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I Wednesday, April 6, 1910. L PASO Established April. 1SS. The Ei Paso Herald Includes also, by absorption and succession. The Dally News, The Telegraph, The Telegram, The Tribune, The Graphic, The Sun. The Advertiser, The Independent, The Journal, The Republican.-The Bulletin. SIEXBER ASSOCIATED PRESS AND AMER. SEWSP. PUBLISHERS' ASSOC. Entered at the El Paso Postoffice for Transmission at Second Class Rates. Dedicated to the service of the people,- that no good cause shall lack a cham pion, and that evil shall not thrive unopposed. Bell. Auto. Business Office H5 lllf Editorial Rooms 2020 2020 Society Reporter 1019 Advertising department --- 116 HERALD TELEPHONES TER3IS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Daily Herald, per month, 60c; per year, ?7. "Weekly Herald, per year. S2. -The Daily Herald is delivered by "carriers in El Paso, East El Paso, Fort Bliss and Towne. Texas, and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, at 60 cents a month. A subscriber desiring the address on his paper changed will please state in his communication both the old and the new address. COMPLAINTS. Subscribers falling to get The Herald promptly should call at the office or telephone No. 115 before 6:30 p. m. All complaints will receive prompt attention. GUARANTEED CIRCULATION. The Herald bases all advert! sing contracts on a guarantee of more than twice the circulation of any other El Paso,, Arizona, New Mexico or west Texas pa per. Daily average 10,000. fl ' ' Advertisers has examined and certified to thf. circulation of this Dublicanon. The detail " reportof such examination is on file at the . New York office of the Association. No - other figwes of circulation guaranteed. SM Tl II I tin .-....... Free Round Trips To El Paso THE Merchants association is launched ana every merchant in the city, including the real estate merchants, -sill find it advantageous to join. The Merchants' association will have special functions that will in no -way con flict with those of the chamber of commerce. In fact, the Merchants' association will be a valuable ally of the chamber of commerce and not a competitor. The merchants in all lines have certain interests in common which can be furthered "by action in common. The lines of work have been carefully thought out, and direct and indirect benefit to members will be far greater than the cost of mem bership. An explanation of the "free fare" plan to encourage purchases in El Paso stores by outsiders from the smaller cities and towns will be of interest at this time. San Antonio has one of the most successful associations in the United States organized for this purpose. The San Antonio association has 75 members, covering 50 different lines of mercantile business. The advertising matter of the association is printed in 10,000 lots and given very wide distribution through out the trade area of the city. When an out of town purchaser wishes to take advantage of the free fare plan, he asks the first merchant on whom he calls for a "transportation check," which consists of a blank containing the names of all the merchant members of the association with spaces for the date, amount purchased, and signature of the firm, and space at the end for the total amount purchased and for figuring up the fare to be refunded, also a receipt blank to be signed finally by the purchaser. It costs the out of towji customer absolutely nothing to take advantage of the plan; the only requirement is that the trading must of course be done with mem bers of the association. After the customer finishes his trading, he takes the complete blank with all the entries to a bank, or to a member of the association, and the cash rebate for the railroad fare is made without delay or formality of any kind. The fare rebate is based on the total purchases in the city from all the merchant members put together. The total outlay for railroad transportation will be refunded up to 5 percent of the total entries in ihe purchase rebate book. If the purchases are insufficient to justify the return of -the full round fare, the rebate is made on the basis of 5 percent of the total purchases, which will apply toward the railroad fare. The only identification or proof required is a receipt from a railroad ticket agent or train conductor showing the amount of fare actually paid. The saving to purchasers would be about as follows: Hound trip fare for 10 miles refunded on purchases of $12 or more. , Round trip fare for 20 miles refended on purchases of $24 or more. Round trip fare for 50 miles refunded on purchases of $60 or more. Round trip fare for 100 miles refunded on purchases of $120 of more. Round trip fare for 300 miles refunded on purchases of $360 or more- Round trip fare for 500 miles refunded on purchases of $600 or more. Round trip fare of 850 mlies refunded on purchases of $1000 or more. Thus it will be seen that a purchaser from Ysleta would receive his faro both ways if he bought here as much as $15 worth of goods from all the. merchants combined; a purchaser from Ias Cruces would have to buy only $50 worth from all local merchants combined in order to get his round trip fare returned. A pur chaser from Deming would, receive a round trip rebate on a purchase of about $100 from all El Paso merchants combined. The round trip of a purchaser from Douglas would cost him nothing if he bought $250 worth of goods from El Paso merchants. A Globe purchaser could come to El Paso and return home for nothing if he purchased $400 worth from El Paso merchants; and so on. The purposes of the San Antonio Free Fare association are thus stated in the advertising matter of ihe association: "While the object and purpose of this association is, primarily, to induce you to trade In San Antonio by paying your fare, it is not with the sole pur pose of present profit. The purpose of the association is largely to protect the reputation of the citv as a- trading center; to increase its permanent trade; to cultivate the friendship and good opinion of good people everywhere; to so treat the visitor that he will come again; and in all proper ways to advance the mutual Interests of the association and its patrons. . "The refunding of fares is but one means to these ends. It in no way affects the price you pay for goods. In fact, the merchant does not Know that your fare Is to be refunded until after you have made your purchase. Any person anywhere who pretends you will pay a higher price is deceiving you either intentlofllly or through ignorance of the facts and usually to further his personal Interests at your -expense. But of even greater Importance to the out of town buyer than a free ride to San Antonio is the- privilege of seeing what he huys before paying for it, and of trading with merchants of known responsibility." The plan is thoroughly good .and has proved practical wherever tried. The larger the number of merchants who join the Retail Merchants' association and enter this plan, the greater fhe inducement to the out of town people to come here to do their trading. Every merchant, whatever line he may be engaged in, ought to join the association, for the cost to him will be very email and the general benefit to the community as well as the particular benefit toeach mem ber will be great out of all proportion to the first cost. . u There is no valid objection against working the state convicts and county and city prisoners on (the public roads. The convict lease system is thoroughly virions, but the idea of maintaining prisoners in idleness is antiquated. Good roads are great civifizers and business builders. . o There is no room in El Paso for any trading stamp scheme. It is to be hoped that the merchants of every degree from the smallest to the largest will turn down the trading stamp schemes whenever presented. They are illegitimate plans of merchandising and are costly and annoying. Every merchant will do better if he gives his discount directly to the public through well advertised bargains. n Chicago believes in adjusting her educational system to modern needs. This may be because a woman is the city superintendent of schools, but the fact remains that the pupils' lockers in the high school are to be enlarged because they are too small to accommodate the girls' spring hats. o c A Little Texas "JBreeze DURING the "big sand storm in the Panhandle of Texas the other day Bill Hopkins's hat was blown off as he stood in the door of a store in Stratford, Texas. Bill smiled as he went across the street to huy a new hat, and said that he never did mind a little breeze. Several days later Bill was in Tezhoma 20 miles away and telling a friend of his loss at Stratford, the man left the room and returned with, Bill's hat, which he had found in his dooryard ihe morning after the storm. Fortunately we do not have high winds or sand storms in this section of state (very often), and that story really HERALD 'TVTTTTT ". V HERALD TRAV ELING AGENTS. Persons solicited to subscribe for The Herald should beware of impos ters and. should not pay money to anyone unless he can show that he is legally author ized to receive it. MJJJJiU jsziciziy. 4 helongs to Oklahoma anyhow. .1 NCLEliWLT'S WHEX I was but a little lad I used to watch the men fill up their trusty briar pipes, and smoke, and smoke again. "Mian's highest aim,5' I thought, "is just to make tobacco burn": and so I swiped an old clay pipe, and started an to learn. Ods fish! the anguish I endured! The gasping, choking breaths! I curled me up behind the barn, and died a hundred dedths; and father found me writhing there, and stood me on my head, and lammed me with a barrel stave till I was GETTING nearly sped; and mother shamed me sore, and said: A HABIT "The'.world for ruin's ripe, since I've become the parent of a fiend who smokes a .pipe." Yet dauntless was their noble boy, untamed and undismayed; I quickly got another pipe when can my glory fade? I cried aloud, sustained and soothed by an unswerving trust: "T am the captain of my soul, and I will smoke or bust." And so the day of triumph came, and I could smoke, and smoke, without becoming so distressed that I was fit to croak. Ah, many weary years since then have f town with ruthless speed, and I've burned up a million pipes and ninety tons of weed; and J have ifcried so hard to quit and I 'have tried in vain; and so the small boy's courage gives the veteran a pain. Copyright, 1910, by George Matthews Adams. (From The Herald of i ears Federal Court Opens Again. Chinaman Answers Murder Charge Judge Maxey convened the April term of the federal court this morning, the grand jury being organized as follows: Foreman, E. A. Shelton, El Paso; J. S. "Fork, Durham; Anton Knoedler, Fort Davis; A. H. Brockfield, Pecos; S. D. Harmon, Alpine; J. A. White, Pecos; J. H. Doyle, Belen; Pat Coleman, Marfa; J. J. Mundy, El Paso; H. L. Kelly, Mar fa; J. D. Jackson, Alpine; John Walcott, Big Springs; Richard L. Mayer, San Blizario; J. J. Smith, Tsleta; T. L Wright Midland; Wm. Pulliam, Mara thon; Sidney TJllman, El Paso; J. A. Strand, Alpine; R. M. Bressle, Big Springs. The Judge instructed the grand Jury to be particularly severe with smuggling merchants. W. F. Payne appeared on -the streets todaywith an electric bicycle lamp on his whSapl, this being the first seen In El Paso. Tee Tun is being tried in the district J LETTERS TO DOESXT LIKE THIXGS. El Paso, Texas, April 5, 1910, Editor Herald: How about the Times making a stall for municipal waterworks and at the same time being in cohorts with the "ring?" Why did the "ring" work so strenuously against the chamber of commerce candidates for school trus tees? Why don't the city health board use some of that recent large order of disinfectants in the pestilential covered street crossings? Was boss Tweed's ghost recently seen giving danger sig nals by the "silvery Rio Grande?" C, G. E- Reum. "FOOLISHNESS" IX SCHOOL. El Paso, April 2. Editor Herald: I have decided to ask some ques tions. Why Is it that El Paso makes such a fuss about keno when it has I gambling going on right at home? TThere is a room in East El Paso in ,1 which they play Klelley pool. Boys of all ages go there, and they surely gam ble on that one game. There is one policeman that passes that place three and four times a day, but he doesn't know that; that is not the only thing either. "Why does El Paso go in debt for the schools? There is more foolishness In the schools here than in any other place. There are teachers who make fun of children to their faces and tell them that their clothes are not decent to wear out in company. This hap pened last week in East El Paso. One teacher In another school tried to expel (Continued From Page, One.) against the colonel of the Rough Riders in Cuba." Merry Del Val's father, formerly Spanish ambassador to the Vatican, who is Tiow in Rome and who often com plained of the haughty and boastful at titude of the United States In the days of Spanish defeat, said to a close friend: "It seems providential that my son should be the man to humble a Yankee president." Roosevelt Action Endorsed. Roosevelt has received many mes sages, not only from friends in the United States, endorsing his action, but from people throughout Europe, many of whom he does not know. Hundreds of cablegrams from both Catholics and Protestants in America congratulating him on his stand relative to the condi tions imposed by the Vatican have .reached him, and yesterday afternoon when he returned to his hotel he found an American priest, not located in Rome, who warmly felicitated him upon what he had done, saying he believed that American Catholics would endorse his action. The expresident, , however, declines to give out any of the telegrams on the ground that they would serve to en venom the controversy he seeks to abate Sees the City. Tuesday afternoon, in company of professor Jesse Carter, director of the American school of classical studies at Rome, Mr. Roosevelt spent considerable time exploring the capltol forum. He was exceedingly enthusiastic, saying: "No man can inspect the ruins of classic Rome without feeling he is visiting the birthplace of civilization." Returning, he stopped at the antique jewelry store which he visited 43 years ago as a boy. The proprietor searched the old register and found Roosevelt's name. - r. , ' "'Made a 3Iasou. Signor Ferra, sovereign grand com mander of the supreme council, An cient and Accepted Scottish Rite, with a deputation, called at his apartments and conferred upon him a high Masonic title. Mr. Roosevelt delivered a brief speech in which he expressed gratifica tion at the honor and insisted upon the principles of brotherhood, liberty and tolerance which he said form the basis of regular Free Masonry throughout the world. Dine nt Embassy. Mr. and Mrs. Roosevelt dined last ROOSEVELT IS BUSY 111 ME enatured Poem CbaaJn rL this date, 1896) To day Ago court today on the charge of murder. The Republican league club is called to meet tomorrow night at the court house. A carload of Italians, bound from New Tork to California where they are to work in the vineyards, passed through El Paso this morning. A car load of Chinamen in bond passed through last night. The new cases brought against Chapa, Aguirre and Johnson, from Arizona, were dismissed this afternoon by the United States commissioner. E. Kohlberg ha ssold to B. Fink lots 3 and 4 in block 216 Campbell addition for $2000. Charles Townsend has bought of A. P. Coles the east 30 feet of lot 174, block 36 Mills Map, fronting on East Over land street. Metal market: Silver 68c; lead, $3; copper, 10c; Mexican pesos, 53c. HERALD THE I a mtle gin. hen asked wnat tne child had done, she could not tell, ex cept that she was not good. Most El Paso people teach their children to wash and cook at home; that is the rea son El Paso is in debt. 61S Oro Street. OX DRAMATIC CRITICISM. Editor Herald: Having seen so many notices to the effect that the manager of the new vaudeville theater invites all kinds of criticism. Just a word on the subject. I am a lover of good, clean uptodate vaudeville ,and with me vulgarity and suggestiveness grate on my nerves as much at the Happy Hour theater as any of the other theaters. But since a cer tain woman writer, on the morning paper, has begun her socalled dramatic criticisms she calls the things at which she formerly took offence and termed "vulgarity" at the Crawford and. other places, a perfectly clean show at the Happy Hour. The absurdity of the whole thing is apparent to those who read her articles, and her ideas as to headliners on the Great White "Way areeally amusing. Having attended vaudeville perform ances all over the country, was nat urally hoping we would see some good acts, but what may we expect when a (prejudiced) critic designates this week's bill as "containing everything the most fastidious could desire?" Let the critic speak herself, but the public demands a clean, moral show. Truly yours. Miss Dorcas Matthews. I evening, at the British embassy as the guests of Sir J. Rennell Rodd. Tills evening Mr. Roosevelt will be the guest of honor at the municipality dinner. Invitation to Castle. Stuttgart, Germany, April 6. Prince Maximilian, of Waldnurg Von "Wolfegg and "Waldsee, has invited Mr. Roosevelt to visit Wolfegg castle to see the so called "Baptismal Certificate of Amer ica." consisting of the famous Waldsee Mueller map of the world, bearing the date of 1507. On this map the name America first appeared. Cardinal Suffers Defeat. Frankfort-On-The-Main, April 6. Frankfurter Zeitung Rome corre spondent concluding a telegram regard ing the Vatican-Roosevelt incident, says: "According to the judgment of all the clericals with whom I have spoken today and who are unprejudiced, Mr. Roosevelt's dignified declaration was the severest defeat which the Spanish cardinal and papal secretary has suf fered in the long course of his mis takes. This is the coronation of the whole. Another year of Merry Del Val and the bankruptcy of the curia will be complete." Details Published. Vienna, Austria, April 6. The Vienna newspapers are publishing lengthy de tails of tho Vatican incident, but they make few comments. The official Cath olic papers maintain complete silence, while the Liberal journals ueplore the attitude of the Vatican oificials. The Neue Freie Press says: "The papal secretary of state is a bpaniard and the world is not wrong in believing that the old Spanish at mosphere dominates the Vatican." Bafon Hengelmuller von Hengarvar, tne Austrian ambassador to the United btates who is now in Austria on leave, is making all arrangements for Mr, RS6Vms vIsit to Vienna and Buda pest. The expresident will be received by the emperor on April 16. Various dinners and luncheons will a!LS1V?u ,in nis bonor J count von Aehrentha the foreign minister, baron Hongelmuller and others. Sew York Plans Reception. , ew , York APfil 6. To determine Just what Is the limit of Theodore Roosevelt strenuosity in the wav of a welcome home is the question occu pying the committee named by mayor Uaynor to arrange the reception in honor of the former president. The Plan is. to give him just as big a re ception as he can stand. Most of the members believe he can stand a great deal and the program will be arranged with this idea fn view. More than 200 members of the com mittee met yesterday afternoon with Cornelius Vanderbilt presiding. When the program has been completed the board of aldermen will be asked for an appropriation to meet the expresident. Trouble and Honduras How President Davila Secured Office There. RESIDENT DAVILA, of Honduras, is reputed to be the most honest executive In Central America. That doesn't mean that his is a bed of roses. His term will expire next year, and the elections will be held sometime in October, 1911. In all like lihood he will not be a candidate for re election. If he can serve out his term without:! revolution to mar its peaceful history, he will have every reason to congratulate himself. The main argu ment that is directed against him by his opponents, is that he owes his place at the head of the state to Zelaya, and that he must therefore be a henchman of Nicaragua's fallen dictator. Honduran Parties. There are several political parties in Honduras. They differ solely as to their leaders. As to principle, or theories of government, they do not pro fess any definite convictions. Any one of them coming into power might be re lied upon to continue the government in practically the same way that Davila Is now running it. The personality of the leaders therefore becomes import ant. 'The party which supports Poly carpo Bonilla does not, at present, have any considerable degree of popularity. Its most conspicuous members, aside from Don Polycarpo himself, are the brothers Ugarte, particularly Angel Ugarte, at one time minister to England, and again to the United States. At the head of another and very In fluential party is Manuel Bonilla. He is no relative of Don Polycarpo, al though bearing the same family name. Some of the 'leaders of this party are in exile. .Among them Is Fausto Davila, a relative of the actual president of Honduras. Another conspicuous member of this faction, Gen. Gallardo, has in his time held high position under the govern ment. He was for some time governor of Tegucigalpa, and then governor ot the Atlantic coast. Gallardo took a leading part in the war with Nicaragua, three years ago. He was in command of one of the armies operating against Zelaya. He withdreV from Honduras after peace had been established be tween the two countries, and president Davila had come into office. Gallardo returned to Honduras about 18 months ago, but his motives were suspected, and within two weeks he was notified by friends that the climate wasn't nearly so healthy for him as he thought. The hint was sufficient. Gal lardo got a skiff, and rowed hastily away to Belize.. Polycarpo Bonilla. Polycarpo Bonilla was once presicfent of Honduras. He was one of three presidents who, in 1S9S, founded the' republica mayor, or Greater Central American republic. In this scheme he was associated with Zelaya of Nica ragua and Gutierrez of Salvador. The main feature of the union was a con gress, which neld its meetings in Ma nagua. Spain, even, went so far as to recog nize the existence of the republics, mayor, and to accredit a minister to it. But within the year Regalado startpd a revolution in Salvador against Gu tierrez, which diverted Salvador from the union, and It promptly dissolved. This was Don Polycarpo's principal ex ploit as a statesman. Polycarpo Bonilla is a man of genu ine talent. He was originally s law yer, and made his home in Tegucigalpa. His term as president came to an end in 1S9S, when Sierra was peacefully elected to succeed him. In 1902 Sierra declared in' favor of "free elections that Is. he proposed to allow all parties to present their can didates, and to surrender power to the man getting the majority of the votes cast. That sort of pronouncement might not awaken much interest in the United States, but it was quite novel enough in Central America to create considerable discussion. Some peoplb urged Sierra to retain his hold on power. Election Declared Voia. Two candidates declared themselves Arias, and Manuel Bonilla. The contest was spirited. The influence of the gov ernment was thrown to Arias. In spite of all that Sierra could do to Influence the issue. Manuel came In at the head of the polls. Sierra, whose honesty of purpose does not seem to be questioned, even now, by his political enemies, then took the course, startling In view of his previous liberal declarations, of can celing the elections. He declared there had been frauds of a nature to vitiate the result entirely. This action, under the constitution, threw the election Into the congress. At the same time Sierra arrested some of the most enterprising of the cam paign managers of the Bonilla party, and pux tnem in jail. Bonilla didn't. wait for anything to happen to him. He departed with all haste for Amapala, wither his adherents proceeded to as semble. In 'the meantime congress met and cast its vote for Arias. Arias Driven From Office. Bonilla felt he had been badly treated and adopted the Central American ex pedient of revolution. Within three weeks he succeeded In driving AVias out of office. There was some fierce fight ing, in which Sierra took part In the conflict in person. When the 1-esult or the campaign was no longer in ques tion, Sierra and Arias departed pre cipitately for Nicaragua. Manuel Bonilla made a pretty good president. Two weeks after Ms "inaug uration his army was paid off and dis missed. His regime was marked, by the absence of military parade, the com mon characteristic of Central American satrapies. The president was even NSW INSURANCE FOR EL PASO (Continued From Page One.) as the key rate will be discussed by the retail merchants and definite action taken at an early meeting. The New Ruling:. The clause in the insurance policies applying to the coinsurance and the examples given in the book of schedules for the information of the insurance agents, read: The 80 Percent Coinsurance Claune. "It Is a part of the consideration of this policy and the basis upon which the rate of premium be fixed, that the assured shall maintain insurance on each item of property insured by his policy, of not less than SO percent of the actual cash value thereof, and that tailing so to do, 'the assured shall be an insurer to the extent of such deficit and bear such proportionate part of the loss on each Item. Coinsurance Explained. "It has no effect whatever when the insurance is carried to the amount of SO percent of value or more. In this By Frederic J. Haskin and How He Remains known to ride around on horseback un attended in the suburos of his capital. Bonilla Became Reckless. The financial policies of the Bonilla administration were admirable. Peace and plenty prevailed throughout the country. But Manuel was not free from the vices of his predecessors. He could and did, at times take things into his hands and smash the laws and the con stitution with typical Central American recklessness: as for instance, when he caused the arrest and imprisonment of seven congressmen, on the charge of conspiracy, invading the halls of con gress and taking the members in the very place of assembly. By and by, clever as he was, Manuel made a mistake. He sent Timoteo Mi ralda as minister to Nicaragua. Miralda was an accomplished gentleman, no doubt, but he wasn't enough of a diplo mat to keep his chief from getting Into trouble with Zelaya. In fact, Miralda advised Bonlllo to enter into a hard-and-fast alliance with Zelaya, a project which Bonillo felt obliged to frown upon. This displeased Zelaya. From that day forth the ruler of Nicaragua set about to compass the destruction of the Tecalcltrant Honduran executive. War With Nicaragua. The opportunity which finally pre sented Itself reialted from the an nouncement of the king of Spain's award in the Honduras-Nicaragua boundary dispute. The king gave the territory in dispute to Honduras, and Bonilla thought he was entitled to send troops into that district and take pos session. His forces, however, were promptly attacked by Nicaraguan soldiery, as in vaders of Nicaraguan soil. That was the beginning of hostilities. Zelaya was aided and abetted in his plans against Honduras by a number of "emigrados," such as Gens. Rosales and Gutlerres, Constantino Fiallos and ex-president Sierra. These men took prominent part in raising and leading the army which was presently dispatched against Bo nilla. Though Salvador lent moral and ma terial assistance to Honduras nhe cam paign resulted in the complete defeat of Bonilla. The Nicaraguan troops de feated the Salvadoreans at Namasigue and at San Marcos. One feature of the military opera tions was the advance of a Nicaraguan army under Gen. Juan Estrada along the northern coast of Honduras. Es trada the same, by the way, who is causing so much disturbance in Nica ragua just at this moment captured Truxillo, Ceiba, Porto Cortez and San Pedro, and held the coast thenceforth until Davila, as provisional president, secured the withdrawal of the Nica raguan forces from Honduran soil. Zelaya Tnvrarted. Bonilla, after many adventures made his way to Mexico. Then he went to "Belize, where he now makes his home. His deposition left the presidential chair vacant. It was necessary to find some body to fin it. To this task the "junta" of Honduran exiles with the Nicaraguan army, addressed itself with great cheer, though but small success. This "junta" had been formed early in the campaign, and was composed of Gens. Rosales, Castro and Oqueli Bus- tlllo. They agreed to hold the chair manship in rotation, eacn one for 15 days at a time. Naturally enough, this scheme produced discord. The longer they debated the choice of president, the more It became apparent that their interests clashed, and Ihe (more ob viously impossible became any eventual decision. Zelaya, watching the process of events with an anxious eye, now attempted to forestal the "junta's" determination. At his suggestion ex-president Sierra, proclaimed himself president and raised' his flag at Amapala. The news of this rising was received in Tegucigalpa with quite other effects than Zelaya antici pated. It instantly became apparent that un less Sierra were to return to power, some person who would be generally acceptable to the country must be put In the vacant presidency. Davila the Leader. The man wanted was one who would be honest, able, and above all, one who had taken no part in the recent revolu tion. Such a man was Gen. Miguel Davila. Davila had been elected vice president on the ticket headed by Man uel Bonilla, but had been legislated out of office by the congressional decree whereby Bonilla was declared dictator for a term of six years. He took up with energy and courage the difficult and dangerous task confided to his hands. A detachment of his troops intercept ed Sierra and Ms followers at Nacaome, and inflicted upon them a crushing de feat. From that time to the present peace has been the main object of Da vlla's administration. He believes- that the one thing Honduras needs is quet. The country Is rich and its development Is assured, so long as no recrudesence of revolution is anticipated. While he has been able to prevent tho actual outbreak of war, Davila has had much to contend with in the constant menace implied in the presence of Man uel Bonilla in Belize, -within easy strik ing distance of the Honduran coats. As long as Bonilla is there, the risk of trouble -is great, and that fact has suf ficed to make Davlla's way any but an easy one. For these reasons Davila has been a sincere supporter of the plan whereby Washington hopes to prevent any fur ther conflicts between the various Cen tral American states. For these rea sons, too, he abstained from meddling in the present Nicaraguan embroglio. Tomorrow Schools for Farmers. case, also, insurance pays entire loss not exceeding amount of policy. "Example: "Value, $10,000; insurance, $6000; lo? $8000; insurance pays $6000. "When both insurance and loss fall below SO percent of the value the as sured becomes t coinsurer (that is stands as an insurance company) to the amount of the difference between the 80 percent of the value and the ac tual insurance in force at the time of fire. "Example: "Value, $10,000; insurance .$7000: los $5000. "Eighty percent value is $S000 insur ance being $1000 less than this sum owner Is a coinsurer to that amount' and contributes to the loss in that pro portion. "Insurance ($7000) pays seveneighths of loss ($5000), $4375; owner contributes oneeighth, $625; amount of loss, $5000 "The principle underlying coinsur ance Is the equalization of rates so that every man pays a premium in pro portion to the Indemnity realized in case of loss. "Inequality of Old SyMtem." "The Inequality and Injustice of the old system of Insurance is shown by the following example ontwo buildings -adjoining each other, of same value and damaged the same amount each. "Without coinsurance: "Value, S10.0C0; insurance, Company A, 32000; premium, $20. Fire occurs; loss, S2000. Company A receives $20. pays $2000. "With 80 percent coinsurance: "Value, $10,000. Insurance, Company A, $2000: Company B, $2000; Company C, $4000; total, $8000. Premium, Com pany A, $20; Company B, $20; Company C, $40; totaL $80. "Loss occurs of $2000. 'Company A receives $20, pays $500. "Company B receives $20. pays $500. "Company C receives $40, pays $1000. "Tho three companies receive $80 and pay $2000. "In the first cae Company A incurs four times the liability on the first building that it does on the second, and only receives the same premium on both, which Is certainly inequitable." Has Anybody Here Seen Kelly? (Continued From Page One.) 35 votes and the Fourth by 19. Les ter carried the First ward by 7 votes and the Second ward by 46 votes, mak ing Elder the victor by one vote. With a majority of all election boards Dem ocrats, there can be no contest on this election, and It will be mayor Elder for the next two years. O. A. Matson, Republican, was elected treasurer by a majority of 133 over Stern, Democrat- McManus, Democrat, was' elected clerk over Scott, Republican, by S? votes. In the First ward the Democrats carried the entire ticket, with the ex ception of Matson, Republican. In the Second ward the Democrats carried the entire ticket through bv small majorities. 7lT! heT.Third ard the Republicans elected their entire ticket. pJotAheFUr ard the publicans elected the entire ticket with the ex ception of the clerk. John Beaven was defeated for the council by John Lee Clark by a ma! jority of 68 votes. CITIZEN'S TICKET IS ELECTED AT PORTALES Contest Ig dose and tke New Atoials tration Is Elected by Only 28 Majority. ftaleS' N- ?r" AprU 6 The Citizen's tSS Jfi ected here y 20 votes. SEStoi a compIete cnanse a- DEMOCRATIC COUNCIL IS ELECTED LV OKLAHOMA Oklahoma City, Okla April 6. In the municipal election here, six Democrats and four Republicans were elected. This gives the Democrats the largest major ity they have haddn tlfe council In years V -rnL0t,ed bo& Isiues to the amount or $6o,000 for Improvements. ( x partiesvuie a charter providlnsr a. commission form of government carried and a llk nronnrfA - j Clarence. At Shawnee. anJnjunction in- .-...& uDSCU iraua m tne adoption of a city charter, prevented an elec tion. ELECT REPUBLICAX. Clovis, N. M., April 6 The Repub licans elected their candidate for mayor by 145 majority. Republicans Win at Gathrie. Gnthrle, Okla., April 6 The Repub licans scored victory in the election here naminc- -frutf n i .. , --- o . mC me council men. The commission, form of govern ment was defeated, for the second time. y "Wet" And "Dry" Electieas Milwaukee, Wis.. April 6. In. deciding the liquor question, among the larger cities to vote "wet" were Racine Janes vllle, Beloit, Fon du Lac, Hudson Mari nette and Green Bay. Edgerton,' Bar ron Grays Mills. Alma Center and Coon Valley changed from 'Vet" to "dry." Colorado Re tarns. Denver, Colo., April 6. In Colorado municipal elections, the 'Vets" and drys engaged in a sanguinary battle. Returns show Rifle, Grand Valley Pal-I Isade, Brighton. CarbondaJe, Eldor, Ward. Nederland, Gunnison and Buena Tiista remaining in the wet column, while those m the dry column are La- SS Fd5ewater' ron, Evans, Lyons. Basalt, Monument and Marble. Nebraska Elections. ?J?ha; ?eb" 'April 6 Havelock, an important town on which Lincoln has drawn for its liquor since the iattS voted out saloons, changed from the TO to the dry column in the n5uni! pal election. Returns from 12 "itS. and towns indicate that 71 went wet SL5i ??. AshllnT Tnd umn isea to the license col Kansas City RepablicaB. Kansas City, Mo.. April 6. Darius A. ndroV e-nubI?n nominee, defeated Anarew E. Evans; Democrat, for mayor Lf Tt3'.? oy ot about fjl r,, At Top,ek,a tIie "rat election un der the commission form of government Tvas held. J. B. Billard bein e?eS mayor over William Green, the incum- Chicago Democratic. Chicago, III.. April 6. in the munici pal election here, the complexion of the council changed from Republican to Democratic. The new council will be composed of 39 Democrats, 29 Republic ans and. two, Independents. Durln- the day 40 saloonkeepers were arrested on charges of keeping open during the voting period. Otherwise the election was quiet. Dr. Sara Janson, a suffrage attempt ed to wedge in a vote, but SB was not allowed to cast a ballot, although her name appeared on the list of registered PIHIBIIN THE M IN THE ELECTIONS' State returns show that out of 210 cities and towns 93 went "wet" and lia "dry." About 50 changed from drv to wet and 20 from wet to dry. Democrat at Hartford. Hartford, Conn., April 6. Edward T Smith, Democrat, defeated Edward W Hooker, the Republican candidate for mayor, by a majority of 360 It Is the first time in six years the "Democrats have elected a mayor. License was car ried by a majority of 4597. Missouri Victories St. Joseph, Mo.. April 6.-1 By a ma jority of 2504 votes. St. Joseph elected Alvah P. Clayton. Democrat, over Frank B. Fullerton, Republican, police commis sioner. Fullerton was running on a strict law enforcement platform. Mr Clayton is. past imperial potentate of the Shriners of North America. In Jop lin the Democrats elected seven out of eight councllmen. Has Anybody Here Seen Kelly?