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Saturday, August 19, 1911 EI, PASO Established April. 1881. The El Paso Heraia Includes also, by absorption and succession. The Daily News, The Telegraph, The Telegram, The Tribune, The Graphic, The Sun. The Advertiser, The Independent, The Journal, The Republican, The Bulletin. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS AND A3D3R. KEWSP. PFBMSHEBS' ASSOC. Entered at the Postoffice in El Paso, Tex., as Second Class flatter. Dedicated to the service of the people, that no good cause shall lack a cham pion, and that evil shall not thrive unopposed. The Daily Herald is issued six days a week and the "Weekly Herald Is pub lished every Thursday, at El Paso. Texas; and the Sunday Mail v T7Mirt aion sAnt r Wftltlv Subscribers. Edition is also sent to Business office Editorial Rooms Society Reporter Advertising Department HERALD TELEPHONES TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION. $2 G0 Daily Herald, per month, 60c; per year. ?7.00. Weekly Herald, per year a. . The Daily Herald Is delivered by carriers in El Paso East .El Paso. o Bliss and Towne. Texas, and Ciudad Juarez. Mexico, at 60 nfs a montn A subscriber desiring the address on his paper changed will Please a in his communication both ZhQ old and COMPLAINTS. , .,, n- Subscribers falling to got Tho Herald promptly should call at the "? JJ telephone No. 115 before 6:30 p. in. All complaints will receive prompt alien tlon. -- FORBZON BUSINESS OFFICES. tjmi The John Budd Co., Brunswick Building. New Tork; Tribune Buiiaing. Chicago, 111., and Chemical Building, St. XiOuis, Mo. GUARANTEED CIRCULATION. The Herald bases all advertising con tracts on a guar antee of more than twice the circula tion of any other El Paso, Arizona, New Mexico or "West Texas paper. Dally average ex ceeding 12,000. Why Exempt $ rft$iG& The Association of Amer- 5 aWAlBi ic Advertisers has. ox- ? ) ySmtr ammed and certified to ? J -Hi- theircaIatiomof thispab- ? Iic&tian. Tho Rgurmt of circslatiom C S contained in the Association's re- c ? port only are guaranteed. ( Assoriatien of American Advertisers S i No. 1 646 WHtEkall BId. . Y. City j THE AFFAIR in Juarez brings up the whole question of those gambling "concessions." The belief is steadily growing that the keno games in Juarez possess no concessions at all. Some persons who claim to be well informed declare that the keno permit was only a local permit paid for at the rate of so much per night and possesses none of the features of a government concession. The raid on the Juarez gambling houses assisted the public treasury quite materially. The seizure of gold and silver in such large quantities is a much more convenient way of obtaining money than through the ordinary channels of taxa tion. It may be that sincethe general gambling houses were established with all their variety of games running wide open, the keno games found that their income was somewhat impaired, and it is possible that the keno interests them selves have instigated the action of governor Gonzales. It does not seem reason able on its face that mayor Medina would so persistently violate the laws and defy the orders of his superior as would be implied by the stones of the situation as told in Juarez. Whatever the motive, the closure is a mighty good thing for Juarez and El Paso and also for the state of Chihuahua and all of Mexico. -The running of all kinds of gambling wide open, as has been the case in Juarez the last few weeks, is a shameful .disgrace, and it ought not to be tolerated in any decent community or civilized country. The same arguments that apply to the miscellaneous games, however that have been closed in the raid, apply with no less force to the keno, which is one of the worst robbing propositions of all. If it be true that no state concession exists for these games that the governor feels bound to protect, nothing ..!. , arwai muld do would place him in greater favor with the more enlightened people of his state than to put a stop suddenly, and permanently to SucTlctioTwould win also the appreciative approval of all the people of El Pao- but the governor need not consider that phase of the situation, but need only consult the wishes of the intelligent and 'respectable Mexicans themselves them selves to satisfy himself of the great harm that is being worked through the running of the keno games. In view of the fact that a general-raid on the keno houses is expected any night under orders from Chihuahua, it wauia seem to be the part of wisdom for aU Americans to stay away from the places if they wish to avoid a term in jail and the loss of all their ready cash. Mayor -Medina will perform a great public service if be will lay bare all the facts in connection with this curious episode. t "On to Roswell!" There are plenty of bargains in valley land right now for people who really want to farm. t , Funny thing that when cantaloupes are selling 12 for a quarter they are still 25 cents apiece in the hotel dining rooms. , , -o '35 in El Paso what you cannot buy in your home town," and the El Paso stores rightnow are offering the best bargains of the year. o A Democratic organ refers to the "labor pranks of the 1908 Democratic plat form." Can it be possible there is a typographical error? A Mistaken Policy FOR A VARIETY o'f reasons the claims of persons injured and of the relatives of persons killed on this side of the line in Arizona and Texas with bullets fired by Mexicans during the battles in Mexican border towns, ought to be pressed vigorously on the Mexican government. No course of action could be more certain to react unfavorably upon the interests and personal status of Americans in Mexico, than the attitude of complacency and neglect which has character ized the policy of the American state department in connection with these killings and woundings. Immense claims are preferred by Germany, Great Britain and China on ac count of injuries sustained by citizens of those countries in Mexico as an incident to the Mexican revolution. Whatever the law and the precedent may be in this case, it appears to The Herald that the right of indemnity is no less in the case of citizens of a foreign country killed and wounded by shots fired across the international line as they were in the battle of Juarez and the battle of Agua Prieta. v The failure of the United States to act promptly, vigorously and decidedly in connection with this matter is nothing short of contemptible. Such a policy makes no friends in Mexico. It tempts the lower element in Mexico to outra geous excesses wherever grudges are cherished, and it subjects Americans both in the interior of Mexico and along the border to the insults of an ignorant class who see in our neglect and misguided magnanimity nothing but weakness, hesitation, or fear. These claims should be taken up by our state department on its own initia tive, all the cases investigated, and vigorous representations made to the govern ment at the Mexican capital. To let these wrongs pass unredressed can only leads to repetition and greater injury in the future. El Paso business men will rejoice at the new schedule on the Mexican Na tional railway. They can now visit Chihuahua, without much loss of time. o Magnificent peaches come from the Meailla and El Paso valleys. This fine fruit "will become more and more of a staple product of this region. The Tularosa and Carlsbad countries also produce splendid peaches running evenly, of large size, plump form, and 'exquisite flavor. o The Arizona Democrat quotes Mark A. Smith as saying that "Taft has no right to interfere in statehood." Mark thought the Republicans of Arizona had no right to interfere with his uninterrupted connection with a federal salary, too, but they exercised the right nevertheless. ( o The alleged fear of annexation used by the demagogs in Canada to stir up feeling against the reciprocity treaty is only a bugaboo so far as the United States is concerned. Canada is just as likely to capture the United States and conceal it somewhere about her person, as we are to annex the dominion - ) t HERALD "Weekly Subscribers. Bell. 15 2020 10" li0 Auto. 1115 020 tne new auuro - HERALD TRAV ELING AGENTS. Persons solicited to subscribe for Tha Herald should be ware of lmposters and should not pay money to anyone unless he can show that he is legally authorized by the El Paso Herald. the Keno? U NCLL WALTS THERE is no use in cussing when things are going wrong, for saying things and fussing won't bring good luck along. If fortune treats you meanly you'll find that it will pay to go around serenely, and smile the good old way. There is no use repining if you have got an ache; there is no use in whining as though your heart would break. It's best to sit and suffer your little pain and grin; your luck might be much tougher than it has ever been. Sometimes the gods correct you, and if you give USELESS DOINGS no screech, your neighbors will respect you, and say that - you're a peach. There is no use in ranting; the quiet man is best; that mouth is most enchanting which often takes a rest. Just do some silent thinking while jogging on your way; so many tongues are clinking and clanking all the day! Copyright, 1911. by George Matthew Adams. Ct&M 1M Success Talks To Men and Boys The Crime; Against Our Naturalization Laws F ROM my usual Success Talk I am j turning today to a qViestlon In which every patriotic citizen of the republic should be interested. The wholesale method of granting- citizen ship has developed Into an abuse which 'is purely American. The -plain purpose of our naturaliza tion law is to exclude from the elec torate persons who fail to inform themselves as to the nature of the government under which they are liv ing. No abuse can be more pernicious than our wholesale granting of the suffrage to men who know nothing and care less about our American in stitutions. Recently one judge in New Tork naturalized 600 in one week, while an other naturalized 500 and there were still 1600 more waiting to get their last papers so they could vote the coming fall. A similar condition pre vails throughout our whole land. Be fore the coming fall elections our courts will be busy manufacturing hordes of the most debased and de graded aliens Into voters to nullify the votes of Americans at the ballot box. I have visited the naturaliza tion bureaus of New Tork and have seen men driven in droves to the courts by unscrupulous ward heelers; they were put through the courts by pendence, the birthdays of Washlng the wholesale at lightning speed by ! ton and Lincoln, and dedicate to grate- the aid of subservient judges and then i drlven to the polls to vote as they were told. Glory In Creating "Citizens." There are judges in every great city throughout the United States who glory in their achievements in shov ing foreigners through the naturaliza tion mills of their courts at a rate of speed which makes it 'certain that these judges have no regard for the sanctity of the oath which they have taken. Think of it. Rushing 600 foreigners, almost imbeciles in their Ignorance, through the naturalization court In about 20 hours. The number of ap plications for citizenship every year is so enormous, it would be impossible for the court to test the character of each very thoroughly; but it seems to have become the custom not to attempt any such examination, the court re quiring only proof of five years resi dence and two persons who will tes tify to good character. In some cases the clerk conducts the examination whjle the court is busy with other matters. Eighty Percent Illiterate. Eighty percent of our immigrants The Terror of the Desert (By Ed Raits.) THE small encampment of white tents stood in a palm grove A which bounded the village It rwas little more. A raid had 'been made upon the hardy French settlers by a wandering band of Arabs, and much blood had been spilled. So a paternal government had sent a regiment of zouaves to revenge the dead and pro tect the living. The famous "Legion of the Lost" had done Its work well, and the Arabs had been badly defeated and swept back into the desert whence they came. The expedition was practically at an end, but one small punitive band was not j'et returned from its business of destroying an Arab village .which had given shelter and help to the marau ders Henri Lemolne paced before his tent. He has spent almost all his life In Africa, His mother- and her husband had come from France when Henri was a -child of two. No word of her story had ever- been told, but she treated her husband with a quiet scorn that people soon found was well deserved. Gusta-vje Lemolne was one of those men born with a kink in their natures. He simply could not keep straight. Madame eked out a living by skilled embroidery and fine washing done for the ladles of the garrison. Her husband after a period of loafing and hanging around the most disreputable cafes in the Arab quarter, suddenly took it into his head to enlist . Gustave Lemolne was universally disliked and distrusted by his fellow soldiers. Then came a crisis in French af fairs in Africa. There was trouble, se rious trouble, with the tribes, and all through the preparations information kept leaking out which handicapped the authorities. Lemolne had never given up his trick of haunting the Arab quarter. And suspicion fell upon him. He Justified the suspicion by sud denly disappearing, and the next thing heard of him was a report that he had been seen in the following of a rebel sheik, and was supposed to be train ing the Arabs in the art of war ac cording to the French fashion. Madame Lemolne met her trouble in a manner which won the respeot of all. She held up her head proudly, and declared her determination to bring up her little son to take his father's trtace In the regiment and redeem that father's bad record and she kept her word. Henri was 24 when he stood looking out over the deser,t sea of sand, and he was already on the way to become : a corporal, with a good prospect of promotion before him. Something has broken the level open rim of the horizon something that resolved itself into a swirl of dust that grew as he looked. The camp turned out to watch, and the cloud on the desert sea grew and grow, till a troop of men and horses was visible. In to the midst of their cheering comrades swept the avengers. They had, done well; they carried out their orders, without losing a single man, and they had taken a prisoner, an Arab, a man of stately, dignified fig- ure, bronzed and bearded, who sat on Denatured Poem By Dr. Madison C. Peters today can neither read or writ the Entrlish language. What do theycnow about the constitution of the United j States? I have seen Judgft3 obliged to quit their chairs in order to get a breath of pure air and to escape for a moment the vile odors, and the police compelled to resort to force to pre serve order. "What respect can such citizens feel thereafter for the ballot they thus acquire. Often they do not seek it f and more frequently it is thrust upon them. They value it so little that they have not taken the trouble to inquire about its advantages. If some party driver did not hunt them up and agree to pay, not only court costs but something more, they would not consent to become citizens. Baptized at a font of corruption when assuming the character of American citizens, what but misuse of the power thus ancmired is to te expected of a large proportion of the citizens thus made? Mafce Naturalization Solemn. I would make naturalization as sol emn and impressive as a patriot's march to battle. We have national holidays for honoring, ror rejoicing, we celebrate the declaration of inde fUj memories of our patriotic dead, worthy recognitions of history and patriotism. There should be an other .sacred day or days in the na tional calendar- times appointed by law, wherein the qualified alien might assume the rights and duties of an American citizen, 'under circumstances of investigation, dignity and solemnity, commensurate w4th the great event days on which commerce should cease, labor suspend, the schools be closed, the flags float from the public build ings and the bells of the churches be rung. "Let the federal courts be the scenes of the final act, wherein shall be gathered the officials of the common wealth, the men, women and children; due preliminary notice being given, let a judicial inquiry be publicly made as j to the qualifications of those who seek citizenship and if they be found worthy under the laws, let them assume the new obligation and bearing their title of honor, be welcomed by the applaud ing people and the recipients of such great prerogatives become themselves objects of observation and congratu lation. The Herald's Daily Start Stry Wshorse like a statue in their midst, With true eastern impassivity he dls- mounted -when ordered, and after & brief questioning by the colonel, to which he returned no reply, he ,was lead Into the guard tent and strictly watched. Later the colonel and his officers h-eld a court, to which came many peo ple of the village those who were left of them. Before them was placed that tall, still figure. Once or twice the large brown eyes swept round the circle of stern, white faces, but he spoke no word. His sentence was inevitable. He was to be shot at sunrise the next morning before the regiment started on its march. Henri stood dreaming beside the tent where the Arab apparently shed out the last hours of his life. The young man shot a glance of al most pity at the long white figure, and as he did so it stirred and rose to a sitting position on the ground. He could feel the dark eyes scanning him, although he could not see them; then, like a man in a dream, he heard a voice call him, softly, in French. "Henri!" the voice called, and he glanced round wildly. "Henri!" One more, faint and clear, and then an addition, "My sn!" For a moment. the desert wheeled be fore his eyes, and then, with a cold clutch at his heart, came the realiza tion of his hidden fear. "You are my son. I knew you; you resemble Madeline, my wife. And then your name, my name, Lemolne how strange it sounded! I heard them call you, In the court today. They did not know me fools. I did not speak lest one should know my voice. But when I had found you, I knew that I had found' safety. My horse it Is tethered near I heard It calling me It is of the desert breed, and none can catch it Loosen these bonds three steps, and 1 am free. "Speak! Answer me unnatural son." But the silence of the east seemed to have fallen on the young man, and he answered never a word. The hour came at last, with a stir in town and camp, a blowing of bugles and a rattle of arms. Henri was re lieved from his guard, to prepare him self for his other, worse task. He has been appointed a member of the firing party. In his ears rang his father's last words: : "I will pay the debt." The sharp rip of the rifle volley rang out, and with one wild scream the Arab fell a huddled heap in his bonds. After the volley, a single shot. The men of the firing party stared In each other's faces, and one of their number sank slowly to the ground. "Henri Lemolne! My God! What does this mean?" They raised him fearfully. He was not dead, but was going out fast. "Why? Why? stammered his captain. "It was a debt I owed. He was my father. I could not free him I could not kill hlm and you must have shot me anway. I disobeyed orders I " There was no time for a priest he went too fast, and went believing he had paid his debt in full. But his fel- Iowb mourned him as a hero.- The Multiplicity of Nationalities Presents Problem In School Work Frederick T.Haakin Three-Fourths of the Boys and Girls in the JJnited States Are Educated In Public Schools. I FULLY three-fourths of the boys and girls of the United States end their education in the com mon or elementary schools; conse quently the common schools consti tute the most important department of the national educational system. That this Is fully recognized by the nation Itself, is evidenced by the enormous expenditure for the support of these schools. Nearly 300,000 buildings are now being utilized to accommodate the 18,000,000 pupils enroled in the public schools and the valuation of these buildings approximates $1,000,000,000. The expenditure for the support of all these schools very nearly reached half La billion last year, which was equiva lent to an expenditure of $27 for each pupil. Bight Years of Graded Work. The common school system of Amer- ica provides for eight years of regu- lar graded work, beginning with the primary and ending with the final grammar grades. In most of the larger schools, the primary grade is Dreceded by one or two years of kin dergarten work. The requirements of the eighth grade are practically the same in all American schools, including those ori the Panama canal zone and the insular possessions. The course of study has v outgrown tne original three R's and includes systematic grade work in writing, reading, Ehg MoVi oHthmfttln. sreography, United States history, vocal music, drawing, ! natural science, physical culture and, j in many of the schools, a certain amount of manual training work, al though this last subject is restricted in the smaller towns by the lack of provision for Its equipment. The growing demand for manual training work, however, indicates that within the next few years it will become as much a part of the course In the pub lic schools as reading or writing. Developing Uniform Standard. The development of a uniform stand ard inschool work, for which ecmca tnT-3 TinX'p been long striving, has been i so nearly completed during tne last decade, that there is very little dif ference in a year's grade work in any part of the country. With a certain allowance for local requirements, as has been said, the common school course Is so uniform that a child mov ing from one state to another is able to take up his school work in the same grade. s With the attainment of this unifi cation of standards In the grades, now comes the feeling that a greater flex ibility in the curriculum of the high er grades must be secured. It is gen erally agreed that the first six years of school should be devoted absolutely to the study of the fundamental branches, but there is a growing dif ference of opinion as to what the last two years should embrace. Since so large a percentage .of the pupils never rise higher than the common schools, it is advocated by some that these should be arranged to give the greatest possible amount of general culture to those who are not able to give a longer time to scnoui. Many children are compelled to go to work early, and will make great sac- rlfices to complete the grammar Ada Patterson THE art of getting along is in large part the fine art of getting along with difficult people. For we are all difficult, all hard to get along with; men think it of women, women know it of men; friends hold this estimate of each other, and ene mies holding it, express it in stronger degree. Everyone has a character angle, some of us have several of them, which irritate our associates. The success ful person is one who ignores these angles or transforms them into curves. I heard two wmen talking of such a woman on the subway the other day. "I hear that Jim Smith gets along with his second wife all right. They do say that he worried his first one into her grave," said the first woman. "Yes said the second woman," Matilde's great. I was there one day when Jim got to fussing. "He was al ways an awful fusser. He came out out of his bedroom blue in the face. Look here' he said with some extra words I wouldn't stain my lips to repeat. 'Just look at the tear in these pants. "Matilda looked at him and smiled. She would smile at a lion with its Jaws open to eat her, and I'll bet that after that he'd never have the heart to eat her. 'Jim,' she said 'you're mistaken. That isn't a tear. It's a rip.' What did he do? What could he do? He laughed and then It was all over. For if you can get a man to laughing, and the woman, knows enough not to say anything more about the cause of the wrangle, she's won the day. "Yes, she's great. Another time I was there he had hysterics again. I suppose you know that men have hysterics as well as women. I thnk it's horse and horse, just as many hysterical men as women, only In men we call it cussedness. Same thing. He was having hysterics all right, fret ting with her about something that was nothing. I wondered how long she'd stand it. Well, she didn't show that she was roi'ghed up a bit, if she was. She just smiled, looked him In the eyes and said: 'Smith you're ex cited'. 'She got him to laughing, and of course, had her way." Don't you agree with the second woman that Matilda was great? She had applied the healing salve of humor. If she can lead a person to look humorously at what he regards ser iously, a strained situation has re laxed, a rupture has been healed, a break mended, a chasm bridged. A genius at getting along is a busi ness woman I know. Her employer Is tubercular, bilious and dyspeptic, a combination that does not make for amiability nor justice. That man boils over In wrath with a volume a geyser never displayed. And when the mighty flow is over, what remains of his es sence of fault finding and vitriol of vituperation extends itself in mean lit tle trickles of sarcasm. Like most coarse natures he mistakes Insolence for wit. Once there was an eruption within my hearing and the business woman with the genius for getting along with people encountered it mid stream. To my amazement, when the boiling and sizzling had subsided, I heard my friend reply in cool, civil voice: "Thank you for pointing out my mis take. I had much rather you showed it to me than that any outside critic should have done so. I will profit by your explanation." The man's sickly face silhouetted school; for these a liberal curriculum, with several elective studies, is advo cated for the seventh and eighth grades. In opposition to this it is urged that when too many subjects are undertaken, the result is a super ficial conglomeration of facts of no particular value to the child, and those who hold to this theory insist that the last two years had better be spent in solidifying the fundamental studies taken in the previous year. In a large number of schools, however, the intro duction of algebrat, more advanced natural sciences, Latin, and one or more modern languages is being tried with good results, both to the child who finishes his education in the grammar grade and the one who goes on to high school. i Has a Unique Problem. The United States has a unique problem in its common school system not found to such a large degree in any other nation In the world. This is the multiplicity of languages with which it must cope. The ever-increas- Ing tide of immigration brings each year thousands of non-English speak ing children into the public schools. In order to make these efficient citi zens, they must be aided to complete the work of the elementary schools, handicapped at the beginning by the fact that they do not understand a word of the language. There are pub lic schools in the cities In which no less than five languages are spoken, although all are supposedly English schools and only English is taught. But when the children come from for eign-speaking homes, with no know- ledge of the language of the country, they must be met by someone with whom they can converse intelligently before their real education can begin In public school No. -4 in New York City there are 2000 children, fully 90 percent of whom are foreigners, yet by the excellent syatem of instruction provided, even the children who never hear a word, of English at home are able to speak It correctly before the school year expires, and by means of this school training are generally able to secure self-supporting positions at an early age. The school Is one of the largest and best "immigrant" schools in the country- Beside its principal and supervisor, it has 51 j regular, and six special, teachers. The j children are taught all the ordinary elementary branches in English, and in addition have a very systematic and well arranged course of manual train ing. The girls are taught sewing and domestic science in all its branches for the care of an American home, which differs materially from those of their own land. The cost of this school is higher than most of the common schools of the country, as its average expenditure reaches $30 per capita annually. California's Problem. In California the number of children speaking foreign languages has influ enced the legislature to pass a bill last year providing that in every city of the first class there shall be at least one public school in which the French, German and Italian languages shall ' be taught in connection with the work: In English. The value of this plan has On the Art of Getting Along against the dark background of his roller top desk, was a study In suc cessive stages of surprise, gratifica tion, relief and the admiration of one trained Intellect for another. He knew that he had been ill tempered. She had construed an ill natured outburst into measured instructions. When she rose to leave his office, he stoopedand picked up a paper that had slipped from her lap and handed It to her with a bow and a smile. She smiled .buck. When she joined me her face was a shade paler and was strained. But her voice was absolutely controled. "He has proved that he deserves his reputation as the most crotchetty man in the business. He ought to be in a sanita rium," I answered. "Why do you bear it?" I asked in a sudden burst of sym pathy. "Because I know what I want," she answered. "I have a goal in view and this post is one stage on the road. I have determined that no personality and no peccadillo shall stand in my way." "And how do you bear it?" I varied my question. , "By thinking of Ahe man himself as little as possible, and when I do, as a poor thing whom I pity for his in firmities, and whose ultimate I plainly see. A business office is not our own nor our friend's drawing room. Busi ness hours are times of struggle, not of social intercourse. The time spent In talking of other than the business in hand is wasted. We don't select our business associates, and we don't have to like them, nor should we assume that they like us. We have only to school ourselves to endure them and be civil and expect more than civility from them. It's a hard law, but it Is the law of business life. Laura In History; Means; Persons (Copyright, 1910, LAURA is one of the few female names that do not admit of abbreviation. The famous bal lad, "Annie Laurie" should not per suade the unknowing that it Is the proper thing to substitute In the Christian name "ie" for the final "a," for the "Laura" referred to Is a fam ily name, claimed by English baron ets. A garland of leaves and flowers is Laura's emblem and "reward of vir tue" her sentiment. Like the name Laurenqe or Law rence, Laura is derived from Laure and means "laurel crowned," Besides St. Lawrence, the Roman, there Is an English saint of that name, the suc cessor oX, St, Augustine as archbishop of Canterbury, but no fit. Laura. Neither was there a female laureate. The patron saint of girls named Laura is Gudula, of whom it is re corded by St. Hubert that she once hung a pair of gloves on a sunbeam penetrating the church window, and there they hung for more than an hour. St. Gudula is represented carrying a laurel crown. Our forefathers associated the name with the gift of prophecy, which gift, Abe KAartin Don't take nothin' t'day 70m caa't put back tomorrow. Two homely people al ius seem so clad t see one another not yet been decided upon by educa tors, but a number of these schools are now In operation and are desig nated as "cosmopolitan" schools. One of the most important problems now confronting the educators is that of devising some plan of grading that will be flexible enough to meet the individual needs, thus making some provision for the laggard, who does not keep up with his class. Under the present system fully 15 percent of the school children of the country are repeating their work each year at a great detriment to themselves, as well as a great loss to the country. The money cost of the repeater in school is estimated at over $50,000,000 annually, and this sum. Is practically wasted, since children doing the same work the second time ger little if any more value from it than if completed in one year according to the plan of the school system. It is claimed by some that the pres ent course of study in the common school is planned for the unusually bright child instead of the average or dull child. Whether this is true or not, the fact remains that a. compara tively small number of children com plete the full eight grades without repeating at least one year's work. Statistics indicate that at present the (Continued on Next Page.) 14 Years Ago To- From The HeraM Of rfotT ThtoDe 18S7 UV L M. Goodman is up in New Mexico on business. Gen. Williams, of Socorro, came down this noon. Senator Turney and wife, returned today from Alpine. E. A. Shelton returned last night from Santa Rosalia. The joint warehouse has been given a. new tin roof. A. B. McKle left this aftenaooa for Roswell on a business trip. C. J. Larmier, of the T. & P., return ed this afternoon to Dallas. Mrs. Rosseter and Mrs. Desmith left this afternoon for Colorado Springs. Manager Faulkner, of the Pecos Val ley road, has gone onto California, There will be a county teachers ex amination on Friday and Saturday next. Mr. Harvey, of the Steam Laundry company, left for Buffalo, N. Y., this morning. Mrs. Younge, of Toyah, who has been visldng friends in this city, returned home today. Al Watson and wife left this after noon for Colorado Springs by way of Fort Worth. The Postal Telegraph company's messenger boys are dressed in gray, and look very neat. B. Blumenthal and L Kline left this afternoon over the T. & P. for a busi ness thip to New York. A fine new mellophone was received last evening by George Barber, the solo alto of the McGinty band. George Langston, T. & P. agent at Cisco, has returned to his station after a short visit in this city. W. F. Hempel, formerly with the Consumer's Ice company, has a posi tion with the Mexican Ore company. The Mexican Central that came up last night was a case of "and the cat came back." It was no thoroughfare with a vengeance, and there is no train, today. The river took on another boom last night and was running nearly bank full today. The canal was also full and has overflowed its banks in several places. Mrs. Tozec, of Roswell. sister of J. Calisher, arrived this afternoon with her children from California, and is visiting with her brother en route to the Pecos valley. First Lieut. Charffles W. Penrose, of the 1th Infantry, and brother of president Penrose, of the Common wealth Mining company, of Arizona, is at the "Vendome. Professor Joseph Smith returned from Granada this afternoon, and Mrs. Smith and daughter will some soon. They will for the present be domi ciled at Chopin hall. What the Name Who Have Borne by Henry W. Fincher.) or assumption, led many a poor woman to the stake in the days of witch burn ing. Later Laura was welcomed as tha personification of poetry. It was also firmly believed that lightning would not strike a house the mistress of which was named Laura. There is no queen Laura, but' the queen of songs, the imperishable Laura of Petrarch. She was the wife of Hugues De Sade of Avignor, Petrarch's chief lyric, called "Rime," and which, was composed in the course of 40 long ytars in honor of Laura, which moved Byron to the question in "Don Juan": "Think you, if Laura had been Pe trarch's wife. He would have written sonnets all his life?" Byron tells us of "Laura, a Vene tian Lady," in his Beppo, the equiva lent of our "Joe." "To Laura" Schiller addressed the first poetic effusion that attracted the attention of the critical. The Laura Schiller loved was the pret ty wife of a Stuttgart captain named Vischer. The Swiss form is Lorl, and the French Loulou; the Italian Lauretta and Lora, Next names: Cora and Corinne, No. 80; Theodora, No. 8l Ursula, No 83.