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THIRTY-SECOND YEAR OF PUBLICATION
Superior exclusive features and con plete news report by Associated Press Leased Wire and 200 Special Correspondents cove ins Arizona. New Mexico, west Texas. Mexico. "Wash- PubHshedy'Hr'ardNeCo.f'lnc: H. D. Slater (owner of 55 percent) President; J. C Wilmarth fnwner o- 20 percent) Manager: the remaining 25 percent Is owned monB iV.k, C J? ihn are as follows- H. L. CapelU H. B. Stevens. J. A. Smith. . J. MundykwI?eersS Davis "h " Tra. Vciennon estate. Y. F. Payne. R. C. Canby. G. A. Martin! Felix Martinez. A. L. Sharpe. and John P. Ramsey. J AN INDEPENDENT DAILY NEWSPAPER ERALD djjL DEDICATED TO THE SERVICE OF THE PEOPLE, THAT NO GOOD CAUSE SHALL LACK A CHAMPION, AND THAT EVIL SHALL NOT THRIVE UNOPPOSED. H. D. Slater, Editor-in-Chief and controlling owner has directed The Herald for 14 Years; G. A. Martin is News Editor. Editorial and Magazine Page Friday.'August Thirtieth, 1912. Misplaced .. : iu: J..l -J : AjnUSl CLU1UU& IU1U& UCtClUCU 111 UiC iUdll uuuu cictuuu iu fc"u shown by the detailed returns. In the city, which pays four-fifths of the county taxes, the bonds were generally favored and received a large plurality of votes cast. But in tie valley, and the eastern part of the county, where the people pay but a minute proportion of the total county tax, and where the railroads constitute the. principal objects of taxation, the bonds received so large an adverse vote as to defeat the issue. . . Will somebody explain this queer fact? Why should the taxpayers in the valley, or in the far eastern part of the county, object so strenuously to a measure which, though costing them practically nothing, would result in joining up the : out lying sections more closely to El Paso and to their more immediate neighbors? It looks like an organized effort to defeat the bonds. And yet, there was no such ,. ,wnt in thp ritT7 Tirprinrt vahpre results of even moderate work would have had more certain effect owing to the -. . . .- . to work with, it is barely possible that tne rauroaos mu m"' m A. , outlying precincts to defeat the bonds, inasmuch as they are among the largest contributors to am- aond issue; but the railroads ir. this vicinity have not been in the habit, at least recently, of interfering with loca; affairs in such a way. One suggestion that has been made is that some of the county commissioners themselves were strongly opposed to the bonds, and took advantage of the com paratively small public interest to work up adverse sentiment ln the valley and down the county and poll a heavy vote against them. All things considered, this looks like the most plausible explanation. Some of the commissioners have not hesitated to state openly that they thought the bond issue premature and unneces sary It may be that they undertook to defeat the issue through regular means at the polls, by the simple expedient of getting a few people to vote against them to offset the few taxpayers that ever concern themselves to vote in favor of such sl measure. In the absence of any other explanation as plausible, it looks as if the people down the county and the El Paso owners of lands down that way, who have been most active in demanding the road extension, will have to look to some members of the commissioners' court and their friends as tie probable agents of defeat of the bonds. Some organized work was undoubtedly done against the bonds in valley precincts, and political officers were naturally in better position to direct the opposition than private citizens would be. Nevertheless, tie election furnishes a unique instance of the city voting to assume four-fifths of the special tax burden for something that would be of no Airrt hpnpfit to the citv. but that the special beneficiaries, who would contribute almost nothing to the cost of carrying the of city taxpayers in the matter was almost entirely pnuauuiiopic in us uroau minded consideration for the needs and future development of outlying districts. But the matter is sidetracked now, and it will be a mighty hard proposition to work up any interest whatever in a similar movement in the near future. Certainly the El Paso city taxpayers, have not tie slightest disposition to force upon tie valley people or tie eastern part of tie county anything they do not want especially when the city taxpayers foot the bills. Were Gen. Huerta's promotion and the champagne banquets that followed, too much for him? He has been keeping mighty quiet lately. o The Proposed Jl RATIONAL sequel to the pure food act is the proposed "pure-cloth" law J2& that has been introduced in tie house of representatives. The intent of " the proposed law is to protect the consumer against wilfully concealed adulterations of doth and wearing apparel. It is suggested that while people will t TiViit hniriTKr adiiltpratpfl cloth because it is cheat), thev ousht to know what they are ouying, and the labels or descriptions of the goods should be truthful and !- their honestv made a matter oi regulation be subject to confiscation if tie bill becomes a law. It is said that women buy 85 percent of tie cloth sold in this country, and that tie average family spends more than one-seventh of its total living cost upon fabrics. The movement to protect the buyer of cloth originated in women's clubs. Careful analysis of the cloth sold in the average store has shown that a very large proportion is adulterated. An honest merchant will tell a customer whether a piece of goods is real or imitation, and the merchant's guarantee is generally withheld from fabrics known by the merchant to be adulterated. But such is the strength of the demand, especially by women, for "bargains," that thu manufacture of imitation goods of alleged silk or wool tremendous porportions, and the proportion is all tie fame becoming greater. Silk is often adulterated with salts tiTPaa: :n that tionr onalitv silk dress or rot and fall to pieces even in disuse. When silk wears into "pinholes" it is; 1 probably adulterated with metallic salts. Cheap silk stockings are adulterated -with woodpulp, otherwise paper, and no wonder they melt when wet Artificial j silk does not stand moisture. Silk is worth $4.50 per pound, but ribbons that go ! under the name of silk are sometimes two-thirds tin by weight There is plenty of pure silk goods available in reputable stores, if the market price for silk be paid. ; But many shoppers do not care to pay for pure silk, and demand tne appearance of silk. That is exactly what they buy: the appearance, and little else. "Mercerized" cotton, or cotton treated with caustic potash to give luster and crackle, enters into many "silk" goods. Ramie fiber is also much used. Pure silk ( burns with almost no ash, but silk adulterated with metallic salts leaves a con- j siderable residue. Adulterated silk is harder in feeling than pure silk, and is more transparent when held up to the light Cheap "bargain" linen is generally adulterated with cotton, mercerized cotton, or : other fiber; and "linen" fabrics are often only half linen, being made of linen thread ' running in one direction and cotton in the other. Some housewives test linen hy . the "coolness" to the touch, but manufacturers have learned how to imitate the J coolness by impregnating cotton with mineral salts. There are various easy tests ! for pure linen. Linen thread is full of little lumps, while cotton thread is smooth, j The burned ash of cotton is black, while linen ash is gray. Linen soaked in glycerin i passes the light freely, while cotton soaked in glycerin is opaque to light. In the I laboratory, dyes are used that affect only one constituent and not the other, thus ! showing in a sample the actual proportion of adulteration. ; Wool is adulterated in many ways. The socalled "flannelette" has no wool at all, but is all cotton. Some socalled "all-wool" fabrics are made by blowing waste i wool fiber with air blasts against a mesh of cotton thread, and the resulting fabric though resembling woven wool has no wearing quality at all. Some blankets offered as all wool contain not over one-tenth wooL Some "worsted" yarn for i making "wool" fabrics is only cotton thread encased in wool fiber. An easy test J for wool and cotton'admixture is the caustic potash test Wool dissolves entirely in caustic potash, while cotton remains unchanged. Leather, being sold by the pound, is "loaded" with glucose and Epsom salts. Paper and wood pulp are widely used as substitutes for leather. For cheap shoes, leather scraps are ground up with paper pulp and pressed or molded, after being treated with imitation rubber and with oil or glycerin to soften the product and make it somewhat waterproof. All cheap leather goods are made of very thin slices of leather stamped and colored to imitate the hides of various anmials, such as "pigskin" with the bristle holes carefully reproduced, and "alligator skin" with the scales all there. Honest stuff is always to be had for reasonable prices, but it is only the well todo that can afford the highest class goods, and those in moderate circumstances, or the poor, are deceived into thinking they are getting honest goods of sound wearing quality when in fact they are buying clever frauds. It would not be hard to set standards for government tests, and compel all makers of fabrics to state on the label the composition of the goods they sell, with the percentage and kind of adulteration if any. At present there is no penalty for any amount of mis branding or cheating of this sort The proposed law is one more step toward the highly centralized, almost paternal, national government; but it has so much reason behind it that it is not at all impossible that such a measure will be enacted before many years. One-Sentence JOURNAL BXTK1ES. (Topeka Journal.) Too many couples leave their love making at the marriage altar. The more improbable the story the more interesting it usually 'is. The less money a man has the aulcker he seems to be to get It into clrcula- tion. ; Much of the worry is as useless as It ' Is annoying. i .Last years straw nat looks as good as a new one after dark. Many of the writers of advertise ments are experts in the fiction line. Xelther are the best doughnuts al ways thoSe with the biggest holes. REFLECTIONS OP A BACHELOR. (Iew York Press.) I "When a man can fool a girl. It's be- ! cause she wants him to. What a girl doesn't know she can tell j a good deal straighter than what -she J does. i Girls would know more about go- ography If they could hemstitch the boundary lines. A man heavily In debt has lots of people congratulating themselves on his being in good health. i DiDlnmacv is treatinsr anothpr man's ' assurancps as if you bot didn't know j that both of you were lying. Philanthropy l a l a .1 i.: J- this COUntV. aS larger population and abundant material , .. - a a:J .nnA nmar xrrn-rlr m rno bonds, strongly opposed. The interest Pure - Cloth Act Dy law. oiulu mai is uusmauueu wnv or linen, or even leather, has assumed j of such adulterated goods in the market of tin, to increase the weight and size of sroeds or silk ribbons crack when lolded. Philosophy POINTED PARAGRAPHS. (Chicago News.) Helpmates and soulmates are not al- , ways synonymous. j He who hesitates is lost especially wnen ne is luunu out. The trerm of susnicion ls often fatal .' to the microbe of love. Some men find it cheaper' to stay j married than to pay alimony. Love may find the way but It isn't always able to pay the freight After they reach the age of 40, women laugh only when they feel like it A political reformer is a politician who doesn't stand In with the gang. GLOBE SIGHTS. (Atchison Globe.) Ridicule is-the most effective weanon to make ap antrrv man mnrp. sn Sometimes a man has to wait quite a while to be convinced that the Right Will Prevail. A political job is frequently a sine- cure, but getting it represents a lot-of real work, and unpleasant' A man has very little use for a fan that doesn't run by electricity or the tabulated score from the big leagues. Most of our educational system, how- j oirer ic snnprini. tn that trlnqnaH f-nw, i the socalled comic supplements children ' study on Sunday. 1 UNCLE WALT'S DENATURED POEM So Much Noise By Walt Mason. . ........ , , J USX contemplate that Daia-iaeeii nen; she struts anu cue."- r--endless brag and bounce; you'd think, the way she whoops around her egg should weigh a hundred pound, whereas it "weighs an ounce. Oh why should any jim crow fowl stand round for hours and clack ana noi " laid an egg? For eggs are trifling things, by heck! In summertime it takes a peck to bring a lonely meg. The bald-faced ien keeps up her gait; the rooster gets his voice on straight and does some yelling too; and all the other hens join in and help to swell the frightful din, the jarring howdvdo! And all this noise that shakes the earth about an egg that's mavbe worth a fraction of a dime! Could anything be more absurd than is the fool "domestic bird which cackles all the time . And yet perhaps the cackling hen is not more trifling than the men who for an office run, who daily raise a tiresome noise describing fully to the boys the wondrous things they've done. They'd have us think thev saved the state from some un seemly, awful fate; they save it would again; but all the boasts you analyze, are on a level with the cries of that old bald-faced hen. . THE UNEXPECTED GUEST (By E. Kverett Green. THE door opened very slowly, and very slowly she advanced into the room. I lay back in my deep aim -chair beside the fire and gazed at her. thinking: it a dream. I had a touch of my old enemy the malarial fever, which never quite sets out of the blood, they say. It was a slender girlish flgue, ex quisitely proportioned, clad all in diaphanous white -trailing garments; a face of extraordinary loveliness. "What shall I do? What shall 1 do? Oh, mother, why did you not live a llt- 10ew1l.nger? There ls no one t0 help me Instantly I understood the situation. She had mistaken the door of her room; in this giant residential hotel such a mistake was easily made. I could not j lemain longer hidden; neither drd I In . tend to let her escape until r knew i something of the hidden terror that beset her. I was not exactly an old fogey yet; but I was .35, and had trav eled the world over, which makes for a feeling of age and experience and my visitor could scarcely be more than 20 . "Will you let me help you if I can?" The girl started.- "I beg your pardon; I see I have made a mistake. Pray pray forgive n?e!" She stooped as though to pick up her cloak, and I turned up the flame of the reading lamp. "Do not let us call It a mistake; let us regard it as an act of Providence." She was trembling now; her wide, wistful gaze was fixed upon my face, as though she would read my very soul. lou are ln trouble, I said; "let me I e helped othe people. corners before this, wnat is the use of talking about our common brother hood If we may not claim the right to help one another!" She sank down into a chair. In truth. I doubt if her limbs would have up held her longer. She gave a half fear ful look round her. I went to the door and locked It: I brought the key and laid it on her lap. "No one will interrupt us now. Will jou not tell me your trouble. I am al most old enough to be your father if that makes- things easier " For the first time I saw a little quiver the ghost of & smile play rcund the corners of her lips. "You don't remember me. Sir Jim but I remembtr you! I knew jou the moment you began to speak!" Sir Jim! Who was it that had called me so? In a flash of memory it all came back that ill served, ill navigated ves sel, on which ten years ago I had made the voyage to Lisbon; the sweet little maid who ran aoout alter me, wnen nil tha nthor nasapnffprs wprp spa fiick. 1 Y I1...3 .1... ......nlnc-inn nf Y.A t.ln ! -hp collision the confusion, the peril, The child I had made my charge No , J lives had been lost, but there had been ! some ugly work, and the little one had ' llnnn ill rrtrtTT PY1 1 J4 r V npHl Of ItPlIlST t trampled to death." I remembered well! i Iiow she had clung to me silent, white ' trembling; but had uttered no outcry had given no trouble. A light little bur ' den, she had sat on my knees all those ' hours In the boat in the cold of the dawn: and I had told her stories in muffled whispers. Often I had wondered what had be I come of the dainty little maiden, whose ' name I had not known: for I had called her my Ladv Seagull, as she had called I me Sir Jim. because somebody had H. r.rariciiiir rjv HE labor unions have scored a victory in the adoption of the j ' T. . , triKllL UUUI 1AH 1 ! nun. v.v..- , 1 for the federal government This step ! ! is the more significant because It i marks an advance upon an eight hour i law morp rpstrirtpd In its annlication u i.-i i V v. -w. .7-0 l that had already been for some years in force, and thus shows the direc tion in which things are moving. Added to this is the fact that, out side of federal action and 'in various parts of the country there are scat tered evidences of a tendency to re duce the number of working hours. This is the case in at least eight dif ferent states, -where laws of similar import have been enacted bearing upon work done for the state, or. in some cases, upon work done under private enterprise. It is not difficult, therefore, to foresee what will eventually be the general outcome. There is enough to show that in course of time noth ing over eight hours will be consid ered the legitimate term of dally toll. This situation suggests three ques tions, as follows: What effect will the reduction of hours have up on wages? What effect will it have upon the cost of production, manufacturers or otherwise? What effect will it have on the workers themselves? This third Question Is the most oirious of 'he. thrf, and is one that deserves to be considered carefully by the men to whom there thus accrues ! a larger liberty of life. The Extra Hourn. By the arrangement contemplated the day of 24 hours may be said to be divided into three equal portions, of which one portion will be devoted to labor, a second to sleep. Now what is going o be done with the inter vening third section? What use is the laboring man going to make of the eight hours during which he is neither working nor sleeping? We know that both at home and abroad the day following a holiday ls the one in which the largest number of cases are brought into the criminal court in exemplification of the prov erb that an idle head is the devil's workshop. Which is equivalent to saying that doing nothing in particu lar that is good means doing every thing In general that is bad. A boat that is being failed toward no par ticular port is apt to be captured by the winds or driven upon the rocks. AVhat then, we repeat, are working people going to do with thpir eight fn jn free murs' Thev will use them either a way to improve their condition or j . .. i me-iTi the ripn with The Herald's Daily Short Story told her that one day I should be Sir James Everard. As all these memories come back in a great wave I felt cer tainly that here was the acting of a beneficent providence. I stepped for ward and took her hands in mine, and she looked up trustingly into my face. "You can tell me all about it, can you not? For we are friends already! Then out it all came the pitiful tale all too common in this world of greed and sin. Her father had dissipated his fortune; all his life he had been a roll ing stone, always full of some new scheme for rehabilitating his dwindling fortunes; always foredoomed to fail ure through lack of capacity or perse verance. His last asset was his daugh ter's beautv. Of that the girl would not speak; but I saw a look in her hunted eyes that went to my heart A year ago her mother had died. .Now there was no one to stand between her and her father's designs. He had fallen under the sway of one of these south African millionaires; when she spoke the name I knew it well too well. He borrowed money of this man again and again. He had speculated at first successfully; then all had been lost. He was deep in debt. There was only one way out of the trouble. Eleanor must marry this creditor of his and to marry a millionaire seemed to the father a thing which the heart of any girl must rejoice at. Not one word would he hear anger rapidly succeed ed to jesting. And Eleanor was not jet 2L Her father was pushing her towards the edge of the chasm. It seemed to her that there was no way of escape; girls are sacrificed like this to the greed or ambition of their par ents every year. "Shall I see your father for you? I know something of the past of this man." "It would be no use." she answered Eadlv. "Father knows, too!" My blood suddenly boiled within me; but she, looking Into the fire, was say ing softly: . "If only it were not wicked to kill oneself; that would be so mucii easier. Sometimes I almost wonder " I could stand it no longer. I came and stood over her. Again as a short time since, I got possession of her hands. -I had 'always been wont to make up my mind quickly; but this most momentous decision had to be made in the twinkling of an eye. "Marry me instead, Eleanor: then I can protect you. Do you remember what you told me in the boat before we parted? "When I am a woman I will marry you. Sir Jim." Well. I hold you to that word tonight. Marry me!" . She had risen to her feet; her lovely face was quivering: in her eyes there was a light that seemed to illumine all my soul. "Ah. ou are good! You are gqpd! How T Ibvr vou for it! You would &ac- riffPP H all your future for me; dui t can t-I cant. It would be doing evil that good might come. "Doing evi--loves you?" -to marry the man who For it vs true; I swear it was. I bad loved the child now I loved the maiden intb whom she had grown. "Yes, Eleanor believe it or not as ;ou will: I love you. Perhaps, without knowing it. I have been waiting for .ny little child sweetheart." A mist of tears stood in her sweet eyes. Her lips were quivering, and I bent and kissed them. Then I caught the wispered words she had held back till then: "I knew that I should never care for anybody except Sir Jim!" On the Labor Unions' Vic tory in the Adoption of the 1 teEight Hour Law. in a way to make It worse, it tne 'alter, it would be better lor inem. and fop everybody else. that their wnr working hours should be added to rather than they should be dimin ished. Better be a drudge than to be a mischievous or a boozing Idler. Kniored laf.norcd Claxsen. lne anierence in general oeiween what , h favSred classes and . ODD -d elasspt: ... that the for- The difference in general between the oppressed classes is that the for mer have had the opportunity to cul- j tivate their powers of thought and of OI-IIWH dllU lICLVe HlUt3 IUC 1IUOL U4. those opportunities. Now. with eight free hours a day, is the latter class, the unfavored class, going to use the means for self education and self bet terment thus put in its hands, or is it going to abuse its privileges and appropriate its enlarged privileges to the service of idleness, purposeless ness and dissipation? Things are go ing to work more and more ln the Interest- of those whose interests ln the centuries past have been too little con sidered. We shall see whether the j unfavored will rise to the level of their increased opportunities and whether those whose lives have been to some extent lives of servitude will show themselves worthy of the blessings of a larger liberty. BAPTIST COLLEGE OPENS AT PLAINVIEW ON SEPT. 3 Plainvlew, Texas. Aug. :.. Wayland Baptist college will open its fall term September 3. and on the following Friday evening a reception will be given the students of the college, on the roof garden of the building. The opening enrolment is expected to be about 250. The racing teams of the Plainvlew fire department have returned from the Panhandle Firemen's convention at Vernon, where they won first place in every event. The coupling race for the Fuqua cup was won with a time of 26 seconds, Amarillo beinir sprond. The reel race for a purse ot $65 and a silver trumpet, was won in 37 seconds, Amarillo second. Canyon third. The 500 yard relay race was won with a time of 53 seconds. WOMAN CHARGED WITH HAVING SMUGGLED SOTOL IN HOUSE Mrs. Andrea Chavez, a Mexican wom an, was arrested at her home near Vsleta. Wednesday, on a charge of having two and one-half gallons of smuggled sotol. a Mexican liquor, in her possession The arrest was m.ide bv customs lint ridfr rtibr"-t W. ui'-.e i ho brojght tne -voman to El Paso Vt ednesdaj afternoon. CONGRESS SENDS ARMY BOARD TO INVESTIGATE BORDER CLAIMS Dissatisfaction Over Mexico's Method of Adjusting of American Losses Forces Government to Act By FREDERIC (Continued from mitting these relatives to come to his house without a passport. Mormons Hardest Hit Perhaps the people hardest hit by the revolution have been the Mormons. President Diaz was alwavs anxious to get as many farmers into Mexico as pos sible farmers who would break up big haciendos into small farms and till them after the American way. , Dozens of Mormon settlements were established in many sections of Mexico. Traveling along the Vera Cruz & Isthmus railway one crosses broad prairies with here and there settlements of Mormon farm ers men who have transformed idle soil into wealth producing plantations. The same has been true in northern Mexico. These people went down there, taking their all with them, and establishing farming districts and rural towns which remind one of prosperous sections in Iowa or Illinois. None of the things one sees in those states were wanting to tell the story of thrift, energy and pros pcrjty; in some of the towns were three story school buildings, built according to the best standard in the United States. Their schools had as extensive courses qf study and as good teachers as those in this country- But where prospcrtiy and happiness dwelt vesterday. today there is sorrow and calamity. What the armies of the north and the south did to Virginia as the fortunes of war swaved back and forth, during the sixties, that have the armies of the government and of the revolutionists been doing to the Mormon settlements in northern Mexico. That is why they have abandoned their all and are flocking baek to the "United States, mayhap never to return. The Americans in Mexico cannot com plain that thev have not been dealt with generously in the matter of being af forded an opportunitv to get out oi the country. The dispatching of army trans ports to bring them off when president Taft first issued his admonition to all Americans, to get out. the prompt voting by congress oi 1100.000 and the use of army tents for the protection of the refugees coming across the border, and THE MANICURE LADY By WILLIAM GOT after brother Wilfred again bfe the other night, George, said the Manicure Lady. "What about?" Inquired the Head Barber. "Oh, the same old thing poetry." answered the Manicure Lady. "There is no use trying to get poor brother going on any other subject or in any other way than poetry. His heart and soul and what brains he has is that wrapped up in wooing them Muses that he never thinks of nothing else, unless It is change for carfare. "J he way mc and Mayme sot to him that time was very simple. George. Tou remember I was telling you a week or si ago about how me and Mayme got him off his balance by telling him about some great poet named Viereck that said all poets was insane. If you listened half careful at the time yo-i will remember that I told you Wilfred was as near going to pieces as a kid co'ild be. v"eli. cnis tinu- we got to talking to him about this B-ngster, Sam Schepp;, thst the district attorney had brought back from Hot Springs. We would never have thought of It except for a item Mayme saw in the paper. The article was describing Mister Schepps. the gan? man. and It said that among other things. Mister Schepps was very fond of poetry. "Wilfred flared right up the minute that we told him, and- wanted to bet us everything he had that there was J Years Ago To- "Tf" From The Herald Of ' " This Date 1898 day Rev. A. C. Wright and wife have returned o the city from Alamogordo. Mrs. R. Spring, and son Harry, re turned irom their visit to California. A. C. Rush, of Los Angeles, Is visit ing his brother F. Rush of thbs city. Jack and Ed H-jbbard" returned yes terday morning from their northern trip. Clerk Pitman issued a marriage license to Carl Joseph and Miss Stella Goodman. Mrs. E. Sidebotham and children, of Clifton, Ariz., are visiting H. Ed wards and wife. Master car repairer Borcherding, of the G. H., put two more men to work in his lepartmert today. Mrs. Adolph Sprlnz Is expected home on the S. P. today after spending a pleasant time in California. Miss Maggie Lyons, who for the last sis months has been spending a va cation up in the mountains of New Mexico, returned today. M. J. Millett. foreman of the G. H. machine shop, has returned to El Paso from San Antonio where he was called as a witness in a case. W. A. Rhinehart. traveling passen ger agent of the G. H.. with head quarters at Houston, was among the arrivals on that train today. Mrs. L. Baumgarten, of San Fran cisco, arrived the early part of this week to visit her sister. Miss Ullman, and to be present at the marriage of her niece. The merchants on El Paso street are smiling this morning as commissioner Ed Wales has his street cleaning force out gathering up the refuse and trash from the gutters and the streets. The exchange says that great prep arations are bing made in Demlng for the fair to be held there on September 23 and 24. It will be a fine agricul tural, mining, mechanical and art ex hibit. It was stated. C H. Cole, of the T. P.. received a letter from C. T. Owens who is at present stationed at Montauk Point. Mr. Cole and Mr. Owens were working together on the T. P. when the latter enlisted in the "Rough Riders." Col. William Kirby. of the G. H. blacksmith shop, headed a party of brother blacksmiths to the lake near San Elizario last Sunday on a fish ing tour. The colonel claims that his party caught 150 of the finny tribe, but they returned with only 32. Tom Spivy. accompanied by his wife, returned today from Houston. Mrs. Spivy went to Houston about a month ago to visit friends and rela tives, and Mr. Spivy joined her there. "The heat is so intense down there," said Mr. Sp'vy. "that 1 wanted to get mv familv ba'-k to El Paso as soon as possiblp." ' Randolph Laurence, paying teller of I the state tieasurj at Austin, who has j J. HASKIH. page one.') thr- navine of the transportation charges tne paying ui . cft03 fnT to any part 01 mc ... " TA everv returning refugee unable to pav it himself, tell the story of the disposi tion of the government to do what it can. To Get at the Facts. While all of these things have been happening congress has decided, upon the motion of senator Nelson, to attempt to find out exactly what is the true inwajd ness of the situation in Mexico, tvery body knows it cosfcs money to wage wars, and congress has a committee at work trying to find out where the finances ofthe armies in Mexico and tlurevolu tions in other countries are coming from. Some have asserted that W all 'street is financing the revolution. Othsrs are contending that this is improbable at least. They point out that Wall street has vast investments in the railroads and mines of Mexico, and that it would scarcely put up money tending to per petuate the present situation, which manifestly is adverse to the prosperity of these "interests. .... It is known, however, by all who are acquainted with these countries, that all one needs to do is to raise the standard of revolution and financial support is forthcoming. It happens in the little war-ridden countries like Haiti, Santo Domingo. Nicaragua and Honduras, as well as in Mexico. And more often than not it is American money that is put up. The investigating committee is deter- j I -cl ii.:rni.nB f !, oidioUnn mined to sift this phase of the situation to the bottom, and it is probable that it will result m some very interesting rev elations. Those who ought to be best acquainted with the situation in Mexico profess to see no early hope of peace. They assert that the peon likes his job as a soldier, and is willing to keep up the fighting indefinitclv, so long as it affords him op portunity to redress what he now con siders the wrongs that have been heaped upon him in the past. The longer hos tilities continue the more irritating are the international questions expected t become, and the calmer the coun-yi re quired to prevent the most serious inter national difficulties. F. KIRK. never a bad man in the world who loved poetry, but as long as Wilfred didn't have much of anything to bet we simply kept grinning at him one of those tantalizing. Joe Gallagher grins. 'Poetry is too beautiful and too noble to be liked by those horrid criminals," says Wilfred. Then I got right in the game with my superior literary judg ment and knowledge, George, .and I showed him how a great poet named Frank Villain once lived in France and how Frankfe wrote most of his best ballads when he was In the cooler hoping against hope that he would be able to reach some influential friend that could 'spring him away from the island. And I told him how a gent named Mister Bunyan has wrote that beautiful novel called Pilgrim's Ab scess, or whatever the name of It was, while he was In a prison cell. Between me and Mayme I guess we talked so eloquent about the advantage of poets being in jail that I guess poor brother won't care much now whether he gets pinched or not. All he wants is to put over one poem that will make the whole world talk about him. and he don't care where he writes it either. If he thought he could write a poem that would live through the ages, he would gladly .ite it on the guillotine. That's how much of a literary sport Wilfred is. He wouldn't stop at noth ing to bring him success." "I guess he Mnust be one of those fellows." said the Head Barber, "who I wouldn't stop at nothing and who never end anywhere." been spending his summer vacation here, accompanied by his wife and daughter, left over the G. H. for his home. Mr. Laurence stated that he was so well pleased with EI Paso that he was thinking of locating here. President McKinely has selected Juan S. Hart of the First immune regiment for detail service with the Cuban commission as Interpreter. Capt Hart was born and reared in El Paso. His father was major In the United States army and his mother belonged to a Spanish family of Mex ico. He was educated at Christian Brothers' college, St Louis. A laughable incident occurred on THE ELECTORAL by george fitch, COLLEGE Author of "At Good 0Id Siwash" (Copyright, 1912, by George Mathew Adams.) THE electoral college 'is one of our poorest institutions of learning. It has no curriculum, no professors, no yell, and holds only one session every four years. It would tike a genius to learn anything in the electoral college, but it is very popular for all that, and thousands of men would feel highly honored if they had an electoral college education. The electoral college has a trifle over 500 students, but they couldn't score a touchdown on a well trained high school team. They have no training and do not even miantain a glee club. The col lege never had even a set of colors ex cept in the campaign of 1S96, when it adopted gold. It is a very old school, having been organized in I7SS by the builders of the constitution in an effort to renfcve the mental wear and tear of electing a president from the common people. The framers of the constitution didn't have much faith in the taste of the common people as far as presidents went and thought they were doing a pretty fine thing in letting the people elect the constables and legislators an opinion in which a great many well groomed gentlemen with automobiles still agree. But after the electoral college had come within one vote of electing Aaron Burr president, the c. p. shivered slightly and took up the electing job themselves. Since that time the life of the presi dential elector has been one of great easo. His work is light and requires no strain on the intellect. He is nom inated because of his age and respect ability and is coached in his job by the voters in the 2o ember election. After rartin e A feller never knows where he got a bad cold er a plugged .dime. Beets re main within reach o' all with perfect impunity. the streets several afternoons ago. Jim Milne, a sign i.alcter, was painting a sign on the- window, of Cooper Bro thers, and as the work he was doing I consisted oi line tracing ne naa a Doy 3tand on the outslde w,fh an nmht A boy came along and asxed the tei low holding the umbrella if he did not know that it had stopped raining. Aboaz that time the painter knocked, on tha glass and told the boy with the umbre.l-i to ccme inside as he had finished. The fellow who was so bmart ducked his head and left TJTE3 HOLD CARNIVAL IN COLORADO' SPRINGS Colorado Springs, Colo., Aug. 29. "Shan Kive." the Indian carnival, opned.here today, braves from the an cient tribes of Utes, to whom tils ter ritory originally belonged, ji ying" to this city from their reservation? and taking active part In the chief event of today's program, the marking of the old Ute trail into the mountains. The Indians, together with a party of white pioneers, traced the ancient hjghway of the Utes from Colorado Springs to the old Soda springs, wor shipped by the indians as the foun. of Manitou, their god. Each mile of the way was marked with a white marble post lettered "L U. T." This trail is the oldest known aboriginal path in the United States, the hoofs and moc assins of countless ponies and Indians having worn a deep and well marked path through the hard granite. The city authorities have arranged to celebrate "Shan Klve" for three days and have included in their program an automobile mt-ja monster parada and open air mask.fete and a national long .distance balloon race, between. Capt. H. E. Honeywell and three other pilots. The great balloons of these aerial navigators were one of the at tractions of the day. crowds of visitors watching the crews and handlers pre pare the gas bags for the race tomor row. Capt Honeywell was of the opinion that new records would be hung up If the wind set in from the -west and al lowed the balloons free access to the hundreds of miles of plains. The Lahm cup and a $390 silver cup offered by a, local hotel, are the prizes. Honevwell, the winner of the Kansas City elimina tion race on July 27. leaves for the in ternational balloon race at Stuttgardt Germany, immediately upon the com pletion of ,the present race. DRINKMAKES ISRAEL THINK HE KILLED MAN Salt Lake City. Utah, Aug. 29. That he never feels guilty of murder ex cept when drunk was the statement made today by Steve Israel, who told the police last night that he had mur dered and robbed a pawnbroker at North Topeka, Kans. Israel was sobpr this morning and gave a peculiar ex planation of his murder hallucination. He was ln jail in Topeka. he said, suffering from intoxication on the night of the pawnbroker's murder The morning after he came into possession, of a newspaper in which the crime was described in ghastly detail. "In my shaky condition," Israel add ed, "that horrible business sank deep into my mind and ever since when I drink too much it has seemed to me that I was killing the pawnbroker." The police will not release Israel un til his latest statement is verified by the Topeka authorities. his state has indicated its choice for president, it allows him to go to the state capital and cast its vote with a nice new lead pencil. Then he comes home and rests on his laurels until he dies, when the city newspapers give him two lines and recall the fact that he was once an elector. The electoral college was invented be cause in the early days each state con- b fwHAT to they Kwcrw "actff) I STEAM ROUERS,AMYWrV S 7-ft rch) "Letting the people elect the constables. j sidcred itself to bev more important than the nation and insisted on expressing iw ideas as a state and no as a population. But since state lines have become so dim that only sheriffs and railroads can tell where they are the college has becoma not only useless but a good deal of a nuisan -c ard it nill probably be i leaned out and boarded u.-'m the near future.