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AN INDEPENDENT DAILY NEWSPAPER
DEDICATED TO THE SERVICE OF THE PEOPLE, THAT NO GOOD CAUSE SHALL LACK A CHAMPION, AND THAT EVIL SHALL NOT THRIVE UNOPPOSED. - H. D. Slater, Editor-in-Chief and controlling owner has directed The Herald for 14 Years; G. A. Martin is News Editor. THIRTY-SECOND YEAR OF PUBLICATION Superior exclusive features and complete news report by Associated Pre33 Leased Wire and 200 Special Correspondents covering Arizona. New Mexico, west Texas. Mexico. Wash ington. D. G. and New York. Published by Herald News Co.. Inc.: H. D. Slater (owner of 55 percent) President; J. C Wilmarth (owner of 20 percent) Manager: the remaining 25 percent is owned among 13 stockholders who are as follows: H. I CapelL H. B Stevens. J. A. Smith. J J. Mundy. Waters rvls. H. A. True. McGIenonn estate. W. P. Payne. It. C. Canby. G. A. Martin. Felix Martinez. A. L. Sharpe. and John -. Ramsey. EL PASO HERALD Editorial and Magazine Page Wednesday. A-stFourteenth, 1? 12 Vote For TUESDAY, August 27, a special election will be held to pass upon a county bond issue of $150,000 for road purposes. The chief purpose of this issue is to extend the main lower valley road or Old Military road beyond Fabens to Fort Hancock and the eastern bounds of El Paso county. If any money remains after this is done, it will be spent in improving the existing system of roads up and down the valley. But probably the entire proceeds of the bond issue will be needsd for the main eastern extension. It is true that at present the lands in the east end of the county beyond Fa bens do not contribute much to the county tax budget The bulk of the cost of the proposed bond issue must necessarily be paid by El Paso city, and the railroads. Btrt it will be a wise investment There is no usiiamenting the lack of develop ment in the eastern part of ihe county, as long as we continue to isolate it as completely as if there were a vast unbridged gulf separating us. We deliberately isolate those sections, by refusing to build roads to serve them. If a municipality were to adopt with reference to its own development, such a narrow policy as we have pursued with reference to outlying road work :n the county, we should never expand, but only crowd, in greater and greater con gestion, about a center where transportation facilities could be had. It is trans portation that expands and develops a city, and the same principles exactly apply to the county and the state. Good roads, like a healthy heart and circulation in the human body, are the basis of all living functions in any section. If the roads are goo'd, then develop ment is rapid, settlers come in, investments are made, improvements proceed con stantly, water is found and utilized, valuable crops are produced, the markets are made accessible, exchange of products is made easy, and the consumer in the city benefits by the new competition. After a while, thriving communities spring up, and then the railroads begin to take notice, better traffic facilities are provided, and through that normal cooperation of effort that is born of competition but becomes stronger than the spirit of competition, the new settlements become towns of some wealth and importance, producing more than they consume, and con tributing their own fair share to the general funds for progressive development on a larger scale. This cycle must start somewhere; it starts with the building of good roads. The old way was to wait until communities developed, and then build the roads and railroads. The new way is to build roads and railroads and create the new communities as a definite result of the improved transportation. H. E. Huntington has the greatest interurban electric system in the west, around Los Angeles. For many years he has pursued the same policy, of never building a new electric line until substantially the same route had first been covered by a first class paved county road. He has sense enough to know that the general improvement of trans portation facilities works for the good of all, and makes for the general profit and welfare. He has often said that he did not purpose to do all the development work: he thought it only fair that the public should participate in the first costs. So he has followed the paved roads with his railroads, and has given rapid transit in sections where decent means of communication had already been provided. The road and the railroad cannot take the place of each other. Both are necessary, but the good roads are jnore necessary than the electric lines, especially in the first stages of development The county of El Paso has a very small bonded debt The county can well afford to carry the cost of this small bond issue. The benefits of the new road will be general, tending to promote the utilizing of the land resources of this county as nothing else could do. Indirectly now, and directly with future growth, the city of El Paso and the railroads will derive the greatest part of the benefits. The bonds should be voted; for when we quit growing we die. o 'Auditors O. K. School Board's Books OST GRATIFYING to every citizen of the books of the public schools. The final report of the auditors, who were experts from another city wholly disinterested in local affairs, shows that the books of the school trustees are financial record of the actual conditions. Sawyer, the accountant and purchasing economical way in which he had administered his department, and for his intimate knowledge of the details of school business management. "1 'htt TCH,t..-p mln w.,.v. vnnnmtH ... .. , ,. . . .,, and disbursing systems, with a view to detaUs involved in handUnc the ontlav of full reports will be made to the board and to the public, and there will be regular and frequent checking up with the city treasurer so that there will be a more accurate knowledge of the exact financial condition of the schools on any one date than has been possible heretofore without considerable effort. The work having now been done, covering one year, and the system brought into line with modern practice, it will be to repeat the audit each year. This should by all means be done, first for the I Tionofir nf the crhonl t-r-crc -KI .... .. . . Lt, t iv. ... and second for. the information of the taxpayers. "Wih such a good financial record of trusteeship, as certified to by the official auditors, the school board should have no difficulty in securing public support in future for its progressive policies with reference to a modern high school and other necessary additions to school facilities. Interstate Liquor Shipments N THE United States senate the judiciary committee favorably reports a bill to prevent the shipment of liquor into prohibition states. Without doubt, this measure if enacted into law and found constitutional, would o far to mako prohibition within the states effectual whereas now it is largely a farce. nT IB Tnf TnTirTl fAtrr w.'U , TT-I o... . . 6 ,, the revenue or interstate commerce. If such -P ATlfnrr T- Trrt --,--4-4-- -..-.--l 1 t ... .callv oleaK p tne j!---. traffic ; prohibition states. To be consistent it would have to extend also to foreigi countries. Wiether it be wise to attempt prohibition of the traffic without also pro hibiting the manufacture and sale is still a matter of debate. But it is certain that without the trade of the states and districts already "dry" under local laws, the liquor manufacturers would be in very hard straits. In case such a law were passed by congress, it would still become necessary for each local option state to enact and strictly enforce a law prohibiting shipment of liquors from wet into dry territory within the state. Of course no serious effort is made nowadays to accomplish this, but the failure is partly if not prin cipally due to inability to control interstate shipments. It is not likely that con gress will enact the law at this time. Fort Bhss and country club visitors have the satisfaction of knowing that after awhile the going will be good, but just at present, with the roads torn up for re building it is almost as hard as a trip to the north pole to get to either place. Some of the drivers are wondering if judge Eylar couldn't fix it so they could drive alongside the new road work and eliminate the almost impossible pull through the sand. UNCLE WALT'S DENATURED POEM miles By Walt T FsS ?re voVmS 3?JSJ? d "P "to a pleasant -iro o t-- ,;4 - r, t ; ,, " " Tf a Tnnn ir- -i;ta t j .. sirEH pmile that is daily seen onk. 7.ZT so well that honor Snd comfort dwell for AWX.tffirlwil?.S tArtio' ZS , i i e ,Golden Rule- The smile on his face unrolled is enuine ffjs-a?Si-y:si- - . ... ? the Bonds must be the result of the general audit in excellent shape, and present a true The auditor strongly commends F. E. agent of tie board, for the capable and - ..,,.,.. - - tails ot school business management. ' 4m. f.. I. . 4 ? ll.. L! . b holding a closer check over the multiple i S20fl.0Dn nr TnnrP r,pr i7Pflr Front, t f possible, at comparatively small expense, tho, - th . t :-! - iuc UCLIC1 iu ui:i,iii&e iiieir uuues, ,.. oldies government in matter nf a law were enacted it would certainly i . .. .. Mason. ." u """" aiomj your way. that vou , . a?s that sort of a thing will win styles (the same as in hats) Tt. a ,BmUe L mean .- y e ;SZT :te-ft EiSS .r i .. - e lives his life, con rate all his neighbors unrolled is genuine. i . The Laying of the (By Paul Trent) I It was the third time that the two men had made the same seat on the embankment their restingplace for the night. "I'm wondering what It'll be like when the, cold weather comes." "Sufficient unto the day," Philbank laugher harshly. It was weakness and not vice that had brought .him to this state. In South Africa he had foughtVmlliantly. and returned to lingland with the brightest prospects. But a woman had crossed his path a woman with the devil's beauty that had made him for get everything save his desire. Career had been sacrificed at her altar money had been thrown away and then she had coldly dismissed him. The descent had been rapid, and now for months he had been existing from hand to mouth and for the last few days, homeless and half-starved. "I wish to God they'd give me' an other chance," the younger suddenly said. Philbank looked at him suspiciously, and seemed about to speak, then hesi tated, and finally remained silent. Couldn t you make good with an other chance?" he asked at last. "I believe so." "Then you shall have one. Wait a moment." Philbank hailed a passing policeman. j "Officer, can you oblige me with a : piece of paper and a pencil?" he asked. i The constable put his hand in his pocket, and produced the required ar ticles. I'nuoanK wrote raptaiy, and handed back the pencil with thanks. "Take this to the Savoy and ask for Colonel Strathmore. But I want your word that you won't say where you have seen me." Philbank said, rouchlv. I to the other. "Good luck to you." "Thanks, and " "Cut along." Philbank watched him cross to the other side of the Embankment. "I believe I can do it now," he mut tered, and drew near to the parapet. For a moment his muscles were taut, and then his body relaxed. "I haven't got the pluck." he said with a groan, and he despised himself the more for his cowardice. He- was about to turn away when a shrill cry could be heard some thirty EYES THAT By WINIFRED BLACK. r HE other day I went to the moun- t tain top. It was a fair day in the valley. a day exceeding fair. All along the way the red indian paint brushes stood like funny little patarans, put there long ago to show gypsy feet the road to tne summit. And beside them flow ered the tall blue lunth and the bright yellow mountain furze, and as we went higher, through the sighing pines, into the region of the twisted cedars, past the quivering aspen groves, up. up be yond the line of timber, the blue, for get-me-nots carpeted the upland meadows like great rugs of priceless Kuruirf iue, oiue aS the eves Of n newborn baby, blue as saDDhire. hl as the sky on a June day in Call- fornia, blue as forget-me-nots. j And a little pale girl sat among them and gathered bouquets to help , S-h u nV "V?5 ,-hre. ln the hills ofi I"6 h?Cl toJlnd strength. And we all bought the bouquets and smiled " -- &" w- vwuvjuio aim oiiiixcu int? tn,e 5n? ej"es o tne delicate child, ! "u asiiea ner wnat sne cauea tne dog who was her sturdy companion. And mm nf i.c thniwtif f iTMiti. .';r-.sonVi o . us thought of healthy cniiuren ot our own, happy at home, nd some, I think remembered chll- 5?,n f?l,Z had tned to live to' and ! had failed I Up we went, up and up to the of the world, and there we saw ; glory of the skies. top the 1 They were blue that day. as blue I as the forget-me-nots, and far. far j below us floated great fleets of snow j white clouds like icebergs adrift' in a strange and silent sea. And some I of us could not speak, and some sighed. land snmp. T knnw. vctnt fnr- v-- - ' t the great beauty of it all. J rt hiiM J!,. !.i rt j d beside me and sniffed. PrL ,i S-.1 see any" ..?' VU- . . . ,. ;. f'. J- an,1; shc tol ""- "" I"-.""" "- "- aim smile-. . 4 a . . t I MM . "Say. - said she. thing much here, , "Not a thing. i me the mountains were all a great j fake, and she wished she had stayed at home. THE FOUNDING By REV. THOMAS NE hundred and forty nine years ago August 8, 1763 Pierre La clede Liquest set out from New Orleans, and three months later reached the point for which he had started. Fort de Chartres. Liquest was the representative and afent of the firm of Maxent & La clede, of New Orleans, which enterpris ing company had just been granted the exclusive trade of the Missouri, and of the Mississippi as far as the mouth of River St. Peter, and it was for the purpose of establishing a point around which the advantages of this grant might materialize that the above mentioned expedition was undertaken. A month after his arrival at Fort de Chartres, December 1763, Liquest set out to select the site of the com pany's post, and after looking tho ground over carefully decided upon the locality near the junction of the Missouri with the "Father of Waters." Here was a firm, bold bank, high enough to be out of the way of the floods, and yet not too steep to in terfere with the loading, and unloading of rtonts tn -llH t i -u k n,l . f.-iot thntitwnithT-; rr".r..-i., I depot of the entire trade of the Mis :t-V: "..,.- ".."" ,""."?"? -. c I souri. Having determined upon the site, Liquest. on the morning of February 15. 1761, turned the first sod for the erection of the first building in the city which today has a population of nearly a million souls. In April tho settlement received the name of St. Louis, from Louis the Fifteenth of France. While Liquest was on his way up the Mississippi from New Orleans, the vast region west of the river passed into the hands of Spain, where it re mained, for 40 years, when the in evitable happened, and the "Province of Louisiana" passed into the possess ion or the United States. It was an unusual spectacle that was witnessed in St. Louis on March 9 and 10. 1801. The formal transfer of Louisiana from Spain to France had not been made when the time came for its transfer to the United States. Tn orler that this transfer from France to the United States might be made, Capt. Stoddard, of the United States army, had been authorized to receive thi- region from France, and was also empowered by the. French government to act as its agtnt in the transfer, .vhich had first tc take place from Spain to France. All being ready, the Spanish flag was lowered, with all due ceremony, and in its place was run iin the standard of France. Then, with some more eremonv thf transfer from France to the United States took Past The Herald's Daily Short Story yards off and a crowd quickly gathered, all eyes peering eagerly towards the river. He hurried along and asked what had happened. "A woman has jumped over, some one said. Philbank threw off his coat and dove towards a dark object which could just be seen. He swam strongly but as he reacher her, she struggled fiercely to free herself from his grasp. T- - io a "Don't be a fool.". he cried, ana wnen she continued to fight, he raised his list ana sirucK " """ - - pie. . I j. . . udi iici . - - . commenced to tow her slowly towards T'I.a.. !,. et llITIPK CU.l UUU il tne emDanKmenu ,.....- - ..... saturated, and his burden the heavier. i,nt cfiu ho Qtrmrfrlpd on. Bodily weak ness told at last, and his strength wav ered, until his arms barely moved. "I'm done." he gasped, and his senses were vanishing when a dark body loom ed" over them, and voices sounded in his ears. When Philbank recovered conscious- ness he was lying in a bed with clean When 1876-came the Democratic can sheets, the touch of silk on his skin. U. .iate was Samuel J. Tilden, a born "Where .am I?" he asked feverishly. . organizer. It always takes monev to i And kindly blue eyes looked down at 1 ,m. "Strathmore." he gasped. "You musn't talk, old man. Go to sleep," was the gentle answer. A couple of days later he was seated on the balcony, but now he was well dressed, and his stomach was no longer empty. ' Beside him was Colonel Strath more. "You are sure you are strong enough to go to the Inquest?" the Colonel ask ed, anxiously. "Quite sure. And so the poor devil is dead. Well, she wanted to die." An hour later Philbank entered the mortuary and his eyes rested on the face of the woman whose life he had struggled to save. "My God," he cried, and his voice, was filled with horror. It was the woman who had ruined his life. He touched her hand and trembled at its chill. Her eyes they were blue were open, and on her forehead was a bruise. Slowly he bent his head, and his 11D3 touched the discolored skin; the mem ory of fierce kisses overwhelmed him. And then he went out to face the world. SEE NOT "Spent a lot of money all for noth ing." she said. "I'll know better next time, I'll tell you that." And as we went down the mountain side we talked, and I found that she like'd the town near by "rather well." "There are two picture shows there." she said, "and every night there's vaudeville, and a band concert twice a week and lots of folks moving about all the time." And we laughed together, the woman who sniffed and I, at the people who were "jay enough," that was the expres sion she used, to like the mountains, and the sky. and the fleets of clouds. and the fields of hpavpnlr hln ?ti T qiit nnea that -rtr till Ire. t?hA c- , 11 th --c t in . -,--.-;-- too. Poor, foolish, blind, deaf. dumb, half living creature! Why, she never sees anything, she just thinks she sees. What d such People get out of the r world. I wonder? What a queer, mixed 1 mi. xfiiiiiKfi unrr rr them all the time! "' iwiioi owi i ui inati; il must ue iu What fools thev other neonie or m must think all the 1 itfir tiiinnlo Sl Tnai.ka fli... 1.1.1- .W.. 1 .. ,.,..t, . ,"j "c i.cj. uuun. ure rest of us are just putting on when we like to see beauty instead of ugli- ness. glory instead of squalor! . J knew a man once who said he We llkp tr hpnllK' 1n:tengl ef .,!! ! knew no one really nked to read. they just said they did to "put on. I know another man who declares he can"t see the difference between a dinner at a good restaurant and a "feed" at a cafeteria, "it's all grub," he says, "what's the difference, ex cept the airs?" and he really means it, too. All men are equal, says the old law i.f 1 ....- , ,.. , .. so.' All men are eauaT and one u if?; ,u men are ea-ual. and one is I . blind, and one is deaf, and one Is dull, J andone Js lame. . ! AU men are equal, and all women i ,' too perhaps! - - - -- I wonder f th wm- -v, .,i.wt see anything worth looking at on the . ...... ...,.(f ,. 1 Ml IVVIVIll 'mountain top thinks so, too? OF ST. LOUIS B. GREGORY. place. The flag of France was pulled down, and the "Stars and' Stripes" waved for the first time in the future metropolis of the wonderful Missis sippi valley. Thus St. Louis enjoyed the unique VtnnrtT- ht- - !. ..-!.. -t s- .n ! rtn- .,,: bH "., -.u ', '" t i ll-O C-ll II1C 11 l three different nations float over it in token of sovereignty within the brief I space of 24 hours. WORKMEN FIND TEN THOUSAND DOLLARS Supposed to Have Been Hid den by Bandit in House Where Found. Liberty, Mo., Aug. 14. Ten thousand dollars In gold, believed to have been hidden by William Anderson, a bandit who terrorized central Missouri after the civil war, has been found in the old manor house, on what was the Plantation of William Burch. in How- ara county. .Missouri, and which now is tne property of C. E. Yancev. of I.ih- erty. Mr. Yancey was notified of the I discovery by employes who are re modeling the old house. According to those who are familiar with the story and the death of An l dcrson in 1SGS, he was wounded after roDDlng a central Missouri bank and stopped that night in the manor house of the Burch plantation. It was in the room in which thi- bandit slept that the money was found. TRUST MONOPOLIZED COLORADO BUSINESS Evidence Shows Trust Had Eyes Open to Control All Colorado Business. Denver, Colo., Aug. 14. Tne taking or testimony here in the government's suit against the sugar trust in an eT fort to bring about its dissolution con tinues. A new- 5tid rai nrncontArl 1A Charles R. Hurd, former secretary or me -oiorauo Wholesale Grocers' asso ciation, and C. F. Best, formerly a wholesale grocer, testified regarding an agreement the Wholesale Grocers' association entered into with the sugar combine in 1904 Bv agreement, ac cording to testimony, the wholesale dealers re-oived rebates from the su gar i.i,rrprtr.ior t. rtt iin. nsf them for lo.ses incurred prior to this agreement. POLITICAL PARTIES SPEND MILLIONS IN EVERY PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN In 1S64 $100,000 Covered the Entire Expense of Lincoln's Election Blaine Spent More Than Any Other Candidate. By FREDERIC J. HASKIS. ASHINGTON, D. C, Aug. 14. The campaign funds of the political parties in the United States in the first century of inde- ! pendence were not noted for their size j in the earlier days of the Republic money was not used very freely in i be donc at raiUes and barbecues, with ; an acc0mpaniment of good "licker" i lniiueHCing voiers. wnat could not was largely lelt undone. xeonara i oweii ueciareu inai it aia not cost - nver .ifiii tn 1 ,.,... 17An r. c.ii.n !. l ., , ui fivu . mc Humiliation j ot Abraham Lincoln for the presidency in 186U, ana tnat $100,000 financed the entire campaign in 18G4. There .... .. mcic was a gradual increase in the size of . u'""iul i'"uuw' parties of the country thereafter until 1S76. but they were not large enough to arouse much interest in them or for them to leave their impress upon the records of American politics. ; TildenVt Campaign Eiik.j. secure a thorough organization, even when none of it is illegitimately used. ? And the funds for organization were at hand. A conservative writer has estimated that the two parties spent some $800,000, and that the majority of this came from the Democratic war chest. In that campaign Sena tor Barnum of Connecticut, was the chairman of the Democratic national committee, and Zachary Chandler of Micnigan, was chairman of the Re publican national committee. It was the first campaign in the hi3tory of the country when political strategy became an exact science. When the election returns began to come in it appeared that Tilden was elected. Early In the night Gov. Hayes had conceded the election of his op ponent. Chairman Chandler had shut up headquarters In New York and gone home, admitting defeat. The New York Times, regarded as the Hayes organ, had sent its early editions to press, conceding Tilden's election. But for a very untoward circumstanc. the coun- try might then and there have ac- iciJieu mucus eictiiuii. sul Juki ai this juncture there came to the editor of the Times, the late John C Reed, a telegram from the chairman of the Democratic national committee, Mr. Barnum, inquiring how Louisiana and several other states, which everybody had conceded to Tilden, had gone. Reed took the cue. He knew there was doubt in the Democratic leader's mind, and that it would not do to abandon claim to victory in the face of it. He called off his early editions conceding the election of Tildes, and substituted j uuiers cjuiminK a victory lor nayes. He then hunted up William E. Chand ler, secretary of the Republican nation al committee and now one of the fore most of the ad-ocates of full publicity for all campaign expenses and contri butions, and between them they started the Republican party to calming the victory that a few hours before they had conceded to the Democrats. It worked, and that telegram did n.ore than all of the Tilden campaign fund to change the result of the election. Million Spent in 1SSC. In 18S0 both parties had sizeable funds and most authorities calculate that the two spent about $1,000,000. In 1SS4 Blaine and Cleveland were the op posing candidates, and it has been as serted that Cleveland had a shade '-he better of Blaine in tile matter of funds. Blaine probably put up more money, personally, than any other candidate initial subscrintion was .thouh senator B. F In the hlstorw of the presidency. His 125,000. anil Jones and Stephen B. Elkins are credited with havlnf ralspri r furwl eT SPOft 00ft thorf ,..o ciu n Y.An,... tAri.it .,..,1 m.in. . .. '. - - --- . nimscu put in anotner luu.tntw. it is said thAt hi hMw rontrihntlons. i .,-1 1 j j ii more thin Tnvthin-- Xis. to wrUe hiT "Twentv Y gress" to rccouD his "fort inuuecu 111111 cars in uon- tpss to rwsHin his fortune. Th ra mous dinner in which Jcv Gould and others then in bad odor participated, came to be known as the Feast of Bel shazzar, and that, coupled with the "Rum. Romanism and Rebellion" re mark of the Reverend Mr. Burchard. probably hnd more to do with the de feat of Blaine than all. the money raised against him. When the returns came in. New York was the pivotal state, and there was a neck and neck race. A cont was threatened and William C. Wl ney promptly raised $30,000 to fight legal battle. Furthermore, the Den crats secured the legal services of R was a neck and neck race. A contest Mt- the Demo- Ros- coe Conklmg in preparation for the promised contest. But Blaine, after ward declaring that he would have made the contest but for the fear that it would precipitate anotlur civil war. conceded the state to Cleveland. It is in view of that threatened contest that a provision of the law of 1910 takes on a peculiar interest. This provision says that nothing in the law shall be construed as limiting or affecting the I right of any person to spend money j for proper legal expenses in maintain- ing or contesting the results of any election. Chests AVell KUIril In 1SW. When the campaign of 1SSS came around It was found that both war chests were well filled, with the hon ors on the side of the Harr'son end of tne llgnt. It is asserted that John Wanamaker and three other rich men , TJ--..l..o-l- .--!,! J400.000, and that large funds were raised in other states, notably In New York. It was In this campaign that Mathew Stanle; Quay coined his celebrated phrase, "frying the fat," a job he could always do to the queen's tatste. It was in this campaign also that the celebrated letter attributed to Gen. Dudley, ad vising the Republican workers in In diana to steer the Democrats up against the "barl" of the Republican managers and to march the voters to the polls ln blocks of five, each worker being responsible for his five voters. The letter was denied as a forgery, but it is asserted that a whole trunkful of small bills was delivered in Cincinnati to the Republican leaders of Indiana. In 1S92 William C. Whitney captured the Cleveland fight and there was no lack of funds on that side. On the Re publican side also much money was spent, but nothing could turn the tide that had set away from the Republi cans after the passage of the McKinley tariff. After the fight was over. Cor nelius N. Bliss, who had c-arge of the Republican campaign finances, went one day to the offices of the American Protective Tariff league. He found 55000 in its treasury and Is said to have exclaimet that it was the only solvent thing in the Republican party at that time. Thi fnirin-ilft-n f 1nrt Ahrmt tho pnmnalfn nf 150C tharn l I wide divergence of opinion, except that J the Republicans had what was prob ably the largst campaign fund In the historv of politics. Burke Cochran once declared that Mr. Hanna had $15, 000,000 to spend. Another writer, who knew Mark Hanna rather intimately, declared he had it on good 'authority that his fund totaled $6,000,000. and that the largest individual contributor was an insurance companv which planked down $200,000 for the cause of Mr. McKinley. One railroad put up $100,000. It is asserted by another au thority that in October, when the drift seemed to be toward Mr. Bryan, cer tain corporations were assessed one fourth of one percent on their i-apital stock with which to stem the tide. The Romiblican printing bill of that year is estimated at $1,000,000. with a postage bill of half that amount. The statement lso has been made that Mr. Hanna contriDuted more than $1,000,000 ia me r-aimrr ana isi.cKncr campaign. On th npmnrratlr alrio tf th .-,. i i- i p iign th-re were some Dig contribu- i tions fr"m tho owners of o'lvor mine.". , vim -i ii ir -am mat u tne pcoplo ! "1 rut r"-rv!',i librrallv to th.- i!l of chairman Joiks for dollar ubscnn- ' tions. the committee must have gone bankrupt. In 1900 the Republicans had plenty of funds, while the Democrats had al most an empty treasury. In 1904 it was thought at the outset that Parker would get the bulk of the big contri butions, but it did not work out that ivaj. Where the -Money Goes. V .. Mr. Cortelyou has stated that the T ..l,,s ,, In 11ll 1 1 IIMllAA -nd .)Uts it as about half as large as the funds which were benma Cleveland in 1832 and McKinley in 1S96. He re cently testified before a senate com mittee that he never knew that the in surance companies nau ranirmuieu iu ' the lud of that year until the fact was brought out in the isew xorK m- .,--,-.- invostismtinn. While he Dlaces the Republican fund of l'JU4 at i.w-.- ooii. rrt.iin New York newspapers as sert that it amounted to $11,000,000. Mr. Cortelyou's itemized statement of ex penditures throws an interesting light upon the cost of the different activi ties financed by a national committee. First of all. of the $1,900,000 he says was received, some $700,000 was con tributed to the various state commit tees. For literary work and advertis ing the expenditure approximated $500,000. while the speakers' bureau cost $175,000. For lithographs and other work of that kind $100,000 was required, and for headquarters $150, 000. The committee had a surplus of approximately $100,000 at the end of the campaign. On the Democratic side August Belmont has placed the expen ditures at about $700,000, of which he contributed $250,000. William F. Shee han put the total about $1,000,000. As a matter of fact, no living mortal knows within millions, probably, what was spent in any campaign of recent years, prior to 1908. Political mana gers have always made it a point not to know too much about things. Rec ords were destroyed and evidences of full war chests covered up as much as possible. Tomorrow Four Years Ago. Years Ago To- From The Henld Of )otr ThlsDatel898 UV Mrs. Whitmer, who has been visiting in California, arrived home yesterday. Col. Neff went down the road on the T. P. today for a short business trip. Mrs. W. Petherick and two children left the city yesterday by way of the Central. M. W. Stinton left the city Saturday afternoon for Brewster -county on legal business. Judge Walthall and family returned today after a visit to friends and-relatives in Missouri. G. W. Roach, professor Putnam and Dr. Higgins have returned from a trip to the Sacramentos. ' F. B. Houghton, general agent of the Santa Fe. was a passenger from Albu querque this morning. Mrs. J. T. French, wife of Rev. French, left on the G. H. today to visit fi-ii.,i.; t s.n Klizario. I. T. Scarf was a passenger from Las Ciu.j mis morning, where he had been on special business. P. P. Hammett, or St Louis, Mo., is in the city visiting his parents, Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Hammett. W. P. Jones, an expert shirt ironer or Chicago, III., has been employed to iron shirts at the Troy laundry. E. L. Sargent deeded to Ida A. Tay lor in consideration of $560, lots 9 and 10. block -00, Campbell's addition. Mrs. W. S. Ashbrook, sister of agent Montague or the Texas & Pacific, lert over that line for a trip to Nebraska. Rhoderick Stewart, of California, brother or Douglas Stewart of this city, left today over the T. P. for the east. Herbert J. Bishop, assistant check line clerk for the G. H., left today -for Galveston on a ten days' leave or ab sence. Judge Sam French came down this morning from Las Cruces and will go out tomorrow to his turquois property in the Jarillas. "- Edwin Thomas has returned from a visiting trip which covered 15 states. Mr. Thomas traveled 5HM miles by rail and 2000 by water. Engineer Charley Lowe, of the T. P. switch engine, returned this morn ing from Dallas, where he has been visiting ror several days. He will re port ror work tomorrow. The ball game between El Paso and Fort Bliss opened up yesterday atter noon at S oclock with El Paso at the bat. The rort team Tell to pieces and the game was really tiresome. The score was 20 to 3 in ravor or El Paso. J. W. Brown umpired the game and gave good satisfaction. Referee in bankruptcy Burges, for this federal district, this morning said that as yet only one suit has been filed. "In taking out the papers under the bankruptcy law," said Mr. Burges, "the cost of the issuance of the papers BY 14 S.TQRTH CAROLINA Anlhor 0f "At Good 01d Siwash" (Copyright, 1912, by -a. -rORTH CAROLINA is located just py north of South Carolina ami tits w- ;f i:t- ii.A ..- r - -.- b aijv iu c-vi i u tlj : tureen. It is 500 miles lonji, 150 miles wide and has .00,000 inhabitants who arc so evenly distributed over the soil that jthe lamest town in the state onlv has 25,000 people. " North Carolina is iroteted against conimercc on the east by Cape Ilatteras ana many miles of sand bars and on the west by mountain ami railroads which ; use yesterday's trains wanned over with perfect content. A great deal of the j eastern part of the state is so soft that the casual visitor is likely to sink into i it up to Ins neck but when about 3,000,- 000 acres of swamp land are drained agri culture will receive a great boost and North Carolina will begin to rival Illinois as a producer of corn. North Carolina raises vast quantities of tobacco and cotton ami also supplies the peanut roasters of the world with fuel. If it were not for this state the elephants in a hundred menageries would die of starvation and baseball would lose half its charm. North Carolina produces in one year enough peanuts to litter up a street 10,000 miles long and 100 yards wide with shells. North Carolina was settled 250 years ago and has remained calm and placid ever since, not even setting into the civil war to anv extent. It took a nrrtminont ,rt in the nroduetion of erlv . . r. ; : J patriots turning out Andrew Jackson, Andrew Johnson and .Tames K Polk. Its ni , "a feat in tho last 1M vi"r how ;-ver bi-en the production of Uncle Joe J Th' poor house is full o' distinguished lookin people. This is goin' t' be an off year in politics fer fellers with plaid clothes an' three chins. is about $25; that, is, if' there Is no contest over the matter." Superintendent Grieg, of the El Paso Northeastern, said' this morning: "We have just approved of the plans for the new club house for Alamogordo, and if everything turns out this win ter as we calculate at present we will have one of the largest number of health seekers at our resort that has ever been brought to our city. Another miraculous escape was mada this morning by a woman and two children who were riding in a buggy down Myrtle avenue. After going down that street the wheel on a Mexican's wagon came In contact with a tele phone post and the horse hong up until the owner came and backed the wagon away from the post. The horse hitched to the buggy was frightened at the unusual sight and ran away. Ha was stopped before any damage re sulted. PATRIA. I would not even ask my heart to say If I could love another land as well As thee, my country, had I felt the spell Of. Italy at birth, or learned to obey The charm of France, or- England'3 mighty sway; I would not be so much an infidel As once to dream or fashion words to tell. What land could hold my love from the away. For like a law of nature in my blood I feel thy sweet and secret sover eignty. And like a birthmark on my soul thy sign. My life is but a wave and thou the flood; I am a lear, and thou the mother tree: Nor should I be at all, were I not thine. Henry Van Dyke. DAILY RECORD Building Permits. To. Fredericko Aguirre, to erect a porch, 2624 Bassett avenue; estimated cost $20. Deeds Filed. Sierra Blanca. Texas T. R. James and sons to C M. MIckle, lot 5, block 1. Sierra Blanca; consideration, $1000; July IS, 1911. EI Paso county, Texas 1 E. Gibbs to C M. Miekle, sections li and 17. block 54 , public school land: consid eration. $1000; August 12, 1912. EI Paso county. Texas J. A. Web ster to Mrs. C. M. MIckle. section 17, block S'V public school land; considera tion. $640; June 7. 1912. Licensed to "Wed. C. K. Becker and Mary E. Ronan. Hilario Lopez and Maria Duran. Automobile Licensed. 10.2-r-C. Hudspeth. 1710 Montana street; Indian motorcycle. Birthfl Girls. To Mrs. L. Esparza. 1115 South Santa Fe street; August 1L To" Mrs. D. Garcia. 998 South Florence street; August 10. To Mrs. Crescendo Marquez. 1514 Zaragoza alley; August 9. To Mrs. Jose Morales, S26 Seventh street; August S. To Mrs. Felix Gallndo, Guerro alley and Eighth street; August S. To Mrs. Eligio Orona. Eighth and Leon streets; August 7. To Mrs. T. Aragon, 425 South Oregon street; July 2S. Births Boys. To Mrs. V. Valenzuela. Stanton and Eighth streets: August 7. To Mrs. Jesus Enrique-, 115 South Florence street; July 24. To Mrs. Juan Barno. South Ore gon street: July 2S. To Mrs. Marin, 517 Broadway; July 23. To Mrs. Jose Villar, Santa Fe street: July 31. GEORGE FI1 CH, George IathewAdams.) , Cannon. It is a peaceful, hook-wormy state whose only diversion is to send a i Rpni iKln in -uirr4 now im! then and to watch Cornelius Vanderbilt try to farm his patch of ground at Biltmore with a gold-mounted plow and imported ! horse flies. I North Carolina has been introduced to i modern Americans chiefly through Ash- viHc which sits up in its western moun- "Gold mounted plow and imported horseflies." tains and has a climate which can be brcatlird with benefit by a man with only half a lung. Outside of its principal cities the state has changed little since the war and after Gabriel has blown everyone elso ino line on the last roll oil! he will h.-.ve to sive tiuec special toot- for Nuitli Carolina.