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El Paso herald. (El Paso, Tex.) 1901-1931, February 17, 1913, Image 1

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Fair Tonight and Tuesday;
Colder Tuesday. (
Monday Evening
February 17, 191312 Pages
$. -
9 LUL I.U llU BBS is, 1 I B 1.1 3 2 Jl I I I.S11U
Taft Says U. S. Is Becoming Extremely Pessimistic
Over Conditions in Mexico, Replying to Appeal From
Madero Not to Intervene, but to Give Government
Chance to Whip Rebels and Restore Peace.
President Taft s reply to Ma
dera's appeal to withhold
American intervention in Mexico, sent
by telegraph, -was made paMie by secre
tary Knox today as follows:
"From yonr excellency's telegram
-which reached me the 14th, it appeared
that your excellency was somewhat mis
informed as to the policy of the United
States towards Mexico, which has been
uniform for two years, or as to the naval
measures thus far taken, which are
measures of natural precaution. The
American ambassador telegraphs that
vhen you 'were good enough to show
liim your telegram to me, he pointed out
tins fact.
-You must be aware that reports that
appear to have reached you that orders
have already been given to send forces.
are inaccurate. Fresh assurances of
friendship to Mexico are unnecessary
after two years of proof of patience and
jjood wHl.
"In view of the special friendship and
relations between the two countries, I
cannot too strongly impress upon yonr
excellency the vital importance of early
establishment of that peace and order
-which this government has long hoped
to see. both because American citizens
and their property must be protected
and respected, and also because this na
tion sympathises deeply with the afflic
tions of the Mexican people.
"In reciprocating the anxiety shown I
in your message, I feel id my duty to J
add, and, without reserve, that the course 1
r x- j : a.. . X n 1
u eveuu UBfiOK fce fntev twu jreajra, cul
minating - in the most disastrous situa
tion in your capital, creates in this coun
try extreme pessimism.
"Wb, H. Taft"
Madera's Message te Taft.
President Madqtafc Magnate to pre&i-
dent Taft Saturday asking the American
government not to intervene was as fol-
"I have been informed that the gov- j
eminent over which your excellency pre- ,
sides has ordered to set out for ports of ,
Mexico war vessels with troops to dis
embark and come to this capital to give
guarantees of safety to Americans.
Says Information Inexact
"Undoubtedly the information which
you have and which led you to take this
action is inexact and exaggerated, for
the lives of Americans in this capital are
at present in bo daatrer if they will
abandon the zone of fire and concentrate
in certain points of the city or its sub
urbs where tranquility is absolute and
where the government can. give all
classes guarantees.
"Dangers Can Be Obviated."
"If you order American residents here
to do that, .following the precedent es
tablished by your own orders previously
issued, danger te the lives of Americana
and other foreigners will be obviated.
"Regarding what material damages
may be suffered -v foreigners,
this government is ready to accept all
responsibility, according to the obliga
tions of international law.
Would Cause Conflagration.
"Consequently, I ask your excellency
to order your menofwar not to disem
bark troops in Mexico, as this act will
cause a conflagration and terrible con
sequences of more extent than the ones
we nave to contend with at present.
Taking Necessary Measures.
"I assure your excellency that this
government is taking all measures neces
sary' in order that the rebels in tiie arse
nal will do the least harm possible to
lives and property in the capital and 1
have hopes that everything will be
peacefully arranged in a very short time.
Troops Would Increase Danger.
"It is true that my country at -this
time is passing through a terrible crisis.
The disembarkation of American troops
worfd only increase the dangerous situa
tion and tfould do a great harm to a
nation which has always been a loyal
friend to the United States, as well as
Tjgnfcrjhrt to the . dangers, sunaaafa; -AST
establishing of uktrough -democratic
goTeranxnit similar to fiat of the great
Arerkn nation.
Appeals to "Just Sentiments."
"I appealyte the equitabis, just sentT
ments that have been the criterion of
your government; and that undoubtedly
represents be sentiments of the great
American people whose ' destinies you
have guided with so much skill and 'patriotism."
Mexico City Mex., Feb 17. Fighting throughout the morning was very
heavy. The big calibe guns in the arsenal were almost constantly in use.
The federal artillery brought another big siege gun into action, but did not succeed
in silencing the rebel fire. '
The fighting was resumed Sunday night, following a truce over part of Sunday,
to enable the foreigners to be removed.
The engagement was very severe almost till noon, but the firing then dwindled
and developed into an exchange of volleys of rifle bullets. The rebels tried to pick
off the federal artillerymen as they were serving the guns.
Brisk fighting continued this afternoon. There are indications, however, of de
velopments of a character that may relieve the situation to a measurable degree. It
is not possibleto transmit details on account of the close censorship. The firing today
equaled in severity the heaviest fighting of last week.
Mutual charges of violation of the armistice in Mexico City led to its termina
tion at 7 oclock last night and the renewal of fighting.
The Madero government has planted dynamite near the citadel and moved can
non during the armistice.
Many American residents, with their nerves shaken by the almost constant firing
of shrapnel during the last week, departed yesterday and today in the direction of
Vera Cruz. The danger rone was practically deserted today by soldiers.
The American embassy water supply was cut off yesterday. Diaz has ample
supplies, but the government is short.
The German legation has been partially destroyed.
Desertion from the government side to tfie rebels is going on.
The United States embassy and the district surrounding it, in which there are
many American residents, was not touched by any projectiles after the removal of
the federal battery, which had heretofore drawn the fire of the rebel gunners at the
arsenal. .
.1.1 II.. ,-.- I I I .... II . I I ! " !- . - - ' I I .1 I 1
Over Two Thousand Marines at Veracruz on Board War
ships, Ready to Land at a Moment's Notice All
News Is Censored and Very Little Is Coming Even
From the American Ambassador.
ILBGING that "the rebels and J. E. Rheio and ""H. O. Wilson, in an
their sympathizers, the numerous
" gamblers in the citj and their
sympathizers, and the ocfice force and
its sympathizers" have entered into a
combination that is dangerous to him,
I.E. Ross, indicted on a charge of rob
ber by assault, -with the use of fire
irms, when arraigned for trial in the
"4th district court Monday morning
filed an application for a change of
J toss, in his application, alleges that
because of these alleged facts, it would
be impossible for him to secure a fair
and impartial jury. The application
comes as one of the first sensations
vomised in the trial of Ross, and his
lodefendants, V. L. Snyder, and C. P.
Pitman, who are indicted jointly with
him on complaints growing out of the
holdup at the Hotel McCoy on the
nisht of Jan. 13.
To strengthen his request for a
change of venue. Ross set out in his
application that while as special agent
for the United States government, em
plo ed in ferreting out crimes com
mitted b the citizens of El Paso, he
had been responsible for acquiring in
formation that resulted in the finding
of indictments against influential cit
izens Ey that, he alleged that he
had incurred their ill will and hatred.
Av a detective for the Western Detect
affidavit attached to the application,
stated that the facts set out in the docu
men are true, and that they know of
such a prejudice against Ross. In view
of these facts and the dangerous com
bination which they alleged existed
againeX the delendant, they state that
they do not believe that he can secure a
fair and impartial trial. P.heln and
"Wilson, were summoned to testify to the
facts they swore to in the affidavit.
In addition to asking ror a change
of venue, Ross, who stands indicted
Jointly with Snyder and Pitman, made
an application for a severance. The ar
gument on this motion came up for a
hearing at 11:20 o'clock Monday morn
ing It was argued that a severance
in this instance would operate as a
continuance in the case of Snyder and
Pitman. Judge Dan M. Jackson with
held his decision until 2 o'clock Mon
day afternoon. The application for the
venue will be brought up later.
Motion for a severance was overruled
by Judge Jackson Monday afternoon.
Ross was brought intc the courtroom
at 9 .'lock Monday morning by deputy
sheriff Jere Dubose. He appeared
cheerful and shook hands with several.
Later Mrs. Ross, accompanied by Mrs.
.T' . Rhein. arrived. Mrs. Ross went
directly up to Ross, and Ross shook
I hands with her. Mrs. Ross, like her
ie agencj, Ross alleged that he earned j husband, appeared to be in a cheerful
on the same work, and persons whose
names he stated he thought he naa
h tter withhold at this time, stand
j-iuicted on the information he fur
nished m the federal court, on charges
of smuggling and conspiring to smug
gle ammunition into Mexico.
B reason or his investigations
in tases where persons had violated
i law M unlawfully running gambl-n-r
houses, pool halls and places of
i e. Ross further alleged that he had
iniurred the enmity of all engaged in
suih and further that he had incurred
th" hatred and malice of the police
i' partment. That there is an al
led connection existing between the
ponce department, the, city administra-
von. and those guilty of violation of
the gaming jaws, is charged in the
application Ross also alleged in hi3
'-plication, that he had reason to be
lief that the police officers and the
gamblers have a secret understanding
with one another and among them-sches.
1. Question What letters of the
alphabet came too late for supper?
2 Q. What is. that which, sup
posing its greatest breadth to be
four inches, length nine inches, and
depth three inches, yet contains a
solid foot?
3. Q. What is that which has
many leaves' and no stem?
4. Q Why is the letter F like an
5. Q How much dirt can be
taken from a hole one foot deep, one
foot in length and two feet In
Answers will be found under their
appropriate numbers scattered
through the Classified Advertising
Mining Counties Want to Re
t tain Land While Agricul
turists Want to Sell It.
PHOENIX. ARIZ, Feb. 17. As this
session of the legislature prog
resses it becomes more and more
evident that, outside the taxation
measures, land legislation is going to
give the most trouble and concern.
All the members of the legislature ad
mit that the disposition of the state's
lands is a matter of vital importance,
and there are sharp divisions ove
how it shall be accomplished, v
Generally speaking, the legislators
from the raining counties are in favor
of holding indefinitely all the lands
owned by the state. They declare that
they are for conservation of the state's
land resources and contend that the
proper way to conserve is not to sell
an acre.
Fanners Urge Sale of Lands.
The solons rrom the agricultural
counties want to sell part of the land
as soon as possible to raise money to i
carry on the state government. They i
(aim mat tne way to conserve is not
to let it lie idle but to lease or sell
it to farmers, who will make it pro
ductive. Four bills affecting the state's lands
have been introduced. Probably the
most important is the senate bill in
troduced by Roberts, of Cochise. It de
fines the duties of the atate land com
mission and provides for the leasing
of lands, not for their sale.
"Sell off part of the land now and
save the rest of it." argue opponents
or the measure. "The state needs
money now as badly as it will need
'i me iuture. aim hv nth. -t
Juan If. ("Kid") Porras, a rebel chief, and 20 of his followers, were executed
Saturday at Hormigas ranch on the line of the Orient railway near Chihuahua
city. Federal troops also captured 47 others of the Porras, group, who ere taken
to the state capital today
Porras was a member of Gen. Pascual Orozco's original staff, bat recently
has been operating independently. To him have been accredited many outrages,
including the cremation in a burning station house of three Mexican Central rail
way employes at Gallegi last week. It is said that Porras was executed on orders
of Gen. Antonio Rabago, and that it met the approval of the rebel general, Marcello
Caraveo, who has made a truce with the federals at Chihuahua city.
possible to obtain title to some of our
richest agricultural land we will en
courage immigration."
t Sef to Consere School Land.
.- u . "oh, representative Gra
ham has introduced a bill to submit to
ie.J?Sople.? constitutional amendment
3 "If thaJ n8 ool land shall be
wii -i" ,s "M,e chance that the
bill will be passed.
senator Worsley has introduced a
ESS?? the nt or itooo
t tht Ti.!1 ,n M"copa couu
iJ now f np? noal school. It
will fi.i? Jff1-" committee and
. ,.Ught Wttrty by the Mari-
t. "SBisuwors.
Satu.ve'LI'aBd n,U Opposed.
r 5Z th senate had something
making LSior beaJ MU
?HlJt,IM?te"e ' state lands to
AX ANTONIO, lex, Feb. 17. The Third cavalry at Fort Sam Houston was
today ordered from Washington to hold itself in readiness to entrain for
Galveston, prepared for foreign service.
Orders te the Third cavalry today are part of the general plan of the army
general staff to have troops in readiness for immediate movement The Third
cavalry is a portion of the newly orginazed First cavalry brigade at Fort Sara
Houston. The Second and Fourteenth cavalry also are attached te this brigade.
The entire regiment of the Second is at Fort Bliss, Tex, and the Fourteenth is
distributed between Forts Clark and Mcintosh, Tex, and Haifa, Tex., doing border
patrol duty.
Philadelphia, Pa, Feb. 17. It was reported at the Philadelphia navy yard
this afternoon that orders had been issued for the mobilization of 2000 marines
to be drawn from the several naval stations on the Atlantic coast. Reticence pre
vails at the yard and official confirmation could not be had.
There are 690 marines at the Philadelphia station and it is said 2000 could
be assembled there within four days. Officers said this afternoon that the yard
has been ready for days for instant actios.
Norfolk. Va Feb. 17. Sixty marines under Lieut Case have been ordered to
leave here tonight for Philadelphia to join other marine forces being mobilized
there from stations on the Atlantic coast
Nw York, N. Y, Feb. 17. In response to orders issued for the mobilization
at Philadlphia, the Brooklyn navy yard will send 324 mariaes to that city en the
first train tomorrow morning. They will be in command of Lieut CoL J. A. Le
Boston, Mass, Feb. 17. Capt DeWitt Coffman, commandant of the Charles
town naw vard. received orders at 3:15 oclock this afternoon to send all the
marines at the yard to Philadelphia immediately. The available marines number
150 and they will leave at 5:30 this afternoon.
Washington, D. C, Feb. 17. The purpose of the mbiliatioB of the marines
at Philadelphia which began today is to concentrate 2000 of these troops at
Guantanamo. The transport is to sail with 1200 as soon as she can be leaded; the
other 800 are to sail on the naval transport Prairie. '
Marines from the Washington barracks are to join those from Norfolk, Phila
delphia, New York and Boston. y
BROWNSVILLE, Tex., Feb. 17. Without serious xesiataBce, Matameras, the
Mexican towns across the border, passed into the hands of Mexican rebels at
- o ociock uns morning. . .
This is the second border town to be occupied by the rebels since the Diaz ;
revolt, the other being Nuevo Laredo, where CoL Pascual Urosce, sr, is &am . .
in control now. The federal troops turned over to Diaz, and CoL Orozco is said
to have marched in with a few rebel followers and to have' been received as tn
leader and commander of the new rebel garrison.
The international bridge was opened and the Americans who were caught on the
other side when Matameras was taken are being allowed to return to Brownsville.
Officers under the Madero government who were arrested upon taking oath
of allegiance to Diaz, were released and were in most eases given their old posi
tions. . . . ..
It is ramored that the soldiers at Rio Bravo and Reywsa, Mexico, have jotaea
the Diaz movement '
S? SrSi s fi-M.WSSSi.E
ii.,7i r.'"."B,y scientific or
uuniflaaa a
the bill nrovMr- proy,S10? l
nJS, r any otlr purpose.
;ii-manaBcrs WiU not Prmit it to De
V2E tl 8t,ru5turf" on rented groun.l
Before the laboratory is enlarged titlo
to toe ground must be given
The public lands eom-inttee prfent '1
two reports on the Hughes bill Tai
majoriu report. signed b Da i
Pace. Worsle, and Brown i, thit
the bill should pass Kobert II r
rison and W' ssel signed a minority r -port,
arguing that no at t ion lv n.l -e
taken on the measure till the state's
land policy was definitely settled.
By a bare vote of two-thirds the
measure was placed On the calendar
for the committee of the whole.
"Want to Divide Maricopn Conntr.
Orange county has been heard from
House bill No. 33, the purpose of which
is to dnide Maricopa county into two
parts ard call one of them Orange with
Me&a as its capital, was introduced in
the house Saturda h representative
Orange t-ounty is to include all of
Maricopa county south of the Gila and
Salt rivers It is also to include Scotts
oale. the Mazatzal mountains and much
other terntor east of Phoenix. The
uiu iiiurs tnat a line running
straight north from a point on Salt
ner four miles southeast of Phoenix
shall be Mam opa s new eastern boun-
Methods of establishing the new
county, of transferring necessary rec- j
o:ds from the Maricopa county court
house, and of dn,.hp the indebtedness, I
are laid down in the hill I
Coconino Game Preserve. j
f-p'aker Lnmj, 1 requ. t, n.iro-J
duced a bill creating .P0,"""0
statTame preserve" out of a portion
of NaTjJT and Coconino counties, in
?J -iJArfS. k.... nhevellon creek and
Ji .-. in This preserve
peoaurfor"th7herf of elk imported
from Wyoming. The bill will pass
w ltuout opposition. .
Dill No. 34 was Introauoetl by the
committee on state institutions. I
pies the adjutant general authority
To use monev out of the military fund
to build an armory in anycity or town
where the people gusrantee half the
lost of the structure.
To Transfer Funds.
The committee on state accounting
and methods of business reported fa
ir -,hi, , hill to permit the state
running i tieasufer to transfer $1400 temporarily
from the general rami xo tne iimei ti
ane ta fund This bill was later
tako,, up in . ommittee of the whole and
la-ed on I ivorably , . ,, , A
W he i I-v in li's medical bill was intro
duced the'second time it was referred
to the committee on judiciary. That
mmitire n i ommended that the meas
uit h -int to the committee on pub-
Led. on l'age Five )
WASHINGTON, D. C, Feb. 17. Resolutions asking president Taft to trans
mit te congress ssch facts regarding coaditioee in Mexico City as may
not be incompatible with the public interest, were introduced today by
senator Ashurst, of Arizona, and lepreseatatiye Ayxes, of New York.
Fighting has resumed in Mexico City between the Madero and Dia forces
behind the veil of a rigorous censorship which cuts off news dispatches and limits
official news.
President Taft has replied to Madero's plea for non-intervention, saying bo or
ders for landing American troops have bees given; pointing oat "the vital impor
tance of 'the early establishment of peace and order," and that "the present para
mount duty is the prompt relief of the situation."
Consuls throughout Mexico report the populace quiet, awaiting news of a de
cisive action in Mexico City.
Rear admiral Southerland, aboard the cruiser Colorado, has moved from
Mazatlan to Manzanillo, where an anti-American desoastration was reported.
President Madero sent personal messages to Washington saying he "expected a
definite result soon."
The United States menofwar Vermont and Nebraska, were due at Veracruz.
Preparations for moving the first army brigade aad the marines rested.
Anxiety is felt among congressmen because of activity of British influences
at the Mexican capitaL While, up to a certain point, the ceoperatis of other
nations in efforts to restore peace in Mexico are welcomed, on the ether hand these
efforts can reach where foreign governments will demand that the United States
accept the consequences of the Monroe doctrine aad send troops te the Mexican
capital or let the foreign governments do it This would force iaterveatiea.
With bo direct news dispatches from Mexico City aad only one dispatch from
ambassador Wilson, which said fighting had been resumed aad that the armistice
had been broken, president Taft and other officials waited in anxiety.
Oaly one dispatch from ambassador Wilson came over night It was brief and
confirmed last night's sews dispatch, saying fighting had resumed.
Madero telegraphed close friends in Washington today that he expected defi
nite results very soon. These dispatches? came through promptly. The Mexican
embassy declared that bo dispatches whatever had beea received there, aad that X
was depeadiag oa outside dispatches for news of fighting.
SBday the ves a txacejor atime, daring which the dtfJfersafc iwsiga am
a4fLMMLmSs!:Ms2 fiaun. fh fiaiK- .. jfe. ?
iraCraz aWaelsewSrrp' 3FfT7Tri Huomai i. .- ITTL -?
aad can take boats lea-nag for the United States. T3m fightfag was resumed San-
(lay aXiQlTBVvIL
The pJan to send aa expeditionary force from Galveston has beea confronted
with some difficulties in securing merchant ships. .
It may be decided te send some of the transports at Newport News aroHBd to
Rear admiral 'SaBrfcerland fommjndar of tw n(L. nni t.' v xt lt.
, -- "- -. j.x. iron, b smc won me
cruiser Colorado from Masatkn to Manzanillo, in response ta a request of the
United States consul there, who reported an anti-Americaa demoBstratkw. The
big ship saOed last sight and should have arrived there early today
Maj. Gea. Wood issued a statement last sight that the waste army is ready
The bureau of operations for the navy department aaaoaaces that it has a
fighting force of 4000 men ready to land at a minute's aotke upon the east coast
of Mexico. Of these 3000 bluejackets aad marines are statwaed off Voracraz aad
1000 more at Tampico.
Renewed activity in preparations for a possible troop aovemeat to Mexico
wic indicated today ia hurried orders to the array transport Meade at Newport
News to sail te the Philadelphia navy yard. Expeditioas of marines -nasally
ar assembled here.
The seadisg of the Meade to' Philadelphia leaves the transports McClelland
and Sumner provisioned aad ready for the transportation of the first brigade of
the first army corps. )
The dreadnoughts Vermont aad Nebraska, with rear admiral Fletcher aboard
the Vermont, pat in at Veracruz today at 8 a. m, briagiag the total aamber of
United States warships there up to three, aad the force of jackies, officers and
mariaes available for landing up te 2100.
That the senate foreign relations committee is agaiast rntervestiea ia Mexico
is made plain by a poll of that body today. This shews senators Cullem, Root,
Borah, Lodge, McCumber, Burton, Dilhagham, Bacoa, Hitchcock aad Stoae agaiast
intervention. Senators Smith of Michigan, Southerland, Clarke of Arkansas, aad
0'Gormaa would aot commit themselves.
This sentiment in the committee is predicated oa the situation getting bo
worse. So loag as there is bo organised attack oa Americans aad foreign residents
in Mexico, the committee will oppose extreme measures. Should there be a. serious
massacre of American or foreign residents, the seatimeat ia the committee would
change speedily.,
John Hays Hammond, iaterested ia investments ia Mexico, representing more
than $20,000,000, dees aot think the time yet has cobm lac iaterveBtioB.
I have Bet as yet seea the necessity of intervention,'' he said today. Myt
friends aad. I recognize oaly the government de facte."
Intervention today sifted dowa te two coatiageacies, devetapmeat of which
would change president Taft's determination te keep "hands off. If communica
tion is cut off from Mexico City aad if Americaas lose their Eves through a delib
erate attack by either rebels or federals, then the United States wOl step in.
Otherwise there is every disposition today oa the part of the admiaistratioa to let
the situation work itseif out.
a the amy or aavy departments everythiag possible has beea dose. A "flash"
order will be sufficient to start the movement of troops.
Denouncing sentiment ia favor of Americas intervention ia Mexico, representa
tive Prince, of IfHaois, said ia the house today, "Oar place is at hoa, &vr our
own busiaess."
"Oar country, ia my judgment," he said, "is goiag eat into the world as a tag
policeman. Oar place is at home, aotwithstaadiBg the rambles dowa there ia
Mexico. We had our election here ia this ceaatry aad it was by ballots, and we
announced the result on the floor of this house, aad the conatry acquiesced in it.
Their method seems to be by bullets and if our bystanders are ia the way when
they are electing their men dowa there ia those fereint coantnes, let taem get
2y "? fv " Amerieaa Mood aad American bone and Ameri
can maahood sent there, for the benefit ef American exporters, to destwy their
lives, as seems to be in the air."
Ambassador Wilson telegraphed to the state departmeat at 11 a. m, February
16, that the armistice that had been arranged the previous night was stfli in force
and that there was great activity la removing foreigners from the imager sone
and arranging for the traasportatioE of many women aad children to the Uaited
Reports iadkated that losses on the Diaz side had aot beea great and the rebel
liaes bad beea exteaded in one direction beyond the palace to the ministry of
gebenacioa, which they had taken, aad m the other direction as far as the German
- Cueraavaca is reported taken by the Zapatistas.
Th president of the National railway has reported to the AnKican ambassador
that the road aorth of Monterey is ia the hands of the rebels.
Consuls at Durango, Fronteras, Juarez, Nogales, Hermosillo and Saltillo Teport
those places quiet. From Juarez the report is that there is no change ia the sitna-
i ont'nj. I un page 4.)

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