Newspaper Page Text
EDITORIAL AND MAGAZINE PAGE
"Wednesday, April 20, 1910. L PASO Established April, 1881. The El Paso Herald Includes also, by absorption and succession, The Dally News, The Telegraph, The Telegram, The Tribune, The Graphic, vThe Sun, The Advertiser. The Independent, The Journal, The Republican. The Bulletin. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS AND A3IER. XEWSP. PUBLISHERS' ASSOC. Entered at the El Paso Postoffice for Transmission at Second Class Kates. Dedicated to the service of the people, that no good cause shall lack a cham pion, and that evil shall not thrive unopposed. Bell. Business Office J-15 Editorial Rooms r)X Society Reporter -"" Advertising department llb HERALD TELEPHONES, XES. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Daily Herald, per month. 60c; per year, ?7. Weekly Herala. per year, $2. The Daily Herald Is delivered by carriers in El Paso. East El Paso. Fort Bliss and Totos. Texas, and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, at 60 cents a month, A subscriber desiring the address on his paper changed Will please state In his communication both the old and the new address. COSIPLAIXTS. Subscribers falling to get The Herald promptly should call at the office or telephone No. 115 before 6:30 p. m. All complaints will receive prompt attention. Where Honor WHEN a subordinate, over his official signature, calls attention to your shortcomings, remove the, subordinate sumarily that is good logic with plenty of precedent, and the school board, pricked where the skin was thinnest, did the natural thing in dismissing the superintendent. The public is glad to have the school board's own word in formal resolution to the effect that the school board is not incompetent or reckless. One of the members of the board thinks that the dismissal of the superin tendent will mend matters; but the people will make their own analysis of the figures as presented by the mayor and the school superintendent, and express their own opinions as to the "incompetency" of the school board. Most people will regard the charge of "incompetency?' as absolutely proved by the action of the school board itself in retaining for a 'whole year in the nom inal position of school superintendent a man whom the board had publicly deprived of all authority and control over the schools, and whom they had sought to degrade by various forms of official indignity; and proved further by the action, of the board in placing the schools and the teaching body under the direct charge of two committeemen, wholly unfitted by training or experience for the task. The big blow-up has come at last, with honors about even between the "incompetent" school board and the deposed superintendent. There will be no permanent improvement until the personnel of the board, and thereby the control, is changed by electing the Citizens' ticket in May o How that the superintendent of the schools has been dismissed, it is timely to recall the famous remark of W. L. Peabody, one of our public school trustees, at the meeting of the school board June" 15, 1909, towit: 'It is not necessary to have a school superintendent; the school superintendent is a misnomer; a school superintendemt is a thing of the past!". The "board may economise by abolishing the office of superintendent and allowing Mr. Peabody to serve without pay.' Arrest Of a A LITTLE story of the census taking in El Paso illustrates the necessity of careful supervision over the work of the enumerators and also the fine loyalty which animates some of our people. There is a house on a fashionable north, side street Nin which several families live. The enumerator called the other day and obtained the names of three or four of the residents, but failed to get the names of several families and left the house without even asking the question if others lived there. As soon as they realized that the enumerator had gone without getting a cemplete "count, two loyal wives, both well known in social circles, ran out the front door and started down the 'street bareheaded, calling as loudly as they dared after the careless census enumerator. Seeing that the man would probably escape them, they called on several men for assistance and started them to round up the federal employe who was running away from his post of duty as fast as he could go. The census man was finally) arrested and brought back to the house, where six or eight names were added to his rolls. If every El Pasoan were as zealous as these good wives there would be no question about getting a fair count They showed a spirit that ought to shame tie 200 or 300 prominent citizens who refused to accept their share of the work in the volunteer census. With the volunteer census complete, the city will have a very satisfactory check upon the work of the federal enumerators, and we shaH be in position to demand a recount if any considerable percentage of error is discovered. Alfalfa is being successfully grown on the "dry farming" system in some por tions of New Mexico and western Texas. Even if only one crop a ytear be taken and that a small one, the growing of alfalfa tends to enrich the soil and give life to it, so that it will produce more -abundantly of any other crop that may be put in later. o- The "Save the Babies" fund is approaching the $100 mark and so far the babies themselves have put up nearly all the money. Never was a worthier cause laid before our people, and it does seem as if the required $400 or $500"should be zeadily subscribed by the charitable public in order to insure the support of the city and county and the prompt and proper inauguation -of the work of baby sav ing. There were 319 deaths last year from intestinal troubles, and a very large proportion of the victims were little children whose lives might have been saved by just such- efforts as this "Save the babies" campaign will put forth. A Weekly SEVERAL cf the smaller towns in New Mexico, county seats and commercial centers, have inaugurated a unique campaign for bringing in the crowds from the country on a weekly market day. An elaborate program is prepared for one day each week with band concerts, firemen's contests, field sports, moving pic ture shows, and dancing. The program for the entertainment is then advertised in tie county papers, and the success of the plan has been remarkable wherever tried. The people come in from the surrounding country; in large numbers to have a good time. Incidentally they do their weekly trading and swell the receipts of the stores above anything they have ever known. Why could not El Paso undertake a plan something like this on a much larger scale providing a" weekly market day for out of town buyers, and provid ing some suitable program of entertainment to meet all tastes. o Any obscure congressman desiring notoriety can -get his name in the news papers by attacking president Taft or some member of his cabinet, and not a few of the underlings are taking this means of bringing themselves before the public - -i o It is said that the number of horses in the United States has doubled in 10 years, while the average value has advanced from $44 in 1900 to $109 in 1910, and this in spite of the fact that the people of the United States have invested some $750,000,000 in automobiles and are buying the machines at the rate of several hundred million dollars a year. This section is well adapted to horse and mule breeding, antfthe demand, especially for high class work stock, is all the time on the increase. Of all. curious suits at law, one just instituted in Swedish courtss probably without a double. The plaintiff is seeking to buy back his own skeleton from an aaatoznical institute. Years ago, when the present plaintiff was dead broke, he gold his skeleton to the school of anatomy with the definite understanding that delivery was not to be .made until the natural death of the vendor. Later the jaaa came into a fortune and now he wants to pay back the money he got from the anatomical institute and re-possess himself of his own skeleton. The ana tomical school put in a counter claim for two teeth which the plaintiff had had extracted -without the permission of the legal owners of his skeleton. The courts have decided that the "bargain cannot be voided without" "the content of .the" ana tomical institute, so that the plaintiff is confronted by the peculiar requirement of living the rest of his days around a skeleton which he does no-, owp HERALD Auto. 1115 2020 Comes Easy Census Man Market Day NCLE WALT'S THE lover falls upon his -knees, where Susan Jane as shelling peas, and says: "O lantern of nxy 'life, put down the peas and be my wife! For you, my 1v.r T'J i1, Aln.1 TA wn'fo vmir nirnn niwin Itio clrir ! TA tzoole the mountain's snowy head, or dip the ocean from its bed! We'll seek some lovely, sylvan spot, andthere we'll build our little cot, and there we'll live, in love and ease, as happy as wvo bumble tees." Alas! So many dreams so wromj! So many discords mar the song! UU.ll. JL i "LUh UlC: JL. VX lifc.V. .IVU1 AU41i( lAyiAA t j.v ROMANCE AND REALITY thev often fade. and talked of cots and sylvan glades, and honeysuckle at the door, and love and happiness galore. And this is what they should have cried: "0 come, my dear, and be my bride! When sober I will treat you right, and fill our cottage with delight. And when I draw my weekly pay I'll always, in my lavish way, hand you a quarter with a sneer, and go and blow the rest for beer. 0 come, my pet, and cook and scrub, and wres-tle with the washing tub, and wear old clothes and home-made lids, and rear a brood of shabby kids, and sit up nights with acliing head, 'awaiting my returning tread. So come with me and be mv drudge, that you mar well and fairiv iudsre the joys so many women know .when & Copyright, 1910, by George Matthews Adams. Jv&&JkJl LETTERS jZ HERALD FOR SAINT AND SINXER. El Paso, April IS. Editor El Paso Herald: I take the Daily Herald; it is a 20th century journal. It gives to both saint and sinner his portion in due season. Its criticisms are so mild and gently given that no one need be offended. I haTe spent 55 years in the ministry and since I have been on the earth there has been more accomplished for man's well being than in past ages, since the flight of time began. "With nij highest regards for The Herald. I remain yours respect fully Rev. F. M. Linscott, 3007 Magnolia St. SALARY OF THE MAYOR. Noria, X. M., April 19. Editor El Paso Herald: I have read the message of mayor Sweeney as published in The Herald, and noted that he recommends a raise In the salary of the mayor. Before mayor Sweeney's day such men as Ma goffin, Caples, Hammett, Morehead and Davis, were satisfied with a much smaller recompense for their services, and none will deny that each gave a good administration. How many at torneys in El Paso make $3000 a year beside their office free? How many business men clear that amount each year, with thousands of dollars in vested? Mayor Sweney may resign for effect but raise the salary to $6000 per year with $100 per month for charity, and next spring you will see Joseph U. announce himself for mayor. And by the grace of God and Henry Kelly, and a large supply of poll tax receipts he will be elected. I for one am not in favor of raising the salary q perpetual office holders; they are not compeled to run for office, and they can well afford to give their entire time to the office if they did not contribute so heavily toward "cam paign expenses" but let the office seek the man, instead of the man seeking the office. Let the salary remain as it is, and El Paso will continue to furnish a com petent man for It. Just, honorable, and upright men are willing to take this office at the present salary, but they willnot run for the office or any other I office so long as the royal family I dominates the city, and when elected, waves the black flag over the city like, the Standard Oil company has waved it over the union. John A. Anderson. (From The Herald of this date, 1896) Years Ago Knights Templar Delegates Leave; Band Concerts in Juarex H The Juarez plaza was crowded. last night by residents of that city and EI Paso, who were there to attend the band concert given by the two Chihua hua bands. Alderman Stewart has gone to Ari zona and carried with him the report of the auditing committee. Nothing will be done until his return. General Fernandez now says that his regiment will not be moved to Juarez. Deputy marshal George Majors has been officially appointed deputy United States marshal in the place of Geo. Scarborough, resigned. He will move Tile o m II . V a.r fnw -T r-wn 1 r Pifif The Mexican Central is to inaugu rate special excursion rates on Its line for the Cinco de Mayo celebrations. The Rector's Aid society of St. Clem ents will' meet at the rectory at 3:30 tomorrow afternoon for the purpose of electing offijeers. The Colts and a picked nine played at "Washington Park yesterday and the former were getting the worst of It when Peyton Edwards went in and fkii The MARS HAS CAXAIiS. From Mesa (N. M.) Free Press. The numerous canals said to be in existence on the planet Mars would In dicate that It is an irrigated country. o HATCHET OXLY HD3. From Bisbee (Ariz.) Review. The Republican insurgents have buried the hatchet right where they can find it. Camion knows where It is, too. o THE FIGHTIXG EXD. From Phoenix (Ariz.) Republican. The Tucson Star has. announced the startling discovery that "The end or the Republican party draws near." "We rise to remark that It is the fighting end. ? CHANGE OF VIEW. From Globe (Ariz.) Silver Belt- 1f a thing of beauty is a joy for ever," remarks the El Paso Herald, "most of the new spring hats will give joy for but a short time." Life Is not without its compensations. o , A SIGX OF THE TIMES. From Farmingtou (X. M.) Times Hustler. The town council of Alamogordo put the saloon license up to $3000 and the ordinancp went Into effect April 1, and the only remaining saloon there went out of business- Denatured Poetn So ananv promises are made, and when they re washed. A million men haves married maids, their husbands' homes they go, 0ML A GOOD SUGGESTION. El Paso, April 19. Editor El Paso Herald: I have for some time been wondering how it happens that the building at the northwest corner of San Antonio and Mesa avenue (recently the Bazar) is jutting out Into Mesa avenue for about 15 or 20 feet. Mills's map of El Paso, which I presume was official, shows Mesa avenue continuing in a straight line from Texas street to San Antonio street, so that it looks as if somebody has at one time "swiped" part of the street at this corner, for surely the city could not sell it. Be that as it may. It seems to mo that there is great need for improve ment at this particular corner. This projection of the corner almost cuts off the free passage of traffic,, from Mesa into Broadway, and vice versa. It com pels traffic to twist around those cor ners in a snake-like and most danger ous fashion, and it is really a -wonder that serious accidents do not occur there every week. As the city grows and Broadway develops into an Im portant business street this twisting crossing will become more and more congested and dangerous. There can be no doubt that this crossing will have to be straightened some day, and it seems to me that right now (before any permanent build ing is-put up) is the best time to attend to It. The projecting corner should certainly be cut off, and It would be better still to cut it 15 or 20 feet back (west) of the original street line, as that would make Mesa avenue and Broadway almost a continuous street. If anybody holds legal title to the pro jecting part, it would be a good invest ment for the city to buy all the ground necessary. Adjoining business concerns and property owners ought to be will ing to pay a reasonable share for such an improvement. If anyone will go down to Texaa street and place himself In front -of Liightbody's store, he will at once per ceive how ridiculous it Is to have that corner blocking the street. In course of time Mesa avenue and Broadway to some cross street below Third street will form the connecting link for pleasure traffic between the city's north side and Juarez. Yours for public Improvement. E. Martin. To day helped them out At the end of nine innings the game was called on account of darkness, the score standing 23 to 23. General Escobedo is expected tomor row morning from Mexico City and will be serenaded by the two bands now in Juarez. George F. Tilton. Capt. J. C. Beall. John Julian and G. W. Davis left last r night to represent El Paso commandery K. T. at the convention of the grand commandery in San Antonio next "Wed nesday. Monday. Tuesday and "Wednesday of next week the annual convention of the members of the Texas press will be held in El Paso. Capt. T. J. Beall will deliver the address of welcome. The Southern Pacific sold 40 tickets last night for the K. T. convention at San Antonio. There are several counterfeit dollars in circulation in El Paso. Tomorrow will be San Jacinto day. The schools will be closed. Metal market: Silver, 67?ic; lead, $2.90; copper, lOc; Mexican pesos, 53c. Exchanges RBFER TO EL PASO? From Houston (Tex.) Chronicle. It should be too high a pleasure to permit of the charging of money for it. for Houston's pretty school teachers to teach our own children, but when one considers what they have to endure from the children of our neighbors, it is manifest that they are entitled to a bulky raise in salary. o KEXO FOOLS PEOPLE. From Mexico City (Mex.) El Trabajo. It Is not bad will toward the owners of the keno, nor pecuniary interest, nor hatred toward things which the gov ernment allows as lawful entertain ments and which redound In benefit to the municipal treasury, that has Impeled a decent, methodical, decisive and mor alizing campalgo against that kind of lotteries, which appear lawful, but which upon investigation, show a trap to fool the people, and the authorities, and to extract the money from the peo ple and to perpetrate attempts against the public anprals. o FIGHT FOR A COLLEGE. Waco, Tex., April 20. The "Waco citi zens' committee will this afternoon sud mit to the Texas Christian University trustees the city's offer to retain the institution in "Waco. Dallas and Fort "Worth are also trying to get the uni versity. "Waco's offer is not divulged. Famous Indian Dances b7 Frederic' J. Haskil CEREMONIES MARKED BY REVELRY; ENDURANCE TESTS AND TORTURE j FOR more than a month the news of ? in& Quality that the young braves gen the day has been enlivened with erally recovered within three or four reports from different actions of v.eeks. If during -this torture there the country recounting feats of endur- k"as any outcry of pain on the part of .iTi cnnH 'Arnratimn .bn" inihe sufferer he was released and sent nhinh -n, orc;i,nrMn morrc r.r- oaM to have danced from eight to 15 hours continuously. In more than one In stance the police have interfered. Bui how trivial seem these efforts when compared .with the truly remarkable feats of endurance performed by the Indian braves of the plains! For the Sioux, the Cheyenne and the Arapahoe tribes a dance of 75 hours was not an infrequent event in the old days jshen the Indians were allowed to celebrate j their victories in orgies of blood and torture. One Dnuce Only a Memory. -The most striking of all indian dances is known as the "Medicine Dance," 'which now has passed into history. Originally the medicine man, or doctor, was the dictator of these dances. Usually about once a year he sent out his call to the warriors of the tribe naming those in dividuals whom he wished to dance in this ceremony of divination, for the medicine dance -was not a ceremony of devotion, but rather a sort of American "Delphic Oracle" to determine what ( were to be the fortunes of war, the state of the crops and the health of the tribe. WHen all the warrior dancers were assembled they marched to the Hooh-e-a-yum, or lodge of the cottonwood poles, beneath which a circle of about 20 feet in diameter was roped off. The dancers assembled in this ring. Then began the beating of the tom-toms and the indians, slowlj' hopping from one foot to the other, began to make the circuit of the central pole, from which was suspended a two-facejl image, one of the faces representing the "Bad Medicine" and the other representing the "Good Medicine." A "Relay" Dance. During the dance the women and chil dren of the village would gather around the roped circle and shout encourage ment to the dancers- After about 10 or 12 hours of this -ordeal the dancers I would begin to drop from exhaustion. As soon as a warrior was overcome he would be seized by the feet and dragged from the circle. The medicine man would bend over him, anl paint symbolic figures over his body, which was al .ways naked except for the breech clout. If these symbols did not revive him he was hauled from beneath the lodge and water was thrown in his face. This usu ally caused the warrior to revive and he would be ordered back Into the cir cle to continue the dance unless the medicine man could be persuaded by the members of the dancer's family, through the gift of ponies, blankets or beads, to allow him to retire. Few "Went the Limit. It is estimated that ordinarily, if 100 warriors were in a dance, 50 would drop out before the end of 30 hours, and an other 25 by the end of the 4Sth hour. Usually from 10 to 15 survived to the fourth day, or the 73th hour. During this long period there was no rest, no sleep, no eating and no drinking. No warrior was ever required to perform the medicine dance "a second time, how ever. Usually one dancer was selected- for every 100 Inhabitants. After the waning of the power of the medicine man these dances were con tinued but the participants -were al ways volunteers and these were con fined to young men who -were anxious to impress some of the young women of the tribe with their prowess, or some warrior who wanted to do penance for a supposed transgression, or else some person anxious to propitiate the evil spirit and restore the health of some member of his family. Usually the vol' unteers were the young bucks who join ed in the ceremony chiefly because was "the thing to do" fashionable, iD other words. Torture Solicited. After the dances there were thf self- inflicted tortures of the young men of j the tribe who were anxious to be en rolled as fullfledged warriors. These ordeals were truly remarkable. A lad of 16 would be examined by the medicine man and there would be a council to de termine haw much torture he ought to be able to endure. He would lay bare his breast and the medicine man, armefl with a broad bladed knife would make two Incisions in each breast, about one. Inch apart and about four Inches longr jliic iiesii ana muscie Tvouia oe lifted u,i. aiuiu me Done, ana Deneatn tnese two strips would be passed a horsehair rope, about three-quarters of an inch in circumference. Then, fastened by hi own flesh the young man would be tied to the top of the central pole of the lodge, with about 10 feet of play, wiu wuuiq De required to remain there until he could tear himself loose. Sometimes if the youth Tvere particu larly robust he would be suspended three or four feet above the ground and would be required to remain until through his own exertions or the soften ing of the tissues, he was able to hrwir the cords of flesh and muscle. No food or water was given to the would be war riors during this ordeal. As soon as they succeeded in breaking loose the victims usually plunged into a river or lake to cool their fevered flesh, and after this their wounds were dressed by the medi cine man. Herbs 3Iot Virtuon. The herbs used were of such a heal- (Continued From measures for their own safety and pro- j tection. 'The first Mexican demonstration against the colonists oc-urred at G6n- j zalez, which, invested by Castoenado witn a large well drilled rorce. was ably and gallantly defended by Capt. Albert Martin. Once engaged in the contest, the colonists, earnest, rr-srgetlc, Inde fatigable, gained recruits from all quarters, and soon their beacon Sights were seen from the Sabine to the Rio Grande. Emboldened by success at Gonzalez, they prepared to attack Go liad and San Antonio. Texans' Glory. "Milam, the JLwo BoWJec, Fannin, Travis, Crockett, joined the Colonial army about this time, and sacrificing their lives for Texas Independence, gained imperishable glory, in October Capt. Collingsworth attacked and took Goliad, securing much needed supplies. On December 5, Col. Milam, with about 300 followers, attacked San Antonio, garrisoned by Gen. Coss with a large well equipped Mexican rorce, and after a desperate struggle, lasting eight days, forced his surrender. "The Mexican loss was heavy. The American loss slight, but among their dead was the brave, lamented Milam. Coss, promising not to further molest TUNDonflV HiisisyrnsDy nr Trvip ! away in disgrace, thenceforth to be known as a 'woman man." and anade to do work of women. Such a man was never allowed to marry or hold prop erty. Sioux's Famous Pirouetting. The medicine dance among the Sioux indians was known as the sun dance. j In all of the indian dances there is practically no variety, in the movement of the legs. The feet are kept -close to gether and the whole .weight rests upon the ball of the foot, the heels being free from the ground. There is a ris ing and falling of the shoulders to the beating of the tom-toms. This form of exercise is particularly trying on the I muscles of the calves of the legs and while an indian can keep up the move ment all, night and seem perfectly fresh in the morning a white man Is utterly exhausted at the end of half an hour of this sort of exertion. Semfcioles's Noted Dunces. From the time when "David danced before the Lord," dancing has been an Important part in religious observances of every race, and student of customs even trace the rising or kneeling for prayer on the part of Christians as an embryonic, or perhaps more properly a decadent, form of dancing. At any rate, the indians had many forms of re ligious dances, one of the most interest ing being the green corn dance of the Florida Semlnoles. In many respects this dance seems to link the red man with the Greeks and Romans of 3000 years ago when harvest time was cele brated -with the dance to Cerelia. fol lowed by the orgies devoted to "Venus. Danced Before "War. One of the most gre-ssome of all in dian ceremonies is the scalp dance, now practically unknown. "Warriors return ing with their bloody trophies retired to a place near the village and stretched the skins from the heads of their vic tims around the edge of hoops. "Willow 1 poles 10 or 12 feet long were then stripped and the hoops tied to the ends of these, after "which the warriors march ed Into the village, set their poles up right in a circle and began their weir? hopping dance about the gory trophies, keeping time to the tom-toms. As the dance proceeded the warriors would, grow wild with the thought of the bat tle and each man in turn would nar rate the story of his combat, all the time going through the most extrava gant antics. Hosts Often Bankrupted. Among the most curious customs of the Indians were the "begging dances." These were really civilization's old fashioned surprise parties, and the par ticipants were two tribes recently at war with each other but at peacewhen the dance took place. The surprising tribe would swoop down upon the friendly village with every evidence of hostility, and the surprised tribe often was at a loss to know the intention of the visitors until they assembled in the 1 center of the village and began their dance. Thea the unwilling hosts assem bled around the performers who from time to time darted out and embraced the onlookers. Each hose so -embraced- was in duty bound to bestow up'on thej aancing visitor some present, xnese nag ging dances practically bankrupted the hosttribe, for it was a point of honor that the beggars should be royally re warded. During the dry season on the plains, which frequently extends over a period of eight months, social dances are much in vogue among the tribes, mere some times being as many as five a nveek. These dances have been compared to our awn favor germans. The entertain ments are never formal. A youth will begin to pound upon a tom-tom at dusk and the guests begin to assemble at his family's teepe. The men drift in together by ones and twos and take their seats at one end of the teepe and the women assemble in the same manner. After all are assembled the drum is struck by one of the young bucks, and all the other dancing men, grouped around the drum, "begin to beat time with drumsticks about two feet long. a Grand Right and Left. Then one of the girls .will rise and go over to the group of men taking one Dy the hand. They will go to the center of the teepe and begin to F dance with their arms about each other, Uuuch. as the white man .does in his 1 round dance. Finally thev separate and I the girl chooses another man and the ! man another girl, both of the new dancers joining each other in the center, of the teepe and continuing. Kisslnjr Germs "Sot Feared. In the "kissing dance" the fun is In creased because each girl has to kiss her partner. "White men who attend these dances are often selected to take part in the "kissing" feature and the only way in which they can avoid pay ing the forfeit is to give the chooser something, usually a nickel. As soon as it is discovered, however, that the victim is "willing to pay for his release he is chosen each time and a pocketfull Qf small coins is barely sufficient for the osculatory favors showered upon him. Tomorrow Making a Garden. Page One.)' the colonists and to exert himself to al- lay hostile feelings, was allowed to Te- turn with his troops to Mexico, but once across the Rio Grande, he ignored his parole, and., actively enlisting recruits. fomented bitter enmity Mexican Preparations. "News of Immense preparations for I invading Texans reached the colonists, i Santa Ana, president of the Mexican re public, took active command of the army of S00O regulars, well drilled and equipped, and which, officered by skilled, experienced commanders, had been ordered to rendezvous February 1. He crossed the Rio Grande on the 12th.. on the 23d reached the Alizan Heights overlooking the valley and city of San Antonio, and reviewed hi troops, ex pecting by the Imposing display artil lery, cavalry, infantry, all In dashing uniforms, maneuvering, with bands playing and banners flying to strike terror into the hearts of the small, miserably equipped Colonial garrison. The Alamo iSHttle. "The Texans, .numbering 150, and commanded by Travis, after some tri fling street and suburban skirmishes, retreated to the fortress of the Alamo) and prepared for a long, desperate' siege, determined to make a brave de fence and conquer or die. At midnight, J March 6, Santa Ana, with 4000 picked men, surrounded the fort, intending to take it by storm at no matter what cost. The infantry surrounded the walls, the cavalry was placed outside for the double purpose of forcing the infantry to advance and of preventing the Texans from escaping. "Twice repulsed in attempting to scale the walls of the fort, pressure from, be- I trrirrl inrt finrillv. mnrlflrip1 htr havniwi i "' - rf .. -. i. pricks, they mounted the ladders and, like sbep fell over the walls in the midst of the besieged. Then commenced the fiercest, bloodiest onslaught; the noblest, most heroic defence; the clos est, deadliest struggle, recorded in his tory, kj 'Travis fell, encouraging ytfth his failing breath his devoted comrades. Bowie and Crocket fell amid a heap of bleeding Mexicans each one having slain four or five assailants. "Capt. Evans fell while firing a 'train to blow up the fort, and. of the 150 brave men who stood- up that morning to battle for . liberty and. independence, all lay cold in death. Thermopylae had her messenger of defeat, the Alamo not one. Bodies Bnraed. "Santa Ana denied the rudest form of sepulture to these noble martyrs and their bodies, gathered and pHed up by his order, were covered with lime and burned, their ashes betng scattered abroad. ""Whether Travis had surrendered or not was questioned at the time, but the opinion prevailed that, knowing with, whom he had to deal, he neither asked for, norexpected mercy. The massacre of Fannin and his men at Goliad, and of King's party at Refugio, though both had surrendered, and had been promised the treatment awarded pris oners of war, succeeded the fall of the Alamo. Fannin and King had been or dered by Houston, who had been ap pointed by the provisional government of Texaa commanderinchief of the Co lonial army, to join his command but hoping to maintain their positions 'they delayed executing the order until too Ana's Beast. "Santa Ana, elated by these victories, marched westward, insolently boasting that he would not leave an Anglo American in Texas, and"that Houston and his army would be even more sum marily dealt with than Travis, Fanning or King. He crossed tne Brazos April 12, and reached Synch's Ferry on the San Jacinto, April 21, having burned" in passing several Texas villages and set tlements. He had an able, experienced staff and 1500 well armecr, well drilled .men. Houston's army, numbering 7S3. had halted in a grove about a mile from Lynch s Ferry. Expecting a Mexican attack, he made a speedy but careful disposition of his force, assigning to each division its proper place, and to each soldier his ailoted duty. His men undaunted by tneir Inferior numbers and burning to avenge their murdered comrades, awaited impatiently the sig nal to move. "At 3 p. m. the officers were ordered to parade. The First regiment, 'under CoL Burleson, occupied the center: the Second, under Col. Sherman, formed the left wing; the artillery, under Col Hockley, were on Burleson's right, four infantry companies, under Col. Millard supported the artillery, and the cavalry' under Col. Lamar, formed the extreme' right. 'Houston had lately visited a friend whose pretty yiung daughter had a sweet.musical voice. She sang Jor him to a guitar accomrjanimeRt a rro I f sonff' one of yrhlch deeply Impressed . xw ua.iS it rang m his ears all ,re seemIn swell the chorus: WiUyOU COme to the hmrr T !,,.-- shaded, for yo&3' r Music for tke Attarfc 4.' "P611 the order to Parade was given the bandmaster asked what -air he wished played, and Houston promptlr replied: 'Will you come to- the boer i have prepared for your The Mexi cans began the attack, the Texans cahnly received the first fire, thea; when ordered to charge, the watchword Re member the Alamo was shouted along tne linet and such was the force of the appeal, such the ferocious; desperate rage it aroused, that in less than 30 minutes the Mexicans, completers- rout- I.16? in dismaF- A Texas private said afterward: "T remember a headlong rush, for ward, then an Insatiate craving to kill ano a passionate delight on seeing every bullet take effect, and the Mex cans, like cornstalks m a nuxrlcane. blown to the ground.' " Houston lost two killed, 25 wounded, no prisoners: Santa Ana 600 killed 26S ggy&js jf3fLr'soners-inciuW 'FKIENDLY BECEIVEE, TO BEOEGANIZE Superintendent of MQitary lastitiite to Act Jointly With. Owen P. White. Judge "Walthall has appointed Owen P. White receiver of the El Paso Mili tary Institute company, to act jointly with Capt. Thomas A. Davis, the super intendent of the institute. The request for the receiver was made by Capt. Davis himself, as a stockholder, and was deemed best to ask the court to pro the company. The object of the receivership is to facilitate a readjustment of the finan cial affairs of the school. Large sums are due the company on stock sub scriptions and tuition and board bills, and it will take a little time to collect all the accounts. Meantime some of the creditors have been pressing for money and threatening suit, so that it was demed best to ask the court to pro tect all creditors equally with all tiie investors and stockholders by conserv ing the assets and business of tho school. The assets of the company are more than d6uble the liabilities, and as soon as the collections can be made the un secured debt will be taken care of and the receivership dissolved. Under the order of the court the school will continue without the slight est interruption under the present sup erintendent and all current expenses will be provided for as they arise. The actual operations of the school have been profitable from the opening day out more capital will probably be re- quired to complete the buildings and equipment according to the needs of the large student body. Following the appointment of Owen "White as receiver, Mary !L. Springer executrix of the Springer estate, filed suit in the 34th district court Wednes day morning to recover from the insti tute on two notes. The receiver has already taken full charge of the finances and business op erations of the school. KENTUCKY BA'KEIt 15 KILLED BY SOIVIXLAW. Berea, Kj April 30. Walking into his durg store and taking his place at the cigar counter, Samuel Welch, presi dent of the Berea National bank, wrj assassinated last night, five shots being fired Into bis body. Grover Fish, his soninlaw, surren dered and admitted killing Welch, but refused to discuss the matter.