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3Jsr(il HKSSsrc' 5,. -Safin .r.... .. M"ijV7gkjjref r t i i i . SXgSSSf'Sm Wr fislHBfcfc-- h mni i ilBWnrirMTTIIWM f 1 33?w Cj0' t m By CHARLES N. LURIE. TO try to tell what the aviators are going to uo next is like trying- to reach a roof from the ground for a better view the moment a cry of "Here he conies!" announces the approach of one of the man birds. By the time you get where there is an unobstructed view the flier Is gone. The air records are falling so fast nowadays much faster and more frequently than the men who make them that any prediction is open to serious objection that It will be out of date by the time it gets into print. "With these words of explanation, or possibly of apology, let us assert that the great aerial event toward which the persons interested in flying, which means the whole world, are looking is the race between St. Louis and New York over a 1,000 mile course for a prize of $30,000 offered by the New York "World and the St. Louis Post Dispatch. Of scarcely less Interest is the projected Chicago-New Tork flight of about 960 miles for a $25,000 prize offered by the New Tork Times and the Chicago Evening Post. In addi tion to these there are the "Washington-New Tork race, the Detroit-Buffalo flight, the Kansas City-St. Louis contest and many others. The total of the prizes offered by the cities and the newspapers is large enough to bring to America the most famous of the old world's aviators, as well as to engage the attention of our own best men, especially since the vacation of hS33A'Cj ioms PAULHAN P2amg $&b&r6r- yc"v -S5 r s.Sei SSVSi SiSS?. kpzz&rzT &&:SfetTr''.-' $1 ...L .."v4 the temporary "Wright injunctions left the foreigners free to come. Among those who are interested in , Charles K. Hamilton, whose aerial journey from New York to Philadel phia and back gave assurance that such these imagination compelling contests j trips can be made hereafter on schedule are the aviators who have recently time; Charles S. Rolls, the Englishman brought the world to a realization of ; who flew across the English channel to the fact that the flying machine has France, turned in the air and returned come to take its place among the ( without alighting to England; Louis world's commonplaces with wireless Paulhan, who flew from London to telegraphy, radium, the X rays, the ( Manchester for a $50,000 prize and who telephone and other inventions. They i held until recently the world's record are Glenn H. Curtiss, who made the ' for height attained in an aeroplane; air trip from Albany to New York; , Grahame White, the plucky English man who tried so hard to win the London-Manchester contest and failed be held abroad. in the United States and No state or county affair is only after he had gone the limit of considered up to date now unless it present endurance in the air; the ' announces as a part of its list of at "Wrights, pioneer flyers, who have held i tractions aerial flights by one or more steadfastly to their view that flying of the world's flyers. Of course the is with them a business proposition, j flyers come high no pun Intended not a sport, and have heretofore re- j but the fairs must have them or be fused to engage In merely spectacular j considered hopelessly behind the tests, although permitting the entry of ' times. The old fashioned balloon as their machines under the operation of j cension cannot draw a crowd now others. All these and others of na- i adays, so the fair authorities are fall Uonal and international fame have" ex-J ing over one another In their en pressed their intense interest in the , deavors to get the aviators. The sup coming contests and have asserted ' ply of flyers is limited, although it is their belief that the prizes offered are growing every day, so the men who well worth consideration. ' are able to travel in three dimensions In addition to these great events on j instead of two are taking advantage the future programs of the aviators of their opportunities and demanding there are numerous smaller affairs to ' stiff prices for their -work. Any one- who has seen them perform their dar ing feats In the air will agree that al most any price Is too low for the risks they run. The 1910 International avia tion meet, which will be the greatest ever held, will" take place on Long Is land in October. It was brought to this country by Glenn H. Curtiss vic tory at P.helms, France, last year. New Laws Necessary. "With the extension of flying over the world's civilized countries has come the discussion of rules for the govern ment of the flyers when they are in the air. The subject Is still in the tenta tive state, but there has been enough interest manifested in the matter to make it certain that the near future will see the promulgation of a set of rules agreed to by the world's most famous flyers. Speaking on this sub ject recently. Mr. Frederic R. Coudert, recently returned from a visit to France, said: "The presence of so many flying ma chines in France and the complaints of owners of property that aviators are flying over gardens and thus In truding Into private ' domains has caused the calling of a commission of prominent lawyers. "They have had operators of aero planes perform before them, flying both low and high, in order to de termine what height is proper. Count Lambert has been one of these dem onstrators. Of course there are prop erty owners who assert that their rights extend far up Into the sky, but to recognize such rights would mean a stop to all aviation. ' "There is not the slightest doubt that a mean height will be determined and that France will be,, the pioneer country in the framing of laws to ap ply to tracks in the sky. Property rights will have to be protected. The Frenchman's garden, with Its high wall, has. been considered safe from prying eyes outside, but now with an aviator swooping near with his ma chine well, something must and will be done." HAMLIN GARLAND, CONSERVATIONIST W 'HEN the history of the movement for the con servation of the natural resources of the nation is written high on the roll of honor of the men engaged in the fight on the right side, with those of Roosevelt, Pinchot and others will be that of a teller of tales, Hamlin Garland. The country contains nc more en thusiastic believer in the west, "the new west," and its future than Mr. Garland. His devotion to the cause of Intelligent conservation of our mines and forests, our fields and plains, our men and women, requires no explana tion. For years in his books and on the lecture platform he has been Dreaching the gospel of the mission of the west to regenerate, to maintain the nation. In his latest book, "Cavanagh; Forest Ranger," he carries his propa ganda a step farther and comes out openly and boldly without reserve in support of the Pinchot forest policy. In the mouth of the hero of the book, Ross Cavanagh, the author puts the words: "I am glad to be known as a de fender of the forest. A tree means much to me. I never mark one for felling without a sense of responsi bility for the future." j J.t Is this "sense of responsibility for the future" frankly avowed, together with a most Interesting story of life In the new west, that makes up the body of Mr. Garland's latest book. In it he devotes considerable space not to the detriment of the book as a study, how ever to a defense and an exposition of the forest preservation theories of Gifford Pinchot, the recently dismissed chief forester. The latter Is depicted j as the idol of the body of strong, able, i clean living young men whom he I trained in the forest service, and his dismissal from the service Is described as a severe blow to the personnel of the service. Mr. Pinchot contributes a preface to the book. For a score of years Mr. Garland has been known to the public through his writing and his lectures, as an ardent believer in America's future. In a book" published sixteen years ago he said: "There is coming in this land the mightiest assertion in art of the rights of man and the glory of the physical universe ever made in the world. It will be done not by one man, but by many men and women. It will be born not of drawing room culture nor of Imitation nor of fear of masters, nor will it come from homes of great wealth. It will come from the average American home In the city as well as In the country. It will deal with all ' kinds and conditions. It will be born ' of the mingling seas of men in the vast interior of America, because there the problem of the perpetuity of our democracy, the question of the liberty as well as the nationality of our art, will be fought out." Some idea of the intense, enthusias tic Americanism of the man may be gained from the excerpt just given. He sculptor, Lorado Taft, and herself a sculptor and art critic of note. The i Garlands make their home In Chicago, j but the writer cultivates in the sum has lived his life up to the present . the Gray Horse Troop," "Ulysses Grant" ' mer his farm in Wisconsin, time in harmony with his beliefs. The (a biography) and "Prairie Songs" From his earliest years Mr. Gar half century that has passed since his ' (verse). He was educated in the com- land manifested an interest in the In- AMEHICA DEVELOPS VIOLIN GENIUS birth on a farm at West Salem, Wis., has served onlj' to deepen and broaden in him the development of a belief in America, Its institutions and its re sources, its men and women and its mon schools of Mitchell county, la., and was graduated In the literary course of the Cedar- Valley seminary, Osage, la., in 18S1. After teaching school in the west for a short time and future, and he has expressed his be- farming a claim in Dakota he went to lief well in his writings and lectures. Boston and began to earn his living by More than twenty books from his pen his writings. In 1S93 Mr. Garland re bear witness to his industry. ' turned to the west and has remained Among the best known of the Gar- there save for the time he has spent land books are "Rose of Dutchers in traveling. He was married in 1899 CoolesV "Hesper," "The Captain of ' to Zulime Taft, a sister of the famous . dian tribes, and he has made extensive researches into their nistory, ethnology and present conditions. His activity in their behalf led to his selection sev eral years ago by President Roosevelt as a commissioner to investigate the practicability of renaming all the In dians of the United States, the plan being to give them family names so that any rights they possess in the land might be defined and respected and, perhaps, perpetuated. K" Tii,Ynar(iiri-ii-iiii i'ivi til q-'t' ' " ' """ ikmiw,i.)wiir hitiT'i'i' i T '"rrr rn 'irtTrriwrrnTif r J --fri i (.lHjL HAMLIN GARLAND IN HIS CABIN. ECOGNITION at twenty-one as the greatest living Ameri can violinist, worthy to rank with Kreisler, Ysaye, Kube- lik, the European masters of the bow such is the happj distinction that has come to Albert Spalding of Chicago, who has beeris entrancing Europeans with his skill on his beautiful instru ment. Spalding returned early in June from a long sojourn in Europe, where he won many plaudits, to spend this summer at Monmouth Beach, N. J., with his family and will go back to the old world in the autumn to begin his 1910-11 concert tour of the European capitals. Whether or not Spalding is the "future Paganini," as one of his ardent admir ers called him, is a matter of possible future revelation. In one respect at least Spalding resembles the famous virtuoso of a century ago that is. In the instant recognition his genius has won from the critics of foreign lands. As Paganini toured Europe, meeting with appreciation of his genius wher ever he went, so Spalding has been hailed in Europe as one of the great est of living violinists. France, Eng land, Germany, Russia, all have paid tribute to his mastery of technique and the wonderful, incescribable ap peal of his tone to the musician and the lay hearer. Throughout there has been but very little unfavorable criti cism, and whatever carping of this sort has found its way into print has Invariably been modified by words of warmest praise. Probably never be fore in the history of American music though that has been lamentably brief and undistinguished has an in strumentalist from this country met with so favorable a reception by the critics of the old world. Spalding recently concluded a tour on the continent. He will tour Europe again in the musical season of 1910 11 and will visit America during the season of 1911-12. His triumphs abroad insure him an ovation in his native land, where he has appeared before In concerts. Some extracts from the French critics' comments on his playing read as follows: "He has classed himself among the greatest violinists of the age." "Qualities which we noted were suffi cient to class the vlolinJst among the greatest." ' "Albert Spalding Is one of the best ' violinists of our epoch." American critics have been equally enthusiastic over their young com- patriot. When he played in concert In 1908 in Carnegie hall, in New York, ' Reginald De Koven, the famous com poser and musical critic, said: "I saw a clean cut, almost typical American youth, good to look upon, without the smallest pose or affecta tion in hair or manner, evidently artis tic, as evidently whole souled and sincere. Then he played, and I heard what I must consider violin playing of a high order, distinguished by great finish, refinement and elegance of style rather than by force or great breadth, yet displaying rare artistic intelligence and sympathy in conception. Spald ing's tone is singularly clear and even, sweet and penetrating, with the sheen and luster of a rich satin rather than the robust sonority of a Wilhelmj or Ysaye. His instrument has evidently no technical secrets for him, whether in bowing, double stopping, octave fore her marriage. A few years ago she said to an interviewer: "At the very first, when he was a ' little bit of a fellow, two or three years old, and he would sit so quietly and patiently beside me while I played the piano, I used to assure myself it wriS because he loved me. It seemed in credible that a child so young could be appealed to so strongly by music fefeMiS ALBERT SPALDING. passages or rarely pure harmonics. Al together Mr. Spalding must be credit ed with a distinct success on his mer its as an artist, and there seems no reason why maturity and deeper ex perience of life should not develop what is now remarkable talent into commanding genius." That was a year and a half ago. Eu ropean critics before whom Spalding has played since the time when that criticism was penned agree that Spald ing's playing now shows greater ma turity of tone, more commanding per sonal force, more ripening into genius of the talent which De Koven noted. Spalding's music comes to him nat urally, by inheritance from his moth er. She was a finished musician be- Then I was so anxious, so fairly wild for him to love It, that I used to try to argue myself out of the belief that there was anything phenomenal about his evident passion for it. I was dreadfully afraid of getting my hopes up only to suffer disappointment. "When Albert was seven years old we had returned one afternoon from a concert. He was very quiet and seem ed to be thinking. Suddenly he said, "Mother, I would like a violin.' Of course I was amazed. He was so young to say such a thing. 'You could not play it. my son. If you had it,' I told him, but he answered: 'Yes, I could. I could learn. Well, as it turned out, he got the violin That is just about all there is to tell."