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El Paso herald. (El Paso, Tex.) 1901-1931, January 11, 1913, Week-End Edition, Section B, Image 10

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88084272/1913-01-11/ed-1/seq-10/

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Plans For Working Men's Compensation
Acts Are Going Forward; Labor News
Csndncted by C. S. Ward, International Typographical Union.
The tfsMMtM of the plane for work
men's eorapa&e&tfon at the conference
of the IfeHoaal Civic federation held In
New York city brought out the great
progress made in this direction in the
United States, aays the New Tork
Times. At the same time it shows
that public opinion is not yet
clearly defined as to some Important
phases of the subject
There is general agreement on one
point that the old common law de
fences in case of injury should practi
cally be abolished. These are three in
dumber. First is that of contributory
negligence by the injured employe. This
is so difficult to define, the workman
in the highly organised industry of the
time, employing varied and complex
machinery, has 90 little control of the
conditions of his occupation, that the
old doctrine can no longer be fairly
applied. The second is the negligence
of a fellow-employe, and against this
the same objections are still stronger.
The third is the doctrine that a per
son in taking employment assumes
the risks attending it. As he cannot
guard against those risks, as often he
cannot even know at the time what
those risks are, and as, generally, his
need of work is such that he has no
choice and Is not a free agent, this
doctrine is now generally admitted to
be obsolete as well as extremely un
just The chief objection to all these
defences on the part of the employer
is that when pleaded in the courts,
they give opportunity for endless de
lays and numberless technical diffi
culties, which Increase uncertainty,
augment costs and make the adminis
tration of justice futile to do justice.
Another point on which there is
pretty general agreement is that, what
ever compensation for injury is pro
vided for by law. the injured person
and his dependents should be en
abled to obtain it surely, promptly and
with no deduction for coBts. Toward
this end various plans are now In oper
ation. In one or two states the law
fixes the amount of compensation for
specified and classified Injuries col
lects the funds to pay it, and disburses
them. The sources of the funds vary.
In "Washington they are collected from
the employers alone; in Ohio a small
percentage Is gathered from the -workmen.
In most states employers may
assent to the plan or not If not they
are forbidden to plead any of the three
defences we have described. In New
Jersey the employes may choose
whether they will accept .the terms
fixed by law, or will sue the employer
for their common law rights.
The complexity and uncertainly of
legislation and legal decisions on this
general subject have been so great that
a system of employers liability In
surance has grown upr In principle
it is not open to serious objection. In
practice it has become vexatious and
often unjust It substitutes as defend
ant in suits for compensation for in
jury In the place of the employer, who
may well feel that it is to his interest
that his workmen shall be fairly
treated and shall Know that they are,
a corporation which is tempted to pay
as little as possible, and, sometimes,
to discourage suits by delay and costs.
The only one of the state systems, we
believe, that is framed specifically to
avoid the objections to this mode of
settlement is that of Massachusetts.
In that state the employers may elect
whether they win come under the law,
but if they do not they cannot plead
the old common law defences in civil
suits. The employes also may make
the- choice. If both come under the
law, then the payments fixed by tnfe
law are seenred by the employers tak
ing out an adequate policy in an ordi
nary liability company, or in the Em
ployers Insurance association author
ized by ,the state, in which the insur
ance can be had practically at cost
This, it will be seen, is a plan to in
sure, not the employers, but the em
ployes, from loss.
The main aim, as we have said, of
all these plans is to secure to the in
jured certain and prompt payment of
damages defined by the law. It is an t
aim which is very generally approved
by the more intelligent employers. The
best way to attain it Is still a matter
for study and experiment, but that it
will ultimately be substantially
reached there is, happily, very little
Printers "Will "Urge El Paso Firms
To Patronlxe Home Industry.
El Paso Typographical union. No.
370, is preparing, to fight to keep at
Some much printing that is let to out
side printers every year.
"More than $50,000 worth of print
ing is sent to other cities every year
by El Paso houses that could be done
at home. Just as good work could be
obtained and at prices that "will com
pare favorably with any city in the
country," said P. J. Schilling, presi
dent of the local union. "One hears
a great deal about a greater Bl Paso
and civic pride, and the like, and it
does seem to me that some of the big
business men who are preaching this
doctrine should "practice what they
"The laboring man is for a greater
El Paso, and we practice the theory.
If we earned our money In Bl Paso
and sent to Dallas or elsewhere for our
clothing and food, there would be a
great howl raised by the merchants and
business men of our city, but many of
them do not seem to think of civic
pride and a greater city when they
send to other cities to have their
printing done. The .$60,090 or more
that is spent for printing outside of
El Paso every year might just as well
be spent at home. It would furnish
more employment for our contracting
printers and for members of our or
ganization. "The money would be kept at home
and spent at home Instead of going into
the pockets of men who never spend
a dollar In this city unless they are
forced to."
Trolleymen Strike On IJnc
Between Yonkers and New York.
Every trolley car of the Yonkers
Hallway company, operating in Yonk
ers. Eastlngs-on-Hudson, Tuckahoe,
Mount Vernon and through to the New
York city line, stopped running when
the company's motormen and con
ductors went on strike. About 500 men
are out and leaders threaten to ex
tend the strike to the "Westchester
Electric company's "lines, which would
effect nearly 100 more men. Alleged
violation by president Whitridge, ot
the company, of a verbal agreement
and other vehicles acted as common
reason for the strike. Automobiles
to "ive local men the perference in
taking on employes is given as the
IlnverhJU Strike Is Unbroken and
More Shoe Carter Go OHt.
Neither manufacturers nor labor
leaders look for an early settlement of
the strike of cutters in the Haverhill
shoe factories. About 300 in all have
R b I n
For the treatment of Bites of MAD DOGS
responded to the call of the local com
mittee of the United Shoes "Workers
of America for a general strike. The
strikers spend most of the day in pa
rading and trying to Induce other cut
ters to join the strike. No move look
ing toward a conference has been made
by either side. The strikers demand
recognition of the union, abolition of
the socalled "blacklist" and with
drawal of the manufacturers from the
local Manufacturers' association.
Call Issued for Child Labor Say.
The 6000 clergymen who last year
observed Child Labor Day are being
asked to speak on that subject Sun
day, January 26, or Saturday, January
25. For seven years the national child
labor committee has issued such an ap
peal i-nd the Interest aroused by the
last CiUld Labor Day resulted In a gen
eral demand for the passing of the fed
eral children's bureau bill. In im
proved child labor laws in 10 of the
14 states holding legislative sessions
and an increasing use of lecture slides
and exhibits about child labor.
The day has never been used as an
appeal for funds and this year spo
cial attention Is called to child labor
in tenement house manufacturing. The
national child labor committee also re
minds clergymen that child laborers
become unskilled adult workers, and
the Chicago vice commission gives as
th second irreatest cause why 40,000
girls are sacrificed annually to an Im
moral life, "the economic stress of in
dustrial life on unskilled workers,
with the enfeebling influences on the
will power." This cause the commission
gives as second only to. the lack of
ethical training and. religious Instruc
tion. Change Labor Day Law.
n-nrine- tn a defect in the law enu
merating legal holidays to be observed
by the government the controler of
the treasury at "Washington, D. C.
decided that employes working on
Labor day were not entitled to extra
compensation. It was found that his
contention was sustained by the statute
covering this matter. In consequence
thereof, there was a bill passed In the
house of representatives on Dec. 16,
making the first Monday in September
Labor dav, a legal holiday and pro
viding that all per diem employes of
the government of the United States
shall receive the same pay on Labor
day as for other legal holidays. Where
per diem employes have been required
to work on designated holidays they
receive double pay, but accoramg 10
the ruling as mentioned above Labor
day was not Included among other
legal holidays. No opposition devel
oped and the bill was passed by the
house without opposition.
Motormen Want Heat
The organized street railway- em
ployes of Wheeling, W. Va.. recently
held a meeting to approve a bill to be
introduced in the next state legisla
ture providing for heating apparatus to
be Installed in the motormen's vesti
bule on all street cars In the state of
West Virginia. The duties of a motor
man in severe cold weather- are of such
a character that sufficient heat In the
forward vestibule is necessary for the
safe handling of street cars- Pinched
with cold It cannot be expected that
a motorman can control a car with as
much safety to himelf and the public
as he would where sufficient heat Is
provided so that he can exercise his
physical strength in operating his car
There are states that have statutes In
force regulating the heating of the for
ward vestibule an it is desirable that
West Virginia as well as other states
should have a similar law.
Carpenters Aggressive.
Some time ago me
carpenters of
niiincv I1L inaugurated a strike
UltlUJt , ..., rtf,. I
against a nnmoer ot iue mauu
Ing concerns for better conditions. As
a result an agreement has Been reached
with all firms, with the exception of
three, and the men have returned to
work at the factories where a settle
ment has been arrived at Owing to
the fact that good mechanics are diffi
cult to obtain, the companies endeavor
ing to run with Inefficient employes
are having great difficulty, and tho
carpenters are confident of eventually
securing an agreement from the three
firms, now endeavoring to defeat the
carpenter's union.
Houston Bricklayers Hold Meeting.
The bricklayers of Houston held a
meeting in Moose hall this week to
discuss the existing situation between
the union and the building contractors.
A committee was appointed by the
union to confer with a like committee
of contractors. Neither side, however,
Is ready to give out any definite in
formation, other than that the situa
tion is considerably improved. The
sentiment of both the contractors and
the bricklayers is optimistic and It is
believed that a ettlement of the pre
sent difficulties will be brought about
within a short time satisfactory to alt
Agreement Signed.
The Pittsburg, Pa., union of Street
and Electric Railway employes an
nounce that an agreement has been
secured between the Tri-City Railway
& Blectric company, operating, between
Baver, Pa., and Steubenville, O., and
the local union. This agreement is the
first complete one that has ever been
secured from the company.
Several strikes have occurred on this
line, the bone of contention being tho
recognition of the organisation. With
thl3 agreement secured there Is com
plete harmony now between the road
and the employes.
Fourth District Carpenters.
A conference was held recently at
Birmingham. Ala., by the delegates
from the fourth district, comprising
several southern states, of the unions of
the United Brotherhood of Carpenters
and Joiners. The general conditions
of the southern territory were gone
Into thoroughly and from the reports
submitted it appears that the condi
tions have Improved wonderfully since
a year ago. Plans were adoptod for
further activities during this year. The
next meeting will be held in Memphis,
Labor Notes.
Massachusetts contains 16,000 union
Forty-four states have adopted an
age limit for working children.
Edmonton (Canada) trades and labor
council has decided to ereot a labor
It is claimed that 0 percent of the I
""" ana unoKiayers in Italy are
out of work.
An eight-hour day and semi-monthly
imy uay nas oeen obtained Jay
employes of Altoona, Pa,
city J
The American Federation of Musi
cians now has 622 local unions, 25 of
Caples Building
" ' 3
which are in Canada. The membership
is now 80,000.
Employes of the packing industry in
Chicago work 10, 12 and 14 hours a
day, and the average wage at the
stockyards is less than $7 a week.
In New York city the meatcutters
have gained the nine-hour day.
San Francisco, Calif, Typographical
union has a membership exceeding
California has an employers' liability
law, but according to a decision handed
down by the supreme court of the state,
it does not apply to the state in its
capacity as employer.
The Canadian federal labor depart
ment has in the last few weeks settled
street railway differences between
companies and men in Ottawa, Hull.
Halifax, Quebec and Port Arthur.
Eight thousand London taxi drivers
are on a strike. They probably heard
that the world's gold supply for 1912
was $450,000,000 and it made them sore
to think there was some of It they
didn't get
Advices indicate the certainty that
the Mississippi statute limiting the
days of labor in factories and indus
trial plants to 10 hours will go to the
supreme court of the United States for
final construction.
Twenty thousand city employes of
Chicago suffered a cut of 20 percent
in their salaries by action of the city
council. jrTactlcally every employe Is
affected except a few high in author
ity. The city budget calls for $23,
384.193. A bill under preparation by Minne
apolis Bakers union having for its ob
ject the creation of more sanitary con
ditions in bakeshops, and the complete
abolishment of basement bakeshops.
will soon be ready for presentation to
the Minnesota state legislature.
Shorter hours of work have been per
sistently fought for by the Barbers" In
ternational union. Sunday work has
been eliminated and an average of
more than two hours a day cut from
the other six day3 of the week, o
more than 20 hours a week for 30,800
men, accomplished without reduction
In wages.
The Western Union Telegraph com
pany has established schools of teleg
raphy at its offices in a number of
cities; that Is to say, messenger boys,
clerks and others who wish to learn
to operate are provided with a room
for practice and have the guidance of
a teacher specially assigned to that
The Chicago, Burlington & Quincy
rallroad has issued an order prohibit
ing employes from cashing their pay
checks In saloons and has made ar
rangements with banks to keep open
evenings at the time the pay checks
are distributed, in order to handle this
business. One saloon keeper in Au
rora, 111., is said to have cashed over
$15,000 -worth of checks In a single
It is said that no other institution in
the world has been so successful in
the treatment of tuberculosis as the
Union Printers home at Colorado
Springs, and its fame has spread1 to
the most remote parts of the world.
The home is the property of the Inter
national Typographical union an.l re
presents an outlay, contributed by
about 50,000 members, of about $1,500,-
000, and approximately $90,000 is ex
pended each year in its maintenance.
A settlement has been reached be
tween the striking Western machinists
of the Grand Trunk Pacific and presi
dent E. J. Chamberlain, which will clear
the way for the opening of the Trans
cona shops. The company agrees that
next spring. If the men so desire, the
Western management will meet a com
mittee of the men to decide upon a new
agreement and a new schedule, and
falling. n n...!..A n A ..-n r. V. .31....
failing to arrive at terms the differ
ences will be submitted to a concila
tlon board appointed under the indus
trial disputes act
The Boston American Federation of
Labor Longshoremen's Trade council
has been organized. The council con
tains the longshoremen's unions which
have recently changed their affiliation
from the Knights of Labor to the re
cognized Longshoremen's Interna
tional union, together with the Steam
ship Clerk's union and the Dock and
Freight Handlers' union. jThis places
practically all the waterfront organi
zations in the council and also in affili
ation through their international
unions with the American Federation
of Labor.
(Continued from preceding sage)
the insured persons or their representa
tives, the approved societies. The
government refused to consent to any
such arrangement and proceeded to the
formation of panels of medical men
willing to work under the act, and an
nounced that in any area where there
were not sufficient doctors accepting
their terms, to make other provision
for giving medical benefit to all in
jured persons who require it after
January 15, the date on which the bene
fits come into effect
Country Doctors Dissent.
In most of the large cities the gov
ernment has found no difficulty in ob
taining sufficient doctors to act and
in some districts all the doctors have
accepted the terms. It is in the coun
try districts, where the old fashioned
Practlcioner still has a" complete mon
opoly of the practice that the greatest
difficulty will be found. Those who
have 'accepted the government's terms
have formed the National Practitioners"
association and have withdrawn from
the older association. In the first ple
biscite the doctors voted by an over
whelming majority against the plan on
tho ground that the fees were not large
enough. The government partially met
this objection by increasing the fees,
but the doctors were still dissatisfied
and they fought hard for more. An
other plebiscite was taken and while
a majority of those who voted were
against falling in under the new scale
of fees a still greater majority ab
stained. It is these abstainers, with
the minority in the voting, upon whom
the government Is now relying. Mr.
Lloyd George, the sponsor of the act,
expresses confidence that he will se
cure sufficient doctors, but says If he
does not he will establish national
medical servioe.
Earl Grey's Work.
Karl Grey, who has taken the presi
dency of the British committee for the
celebration of the hundredth anniver
sary of the signing of the treaty of
Ghent, between America and England,
is one of the type of Englishmen who
at the conclusion of their active ser
vice for the state take up movements
frtr fh trenprnl ernrul whleH in -fa.
keep them almost If not more' busy
I than am tneir pudiic duties. After the
usudi ictv jcaia in fJaixieijiicilL Tia,ri
Grey became administrator of Rhode
sia, and by easy stages reached the,
governor-generalship of Canada, which
is, next to the viceroyalty of India, the
highest post in the colonial service. His
term in the dominion was a busy one,
and since his return home he has not
allowed any grass to grow under Kls
feet He has taken up the celebration
of the hundred years' peace with en
thusiasm and is working hard for It
Slump In Itenlty.
There has been a tremendous slump
in the value of real estate In South
Kensington, due largely to the noise
of the traffic and the sire of the houses
erected there in the last century. Re
cently the government purchased six
houses for the extension of the South
Kensington museum. The price paid
was from $20,000 to ?3 0,000. Twenty
years ago each of these houses was
worth from ?1 00,000 to $150,000 Five
of the houses have been empt-v for half
a renturv because of their size and the
r ie from two thoroughfares on cither
Rump Roast,
per lb
Shoulder Roast, 1 fa
per lb 1UC
Stew Heat, o
per lb .- OC
213 N. Sisinton St.
i&mi w m ttacaviiffc'g
(Continued from previous page).
high in the United States about that
time, and by a strict party vote he was
declared not guilty of the several of
fenses charged against him.
It wa3 a quadter of a century be
fore another official was haled before
the senate sitting as a court of im
peachment This time it was a district
judge, James H. Peck, who was
charged with "high crimes and misde
meanors." In 1830 the house impeached
hif for grossly abusing his power as a
judge by casting an attorney into
prison for 24 hours and suspending him
from the bar of his court for IS months
for writing and publishing a moder
ate criticism of one of judge Pekk's
decisions, the case at issue being one
in which the debarred attorney was
interested. The suspension prevented
his further participation in the suit.
The senate heard the evidence and
then declared that the judge was jus
tified in assuming that he was clothed
-with the legal power he exercised, and
also held that there was no evidence
that Peck's sentence of imprisonment
and suspension had been the result of
malice. There was but a single ar
ticle In the charges of impeachment
against judge Peck, and that merely
recited his sentence of the 'attorney,
Luke K. Lawless.
The Humphries Impeachment.
More than 30 years passed before the
machinery of Impeachment was again
set in motion. It was in 1S62 that the
house voted to Impeach judge "West H.
Humphries, a district judge in Ten
nessee, upon charges which had to do
with his desertion of the federal bench
and assuming a similar position on the
Confederate bench. Ha was charged
with publicly declaring for the right of
secession and inciting revolt against
the United States; with supporting the
ordinance of secession; with conspiring
against' the government; with refusing
to hold court; and with, as a Confede
rate judge, causing arrests, imprison
ments, and confiscations. He did not
defend himself nor even enter an ap
pearance. He was found guilty of all
the charges except those of unlawful
arrests and confiscations, of which
he was acquitted.
Impeachment of a President.
The next case is the most notable
one In the history of American juris
prudence. It is the only time a presi
dent ever has been impeached, although
an effort was made to impeach John
Tyler. The quarrel between congress
and president Johnson had degenerated
into the bitterest contest American
politics Ijas ever seen. Congress had
passed over the veto of the president
the tenure of office act. a measure
which took away from the president
the right to control his own cabinet
He regarded it as unconstitutional, as
all legal authorities now concede that
it was. He attempted to ignore the
law, but In the case of the secretary
ship of war, held by Edwin M. Stanton,
ne ciaimea tnat his removal of that
official did not violate the tenure of
office act He was charged with vio
lation of the tenure of office act with
attempting to Induce a general In the
army to disobey a low of congress, and
with attempting to bring that body
into contempt and reproach by intem
perate and infammatory speeches
T.he next Impeachment was that of
William W. Belknap, secretary of war
under Grant, who was Impeached for
having accepted a part of the profits
J"1 army Pst tradership from a
trader whom he had appointed. A few
hours before the house voted to im
peach him, Belknap resigned. The
senate refused to stop Its proceedings
because of his resignation, but after
trial he was acquitted.
Twenty-eight years passed before
the next Impeachment trial found its
way Into the senate. Then judge
Charles Swayne was Impeached on 12
artiS f-.Ue was charged with having
padded his expense accounts, with us
ing a railroad car for his own use
that was owned by a road in the hands
pr a receiver appointed by him, charg
ing the expense to the railroad. He
was further charged with not living in
his district and with maliciously ad
judging certain parties guilty of con
tempt of court by Imposing excessive
"iica a.ua prison sentences upon them.
He was acquitted on every count even
a majority vote not being secured on
any of them.
W1' Be Jed for Light and for Power
Purposes i silver City, Dentins
and EIneiTlicrc.,
Santa Fe, N. ML, Jan. 11. H. B.
Johnson, R. H. Boulware and J. "W.
Co"yerse. Silver City men. have filed
with the state engineer an application
to impound the flood waters of the
east fork of the Gila river in Grant
county to furnish power for a central
plant with which it is planned to sup
ply the power needs of Silver City.
Demlng, Santa Rita and Hurley and
the mining companies in that neigh
borhood. It Is planned to Impound 15,000 acre
feet of tht -riifw! u-otora of tVi rjiin
by a dam 50 feet high and 270 feet
long on top. Thence a tunnel and
Hume will convey the water to the
site of the power plant 32 miles below.
It Is estimated that 4000 horsepower
can be developed, and the estimated
cost of the project Is $1,940,000.
The original proposition contem
plated using the regular flow In the
Gila river, but in the amended appli
cation which was filed yesterday, a
storage reservoir is substituted.
New York. Jan. 11. Maud ilalone. a
militant suffraget who was arrested
and convicted for disturbing a meeting
at which Woodrow Wilson was speak
ing, appeared in the court of special
sessions in Bmrooklyn and asked that
she be fined in order that she might
appeal her case Her request was
granted Nn i enaltj had been import ,i
urm ' '"' . tion, siTitiice t in, iv.
P ndc J.
High grade meats right
ly priced.
Fresh Pig Hams, Ofr
per lb VC
Fresh Pig Shoulders, -J f-
per lb IOC
Pig Heads, Q
per lb ..... -
Home Made Sausage, - O9,
Smoked Tongue, CA,
each JJWC
Bell Phone 136
(Continued from previous page).
place an arbitrary limit on the amount j
to be spent for corsets. "I should
say," he said, "that a good suit could J
be bought for $20. I have seen such ,
advertised, have seen them worn and ,
have admired them. I have also seen
excellent overcoats for women sold at
$18 and they are distinctly charming.
ATI allowance ui xur shvoq o ojuic
So far as corsets are concerned, I am
sure I have seen advertisements ot
distinctly graceful and substantial cor
sets to sell at $1 or $1.10. So I am
forced to conclude that $2 for corsets
would be ample, and it would seem that
$1 would be sufficient"
"Where Humanity Is Congested.
The congestion of vehicles on Fifth
avnnue, which New Yorkers, at least
look upon as the greatest street In the
world, is becoming so dense as seri
ously to threaten its future as a thor
oughfare. Figures have just been pre
pared, based on actual count which
show that between 2 and 6 o'clock on a
recent afternoon no less than 9075 ve
hicles passed a single point Of these,
962, or about 11 percent, were business
vehicles. mostly delivery wagons.
though only one in every 20 made any 1
deliveries on the avenue. wnat a
traffic of 22S9 vehicles an hour, or 38
every minute, really means, " it would
be hard to picture for one who has not
seen the great avenue at the afternoon
rush hours, when its wholev width is
filled solidly with automobiles inter
spersed with a few carriages, half faced
north and half south, and each column
moving spasmodically in hasty rushes,
spending three minutes waiting for the
janr to break for every half minute
of movement The result of all this
congestion has been that the avenue
in its present choked condition is
hardly a highway; it is a parade. As
a result the merchants along the av
enue actually find themselves losing
trade because customers cannot reach
their doors fast enough. A3 a remedy,
they propose a closed season for busi
ness traffic in the shopping section of
the avenue, from 2 p. m. to 6. No vehi
cle will be allowed to stand at the
curb except when actually taking or
leaving passengers, and stands for
cabs, it has been suggested, may be
provided In the middle of the less im
portant cross streets. In this way it
is hoped that Fifth avenue may con
tinue, in part, at least, to serve as a
Plague of Sparrows.
A very real plague of sparrows has
descended on New York, and park
commissioner Stover, on whom com
plaints have been pouring in, has been
vexed about it as Pharoah was by the
plague of the frogs and ..usts. In
his efforts to discover just who has
the authority to exterminate these
pests, the commissioner as gone to
everybody from the fire department
to the U. S. government and no" help
has come to him in his distress. The
federal authorities in response to the
inquiry, "What can be done with the
sparrows?' answered vigorously,
"Shoot some, poison some." Which
was all very well except that the park
commissioner had his doubts whether
he could order his me to shoot in
the streets, and he was sure no one
oculd scatter poison about New York
with impunity. The Audubon society
agrees that the prettiest sparrow is a
dead sparrow, but refuses to counten
ance the killing of anything feathered,
and all this while the sparrows have
gathered in shoals along Upper Broad
way, claimed every cornice and win
dow top for their own, and make it
indiscreet to have open windows or
hang things outside and a haunting
worry to walk the streets. !
New York's Shipping Decline.
Figures which have lust been com I
piled on the shipping of the port of
New York for the year 1912 show in
striking form what may be In fact
the decline of New York as the coun
try's greatest seaport That is what
has been prophesied by more than a
few of the business men of the city
who have been Insistent in their de
mands for longer piers and a general
enlargement of the facilities of tho
port The records of the barge office
show that during the year 9519 vessels
arrived in port, a decrease of exactly
200 from the previous year's record.
(Continued from preceding paeei
handbag, is the introduction of dia
mond studded shoe heels. A well
known dancer is responsible for this
idea. Her dream, it appears. Is to
abandon shoes for sandals, so that he
may be able to adorn her feet with
rings in the classical manner, but as
this seems impracticable in the muddy
Paris streets, she is considering a com.
promise in the shape of be-dlamonded
heels. Her suggestion, which is be
lieved to have had a transatlantic in
spiration, has been welcomed with a
chorus of approval in theatrical circles.
TER OF I. & G-. N. RY.
Austin. Tex.. Jan. 11. The affairs of
the International and Great Northern
railway are to be investigated by the
legislature. It may terminate in the
forfeiture of tlie charter of the com
pany. This is tl'.e result of a lengthy
conference held between the governor
and chairman Mayfield. of the rail
road commission, chairman Mayfield
produced figures showing that the in
crease in the earnings ot the Interna
tional are abnormal and the commis
sion seems to scent a combination of
that road with other lines, in viola
tion of the stock and bond laws.
Tucson. Ariz., Jan. 11. The board or
supervisors has revoked the commis
sion held bv Clay Mayhew to act as
1. pui sheriff at the Korn Kob mine
Vi w iins am Iah. w was fantU $-'
for d'-tur'ino the ptace.
Now is the time when you
should make the most of your
"chicken money," and if your
hens are not producing it's be
cause you are not giving them
the proper feed. For the most
eggs a hen must be given
Oats. Wheat. Barley, Cracked Corn, Sun-
flower Seed, Milo Maiz, Kaffir Corn
Perfection Hen and Chick Food
Contains all of the above grains and seeds
properly proportioned to meet the needs of the
thriving fowl.
Will produce more eggs RIGHT NOW than
any other feed in the country and we can
prove it to you with your own hens.
DON'T DBLAY try it now. Get the most
iegg3 while eggs
all grocers.
V4- -iaE
Cram, Seeds Sr PoulUy
105 N.
Gras .
$35.25 For
On sale Jan. 26 to Feby. 2nd Limit Feby: 14th.
Will be extended to March 3rd upon payment of $1.00 at New
New York and
Continued From Previous Fage.)
of 36 insurance companies, including
all the larger corporations of that char
acter which were doing business in
Texas. As a direct result, however, of
this wholesale exodus of foreign in
surance companies, many home compa
nies were organized and have, built tip
a large business. It is now proposed
that the foreign insurance companies
be invited to reenter Texas. Judge W.
F. Ramsey, who resigned from the state
supreme court to make the race for
governor and who "was defeated for
nomination by Mr. Colquitt, is an earn
est advocate of the repeal of the com
pulsory investment feature of the in
surance law. In discussing this mat
ter he says in part:
"I would, if I were in the legisla
ture, so amend our insurance laws as
to dispense with the compulsory invest
ment feature, and in lieu thereof adopt
a graduated tax, wnicn would encour
age and by such encouragement induce
such companies to enter this state.
"Texas needs nothing so mhch as
cheap money in large volumes. As it
now stands, none of these companies
will Invest a dollar of their, money in
bonds of any character in this state,
the five percent bonds of many other
states sell for par and accrued interest
and attractive bonds bring a premium,
while it is a lamentable fact that with
rare exceptions the bonds issued in our
state must be sold at a discount. If
these enormous sources of money of
these companies could be Induced to
absorb our bonds, it would afford a
ready market for all such securities
and would mean a saving to the people
in the way of discounts of an enor
mous sum."
May Cnt Railroad Fare.
Another effort will be made at the
coming session of the legislature to
enact a daw reducing the passenger I
aso s Opportunity
When the E. P. & S. TV. lines reached here was
"With this new railroad here is now at hand and we
are grasping it
The opportunities for conservative investors are attractive, being based
on its steadyfhealthy growth, unrivaled railway facilities, rich farm lands
mineral wealth and wonderfully favorable climatie eesditioBs.
Tucson is Forging Ahead
For it has the limitless possibilities behind it which make for & successful
and live metropolis. It has a population of 20,000. Railway shoos employ -inff
hundreds of men are located here. We have the SUteUBiversity.
School facilities are unequalled. , "
At an elevation of 2,400 feet, Tucson has a year-round, wifom delicht
ful chtnate. Oome and investigate the opportunities here at every hand;
motor throut the beautiful surrounding ewmtry and see the historic and
ancient San Xavier Mission, the scenic, pine-clad Santa Catalm Mountains
and other beautiful points of interest.
46 North Stone Ave.
are highest.. JPor sale by
New Orleans,
the Round
Return $95.00
Mother Gray's Street PowdeH Xor Children, a
Ceruln relief for Fererishness, Headache, Bad
Stoaseh, Teething Disorders, xaove and regaUia
the Bowels and Destroy Worm. Ther break n?
coMa in H hocrs. They are bo pieaunt to th
taste Children like them. Orer 1&W0 testimonial
Ifeed 07 Mothers for23 years. Xity nestr fan.
SoldbyaUDniggista, S5c Sample mailed YSSS.
Address, AHeaS. Otasted, le Boy, H. T.
there is no popular demand tor legis
lation of this character, it is stat.tl
that the proposed bill promises to re
ceive strong support in both the house
and senate. Commercial bodies of the
state as well as the public element
generally are opposed to any reducli a
being made in the railroad passenger
fare at thys time. It is believed that
even should such a bill be passed by
the legislature, it would be vetoed by
governor Colquitt. It is. claimed y
the railroads that notwithstanding the
extraordinary large crop yields and
general prosperity of the state, the
net earnings of their respective line3
have been much below what is con
sidered a reasonable profit This un
satisfactory financial condition of the
railroads is due chiefly, it is claimed.
to oppressive regulations and laws tha
are strictly enforced by the railroad
May Affect Road Building.
The construction of extensions of
existing lines and the promoting f
new railroad projects in Texas dur-'?
the next two years will depend larg
upon the attitude shown towards th s
character of corporation by the legis
lature. It is reliably stated that if th?
stock and bond law Is amended to me?t
the views and requirements of t. e
railroads and if no legislation of an
injurious character is enacted, again-t
their properties there will be an u.
precedented amount of railroad con
struction in Texas during the next few
It has been pointed out from tirrs
to time by B. F. Yoakum, chairman of
the Frisco, and E. P. Ripley, presidei t
of the Santa Fe, that there are needed
in western rexas alone 20.000 add -tionai
miles of Vailroad In order to
Tucson, Arizona.

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