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AN INDEPENDENT DAILY NEWSPAPER
DEDICATED TO THE SERVICE OF THE PEOPLE, THAT HO GOOD CAUSE SHALL LACK A CHAMPION, AMD THAT EVIL SHALL HOT THKIVE UNOPPOSED. H. D. Slater, Editor-in-Chief an eontisling owner, has directed The Herald fox 14 years; 6. A. Martin ia News Editor. EL PASO HERAXD EDITORIAL AND MAGAZINE PAGE Saturday, March Thirtieth, 1912. THIRTY-SECOND YEAR OF . PUBLICATION Superior exclusive features and complete news report by Associated Press Leased Wire and 200 Special Correspondents covering Arizona. New Mex. ia. wast Texas. Mexico. Washington. D. C, and New York. Published by Herald News Co.. Inc.: H. D. Slater (owner of 55 percent) Presi dent; J. C Wllmarth (owner of 28 percent) Manager; the remaining 25 percent is owned among 13 stockholders who are aa follows: H. I. CapeU H. B. Stevens. J. A. Smith, J. J. Mundy, Waters Davis. H. A. True. Mc Gleonon estate, W. F. Payne. R. C. Canny, O. A, Martin. Felix Martinez, A. L. Sharpe. and John P Ramsey. The People's Holy Day SUNDAY cornea around every oace in so often, to give folks a chance to orient themselves tO: get square with the world and steady their nerves. Properly naed, Sanday 4 a great institution: and the proper use is any activity or any form of rest or play or recreation that makes men more fit to do their work in the world. Such weekly repair work may he more necessary, in one, for the physical man, or, in another, for the spiritual man.. But wherever a fellow feels worst run down, there he ought to concentrate the recreative influence. The old idea of Sunday was apt to he rather a gloomy sort of suppression, that made many children hate the very thought of it, and bored red blooded men to distraction. Yet there was some merit in the old scheme of things, that at least forced a complete change of the mode and habit of life. There was a sort of recrea tion in this very change. The morning s were more deliberate, the afternoons more free, the evenings quiet. But there never was any excuse for the puritanic idea of complete reversal of all normal habits, and complete suppression of all normal in stincts of self repair and self expression. Tom Moore writes of the strict old covenanter who, if he had his own way, "Wud na let a cat on the Sabbath say mew; Nae birdie maun whistle, nae lambie maun play." Most persons can remember when some estimable persons thought it was wrong to take a walk on Sunday, or to toss a ball, or sing a "secular" song, or read a novel, or play tennis, or hoe in the flower bed, or ride in a carriage, or call on one's friends. Yet the inconsistency of some of those old ways was well illustrated by the regular Sunday gorging at table, the intemperance of intolerance, the waste ef time in some forms of alleged religious duty that were anything but inspiring or worthy of an intelligent deity. The best use of Sunday, after att, is the natural use, the genuine rest and refreshment that come from turning one's thoughts away from the common drudgeries and toward higher things; and that come from freeing the body from the tasks of the ordinary days and giving it a chance to repair waste and renew its energies. The best Sunday laws, the only Sunday laws that should be per mitted on the statute books, are those that are aimed at preventing nuisances; at preventing any use of Sunday by one person or group of persons that may inter fere with the legitimate use of Sunday by another person or group of persons. Any activity that does not obviously tend to harm humans physically, morally, men tally, or spiritually, should he permitted without hindrance, as long as such indul gence does not interfere with the rights of others. It must not be forgotten that the church itself has the highest authority for the dictum that the Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath. In other words, the weekly rest day should be secured to the people for their reasonable recreative activities, but no effort should be maJue to force the people to any strict code drawn up by any sect or cult. After 1 ,000,000 SO FAS thk news of the great coal strike in England has seemed very remote and has excited only passing interest in this country. But we are facing one of our own, to begin Sunday night next unless some compromise be reached, which is highly improbable. The last coal strike in the United States, that of 1902, cost $100,000,000, which the people, the "ultimate consumer," finally paid. The strike of 1902 was settled by president Roosevelt in a way that was inspired by far seeing wisdom, but the man now in the white house will not take any such liberties with precedent and habit, and no way exists to force a settle ment If, on top of a general coat strike in this country, there comes a general strike of railroad men, which seems probable; and if both these be piled on top of the widespread industrial strikes now prevailing throughout the east in various in dustries, especially textiles, the disturbance will take on a gravity exceeding that of Great Britain; and incidentally, it will seriously affect the national political campaign, creating a condition for which no prophet can suggest an easy solution. A general strike such a is now threatened, if it last six months, will result in the actual loss of $5O0,OOG000, a loss that can never be made up, because it is final and complete waste. This loss will be shared by all the people, and those least able to bear it will have the hoariest burden thrust upon them by the opera tions of unchangeable economic laws. When such a condition as that now threatened is possible in America, we must admit that we are far from having solved the problems of government or of civilization. The kind of "education" and "progress" that simply means increasing recklessness, greater disregard of results, and decreasing sense ef inter-dependence among the units of human society, is not much to brag about. J How Aubert ALL THE WORLD loves a good sport and Aubert is that. Aubert, the dashing plucky cavalry commander, came back. Of all the military men on either side since the beginning of rebellion against Diaz, this fellow with the French name Irishly pronounced, this humorous Kelt mixed-blood of Mexican in dian and French-Spanish Romantic origin, has played the game more like the soldiers of song, story, epic, and tradition than any other product of the "genera tion of suppression." Aubert was ordered into a trap, and was then left to extricate himself as best he might. He seems to have been the victim of an ill conceived plan of campaign and of a too easily discouraged army of invasion. "Save thyself," was the word among the main body of the federals after the rout at Corralitos, and the army scattered and flew back to Torreon and to Monterey, and to Lord knows where, having no capable commanders to take the places of Salaa, the suicide, and Blaa quet, wounded in action. But Aubert did not know that his support had hiked, and be undertook alone to save the campaign and rally the forces for a new aggres sive movement. , Military men, studying the country in which the operation was carried on, and knowing the straits in which Aubert found himself, can understand why he retired the second time, after his magnificent stand around Atotoniko. But as sportsmen they regret his fatal tactics, trying to operate in mass formations against an enemy of greatly superior force in open order, and they cannot understand why, in flight, he left several hundred horses behind: it would seem as if horses would have been the very things he would want most, to aid in his escape. The horses were being held in a corral away from the more exposed portions ef the field of battle, while the men fought dismounted, and the rebels probably cut the brave fellows off from their mounts. This has not seldom happened, not only in the civil war and in Asia, but also in Indian warfare in our own west The incident, nevertheless, shows better than anything else how precipitate was the final flight and how hopeless the final rout must have been for the federals, many of whom were tons forced to flee into the hills on foot They left their artillery behind, and their provisions; many of them threw away their rifles and ammunition, and, fully dispersed, they sought safety as individuals, trusting to some guiding provi dence to rally them and save them from death by hunger, thirst, and exposure. The victorious rebels give Aubert full credit for his daring maneuver, which was a serious blow to them for it prevented them from following up their Corra litos victory, and prevented them from scoring a big capture of fighting men. The rebels added largely to their stores and munitions of war, but they feel dis appointment at not bagging the game. Aubert fought gloriously against heavy odds, and whether he be dead or alive, bis hero's wreath is fairly won, and in his defeat under such conditions there is no shame. Further sacrifice was unnecessary, and could have availed him nothing. He may now reach Parral and reinforce ments. If he has succeeded in saving his men for another day and another fight, it is to his credit, as a dashing and inspiring cavalry commander who would be a valuable asset to any army in any man's country. This fight, like the much smaller but red hot battle fought at Casas Grandee during the Madero revolution, shows the Mexican fighting men at their best AM who have seen them in actual battle under capable leaders agree that they fight with signal courage and a sort of fatalistic disregard of danger, that make them formidable antagonists. They are at home in open fighting, they instinctively seek available cover when at long range, but when the necessities of conflict call for in fighting under conditions of great peril, they are right there, laughing and puffing cigarets, and absolutely disregardlful of flying bullets and bursting sheU. The typical Mexican irregular is an individualistic fighter, hard to control and inclined to go his own gait ; the typical Mexican regular or schooled officer under capable com manders is like British or Russian infantry, or the French of the Old Guard, trained to stand, and loyally taking his medicine without.fear and without panic they are fatalists to whom death in the ranks is so terror, and to whom the sight of blood is only a signal to close up the line. Readers of The Herald's accounts of the fighting of the last few days must have been isnpxeseed with the fact that, through other men's eyes, they have been witnessing a tragedy. The time for levity has long passed, and the serious busi ness of war is here. In the north and down east, some flippant newspaper para graphed are still writing of "opera bouffe" Spanish-American "wars" and flinging jibes at the tamale men and the dgaxet fighters, swapping Hes in the sun or shoot ing holes in the sky. That foolish talk won't do any more. Death casts a palL human blood blackens the sett of desolated lands, and villages are laid waste. Com bat like that of the week just ended ia no material for comedy. Men may wonder, and lament, and regret, men may even hate and despise, but men of intelligence and warm blood cannot joke about such deeds as these. It is war and it is des perate; the fate of a republic is in the balance; and there is abundant human interest in the moving scenes, irrespective of the rights and wrongs of the contend ing parties, irrespective of the special interests we may or may not have in the outcome. "With blood and fire" is a favorite phrase of the rebels throughout the distracted country, in threatening attack and reprisal; the phrase is too true to be Years Of Progress Came Back longer the subject of jesting. Judged b'y the standards of Anglo-Saxon and north European democracies, their cause is unjust, their "constitution" not a fact but only the name of an ideal; but while they can count on no -sympathy in the United States because they have not given the nation a fair chance to readjust itself, nevertheless there is nothing to be gained by trying to minimize the importance of the armed rebellion, or to Ignore the' peril of the republic which has no strong man to guide it through this crisis. t o Found an -El Paso woman who enjoys the "music' of the 7 oclock whistles. She hasn't learned to sing the fire whistle yet. o CoL Roosevelt, in a letter to Magazine Munsey, expresses his opinion of the New York newspapers. In the letter he uses the pronoun "I" exactly 171 times. Even kings and emperors use the pronoun "we," conceding the existence of God. Roosevelt is the champion egocentric of all time. When a man is named O'Rozco, when his hair is auburn and his mustache near-red, when he takes his licker neat, when he wears a green tie, and when he is chronically "agin the government," is it fair to conclude that among his ancestors are" to be found a Patrick and a Bridget, and that he has cousins in county Cork? UNCLE WALT'S DENATURED POEM The Little Bundle By Walt Mason. Three dozen fell diseases came down and wheezes that filtered through my hat! The doctors and the nurses were gath ered by my bed, and I had dreams of hearses and cities of the dead. The drug gists used to trundle hope to me day by day, and how I blessed the bundle that I had laid awayl When I was convalescent I eeased to fume and fret; my griefs were evanescent for I was out of debt! I paid the blooming nurses, I paid the sawbones, too, the druggists got their purses and still I had a few! You1 don't know what a blessing a roll of boodle is, till maladies distressing throughout your system whiz! I have no doubt that worrry o'er debts that they roust face sends sick folks in a hurry out to the old bones place. If, reader, you're unthrifty, then take this hunch of mine: A bank account is nifty; put roubles down in brine. For sickness and disaster for you their webs may spin; whenxoins go fast and faster and none are coming in, when you are in a black age of sickness and expense, you'll wish you had a package of dongh in evidence! TO CONTEST SEATS OF 112 DELEGATES Roosevelt Headquarters Plans Fight Against In structed Delegates. Washington. D. Ci, March 0. The seats of 112 of the delegates to the Re publican national convention so far chosen will be contested, according to senator Dixon today at Roosevelt head quarters here. Though Taft managers claimed that 274 delegates had been instructed for him. senator Dixon cred its " him with only S and gives 13 to Roosevelt and lists 94 aa unlnstrueted. TAFT WINS IN MEET OF OHIO COMMITTEE Columbus Ohio, March 30. The Taft administration and president Taft were given endorsements by the Republican state central committee here today. The committee also decided that the six delegates at targe to the national con vention at' Chicago will be selected at the state convention to be held here June 5 and 6. - NO -PREFERENTIAL PRIMARY FOR TEXAS Dallas. Tex.. March 30. Democratic preferential primaries tor Texas were voted down by the state Democratic executive committee today. The com mittee, however. In its primary de ceslon. said that counties have the right to express a preference for presidential candidates In primary elections, provided delegates to the state convention be elected In conven tions. The committee also will select the city for holding, on May 28, the state convention to name delegates to the national convention- CITIZEN'S TICKET IS PUT IX THE FIELD AT CLOVIS. Clovis, N. M., March 30. A mass meeting was held at the city hall which nominated a "Cltisen's ticket," but it is claimed by the Democrats to be a movement on the part of the Re- ; publican minority In disguise. The i meeting was called by L C Copeland. one of the leaders of tne liepu oilcan party here. In the permanent organi zation H. C Herby was elected chair man and C. F. Downing, secretary. In Its report the resolution committee pledged its candidates to a strict busi ness administration, condemned par tisan politics in municipal affairs, and declared their candidates as the repre sentatives of all the people. Mo candi dates were named for mayor, city treasurer or alderman for the fourth ward. C P. Downing was nominated for city clerk. He is the present clerk. Aldennon nominated were: First ward, Joe Sellers: second ward, E. W. Mears; third ward, G. W. Singleton. The ora tors of the occasion were: L. C. Cope land and M. C. Spicer. DEMOCRATS CONDEMN TAFT , IX COLORADO CONVENTION Trinidad. Colo, March 30. The Taft administration was condemned and the state administration and Colorado's rep resentative in congress were commend ed by the convention of Democrats af Las Animas1 county, which today elected 31 delegates to the state national dele gate convention to be held at Colorado Springs April 29. The delegates were not Instructed. A. C. McChesney is the county's candidate for national dele gate. PRESIDENTIAL PRI3IART BILL PASSES ILLINOIS HOUSE Springfield. IU., Mrh 30. The Illin ois house today passed the presidential preferential primary bill by an unani mous vote. The bill stands In the form in which It passed the senate and aa soon as It is engrossed it will go to governor De neen for his approval. No cleaning like Wright's. HAVE ALL BUT TWO OF THE ALLEN GANG They Are Surrounded in a Mountain Retreat and Battle Is Imminent. Hillsvflle, Va March 30. Sidna Al len, leader of the Allen clan, 'and Wes ley Edwards, his nephew, the two fugitive court house assassins, are believed to be surrounded on Sugar Loaf mountain. Every line of escape Is said to be smarted and a battle may take place before night. Friel Allen, a blue eyed stripling of 17. youngest of the eight of the Allen gang, each indicted for the five mur ders in the Carroll court house a fort night ago, was taken late 'yesterday la a carriage shed at the home of his father, Jasper Allen, eight miles front here. He cheerfully submitted to ar rest Only Sidna Allen, a man of middle age, and his young nephew, Wesley Edwards, both mountaineers of reck less daring, are now fugitives Both are prepared to resist, until Phone Wright for good eleanlng. Suits cleaned, pressed or Ayti, Wright and knoeked me flat; and oh, the groans CLASSES OF ARIZONA SENATORS DISCUSSED Site Bill For"PubHc Building at Las Oruces Is Introduced. Washington. D. C, March 30. Sen ator Shlvely Introduced a resolution In the senate to ascertain to which classes the senators from Arizona shall be assigned, -whose term will ex pire the third day of Slaroh, 1913. and 1815. Representative Ferguson introduced bills in the house today for the pur chase of sites and the erection of public buildings at Las Vegas, Raton and Las Crucee, New Mexico, to cost $ 180,000. Former governor Bates, of Massa chusetts, and others, before the nubile health committee of the senate -opposed the bill creating a department of health. Lettery For New State Senators. A lottery in the senate chamber will determine the respective tenures of office of the 'four senators from the new states of Arlaona and New Mexico, who will .be sworn Into, of fice Monday. ' The new senators, will draw from a ballot box papers so numbered as to indicate to which of three classes of senators they shall be assigned: those whose terms expire in 1917, 1916 or 1913. This method of determination Is in accord with precedent ' The last drawing was In 1907 when Senator Owen of Oklahoma drew the long term and senator Gore the short. Shermwa Bill Rejected; Smoot - Bill "Win. The senate by a vote of 21 to 46 re jected the Sherwood dollar a day pen sion bill which had passed the. house, and then adopted, SS to 16, the' Smoot general age and service measure, un der which the pension roll would be Increased by $20,000,006 annually during the next five years. No cleaning like Wright's. DEATHS AND BURIALS VICTOR EARL PETERSOX. Victor Earl Peterson, the 15 year old son of Mr. and Mrs. Eugene J. Peterson, of 3930 Rivera street, died Friday af ternoon at 6 oclock. The lad had un dergone an operation for appendicitis two months ago, from which he never completely recovered. He was a pupil of the flan Jaeinto school. His father is manager of the Consumer's Ice com pany. His parents, two brothers. Henry and Walter, and a sister, Augusta Pe terson, survive him. The funeral 'ser vice, conducted by Rev. J. D. Ray of the First Baptist church, was held Saturday afternoon from the residence. The Interment was in Evergreen ceme tery. FUNERAL OF 31. R. ROBINSON. The funeral service for M. R. Rob inson, who died Friday morning, will be held from Trinity Methodist church Sunday afternoon at 2:30 oclock. The church service will be conducted by the pastor. Rev. C W. Webdell. and the Knights of Pythias will conduct the service at the cemetery. The in terment will be in the Knights of Pythias plot in Evergreen cemetery. LENxV GIERSE. Lena Glerae, the 9 months old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Glerse, o. v JBast uveriana street, died Sat urday morning at 9 oclock. The funeral service was held Saturday afternoon and the burial was In Concordia. Let Wright do your cleaning. THE WEATHER. Kl Paso, Saturday. March 38, 1912. Forecasts. El Paso and Vicinity Rain tonight or Sunday; colder Sunday. New Mexico Rain or snow tonight or Sunday; colder Sunday and In north east portion tonight west Texas Tonight and Sunday unsettled, rain In south, rain or snow in north portion tonight or Sunday; solder In the Panhandle and warmer in southeast portion tonight; colder Sunday. Local Data. El Paso Readings. Today Test'y. Ram K n m ?raeiw tsea level; . . ss.74 Dry thermometer 42 Wet thermometer 33 Dew point 18 Relative humidity .. .. SS Direction of wind ....v E Velocity of wind 6 State, of wether Clear 29.64 SS 44 12 W 16 Clear jiaisuaii last Z4 hrs L 8 Highest temp, last 24 hrs SS ..'.'. Lowest temp, last 12 hrs 41 tielgnt or river this morning above fixed last zero mark 12.8 feet Fall in ! hours 0.3 foot. CHARGED WITH VAGIUCT, J. M. Hogan and Delbert Foldpn -orer arrested by city detective Joe Haus lnger at a San Antonio street rooming house Saturday morning and charges of vagrancy registered against them at the police station. In their room were found three grips, one of them containing gambling devices of vari ous kinds, some smoking opium and several hypodermic syringes. Folden had been working, he said, at a gambling house in Juarez Let Wright do your cleaning. AUTOMOBILES ON FARMS PROMISE TO SOON MAKE HORSES AND MULES USELESS EXPENSES As an Influence Upon the Social Life in the Country the Auto Has Already Proved Valuable. By FREDERIC J. HASKIN. NO PHASE of the automobile in dustry promises more for the future than the genral adoption of power-propelled vehicles on the farms of the country. It has been demonstrated time and again that the automobile on the farm is a paying Investment Wherever It has been adopted in the rural communities It has added much to the rapidity with which the farm work may be done. Those who have made use of it declare that next to the telephone, it gives the farmer more advantages than any -other Innovation since the rise of har vesting machinery. The main difficulty confronting the automobile manufacturer in getting his machine into the hands of the farmer, has been the ultra-conservative tendencies of this large army of Amer icans. The average farmer is especial ly conservative in the matter ofpay ing out his bard earned dollars. While he may use the produce of his farm with what seems sometimes to be profligacy, he dislikes to bny anything which costs him an actual outlay of 'money. He thinks nothing of feeding his stock so well that they literally "roll in fat" even when grain is 00 cant a. bushel, and hav Is S3 a ton. But If he has to buy bay and grain a different complexion is placed upon the situation. New Magic Circle. It Is here that a new magic circle has been established. The law. permit ting the use of denatured alcohol for industrial purposes, has opened a new field f hope for the far-sighted automobile manufacturer. The farmer may now grow potatoes and may util ize the small ones for making dena tured alcohol to drive his farm machin ery. Wherever this has been tried, it has been demonstrated that it costs less to manufacture enough alcohol to take the place of a horse than it does to keep the horse. It doubtless will re quire years to get the conservative farmer to act upon this well-proved theory, but it is believed by many stu dents of farm economics that In the course of the coming decade or two, hundreds of thousands of farmers will adopt this method of securing power for their farm work In preference to the use of the horse. Horses a Burden. It .Is estimated that there are nearly 30,000.000 horses and mules In the Unit ed States, and that it takes the pro duct of some five acres of land to keep each one. The emancipation of the land from the burden of support ing the horses would make available many millions of acres for other pur poses. Of course, some of this land would be required for growing the po tatoes from which to make the alcohol. The net result, however, would be a great saving in the number of acres required to furnish the farm power of the United States. That the farmer may be somewhat justified in his conservatism In not adopting the farm tractor for all farm purposes. Is shown 'by a few statistics of the present annnal upkeep account of the automobile in the United-States. A leading trade authority caAnlates that the present day value of the au tomobiles in this country in money i aggregates more than double the total cost of the Panama canal. It Is esti mated, that the tire and inner tube bill of the automobile-using public of the United States now amounts to J J 0.000.- 000 a year. The gasoline used in 1912 will cost, authorities estimate, nearly as much as It costs to maintain the American army. Adding to this $20, 000,000 for oil and grease for lubricat ing purposes, it will be seen that the expense accounts for automobile opera tion, leaving out the matter of repairs and depreciation. Is a very heavy one. Tuse of the Farm Tractor. The versatility of the farm tractor la one of the most remarkable xeatares of the whole automobile business. Many of them are so constructed that they can haul a good sized train of loaded wagons to market one day, the next day serve as power for the operation of a thrashing machine or a wood saw, and the following day draw a aeries of harrows, rollers and drills over a large field. While the farm tractor is being most widely used in the middle west, on the Pacific coast and In the wheat raising districts of Canada, it Is, along with the pleasure car gradually com ing into its own In the other sections oz the country. The world's record for plowing has been made by an oil-driven tractor, tried out air Purdue university. Haul ing a unit of 60 plows, three of these tractors recently plowed a stubble field at that Indiana Institution at the rate of an acre every four and one fourth minutes. The three tractors, working together, were found to have a greater capacity than the three work ing singly. This is explained by the fact that plowing requires a great deal of reserve force, and that the re serve force of one is practically suffi cient for all three The tractors in this experiment were operated on a low grade of kerosene distillate, costing about four cents a gallon. The fuel cost for plowing was six nd one-half cents a gallon. The big gang-plow turned over seven acres of soil for ev ery mile it traversed. While, In many cases, the manufac turers of self-propelling farm machin ery have been Inclined to make the whole machine as a unit, others have found it more profitable to manufac ture tractors wtilch could be used sim ply as mechanical horses. With a com paratively small motor truck, or trac tor, the farmer is able to hitch up one binder or two mowers and so around a field of grain or grass at a much freater speed than with the horse rawn machinery. Rural Prejudlee Overcome One of the difficulties tending to pre vent the general adoption of farm tractors Is the prejudice in the rural mind against automobiles In general. Many an intelligent countryman has observed that this prejudice comes from the outomobllists themselves. They assert that so long as an automobllist observes the speed laws and takes those precautions which Insure the safety of the horse-using traveler, they have no complaint to make, and welcome rath er than complain of the advent of the automobile. It is when such things uappen as a farmers tour-horse team being scared and made to run away without the automobllist even stop ping to prevent the disaster, or to protect the farmer, that bitterness Is engendered. In a great many com munities wives and daughters of farmers are entirely stopped from trav eling on the public hlgnways for fear of having their horses frightened by careless and reckless automobMlsts drivers. The farmer contends that if the better class of automoblltsts would help to bring to Justice such reckless drivers as these, there would be no complaint on his part when the motor-car comes his way. Another consideration which has tended to prejudice the mind of the farmer against the automobile is the widespread publicity which is given to automobile accidents. From reading the newspapers of rural circulation one naturally would get the impression that the automobile is the JugKer naut of the modern transportation world. However, inquiries of the re cent census by no means substan tiate this Impression. Those inquir ies reveal the fact that in 1910 there were over 45,000 fatal accidents in the United States. Of these nearly 8, 000 were chargeable to the railroads: drowning and burning claimed more than 4,000 victims each; mines and quarries claimed some 2,500 victims; while vehicles other than automobiles were charged with 1,940 fatalities. The automobile had only 980 to Its credit Its Secla Influence. But even more Important than the utilitarian phase of the use of the au tomobile on the farm Is its social In fluence. Farm life in the United States has been and still is, unattac tive to many of the younger generation, as is proved by the steady increase of the urban population In proportian to the whole. Farm life has had many drawbacks; but tt is not the hard work. it is not the long hours. It (a not the routine, that has driven the boys to the city and has made the girls shrink from becoming farmers wives. All these are compensated by the fresh air, the good food, the health and the strength that come from clean living and communion with nature. The chief evil has been loneliness, the lack of human society and the drudgery of solitary labor has made farm life a nightmare to the country girl and has made it but little less at tractive to the country boy. The automobile In those sections where it has come into general use among farmers is doing much to cor rect this evil It has made Intimate neighbors of everybody within a ra dius of a score of miles and what was an all day's trip, and therefore impos sible, is now become an after-supper spin in which tne wife has her part. The automobile Is emancipating many farmers' wives from the blackest and most hopeless slavery. Not only does the automobile help ont socially, as far as the wife Is con cerned It has its utilitarian phase al so. If she can have her way and Is ingenious its motor will operate her churns, her washing machine, the pumps and do for her scores of things that of old have broken women's backs, serried their brows and brought them before their time to an old woman's grave the victims of the curse of drudgery. The automobile on the farm has its brightest promise for the future. It will help the farm said -the farm, in the end will be the final refuge and sustaining prop of the automobile. LETTERS TO THE HERALD (All cosainualeatlees mes: bear the signature of the writer, bet the aim will not be published where sua a re qsest s made.) HERRERA PUT TJF OWN BOND. Ctudad Juarez, March 39. Editor El Paso Herald: In today's -edition of your paper under the head "Castillo Herrera. High Pascualists Officer under arrest here." appears a falsity which affects my reputation as an Independent man and makes me receiving favors from persons whom I have always consid ered enemies of my brothers. "In the paragraph referred to It says that the 31,000 bond which I gave to secure my liberty was furnished by the son of a prominent landowner of Chihuahua. This is false. I paid the bond with money from my own pocket. Therefore I will ask you to rectify the paragraph which was published In or der1 that my friends may know that I have not received and am not disposed to receive favors from the Terraaases who are those to whom the aforemen tioned paragraph has reference. Castulo Herrera. Hints or Gardening Last Instructions By GEORGE FITCH, Author ef "At Good Old Siwash" (Copyright, 1912, by George Mathew Adams.) . WHEN the young, plants have be- gun a sturdy growth, the buayS season for their master begins I in earnest. He must encourage and assist them with props, poles, trellises, and crutches, while they are climbing the golden stair. The tomato is weak and nervous and must be held up with a wooden frame, so that the birds can got at the ripening fruit more conveniently. The peas must be trellised, tad the beam must be poled. The bean is a very en thusiastic climber, frequently devoting itself so exclusively to the exercise that it forgets to pod. Select a long, well seasoned pole, and coil the young plant around it. It will soon beeonte so at tached to the pole that it will refuse to leave it even for meals. There is no garden product so hardy as the bean pole, nor none whioh wfll more riehly repay a little care. Choose your pole carefully, plant it deeply and give it plenty of sunshine. You will find it impervious to frost, drouth and cut worms. Moreover, it is a perennial and can be used from year to year. Often it is the sole crop at the end of a long, hard summer, but no crardener who ha harvested a plentiful supply of bean poles neeu ie u, nis labor has been in vain. Telling things apart is one of the dis couragements of the amateur gardener. The baby plant is so unlike the finished product that he is bewildered. Seed sellers should illustrate the baby' plant on their packets, and not the adult vege table. Anyone can tell a ripe tomato, but the infant sproutlet looks so much like dog fennel, that it frequently meets a terrible fate at the hands of its in furiated owner. A few simple directions will be of much assistance. The plants which die first are the tomatoes. The plants with large leaves, out of which the worms make battenburg lace, are cabbages. The plants with the soft brown bugs all over them are potatoes. The plants which come up and rush madly over into the neighbor's yard are pumpkins, or squashes, or cucumbers The plants which cume up urea and discouraged, and need two cans of water a day are lettuce. The I Abe JUfartin Tiptoe Bud is agin rannin' fer sheriff after a five days siege quinsy, or in door boil. Some o our Most ardent ad vocates o th municipal ownership a' groceries are alius in th' frost seat at th the-atet. M Years Ago To From The Herald Of J- Frocx The Herald Of Tate Date lg98 A train of sheep came over today for J. B. Manby, of Colorado. There will be orchestra practice to night at the McGinty headquarters. Miss Dromgoole gave several Inter esting readings at Mesa school yester day afternoon. The Southern Pacific oompaay will sink walls near those It has at present and will also erect a pumphouse there. T. S. Peters has both pens of the Santa Fe stockyards filled with cattle and will ship them north tomorrow. President A. X. Robinson of the Mex ican Central went north today In his private car attached to the Santa Fe train. The United States- court will open (Monday and the judge and other of ficers of the court will arrive in town Saturday. The treasurer of the city schools Is paying off all teachers warrants for the months of September and Octo ber, W7. - The Sunset Limited arrived nearly two hours late today because the en engine broke a spring hanger and the train had to be pulled In front Lords burg by a freight engine. There were SS. passengers on board. An indignation meeting was held last night at whloh the president was criticised for not taking immediate ateps to secure the freedom of Cuba. Speeches were ntade by W. W. Bridg ets. X R. Harper, K. W. Stanton and Olvead&m Jones. The Democratlo primaries were held last night and 13 delegates were elected. 'They are: J, w. Magoffin. Charles Davis, J. R. Harper. George Oalnnie. W. W. Brldgers. J. C. Jones. J. C Ross, J. W. Page. J. D. Ponder. W. C. Kneeland, R. D. Richey. Ike Alderete, 3. A, Becajeda. The conven tion will be held tonight, when candi dates will be nominated. ITHGRO AND WHITE MAX KISHTt ONE IS DEAD; OTHER IS DTTNG Atchison, Ksjl. March SO. In a street duel here today between G. W. Robinson and William Bdson, a negro, the white man was killed and Edison was mortally wounded. Th nea had boon enemies and when they met today Robinson drew a pistoi and shot Bdson. Two negroes, friends of the wounded men. grappled with Robinson and threw him to the ground. Bdson then raised up and shot Robin son to death. plants whioh writhe about the ground m convulsions are peas. The traet of ground which doesn't sprout at all con- tains either nrtabaeas or cauliflowers. In case you should find, after a severe frost or drouth, a plant which is grow ing strongly and is remarkably well looking, root it out without a minute's hesitation. It is a weed. We have now arrived at the all im portant subject of the harvest Long before this time however, you will have ceased raiing to tend to your garden at 4 a. m. Ton may have some difficulty in telling just where the garden is. However, the bean poles, if tall enough, should locate it for you. The main ob ject in gardening is, of course, to present your neighbor with a bunch of home grown radishes, before his have begun to swell at the roots, thus causing him to turn green and expire with envy. To do this, purchase on the nhht be fore, two dozen fine young radishes and plant them carefully hi your gardes. Then harvest them in the morning, hav ing your wife beat a tin pan to attract attention, and giro them to your neigh bor with the moist earth still upon them. This is the true triumph of gar- Hmnn mI wrill ,lw .u.. your arduous labors. '