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.EL PASO HERALD
Saturday, December 10, 1910
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The "best informed real, estate operators among us who
have acquainted -themselves with conditions in other cities as
well as here very generally make the statement that there is
a larger ratio of the kritizens of El Paso who own their own
homes than in any other city in the United States. This am
bition on the part of the resident of El Paso to stop paying
rent and own his own home began a. long time ago. The
effort is being made in an ever increasing number of cases.
This depends,. probably, upon several conditions. We have, gener
ally speaking, a more prosperous class of citizens here than
elsewhere, and so more of them are able to. acquire a home
for themselves. The high cost of rent a few years ago gave
a great impetus to this policy of securing a, home. The possi
bility of living out of doors is a strong influence against
life in flats and apartment buildings or family hotels. The
wide expanse of the territory in and near the city and tfne
comparatively inexpensive style of house necessary in this
climate have added their influence. The abundant street car
service and low rates of fare have aided, and the tract sub
divisionists have done a great deal to jnduce buyers to invest
in a -lot on whfch sooner or later the intention- is to have A
Thing for All
These conditions are not only beneficial to the people who
secure their homes and thus save rent, but make the city a
more desirable place for residence for all. The . population
owning homes is a more stable one, one with more v civic
pride, one better off and more intelligent, and above all one
more moral and law-abiding. Where' the people generally
own their own homes you are likely to have much less indus
trial disturbance and civic strife than anywhere else. You,
are pretty sure to have more intelligent and earnest interest
taken in civic affairs, "with the result of better government.
With the detached home, however modest the cottage may be,
if surrounded by a comfortably large lot, the children have an
opportunity of being out doors most of the time, and so grow
up more healthy, and health of body is usually a, concomi
tant of health of mind, and some Of the philologists insist that
"wicked" is a corruption of "weak" head." x
The underlying impulse in the minds of those who have
bought tracts of land and cufc them up into lots for residence
purposes -when they have pressed these upon the buyer on the
installment plan may have been to dispose of their holdings,
but, however little philanthropy there may have been in the
policy, it has been an exceedingly good one. Some of these
subdivisionists have cut up raw land into ordinary building
lots, some have taken pieces of country far away from the
center, even considerable distance outside of the city, and
have made quarter-acre, half-acre and acre-building lots. They
have had a dozen, may be a soore, of energetic, bright sales
men (and women) who" have talked into the ears of thousands
the desirability of owning one of these lots. The subdivision
ists -have done a great deal to give the city the stable, intelli
gent, law-abiding moral citizenship sure to be found where the
people own their own homes.
The Street Railway
Of course this development would not have been possible
had it not been for the splendid street car service inside and
outside the city furnished by the rapid transit railroad opera
tors. It is the wonder of all tourists who come here and go
over the lines, noticing the far-reaching ramifications of the
several lines, the comfortableness of the cars and the fre
quency of the service.
The result & a11 the above is 6, 8, 10 and -12 story steel
and concrete buildings, and a general movement onward and
upward in every part of. El Paso, Texas. t i
Columns and columns have been -written about the Ele
phant Butte storage reservoir and its effect in the "develop
ment of the-southern Rio Grande valley in Texas, known as
the El Paso Valley, since the government started to build
that great irrigation project. Other columns, quite equal in
number, have been written concerning the immediate effect
.upon the El Paso Valley, and yefcother columns and columns
have been written dealing with the development of ,the El Paso ,
Valley under the stimulus of capital and modern farming
Practically everything that has been written and said in
conriectioncwith tiie development and the future of this valley
is literally true, for it is almost impossible to overdo it; yet
it is doubtful if one man in a thousand in the Southwest has
any adequate conception of just whatthe future holds for the
El Paso Valley or of what has already been accomplished
there. It is, indeed, extremely doubtful if the people who
have made their "homes in the valley -for many years and who
live there now, realize just what has heen done and what is
certain to be done in this marvelously fertile region.
' But if the people in the valley do not realize what they
have at hand they are. going to going to realize it very quickly,
for the El Paso valley is just now experiencing an awakening;
its people are being stimulated' to an, activity which is going
to. carrv the valley to the very front rank of the great farm
ing districts of the world. It. is .a little bit difficult for the
average El Pasoan, the man -who has lived here all his life
and who has become familiar with all of the trials anddis
couraging conditions bound to surround the development of a
new country to realize just what an impetus has been given
to the El Paso Valley By the coming of the substantial aid
of the national government. The people of the lower Bio
- Grande are in no wise to be blamed because they have not
taken advantage of the riches at their own doors in years past.
They didn'fc have the money and it was difficult to get it;
because people with money were hard to convince- But the
go'vernment came along. It's engineers had' worked out and
approved a plan which had been formulating in the brains ot
pioneers for a quarterof a century, and when it was an
nounced that the government had taken hold and would put
through the great Elejhant Butte project,, the country, or that
vast portion of it interested in fanning at once began to look
toward the El Paso Valley ;-people with money began to go
there to look over the ground, and once there they stayed,
while' more came and 'more are coming; rich and poor, all of
them finding, the. opportunity for which they hart been seek-
ing. If it is haijd for the old resident to realize what is
going on at home, it is an easy matter for the newcomer to
see it, and the newcomer isn't holding back.
While it is probable that the people of El Paso and the
El Paso Valley do not yet realize the full breadth pf the de
velopment to which the present activity is going to carry them
they have a pretty fair,idea that something is doing in the
' development line andthey are taking hold with an energy "and
a push and" enterprise which gives final proof that all. the.
' people of the El Paso Valley need is a chance.
There is always a reason for everything, even breakfast
foods, if the advertising is to- be believed, and there is an,
abundant reason for the large crops bhat have been produced
in the yEl Paso Valley during the present year.- Water alone'
will not produce bumper crops in orchards and on ranches un
less the soil is composed of materials that will respond to' the
irrigation and cultivation grven to it by the practical irriga
tionist. In no country in the world is there the 'intensity andT
abundance of plant producing efcments as in the soil of the;
El Paso Valley. Xot only is the quality the equal of any
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known region, but the quantity of the rich plant foods is
practically inexhaustible. Having been built up from the silt
carried in solution from the upland countries to the north,
then is no surface and subsurface soils that represent the
sum total of the fertility of the land, but it extends down
for a hundred feet and all that is necessary in order to re
fertilize the land after the removal of a crop is the deep plow
ing and breaking of. land by the farmers.
,This soil has never been leeched of its energy by the ex
cessive rains such as fall in the mountain valleys of Colorado
and the north. The rainfall is not a factor in the agricul
tural industry, and what does fall is immediately absorbed by
the ground and there is very little erosion to carry away the
plant food. Coupled with this fertility that is stored in the
ground is to be considered the continuous fertilization caused
by the flooding of the fields by means of the border system of
irrigation in use in the valley. The dun colored waters of the
Bio Grande are anything but poetic in their appearance, but
what is more important commercially, they carry ton after ton
of the richest soil from the highlands and deposit it in solu
tion on the lands of the lower valleys, including"the El Paso.
Ditch cleanings are saved and distributed over the less produc
tive spots in the hay fields or the orchards, it being the best
fertilizer obtainable. Low places are built up by means of
the settlings of the river water and unproductive places are
brought up to the "level and fertility of the remainder of the
field by means of the rich silt.' .
The intense dryness of the atmosphere in the El Paso Val
ley is another active agent in the great production of- this sec
tion. This dryness causes a rapid evaporation through the
stems of the forage grasses and grains. With an abundant
supply of water constantly being run onto the land by the
irrition ditches, the plants are able to carry this moisture
through their systems,, absorbing their plant foods and caus
ing a luxuriant growth which enables the grower to produce
many times over the ordinary yield of the rainfall farms. This
supply of water canbe controlled with the' exactness that the
electric supply ex a factory is estimated, and it is in the power
of the planter to produce-returns that would be considered
little less than wonderful to the uninitiated.
Ifc is not -necessary in the El Paso Valley, where intensive
cultivation is the keyword to success, for the "new settlers to
wTuthe half of "a township in order to make a living for him
selfand his family. Twenty acres is considered by the ex
perts to be an abundance of land for one man to work in this
valley. Even ten acres can be made to produce double the
yield "of a tract ten times its stze in an unirrigated country.
"All that is necessary for -success jn agricultural pursuits In
this, the home of agriculture, is thatv the farmer be a farmer
and stay on the job every day in the year. 'A speaker at the
, irrigation congress defined the difference between the farmer
and the agriculturist as being the difference between the man
who made his money on the farm and spent it in town, and
the man who made his money en the farm and spent it on the
farm. The-farmer class is what is needed in the El Paso Val
ley, for it is necessary to be constantly at work improving,
leveling and cultivating the land in order to get the best re
sults. The agriculturist is welcome, but his farm will not
show up with -his neighbor if it is only given a portion of his
Land in good condition, ready for cultivation and provided
with water rights under the present system of community
"ditches, sells from $100 to $200, according to location and
condition. Unimproved land, hy which is meant land that has
not been cleared and" seeded for crops, can be secured for half
this sum. per acre, anil even cheaper. A costly house is not
necessary in this land of temperate climate, and a tent offers
fdeal sleeping facilities at every season of the year. By the
application of the proper diligence in caring for his tract, the
first season farmer should be able to mak.e a good payment
on his land bought, live comfortably and be able to save a
little for the rainy days that seldom come in this land of
perpetual sunshine. The second year will enable him to re
move all encumbrances from his land and he will be in a
'position to add to 'his acres. 'Such a course will lead to cora
plete independence in a few years.
WRITE TO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING FOR FULL AND COMPLETE INFORMATION
NEWMAN DTFESTMENT CO., 226 Mesa Ave., El Paso,
AUSTIN & MARK, Caples Bldg., EI Paso, Texas.
A. P. COLES & BROS., 204 N. Oregon St., El Paso, Texas.
TO. MOELLER, Herald Bldg., El Paso, Texas.
MAPLE & CO., 209 Mesa Ave., El Paso, Texas.
J. R. FISK, Trust Bldg., El Paso, Texas.
LOOMIS BROS., 202 Texas St., El Paso, Texas.
LATTA & HAPPER, 207 Mesa Ave., El Paso, Texas.
MATHEWS-CHAMPLIN REALTY CO., 117 N. Stanton
St., El Paso, Texas.
BUCHOZ & SCHUSTER, Caples Bldg., El Paso, Texas. '
H. L. HOWELL. Herald Building, El Paso, Texas.
ANDERSON-FILLER REALTY CO., 27-28 Bassett-
Edwards Block, El Paso, Texas.
CASSIDY & DAVIDSON, 211 Mills St., El Paso, Texas.
HATTON REALTY CO., City Nat'l. Bank Building, El
LONE STAR LAND CO., 213 Texas St., EI Paso, Texas.
R. C. BAILEY LAND CO., Orndorff Bldg., 306 Mesa Ave.,
JOSEPHUS BOGrGrS, 15 Morgan Bldg., El Paso,-Tex.
FELIX MARTINEZ, 14 Plaza Block, El Paso, Texas.
PETERMAN & LANSDEN REALTY CO., Ysletar Texas.
PENCE BROS.. 217 Texas St., El Pasor Texas.