THIRTY-FIRST YEAR OF PUBLICAHON
superior exclusive leatures ana complete news report O 'JE2?sr M
Leased Wire mm WW Special Correspondent V?12ZJr?3t.
loe. west Texas, Mexico. Washington. IX C, aad W0,,,. -,
fuDiisKeu trwdwwi co, ma: H. i Skater hwmI eEmataiaaT"
dent; J. U Wtlmarth lowner or SO perceat) MM2u"!.,g,n5ri1
Serosal owaecLameag 11 stockhoMtn waa.-are as ftrtfcw: -ItSS-S
1J sien7jrA7 Smith. J. J. Mundy. Water Davis. 11 A. True. Me
uiennon" estate. w. 1". i-yne. K. O. Canbr O. A. Martin. FeHs- Martinez.
A. L. suarpe, and John f. Ramsey.
AN IMDEPENDf-lNT DAILY NEWSPAPER
iICAXBD TO TK3t SERVICE OF TH PfiOPLS, THAT 0 QOOD CAk7S2v
SK&.LL IACJC JL fSAXPiOV, AJTD THAT EVIL SHALL WOT
a. D. Slater Eduor-in-Chief aad twtnKiE owner, has directed The Herald for
14 years; G. A. Martin is Kcws Editor.
L PASO HERALD
Monday, February Twenty-Sixth, 1912
A Congressional Display
OF ALL fool things that the congress of the Unite States ever attempted, the
redaction of the cavalry arm of tbe'aefVice from 15 regnaeats to ten, de
manded by the lower boose, is oae of the most idiotic. There was a great
debate over the measure, but argaments seamed to have no effect. The advocates
r i the reduction presented tables to show that the proportion of cavalry to total
T-ace strength in the regular establishment of Europe nations ranged from 14.5
co-n to 8.1 percent, averaging 10.6 perceat, while the proportion is tie American
regular army is 16.6 percent at present, sad would be somewhat less on mebiliza
t on On this showing, the reduction was demanded by the house of representatives
a :c lme with good military usage aa well as ecouetuy.
Taking into conaaieratiott the fact that the organised miatia, which constitutes
part of the fiat kne of defence, has only 4900 cavalry, much of it far helow stand -ard
in efficiency, it ought to be plain to oeagwes that the force of 13,500 regular
cavalry, part of whicfa is necoconrfly detached oa foreigH service at all times, is only
a bare nucleus for any cavalry force that would have to be thrown together in time
The percentage of cavalry to iafaatry is the uaiom amy at the beginning of
the civil war was stualL but it steadily rose, until it reached practicaMy 30 percent, as
compared wkh the leas than 10 percent that would he available bow upon the
mobihzatioa of the first 200,000 troops, regulars and reserve, in time of war. It
would thou be arjcanosry to build up a. volunteer cavalry force of 20,000 men addi
tional at least, hence it could be said that the-army was duly balanced; and volun
teer cavalry cam sot he recruited, aouated, armed, drilled, aad taught the essentials
of practical cavfcioacy in the field, within six mouths or eveu a year, adequately to
fight through a sedous war.
France, with two-fifths our peatdatioB, has nearly six times as much regular
cavalry. Gexaaany, with three-fifths our population, has mere than five times aa
saudi regular cawaacy. Sawaia, with one aad a half time our papulation, has aiae
times as much xogufctr eaaalry. Mexico, with less than oae-eeveuth our papulation,
has zaoxe thaat half as much regular cavalry.
Clearly, the xsgaiac cavalry should be wgotdod aa the nucleus for the cavalry
branch of a moctnsed force of 200,000 sea, rogalans aad miKtia reserve; and not
mewly as the oaealry branch of the small petaaaaeat army. Moreover, cavalry
sowadays m regarded ia actual caapaigaiag more often as mouated infantry, an
xceedingry moafle ioroe for quick transfer from point to point; there is little use
ic modern warfare for the heavy cavalry of the older tactics, aad these troops are
apt to eater am actual otsffiot uaaaouBted. But the ability to move than quickly
is oftea tie inriifiir. point ia a campaign, especially in any region where railroad
ec water truant nrttiitr is sot readily available, aad reads are poor.
Cavalry is the most useful arm of the service anywhere west of the Mississippi
river, aad wffl he foe a goat maay years. Ia the west, ordinary people living out
side the laageot cities habitually travel horseback, aad this indicates and proves
the normal aad urgent meed that exists for moaatiBg troops if they are to be of any
use in actual campaigning. R was a costly lesson the United States learned trying
to fight wild iudiaas with foot soldiers in this western country, aad it ought not to
he necessary to go over that bloody ground again.
Fifteen regiments of cavalry are little enough, as a basis far the organiza
tion of the cavalry force of a "feat army" o 280,88 men. It is hardly to be sup
posed that the senate win stand for the mistaken aad aaagereas peMey of reduc
tion ceatemasated by the bill watch passed the house of representatives.
Three moving picture teams are oa the ground, ready for the show.
"In the course of time the whole world moves aroaad to tie man who stands
true," says Kmersen. Aad mo every man tMaks the world wiH have to make
the first move.
Uncle Sm did not order the additional troops hose aay too soon; El Pasoaas
were rapidly getting so excited about. tMags hi geaeral that they forgot to go home
to meals. The troops will act as a sedative and they wffl also he here to take part
in the parades for the CattlemeaV oaaventjoa. El Paso goes right oa stringing lights
and hangfcg bannem, aad pretty sooa 5000 coaveadoa visitors will come piling in
here to wear out automobile rises chasing battles.
One of tie very oldest soastots at Waettagfcoa, a man -who has been in the
senate saore than 20 years, and a reooeafsed leader, iatrodwed a short speech in
the senate the other day with these words: "I greatly diaBke to say a word in
the senate the older I get the more reluctant I feel to speak before this distin
gumhed body." & there a touch of sarcasm in that? Does the senator mean that
the senate manifests a dtepoaitioa to do away wkh real debate? Or is it just the
beautiful modesty of maturity?
AHOTHSR qirnsnlcir is fmt of trouble. He that is nasaed Enrique, a hair
tonic mnimfhfifuTPT ia Chicago, has been complained against by Katie
Hoonaaa, oa the grossd that the tonic made and sold by Gonzales does net
do what is dahaei for it. The Chicago judge, a sort of drainage-canal Solomon,
called before him the poBcema who made the arrest; the poScernan is named
Sums. Boras is baH as a Mttai balL The coast senteaeed Gonzales to grow a
full suit of hair oa the top of Sass head, and gave Mm a fatt year, 366 days being
leap year to make good. He tarn Goaaales to report to him at the end of the year,
with poKcemaa Buns as BsMMt A, aid assured Katie that full justice would be
done in the case at bar. It is a trifle rough on the policeman, hut think of the
arise at stales.
El Paso's city and county ring has seemiagly overlooked a bet Seattle's city
council has authorised the estahKshtog of a "municipal bank aad trust department"
which win handle all city mosey. The city carries balances at present in Seattle
hanks ranging from HfiQOflQO to $6,000,000, drawiag 2 perceat interest The resolu
tion provides for the hamtBag of all the pttWk funds by the -maaicipal hank." It
would be interestiag to know if the now municipal bank k to do a geaeral basking
business, making loans, receiving deposits, etc It would e a great chance to build
up the governing machine along lines hitherto aeglectod an some degree.
We here on the border have the telegraphed assuraaces of presideBt Madero
that there is bo particular body of discoatOBts vkg in aay particular direction"
sad that there is "a eoaeidesahle body of iasurgoats aaywhere sear Juarez." Why
should we worry Thk is the same maa that solomrfy anaoanced one Sunday
mght that he was afesady seaassg his troops sou aad wesid aof attask Jnarer,
while neat day the three day performaace opeasd to a crowded house. Madera
today is as much m ignorance apparently as Was was, aad yet there is no excuse
this time, for the Mexico city papers ate priafcbg the real news very fully.
T.e gilded youth is simply fashlon-p-ated
No Maude, dear: putting powder on
in hair is not what makes it go off.
The honest taxpayer supports lots
of people who are not In the alms
Many a newly marrieU man would
be thanlcrul if his 'wife would only
caat her bread upon the waters.
From a bachelor's point of view
wbTa baby tea't "&' ""
be aomethlng the "' "! -.
The country editor ts apt to boeome
a vegetarian because thato the way
most of hiS wbBcrlptlons are , pala.
In spite of the fact that there Is a
bounty on the wolf we etill have some
d fficulty in keeping Mm rrem the
"! a eg have t," announced the
v--idmg" pffieer at the medical con-
-(,(.-, that was discus-ing the sub-
- u , c Thp averag man 8 lone: time
, jrror f ni wa but with
,.'- placer 'f rUffPrrnt it
i., .. .!. '.he payer nxt niornu g
Tter Got Ilde.
Preparations were being made la
the criminal court to seatenc a negro
who had been convtetfed ot muraer la
the eecoDd degree. Two 'little negro
boys peeped through the main door
way of the criminal court room and
addresesed one of the stern deputies.'
according to the Kansas City Journal.
"to you let bovs in?" Said the larger
of the two
' So boys allowed," said the dep
The little negroes strolled fcahfway
Aown the stair leading to the street.
held a conference and then returned
and again opened the door.
'MUter," said the larger, addressing
the ame deputy, "does it make a dif
ference if we is the sons of the man
what's goin' to jailT"
The bOTs were eons of the negro who
was awaiting the murder sentence.
The little incident so affected Mr
Friedberg a"d other court attaches
tMat thev all wont to judge Ttpha
nv4 aked hni to ipflur th enlnrp
Ard t'o bojs got Misiie the court
r to t"0.
AH, TOOTHACHE is a fell disease that makes the victim's marrow freeze, the
while his wailings, on the breeze, disturb his neighbors; while toothache
rends his swollen jaws he has no use for moral hws, the uplift or She
people's caue or useful labor. He doesn-'t care a red ding-dong about the shiaiug
peaks oTsong, he doesnTwi to right a wong, his brave lance eaking; though
puMie- wrath be growing warm, he doesn't heed the growing
storat; be only howls for chloroform to stop that aching. The
TOOTHACHE ship. of state might go to hang against -the rocks where sirens
i ng he oftwply wouldn't care a daog, he'd let it founder; what
thoui the nation's bulwarks break! He doesn't care a tinker's
shake while dowa-hi jaw-bones rolls an ache, a red hot grounder. E'en as I write
there haunts ray teosh a smoking pain, above, beneath, that fairly jotts my laurel
wreath, mY wjuhfeiwg;.aad aouhiug else seems worth my while but using
language out of yfe; lj-t 3ie Tjaace, I do not smile, I urn not singing.
Copyright, lfffc, by George
By Louise Hellserft.
IK JUNE there Is always a moon
a big ' white one and roses and
madness. All these things are in
separable from June. Also, wherever
there is a wood full of mysterious
paths ana whispering green things,
there Is, too, the mystic music of the
god Pan June is bis bridal meath, a
month wherein he wooes a summer
world full of foolish women. Every
night you may hear him play. The
notes fall like silver rain drops or
tear dfops from his flute, and twist
themselTes into haunting words. Lore
me badly sadly-madly," this is tne
burden of the god Pan's song.
Staying at the bisf hotel, nestling
like a great white bird with folded
wln&s among the pines. wb a woman
with gray eyes and demurely parted
Staylnj.here, too, was a tall man
with pointed ears and a beard cut
like Pan's. -
And all nitrht and every night the
TttDea of Pan rang loudly over the
valley from the depths of the woods. ,
"Love me badly sadly madly," they t -
.1.111 n.urinr nVd silver rain-
drops or tear drops aiaeag the
leaves. And all night and every night
sn unchaste white moon Smiled in the
neavens as she came to rest over the
trees to Silver the dark places, and
to hear the whisperings ud the rus-
tling made by lovers as they kissed
beneath the scented boughs. '
.. . .kt.k. An MArr
bush from every clump Of trees came
the pattering of horned feet, the flick
of pointed ears, aaa the noise of pa-
ganlaughtfer. for Pan has the magic
SuaJlt of being able to be everywhere
win mrtiMKL toe. work hard. Pan's
June partners are. as I dare say you
Zr. rZZ .i ! MnAn and the
waxen hearts of womelt.
X1L jvnvn wxi, o ,w-.., .
From acquaintanceship the tall man
staying at the same plhe scented ho
tel ae the gray "eyed woman, slid to
friendship and from friendship to that
perilous state of affairs between a
man and woman when silence takes
the place of words. Silence and the
pipes of Pan shrilling their music
from the moon washed woods! Silence
and the whole world trembling with
love love washed white by a wicked
The echo of the music floated in
with the noise of the traffic to a city
(All communications rcut hear the
slznatar of" the writer, but the name
will not be published where such a re- J
qasst is made.)
HE WANTS TO IO'OW.
Editor El Paso Herald:
In a recent number of The Herald
there appeared a reference to the case
of SamUel Gotnpers, on trial at the
time for contempt of court said con
tempt consisting in barring invited the
cpurt to "go to hell."
There is room for doubt in this case
as to whether Such an invitation con
stitutes contempt or wsether It indi
cates affection for the members of
said court and a desire that in the
future life "their lives might be cast
in pleasant places."
You published a long list of names
of most distinguished men who have
passed away. All of these men were
consigned to hell by self appointed
agents of the Almighty. If they have
gone according to consignment, the
devil has secured a good bargain.
Even the Judges of a Washington
court might consider themselves high
ly honored by being admitted to such
a goodly company. If Mr. Gompers
had the power really to send them to
limbo iHSiead of merely telling them
ti gj there, I have no doubt that
those Judges would soon be enjoying
che companionship of those choice
Now arises a ve?y serious question.
If it ia true that ' tfoutany of the mem
tii,d women also who have become
noted in this world of ours for having
done sometnihg worth doing Have been
sent below, who are those who have
gone t- the other place? There must
be a scarcity of good society there.
It Is said that there Is mere Joy In
heaven oier one repentant sinner than
over ir.any Just It Is quite possible
that those whose names .you men
tioned were not very fond of sinners,
repentant or Otherwise, and they took
the other route to avoid such com
pany. We are told that heaven is popu
lated In part by murderers who re
pent and get their passports to that
place just before the hangman fits the
noose around their necs and starts
them off on the last Journey. Shall
these who go there have Ids associates
such spirits Us that of Torquemada,
Of the Borglas, of Catharine de Med
ici aa those horrible scoundrels, her
sons? Will one meet there all of those
-o... UmwJ nnMrpfl the T-orrt bar butcher
ing "heretics?" Those wHo burned
witches in tar barrels and -those who
, or&i1 enph nthor to death oter
without benefit of clergy?"
TURNRY IS A DBLBGATH
TO SOCIOLOGICAL CONGRESS.
ctiiL Tex.. Feb. J. Gov. Colquitt
has appointed 105 delegates to rt-
- ,;!i,nvMM . ik. mMiTnv nf the
resent - im.o v . ....v ..u ... --
Southern Sociological congress, which
is to he held at Nsshville, Tenn . on
May f-lo inclusive. Of those appointed
is former state senator W. W. Turney,
of Bl Paso-
TO LECTURE TO MASONS.
rr James H Wroth, of Albuquerque,
V M will deliver a le'ture tonight at
th, iasnnlc templ Jniier the auspices
of sc.ttisli rite Tlve leotur.. will
I. re - ji oclock flnd all Ma"ns ot
! 3 . M"i ma atteud.
Matthews Adams. UOqj I V
The Herald's Daily
man sitting writing in a dusty office,
thrilled him with a strange feeling of
unrest In his youth he had so often
hrl the Pan nlnlnar that he has no
difficulty in recognising the song He ,
aucw us u.usn;.. iw. i """"."
th mualc nttrHl amonr the leaves
like silver xaln drops or tears. . He
knew how It fell softly on the heart
of woman, making of it, a thing of
wax. He thought suddenly of Nora.
alone in a wood Of Pan. with green
things all about her,, and a wicked
"T will Iot mil all mr life." said
the man with a beard like Pan's.
"What Is love without marrlager ;
asked the woman sagely, trying to
The man with the beard toughed
stranfely. He caught her hands fierce-
shut her ears to tne song vl x-au. i
ly. Torget convenuwn, - "&"
"This lenpt the city. We are thou-
sands of miles away from that grar
town Which forbids you to love with-
oat a wedding ring. If love he confined
wtthtn a world In i. ritiar. have vou ever
thought how harrow that love must
necessarily be? I may not marry you, ,
hut" Ms hands tightened on hers I
may love you, and I wUir His arms ,
went out to hold her.
Nearer and nearer came the pipes ot
Pan. "Love me badly sadly -mad-
ly," shrilled his soag. The wood was
full of music, talltsg like silver rain .
drops, or It might have been tear-.
drops among the green. I
tkntan mttr nnttM- lust like !
But the music heard by two was t
also heard by a tmro, searcning v.-
iy in the road.
It led him to the twisted path wind- 1
t.. m ii olurinv -where the Dln ;
cones fell, and which the moonlight ,
lit as with a lamp.
Tnai in time the woman saw him
j and henceforth was deaf to the song
' r Pan- x . t. '
Dick." she cried, and ran to him.
gladly. It was with his arms around
her that she went away from' th
wood and down the hill, away from
---" .-".. . . i. -- .
and the whispering leaves rustling in .
a summer wind. . ." ... '
the moonlight that made tor maoness
unriiaturbed. Dined out
boldly, "Love me badly sadly maa
ly." He could afford to let one worn
He would not be able to woo eter
nally In June, were he not a philos
opher s we'I as a lover.
That Is on. of the secrets of Love
Years Ago To-
From The BerStt Of J.
June weather prevails in El Paso
at this time
There were three Raymond excur
sions in town today.
Mrs. Mayme Freeman has been ap- and OTer many water courses sad ca
polnted an Inspector at the El Paso ntls to its lMiai resting pmoe.
port . Great Temple Destroyed
.-..i at r ii,. Wo hie hn I Whn the SnaBlards came to MeX-
repared and will be used by the White
7-a j .m v. aA k th Wh'tA
Judge James R. Harper is en route
home from Austin. He will come by
way of Galveston.
The Sunset Limited arrived today
from the west two hours late and
carrying 41 passengers.
Judge A, M. Walthall this morning I
overruled a motion for a new trial ln I (Hans who stoned It o frequent oc
the Colt-Cotton case. J caslOns. The stone was dur up again.
The Ei Paso Real Estate company i
has sold to John S. Ochoner two lots
in Franklin heights for jz&o.
An El Paso, carlo bouse today re
ceived an order for Z2 dosen Mexican
hats from a Los Angeles firm.
Gen. Escobar is the guest of Juarea
today, having come up from Monterey
en route from that city -to Mazatlan.
The W. C. T. U. will hold a special
meeting tomorrow night In Trinity
church in memory of Miss Francis
A switch for the El Paso Southern
Railway company Is being instaled at
the corner of Sixth and Stanton
General land agent Frost of the
Santa Fe went north today In presi
dent Ripley's car after a. visit to Mex
Genenjl superintendent Mudge iof
t!ie Sn- j-.. Hrti p.iriv cji'-is l..n
from the north this morning In his
Dan Anthony, a tinner for Tanner
Bros., while at work on the Inside
of a large water tank this morning
was Overcome bv fumes and had to
be assisted to the groun.1. He was
not badly injured.
SWEHTWATBR 51 VX WAS HBLD
OV REQVKST OF SHERIFF
Clyde Barrow, of Sweety, a tor. Tex,
was arrested Saturday night by state
ranger W. M. Barbee. Sheriff- J. H.
Bond, of Sweetwater, telegraphed that
ne Would come Sunday night to take
Bat row back to Sweetwater, where It
is alleged he is wanted on a charjre
or taking some diamonds 'from bis
SOLOMON VI L.LR NOTES,
ojomonville. Aris., Feb. J. D. H.
tiorldge. county clerk and recorder,
I -u. , ili" "Ti1' .
r'.Fhambers haB 'ately purchased the
v-hb.bc Dunalow' built by ilr.
J. A. Woods, school superintendent,
has been h;k for some days with a
Mr. and lir TtAnalil Urnvn oamo
over from Hayden. Ariz., on a visit to
...r .,v..,,c iuihs. airs, orown was iiss
Cornelia Woods, a daughter of Mr. and
Mrs J, A. Woods, of Solomville.
Chas. W Parks has returned to Los
Angeles. Calif He will complete a
finishing course in banking.
Juan Baroldy left to Join his father.
Luis Baroldv. n Fatrbank, Art.
H. F. Comtn nnd wife are in from
Sancliir Mr Comtn U teaching the
school at Panrbo7 tl.i- winter anil rx"--ferting
hK kn.i .. loilu'" "f the pnnl''
iancuajH lit- is u d onti-t julii-
ANCIENT MEXICO PRODUCED THE MOST
PERFECT CALENDAR IN WORLD'S HISTORY
In Five Thousand Years It Would Wot Vary So Much as a Day Was Revised
In Year 29, B. C.
BY FREDERIC J. HASKIN
ASHINGTON. D. C. Feb. 2$.
If one were to judge
the civilisation of the
ancient world by the perfec
tion of their systems . of time
reckoning. the credit of having
reached the highest state of enlight
enment would have to be awardedto the
people of Mexico. Ancient Mexico
produced the most perfect calendar
the world has yet known. Although
It was finally revised In the year 2
B. C, only IS years after the promul
gation of the Julian calendar, it
stands to this day the most accurate
of all calendars yet devised .ty men
How much superior It was :o the
Julian calendar is revealed by the
fact that, whereas the latter is ow
13 days out of harmony with the
tropical year, the Astec calendar
would now be less than half a day
out of balance with the solar time.
Aztecs Hare Best Calendar
In another way one may appreciate
the mathematical accuracy of tne
work of the Aztecs in the science of
calendar making. Nearly IS centuries
pgg, toetween the great revision ot
the Astec calendar and tne romniB-
tioa of the Gregorian system of time
reckoning, and yet arter an tne inre
of this time, one xlnds that the Greg
orian calendar Is not as accurate as
that created, by the Astecs. In less
than 40W years an error of a day will
hare to be recorded ander the Greg
orian system; on the other hand, the
A.s. MUndar 'will rrrCtlT rOCOrd
k nain nt mlir thne through
mon tnan teo years without the
variation of a single day.
0ne raay not aDe to discover aBy
advantage in tne Aatec metnoo oi suu
aixMinT' the yesr over the Gregorian
,, it'ls perhaps possible that j
tM AStec sUDSivtsions ro iuuj i
gcentifk; as our own. The Aztec year
thA Aitar subdivisions are lunj i
was divided into IS months, all or
r0ur weeks each, the week having a
uniform length of five days. At the
-., e --u . thn was nrovided
an intercalary period of five days. In
aaiion to this it was arranged that
!.- knnM h a further Intercala-
tlon of J6 dayg aur1ng each 16 years,
This served to make the most perfect
adjustment of the civil and the srtar
year ibtit world has ever known.
In the Year "Oae Flint"
rpj, great Artec revision of the cal-
endar t00t piaCe In the ancient and
n0w lost city, of Hueheutlapallan, In
.. ..a Va irilt rh1tfh fl Stated
before, corresponds to the year 29 B.
c ,n wv sy8tem of reckoning time. ;
wbere thls aacjent city was ocaiea
no one knows with any degree of cer- ;
tatotv. Some believe that the location I
i .u,ii i. (Vu rtrande I
ruinR-in Arlaotts. near the JuncUoa of
the Colorado and the Gila rivers. Oth-
.. tn,4 t hltrn that It was
.. -w ;X.r ,; . i I
sltaatea In our own weissi-! vrej, .
near the great mounds left by the
aboriginal Amerioaiw. Color Is lent
to the assumption, i.i:. j- ,
a ,-inw-Mw Mexican region by the
fact that the Astec ehronielers re
ferred with great frequency to the re-
ted drollKgt8 whtch prevailed, and
hlch find a counterpart In the pros- I
l-Atl-nTt, con- !
crete expression In the great calendar
museum of Mexico. -Phis stone, elab-
51.1 .VTJtn meet the astron-
Xmi ITmiM rr which it was de-
SgasU oe'of 'fheSost remarkable
of all the monoliths left by the races
... m..i t i aourtiui that It
! originally weighed 56 tous. "dthat
I It was covered with a red pigment
It Is a large circular stone, xo
in diameter and three feet thick, re-
sembllng a millstone. It was gistrrlea
many miles outside of MexlcoClty and
on the site of the present cathedral
of Mexico. The Astecs had no beasts
of burden, and the martel is now
they were unable to trsnoport this
hi, c itniw iM-naii a broken country
im thov mtM th Aatec temple to
hi. crmmrf nH nntn the seventeenth
century the stone lay buried In front
of what is now the Mexican white
house. It was then dag up: but the
church, fearful that it would be the
means of leading the Indians of Mex
ico 'back to their Idolatry, ordered It
rebuneo. but' not nerore mmen i.-
age had bone done to It by devout In-
Jn 1790, and
cemented On the
westnra tdwer of the cathedral, where
it remained exposed to the eloSseats
and vandals uUOl 11. Waoa was
taken to the national madOUSs. Here
it is kept as one of the prWHess rel
ics of a great civilisation,, of whloa
we have only traces today.
It Is said that this great .Stone was
placed ln a horizontal position m the
eighth house of the treat tomMe Of
Mexico. Its dedication is said t have
taken place In 1481. 11 years before
the discovery of America By UOjuut-
bus. The reigning sovereign,
Axayacatl. invited all the menaiy -
tlons to take part in us oeoicauon.
Thirteen priests repre3eptlttg tb IS
principal gods of Mexico tone for each
yeia ?h .the k q5f.rer ''.JS'Jed
with their obsidian knives, prepared
for the human sacrlflc-s i'i which the
stone should be dedicated.
Seven hundred and twenty-sight cap-
during the celebration. The waft
himself led off these sacfiSl "
IHUlllCB. -l SUIH19C a PIW
smoking pot of idcense marched
around the stone four times, ind then
shattered the incense pot upon the
surface of the groat monotlth, where
upon the ktng ascended the store and
begah the sacrificial ceremony. He
plucked from th breast vt each vic
tim his bleeding ahd (quivering heart.
nreaerved in the museum la Mexico
Olty. He continued -tne sacrifices un
til 62 prisoners had died by his hand.
After this each oe of the IS priests
took his turn In the work of com
pleting the sacrificial rites. Tesoso
moc, the Astec historian, says that
the king drank of the blood and ate
of the flesh or his victims of the sac
rifice, and that his death sooa there
after was a direct result of tho
ceeses of that occasion.
Subdivided Years and Cycles
Tbe Astecs not only subdivided- their
years, but their years were in turn
subdivisions of cycles. The cycle con
sisted of 52 years and was subdivided
into quarter co!es of 13 years oaca.
These quarter cycles ere subdivided
into three four year periods with one
year over at the end of each quarter
evele The group of four years were
named "rabbit. Ted." "flint' and
house." and these were repeated In
each group during the cvcle. In tjlts
wa the quarter ccle would end with
ti f ume year with which It began,
ami the succeeding quarter cycle
would begin with tlie next year, and
so on through the entire eycle. A
.lu.. .. -minrrmnf wi, lfllA OUt for
thA months and (lav of the yenr. and
mod- r p
prohah't hH.l less trouble
.rt hi i,iiondar tnn tne
. -, a numi - "f othtr ral-
endars of great ingenuity in use In
prehistoric America. For instance, the
lncas of Peru possessed a calendar
perhaps surpassing In its ingenuity
the contemporaneous calendars cf
Asia and Africa. They divided the
rear into 12 months, each bavin? Its
own name and Its appropriate festi
val. They also had a week, althojgh
Its length is uncertain. They recti
fied their calendars by solar observa
tions made by means of a number or
'cylindrical columns raised on the high
bills around the ancient city cf Ousco.
The period of the equinox they deter
mined by the help of a swMurv col
umn placed In the center of a ortfle,
which was described in the area of
the great temple of Cuaco. jnd hlen
was traversed bv the diameter I'.ratn
from the exact west to the exact e.st.
When shadows were scarcely visible
under the noon tide rays, they sal
that the sun god sat with all his light
upon the column. They placed at
these time upon the structure a gol
den chair to welcome the sun god. The
city of Quito, which lay Immediately
under the equator, and where the ver
tical rays of the sun threw no shadow
at noon, was thought by the Ihcss
to be the abode of the sun god.
South AmerieaH Calendar
Another race tnhahltatlng the same
plateau regions of South America, and
knows a the Muyscas. possessed a
esJendar which, while more closely re
ssmhUnz the Aztec calendar than the
jaea calendar, semed to be a connect
ing link between the Asiatic system
of time reckoning and that of the new
Whence came the strange and cur
ious erudition of these peoples of pre
historic Americans, no one can say
wtlh certsinty. But th.-t they should
be aole to fix a ;rue length of the
tropical year " a Pf" u: '
tmnini vMr with a precision un
.-- -.---- .
" . Ii wii Hmiiiwntirv
ulty is taeed a aroaderrul tf5J
upon the intelligence of these people.
certainly tnese reeuns como u" -lowed
only a long series of deMeate
and patient observations into the mys
teries of celestial mechanics.
Tomorrow Egyptian and Hebrew
OIL IS STRUCK ON
RANCH NEAR ALPINE
Alpine, Texas, Feb. . Oil has beau
struck on Francis RoOney's ranch.
which Is about 46 miles south of Al
pine. It cannot yet be ascertained
whether the flow an be developed
paying proposition, hut every
no a Pz pp""f
indication points to the good,
Vr t-.j j rmmty n-kn vaa
l,n lrt rf,arlre Of the Kolland hotel.
California is a few
wui 'oa.e Ior a"!"111"1 '
.t. ar VItaii frvlm TItAOffi-
Nixon, from Utopia,
" ... . -
--m tnen take charge of the Holland
honSe ftn March j.
w . . to ,.,,
her -son in Colorado county.
Miss Onie BUlingsly. from Si PasOv
is visit! ag : " . S,4lrolk son of
Hy J.. Jr t5,f05IT.eI0l1,nt J
ISurEy aVSmoE anT"w buried
Mr. and Mrs. Nay Bowles, died last
J. . w r8lar
monthly meeting at the school Jouee
, Dr. B. F. Berkeley has returned from
Del Rio. where he attended tne fumy
of the S"0 Valentine
j Rh, Lo tWn, from -Valentine,
i Is visiting Xlss zeia Fierce.
J T TROTTrxG
RE. Major protests at the manner ia
which undertakers go on a. trot to
, te ,m m Paso.
J "" thTm that when I die. if
, they can't get to tne cemetery in one
aay ln a walk, they uiust camp on the
road and make two days of it he
says. "The deal ao not Know taat
they trot with the corpse, hut the liv
ing know it and some respect should be
shown to the bereaved relatives. I
have heard people from all over the
country make remarks about trotting
to funerals In El Paso. It is a shame
and should be stopped. ,
Vest Pocket Eddy's
CHICAGO By George Fitch
Author of "At Good Bid Siwaah."
HICAGO is one of the greatest
feats ever performed by the hu-
man race. It is oaty 75 years
oM, and yet it is the fifth city ia Aa
world ia size, and leads the world in
hug development. In 1S37, Chicago con
sisted of a drug store, a main street, and
9a suras. adveTtkrinr malaria remedies.
Today it has 2.250.000 inhabitants, aad
; the citv of 75 years ago could be sue-
j .-..full.. iost ; tu. u,wt of it i-r
, - . . - o - --
. union depots.
Chicago was founded in the swamp
. of th shorws of ,ake Michigan bv a lot
a--,. .,.. ti -r
of 33d degree hustlers. There was no
I rxcuse for the city, but this didst
j bother its founders. First thev manu-
i muddy little creek. Then they built
i Tailroads. and encouraged people to
build towns along the railroads, and
thus provide a reason for their existence.
Later on. to save time lost bv chills and
fever, they boosted the entire city 15
feet into the air. the greatest feat of
second story work in history. Then
thev turned th Chiicrn i-i-v .... a
. backward in order to
jv. ..u v. uicu iKuwaje. rinaiiy. be
cause the Illinois Central railroad would
not get off the lake shore, thev moved
the lake shore away from it. They are
nu uut reusing tne climate, and if
they ever have any trouble with their
electric light companies, thev will prob
ably put a new sun on the "night shift.
The only way to get ahead of a Chi-
cagoan is to get busy and finish up be-1
wic uc 9 uorn.
Chicago was burned in 1S71. with a
loss of $200,000,000. but business was
only slightly interfered with for a few
days. The city captured tbe packing
business of the country bv loading hogs
in an endless railway and butchering
them at a speed of 30 miles an hour. It I
invented the skyscraper in order to ave
the trouble of building thick ton walls,
and it spent $50,000,000 in advertising
by building a World's fair 20 years ago.
It has put 1000 miles of its railways on
stilts to save wear and tear on its citi-
, rens. and in
tlie late eighties, when
misine. was dull -t went out and an
nexoH ih town- f"ur townships two
rivfrs, three ' W - a "looping car trust.
.J A Trt LlTTL
"Beat aM our gar'aors aa' president!
seem f do is study railroad time tables.
Th feller what says quails for eaail
seerae t' go eat e his way f git ea th'
To Tfade Wait, tae aemoa bard.
The writing gaase does net eome hard.
His Terse facOa aad hmriueas
Shows craftsmanship la every line;
His inspiration, keen and fine.
Is not like ours, leguminous.
A steam pump at CastaHa's spring
He runs, aad he will sit and slog
Odes, lyrics, lays didactical:
His -Pegasus, a well trained steed.
Win fly or rua or stow at need
A sturdy cob, aad practical.
For themes and words he's never tost.
His fount be simply can't exhaust:
He shows a learntag classical;
Bat when his humor leads that way.
He eaa be frelleseme aad gay.
He sings a homely people's songs.
Their Joys and sorrows, hopes and
Their births aad deaths aad mar
riages; His following, it Is Immense.
Plain folk, police, lads, ladles, gents
Aad ettlzeats in carriages.
They love him for his kindlj- speech.
! For wholesome ?M..f J" toac:
Hb' nautre's phHanthropleaJ,
I -... , -u . J ... I..I
, db n u ou ... . .-.
By countless preachers teased and
Aad mike it bright and topical.
' Before his Verses genial spell
- All woes and- ceres' avaunt pell mell
Thev can't endure Its sunaiaess:
And greed of gain or lust to rule.
Will banish at his ridicule
They can't resist its funnlness.
Oh, Uncle Walt! Rejoice you should.
i ror"TW haire a world'of good.
I j earned a nation's gratitude.
If all the folk who read your stuff
Bless you, you should be blessed
For a thirteenth beatitude!
JATNK SAYS FT. STOCKTON
IS DEVELOPING RAPIDLY
Austin, Texas, Feb. JS. oeph
Jayne, of Pecos county, was here on
business from bis home at Fort Stock
ton. He said -that his section of the
state Is developing at a very rapid
rate. The orient was within 30 miles
of Fart Stockton and work of cora
plettag. the road to that point was
being pushed rapidly. While here h
took occasion to announce that he was
supporting Cot J. K. Welters for sen
ator Bailey's seat la the United States
four primeval forests aad a cattle ranch.
It is now putting hs coat wagons an.i
drays audoisraand; is pushing the
.lmak aa additioaal half mile, aad tsnak
inr vrand ooera aav dividends.
Chicago has 33 railroads ad Werv
oO of them ends in the city, lire hun
dMd taMeawr trsias a day eater th
oHfr.'aad in each one ot them the port?
aaaoaaasa, Takago; all out. Moat of
.. - ' .. A..wM A Otva 1
these passengers give up trying to find
the station to which they must traaste-.
mi lKMimt Tvprmasent residents. Chi-
eago has a 3jCM00 uaiTsrsttr. ai
honestly built city hall, a stow so large
that it furnishes guides for its cu
tomers, and a baseball team that ha
won the pennaat five times m six year
The city is dirty, but no dirtier than
any infant. It h? very healthy, except
to cattle aad hogs. The favorite dive
.inn of raicaao men are looping the
loop, taking political conventions a a -
from New ior. """" ihum-
through the stock yards, and leaving a
million to some Chicago institution.
Even if you are deai, it ia very easr
to tell-a Chicago man by the way in
hich he walks over other pedestrian
i opt-right. 1!M2, by George Mathew
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