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EL PASO HERALD JCitabllshed April, 1SSL The El Paso Herald Includes also, by absorption and accession. The Dally News, The Telegraph, The Telegram. The Tribune, The Graphic The Sun, The Advertiser. The Independent, The Journal, The Republican. The Bulletin. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS AND A3EER. JfEWSP. PUBLISHERS' ASSOC. Entered at the Postoffice In El Paso, Te., as Second Class Matter. - - Dedicated to the service ef the people, that no good cause shall lack a cham pion, and that evil shall not thrive unopposed. Sb Dally Herald is issued six days a wee and the Weekly Herald is published every Thursday, at El Paso, Texas; and the Sunday Mail Editfon la also isent to Weekly Subscribers. Bell. Business affice Ha Editorial Rooms r Society Reporter ..,. 10" Advertising department X1 SERALD TELEPHONES. TERMS-OP SUBSCRIPTION. Dally Herald, per month. 50c; per year, $7.00. eeMyHeraKL per year $-.00 The Daily Herald is delivered by carriers in El Paso. East El aso. ort Bliss and Towne. Texas, and Cludad Juarez, Mexico, at 60 cents a month. A subscriber desiring the address on his paper changed will please staU la Ha communication both the old and the new address. . COMPLAINTS. A , Subscribers falling to get The Herald promptly should call at the office or telephone No?Ssbefo?e S:30.p. m. All complaints will receive prompt attention. Xtaranteed circulation. STfee Herald bases all advertising contracts' on a guarantee of mere than twice the circulation of any other SI Paso, Arizona. New Mexico or West Texas pa yer. "Dally average xeeeding 10.t00. wwn r- w km Ascocauioa w L a f. ;.r Ku vnensMl iad cem&ed to " tka dscaisfeaa of tor pubkcaQoa. lbc ocUil - --- 4 Mich rawria h a file t the . L xLw VrV & ? LT" : 1. rawer ifene a stcbuoob pkw ts? Hi i i ihdvhrv-i- The Responsibility Of Texas PARTICIPATION "by Mexican officials in the anti-American demonstrations at Mexico City is not so easily understood as the motive underlying 'the popular uprising. It is to he hoped that it will be shown that these higher officials followed the mob and participated in the speech-making only in order to counsel restraint and to warn against lawlessness. Texans after affronting civilization by burning alive at the stake without trial a citizen of a foreign country accused of murder inflicting thus without warrant of law and in de fiance of all civilized usages, the most horrible torture ever devised by human ingenuity need not he surprised at expressions of resentment by fellow country saea of the confessed murderer thus refused protection of the law and sacrificed to the savage lust of a mob. ' The crime in the case at Rock Springs, Tex., was that of murder, and even in the face of the prisoner's confession he was entitled to the ordinary protection guaranteed by civilized states, and if the death penalty was to be inflicted, it should have been inflicted only after due course of law and by a method sanc tioned under the law. However, though even a slight knowledge of human nature discloses the motive of the violent expressions of resentment directed against the Americans in Mexico City, such an understanding of the motives does not in any sense excuse or condone the actions of the Mexicans, and of course greatly reduces the force of any protest Mexico may have made or may hereafter make based upon the alleged mistreatment of Mexican citizens in this country. It is a maxim of law that litigants must come into court with clean hands, and Mexico through these excesses at the capital has placed herself at a great 'disadvantage Nothing can excuse or justify the assaults upon Americans by the Mexico mob; among the victims of the mob were the son of ambassador Wilson and a number of American school children. However, it cannot be said that the Mexican authorities were unmindful of the demands upon them to keep order, and protect foreigners, for the record, is written in today's dispatches that the mob was dis persed only after the mounted police had killed three of the disturbers, seriously injured scores of others, and arrested more than 200 members of the mob. In fairness it must be said that this drastic action presents a rather striking- contrast to the inaction of the authorities at Rock Springs, where the Mexican citizen was burned at "the stake. The dispatch of November 3, announcing the fact of the burning, said, "No arrests have been made; no investigation has been ordered "by the authorities, and there will be none." The incidents at Mexico City follow a series of exchanges of diplomatic notes based upon the repeated and long continued outrages of Mexican bandits on .Americans and other foreigners in the state of Vera Cruz. An American girl, daughter of a prominent citizen of Nebraska, is at this moment in the possession of bandits who kidnaped her from the .home of a ranchman where she had been visiting. A few weeks ago inaian and half breed desperadoes in Vera Cruz mur dered in cold blood an American planter named Voight, and looted the plantation. A little later a Californian named Wing was shot in the back as he sat reading a,paper en his veranda and the assassins sacked his house. A more recent outrage, which called for a most vigorous protest from ambassador Wilson to minister Creel, was the attack upon the ranch of J. P. Eorio of New York, a wealthy ranch man in Vera Cruz. The ranch was attacked on October 13 by the bandit Santanon and his gang who subjected- Mr. Lorio's son to frightful torture in the effort to force hi to disclose the hiding place of money, and the young man was maimed for life. The chief bandit was killed during the pursuit which was immediately -undertaken by rurales. A reign of terror ensued and the ranch laborers refused to work because they were constantly harassed by renegade followers of the dead chief. The Lories were forced finally to abandon their plantation, owing to the state of outlawry, and go to another town to live. Their protest to tie ambassador brought out a strong diplomatic communica tion to the foreign office, which was immediately followed by instructions-by the president to the governor of Vera Cruz to dispatch to the outlaw regions an adequate armed force to protect life and property. There have been three other murders of foreigners in? Mexico within 90 days, all for the purpose of robbery; two of the victims were English mining men and the third a Californian killed near Culiacan in Sinaloa. In discussing these various outrages and -the action taken by-the United States ambassador and by the Mexican government, ambassador "fienry Lane Wilson said vx an interview: "Governmental !Mexico is no more to be reproached for these out rages than is Washington to be blamed for occasional train holdups in the United' Suites or the dynamiting of 'the Los Angeles Tim.;?, ince in all instances those guilty have been outlaws, defiant of their country's and humanity's rights. Two duties are by such deeds im posed "upon the government, duties punitive and protective, and "Mexico, as in thp United States, is doing her utmost in the line of such dual duty. The bandits are being run to earth and summarily dealt with when captured and, as demonstrated an this Lorio affair, there are being tJhrotvn aixut the jeopardized lives and properties such pro tective and precautionary safeguards as will prevent a likely recur rence of similar atrocities." t 3 is surely the duty of the state of Texas to bring to justice those responsible for the savage torture and unlawful execution of the Mexican murderer at Rock Springs. No foreigner can ever understand the distinction between national and state government functions in this country. The United States can do little more than request the governor of Texas to take appropriate action. We have already seen how the lawless and barbarous act of the mob at Rock Springs has rreatel an international disturbance and caused several unnecessary deaths. The responsibility of Texas is, therefore, greater than may be bounded by state lines. The Rock Springs incident should not be allowed to pass without such punitive measures as will discourage this sort of popular indulgence in the future. o New, we are not sorry that the count was small in 1900. It makes our growth show up better this time. But just the same, we are glad we watched it in 1910 and saw that we were all enumerated, for going ten years under a census that is too small, is not pleasing. This time the count appears to have been as nearly correct as human agency could have made it and J. B. Kilpatrick deserves con gratulation for the manner in which he handled the work in El Paso. o If nobody else will say it for you, say it for yourself even if you do have to label it "advertisement" Doheny says Pierce and Pearson are jokes. Wouldn't it be fun tohear what they beta say about, Doheny when they fead what he says about them? . . o It's always tie way, either too much or too little. Las Cruces was thirsting at a rain and when it came, it was so heavy that if washed things away, . Auto. 1115 2020 wr nxummi HERALD ' TRAV ELING AGENTS. Persons solicited to subscribe for The Herald should beware of lmpos ters and should not pay money to anyone unless he can show that he is legally author ized by the El Paso Herald. ike AMociahaa. Me t7. . i 4 -- e THE ENGAGEMENT By Yiggo Toepfer. iA BEAUTIFUL evening in July, just as dusk was falling, Pnf. Jean Didelot and his daugh ter Angelique were sitting in their plain little dining room. They had almost finished -their dinner, but ha I not lit the lamp. Thp nrofessor. who was in the habit l of sroinsr early to bed. always had his j dinner at 6. Then his daughther read aloud to him for an hour and at a lie slept as soundly as a child. The room was rather a study tha a aining room, for the walls Avera coA'ered with booRs from floor to ceil ing. On the oak shelves were rae stones, minerals and petrified animals. The window looked upon "Jardin des Plantes," antt as the apatrmei I was on the sixth floor, the treetops nimnst renohftd it- Bevond them one j could see the whole panorama of J Paris, bathed in the light of the set ting sun. un tne inn iar awaj wuic the Avhite walls of the beautiful church of Sacre Coeur, looking like a Byzantine palace, reaching into the clouds. Angelique arose and went toa corner of the room. , She was tall and slender, and as she passed the window the light fell upon her heavy golden hair and through the transptrent sleeves one could se her beautif il round arms. She picked up a book and again -sat down at th toble. Prof. Didelot lit his pipe, the only pipe he smoked all day. To have smoked before ch.ner Avould have been a -luxury he could not think of. "Good, Lili, I see you haA'e guesscl my thoughths. It is MIchelet, I sup pose. You did not finish that chapter yesterday." Angelique opened the book, tvrneJ over the leaves and said in her clear Aoung Aoice- "Here it is. We stopped at page 4S." She had just started to read, when the door opened and Louise, th oil servant, entered and said to Angelique: "Will you please come into the kitchen for a moment?" Louise bad been in the house or irore than "3 j-r. and had brought up Angelique. She was at the saint time housekeeper and cook, and had neA-er received any wages. Her husband had left her a few thousand francs, and this money she had used to pay for her son's, Jacques Bonvalet's, education. He was a mod est young fellow, who had already made an impotrant geological ditco ery, Avhlch had brought him consider able fame and a position in the geo logical museum with a salary of 2S-"i francs a year, more than enough for a young man of his simple tastes. Every eA'oning at S he came to fe his mother, hi 1 a chat with her aid then Avent '-9'r.e, b it on Sundays Vs always dined with the Dldelots. If the professor had been a litt'e less absent-minded he would easily have discover that a conspiracy was being formed in the kitchen, but ne was staring at an old cedar tree and jyprothy )ix SAYS MAKE GOOD AND MY DEAR SADIE: The real reason that wo man's work is at a discount in the labor market is because it is seldom thoroughly done. It isn't good work. It's a slap-dash, hit-or-miss sort of a job, that isn't worth a first class price. Of course, there are notable excep tions to this rule, and when you fini the exception, you also find a woman who is drawing a man's sajary. But, as a general thing, women never take the trouble to learn their business. They don't qualify in the expert clas. thov rpmnin amateurs all their liA'es. I And they get the wages of unskilled labor to their dying days. The reason that is popularly assign ed for this is that women work Avith one eye on their jobs and the other eye roaming the horizon in search of a possible husband. The Avork is just a temporary makeshift, something to tide them over the time until the Fairy Prince dashes up in a red touring car and Dears them "of f 10 liA'e in splendor in a Newport cottage -tever after. Hence it doesn't .seem wor-th while to bother abont really mastering -the intricacies of pothooks or learning to spell, or to sell dry goods, or keep books. Incompetency's Plaint. And, as for the poor, unfortunate, badgered and harassed man who Is driven into nervous prostration Avres tling with a succession of pretty and incompetent girl employes bah. for him! Who cares for his sufferings? Besides, he doesn't pay anything worth speaking of, anyhoAV. What's his meas ly little old eight or ten or twleA-e dol lars a week? Whj', there's Miss Jones, in his office, who has been there good ness knows how long ever since she vas a young girl, and noAV she's an old maid and that's all she gets yet. It's just a shame the way women's work is paid! So it is, my dear, and it's a bigger, blacker shame that we women gen erally turn out the kind of Avork that doesn't command, the best Avay. For, after all, the fault is ours. In the end every worker writes his or her own price tag. The world is flooded with bunglers, with mediocrity, Avith people who never do anything just right. How ever little they get for their labor, they get all that is coming to them, but superexcellence in any line may name its own reward. Take It from me, little sister, that if Miss Jones has been in an office for ten years and still only gets ten dollars a week it Is because Miss Jones isn't worth a penny more. It's because somebody has to go over her accounts to see if they are accurate, or because her ledger is eternally out of balance, or because she doesn't get more than half of a letter that is dictated to her, or because she spells the same words incorrectly that she did ten years ago. Salary Facts. Be sure of this that' Iter employer is just pining to pay l.er more if she Avould give him the chance and made herself worthy of it. And if he isn't, then? are thousands of other busy, rushed. Avorried men Avho are simply palpitating Avith eagerness to pay a thoroughly competent woman a thor oughl5T competent salary. Just remember this you are Avorth t your emploj-er just exactly what you make j-ourself Avorth. If you are going to be one of the stenographers whose letters haA'e so many erasures that they look as if they had an eruption of smallpox; if you -are going to be the kind of a salesgirl who is too busy telling some other girl" behind the The Herald's Daily Short Story pondering on the last sentence h"s daughter had read. Louise came back alone, looked at her old master, sat down, cleared her throat and said: "Prof. Didelot!" "Yes, Louise. "What it is?" "Put down that old book and listen to what I haA'e to say. You are a learned man, a very learned man. and the other day I heard some of Jacques's friends talk about you as if you were a saint, but you are a big child!" A surprised, happy smile crossed t. e old man's face. a "It seems you hAe discovered raiay things and my boy says you have bi ought many discoA-eries from far away countries, but just noAV I think you ought to try to discover what is going on rigr. here in this house. I n: ve serve 1 yi. . for "', ears. That is ISO months and 50 francs a month makes 9000 francs. I tell you th.s straight, because I have never been taught to choose my words. I do not ask oh, good Lord! how difficult it is to say just what you mean." The good A-orian was quite moved and the professor s'ared at her in sur prise. "Well the thin j is this," she bur3t out, "that Angelique is 21 noAV and Jacques is 28 do you understand now?" She rushed out of the rooom, blush ing all oA-erand her eyes full of tears. The doorbell rang and Angelina, had to open the "door, because Loue ay as crying her eyes out in the kitch en. It was Jacques Bonvalet. "Good evening, Monsieur Jacques Won't you go into the dining room to father? He is reading and I hae to help your mother a little in the kitchen. You will excuse me, I a'i coming right away." When Jacques Bonvalet opened -'.e door of the dining room, the professor was standing in the middle of the floor staring at the carpet. When he heard the young man coming he looc ed up and said: . . "Oh, it is you, my friend. 1 jusi had something to tell you. Lili, Lili' he called. Angeliquje stoood in the doorway, blushing. "Give me your hand, dear and you give me yours, Jacques. Now, kis each-other I know your secret.' mi aa nrt Toics each other, but 'they sat down side by side. Lou'se came in with the lamp ana ner u. basket. A charming fragrance aroe from the thii Chinese cups and An gelique continue 1 reading her chanter from MIchelet, her hand, resting in Jacques's. Vnd 'darkness settled upon JarO-n des plantes;" thousands of SAvallows sought their nests chirping, and tn s chirping Avas the expression of their joy over loA-e and liberty: of their lc light to fly through the air while thou sands of stars were being lit m tt.e sky above. Writes Letters To A Working Girl YOU'LL SUCCEED. counter obout what Mame said and her steady said, and she said, to deign not tn notice a customer: if you are going to be the kind' of a bookkeeper who comes in heaA-y-eyed and listless to work of a morning and spends nan xne da- e-ossiDine: with some man, you will aiicnvs stji- at the bottom of the I ladder, where you belong, ad get a' pay envelope that is about as tmctv as a postage stamp, and that is all you earn. But, if you ar,e the kind of a business woman that is on to her job early and late, Avho ne-er makes mistakes, who has all of the details of an office at her finger ends, whom customers ask for and wait for, who makes herself perfectly invaluable Avherever she is placed, why you A-on't haA'e to worry about the inadequacy of the pay that is accorded woman's work. You Avill be one of the high priced salaried women Avho are holding positions of trust in eA'ery office and store of importance in the land. Years Ago To- From The Herald Of 5 day This Date 1893. Clarence Sexton is rcnfinel to his house by illness. Dr. Yaire returned this morning from Mesilla Park. Mrs. Li. P. Smith, of Atlanta, Ga., is visiting the family of J. X.. Bell. Capt. H. A. Moss, brotherinlaw ,of O. F. Heckelmann, is up from the city on a visit. Captain Lobb's Avife returned this morning over the Santa Fe from a A'isit to Missouri. Miss Zue Ball has returned from Sherman, Avhere she has been A'isiting se-eral months. (Miss Ball is noAV Mrs. J. A. Happen) Superintendent Hurley, of the Santa Fe, came down this morning in his priA'ate car. W. A. Irvin, who has been in Missou ri for the past several months, has re turned to this city. A Pierce Green, of Boston, Mass., passed through the city en route to California. He was entertained here by W. N. Small. Major W. H. H. LleAvellyn, of Las Cruces, is in town. The major has just been elected to the legislature. Special agent Whitehead, of the treasury department, has returned af- ! ter seA'era,l months spent in the north east on goA'ernment business. Head bookkeeper Fred Desmuth, of the Corralltos company, is in El Paso to remain and the general offices of the company are to be removed to this city. The McGinty band has receiA'ed seA--eral conductor's scores from a French publishing house in NeAV York, includ- i ing the adagio from Beethoven's so nato.. The first Sunset limited train of tho season arri'ed at 5:40 p. m. yesterday with oA-er 30 passengers. fc Local wheelmen are more or less in high feather over the arriA-al last night of, Zimmy McFarland, the Caljforn bicycle champion, and Andy Stevens, of Otumwa, la. They came from Hous ton and will go in training for the Thanksgiving bicycle races. W. C. McCutcheon has patented a method of replacing tubes of pneumat ic tires. Sol Schutz has sold to Mrs. Sarah Gist, lots 14 and 15, block 5, Satterh-, Avaite's addition, for S1009. 14 By Preventing Infant Morta7ity f J. Haskin THE city of Baltimore todav is playing host to a convention in Avhiqh more heart interest is cen tered than in any convention of the year. The American Association for the Study and Prevention of Infant Mortality convenes there for a session of seA-eral days. When it is stated that there are more than 400,000 deaths a year of children who have not passed the period of Infancy, the amount of sorrow and suffering involved is ap palling. It has been estimated by Dr. IrA-ing Fisher that 47 percent of all the deaths of children beloAv the age of two years could be preA-ented if the country ex ercised its knoA-ledge of sanitary meas ures. He estimates that 67 percent of the children who die betAven the ages of two and eight years might haA-e their life-span lengthened if only igno rance, porerty and dirt were banished from the neighborhood of the cradle and the trundle-bed. Association Is FormedJ Last year the American Academy of Medicine called a conference of men and Avomen interested in preA'entnig infant mortality to meet at Yale uni-A-ersity. The call challenged the sup port of nearly eA'ery leader in the child welfare movement in the United States. The 'literature brought out on the ques tion of preA-enting infant mortality was so rich in suggestions that it AA-as de cided to create an association, to meet annually, for the purpose of mutual study and consideration of the problem before that conference. The papers read before the conference TiaA-e been published in book form for the infor mation of the medical fraternity and the humanitarians of America. The academy at the Yale conference went on record as in faA-or of uniform birth and death registration laAVs; the reporting, to the health authorities, of all communicable diseases; and the training of all school teachers in the essentials of physical life, that they in turn may consciously and unsconsclous ly guide their pupils Into a more intel ligent A-aluatlon of the Inheritance of life and the responsibilities and duties of home making. It belieA'es the say ing that the training of a child begins with its grandparents is true, and would, therefore, study Intimately the prenatal as well as the postnatal influ ences that make for the health and well-being of the infant population of the nation. Situation Is Peculiar. The situation confronting the Ameri can people today is a peculiar one. Pre ventive medicine gradually has extend ed the span of life of those beyond the Infantile period; but in the face of a gradually decreasing brith rate, little has been done toAard decreasing the infant death rate. This spells an eco nomic scarcity of children, and has aroused the thinking men of the nation to the necessity of Infant conservation. It is true that in certain progressive cities the infant death rate has been wonderfully curtailed. It Is not long since one child out of eA'ery three sborn in New York City died before Its first birthday. Now the rate is only one out of eA'ery six. ' Medical men and sociologists gener ally agree that there are many prena tal conditions conducive to a high death rate among Infants. The associ ation is aiming to arouse the people of the country to this situation, so that every child that comes into the world may be blessed with a healthy parent hood, unhandicapped by inherited con ditions. Menace of Impure Milt. Perhaps the greatest menace to child life is impure mk. In the city of Rochester the mortality rate among infants fell off 65 percent after the in stitution of a carefullj guarded munic ipal milk supply. It also has been shoAvn that, eA-en under the best possi ble conditions, cow's milk is not as good for the infant as nature's nour ishment. Calves may flourish on it, but the records of Europe and America show that the bottle-fed baby has less chance of winning life's struggle than the one to which the bottle i? a stran ger. The association is strongly of the opinoin that a baby unnecessarily forced to liA'e on a bottle Is haA'ing its life gambled away. This is especially true In A'ieAV of the fact that nearly three-fourths of the babies of the coun try who are bottle-fed get milk un suited to their needs, If It Is not in deed been produced under unsanitary conditions. Ignorance reigns with reference to other things as well as the handling of milk. A statistical inquiry among a large number of poor mothers shoAved that only one out of eA'ery five gaA'e their babies water to drink. The same Is true in the case of salt. One physi cian records the fact that he asked a mother Avhat she fed her baby. "Same thing my mother fed me," Avas the la conic reply. "What was that?" pressed the physician. "Same thing she ate," was the answer. When further queried A'hat her mother had eaten, she repli ed that is was buttermilk and rye bread. Asked A-liat she was eating, she replied: "Sauerkraut and sausage." Country Baby Slronxrer. Figures coA'ering many years show it is far better to be born in the country thantfn the city. The country baby has 50 percent more chance successfully to Aveather the dreaded first year than the city infant. This is attributed in part to the excess of bottle-fed babies in the city and in part to the better sanitary surroundings of the country. Wher-eA-er city children ha'e been taken to the country in numbers, the result al ways has been a diminishing death rate among them. The improA'ed transpor tation facilities that permit the city worker to haA'e a suburban home haA'e proA-ed an important factor in the child saA'ing campaign. The experience of the social workers at "Sea Breeze and Junior Sea Breeze indicate hoAV much mav be done In low ering the infant mortality rate by the obserA-ance of known rules1 of health. Sea Breeze is .a New York philanthropy for indigent mothers and helpless ra bies. A record v."as kept of' 599 seri ously sick babies brought there from the crowded tenements- of NeA York and treated Avith an abundance of sun shine and clean food. The results shoAA'ed that recoA-ery followed in 594 cases, or 99 percent. It was then planned to carry the Sea Breeze idea to the mothers and children who could not go to Sea Breeze. A strong corps of A'isiting nurses enlisted, and made a canvass of the upper East Side tene ment districts in search of opportuni GALLEY SEVEN .. . . iA CMFWY C ties to aid these unfortunate mothers and children. By A'isiting 112,000 homes they were able to find 35,000 mothers who Avere sorely in need of assistance. These mothers agreed to cooperate with the nurses in their efforts to saA-e the babies, and Avere instructed in all the details of infant care. The result was that, although the infant death rate in other sections of the city show ed an Increase that summer OA-er the preceding one, in the territory covered by the Junior Sea Breeze workers the rate was materially reduced. Danger of Tuberculosis. One of the graA-est dangers that be sets the pathway of the baby is tuber culosis. While stomachic tro ibles are more Immediately fatal, and therefoie the infant death rate from these dis eases much higher, yti thousands of consumptiA'es who liA'e beyond the pe riod of infancy may trace their Infec tion back to their infant days. A child is sensitlA'e to contagion of all kinds, even under normal conditions, but es pecially so to tuberculosis. To make the mater more serious, tuberculosis is better able to hide its presence in the body of an infant than in a grown up, so it is not suspected. The charac teristic symptoms of adult tuberculosis are lacking. In the handling of tuberculosis among infants, as well as among grown-ups, the medical fraternity is handicapped by social conditions which form an ef-fectiA-e bar to the introduction of meth ods which might wipe it off the list of dreaded diseases. Notwithstanding this they are encouraged in their work by the knowledge that there is an ideal at which to aim. Strange to say, this Ideal comes from the A-eterinarian. Some years ago a Dr. Bangs decided he could eradicate tuberculosis in cat tle. He took a herd of infected stock and put the healthy members on a farm where there was no tuberculosis. As calA'es came in the infected herd, he immediately carried them to the non infected herd, and fed them only on non-infected milk, or on pastuerlzed milk from infected cows. In this way he graduallj- increased the size of his non-infected herd and diminished the infected herd until the latter was ex terminated. Of course it would be im- Beatrice pairfax 0ri5fc?He THEY sat opposite me in the sub way, a youngish couple, evi dently husband and wife. By youngish. I mean anywhere be tween 30 and 40. The woman was quite the most irre deemably plain woman I eA'er saw. Not a feairure of her face followed the lines it should have, and her com plexion was sallow and muddy. She was well dressed, but she had no style. Her clothes were put on as though she had dressed in the dark. In eA'ery respect she seemed a thor oughly unattractive woman. And the man, with true masculinev inconsistency, was A'ery much In love with her. He Avas most loA'erlike in -his atten tions, and I believe he actually thought her good looking. "What can he see in" her?" Jsald to myself In wonder. "Nine out of ten men would be repelled by her ugli ness." It is said that "beauty lies in the eye of the beholder," and it was true in this case. Its' a fortunate thing that we don't all see each other' in the same light, or life would be eAren more complicated than it is already. A hundred women, all in loA-e with the same man, would be a tragic state of affairs. The Mystery of Attraction. In that plain woman, there wasvsome indefinable quality that charmed and enthralled, her husband. In compen sation for her plain face she had been giA-en the power to make at least one man loA-e her. EA-ery day you see women that make you wonder how In the world they eAer managed to get married. -You see a certain man and say to yourself, "I would rather die -than Jbe married to that man," and yet some woman lOA'es him and finds life's high est happiness in being his wife. Not long ago I met an old school friend. She had married, but I had neA-er met her husband. I had recef-ed many letters describ ing his perfections "a godlike man," she had called him In one letter. I remembered our schoolgirl rhap sodies about our ideal men. Mary had such lofty ideals as to what qualities her future lord and master must pos sess that I was quite 'surprised when she wrote announcing her engagement. The History i)f Those "Militia Warrants" Explanation of Matter That Has Been Troubling Constitutional Convention. From Santa Fe New Mexican. To 99 out of eA-ery 100 people, the militia warants represent a very vague claim to public funds, a claim that has neither legal nor moral foundation. In their inception the militia war rants represented payment for services rendered and supplies furnished dur ing a time of need and stress when ordinary, eA'ery day prices did not furnish an adequite measure of value. It was in the days that Gen. Sibley with his Texans sAvept into New Mex ico and carried everything before him; that Gen. Canby, the federal command er, urged gOA-ernor Conley to issue a call for emergency A'olunteers so that the southwest might be saA'ed to the union. There Avere no federal and no territorial funds aA-allable to pay or eA'en equip these emergency men. The situation was much the same as when Lee im'aded Pennsylvania and emergency men were called out by that state and served from 30 to 90 days and then mustered out. There was a response to the call of go'ernor Conley. The native people came for ward, and furnishing their own horses, their own equipment, their own sub sistence marched to ValA'erde near Fort Craig, Socorro county, there to be overwhelmed by7 the Texans and to be scattered, losing their mounts their equipment, their eA'erything. It 'was soon afterwards that the militia Avarrants had their inception. NeAV Mexico was too poor to reimburse these men for their losses or for their time; in fact, it was a debt that was owing by the United States rather than by the territory, although the terri tory Avas in the first place responsible for it. The militia warrants Avere issued in satisfaction of those claims, and later, also, for claims arising from the seA-eral Indian wars in Avhlch New Mexico troops Avere organised to fight tho Red Skins. Abe Martin Even self reducin' corsets er high. It don't look like we'd eyer have t' double track th' straight an' narrow path. possible to so segregate people, or to take babies away from infected moth ers, but the Bangs bovine experiment is cited by physicians as an encourage ment to them. The Baby SavtBg; Carepaijni. The economic possibilities of the baby saving campaign of the humani tarians now- in session in Baltimore are beyond estimate- Many of the rich est contributions that have eA'er been made to human welfare were given by men who were born in Ignorance, pov erty and dirt. Helped by 'science and philanthropy through the unequal fray of the first year's battle for life.'thou sands otherwise doomed to an Infant graA'e would grow up into virile man hood -and virtuous Womanhood. Tomorrow Catholic Communities in America. "I am engaged to the best, the most J wonderful man in the world." she wrote. "She has found her Ideal," I thought, and was duly impressed. They came to town, and I was in vited ta meet the "godlike man." I was half afraid to meet him. I did want to make a good Impression on Mary's ideal man. The Meetlagr. I suppose "ideal husbands" are not supposed to notice wihat other women wear, but I must say I fussed a good deal over my costume the night I went to meet the godlike man. I was shown- up UA their sittingroom and presently Mary, tall, pretty and charming as even, swept in. "Charles will be ready directly," she said, after Ave had kissed and said we hadn't changed a bit and taken a rapid and surreptitious survey of each oth ers costume from head." to feet. "And to thilk that you really found your ideal, Mary. Isn't it wonderful that a man should possess all those qualities and marvelous good, looks." "Well," said Mary eA-aaively, "Charl3 of course is not exactly like that silly ideal of mine, but he really Is far more splendid. Here he comes, and you cn see for yourself." The 'door opened, and I turned to J meet the man who . was even more I splendid than Mary's ideal, j And, my dears, what do you ttink I saw? ! A short, stout man, with no waistline and not very much hair, j He trotted pompously into the room and shook my hand up and down like I a pump handle when Mary intro ( duced us. His voice was high and squeaky. Where, alas, were his deep melodious tones possessed by the ideal? If I re- umember correctly, they were to roll 1UH.1I IIAC LliU UUICS Ml. !!.' U1&CU1. We women talked but little during1 dinner. The godlike man .talked, fussily, di dactically and continuously and Mary listened with rapt attention and an air which plainly said, "Isn't he a won der?" ' And he was a wonder of .dullness. I went home and mournfully re moA'ed my unappreciated costume and crept into bed musing on many thlng3 and my last drowsy thought was: "What can she see in him?" In 1SS0, a legislative effort was made to audit and pay these warrants. The territorial auditor and the adju tant general examined such as were presented and the gOA-ernor was sup posed to countersign them. A law was passed, that as soon as there Avaa an unappropriated surplus of $5000 or more in the territoriay treasury that, such surplus In excess .of $5000 should be available for the payment of such warrants as had been properly audited and approved. It is understood, that many warrants were audited at tha( time but that gOA-ernor Ross did not countersign them. In 1885, during tha Geronimo raids, another batch of $16, 000 in militia warrants was issued In Grant and nearby counties in payment of supplies and for services rendered because no cash was &A-alTable for the troops or they were too far -distant frpm a disbursing officer. M--' This is then, the inception or origin of the militia warrants. It can hardly be said that their origin was fraudu lent or CA-en inA'alid, or considering the times, illegal. Many other states re sorted to similar emergency measures and what is more, the securities based on them. haA'e been paid, either by Uncle Sam or by the States, the latter being reimbursed by the former. It Is set forth, however, that many of the warrants were- issued for exces sive amounts, that while a few may still be held by the original payees or in their families, most of them fell into the hands of speculators who bought them at three to eisrht cents on fc'the dollar. An instance is cited where a warrant of $12,000 was issued for an article worth only $70. The gross face of the warrants is said to have in creased to almost $600,000 or eAen a million dollars; that- for every dollar of A-alid Indebtedness there Is now ft i fraudulent claim of nine dollars.