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El Paso herald. (El Paso, Tex.) 1901-1931, September 05, 1910, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of North Texas; Denton, TX

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88084272/1910-09-05/ed-1/seq-2/

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Aileen Berg s
II Welcome
(Continued From Page One.
lit DILL IHIII HI 111 lilt ItAHS
- nniinniinp rn uion itp nnnuiPiriRip
Riilt iii'.in -"sis n m . n Ps insisis im
iiniuiuituu uu imnu, siu i iiuiiuiuiiu
done by the wage workers in coopera
tion with one another, and what can be
done by government that is. by the
instrument through; whichTLll the peo
ple work collectively.
In Favor of Unions.
"Wages and other most important
conditions of employment must remain
largely outside of government control;
must be left for adjustment by free
contract between employers and wage
earners, 'subject to legislation which
will prevent conditions which compel
man or woman to accept wages repre
senting less than will ensure decent
living. But to attempt to leave this '
I merely to individual action means the'
absolute destruction of individualism;
for where the individual is so weak
that he, perforce, has to accept what
ever a strongly organized body chooses
to give him, his individual liberty be
comes a mere sham and mockery. It
is indispensablj- necessary, in order to
preserve to the largest degree our sys
tem of individualism, that there should
, be effective and organized collective
I action. The wage earners must act
JVfiiiklJ', ullUUgil Lilt) piuucss VI. UU11CVI"
ness men; dishonest men of great
wealth and dishonest poor men; and the
j man who is a genuine reformer will
decline to single out any oie type for
exclusive denunciation, but will fear
lessly attack the dishonest man as such,
whenever and wherever he is to bo
found. But no movement no leader
shiphowever earnest and honest, can
endure unless the rank and file live up
to their duties, and search for such
leadership and support it when they
find it.
The Stny-nt-ITomes.
"If the best man in a labor union
leaves its management and control to
men of a poorer type, the effect will
be just as disastrous as when good cit
izens in a city follow the same cours
as regards city government. The stay-at-home
man in a union Is just as much
responsible for the sins of omission
and commission of his organization as
the stay-at-home man in a city is for
civic conditions under which he suffers
and about which he complains.
"All that can properly be done should probably not much better and certainly
be done by us all to help upward the no -worse continually fail to give us
standard of living. It is a shocking in- j the results we have a right to expect
Passed to Catch the Interna
tional & Great Northern,
But Will Affect All Rail
road Securities.
Austin, Texas, Sept. 5. The bill that
legalizes unsecured claims on railroads
"when in receivership hands, passed by
tlie legislature with the necessary two
thirds majority to put it Into effect im
mediately upon the governor's signa
ture, has caused a sensation. No meas
ure considered at this special session of
the legislature aroused more Interest
among the railroads and outside in
vestors in these properties than the one
in question.
"While the bill was aimed specifically
at the international & Great Northern,
which has about $1,500,000 of unsecured
claims, exclusive of about $4,000,000
loaned it by the Goulds, outstanding
gainst it, its provisions are of-general
application. It is not improbable that
other Texas railroads will ,have to un
dergo the process of reorganization in
order to conform to the stock and bond
law when their present outstanding
excessive bond issues mature, in which
event they may have to follow the re
ceivership course and find themselves in,
the same predicament that the Interna
tional & Great Northern Is now in
volved. At any rate, the bill was vigorously
opposed by the general attorneys of all
the principal railroads of the state. The
assertion was freely made by the op
ponents of the measure that its enact
ment Into law would put a stop to rail
road construction in- Texas and would
be a serious blow to other investments
in this state.
There was a general feeling on the
pert of members of the legislature
and others thfwt the International &
Great Northern should be made to pay
its unsecured debts. A large part of
the $1,500,000 outstanding against it
are affirmed judgments in personal in
jury cases. A considerable amount of
other damage claims and labor ac
counts is embraced in the total.
Origin of the Pleasure.
This piece of legislation had -its ori
gin over differences that arose some
time ago between the state railroad
commission and the International &
Great Northern as to a revaluation of
the property ofHhe latter as a basis
for a new bond issue under the propos
ed reorganization! The issue which the
road proposed to order to cover its In
debtedness was about $13,000,000 in ex
cess of the valuation placed upon the
property by the railroad commission.
The road claims that unless the com
mission grants it, the necessary author
ity to Issue bonds to cover its indebted
ness, it is unable to meet Its unsecured
claims. The commission, on the other
hand, takes the position that its valua
tion of the road's property is Just and
It is considered doubtful that this dif
ference as to the proper valuation o
the property for bonding purposes that
existed between the railroad and the
commission would have caused legisla
tion on the subject had not certain dam
age suit lawyers over the state pur
chased big amounts of the outstanding
unsecured claims against the road, and,
seeing little prospect of these debts be
ing paid, led in an agitation for the en
actment of a law legalizing such claims.
Text of the Measure
The text of the measure pass"ed by the
legislature Is as follows:
"In case of the sale of the property
and franchises of a railroad company,
whether by virtue of an execution order
of sale, deed of trust, or any other pow
er or by a receiver acting under judg
ments, heretofore or to be hereafter
rendered by any court of competent
Jurisdiction, the purchaser or purchas
ers at such sale, and associates, if any,
shall acquire full title to such property
and franchises with full power to main
tain and operate the railroad and other
property incident to it under the re
strictions imposed by law; provided,
however, that said purchaser or purchasers,-
and associates, if any, shall not
he deemed and taken to be the owners
of the charter of the railroad company
and corporators under the same, nor
vested with the powers, rights, privile
ges and benefits of such charter owner
ship, as If they were the original
corporators of said company, unless
the purchaser or purchasers, and asso
ciates, if any, shall agree to take and
hold said property and franchises
charged with, and subject to the pay
ment of, all subsisting liabilities and
claims for death and for personal ln-
Important to All Women
Readers of This Paper ; 1
Thousands upon thousands of women 3
have kidney or bladder trouble and
never suspect It. , B
"Women's complaints often prove to be j
nothing else but kidney trouble, or the
result of kidney or bladder 'disease.
If the kidneys are not in a healthy
condition, they may cause the other
organs to become diseased.
You may suffer a great deal with
pain In the back, bearing-down feelings,
headache and loss of ambition.
Poor health makes you nervous, irrit- I
able and may be despondent; It makes
any one so. j
But thousands of irritable, nervous, j
tired and, broken down women have re- !
stored their health and strength by the j
use of Swamp-Root, the great Kidney, J
Liver and Bladder Remedy. i
bwamp-Root brings new life and ac- A
untj iu liic ivlUi.it;,) a, 111c cnuau vij. dui"
Many send for a sample bottle to see
what Swamp-Root, the great Kidney,
Liver and Bladder Remedy will do for
them. Every reader of this paper, who
has not already tried it, may address
Dr. Kilmer & Co., Binghamton, N. T.,
and receive sample botle free Dy mail.
Tou can purchase the regular fifty-cent
and one-dollar size bottles at all drug
I" M-J . f jn-M
S3 4i "?e- C If
Uiljy ieil f
railroad by the company and by any Ire bargaining, in great industrial en- j SS?11 of ur indust rial condition to f rom their efforts, we may just as well
receiver thereof, and for loss of and terprises. Only thus can they be put
damage to property sustained in the j upon a plane of economic equality with
operation of the railroad by the compa
ny and by any receiver thereof, and for
the current expenses of such operation,
including labor, supplies and repairs;
provided, that all such subsisting claims
their corporate employers.
"Only thus is freedom made a real
thing and not a mere legal fiction.
There are occasionar occupations where
this Is not necessary, but speaking
and liabilities shall have accrued within ' broadly, it is necessary throughout the
two years prior to the beginning of the
receivership resulting in the sale of
said property and franchises be sold
otherwise than under receivership pro
ceedings, unless suit was pending on
such claimSsand liabilities when the re
ceiver was appointed or when the
sale was made, in which event claims
and liabilities, which suits were so
pending, shall be protected hereby as
though accruing within the two years;
such agreement to be evidenced by an
instrument in writing signed and ac
knowledged by said purchaser or pur
chasers, and associates, if any, and filed
in the office of the secretary of state of
the state of Texas; and provided, furth
er, that such charter, together with the
powers, rights, privileges and benefits
thereof shall pass to said purchaser or
purchasers, and associates, if any, sub
ject to the terms, provisions. restric
tions and limitations, imposed and to
be imposed by law; and, provided furth-
el,TKLtill hn?n all other forms of human
-. ...W. AUU.J W VU .Ato-1" OU.XU 1 VW
ty and franchises after the sale there
of as well as the manner of issuance
of said stocks and bonds, shall be fixed,
determined and' regulated by the rail
road commission of Texas, at its dis
cretion, save that the total incum
brance secured by lien on said property
and franchises shall not exceed the
amount allowed under the stock and
bond law.
All Liabilities "Strut Be Paid. '
"In case of any sale heretofore or
hereafter made of the property and
franchises of a railroad dompany with
in this state, the purchaser or purchas
ers thereof, and associates, if any, shall
great world of organized industry. 3
believe this practice of collective bar
gaining, effective only through sucb
organizations as the trades unions, to
have been one of the most potent forces
in the past century in promoting- the
progress of the wage earners and in
securing larger social progress for hu
manity, wherever there is organized
capital on a considerable scale. 1 be
lieve in the principle of organized la
bor and in the practice of collective
bargaining, not merely as a desirable
thing for the wage earners, but as
something which has been demonstrat
ed to be essential in the long run to
their permanent progress.
Labor Organizations "Weak.
"This does not mean that I unequiv
ocally endorse any or all practices that
labor organizations may happen to
adopt, or any or all principles that they
may choose to enunciate. Labor organ
izations have the weakness and defects
be told in a matter of course way in a make un our minds that the fault lies.
government report that thousands or ( not in their personality, but in the con-
workers in this country are compelled I dltlons under which they work, and
to toil every day in the weeic without , profit comes, not from denouncing them,
organization. Sometimes they act very
well and sometimes they act very bad
ly; and I am for them when they act
well; and I am against them when they
act badly. I believe that their exis
tence is a necessity; I believe that their
aims and purposes are generally good;
and I believe that all of them have oc
casionally made , mistakes, and that
some of them have been guilty of
wrong doing. Just in so far as they
are strong and effective, they tempt
designing men who sepk tn ormtrnl
them for their own interests, and 3tim- Teay'
uiate the desires of ambitious leaders
who may be clever, crooked men, or
one day rest, for a wage of $45 a month.
Such a condition Is bad for them, and
in the end bad for all of us.
"It Is not merely the duty of the
wage earner, but it is also -the duty of
the general public, to see that he has
safe and healthy conditions under which
to carry on his work. No worker should
be compelled as a condition of earning
his daily bread, to risk his life and
limb or be deprived of his health, or
have to work under dangerous and
bad surroundings. Society owes the
worker this because it owes as much
to itself. He should be.xprotected dur
ing his working hours against greed
and carelessness on the part of unscru
pulous and thoughtless employers, just
as outside of those working hours both
he and his employer are protected in
their lives and property against the
murderer and thief.
Protective Larrs.
"In what is called"emplqyer's liabil
ity' legislation, other industrial coun
tries have accepted the principle that
the industry must bear the monetary
burden of its' human sacrifices and that
the employe who is injured shall have
a fixed and definite sum. The United
States still proceeds on an outworn and
curiously Improper principle, in accord-
ance with which it has too oiten Deen
held by the courts that the frightful !
burden of the accident shall be borne
in its entirety by the very person leas;
able to bear it. Fortunately, in a num
ber of states in Wisconsin and in New
York, for instance these defects in our
industrial life are either being remedied
or else are "being made a subject of in?
telligent stuoy with a view totheir
omen and children should, beyond
all question, be protected; and in their
cases there can be no question that the
government should act. On my recent
trip in the neighborhood of Scranton
and Wilkesbarre every one I spoke to
agreed as to the immense improvement
that had been wrought by the effective
"who iriav be honest Vnit vUionnn- a-nfl
be entitled to form a corporation under , foolish. In other words," in trenting
the laws of Texas, for the purpose of of labor unions, as in treating of cor-
acquiring, owning, maintaining and op- f porations, or of humanity generally,
erating the road so purchased, as If i we will do well to remember Abraham
such road were: the road intended to be T.innnin'e cot?to- .., !,. - j V
. 7 -..w ... o '"o "'ai UIC1C 1J3 tt UCHI . - -v. I ,,-.- ..... JK, ,--..w-
constructed Dy thD corporation, and j of human nature in mankind." Wheth- t ""-""S Ui L11C " p ".
I or In- Trior, nr ni.m;x t,V , I cniiaren unaer tne age oi a years iru.u
- .. . VAOu.i4.vU WJV V. iAiGAif I -!. - 1!1 I . -.A
the nower to do mn.r m-n th c, wonting:, ana proniuiuug uuu ""'"
, O w. ...UU..W ...... OUV...
power may be twisted into evil.
Necessity For Orjranizin.
"Outside critics should
when such charter has been filed, the
new corporation shall have the powers
and privileges then conferred by the
laws of this state upon chartered rail- -j
roads, including the power to construct
ana extend; provided, that notwith- J
working more than ten hours a day.
Personally, I think ten hours too long;
but be this as it may, ten hours a day
was a great advance.
Labor Planks Endorsed.
but In seeing that the conditions are
changed. This is especially true of tar
iff making. It has been conclusively
shown, by experiments repeated again
and again, that the methods of tariff
making by congress which have now
obtained for so many years, cannot
from the very nature of the case, bring
really satisfactory results.
Tariff Needs Revising.
VWith the present tariff, made by the
same methods as its predecessor, there
Is grave dissatisfaction. The people
know there are sqme things .in it which
are not right and therefore they tend to
suspect, as I think, the more numerous
things in It which are right. They
know that the system on which it Is
made, the same system on which Its
predecessors were made, encourages a
scramble of selfish interests, to which
the all important general interest to the
public is necessarily more or less sub
ordinated. "There was a time when this" scram
ble was- regarded as a natural course in
tariff making and was not resented.
Now the people demand, and rightly,
that the profit of the special interests
shall be subordinated Ao the general
welfare in every case. It is this atti
tude of the people which must be let In
in dealing with the present tariff and
with proposals to amend the present
tariff. "Very little improvement indeed
frill follow any attempt to revise the
tariff by methods hitherto used. The
thing to do is to change the methods.
Believes in Protection.
"I believe this country Is fully com
mitted to the principle of protection;
but it is to protection as a principle;
to protection primarily in the interest
of the standard of living of the Ameri
can worklngman. I believe that when
protection becomes, not'a prlnciple,but
a privilege and a preference or, rath
er, a jumble of privileges and prefer
ences then- the American people disap
prove of it. '
"Now, to correct the trouble, it is
necessary, in the first place, to get in
mind clearly -what we want, and, In
the next place, to get in mind clearly
the method by which we hope to obtain
what we want. "What we want is a
square deal in the tariff as in everj--
tnmg else; a square aeai ior the wage
50 1 si ra
$'$ ligJs
Corner ICansas and Bouieyard
Leaders in lower prices. Every item sold under a pos
itive guarantee.
Bell Phones 884-844-823 Auto Phone J69!
Eyster's Blue Eibbon Flour none better made any
where, and every sack guaranteed
48 1bTsack & S 24 lb. sack
for 2 tor
Eyster's Elue Ribbon Butter, 3 lbs. for $1.00 1
Fresh Kansas Eggs, per doz 25c
Green Corn,
per doz
California Head Lettuce,
2 for ,..
Fine Large Egg Plants,
each ,
California Table Peaches,
3 lbs. for
Extra Fine Cooking Apples
6 lbs. for
"Among the planks in the platform of earner; a square deal for the employer;
standing such Incorporation the prop- the necessity of organized labor, and
iiv ; nil i r iirriis;MV wf Tin T-rri za zrr utii i ' y v. . m luliiizic iy ilii ivn.1.1
be charged with and subject to the s &?& In it, instead of condenmlng it ! the American Moderation of .Labor there J a square deal for the general public.
payment of all subsisting liabilities indiscriminately. On Ahe other x hand, are some to which I very strongly sub- 1 To obtain it we must have a thor-
and claims for death and personal In- ; tnose within its ranks should fearlessly J scribe. They are:
jury, sustained in the operation of the 'analyze the criticisms directed against j "1. Free schools; free text books and
railroad, bv the sold out comoanv and I lt and ruthlessly eliminate from the compulsory education.
by any receiver thereof and for the loss j practices of organization those things "2. A work day of not more than j
of and. damage to property sustained in j """nlch justify such criticism and at- j eight hours.
the operation of the railroad, by the tf CiZ- Thls is the path, not only of "3. Iteltase from employment one day
sum iuc uuiliuaiiv ixnil uv tilt; letenci I " ...,. u...u wm.v. j. uuui. ; in oucn.
18 lbs. Granulated Sugar j - f(
3 lbs. Whole Head Rice
for .-
4 lbs. Beat Bulk Starch
10 lbs. Best Large White
Potatoes for
8 lbs. Good Valley Sweet
Potatoes for
6 lbs. Large Fine Cooking
Apples for
Fine Large Eating Pears,
per lb
California Tokay Grapes,
per lb
Fine Valley Grapes,
2 Ibsl for
Best Lemons,
per doz A
Strictly Freh Corn IMeal,
8 3-4 lb. sack for
Fine Large California Celery,
2 bunches for t
a Bell Peppers,
per lb .".
Fine .Okra, ,
per lb '.
Best Eupion Oil, 5 gals, for 80c
j Best Quality Gasoline, 5 gals, for -.85c j
Try our Best Coffee, per lb 35c I
Best Quality Teas, all inds-, per lb 60c
r's C. O. D.' Grocery
Cor. Kansas and Boulevard.
Diamond C Soap, '
8 bais for
Swift's Pride Soap,
I bars for
Swift's White Soap,s
6 bars for J...
4 Bars Fels Naptlia Soap,
3 Boxes Swift's Cleaner
Large Gold Dust,
per pkg .v
Grandma Borax Powder
Large package 20c,
or 3 for
Small -package,
6 for
interest to various, special Interests.
Last year governor Draper took up the
matter, and on his recommendation the Lsocial system, with what unparalleled
thereof, and for the current expenses opinion in the United States is daily be
of such operation, including labor, sup- , coming more alert and more intelligent
plies and repairs; provided, that all : and more forceful: and no organization,
subsisting claims and liabilities shall ""'hetber trades union or corporation,
have accured within two years prior to "Whether Industrial or non-industrial,
the beginning of the receivership rei j can endure or permanently amount to
suiting in the sale of such property and I a social force if it does not harmonize
franchises, or within two years prior j "Wh a wise and enlightened public
to the sale, if said property be sold oth- opinion.
erwise than under receivership proceed- l t Present Epoch Important.
ings, unless suit was pending on such j " think that the next quarter of a
claims and 'liabilities when the receiver century will be important politically in
was appointed or when the sale was many -yays; and in none more so than
made, in which event claims and Habil. in the labor movement. Not only are
ities on which suits were so pending the benefits of labor organizations more
shall be protected hereby as though ac- clearly understood than ever before, but
cruing within the two years; arid pro an3r shortcoming or vice displayedin
vided, that by such purchase and organ- connection therewith is also more clear-
Ization, no right shall be required In l understood and more quickly resent
conflict with the present constitution
"4. The abolition of the sweat-shop
"Oj Sanitary inspection or factory,
workshop, mine and home.
"6. Liability of employers for injury
to body or loss of life. (I regard the
demand in this form as inadequate.
"What we need is an automatically fixed
compensation for all injuries re
ceived by the employe in the course of
his duty, this being infinitely better
for the employe and more just to the
employer. The only sufferers will be
and laws in any respect, nor shall the
main track of any railroad once con
structed and operated be abandoned or
removed; and, provided further, that the
amount of stocks and bonds which onay
be issued, by -said new corporation, as
Well as the manner of their Issuance,
shall be fixed, determined and regu
lated by the railroad commission of
Texas, at its discretion, save that the
total incumbrance secured by lien on
said property and franchises shall not
exceed the amount allowed under the i
ed. The public is srrowinsr mors nni7
more to understand that, in a contest
between employer and employe a cor
poration and a trades union not only
the interests of the contestants, but the
interests of the third party the pub
lic must be considered. Anything like
levity' in provoking a strike, on the
one hand or on the other, is certain
more and more to be resented by the
"Strikes are sometimes necessary and
proper; sometimes thev renrpspnt tiia
! only way in which, aftor all nthnf
oughly efficient and well equipped tar
iff commission.
Should be Material Issue.
"The tariff ought to be a material is
sue and not a moral issue; but Instead
of a square deal we get a crooked deal,
then it becomes very emphatically a
moral Issue. "What we desire in a tar
iff is such measure of protection as
will equalize the cost of production
here and abroad: and as the cost of
production is mainly labor cost, this
means primarily '"a tariff sufficient to
make up for the difference in labor
cost here and abr6ad.
"The American pubn. wants the
American laboring manput on an
equality with other citizens, so that ha
shall have the ability to achieve the
American standard' of living and the ca-
legislature turned the whole business
over to a commission of experts; and
all trouble and scandal forthwith dis
appeared. Incidentally, this seems to
me to be a first class instance- of pro
gressive legislation. ,
Tribute Paid to Former Illi
nois Governor Tab
lets Are Unveiled.
Chicago, 111., Sept. 5 Hon. Geo. Fred.
"Williams of rVTasaschusetts was the
orator Sunday when two bronze mem
orial tablets were unveiled and dedi
cated, at the Garrlck theater, under j
the auspices -of the John P. Altgeld
Memorial association, to the late .sir.
Altgeld. former governor of Illinois,
realized how privilege had worked
itself Into the warp and woof of our
skill the Interests of property have
iramed the code of human conduct,
laws and morals. He saw privilege
deeply bedded In all the categories of
life, reaching into the cradle, the
school, the university, the church,
grasping the press, holding- the mar
ket, the counting room, the exchange,
hiding Itself in judicial robes and sit
ting with legislators and governors,
working by day and night, week-days
and Sababths, stamping: generation
after generation, merciless. Inexorable,
taking hold even upon the faiths of
men and wielding the sceptres of the
world. Against this seemingly invin
cible power, Altgeld set his life work.
"The idea of municipal government
by commission, which now promises to
purify our city politics, is at least as
old as 1S90. when Altgeld advised 'to do
away with governing boards of coun
cils, with their division of responsi
bility, and have one man at the head
of each department who feela that ho
j is accountable to the people for the
lawyers of that undesirable class which j pacity to enjoy It; and to do this we
stock and bond law." J metnoas nave been exhauscted, it is pos-
Sale May Be Postponed. j SlDie fr the laboring man to stand for
The bill as it was finally passed pro- j nls rights; but It must be clearly un-
Jury sustained in the operation of the do so.
tects the second mortgage bondholders
o the International & Great Xorthern.
There is some talk that the sale of that
property, which is set for September 15,
may be postponed until some time next
AprlL H. M. Garwood, of Houston, at
torney for the second mortgage bond
holders, who prepared and secured the
adoption of the provision exempting
them, made the statement while the bill
was under consideration that he had j
authority to cause a postponement of
the sale of the road if he saw fit to
3 - .
Forttmatiis Q
Mis Dad
Say, daddy, when do the first per
manent teeth come through?
Usually about 5 or 6 years of age,
but before any of the "baby set"
are shed a child cuts 4 permanent
molars called "Sth year molars."
uur Sth year in El Paso. Plaza Block
derstood that a strike is a matter of
last resort, and of course violence, law-'
lessness and mob riot must be promptly
and sternly dealt with, no matter what
the cause may be that excites them.
Our social organization Is too complex
for us to fail quickly to condemn those
who, with levity or in a spirit of wan
ton brutality, bring about far-reaching
and disastrous interference with its nor
mal process.
""Where men and women are worked
under harsh and intolerable conditions,
and can secure no relief without a'
strike, or indeed, where the strike is
clearly undertaken for things which
are vitally necessary and then only as
a last resort the public sympathy will
favor the wage workers; but It will not
faor them unless such conditions as
these are fulfilled and it will condemn
them if they resort to lawless violence.
Dishonest Leniler.shlp.
"Dishonest leadership is a curse any
where in American life, and nowhere i
it a greater curse than in the labor
movement. If there is one lesson which
, i wouia rather teach to my fellow
Americans than any other, it is to
J hound down the dishonest man nn
matter what his condition and to
brush aside with Impatient contempt
the creature who only denounces dis
honesty when it is found In some spe
cial social stratum. There are dishon
est capitalists, dishonest labor leaders
dlShonest lawyers and dishonest busi-
Teething chllarcn have more or less
diarrhoea, which can be controlled by
giving Chamberlain's Colic. -Cholera and
Diarrhoea Remedy; All that is neces
sary is to give the prescribed dose af
ter each operation of the bowels more
than natural and then castor oil to
cleanse the system. It is safe and sure.
3old by ah dealers-
exists chiefly by carrying on lawsuits
of this nature.)
"7. The passage and enforcement of
rigid anti-child labor law's which will
cover e ery portion of this country.
IMuj grounds For Children.
"8. Suitable and plentiful play
grounds tor children in all the cities.
Inasmuch as prevention is always best,
especial attention should De paid to the
prevention of industrial accidents by
passing laws requiring the use of safe
ty devices. At present the loss of life
and limb among the industrial workers
of the United States is simply appall
ing, and every year equals m magni-
j tude the killed and wounded in a fair-
sized war. Most of these casualties are
preventable; and our legislative policy
should be shaped accordingly. It would
be a good Idea to establish in every citj'
a museum of safety device, from which
the workers could' get drawings of them
and information as to how they could
be' obtained and ued. ' .
Compensation for Injuries.
"The matter of compensation for inju
ries to employes is, perhaps, more 'lm-
mediately vital than any other. This
would be a measure of justice in itself,
and would do away with a fruitful
source of antagonism between employ
er and employed.
"Our ideal should be a rate of wages
sufficiently high to enable workmen to
live in a manner comfortable to Amer
ican ideals and standards, to educate
their children,' and to provide for sick
ness and old age; the abolition ot child)
labor; safety device legislation to pre-';
vent -industrial accidents; and automat-
nc compensation for losses caused by
these industrial accidents."
Would Have a Non-Partisan
Tariff Board Plan Ee-
vise Schedules.
Sioux Falls, S. D., Sept. 5. In his ad
dress here on Saturday night, Theodore
Roosevelt declared for a revision of the
The Speech.
The colonel spoke on the difficulties
of tariff making and expressed the be
lief that the only way to properly Teg-'
ulate the tariff rates would be to have
a well-equipped commission, who would
investigate thb various paragraphs in
the bill and recommend changes from
time to time.
?,Ir: Roosevelfs speech follows:
"Whenever men just like ourselves.
must see that his wages are not lower
ed by improper competition with infe
rior wage -workers abroad with wage
workers who are paid poorly and who
lifce as no Americans are willing to
live. But the American public does not
wish to see the tariff so arranged as
to benefit primarily a few wealthy
Fcir Minded Commission.
"As a means toward the attainmint
of Its end in view, we have as yet de
vised nothing in any way as effective
as a tariff commission, irhere should
be a commission of well-paid experts;
men who should not represent any in
dustry; who should fc-'' masters of their
subjects: of the very highest character;
and who should approach the matter
with "absolute disreg.r-l of every out
side consideration. Those n:er. sneud
take up In succession each subject with
which the tariff deals and investigate
the conditions of production here and
abroad: they should find out the facts
and not merely accopt the statements
of interested parties; and rhey should
report to congress on -:ich subiect as
soon as that subject has been covered.
Then action can be taken at once on
the particular subject concerned, while
the commission immediately prdceeds to
Investigate another.
Bj this means log-rolling would be
avoided and each subject treated on
its merits, "while there wou!($ be no
such shock to general industry as is
Implied in the present custom of mak
ing sweeping changes In the whole tar
iff at once. Finally, it should be the
duty of such governmental department
or bureau to investigate the conditions
in the various protected Industries, and
see that the laborers really are getting
the benefit of the tariff supposed to be
enacted in their interest. iToreover, to
insure good treatment abroad we should
keep the maximum and minimum pro
vision. Rivers and Harbors.
"The same principle of a first-class
outside commission should be applied to
river and horbor legislation. At pres
ent a river and harbor bill, like a tariff
bil, tends to be settled by a squabble
among a lot of big selfish interests and
little selfish interests, with scant re
gard to the one really vital interest,
that of the general public. In this mat
ter the national legislature would do
well to profit by the example of Massa
chusetts. "Formerly Massachusetts dealt with
ts land and harbor legislaure just as at
Washington tariff and river and harbor
tows have been dealt with; and there
was just the same pulling and hauling,
the same bargaining and log-rolling,
the same subordination of the general
who died Mar. 12. 1902
He said that although it has been j conduct of affairs.
too often said that John P. Altgeld was TJpon the question of industrial
misunderstood, the truth is that he monopoly, he recognized the world
was too well understood. tendency of consolidation and with a
"Such a man was Altgeld, and If his largeness of view, which may now well
life was darkened by suffering, by j be emulated, declared, 'It is a question
slander and defeats, It was tne are or w netner there is any other way of pre
hls choice; its pathos Is but seeming, ' serving an equilibrium in 8ur institu-
and its heroism brought the rewards
with which only the great can be sat
isfied," the speaker said.
"He fought against ilammon and
Mammon turned its terrible weapon
against him as against no other man in
the history of his generation. These
were his words of defiance: 'No great
moral and political reform ever yet
rested on money. The Almighty has
never yet tried to start the seeds of
justice in the .garden of lucre. Only
poisonous vines will grow there;
noble manhood perishes there. It is
moral force that In the end moves the
world." x J
"Slander and misrepresentation were
the contemptible weapons used against
the man who had no price for the be
trayal of the people. The pity is that
he was misunderstood by those he
loved; would that they had rallied as
one man to a leader who knew no fear,
compromise or danger when the op
pressed stood In dumb need.
"In the awful atmosphere of graft
which pervades even the home of his
adoption can it be doubted today that;
a bjlnd and unquestioning support of
Altgeld would have made this state
one of he purest in our republic
"There is much praise of Insurgency
within a party, but did Altgeld ever
compromise with the servants of privi
lege in his own party? "Was he not
the bravest of insurgents? Had not
Altgeld spent his life in this insur
gency, the soil might yet have been
unyielding where the crop of demo
cracy is now smothering the Aveeds of
both political parties.
"Altgeld's fate was that of the pio
neer, the discoverer in statesmanship.
He saw and despised the truckling of
our civilization to material Interests.
"Far In advance of most men, he
tions than by organization and concen
tration of the counter-balancing- forces.
"Even against the combined opinions
of employers and employes Altgeld In
sisted that the Influence of the strike
was so far-reaching- as to constitute a
social disturbance well , within the
legitimate functions of government.
He, therefore, advocated some form of
compulsory arbitration of trade dis
putes, and it may be said that so far
as progress has been made with the
vexing question it has been along the
lines he has suggested."
A Burglar in Town
his name is "bad cough." He doesn't
care for gold or silver'but he will steal
your health away. If he appears In'
your house arrest nim at once with
Ballard's Horehound Syrup, It may
mean consumption if you don't. A cure
for all coughs, colds and chest troubles.
Price 25c, 50c and $1.00 per bott!e.
Sold by all druggists.
i fir a sift "3 i
made from
'tees' t
n f
Tbf trtggtst Fdtiiry Ffd Mimriftctanf
Are the easiest made and most de
licious ever servedby the finest cooks.
Simply stir the powder into milk,
S boil a few minutes, and it's done.
i Anyone can aoic. xureuuona prmteu
on the package.
Ice Cream made from Jell-0 Ice
Cream Powder costs only one cent a
iTlavors : Vanilla, Strawberry,
Lemon, Chocolate, and Unflavored.
At Grocers', 2 packages 25 cento.
Beautiful Recipe Book Free. Address,
H The Genesee Pare Food Co., Ic Roy, iY.
fjge--nrr1 tl-Tt l7JT?
ICE CREAM ' ta th8 wcH& Tj ba9 6 f8i
&&U3 Hk$ Lay
Pimm CffiQK FD
Sfiyss Ssby Chicks
(Always 2 CbcoksriNon! )
0. G. SEET0N

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