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Real Estate, Classified and Too-Late-to-CIassify Ads.
on Pages 14 and 15. Real Estate, Classified and Too-Late-to-Classify Ads. on Pages 14 and 15. Iff SUBJECT Rockefeller Provides For Study Of the "World's Worst Diseases r. EL t:j"T7 "o a T Tl il JlL iAJbiJJ I 1 1 ; 111 7fn Rjnnij iUU liIUull L- - marnm meme , , aHsSft Eejections at the Recruiting Stations Show U. S. Weak Nation Physically. FEDERAL RAILWAY v MADE TO PAY Washington, D. C. Dec 1G. The United States army has the greatest percentage of Venereal diseases among men comprising its personnel of any army in the world; tne hookworm also exists ill the army; there is a shortsre of guns for the field artillery, according j to tne report of the secretary of war, J- "W. Dickinson, made public today. He also decries the shortage of of ficer? witn the troops, 'declares that ! desertions aref being annually reduced . and shows that a federal railroad can J be made to pay by quoting figures to show that the Panama railroad piled j up a nice sum of net earnings during I the year- j The secretary also offers some food j for reflection on the possible physical degeneracy of the nation in the large number of applicants for enlistment re ported rejected as unfit for the service. Touching- on the latter he says: In making enlistments durine: the year the recruiting 'officers examined 100,996 men, of Whom Sl,&78, or about j SI percent of the whole number, were rejected as lacking in eltaer mental, moral, or physical qualifications. Of this number, however, 12,429 or about 12 percent, were rejected because of lack of prior military service. ' THe essential features differentiating the present enlistment system from the methods' formerly In force are that ap plicants are not now enlisted at recruit ing stations, but are merely accented there and then sent to recruit depots ! for physical examination and enlistment j if found qualified. Under the new sys tem, each recruit upon Arrival at the depot is carefully examined by army mPdioal office . of MnpripnnA- fnr. mnv irhArA r-Pniitctim-A 0i;t0H stations, the Tecruiting officer had to rely on the advice of civilian physicians unfamiliar with tbe requirements of the military service. , ' Diseases in the Army. Of the existing diseases In .the army, j tne secretary makes the following somewhat startlipg. statement! The diseases causing the greatest noneffective rates inhe army were in the order of their importance: Venereal diseases, tuberculosis, articular rheu matism, malarial fevers, dysentery, acute bronchitis, typhoid-fever, diar rhoea and enteritis,, -and measles. "While tlie Infectious diseases generally showed a diminished prevalence tnere is un fortunately no improvemen-ln the sick i rate for venereal diseases, which caused during the year more sickness and non efficiency than -all the other diseases named in the preceding sentence. As regards venereal diseases the American army maintains its bad eminence as compare.d with the armies of the other great nations. The number of men constantly excused from duty averages 975, the equivalent to more than an en tire regiment at its peh.ee strength. If congress should authorize the stoppage of pay in the case of men unfitted for duty on account of these diseases .and alcoholism, it might exercise a de terrent effect. . Hookworm in Army. Hookworm infection has been found in considerable proportion of southern bred recruits. At the recruit depot, Co lumbus Barracks. Ohio, a routine exam ination of all southern bred recruits ad mitted to hospital during 14 months. 264 in number, showed 99, or 37 per cent, to bejnfected. Asthe severe cases are excluded by the recruiting officers before reaching the. surge'ons, it is rea sonable to suppose that the percentage In most of the southern states is 'nigher than 37 percent. This infecfloit exists also in the Philippine Inlands. Diseases in Colonial Possessions. Alaska,-as in former years, had- the best record of health, in' which it de cidedly exceled the United States, which stands second, followed by Porto Rico, Hawaii, and the Philippines in the or der named. The rates for the Pnilip pines, however, improve year by year, aud now approximate more closely to those of the United States than those of the United States do to Alaska. A remarkable fact is that no deaths occurred from sun stroke or snake bite among the troops in the tropics nor from cold among the troops in Alaska and along the northern frontier. Panama Railroad -Pays. That a government railroad can be made to pay is shown by the following: During the past fiscal year the opera- j tions of t'ne Panama Railroad company have been carried on under the "open door" policy. After meeting the total cost of operation, together with fixed j charges, aggregating $4Ji,oi4.iif ana charges for depreciation of rolling stock, floating equipment, and com missary plant, amounting to $544,887.12, the net earnings during the fiscal year amounted to ?1,254,777.80, the greater part of wftlch amount was applied to a reduction of the company's Indebted ness to the United States on account, of sums previously advanced under the authority of congress. Desertions. For a iumber of years, past extraor dinary efforts have been made by the department to reduce desertion, says the secretary. It is gratifying to be nWe to rpnort that the number of de sertions "was 30.6 percent less than for vi nrftpprHnir war and that the 3464 I rtpcpi-tinns irive a nerceirtc:ae"of 3.66 for 1910 against 4.97 for 1909. J Strength of Army. The actual strength of the regular army is 4310 officers and 67,459 en listed men, a total of 71,769. As com pared with the strength reported last year, this shows an increase of 101i of ficers and a decrease of 4381 enlisted men, making a net decrease of he reg ular army during the year of 4280. These figures do not include the 348B men of the hospital corps nor 166 of ficers and 5100 enlisted men of the Philippine' Scouts. There are 21 general officers in active service. In the Philippines there are 10,962 regular soldiers and in Alaska 1128. In Porto Rico there are 604 and in Hawaii 1371. lletired Officer. Eighty officers were retired during Erects Hospital Where Sur geons May" Cjariy on Their Researches. ' T i?eW "4T ,,."", a, rsult ot New York, Dec I v. As a result of r""" "' v?w t 7 , VT " tixe new" hospital or the Rockefeller J institute, the most' extensive investi- gations ever undertaken in the history of medical science will be made of the cause and cure of mortality- producing diseases. , The first diseases toxbe studied by the coterie of eminent scientists In charge of the-new -hospital will be infantile paralysis, a scourge that has been reaping' a rich harvest through out the large cities of the world. The disease attacks all classes of children, aid even if a .child recovers it is disfigured- for "life. The afflicted limb of the little pa tient ceases o grow during the rav ages of the disease while the other members continue a normal development- Mortality among those affected is very high. Serum as Preventative. Tiiat human serum derived from children who have passed through an attack of paralysis possesses neutral izing power for the virus of paralysis in animals has been stated already, says Dr. Flexner. "It can now be ctated that t possesses therapeutic value also.' "When the injections are begtfn 24 hours after the Inoculation of the virus, the -development of paTalysia can be entirely prevented in a certain number of the animals, while in an-' other number the onset of paralysis is much delayed. "The serum treatment of infantile paralysis is as yet in its infancy," Dr. Flexner continued, "but with our added means for observation, together with the unequaled scientific appliances em bodied in the new hospital, it is not improbahle that we may see the. last of this devastating affliction." This new hospital will serve as a "most valuable aid to the doctors in their work of investigation. In it, the patients suffering from the particular disease under investigation will re ceive -the best medical care that sci ence can prjoduce and, at the same time will be objects of study to the medical savants in charge. Study Special Diseases. The resources of the hospital must the fiscal year 1910, eight less than were retired during the preceding year. The total number on the retired list on" June 30. 1910", was 1015, as. compared with 1000 -at the corresponding date the previous year. elimination of Officers. I renew the recommendation made in my last annual report in regard to the passage of a measure providing for the elimination from time to time of a rea sonable number of the least-efficient officers and the filling of their places by new officers. The enactment of legislation on this subject was recom mended by two of my predecessors. Mr. Taft and Ml. "Wright, as indispensable to the efficiency of the armv The number of officers absent from their commands on detached service on June 30, 1910, was 728. The only sat isfactory way to prevent the. very bad effects of this necessary condition upon the discipline and instruction of troops is by the enactment of legislation pro viding a sufficient number of offi"ers for the performance of all the various duties which the army is required by law to perform. I regard the increase in the nunfber of officers of the army an'd the elimination of the least effi cient officers, as two of the most im portant measures for increasing the ef ficiency of the personnel of the army. Military Academy. On September 1. 1910, there were 416 cadets at the military academyy as com- Pared with -ill on the correspondin uaie xne previous year. included in this .number were two cadets from Cuba, one from Costa Rica, one from Ecuador. nnd nni from "Vn:Miln At V10 ,-oc ent time there are 122 vacancies for the appointment of cadets. Airships. All European first class powers are devoting a great deal of attention to the subject of military aeronautics, and are displaying marked activity in the de velopment and supply of botn the dir gible and the aeroplane for war pur poses, while the United States is prac tically at a standstill in this matter In my judgment the time has come when it would be wise. to make appro priations adequate for providing the signal corps with a reasonable number (Continued on Isext Page.) The new hospital o the Rockefeller institute. John D. Rockefeller, the donor (on the left) nnd Dr. Simon Flexner, the American scientist who is In charge of the investigations to be carried on in the near future. The top cut shows the methods employed In innoculntlng rabbits with disease prevalent among mankind be used primarily to treat all the dis eases with which the community hap pens to be afflicted. They cannot with out breach of trust be diverted at will to the study of this or that disease which at a given time presents "the most desirable or hopeful field for re search. The hospital of the Rocke feller Institute, on the other hand, will select from time to time a small num ber of diseases say three or four admit only patients suffering from these diseases, and consecrate the skill and entire time of the staff to the care of these patients. t From the standpoint of the sick man, woman, or child this will mean the enlisting of all the known forces that J can fight for his recovery. From the standpoint of medical science it will I moan an almnct iinnnn1pfl nrTriT-iiTilti'- 1 for study the study of selected cases with freedom to consecrate all the re sources of medical knowledge and the , "" " eiBnin noor is a glass most scientific methods, if need be, on ! foom r photography and off from this a simple case is a dark room. There is no connecting t tt i ' door 'Dut an ingenious "labyrinth" Perfect Hospital. j serves to shut out the nsht complete- During the preparation for the plans I ly. The labyrinth has black walls, but of this newest building the architects j the wafls of the dark room iself are spent nearly two years before they j white. The basement floors are used drew as much as a line on paper. A ' for dispensary work, entrance for am hospital designed strictly for the pur- "bulance patients and quarters for the poses of study is an anomaly in hos- servants and laundries. t - $ V & f, LLs llWffWWWMn ' yiWflifflWl w'm nWkmff v ' h'i ' m w ffirTVTi3igFmff Two views of the .baby sanatorium, just completed at Cloudcroft, the summer resort among the pines, "the " itatcn or tne babies in the summer." This institution i erected by the phllnnthrouic people of El Paso and a 111 be Ihe means of saving many a little sufferer- It Is built for children vhose parents are unable to pay for them aud for tho0 who can paj ; its maluv object is to "save the babies," regardless of whose babies they are, if they are in need of the relief that surely follows their visit to this wonderful resort after suffering in the heat of n lower alti tude from complaints peculiar to babies in -warm weather, pital architecture. The new building has 11 floors from the riverside view, j but only eight from the driveway on the west. t 4 The first floor is devoted to execu tive offices and the quarters of the medical staff. The second floor is de- voted to the nurses' quarters. Each is provided with a sitting room, bedroom and bath. On the third floor there are workrooms and small laboratories. The fourth, fifth and sixth floors are the ward floors. Tlhe south end of the fourth floor is especially designed for the practice of hydrotherapy. That on the fifth is to be used for a general diet kitchen. The sixth has a constant temperature room for experiments in metabolism "- Ingenious Arrangements. The seventh, floor is entirely occu- I picu uj juuura.iurieij. Among Otner Sanatorium At Clovd?roft m n z f! 5 WF 0 V " ? S fll H SB V 5P"k 4" I A 3 ff"fc Bk V fL. h Blfli EL PAS 0 Ony Democrats Put Signa tures to Mew Constitution For Arizona. GAVEL OF THE PRESIDENT STOLEN Phoenix,. Ariz.,, Dec. 10. The consti tutional convention of Arizona adjourn ed sine die at 5:44 o'clock yesterday afternoon, after being in session CI days and finally adopting a constitu- j tion. One Republican only, John Langdon, of Globe, signed Vhe document, lie j was given an o-ation which lasted j several tmiiiutes. . One Democrat, Ellinwood, of Bisbee, j declined to sign, explaining that he j voted with ihe opposition because he believe.d the recall, as applied to the judiciary, would destroy the independ ence of state courts and invite the dis approval of president Taft. Tuthill of Greenlee county was the only other Democrat who voted against the constitution, but he signed it. Langdon was also the only Republican who voted for it, the final vote being 40 to 12. Souvenir hunters looted the conven tion hall during the noon recess, and the gavel of president Hunt, which he intended presenting to the territor ial historian, was purloined. He an nounced that he would not sign tho r navroll of the emnlnws nf th enn-ron. tion until the gavel was returned, but it was still missing on adjournment. The campaign for the ratification bv the people at the election, February 9, will begin immediately. . 1 NEW ROOMING HOUSE OPENS IN EL PASO Theaiast recent addition to El -Paso's list of "rooming houses is "The xAyres," at 210 "ft. Missouri street. This is a newly finished house, conveniently lo cated and thoroughly modern through out. There are twenty-three large airy rooms with private bath, and each room is supplied with furnace heat. The house is to be conducted as a family hotel. The furnishings, which are all of a very high grade, were supplied by the El Paso Household Furnishing company. SELLS 00 ACRES AT ST.".. The Tornillo Townsite company re ports the sale of 60 acres of land at Tornillo at $7o an acre. Tackles, Murder, Gambling and Various Other Knotty Questions. HAS ON A NEW WHITE WAISTCOAT Bulgin was resplendant in a white waistcoat at Fridaj night's meeting i jn the tabernacle. He also wore a frock coat. Not only did the evangelist employ his trousers pockets for the hands when tfhey were not waving, ,but he often placed his thumbs in the arm pits of the white waistcoat after a point was driven home. Bulgin only tackled one question. He said that they were coming too thick to answer them all. A man wrote about another man telling a He on the witness 3tand, and dropping dead the other day. The writer mentioned something about "God being my judge," and Bulgin said was just it "he is.' "This southern Idea about shoatin a man down for callin' you a liar is all poppycock," said the preacher. "If you are a liar, thank him for tellin' you so. If not. you know it and God knows it." It took the evangelist about five minutes before he dug into the gambling evil. Then he lammed it three times before proceeding to his text arid sermon. "They told me at the police station tonight." he said, "that they had a 13yearoId boy who stole $750 from his father to gamble in Juarez. ' If you would stay away from the gambling In Juarez, boycott the games, those Mexicans over there would starve to death. It's your fault. The Kohlberg murder all originated in this gambling business." From the text. "Wilt thou be whole," Christ's words to the cripple, the speak er talked about psychic suggestion. He said that was all there was to the pow er of Dowie and Mrs. Eddy. He preached that without faith "all Is lost," and that the golden rule is good enough after salvation, but will do no good oetore. tie employed many .homely parables to show his point, telling some stories about Bulgin. He compared "take up 3-our bed and walk" to Sherman, who burned the bridges behind him. Bhlgin will talk Saturday night on "Refuge." CHARLTON MAKES A HARD FIGHT I&- Ordered Sent Back to Itaiv for Trial for Wife Murder. s Trenton. N. J.. Dec. 10. Judge Rell stab, in the 'United States circuit court today granted a writ of habeas corpus in tTia rrsck rf pATtnr i.Zi o y-7 tAn iVi ?a accused of having filled his wife, Mary c ... - , i-ii. i. .. -r i r, Scott Castle Charlton, at Lake Como, TtiTv Tlif nrmrt nlsn "ranted n -wri-ft nf i certiorari for bringing the case before him on December 19. Secretary of state Knox yesterday de cided to accede to Italy's request for extradition, bur said the questiou of the prisoner's sani-.y was c-ne for the courts and not for the department of state to decide. Today's action therefore brings the matter into court. Secretary Knox, granting the request of Italy for the surrender of Charlton, holds that the fact that Italy refuses to surrender her. citizens to the United States for trial, does not relieve this nation from the obligation of the ex tradition treaty to surrender to Italy, I fugitives from justice from that coun try. CANTT TTFVLO WANTS I m" t Vi n nmTrri-rriT, TO GET POSTOFFICE Joe Spivey and R. G. Gonzales have j established a general store at Canutil- 16 and application will be made to tho postal authorities for the establishment j of a postoffice there. Spivey says they have sunk two wells there, one of them 19 feet deep, on the road, and another 23 feet deep further back on their land and have a good supply of water. Farmers in that section aro hiiminrr t the brush on their Jand and are prepar- trical world and the room is so ar Ing lo sow wheat. There are a num- j TOnse(3 that it can be darkened and the ber of new settlers arriving in this sec- use 0 the different fixtures demon tlon, most of them American farmers. strated Herald Beats All Other Papers This is taken from a telegram sent The Herald tins morning and is a sample of the. words of praise that this papejr receives every day on the careful and complete manner in which it is' covering all the" news of the present Mexican trouble: 3IariX Texas. Dec 10. Editor ITerald, El Paso: .-Hon. Luther T. Ellsworth. United States consul at Eagle Pass, Texas, stated here that the revolutionary nfovement in Mexico, especially in C'hihauhua, is more serious than imagined. He stated that "the. El Paso Herald is giving the fullest and most reliable accounts of happenings in Mexico than any other paper in the United States." H. H. Kilpatrick. Judge Kilpatrick is editor of the Marfa Era and former county judge of his county, one of the pioneers of west Texas. Herald readers will recall the .-words of praise received this week from Del Rio on the conservative manner in which The Herald has handled the Mexican matter. General Meeting to Bring Bodies Together Will Be Held Here. GEEATER SOUTHWEST UNITY THE PURPOSE Plans to launch a new business as sociation with EI Paso as its center were formulated Friday afternoon p,t the regular meeting of the board of di rectors of the El Paso chamber of com merce. It is planned to interest all enambers of commerce, . uornmrein,! clubs, or where t?nose are absent, prom inent officials hi EI Paso's tra-le ter ritory. Litters addressed to suwh bodies or persons will be sent out over a territory with the city of Chihuahua on the south, Albuquerque at the north, Sweetwater onj the east una Tucson on the west. Jleetin to Be Held Here. Interest in the formation of a new association will first be tested, and if favorable, a meeting will be called in EI Paso. The proposed association is planned as a wheel within a wheel to work with other organizations of this state and the territories, but particu larly to bring the southwest, with Its many state governments, into closer harmony. Frida3-s meeting was a particularly busy one, and the discussion of various propositions occupied most of the aft ernoon. -W. W. Fis'ner, of Chicago, pre sented a proposition to issue a book; about El Paso and its locality, with ma terial regarding the city's history, its progress today, and the story. of Its most prominent citizens. The board ac cepted the proposition. Tappan Sargent, a former New York newspaper man, who wrote the stories of Utah, and Lower California, immediately will be gin the compiling of material for the story of El Paso, and the southwest. Joins Commercial Secretaries. W C Barrickman, of Fort Worth, spoke for the Texas Commercial Sec retaries and Business Men's associa tion, from which the local chamber of commerce dropped out a few years ago. He said that tne organization, which promotes legislation and publicity for the state at large, was anxious to se cure El Paso's cooperation, and that J. AT Happer 'had heen offered a vice presidency in the organization. He said that he wanted El Paso represented at the state meeting, outlining in brief the many activities of the association. The board joined the association, and an ef- fort will probably be made to make a subscription for the work. Judge J. E. Townsend, speaking for Cloudcroft, asked for and. secured the endorsement for the movement which Is being made to establish an automo bile stage line between Roswell and Tularosa by way of CloudcrQft. or with a branch line to tne resort. This is sug gested in view of the threatened aban donment of the Vaughn line, and it is hoped will interest Roswell an Cloud croft and do away with the talk of the New Mexico city's building a resort o I its own. It also will improve mail serv- ,ce n ?& if1- .. . At the meeting 11 applicants for 'lJZw i,o k -.,- 1"c""v"io - merce were accepted. ELECTRIC FIXTURES A LEADING- FEATURE Plav Proniineiit Part in the Erection of New Houses These Days. More attention Is being paid to proper wiring of residences'and the uss of artistic and convenient electric fix tures than ever before. Attractive fix tures perhaps do more to enhance the appearance of the interior of the noma than any other one thing. The EI Paso Electric Supply company which has long made a specialty of this kin oC work- is always ready with helpful .suggestions along jhese lines for the prospective home builder. Mr. Binkley. the manager, is an electrical expert and "has planned some of the most uniaue and attractive lighting ef- fects in the city. Mr. Binkley is al- wavs readv to slve expert advice with- f out in any way putting the inquirer "nder obligations. The fixture rocon of this company contains every modern fixture and elec- ..ii u -Lr-.-.. - ti& oipn I