EL PASO, TEXAS,
August 28, 1912 16 Pages
Showers tonight or Thursday.
TWO Etll"" .
"Witness in Election Contest
Says He Received $2 After
KELLY SAID TO HAVE
That a man had voted a dead man's
poll tax receipt, was a statement of a
witness In the election contest hearing;
The witness said that the man was the
brother of the dead man who had been
killed at the battle of Rellano, while
fighting with Orozco's forces. A wit
ness testified that a poll tax receipt
had been issued to the dead man but
none to his knowledge had ever been
Issued to his brother, who, it was
stated, had cast the vote. A -witness
testified that the brother came to the
polls and made an affidavit to the ef
fect that he had lost his poll tax re
ceipt, and was allowed to vote. The
witness swore that the man gave the
name of his dead brother.
Another witness, who said that he
had lived in El Paso 64 years, and was
23 years or age wnen ne came nere
from Chihuahua, testified that he was
offered $5 if he would go to the polls
on election day and casi. nis -vote, but
fiat he only received 52.
"Witness also testified to the presence
of whisky in some of the polling places,
and to the discrepancy in the tally
sheets whose balance was made by
Claim Kelly Instructed Judge.
That mayor C. E. Kelly Instructed
John Saunders, presiding judge of pre
cinct No. 3, on election day, to mark
ali the ballots and not to allow any
cne else to mark the tickets, was the
sworn statement of Ed Bryant, who
vras one of the witnesses put on the
stand in the contest by the contestants
"Wednesday morning, following the re
sumption of the contest Tuesday.
The witness testified that the mayor
and another man, a saloon man, he said,
went into the polling place of that pre
cinct on the day of the election, while
the voting was In progress, and told
Saunders to do all the marking of the
tickets himself. Saunders, it was admit
ted was a ring judge. Bryant, who was
a candidate for sheriff on the anti-ring
t'cket, stated that he had followed
mayo- Kelly into the place, and when
he was ordered to leave it, he replied
that he woujd do so when the mayor
ard his companion were put out- He
said he heard the mayor tell Saunders
tJ mark the tickets.
Men "Without Tax Receipts.
J G. Sauremann, the first witness
"Wednesday morning testified: "I was
clerk in precinct lo. I understood the
polling was at the old school house. I
was there at 7:1B. At 8:16 we -were at
the right polling place. When, we ar
rived the place seemed"to be-epened- Mr. .
MrVey had been elected in Mr. Shep
perd s place. I did not see any record
there of his election. Mr. Hadlock said
tbat he had been elected oy the voters
r. resent. I was sworn in late that eve
r.rig about 6:35. I marked my tally
sbeets with the hour I was sworn in.
Tere was a man in a white suit.
I don't know who he was. He would
come there quite frequently. Yes. he
v-rtt.ii aronmnanv them inside.
I remember two instances where
men appeared without poll tax receipts
and whose names were not on the lists
of qualified voters. They were Mex
icar.s and demanded to be allowed to
vote. I objected. I do not think they
voted, not to my knowledge.
"A dputv sheriff, a man who was
wearing a gun. told Mr. Shepperd his
place was outside. "When we first ar
rived the place was full. Voting was
"The men who cast ballots 22 and 23
were not asked for whom they wanted
to vote. I remember these two.
"I called Mr. Hadlock's attention to
the law printed on the sheets about
having to mark the tickets.
Says Hadlock Marked Ticket.
"I remember one instance Mr. Mc
Vey asked a Mexican who he wanted to
Tote for and he said he wanted to vote
for Alderete and the anti-ring. Mr.
Hadlock said: Oh. yes. for Alderete and
the ring The man repeated several
times that he wanted to vote for Al
derete and the anti-ring. We had quite
a discussion over this. Finally Mr. Had
lock said: Oh. yes. Alderete and the
antl-rlng.' I told him that was what I
was trying to tell him for 15 minuter
Mr Hadlock marked all the tickets
with the exception of two or three oc
casions. , .
"I remember there was a large win
dots' at the rear of the polling place.
Continued on Page Four.
COLOSSAL GRAFT IS
REVEALED BY PROBE
New York Investigation Shows Social Evil Houses,
That Had Names of Young Girls on Their Lists,
Paid Large Sums For Police Protection.
-Xe-rr York, N. V, Aug. 2S Searching along the trail of police blackmail
that led np to the murder of the gambler Herman Rosenthal, the state's at
torney now reports a form of social evil from -which colossal graft ls in
cluded. This blackmail, be snys, vras obtained from about a doxen honses
In this city, each of vrhich. paid from L500 to $2,000 a month, for police
These houses were expensively furnished. Only the proprietor and a
few servants lived in them. Callers were shown n list of names of girls
who It i believed -were called upon to come to the house when wanted.
Opposite the names of these girls were their ares which ranged anywhere
from 15 to IS years.
The results of the Investigation probably Trill produce a sensation.
Churchmen on List.
Police Commissioner Waldo has made
public a list of places raided by the
police as gambling resorts during the
last year and the names of owners of
the property on which the resorts were
conducted. Among the names men
tioned are those of many prominent in i
the financial, religious and social life j
of the city.
Nearly 400 places are mentioned In
the gambling list. The summoning of
many owners as witnesses at the John
Doe proceedings is understood to be
part of the plan of the district attor
ney to determine the responsibility of
the owners in allowing their property
to be rented for gambling purposes,
which ls a misdemeanor.
Among the names of the owners is
that of Sailors' Snug Harbor, a wealthy
charitable Institution on Staten Island;
the Lorillard estate, that of the Loril
lard family of millionaire tobacco man
ufacturers, and J. Edgar Leaycraft and
Tgar C Leaycraft, both prominent in
Methodist church and missionary work.
The William Astor estate appears in
Mexico Cabinet Shows Dis
appointment that Rebels
Have Invaded Coast.
MAYTORENA URGED TO
PUT DOWN REVOLT
Mexico City, Mexico, Aug. 28. Jose
Maria Maytorena, governor of the state
of Sonora, is authorized by the central
government to use all means at his dis
posal to crush the revolution, in his
In yesterday's cabinet meeting no
attempt was made to disguise the dis
appointment of the government that
the revolutionary forces had been able
to invade the Pacific coast states.
Reports from the south are more en
REBEL SURGEON TO
RETURN TO NEW YORK
Dr. James L. Wilson Had
Served Through Two
Dr. James L. "Wilson, who has served
the Mexican rebels in two rebellions as
chief of their medical corps, has left
Juarez with the arrival of the federals
and will go to New York. He did not
leave Juarez, however, until " several
days after the federals arrived, remain
ing to look after the rebel -wounded'.
who were still In the city, but he be
gan to hear what might happen on
account of his connection with the
rebels, and on Tuesday he quietly left
the town, and Is now preparing to re
turn to his home in Xew York.
Dr. "Wilson joined the Madero revo
lution during the first few weeks of Its
beginning and remained through to the
finish, taking care of Madero's wound
ed soldiers In Juarez for months after
the revolution was ended. "With the
opening up of the Orozco revolt, he
again -went into the field and remained
through the campaign, attending the
sick and wounded of the army.
REBELS DELAY WORK
OF REPAIRING TRACK
Federals Are Now Guarding
Work Train on the
Rebels, operating only about 100
miles south of Juarez, are preventing
the repair of the Mexico .North West
em '-railway Tn which they burned
bridges yesterday. A force of unknown
strength has held up a railway work
train moving from the south. Another
work train which left Juarez is guard
ed by 360 federals with artillery. "Word
has been received in Juarez that a work
train sent from the south to repair
the damage was turned back by rebels
during Tuesday near San Pedro. No
report has been received as to the
number of rebels operating In the sec
tion. The destruction of railway
bridges Is an ordinary occurrence, but
the attempt of rebels to prevent their
repair is looked upon as significant.
STEEVER HAS ASKED
' FOR PACK MULES
Gen. E. Z. Steever has asked for pack
mules to handle supplies for the troops
now stationed far from the railroads.
He said this afternoon that he had
not yet received a telegram from Gen.
"Wood asking If he needed reinforce
ments. "I don't think I do at the
present time," said the general, "but
you can never tell when they might be
TOWN OF ZACULPEM
Toluca, Mexico, Aug. 28. News has
reached here that Zaculpem, a mining
town, had been attacked on Sunday by
a band of rebels which was repulsed
after a few hours fighting. Today a
larger band returned and renewed the
attack. As the telegraph and telephone
mires are out of commission, the out
come of the assault cannot be learned.
Manv mills owned bv American and
other foreign companies are situated In
commissioner Waldo's list as the own
er of two alleged gambling houses on
West Forty-third street, which were
raided in August and September of
Congressman Owned Property.
The name of congressman Jefferson
N. Levy, of New York, is recorded as
the owner of a gambling resort known
! as the New England Dramatic and
Pleasure club, four times raided. Mr.
Levy in a statement said that as soon
as he received notice of the character
of his tenants he immediately began
dispossession proceedings, but was un
able to get rid of them.
"The matter became such an annoy
ance to m? that in April last I sold
the property for less than Its value to
Felix Isman, who immediately con
veyed it to William F. Funk, of Phil
adelphia," Mr. Levy said.
The other owners named are L. Na
poleon Levy, a brother of congressman
Levy; the Clarence Pell estate, the
United States Trust company, a dozen
prominent real estate concerns and a
score of women.
War Department Is Ready
Washington, D. C, August 28. Gen. Walter S. Schuyler, commanding the department of California,
was directed today by Gen. Wood to proceed immediately to the southern boundary of his department and take
personal charge of the disposition of the troops there.
Increased activity of rebel bands on the border as the result of the breaking up of the main army of
Orozco is creating a grave situation on the American side of the line, it is said. Gen. Wodd, chief of staff, today
wired Gen. Steever, at Fort Bliss, Texas, asking whether he wished further reinforcements for the border patrol.
The war department to be ready for further calls for troops, has taken steps to send troops from the Pacific
division within a few hours after the receipt of the request from Gen. Steever.
SAYS RURALES CAN EXTERMINATE REBELS
Veteran Has Seen 40 Years
of Service in the
(BY X. 31. WALKER).
Emlllo Kosterlltzky, colonel com
manding one of the greatest bodies of
fighting men Mexico has ever produced,
is In El Paso on his way to Mexico City.
After 39 years of service in the Mexi
can army. Col.' Kosterlltzky is fleeing
before the first enemy he ever feared.
These are his eyes which have failed
him at a time when he is needed badly
in Sonora to repel the invading rebels.
It is for this that the famous fighting
man of Sonora Is on his way to the
Mexican capital at a time when he Is
the most needed man in Mexico, at the
head of veteran rurales.
"Wants to Rcorsnulze Old Force.
"Vv'h.lle in Mexico City, CoL Koster
HUkj will call on president Madero
and the minister of war and request a
special order for the reorganization of
that famous band of rurales with which
he kept the peace in the interior of So
nora, during the Yaqui wars and the
Cananea riots, when he and his fol
lowers were the law. He has asked for
600 men In this mounted command. Of
these 500 will be his veterans of tho
Yaqui wars, who are willing to follow
him Into the jaws of death if he led
them. With this formidable fighting
force. Col. Kosterlltzky says that he
will rid Sonora of its rebel invaders.
For they are invaders, he says, and
fine people of Sonora have no sympathy
with them. He says that Sonora Is loyal
to the established government and has
been since the Madero revolution This
is proved, ne points out, by the fact yarns, out x wm ieaa my men ouna ai
that civilians are taklnir nn nrms tn ter that fellow.
defend the interior towns against the
invaders when the federal soldiers are
Sonorn Xceds Troops.
This, says Col. Kosterlltzkv. Is tha
great weakness In Sonora at the pres-
ent time. The state needs troops and
munitions of war. "When the Chihuahua
trouble was holding the attention of
the Mexican army, regulars and volun-
teers were sent to that state to fight
the common enemy. The result was
that Sonora Is without adequate pro-
teCtiOn. Loval as thftV nro nnrl rVil
Kosterlltzky is one of the greatest ad-
mlrers of the Mexican common soldier,
he says that these men can do little
against a superior force and until more
troops ana equipment ls sent into the
state it will be hard, uphill fight
He fought the rebels at La Dura and
drove them away from that town. Ar-
riving in the afternoon with a frac
tion or nis old command he struck
terror to their hearts and shot lead
Into their bodies until they were forced
to surrender. He has dnnn th anmA i
ming in otner interior towns and only
regrets that he did not have a force
and a good pair of eyes which would
permit him to stay and protect Magda
lena, his home town, from the ravages
of the rebels. There Col. Kosterlltzky
has his home and there his beautiful
little daughter lives with him. When
he left. Miss Kosterlltzky was sent to
Nogales and now that the colonel is
forced to go to the capital he has had
to leave his home at the mercy of the
"AVnlt Until I Get Back."
"But wait until I get back." he says
behind those clenched teeth. "I will
make those fellows hard to catch. I
am a defender of the established gov
ernment whatever It may be, and I al
ways have been. These men are in
vaders and they will find little sym-
Situation In Mexico Cannot
Be Depicted In Rainbow Hues
Little Encouragement For Era Of Peace
ASHINGTON. D. C, Aug. 28.
The situation that confronts
the Mexican people today is
by no means to be depicted in rain
bow hues. Whether viewed from the
standpoint of the government party,
from that of the revolutionists, or
from that of the outsider, the condi
tions In the country south of the Rio
Grande offer but little encouragement
to those who are hoping for the dawn
of an era of peace and prosperity. The
revolutionists are as bitter against the
Maderlstas as the followers of Madero
were bitter against Diaz. In fact, they
hold a special grudge against Madero.
The assertion is made by them that
Madero came along at the an opportune
time and capitalized the military prow
ess of Orozco, and then, as soon as
that power had put him into office he
turned his back against it.
The 3Indero Revolution.
The revolutionists Insist that the his
tory of the Madero revolution is that
it began as a revolt against the gov
ernment of the state of Chinuahua and
not against that of the nation. They
hold that It was a righteous revolt
against unrighteous conditions, and
that Madero first was a sort of hang
eron and then the leader of the move
ment, eventually directing It against
the national government.
The revolutionists Insist that as soon
as Madero satisfied his ambition to be
president he lost his desire to do those
things which had commanded the sup
port of those who put him Into office.
They charge that now he Is doing the
very things he criticized Diaz for do
ing, and ls doing them In a worse way
than Diaz did them. They asseverate
that If Diaz had his cientlflcos around
him Madero can go him one better with
his nepotlstlc cabinet, which. It ls
charged. It little more than a family
affair. They declare that If Diaz throt-
1L1CU Luc picos VJf micaw, louriu luia
tha faar of God into newspaper men's
Tyoops to the
pathy and much lead when they coma
to Sonora. If I had that brave body of
men with nie that 4 'had In tho Yaonl
wars I wqSfld run' those 't elTdws tO)
nell or eaten them. Ana Rojas bah!
He ls the one l would best like to get,
for he ls the one who will despoil my
house. I cannot see more titan 50
"Sonora ls loyal and peace loving If
"vv'a8 left alone. But these men. who
have been driven out of Chihuahua, are
coming to Bring trouDle. xet tnem
come. TVhen I return they will see
what the real, federal rurale can do
for he is the greatest fighter I have
ver known and with my old men be-
n'nff me I will want nothing more to
complete my career to drive this ln-
vaaing norue irom me siaie.
Forty Years in Service.
Col. - Kosterlltzky ls serving his 40th
war- ef Vile wr-irlnt In tVl VpTlpnn armV.
He started as a private and has made
a record which is the equal of any In
the history of the Mexican republic
Durinir the Maderista revolution he de
fended the established government of
Gen. Diaz. "When Madero became-presl-dent
he retired, after 39 years of serv
ice, and decided to spend the remainder
of his life In the company of his daugh
ter. But at the outbreak of the pres
ent revolution he was recalled to the
service and returned to his post with
thncnma Hach anri nhnnilnTi which char
thsams dash and abandon -which char
acterized his brilliant career against
the TaquI Indians. He wears medals
of honor on the dress uniform which
he seldom dons. These medals are for
splendid service in the Yaqui wars, for
25 and for 30 years of service In the
Mexican army. Son of a Russian Cos
sack captain of the czar's army. Col.
Kosterlltzky is one of the striking fig
ures of the west and he Is known as
one of Its bravest men on both the
American and Mexican side of the
: : : : : : : :
NEWS ON NEXT PAGE
: : l
: : : :
hearts by suppressing the papers and
putting them In Jail. They contend
that If Diaz put robbers Into his ar
mies, Madero throws open the peniten
tiaries to recruit his.
They represent Madero as being for
the division of the vast estates of the
country while he was a revolutionist,
and as for their perpetuation since he
has become president. On the whole
it is a very bad picture they draw of
the present 'president and of the rule
he ls giving his people, a picture that
. 3rP JBi" i - ' ; x2ifc'
I flHs9KMKPHEIir5SB!JsS3iHx -
makes the one Madero drew of DlazTas if the second revolution Is but the
look beatific in comparison.
Madero's View of Revolt.
On the other hand the Madero fac
tionists are unable to see any better
picture of the present revolutionists.
Madero feels that the present revolu
tion ls predicated entirely upon person
al ambitions. He thinks that Orozco
has played him false, has misrepre
sented him, and has led this revolution
to gratify a personal spleen ana to
serve a personal ambition. He admits
that he has formed a cabinet around
him which ls made up largely of his
relatives, but he asserts that It Is nec
essary today to have men who are tried
and true around him. and that his rel
atives have happened to measure up
to this need better than outsiders. He
hopes that the charge of nepotism will
not always He against him.
He concedes that he has not yet di
vided up the lands of the government
and of the rich among the people, but
he says that this must come slowly
and by an evolutionary process. He
says It will take time ana patience to
solve that problem, and probably It
will also take more money than the
government has with which to do it.
He acknowledges that he has had
to put some men In Jail and suspend
some newspapers, but he says that tne
Inflamed condition of the public mind
makes it necessary to do something to
head off further trouble. He also as
serts that when a cause cannot muster I
KILLED AT PACHECO
Nothing Is Heard of Refu
gees Prom the So
A' message to James Martenson, of
Juarez, Tuesday evening announced tho
killing of William Joshua Stevens, a
Mormon resident of Colonia Pachecoj.
Monday. The details of 'the killing were
not given In the message other than
that it was done by an American.
Martenson was notified In order that he
might send a message to Stevens's
brother, David Stevens, who lives eight
miles from Juarez, notifying him of nls
brother's death. As the telegraph line
ls down below Guzman, no further de
tails of the killing have been received
at the Mormon headquarters here.
"W,hen the exodus of Mormons started
from the Mormon colonies In Chihua
hua, Stevens remained at Colonia
Pacheco with his family. Although the
message Which was received by Mar
tenson was dated Pearson, it is believed
that the killing occurred at the Stevens
ranch near Pacheco.
Nothing further has been heard of
the refugees from the Sonora colonies.
It Is believed by the Mormon officials
here that the colonists In Sonora have
decided to remain until forced to leave
and that they will stay and guard their
property as long as possible.
A man giving the name of Henson,
of Palestine, Texas, called at the Mor
mon headquarters "Wednesday to Inquire
for J. S. "Wilson and Charles Summer,
who were refugees from Sonora, but
were not members of the Mormon
church. He also reported that "W. S.
Clark, another refugee, was found 'by
him in Benson. Ariz., in a destitute con
dition. WILL ASK MEXICO
"Washington, D. C, Aug. 28. The
state department Is preparing to make
representations to the Mexican govern
ment to bring about a new trial for W.
C. Nichols, an American convicted of
murder at Tamplco. Nichols -was sen
tenced to eight years' imprisonment for
killing a man. responsibility for which
death ls said to have been confessed by
The department has taken up the
matter at the instance of American con
sul Miller at Tamplco, -who reported
that the trial of Nichols was In viola
tion of all the rules of Mexican law.
The Mexican alleged to have committed
the murder, whose name is unknown at
the state department, is declared to
have admitted the crime. The state
department's Information regarding the
trial -was that evidence In the accused
American's favor, apparently was- dis
regarded. REPORT BATTLE
Mexican consul E. C. Llorente had
curred at Cuchillo Parado, 30 miles : pied by the non-combatants and that
south of OJinaga between federal troops , an American collector of customs named
under Col Jose de la Cruz Sanches and : Ham and several other American nar
rebels thought by the consul to be un- roWlv escaped injury from bursting
SV. . !! r i
and not west of Juarez, and that
Jose Orozco Is with him.
SAN YGNACIO MAX HELD
ON NEUTRALITY CHARGE
Charged with violation of the neu
trality laws, Nemeclo Padilla, a prom
inent resident of San Ygnaclo, was ar
rested Tuesday by Capt. H. R. Hllle
brand. deputy United States marshal. It
ls alleged, on evidence which was fur
nished by Abram Molina of the Mex
ican secret service, that Padilla ex
ported 10,000 rounds of rifle ammunition
to Mexico near Polvo, Tex. His bond
was fixed at $750 and be will be given
a preliminary hearing Thursday.
By Frederic J. Haskin
sufficient strength to keep an army
ln the field, and after nearly a year of
fighting is forced to take to the moun
tains and break up Into broken and Ir
responsible bands of guerrillas there Is
good evidence of the lack of justice In
its cause and of the necessity of put
ting it down.
View of the Outsider.
Between these two views there Is
plenty of room for middle ground and
perhaps there may be some truth on
both sides. To theoutslder It looks
harvest of the seed sown bv the first.
and that the temper of the people Is
such as to lead to no hope of early
peace. To begin with, there ls always
that big fact In the "Mexican situation
that seven-eighths of the people live In
absolute Ignorance and have no means
of knowing what really ls best for
their country, and very little to gain
whatever the outcome.
All they get in life Is the privilege
of eking out a bare existence at a
starvation wage, and such a small thing
as a perennial revolution of the pro-
Eortlons of that in Mexico does not
elp or hinder them a great deal. T-hey
have no farms, they possess no habi
tation but a hovel, a corrugated iron
shack, or a thatched hut. So a revolu
tion does not hurt them much.
Two Crop Failures.
With the other eighth It Is differ
ent. They have property ranches,
mines, big farms, stores, manufactur
ing establishments, through which for
generations past they have capital
ized the sweat of the peon's brow and
have grown rich off his labor. The
revolution does hurt thent. It hurts
them first because It takes away their
labor: there have been two crop fail
ures because there were neither hands
for seedtime nor hands for harvest;
and a third reason for planting has
passed with none to do It In a large
(Continued on Page 6.)
IHBBI 9g 3 .flHIL fl .LI I LRIII
bUflUIIIUlID Ml OflIU
Two Americans Are Declared to Have Been Deliberate
ly Murdered, After Being Left Helpless Following
a Massacre at Leon Infantry From Panama to
Be Landed in Nicaragua Within 48 Hours.
Washington, D. O, Aug. 28. The war
department today issued orders to the
10th United States infantry, at Panama,
to proceed immediately to Nicaraffua.
The orders came direct from president
Taft himself at Bexerly. The men
will embark tomorrow on merchant
steamers and will arrive at Corinto with
in 48 hours.
Large Force Is Necessary.
On reports of conditions said to be
so serious as to justify their being kept
secret in "Washington, president Taft
personally directed the immediate move
ment ot the 10th United States miantry,
now on the Panama canal zone, to Nica
ragua to guard American lives and prop
erty. Dispatches of last night and early
today pictured the situation as being
so acute that an immediate movement ot
a large force of troops was necessary.
Conditions Border on Barbarism.
Allegations of conditions bordering on
barbarism and acts even worse than
those which took the troops of the
united powers into China to quell the
Boxer rebellion have been reecived at
the state department within the last 20
hours. The deliberate murder of two
Americans, Dodd and Philips, after they
had been wounded and were helpless fol
lowing the massacre at Leon on August
19. focused attention on the previous
reports of burning of soldiers, starvation
of political prisoners held in dungebns
and other alleged acts of cruelty.
The latest reports made plain that
immediate protection for Americans was
necessary and that it probably would not
be safe to wait for the arrival of ma
rines now en route.
Rebels Deny Barbarity.
Gen. Francisco Altscbulj the represen
tative of the revolutionist junta, in
Washington, denies the charge of bar
barity brought against the troops fight
ing the Nicaraguan government. He al
leged that the burning of bodies of sol
diers was necessary .to proper sanitation
and that it applied alike to dead of both
sides. He contended also that American.
forces to prevent the capture and opera
tion by the revolutionists of the railway
between Managua and Corinto.
The junta asserts that the railroad is
a national institution and should not
..' . ... .. . .. .
be classed as an American property, ex
cept as it is being administered to secure
a loan by Xew York bankers.
Reports that women were shot are
condemned emphatically by Gen. Alt
schul, who says that the barbarous
methods were employed by the govern
ment forces when women were sent to
the lines as ammunition carriers.
Fire on Flags of Truce.
Rebel firing upon flag3 or truce, born
by loyal Nicaraguan troops as well as
American marines, is said, however. to
have been frequent within the last few
davs. Xew attacks upon women and
children and other non-combatants are
reported. In the rebel shelling of Mana
gua during the first days of the revolu
tion, American minister Weitzel report
, . . -
ed that the firing had been indiscrimi
nate upon the section of the city oecu-
Nicaragua Approves Hove.
The United States is assured that the
landing of troops has the approval of
the Diaz government. Following a fur
ther demand by minister Weitzel. that
Americans and their property must be
protected, the Nicaraguan government is
understood to have confessed its inabil
ity to meet the situation and to have
consented frankh- to permit the landing
of American troops to protect United
The state department has proceeded
upon the conviction that its action in
volves no infringement of the war-mak
ing powers of congress or the president.
Officials point to the fact that there
is even now a whole regiment of United
States infantry engaged in policing the
Chinese railroad from Chin Wang Pao
to Pekin. And, of course. American
troops have been freely employed in the
maintenance of peace in Cuba. It is
true that in each of the cases there vas
special warrant by treaty for the em
ployment of American soldiers, but state
department officials feel that a like
obligation has been imposed upon the
United States bv the Dawson agreement
which terminated the Zelava rebellion.
"Does Not Mean War."
Aside from anv question of treaty
authorization, the administration is. said
to be satisfied of its rights tinder the
principles of international Irw to em
ploy any part of the 'army and navy of
the United States for the protection of
American interests, life and property in
a foreign country where the uetacto gov
ernment is either unable or unwilling
to extend protection.
Officals contend that such landing ot
American symed forces does not con
stitute war in any sense, there be
ing no purpose of territorial aggres
sion, punitive purposes, or permanent
It is deolared that while there are
few precedents for employing regu
lar troops In landing expeditions, that
fact Is accounted for bylthe far greater
mobility and availability of marines
Although the course of the United
States in landing military forces on
foreign soil without express approval
of congress ls now -under investigation
by a special senate committee, named
at the Instigation of senator Bacon,
who has vigorously opposed sending
troops outside the United States, the
state department takes the position
that it Is supported not only by pre
cedent In China and Central America,
but also is bound by the socalled
Washington convention to protect
rights and property of foreigners and
further see that the administration
in Nicaragua is changed only by a
fair and free expression by a ballot.
The same attitude was recently as
sumed in Panama when this govern
ment supervised the election
"Must Protect Property."
Furthermore, It is said, there aro
fully 100 Americans owning planta
tions in Nicaragua who must be pro
tected from attack and looting of
their properties. Many demands that
this government protect American In
terests have been registered at the
A large number of New Orleans
merchants, having Central American
interests, only a few days ago went
so far as to protest to the department
against the attitude of senator Bacon.
They declared American prestige in
Central America would suffer lm
measureably if this government failed
to protect its citizens and property.
They even predicted the spread of the
unrest throughout other Central Amer
ican states if the situation was not
promptly taken' In hand.
American Financial Interests.
Senator Bacon virtually charged on
the floor of the senate, that this gov
ernment interference In Nicaragua
had a conection with the failure of
the loan convention by which Nlca-
f'ragua -was to have borrowed several
millions from American bankers and
under whlc!n treaty the Nicaraguan
railroads, steamships, customs house
and national monopolies were to be
admitted by representatives of the
The Diaz government, against which.
the political revolution is being di
rected, is said to have approved the
atitude of the state department in re
gard to the loan convention. It has
been reported that Zelaya, the dictator
deposed and exiled to Europe in 1903.
after the murder of the two Ameri
cans, Cannon and Groce, was behind.
Gen. Mena, leader of the revolutionists.
This, however, is denied by the prom
inent Liberals who support the revo
lution. MCUUGOAX REBELS OPES
JtTSTA IN "WASHINGTOV
"Washington, D. C. Vug. 28. The
appearance in Washington of an active
Nicaraguan Junta, working in the in
terest of the Liberal party, and laving
plans for bringing pressure "to bear
upon the state department to cause a
change of policy in the handling of the
NIcaraguan-jfevolutionary problem, has;
velopment of the situation in the Cen
tral American' republlc.
The envoys in Washington from the
Liberal party are Francisco Altschul.
wno was nicaraguan consul-general in
x- , T.T . -. "
xtrb irir.2inrc innnr rn 'aiv.o i4..f..
J ! j k . riirrT a
I ... v.vu. iuiu uas iiil:; rif.sinf I rnpro
and Angel Ugarte. one time Honduran
minister to Washington. bit afte-ward
one of the Liberal leaders ji Nicaragua
They are seeking to r- ich the state
department with a prop ml that the
American naval force tl ere be dlmm
ished to a mere legation guard and that
the American minister demand that all
factions, including the government.
submit to the will of the people the
question of political supremacy,
through a free and fair election
GREAT BRITAIN MAY
APPEAL TO THE HAGUE
Diplomatic Tote Reaffirms
Protest Against the
Washington. D. C, Aug. 2S. Great
Britain has reaffirmed its protest
against the Panama canal bill. In a
note filed today with the state depart
ment by A. Mitchell Innes. charge ot
the British embassy here, it was stated
that if a satisfactory agreement could
not be reached Great Britain would
appeal to The Hague tribunal for arbi
tration. The note submitted today says Great
Britain will give careful consideration
to both the bill and the message presi
dent Tatf sent to congress relating to
discrimination in favor of American
i coast-wise shipping In the canaL If.
aiter aue consideration, it Is found that
no satisfactory agreement can be
reached in the matter Great Britain
declares that It will be necessary to
appeal to arbitration.
MRS. ORNER JURY
UNASLE TO AGREE
Second Hearing of El Paso
Woman Results in
Marfa. Tex, Aug. 38. Mrs. Agnes
Orner will have to undergo another
trial, thp jury sitting in the case
here being unable to agree. The jury
was discharged last nUht It ls un
likely that the next trial will take
place in Marfa.
Mr?. Orner was charged with the
murder by poisoning, of her 11 ear
old daughter, Lilly, in Bl Paso, "and
at a previous trial In El Paso had been
convicted and sentenced to life im
prisonment. The court of civil appeals
granted a new trial and a change of
venue was obtained to Marfa.
The jury Is said to have stood ten
for conviction and two for acquittal
BEIRUT IN FEAR
Fleet of Italian "War Ves
sels Anchors Off the
Beirut, Syria, Aug. 2S. A squadron
of Italian warships comprising six
vessels, anchored off this port this
morning. Their object is unknown
The city is well patrolled by the
Turkish garrison and all is quiet.
The war vessels had previously recon
noltered the port of Jaff.a in Palestine,
and also the Syrian seaports of Haifa,
and Acre, but had not attempted a
landing nor fired anj shots
The populations of .he coast twons,
however, show signs of nervous ten
sion, fearing a repetition of the bom
bardment of last Februarv. when 60
non-combatants wre killed and many
wounded In the streets of Beirut by the
Italian fire At that time a numb" if
old Turkish gunboats as well as
cruisers, and a torpedo boat were sunlj
while lying at anchor in the port.
xml | txt