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El Paso, Texas,
Tuesday Evening November 22, 1910-12 Pages El Paso's Rapid Growth Official United State3 Census. Population 1910 39,279 Population 1900 15,906 Population 1 890 . . .v 1 0,338 r- EEMSflHBHI M ' " i " v w- - m mm mbm BiwBmni - - - i i "JL - i ' DM I Ltd IN IVIlAIuU N Rlfinny uliLnun uLu I lUli; lin Inurl fiLOU UuuUriu llrrl I ft I H Ml li H ill I h American Witnesses Two III LA I UlJ i nUUDLLIJ j . v ... ... . i w mmp oar Mexico City, Mex., Nov. 22. Documents foiind in the house of the revolutionaries are said to have re vealed a conspiracy for a wholesale assassination of prominent government officers, including vice presi dent Corral, foreign minister Creel and other prominent Mexicans, among them editor Spindola, owner of El Im partial. "Washington, D. C, 2fov. 22l Senor Be La Barra, Mexican ambassador, received a dispatch today from En rique C. Creel, minister of foreign affairs, minimizing the seriousness of the Mexican outbreak. , At Zacateeas, where some reports stated 400 had been killed, Mr. Creel telegraphed that there had been no trouble. Leo. X Kenna, TJ. S. consul at Chihuahua, in a dis patch to" the state department, reported that the revolu tionists hadcaptured three towns in the western part of that state. The government, he added, had called a meet ing of business men for the purpose of preparing for the defence of the city. Erom Eagle Pass, Luthed T. Ellsworth, XL S. consul at Ciudad Porfirio Biaz, verified the press dispatches that revolutionists had xaken Comez Palacio, which later was recaptured by the government forces. The engage ment in which the revolutionists repulsed Diaz's troops occurred at 3 oclock yesterday morning. The rebels re leased all prisoners in the jails there and cut the govern ment telegraph wires at AUanda and about Torreon. Amfi-rir.ans were not molested. At general staff headquarters it was emphatically j declared, tnat xnere was nu ilhiu.u l axv .v.i Washington the disposition of American troops in the department of Texas. Gen. Hoyt has been given a-free hand. The 25,00 men under his command are regarded as ample for the work. 10 SOLDIERS M vii I rn nw DRinp MLLlu mi un ub Verification that 300 troops were sent out from the city of Chihuahua and met disaster at Madera, the head quarters of the Pearson timber inter ests, comes from a number of passen gers'. Frank Gilmore, a mining man. who Is leaving for his home in Cali fornia on account of the disorders around Chihuahua, says that many of the troops were killed by the dyna miting of a bridge -near Madera. It is reported In Chihuahua that governor Sanchez was appealed to fo" a. train to remove the injured from Ma CONSTITUTION OF EASIER OF AMENDMENT NOW' NpW MEXICO MADE Santa Fe. X. M., Nov. 22. At the ' 11th hour, just before final adjourn ment of the constitutional convention last night, it decided to reverse it-self and adopt the Roosevelt advice and make the constitution easier to amend than at first proposed. Instead of two-thirds vote, it will require only a majority vote to submit an amendment to the constitution aad only a majority vote of the people '.o ratify it, provided that majority vote Is equal to or exceeds 40 percent of the vote cast at the preceding genenl election. However, no amendments are to be offered by the first state legislature and only three amendments are to be submitted every eight years, while a constitutional convention cannot be held for 20 years. This concession has satisfied most of the Democratic lead ers and they pledged themselves to work for the ratification of the con stitution. Another concession adopted late last night was the setting aside of 30,000 flews of state lands for a fourth nor mal school, to be located in eastern New Mexico, by the legislature. The anti-pass clause was made more rigid but otherwise the' consti- ..t -rtrac flr.allv i-Tt i; it had been reported from the committee on i revision. I At the conclusion of its labors, the dera, and that the governor turned the matter over to Gen. Terrazas, sayi :g that he could do nothing. Another re port has it that Diaz ljas wired Ter razas appealing to him to restore or der in Chihuahua. That means mar tial law. "William Dale, a Chihuahua banker, has offered his bank building to pro tect women and children of foreign residents, and it is probable that that building and the foreign club, near by, will be employed for that purpose, Mr. Gilmore states. convention presented president Chas. Al Spiess -with a magnificent silver service. There was a general jollifica tion in the convention hall which did not conclude before the early hours of this morning. Most of the delegates will leave for their homes today, a committee of three remaining to edit the Journal and another committee of three to su perintend the engrossing of the con stitution. Reaf Love Feast. The convention wound up in a real love feast, in which both parties par ticipated. It was 5 o'clock this morn ing when the last vote was recorded. Everyone of the 71 Republicans voted for the constitution and signed it. Twenty of the Democrats signed it, seven are still holding off and two were absent. Nineteen of the Democrats voted against the constitution as a whole, but several of them declared that it ,was only to keep platform pledges and that from now on they would fight for the adoption of the constitution. A poll of the delegates from every county' gives a prediction that the con stitution .will be carried by at least 20.000 majority. Every Mexican delegate voted for the constitution and signed it. Including the one Mexican delegate on the Dem ocrat side. American Witnesses Two Battles at the Municipal Palace and One In Open. TROOPS REPORTED KILLED AT PARRAL That the uprising through Chihua hua is general, is asserted by A. G. Sprenger, a New York traveling man, who "was one of the refugees who ar rived on Tuesday morning's .National Railway train. Mr. Sprenger was an eye witness of the fight Monday at Gomez Palacio fn which the revolution ists captured the municipal palace. He also has heard authoritative reports from the condition along the line in returning to El Paso, he says. "The whole country is in arms," said Mr. Sprenger. "I was right 'in it and know what I'm talking about. I was in Monterey Sunday. All seemed quiet. There were plenty of troops. At the station I saw a passenger train arrive and about 30 men got off. Every one carried a Winchester, and they walked up the street. Police followed then, and returned saying that they had met a crowd up a side street- So the ru rales at the station started after them. I got on the train, and so I do not know what happened there. Coming up from Sablnas they had thrown stones through the windows of the 'Pullmans, and all of the passengers of the train were glad enough to get out Torreon Closed Up. "I got off at Torreon Monday moan ing, and we heard that Gomez Palacio was In the hands of the revolutionists. Everything was closed at Torreon, the banks and all, and business was at a standstill. "We heard that at 2 oclock in the morning they had started. A mining engineer and I took a tram car and rode over to Gomez and this is what we saw: "There were dead lying about the streets, and the whole town was crazy. Everybody was armed in the streets. Early that morning the mob had (gpne to the jefe's house, but he escaped. -Then they went to the-municipal pal ace and captured it. Soldiers Join Rebels. "Then the revolutionists got the sol diers to turn, claiming that the whole town was turning against the govern ment. There were about 300 soldiers, and I believe 200 of them joined the mob, and the Test ducked some place. They had shot the chief of police stone J dead, and all was excitement.-' Then '.more troops rushed up to the palace, j and they fought from about 6 in the morning to 8:30. "We got in a little after 7, and saw the whole thing from a side street. Rurales Attack Palace. "It seems that the rurales warned those in the palace that if they would not come out all would be shot. They just laughed at them, and told them to come ahead. The rurales made three -warnings, and then it started. They j drove thenout all right. But the revo- muonisis Kept oil iitjiit.ui. j-iie uu.Li.it: worked out into a field just at the edge of town. We stood up against a building and saw it all. In the mob were men and boys, some only armed with clubs. But they stood their ground. They had gone to the jail and freed 72 prisoners, and all of them were in the'fighting line. There were only 60 of the rurales. They got down behind some ties that were to be used on the tram line, and started pick ing off the members of the mob. The rurales were doing some good shoot ing, and finally the mob turned and retreated into the hills. A Second Fight. "Some of the revolutionists and sol diers had gone back to the palace to hold It, and when the rurales returned, there was more fighting. The rurales killed 11 in one volley, and seven ru rales tumbled over. A fellow showed me a bullet he had dug out of the wall of his house only a few inches from the window. He said his family were in the house, and he did not like it very well. Everybody was saying that the revolutionists in the hills had sent word that they would take Torreon be fore 6 oclock, and I shouldn't be sur prised if they did it. Tou see all the rurales and soldiers w.ere at Gomez. Scared In Torreon. "We got back to Torreon before noon. The jefe politico had ordered all stores closed, and the flags of foreign residents displayed. He said that the government would not be responsible otherwise. Torreon was like death. Everybody was frightened. We heard later that they had got two of the leaders at Gomez and shot them up against a wall. I couldn't send a tel egram to New York, couldn't do any thing but wait. When we got to a junction above Parral a crowd tried to board the train. They were all frightened, mostly foreigners. There were no trains to or from Parral on the junction all that day, they said. American Killed, Maybe. "We heard they had taken the palace at Parral, and that there -were 67 dead. They said that three Americans and two Spaniards had been killed. We tried to learn thejr names, but couldn't. We also heard that two bridges below Eagle Pass had been burned. At Chi huahua they had machine guns on the churches and on top of the theater, all training up the main streets. They looked ready. A train of trobps went from .Chihuahua at 9 oclook Monday night. They had an awful time getting a crew. Nobody would go. Finally they got an American engineer, named Reese, an old timer, and he said that lie was a railway man and would take orders. He went, too. They sent 10 . (Continued on Page Three.) Reports in Juarez today are that there has been further fighting today at Orizaba in the state of Veracruz, Mexico, where troops were called yes terday. All saloons were closed there Saturday, but the cantlnas have been broken into and liquor secured, whicn has only served to madden the crowd. There are 10,000 workmen residing in that city and they are mostly all said to favor the revolutionists. Rio Blanca, Nogales and Santa Rosa, nea by, are also cotton manufacturing towns and are said to be in a state of insurrection. Report has It that fire was set to several factories Papers Bring Belated Reports. Papers arriving this morning from Mexico bring reports that there was trouble at Orizaba as early as last Friday and that three officials, two of them gendarmes, were killed in riots. Plots were discovered there last Tues day, when the officials first began to take notice. The same papers bring reports th?At on Friday, riots were reported in many places in the sjtate of Jalisco and that governor Ahumada had sent trusted agents out to investigate. A number of small towns were reported to be in the hands of revolutionists even at P Gomez Palacio, Parral, Ma era and Other Places See Hot Fighting. MANY PEOPLE ARE FLEEING COUNTRY Parral is in a state of siege, and is cut off from the outside world, the jefe politico and chier cf police have j been killed and also a number of revo lutionists and rurales; Gomez Palacio is in charge of troops, seven rurales and 20 revolutionists "were killed there Monday and the remainder run out to tho hills. This report from the front was brought by American passengers on the National Railways train arriving in El Paso Tuesday morning. Amer ican men, women and children piled off the train from tne interior with all the baggage they could bring on short notice and all determined to get out of the republic as soon as possible. They are from all parts of northern Mexico, where the revolutionary trou ble and fighting seems to have reached its climax. Troops are being rushed to Parral and Gomez Palacio from Aguascallentes1 and Chihuahua in solid troop trains. Two of these weie passed by the Na tional Raliways train for tne north. No trains are running to Parral and no communication can be had with the mining town. The lighting there is reportedto have started at 11 a. m. Monday and continued through the day. The jefe politico and chief of police were among the first killed, it is said by the passengers from the interior. Other prominent Mexicans are also said to have been killed and It Is feared that J a number of Americans were also killed in tne trouble. Fierce FiSht at Palacio. At Gomez Palacio the. fighting was Troops Moved To Border At Night Del Rio, Texas. Nov. 22. Two troops of United States cavalry, fully equipped, left San Antonio late yesterday afternoon on a special train, one troop to go to Eagle Pass, one to come here. All is quiet and a strict watch Is being kept. From all reports reaching here, the trouble seems to be in the in terior. ' Troop K, Tnird U. S. cav alry. Capt. Arthur Thayer in command, is the troop now at Del Rio. The troop Is equipped for a stay of a -month in the field. It is understood other itroops will be sent from Fort Sam Houston within a day or two, to do duty along the Mexican border. Troop Li, Third cavalry, -went to Eagle Pass. that date. San Marcos was one of them. i Down With Americans. Reports from Pachuca, according to the papers, were that Americans were fleeing because of the attitude of many Mexicans. Cards reading, "Knl the Yankees;" 'Down With the Amer icans," "Kill the Gringoes," "Kill Diaz and hisx Yankee Friends," were posted eerywhere throughout vthe city of Pachuca as early as last Thursday and Friday. Milltnry Activity. Orders bad been issued even then throughout the country that any crowd gathering in the street will be ordered to disperse and If it fails, .the officer in command will order the troops to fire. Fifty soldiers have been sent fron -Sguascallentes to San Luis Potosl, ic is declared.' A dispatch in one of the papers fro.n Veracruz reports 'the arrest there on arrival from Merida, Yucatan, of Don Arturo Ponce and wife, from Merida. Paper, Suspended. El Diario Del Hogar, an afternoon newspaper, has been closed down by the authorities and Filomeno Mata. the editor, placed in Belem. This paper has taken an active interest in the ro cent demonstrations in Mexico City-, and is said to have done much to ii flame the minds of the ignorant class. OF F! PJlSfl fiercest, the revolutionists and rurales engaging in a hand to hand conflict in the streets of Gomez. There are comparatively few federal troops sta tioned there, and it is thought that this point was selected as the best to start the -trouble. The fighting started as early as 2 a. m. Monday and con tinued until the rurales overpowered tne revolutionistsand drove them into the hills with their dead and wounded. Twenty of the revolutionists were killed, according to the returning Americans, and seven of the rurales met death in the conflict. How many more were killed is not known, as the fleeing insurgents were seen to be carrying their dead with them. There are said to be 600 revolution ists in the hills surrounding Gomez and they -are gathering tnere from the cotton mills and plantations, where thev feeling is unusually strong against the' government. The recruits to the ranks of the anti-government forces are flocking to Join the insurgents. This district is tne richest manufac turing district in northern Mexico and the revolutionists are expecting to gain their greatest strength a. the nortnern zone there. 31ndra In Revolt. Madera, Chihuahua, is also reported to be in the hands of the revolution ists. Troops were sent from Chihua hua to quell the disturbances, but on the way from Chihuahua 25 of the 160 troops deserted to the enemy and when the remaining troops arrived at Madera, tne entire force joined the ranks of the insurgents, who are now in possession of the town, the return ing Americans say. At Guadalajara the riots of two weeks ago have not been repeated, but the strain is tene, Americans from there say. i The governor's palace is fortified with three machine guns and a force of rurales and federal troops, who have completely surrounded tne home of governor MigueJ Ahumada. The miltary forces in Guadalajara consist of two regiments of federal troops, one and one-half regiments of state troopa and a detachment of ru rales. Governor Ahumada's secretary has stated to A.mericans that the gov ernor was ready for the demonstration which was expected and would give a good account of himself. He is placing little dependence upon the state troops, who are expected to go over to the revolutionary side as soon as the fight ing becomes general. The federal troops are being depended upon, to gether with the rurales, to protect the city. ' It was reported Sunday that a force was gathering at San Marcos and Sayula. near Guadalajara. to march on the town and take It for the revolutionary cause. Americans leaving. Everyone in Guadalajara, as in the other towns of northern Mexico, is armed and ready for trouble. No trou ble was reported in Guadalajara Sun day up to the time the train left for' the north, Americans In the smaller mining camps have been warned to leave the country by their friends. One American received a telegram which said: "For the sake of safety, get out of the country. A Friend." Needless to say the advice was taken. Arms are being shipped Into Guadala jara. A shipment of 1000 rounds of ammunition was also received and the government officials 'nave been unable to locate, dt after its arrival. Ameri cans have been promised protection in the larger towns, but advised to leave the smaller mining camps and settle ments where they could not be pro tected. Refugees Come Here. At every stop along the National Railways, American families boarded the train and came to El Paso, where, they wil remain until after the trouble Is over, or well return to their homes In the states. 'One man who owned a store in Parral said he did not know whether he had a store or not now, (Continued on Page Three.) TROOPS HASTENED FROM GUADALAJARA TO TORREON TO QUELL DISTURBANCE. Thousand Insurgents Reported In the Streets of Tor reon, Mowing Down Opposition With Their Fire Heavy Death List at ral From the Clashes There madero Mexico at Head of His Army. . Washington, D. C, Nov. 22. nie success of the Mexican revolutionists in capturing several towns was confirmed in official dispatdhes today, but, notwith standing, it was reiterated by officials that reports through diplomatic channels indicated that president Diaz had the situation under control and the stability of the government is not seriously threatened. Mexico City, Mexico, Nov. 22. 1'esterday three bodies of revolutionists attacked the military barracks at Orizaba and liberated and araed tie rT oners. A group of a hundred revolution lts, stationed oh the summit of a nearby hill threw dynamite bombs Into the barracks. When the eiaier fled from their quarters and 'charged the assailants, another party of rebels attacked the prison, beat down the guards and liberated and armed all the prisoners. The 15th Mexican Infantry charged the revolutionists ud, after a hot fight, drove them back Into the woods. Fighting coatinHed un til O last night. The casualties are not known. There has been further fighting there today and the entire xecion is la a state of disorder. Great difficulty is experienced In getting authentic reports from the disturbed sections. The censorship is strict and in many instances the government has taken possesion of the wires to the exclusion of press dis patches. In spite of this, direct wires from. Orizaba tell of severe fight ing there. The authorities minimixe the gravity of the situation, bnt there Im a general feeling of uneasiness at the eapital. ' Fierce fighting occurred Monday at Durango, Torreon, Parral and Go mez Palacio, the latter falling Into the hands of the rebels. Three hundred of the federal troops at Gomez Palacio are said to have gone over to the Insurgents, who turned their attention to attacking the loyal forces at Torreon. There has been much looting and many were killed and wounded at Gomez Palacio, according to reports here today. WIRES ARE AM. CUT. The fighting began at Durango at 4r oclock yesterday afternoon and an hour later all the wires were cut. It is reported on good authority that 25 persons were killed at Zaca teeas. The government troops, it Is also reported, quelled the uprising there aiid are in control. The wires north of Monterey baie been cut and no reports are ohtainaIls from beyond that point. It is believed that the Insurgents are responsible for the cutting of communications. MADERO IX MEXICO. It was reported that Francisco I. Madero, the revolutionary leader, has entered Mexico with COO followers at some point between Eagle Pass and .Laredo. Gen. Geronimo Trevino, commander of the military zone In which; Monterey Is situated, has gone north at the head of a strong body of troops to meet him. THE GUERRERO RIOTS. It Is Impossible to obtain detail- of the fighting at Guerrero, state of Coahuila. Further than the statement that rioting occurred no word has been permitted to come out. Guerrero Is an isolated -village, far removed from the railroad with no telegraph or telephone connection except that of the 31exlcan federal line. t S3IEI.TER ATTACKED AT VELARDEXA. Eagle Pass, Tex., Xov. 22. Velardena, one of the biggest mining camps in Mexico, where a smelter of the American Smelting and Refining com pany Is located, Is reporte'lo be in possession of the revolutionists. The smelting plant was damaged and many Americans rOHghly treat ed, it Is reported. (Officials In El Paso of the American Smelting and Refining company have heard nothing of any trouble at Velardena.) Editor. TROOPS FOR TORREON ; CAROTHERS RELEASED. Guadalajara, Mexico, Xov. 22. Troops, iHfantry, cavalry and artillery, left here during the night. Their destination is believed to be Torreon. Carlos Carothers, the American who shot two men during the riots here, was released today, the authorities declaring he was justified In defending his home. DEATH TOLL AT TORREOX LARGE. Eagle Pass, Tex., Xov. 22. The death toll at Torreon, which, has fallen into the hands of the revolutionists, 1" reported heavy. A thousand rebeW armed with modern guns, swept the city with a terrlffic fire ' for several hours. Two troops Vnited States cavalry from Fort Sam Houston will get here this afternoon to guard the border, protect American Interests and prevent Mexican revolutionists organizing on this side. Tine condition Is quiet at C. P. Diaz, opposite here today. Madero, who Is leading the present revolution, Is bewteen here and MInero. It Is reported here that IS soldiers and seven revolutionists were killed In a battle at Gomez Palacio. BROWXSTILLE FEARS TROUBLE. . Brownsville, Tex., Xov. 22. Mexican authorities are taking great pre caution to cope with any uprising at Matamoras and vicinity. Matameras is surrounded by a line of sentries. Guards at military headquarters, the jail and the hospital have been doubled. The fourth battalion of infantry has replaced the ninth battalion, which was transferred to San L.ms Potosl last week. It Is reported that 1000 troops are on the way here from central Mexico. There is a strong antl-DIaz sentiment In Matamoras, where Diaz started his first revolution many years ago. Information has reached here that all rifles and ammunition In Mata moras In the state of Taraaullpas were seized today by Uent. Col. Hernan dez, acting under orders from governor Castellot. SOXORA BORDER QUIET. Bisbee, Ariz., Xov. 22. Although it has been rumored foe some time that arm have been smuggled Into Mexico 'from near Xaco, the officials oT both governments deny the report. The situation alone the border in Sonora is quiet and the authorities of both governments say they fear no Mprislng. PRISONERS TlBERA TED; TORREON IS A TT ACRED "When le attack on Gomez Palacio! was made by revolutionists, 70 prlso- J ners in the federal prison were liberat- j ed and immediately joined the insur- j gent forces, according to an American I traveling man who returned Tuesday morning. This was one of the first moves made by the revolutionists. It was also reported that TorreonJ was attacKeu last nignc ana naa ian en. Further reports of the fig-hting at Parral were received by the travel ing man who came up from Jimenez. One account of the battle of Parral was that the fighting started early ! Monday morning and continued tintll noon when a truce was declared and jefe politico Valles, who had been sent there from Chihuahua, ws given until 6 oclock to surrendsr. Upon the ex piration of this time the attack was renewed and the jefe -either killed or had fled to the mountains where he is Gomes Palacio and Par In - in hiding. It is almost certain that the chief of police was killed. At Jimenez all of the stores were closed during the entire day .Monday and nothing could be bought in the town The government has confiscated all arms and ammunition and none can be obtained in the district. Upon tha arrival of Americans from the mining camps and small towns they were closely questioned as to their business and identity. Upon giving satisfactory answers they were gven a fire urm and 50 rounds of ammunition, the trav eling man says, and told to protect themselves and their property. This is considered as a part of the general plan of protection which the llexican government is pursuing. At Chihuahua, the Bnglisfi subjects are arranging to. go to Mexico City as soon as any real trouble starts ami they will place themselves under tha protection of the English consul gener al there.