th Tristate, of El Paso, is laying the foun dation for a telephone service whicj. eventualir .vlll b.e unsurpassed. W soon can say "hello" to everyuo-l-everywhere. o THE HERALD'S ENTERPRISE. From Deming (N. M.) Graphic. The El Paso Herald was the only outside paper that took enough inter est In the organization of our chamber of commerce and the proposition to bring the Mimbres valley more promi nently before the people of ?he entire country, to send a representative here to report our big get-together meeting of last Wednesday night. Thursday's Herald gave a full and complete re- l port of our new organization. TOURISTS AS ASSETS From San Antonio Light-Gazette. The protection of the tourists is one of San Antonio's chie obligations. If the tourist is slighted, not made com fortable and inducements to remain be lacking, that city that aims to be a tour ist resort will soon be rudely awakened. The pocketbook will shrink and the ho tels and boarding houses cease to be prosperously crowded. If San Antonio does not protect her tourists by elim inating the dust she will imperil one of her chief assets. o "GAMBLING AT JUAREZ" From Dallas News. - ' It is becoming unfashionable ror Americans to play the keno game in Juarez, and without El Paso patronage the games must close. A very large sum in cash has been drained out of EI Paso every month during the continu ance of these games. Our merchants and business men should employ every legitimate Vjmeans to discourage the keno habit among the people of this side; such action as has already been taken is merely in the line of self-preservation. El Paso Herald. Citizens of El Paso can, of course do nothing politically to break, up the gam bling games at 'Juarez, the latter city being In foreign territory. But if em ployers on the Texas side will forbid their employes to patronize the gam blers, and resolutely discharge any one who disobeys, he "sports" will be put out of business Gambling is a mean, insidious and disgraceful habit, ruinous to the young and dangerous to legiti mate busiuess. and men of firm con victions and clean morals must be de pended upon to put It down for the J safety of the youth of El Paso.