EDITORIAL AND MAGAZINE PAGE
"Wednesday, April 20, 1910.
Established April, 1881. The El Paso Herald Includes also, by absorption and
succession, The Dally News, The Telegraph, The Telegram, The Tribune,
The Graphic, vThe Sun, The Advertiser. The Independent,
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pion, and that evil shall not thrive unopposed.
Business Office J-15
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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
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A subscriber desiring the address on his paper changed Will please state
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Subscribers falling to get The Herald promptly should call at the office or
telephone No. 115 before 6:30 p. m. All complaints will receive prompt attention.
WHEN a subordinate, over his official signature, calls attention to your
shortcomings, remove the, subordinate sumarily that is good logic with
plenty of precedent, and the school board, pricked where the skin was
thinnest, did the natural thing in dismissing the superintendent. The public is
glad to have the school board's own word in formal resolution to the effect that
the school board is not incompetent or reckless.
One of the members of the board thinks that the dismissal of the superin
tendent will mend matters; but the people will make their own analysis of the
figures as presented by the mayor and the school superintendent, and express their
own opinions as to the "incompetency" of the school board.
Most people will regard the charge of "incompetency?' as absolutely proved
by the action of the school board itself in retaining for a 'whole year in the nom
inal position of school superintendent a man whom the board had publicly deprived
of all authority and control over the schools, and whom they had sought to degrade
by various forms of official indignity; and proved further by the action, of the
board in placing the schools and the teaching body under the direct charge of two
committeemen, wholly unfitted by training or experience for the task.
The big blow-up has come at last, with honors about even between the
"incompetent" school board and the deposed superintendent. There will be no
permanent improvement until the personnel of the board, and thereby the control,
is changed by electing the Citizens' ticket in May
How that the superintendent of the schools has been dismissed, it is timely
to recall the famous remark of W. L. Peabody, one of our public school trustees,
at the meeting of the school board June" 15, 1909, towit: 'It is not necessary to
have a school superintendent; the school superintendent is a misnomer; a school
superintendemt is a thing of the past!". The "board may economise by abolishing
the office of superintendent and allowing Mr. Peabody to serve without pay.'
Arrest Of a
A LITTLE story of the census taking in El Paso illustrates the necessity of
careful supervision over the work of the enumerators and also the fine
loyalty which animates some of our people. There is a house on a
fashionable north, side street Nin which several families live. The enumerator
called the other day and obtained the names of three or four of the residents, but
failed to get the names of several families and left the house without even asking
the question if others lived there.
As soon as they realized that the enumerator had gone without getting a
cemplete "count, two loyal wives, both well known in social circles, ran out the
front door and started down the 'street bareheaded, calling as loudly as they
dared after the careless census enumerator. Seeing that the man would probably
escape them, they called on several men for assistance and started them to round
up the federal employe who was running away from his post of duty as fast as
he could go. The census man was finally) arrested and brought back to the house,
where six or eight names were added to his rolls.
If every El Pasoan were as zealous as these good wives there would be no
question about getting a fair count They showed a spirit that ought to shame
tie 200 or 300 prominent citizens who refused to accept their share of the work
in the volunteer census. With the volunteer census complete, the city will have
a very satisfactory check upon the work of the federal enumerators, and we
shaH be in position to demand a recount if any considerable percentage of error
Alfalfa is being successfully grown on the "dry farming" system in some por
tions of New Mexico and western Texas. Even if only one crop a ytear be taken
and that a small one, the growing of alfalfa tends to enrich the soil and give
life to it, so that it will produce more -abundantly of any other crop that may be
put in later.
The "Save the Babies" fund is approaching the $100 mark and so far the
babies themselves have put up nearly all the money. Never was a worthier cause
laid before our people, and it does seem as if the required $400 or $500"should be
zeadily subscribed by the charitable public in order to insure the support of the
city and county and the prompt and proper inauguation -of the work of baby sav
ing. There were 319 deaths last year from intestinal troubles, and a very large
proportion of the victims were little children whose lives might have been saved
by just such- efforts as this "Save the babies" campaign will put forth.
SEVERAL cf the smaller towns in New Mexico, county seats and commercial
centers, have inaugurated a unique campaign for bringing in the crowds from
the country on a weekly market day. An elaborate program is prepared for
one day each week with band concerts, firemen's contests, field sports, moving pic
ture shows, and dancing. The program for the entertainment is then advertised
in tie county papers, and the success of the plan has been remarkable wherever
tried. The people come in from the surrounding country; in large numbers to have
a good time. Incidentally they do their weekly trading and swell the receipts of
the stores above anything they have ever known.
Why could not El Paso undertake a plan something like this on a much
larger scale providing a" weekly market day for out of town buyers, and provid
ing some suitable program of entertainment to meet all tastes.
Any obscure congressman desiring notoriety can -get his name in the news
papers by attacking president Taft or some member of his cabinet, and not a few
of the underlings are taking this means of bringing themselves before the public
- -i o
It is said that the number of horses in the United States has doubled in 10
years, while the average value has advanced from $44 in 1900 to $109 in 1910,
and this in spite of the fact that the people of the United States have invested
some $750,000,000 in automobiles and are buying the machines at the rate of
several hundred million dollars a year. This section is well adapted to horse
and mule breeding, antfthe demand, especially for high class work stock, is all the
time on the increase.
Of all. curious suits at law, one just instituted in Swedish courtss probably
without a double. The plaintiff is seeking to buy back his own skeleton from an
aaatoznical institute. Years ago, when the present plaintiff was dead broke, he
gold his skeleton to the school of anatomy with the definite understanding that
delivery was not to be .made until the natural death of the vendor. Later the
jaaa came into a fortune and now he wants to pay back the money he got from
the anatomical institute and re-possess himself of his own skeleton. The ana
tomical school put in a counter claim for two teeth which the plaintiff had had
extracted -without the permission of the legal owners of his skeleton. The courts
have decided that the "bargain cannot be voided without" "the content of .the" ana
tomical institute, so that the plaintiff is confronted by the peculiar requirement
of living the rest of his days around a skeleton which he does no-, owp
THE lover falls upon his -knees, where Susan Jane as shelling peas, and says:
"O lantern of nxy 'life, put down the peas and be my wife! For you, my
1v.r T'J i1, Aln.1 TA wn'fo vmir nirnn niwin Itio clrir ! TA tzoole the
mountain's snowy head, or dip the ocean from its bed! We'll seek some lovely,
sylvan spot, andthere we'll build our little cot, and there we'll live, in love and
ease, as happy as wvo bumble tees." Alas! So many
dreams so wromj! So many discords mar the song!
UU.ll. JL i "LUh UlC: JL. VX lifc.V. .IVU1 AU41i( lAyiAA t j.v
thev often fade.
and talked of cots and sylvan glades, and honeysuckle
at the door, and love and happiness galore. And this is
what they should have cried: "0 come, my dear, and be my bride! When sober
I will treat you right, and fill our cottage with delight. And when I draw my
weekly pay I'll always, in my lavish way, hand you a quarter with a sneer, and
go and blow the rest for beer. 0 come, my pet, and cook and scrub, and wres-tle
with the washing tub, and wear old clothes and home-made lids, and rear a
brood of shabby kids, and sit up nights with acliing head, 'awaiting my returning
tread. So come with me and be mv drudge, that you mar well and fairiv iudsre
the joys so many women know .when &
Copyright, 1910, by George Matthews Adams. Jv&&JkJl
LETTERS jZ HERALD
FOR SAINT AND SINXER.
El Paso, April IS.
Editor El Paso Herald:
I take the Daily Herald; it is a 20th
century journal. It gives to both saint
and sinner his portion in due season. Its
criticisms are so mild and gently given
that no one need be offended. I haTe
spent 55 years in the ministry and since
I have been on the earth there has been
more accomplished for man's well being
than in past ages, since the flight of
time began. "With nij highest regards
for The Herald. I remain yours respect
fully Rev. F. M. Linscott,
3007 Magnolia St.
SALARY OF THE MAYOR.
Noria, X. M., April 19.
Editor El Paso Herald:
I have read the message of mayor
Sweeney as published in The Herald,
and noted that he recommends a raise
In the salary of the mayor. Before
mayor Sweeney's day such men as Ma
goffin, Caples, Hammett, Morehead and
Davis, were satisfied with a much
smaller recompense for their services,
and none will deny that each gave a
good administration. How many at
torneys in El Paso make $3000 a year
beside their office free? How many
business men clear that amount each
year, with thousands of dollars in
vested? Mayor Sweney may resign for
effect but raise the salary to $6000
per year with $100 per month for
charity, and next spring you will see
Joseph U. announce himself for mayor.
And by the grace of God and Henry
Kelly, and a large supply of poll tax
receipts he will be elected.
I for one am not in favor of raising
the salary q perpetual office holders;
they are not compeled to run for office,
and they can well afford to give their
entire time to the office if they did
not contribute so heavily toward "cam
paign expenses" but let the office seek
the man, instead of the man seeking the
Let the salary remain as it is, and El
Paso will continue to furnish a com
petent man for It. Just, honorable, and
upright men are willing to take this
office at the present salary, but they
willnot run for the office or any other
I office so long as the royal family
I dominates the city, and when elected,
waves the black flag over the city like,
the Standard Oil company has waved it
over the union.
John A. Anderson.
(From The Herald of this date, 1896)
Knights Templar Delegates Leave;
Band Concerts in Juarex
The Juarez plaza was crowded. last
night by residents of that city and EI
Paso, who were there to attend the
band concert given by the two Chihua
Alderman Stewart has gone to Ari
zona and carried with him the report
of the auditing committee. Nothing will
be done until his return.
General Fernandez now says that his
regiment will not be moved to Juarez.
Deputy marshal George Majors has
been officially appointed deputy United
States marshal in the place of Geo.
Scarborough, resigned. He will move
Tile o m II . V a.r fnw -T r-wn 1 r Pifif
The Mexican Central is to inaugu
rate special excursion rates on Its line
for the Cinco de Mayo celebrations.
The Rector's Aid society of St. Clem
ents will' meet at the rectory at 3:30
tomorrow afternoon for the purpose of
The Colts and a picked nine played at
"Washington Park yesterday and the
former were getting the worst of It
when Peyton Edwards went in and
MARS HAS CAXAIiS.
From Mesa (N. M.) Free Press.
The numerous canals said to be in
existence on the planet Mars would In
dicate that It is an irrigated country.
HATCHET OXLY HD3.
From Bisbee (Ariz.) Review.
The Republican insurgents have buried
the hatchet right where they can find
it. Camion knows where It is, too.
THE FIGHTIXG EXD.
From Phoenix (Ariz.) Republican.
The Tucson Star has. announced the
startling discovery that "The end or
the Republican party draws near." "We
rise to remark that It is the fighting
? CHANGE OF VIEW.
From Globe (Ariz.) Silver Belt-
1f a thing of beauty is a joy for
ever," remarks the El Paso Herald,
"most of the new spring hats will give
joy for but a short time." Life Is not
without its compensations.
A SIGX OF THE TIMES.
From Farmingtou (X. M.) Times
Hustler. The town council of Alamogordo put
the saloon license up to $3000 and the
ordinancp went Into effect April 1, and
the only remaining saloon there went
out of business-
So ananv promises are made, and when they re washed.
A million men haves married maids,
their husbands' homes they go,
A GOOD SUGGESTION.
El Paso, April 19.
Editor El Paso Herald:
I have for some time been wondering
how it happens that the building at the
northwest corner of San Antonio and
Mesa avenue (recently the Bazar) is
jutting out Into Mesa avenue for about
15 or 20 feet. Mills's map of El Paso,
which I presume was official, shows
Mesa avenue continuing in a straight
line from Texas street to San Antonio
street, so that it looks as if somebody
has at one time "swiped" part of the
street at this corner, for surely the
city could not sell it.
Be that as it may. It seems to mo
that there is great need for improve
ment at this particular corner. This
projection of the corner almost cuts off
the free passage of traffic,, from Mesa
into Broadway, and vice versa. It com
pels traffic to twist around those cor
ners in a snake-like and most danger
ous fashion, and it is really a -wonder
that serious accidents do not occur
there every week. As the city grows
and Broadway develops into an Im
portant business street this twisting
crossing will become more and more
congested and dangerous.
There can be no doubt that this
crossing will have to be straightened
some day, and it seems to me that
right now (before any permanent build
ing is-put up) is the best time to attend
to It. The projecting corner should
certainly be cut off, and It would be
better still to cut it 15 or 20 feet back
(west) of the original street line, as
that would make Mesa avenue and
Broadway almost a continuous street.
If anybody holds legal title to the pro
jecting part, it would be a good invest
ment for the city to buy all the ground
necessary. Adjoining business concerns
and property owners ought to be will
ing to pay a reasonable share for such
If anyone will go down to Texaa
street and place himself In front -of
Liightbody's store, he will at once per
ceive how ridiculous it Is to have that
corner blocking the street.
In course of time Mesa avenue and
Broadway to some cross street below
Third street will form the connecting
link for pleasure traffic between the
city's north side and Juarez. Yours for
helped them out At the end of nine
innings the game was called on account
of darkness, the score standing 23 to 23.
General Escobedo is expected tomor
row morning from Mexico City and will
be serenaded by the two bands now in
George F. Tilton. Capt. J. C. Beall.
John Julian and G. W. Davis left last r
night to represent El Paso commandery
K. T. at the convention of the grand
commandery in San Antonio next "Wed
nesday. Monday. Tuesday and "Wednesday of
next week the annual convention of
the members of the Texas press will
be held in El Paso. Capt. T. J. Beall
will deliver the address of welcome.
The Southern Pacific sold 40 tickets
last night for the K. T. convention at
There are several counterfeit dollars
in circulation in El Paso.
Tomorrow will be San Jacinto day.
The schools will be closed.
Metal market: Silver, 67?ic; lead,
$2.90; copper, lOc; Mexican pesos, 53c.
RBFER TO EL PASO?
From Houston (Tex.) Chronicle.
It should be too high a pleasure to
permit of the charging of money for
it. for Houston's pretty school teachers
to teach our own children, but when
one considers what they have to endure
from the children of our neighbors, it
is manifest that they are entitled to a
bulky raise in salary.
KEXO FOOLS PEOPLE.
From Mexico City (Mex.) El Trabajo.
It Is not bad will toward the owners
of the keno, nor pecuniary interest, nor
hatred toward things which the gov
ernment allows as lawful entertain
ments and which redound In benefit to
the municipal treasury, that has Impeled
a decent, methodical, decisive and mor
alizing campalgo against that kind of
lotteries, which appear lawful, but
which upon investigation, show a trap
to fool the people, and the authorities,
and to extract the money from the peo
ple and to perpetrate attempts against
the public anprals.
FIGHT FOR A COLLEGE.
Waco, Tex., April 20. The "Waco citi
zens' committee will this afternoon sud
mit to the Texas Christian University
trustees the city's offer to retain the
institution in "Waco. Dallas and Fort
"Worth are also trying to get the uni
versity. "Waco's offer is not divulged.
Famous Indian Dances b7
CEREMONIES MARKED BY REVELRY;
ENDURANCE TESTS AND TORTURE j
FOR more than a month the news of ? in& Quality that the young braves gen
the day has been enlivened with erally recovered within three or four
reports from different actions of v.eeks. If during -this torture there
the country recounting feats of endur- k"as any outcry of pain on the part of
.iTi cnnH 'Arnratimn .bn" inihe sufferer he was released and sent
nhinh -n, orc;i,nrMn morrc r.r- oaM
to have danced from eight to 15 hours
continuously. In more than one In
stance the police have interfered. Bui
how trivial seem these efforts when
compared .with the truly remarkable
feats of endurance performed by the
Indian braves of the plains! For the
Sioux, the Cheyenne and the Arapahoe
tribes a dance of 75 hours was not an
infrequent event in the old days jshen
the Indians were allowed to celebrate
j their victories in orgies of blood and
One Dnuce Only a Memory.
-The most striking of all indian dances
is known as the "Medicine Dance," 'which
now has passed into history. Originally
the medicine man, or doctor, was the
dictator of these dances. Usually about
once a year he sent out his call to the
warriors of the tribe naming those in
dividuals whom he wished to dance in
this ceremony of divination, for the
medicine dance -was not a ceremony of
devotion, but rather a sort of American
"Delphic Oracle" to determine what
( were to be the fortunes of war, the state
of the crops and the health of the tribe.
WHen all the warrior dancers were
assembled they marched to the Hooh-e-a-yum,
or lodge of the cottonwood poles,
beneath which a circle of about 20 feet
in diameter was roped off. The dancers
assembled in this ring. Then began the
beating of the tom-toms and the indians,
slowlj' hopping from one foot to the
other, began to make the circuit of the
central pole, from which was suspended
a two-facejl image, one of the faces
representing the "Bad Medicine" and the
other representing the "Good Medicine."
A "Relay" Dance.
During the dance the women and chil
dren of the village would gather around
the roped circle and shout encourage
ment to the dancers- After about 10 or
12 hours of this -ordeal the dancers
I would begin to drop from exhaustion.
As soon as a warrior was overcome he
would be seized by the feet and dragged
from the circle. The medicine man
would bend over him, anl paint symbolic
figures over his body, which was al
.ways naked except for the breech clout.
If these symbols did not revive him he
was hauled from beneath the lodge and
water was thrown in his face. This usu
ally caused the warrior to revive and
he would be ordered back Into the cir
cle to continue the dance unless the
medicine man could be persuaded by
the members of the dancer's family,
through the gift of ponies, blankets or
beads, to allow him to retire.
Few "Went the Limit.
It is estimated that ordinarily, if 100
warriors were in a dance, 50 would drop
out before the end of 30 hours, and an
other 25 by the end of the 4Sth hour.
Usually from 10 to 15 survived to the
fourth day, or the 73th hour. During
this long period there was no rest, no
sleep, no eating and no drinking. No
warrior was ever required to perform
the medicine dance "a second time, how
ever. Usually one dancer was selected-
for every 100 Inhabitants.
After the waning of the power of the
medicine man these dances were con
tinued but the participants -were al
ways volunteers and these were con
fined to young men who -were anxious
to impress some of the young women of
the tribe with their prowess, or some
warrior who wanted to do penance for
a supposed transgression, or else some
person anxious to propitiate the evil
spirit and restore the health of some
member of his family. Usually the vol'
unteers were the young bucks who join
ed in the ceremony chiefly because
was "the thing to do" fashionable, iD
After the dances there were thf self-
inflicted tortures of the young men of j
the tribe who were anxious to be en
rolled as fullfledged warriors. These
ordeals were truly remarkable. A lad of
16 would be examined by the medicine
man and there would be a council to de
termine haw much torture he ought to
be able to endure. He would lay bare
his breast and the medicine man, armefl
with a broad bladed knife would make
two Incisions in each breast, about one.
Inch apart and about four Inches longr
jliic iiesii ana muscie Tvouia oe lifted
u,i. aiuiu me Done, ana Deneatn tnese
two strips would be passed a horsehair
rope, about three-quarters of an inch
in circumference. Then, fastened by hi
own flesh the young man would be
tied to the top of the central pole of
the lodge, with about 10 feet of play,
wiu wuuiq De required to remain there
until he could tear himself loose.
Sometimes if the youth Tvere particu
larly robust he would be suspended
three or four feet above the ground and
would be required to remain until
through his own exertions or the soften
ing of the tissues, he was able to hrwir
the cords of flesh and muscle. No food
or water was given to the would be war
riors during this ordeal. As soon as they
succeeded in breaking loose the victims
usually plunged into a river or lake to
cool their fevered flesh, and after this
their wounds were dressed by the medi
Herbs 3Iot Virtuon.
The herbs used were of such a heal-
measures for their own safety and pro- j
'The first Mexican demonstration
against the colonists oc-urred at G6n- j
zalez, which, invested by Castoenado
witn a large well drilled rorce. was ably
and gallantly defended by Capt. Albert
Martin. Once engaged in the contest,
the colonists, earnest, rr-srgetlc, Inde
fatigable, gained recruits from all
quarters, and soon their beacon Sights
were seen from the Sabine to the Rio
Grande. Emboldened by success at
Gonzalez, they prepared to attack Go
liad and San Antonio.
"Milam, the JLwo BoWJec, Fannin,
Travis, Crockett, joined the Colonial
army about this time, and sacrificing
their lives for Texas Independence,
gained imperishable glory, in October
Capt. Collingsworth attacked and took
Goliad, securing much needed supplies.
On December 5, Col. Milam, with about
300 followers, attacked San Antonio,
garrisoned by Gen. Coss with a large
well equipped Mexican rorce, and after a
desperate struggle, lasting eight days,
forced his surrender.
"The Mexican loss was heavy. The
American loss slight, but among their
dead was the brave, lamented Milam.
Coss, promising not to further molest
TUNDonflV HiisisyrnsDy nr Trvip
! away in disgrace, thenceforth to be
known as a 'woman man." and anade to
do work of women. Such a man was
never allowed to marry or hold prop
erty. Sioux's Famous Pirouetting.
The medicine dance among the Sioux
indians was known as the sun dance.
j In all of the indian dances there is
practically no variety, in the movement
of the legs. The feet are kept -close to
gether and the whole .weight rests upon
the ball of the foot, the heels being
free from the ground. There is a ris
ing and falling of the shoulders to the
beating of the tom-toms. This form of
exercise is particularly trying on the
I muscles of the calves of the legs and
while an indian can keep up the move
ment all, night and seem perfectly fresh
in the morning a white man Is utterly
exhausted at the end of half an hour of
this sort of exertion.
Semfcioles's Noted Dunces.
From the time when "David danced
before the Lord," dancing has been an
Important part in religious observances
of every race, and student of customs
even trace the rising or kneeling for
prayer on the part of Christians as an
embryonic, or perhaps more properly a
decadent, form of dancing. At any
rate, the indians had many forms of re
ligious dances, one of the most interest
ing being the green corn dance of the
Florida Semlnoles. In many respects
this dance seems to link the red man
with the Greeks and Romans of 3000
years ago when harvest time was cele
brated -with the dance to Cerelia. fol
lowed by the orgies devoted to "Venus.
Danced Before "War.
One of the most gre-ssome of all in
dian ceremonies is the scalp dance, now
practically unknown. "Warriors return
ing with their bloody trophies retired
to a place near the village and stretched
the skins from the heads of their vic
tims around the edge of hoops. "Willow 1
poles 10 or 12 feet long were then
stripped and the hoops tied to the ends
of these, after "which the warriors march
ed Into the village, set their poles up
right in a circle and began their weir?
hopping dance about the gory trophies,
keeping time to the tom-toms. As the
dance proceeded the warriors would,
grow wild with the thought of the bat
tle and each man in turn would nar
rate the story of his combat, all the
time going through the most extrava
Hosts Often Bankrupted.
Among the most curious customs of
the Indians were the "begging dances."
These were really civilization's old
fashioned surprise parties, and the par
ticipants were two tribes recently
at war with each other but at peacewhen
the dance took place. The surprising
tribe would swoop down upon the
friendly village with every evidence of
hostility, and the surprised tribe often
was at a loss to know the intention of
the visitors until they assembled in the
1 center of the village and began their
dance. Thea the unwilling hosts assem
bled around the performers who from
time to time darted out and embraced
the onlookers. Each hose so -embraced-
was in duty bound to bestow up'on thej
aancing visitor some present, xnese nag
ging dances practically bankrupted the
hosttribe, for it was a point of honor
that the beggars should be royally re
warded. During the dry season on the plains,
which frequently extends over a period
of eight months, social dances are much
in vogue among the tribes, mere some
times being as many as five a nveek.
These dances have been compared to
our awn favor germans. The entertain
ments are never formal. A youth will
begin to pound upon a tom-tom at dusk
and the guests begin to assemble at his
family's teepe. The men drift in together
by ones and twos and take their seats
at one end of the teepe and the women
assemble in the same manner.
After all are assembled the drum is
struck by one of the young bucks, and
all the other dancing men, grouped
around the drum, "begin to beat time
with drumsticks about two feet long.
a Grand Right and Left.
Then one of the girls .will rise and go
to the group of men taking
Dy the hand. They will go
to the center of the teepe and begin to
F dance with their arms about each other,
Uuuch. as the white man .does in his
1 round dance. Finally thev separate and
I the girl chooses another man and the
! man another girl, both of the new
dancers joining each other in the center,
of the teepe and continuing.
Kisslnjr Germs "Sot Feared.
In the "kissing dance" the fun is In
creased because each girl has to kiss
her partner. "White men who attend
these dances are often selected to take
part in the "kissing" feature and the
only way in which they can avoid pay
ing the forfeit is to give the chooser
something, usually a nickel. As soon
as it is discovered, however, that the
victim is "willing to pay for his release
he is chosen each time and a pocketfull
Qf small coins is barely sufficient for
the osculatory favors showered upon
Tomorrow Making a Garden.
the colonists and to exert himself to al-
lay hostile feelings, was allowed to Te-
turn with his troops to Mexico, but once
across the Rio Grande, he ignored his
parole, and., actively enlisting recruits.
fomented bitter enmity
"News of Immense preparations for I
invading Texans reached the colonists, i
Santa Ana, president of the Mexican re
public, took active command of the
army of S00O regulars, well drilled and
equipped, and which, officered by
skilled, experienced commanders, had
been ordered to rendezvous February 1.
He crossed the Rio Grande on the 12th..
on the 23d reached the Alizan Heights
overlooking the valley and city of San
Antonio, and reviewed hi troops, ex
pecting by the Imposing display artil
lery, cavalry, infantry, all In dashing
uniforms, maneuvering, with bands
playing and banners flying to strike
terror into the hearts of the small,
miserably equipped Colonial garrison.
The Alamo iSHttle.
"The Texans, .numbering 150, and
commanded by Travis, after some tri
fling street and suburban skirmishes,
retreated to the fortress of the Alamo)
and prepared for a long, desperate'
siege, determined to make a brave de
fence and conquer or die. At midnight, J
March 6, Santa Ana, with 4000 picked
men, surrounded the fort, intending to
take it by storm at no matter what cost.
The infantry surrounded the walls, the
cavalry was placed outside for the
double purpose of forcing the infantry
to advance and of preventing the
Texans from escaping.
"Twice repulsed in attempting to scale
the walls of the fort, pressure from, be-
I trrirrl inrt finrillv. mnrlflrip1 htr havniwi
i "' - rf .. -. i.
pricks, they mounted the ladders and,
like sbep fell over the walls in the
midst of the besieged. Then commenced
the fiercest, bloodiest onslaught; the
noblest, most heroic defence; the clos
est, deadliest struggle, recorded in his
'Travis fell, encouraging ytfth his
failing breath his devoted comrades.
Bowie and Crocket fell amid a heap of
bleeding Mexicans each one having
slain four or five assailants. "Capt.
Evans fell while firing a 'train to blow
up the fort, and. of the 150 brave men
who stood- up that morning to battle
for . liberty and. independence, all lay
cold in death. Thermopylae had her
messenger of defeat, the Alamo not one.
"Santa Ana denied the rudest form of
sepulture to these noble martyrs and
their bodies, gathered and pHed up by
his order, were covered with lime
and burned, their ashes betng scattered
""Whether Travis had surrendered or
not was questioned at the time, but the
opinion prevailed that, knowing with,
whom he had to deal, he neither asked
for, norexpected mercy. The massacre
of Fannin and his men at Goliad, and
of King's party at Refugio, though
both had surrendered, and had been
promised the treatment awarded pris
oners of war, succeeded the fall of the
Alamo. Fannin and King had been or
dered by Houston, who had been ap
pointed by the provisional government
of Texaa commanderinchief of the Co
lonial army, to join his command but
hoping to maintain their positions 'they
delayed executing the order until too
"Santa Ana, elated by these victories,
marched westward, insolently boasting
that he would not leave an Anglo
American in Texas, and"that Houston
and his army would be even more sum
marily dealt with than Travis, Fanning
or King. He crossed tne Brazos April
12, and reached Synch's Ferry on the
San Jacinto, April 21, having burned" in
passing several Texas villages and set
tlements. He had an able, experienced
staff and 1500 well armecr, well drilled
.men. Houston's army, numbering 7S3.
had halted in a grove about a mile from
Lynch s Ferry. Expecting a Mexican
attack, he made a speedy but careful
disposition of his force, assigning to
each division its proper place, and to
each soldier his ailoted duty. His men
undaunted by tneir Inferior numbers
and burning to avenge their murdered
comrades, awaited impatiently the sig
nal to move.
"At 3 p. m. the officers were ordered
to parade. The First regiment, 'under
CoL Burleson, occupied the center: the
Second, under Col. Sherman, formed the
left wing; the artillery, under Col
Hockley, were on Burleson's right, four
infantry companies, under Col. Millard
supported the artillery, and the cavalry'
under Col. Lamar, formed the extreme'
'Houston had lately visited a friend
whose pretty yiung daughter had a
sweet.musical voice. She sang Jor him
to a guitar accomrjanimeRt a rro
I f sonff' one of yrhlch deeply Impressed
. xw ua.iS it rang m his ears all
,re seemIn swell the chorus:
WiUyOU COme to the hmrr T !,,.--
shaded, for yo&3' r
Music for tke Attarfc
4.' "P611 the order to Parade was given
the bandmaster asked what -air he
wished played, and Houston promptlr
replied: 'Will you come to- the boer
i have prepared for your The Mexi
cans began the attack, the Texans
cahnly received the first fire, thea; when
ordered to charge, the watchword Re
member the Alamo was shouted along
tne linet and such was the force of the
appeal, such the ferocious; desperate
rage it aroused, that in less than 30
minutes the Mexicans, completers- rout-
I.16? in dismaF- A Texas private
"T remember a headlong rush, for
ward, then an Insatiate craving to kill
ano a passionate delight on seeing
every bullet take effect, and the Mex
cans, like cornstalks m a nuxrlcane.
blown to the ground.' "
Houston lost two killed, 25 wounded,
no prisoners: Santa Ana 600 killed 26S
Superintendent of MQitary
lastitiite to Act Jointly
With. Owen P. White.
Judge "Walthall has appointed Owen
P. White receiver of the El Paso Mili
tary Institute company, to act jointly
with Capt. Thomas A. Davis, the super
intendent of the institute. The request
for the receiver was made by Capt.
Davis himself, as a stockholder, and
was deemed best to ask the court to pro
The object of the receivership is to
facilitate a readjustment of the finan
cial affairs of the school. Large sums
are due the company on stock sub
scriptions and tuition and board bills,
and it will take a little time to collect
all the accounts. Meantime some of
the creditors have been pressing for
money and threatening suit, so that it
was demed best to ask the court to pro
tect all creditors equally with all tiie
investors and stockholders by conserv
ing the assets and business of tho
The assets of the company are more
than d6uble the liabilities, and as soon
as the collections can be made the un
secured debt will be taken care of and
the receivership dissolved.
Under the order of the court the
school will continue without the slight
est interruption under the present sup
erintendent and all current expenses
will be provided for as they arise. The
actual operations of the school have
been profitable from the opening day
out more capital will probably be re-
quired to complete the buildings and
equipment according to the needs of
the large student body.
Following the appointment of Owen
"White as receiver, Mary !L. Springer
executrix of the Springer estate, filed
suit in the 34th district court Wednes
day morning to recover from the insti
tute on two notes.
The receiver has already taken full
charge of the finances and business op
erations of the school.
KENTUCKY BA'KEIt 15
KILLED BY SOIVIXLAW.
Berea, Kj April 30. Walking into
his durg store and taking his place at
the cigar counter, Samuel Welch, presi
dent of the Berea National bank, wrj
assassinated last night, five shots being
fired Into bis body.
Grover Fish, his soninlaw, surren
dered and admitted killing Welch, but
refused to discuss the matter.
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