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El Paso herald. (El Paso, Tex.) 1901-1931, April 26, 1913, Week-End Edition, Section B, Image 9

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Real Estate and Too Late To Classify
Real Estate and Too Late To Classify
New York's Sewage Dispos
al Plans Call For $37,000,
000 in Expenditures.
EW YORK, N. Y.. April 26.
Plans for a. great sewage dis
posal plant which will involve
the building of a new island three
miles out at sea and the expenditure
of more than $37,000,000 for its com
pletion and the purification of all the
city's waters, have been completed
her., which when they are finally put
into effect, will give this city ' the
most efficient sewage disposal sys
tem in the country.
At present the city's sewage flows
into the rivers in which a great part
remains, carried back and forth by
the tide, instead of going out to sea.
Under the new plan, however, this will
al! be done away with. Broadly
speaking this remarkable plan -calls
for a 12 foot tunnel under Brooklyn
to an island to be built in the shall
ower waters three miles out at sea,
ofi Coney Island Through this tun
nel the sewage would be pumped to
the new island where all the impurl
t'es would be eliminated before it is
finallv allowed to flow into the ocean.
The cost of buiunng the island has
been placed at $I.eM and its di
mensions as now planned axe 1800
feet in length by 1000 feet in width,
gi ing. an area of about 40 acres. A
harbor will be provided for tanK
steamers which will be employed as
carriers of the sludge removed from
he water before it is allowed' tT flow
into the sea.
Nevr Lines of Graft.
X. w lines of organized graft have
erri developed so rapidly here since
a-- beginning of the investigation of
.le police department that it takes
s -nettling out of the ordinary to make
New York sit up ana taice nonce
Tiowever, the discovery of organised
v't among the drivers of the dellv
v vr-cons of the c!tvs merchants
amounting, it is believed, to $2,000,000
c year is attracting nracn aueuuuu
ard the baring of the whole situation
T9j'l be closely followed.
Esistait district attorney Brothers
tos btg-un the investigation as the re-
of the statements of one man who
nfessed to receiving stolen property
a t our ting to more than 150,000 and
rev, aled a System of thefts to the dls--ri-t
attorney which would account for
1 .e more than $2,000,000 worth of
goods the Merchants 'association says
is stolen yearly from reputable busi
ress houses here.
Howl Is Raised.
"With the selection of the plans for
-v.- -e--vc, si 9. am m4L. rnMrthoaae as
a 'result of the competition in wfcleal
Tiractically all the country's most prnn-r-ent
architects have been engaged, a
iiowl of criticism has arisen here as
h.e opening of a controversy which
r remises to Involve the whole archl
ertural profession, to say nothing or
the public. - ,.
Of course, some persons Jave been
' zJclnd enough to hint that the J600.000
re which goes to the successful archl--
may be largely responsIWe tor the
r-r tlclsms of disgruntled competitors
i a matter of fact, however, the chief
, jp lies in the fact that the success-
1 plans call for a Tound building, pat
terned somewhat after the Coliseum of
-etrt Rome, a type practically un-L-r-wn
In this part of the world. EVer
s-e the awarn was msae u"'";:
1 Te been pouring in pointing out all
srts of real or fancied defects.
New York never has had a. business
tn -sing of this shape and floes not
1-rscw quite what to make of It. and
a rrooaoie ui ""..""tl i
w IT rage iiercij we .-.
"Wife I Higaer aouio-w.
Sonsinlaw throughout the -country
-- 1 daughterstniaw as wen """"-
'v..ji w intArMted in a decision
::-i-a Vior-o tn the effect that theJ
- . Al u.tlia.tnlflW la the
iw e ana noi me mvi.aiu.n ..----
g'ler authority in the home that is.
c- r-nurse, from a legal standpoint As
- matter of fact this crushing blow
To tb motherinlaw system resulted
-oa the complaint ef a wife who left
r husband's home and refused to re
trgas long as his mother lived with
In rendering this remarkable de
sr. the judge d:-7p.ile the law
I Jes not compi ui & w o,,,.v. - -
-tae1 in his nome. yet " rewe"
s privilege so to do If circumstances
ike It necessary. The plaintiff in
s case has' not sufficient income to
i '-tain two homes, and the mother
Iras n-t the means nor ",- --
Tersell. unaer merw miiiuiu.
- . i.ctified in nroviding a Place lor
-Vln his own home, provided she rec-
7 that mace ana Keeps iu mua
- can have no say whatever regard
- tbe management and control or
-" ho-ne this belongs to the wife, and
' ve husband's mother makes discord
t vtre there should be harmony, in-
-"cres with the wiles conuui mu
- -agement, even at the request of
- . Tr.Tr . nwn imoroner con-
t and thoughtless language makes
" 'home unpleasant and distressing
i tf-e defendant, then the wife will be
stified In leaving ner nusoana mm
r luring support from him else-
Teaching Blind Children.
The remarkable steps which have
r n made in this dty in the education
. blind children nave jaBt been evl--,ced
bv a striking report showing
e progress of those in the public
nools where they come into active
- mncUtion with normal children.
Tntirelv aside from institutions de
z -1 solely to the education of the
1 the lower graoes oi me puwiic
- i .is now contain no leas than 145
- g-l ie!S pupils who are being taught
' fin and sav and learn all that their
jr - fortunate brothers and sisters
i- doing and saying and learning.
"Tr-rTiPrs of the same classes, where
are given the very same tasks and
,-rc judged as severely, the blind chil-
"-rn are proving themselves remart-
' 'v rroficient. eager and quick. Ac-
- is? to Miss Bingham, who has
-e of the work for the blind
- 'ils in the board of education, there
-Tf rlentv of examples of these little
ji'irtunates who are actually leading
lr r lasses "There is no partiality
,t :t " maintains Miss Bingham, "for
lark them Just as strictly as we
tie other children. They are all in
r come room, the sighted and the
-,) T7p -make no distinguishing seg-
t tions We make them forget that
" are blind. "When the others have
ir nelling le-5!on the blind children
Tf tKeir spelling, too. There Is
'nn-r that we cannot teach them
sm uitaneouslv excepting penman-
P Rid drawinp" Bven in athletics
FT-it of equality is being de-
ir'd an1 onr- blind bov who is an
, member of the Public School
tH.tic league actually participates in
con testa
Music ( InbK te M-et en Coast
April .5 Los Angeles
d a the meeting plate i
wntion of the national l
a k,i itib ,
Establishment of Methodist
Church in America Due to
Barbara Heck.
ASHTNGTON. D. C, April 26.
The establishment of the great
Methodist church in America
owes much to the devoted energy of
Barbara Heck who was one of the
early converts of John "Wesley. She
succeeded in Interesting a number of
people sufficiently to give subscrip
tions toward the erection of a church
for the new denomination. The
building on John street in New York
was the first Methodist church built
ir America. Most of the labor con
nected with the building -was done by
her cousin, Philip Embury, the pastor
of the church, but Barbara Heck is
credited with having whitewashed the
walls with her own hands.
American women have been most ac
tive in the foreign mission field, car
rying the Christian religion'to every
land which would receive them. The
laws of many countries prohibited
women from receiving instruction from
a man, but the woman missionary
would be received and welcomed. Mary
Lyon, the founder of Mt. Holyoke sem
inary, was one of the leaders in re
ligious missionary zeaL For years not
a class graduated from her seminary
which did not include one or more
missionaries ready for the field, and
it is said that during the first six
years of her presidency, not a pupil
left the school without a firm relig
ious faith.
I Revival of Church Custom.
The order of deaconesses, which
now exists in a number of the Protest
ant churches, is a revival of the ear
lier church custom which had fallen
into disuse for centuries. The first of
the modern deaconess houses was
founded at Kaiserwerth, Germany, in
1SJ6, by pastor Theodore Fliedner. of
tne united Evangelical church. The
yu iiBituiiiss institution was es
tablished in London, in 1861. as a part
of the Church of England, and the
Churoh of Scotland adopted the office
wi deaconess in iss-88.
In America the first sisterhood was
in the parish of the Holy communion
of New York. It was initiated In 1S45
and fully established in 1857. It was
authorised by Dr. Muhlenberg and
bishop Potter. A deaconess sisterhood:
also was organized in Mobile, in 1864.
The canon providing for the regular es
stablishment of the order of deacon
esses was passed for the Episcopal
churches in America in 1889 and build
irge for deaconesses training schools
were begun in New York and Phila
delphia in 1900 and 1901.
lrt Methodist. Training School, .
The MethoOlsf church authorised the
establishment of the-order in its de
nomination in the general conference of
1888, and the first training school of
that church was the Elizabeth Gam
ble Deaconess Home ODened in Cin
cinnati the same year. Most of the
large cities now have deaconess homes
of several denominations, and the uni
forms of the deaconesses are recogn! sed
everywhere. Their work includes every
thing calculated to Improve unfor
tunate humanity.
In large cities the deaconesses are
doing valiant work for the arrest of
the social evil. Sometimes they visit
police stations, attend juvenile courts,
look after wayward girls, nurse the
sick poor, conduct all kinds of educa
tional classes, in addition to acting as
pastor's assistants and attending to a
large amount of parish visiting. Their
work is now being classified according
to their separate callings. There are
nurse deaconesses, teacher deaconesses,
missionary deaconesses and deacon
esses, whose activities may include
these three and many other vocations.
There are thousands of them In this
country now, and each year the train
ing schools are turning out hundreds
of consecrated young women who -will
devote their lives to the moral nrim
Nof the world.
Catholic women in America have been
active in many beneficent works from
colonial days. The founder of the or
der of the Sisters of Charity and Its
first superioress was Elizabeth A.
Seton, a convert to Catholicism. In
1811 her little band located in St Jo
seph's valley, Maryland, and a copy of
the regulations used for the Daugh
ters of Charity, founded by St. "Vin
cent de Paul, was procured from France
for their guidance. At .the time she es
tablished this institution, Mrs. Seton
Was a young WldOW with ehllifren Rh. l
did not in any way neglect her duties i
SB a YTlAtllA.. A I.AM A,... 11 '
"vii.w fcv i unit xtsajiuj, even
when engaging In a broader work and
arrangements were alwavs made in
full recognition of the obligations she
bore to them.
The founder of Georgetown convent
in Georgetown, D. C, which was the
first Visitation house in America, was
Miss Alice Lalor, afterward known as
mother Teresa. She was born in Ire
land but came to America in 1774 with
her sister, who had married an Amer
ican merchant On the vessel she be
came acquainted with Mrs. McDermott
and Mrs. Sharpe and the three de
cided that they were called upon to
gainto cloistered life.
When father Neale became presi
dent of Georgetown college he estab
lished these three -women temporarily
with the "Poor Clares," some religious
women driven by persecution from
France, who were vainly trying to es
tablish a school as a means of sup
port. Their rules were so rigorous
and their poverty so extreme that few
scholars applied. At first Alice Lalor
and her friends boarded in this con
vent and taught but soon it was ap
parent that the rule of St Clare re
quiring the women to go barefooted
was so austere as to be unsuited to
the needs of the community, so father
Neaia esM.blisliel them in a house.
rThis was th- begliining-of the Con
nt school of the v-sitatlon in wh'h
so many of the most distinguished
women of the country have been edu
cated during the met -eenturv. There
wis conside-able difficulty about plac
ing the institution under visitation
rules because the founders had not
bten members of a religious order, but
after father Neale became coadjutor
t archbishoD Carroll he rosnlvnl ti
admit the sisters to simple vows. When
he became archbishop himself. In
1S15, he admitted the oldest sisters to
solemn vows, and the establishment of
the institution was complete.
Jer Ilardey's Work.
MotJ Jardy is another Catholic
woma., e work had a great in
fluence s the educational devel
opment . ie country. Sne was born
in Louisiana and took her tiist toot in
the Order of the Sacred Heart in i25,
when only 18 yaars old, and a: that
tarly age she assisted . th estab
lishment of a i-onv?n: .n an adjoining
parish which, by IS'S. "ontain.-l over
ZOO inmates. Dunn? this year the
Asiatic cholera raged in Louisiana and
the convent was destroyed as a part
of its ravages, although mother Har
C' stood at h- posi. until the plane
w is closed b orders of thf rhnreh.
bhp was U i n r rdered to go nortu .ts
J" I'Tia'- if 1ht Con t nt of X. w Y'"'k
t ' urn of the Cuago iir
American Delegation Goes
to Investigate European
Financial Systems.
EW YORK. April 26. A further
jolt is to be given the high cost
of living if the delegation of 100
Americans which sailed rrom here for
Naples today succeeds in its endeavor
to devise a separate banking system
for American farmers. The official
name of the delegation Is the Ameri
can commission on agricultural coope
ration. The investigation is to be
made under the auspices of the south
ern commercial congress. Its aim is to
place cheap money at the disposal of
American farmers in order to increase
agricultural production and to lower
the cost of producing food.
Secretary of agriculture Houston 1
represented the administration at the
farewell xriven tn tliA MmMiBoinn
President Wilson takes a keen interest '
in tne unaertaking vand addressed the
delegates personally before they left
The commission Is headed bv seven
commissioners bearing the credentials
of president Wilson and secretary of
state Bryan. They will make a report
to congress upon the practicability of
establishing farmers" cooperative
banks and a mortgage bank system in
the United States, copied after the ag
ricultural credit systems of European
countries. Besides the federal com
missioners there are delegates repre
senting about three-fourths of the
states of the Union who will make a
report to a committee of nine govern
ors appointed at the last conference
of the state executives. In this way
official recommendations will be
placed before congress and the state
legislatures urging a consideration of
the credit requirements of the farmers
both as a means of assisting the farm
ers and of relieving the consumers of!
"t; vuuihij ii um lug uumeu ul tne
high cost of living.
Will Aid Currency Reform.
The work of the commission' le
closely connected with the efforts of
the banking and commercial interests
to secure currency reform. The prn
cipal claim of those seeking currency
reform is that under the present bank
ing system which permits banks to re
deposit their funds with other banks
who in turn deposit them in Chicago .or
Kpw VnrV tlio tandanfv ie tn wU A n t
the surplus of the nation's funds Jn j
toe uig speculative centers wnere UMy
stimulate stock gambling. 32je car
xapcy reformers want ngjilcMoeuiiy
tended the banks to lend more freely
and with better returns to those en
manufacturing work.
The American commission on agri
cultural cooperation similarly wants a
sumriementsirv bnnklncr sTstom hnilt- un
which will be controlled by the farm- f
era and which will divert a large nor-
tion of the saving of rural communi
ties to the development of the farms.
It is claimed that in Germany sueh a
system has been able to supply as high
as 98 percent of all the money required
bv the German farmers for their ope
rating expenses from such deposits.
Similar systems are In operation in
nearly, every country of Europe. It
is to study the operation of these sys
tems that the commission is visiting
those countries.
Seeks Mortgage Danklng System.
The second attempt of the commis
sion will be to secure the establish
ment of a mortgage banking system la
the United States. Such a system in
Germany has brought over '2,000.000. -
000 to the German landowners for the
development and Improvement of their
It is declared that if a mortgage
banking system could be established
In the United States billions of dollars,
of additional money could be secured
for the farmers at much lower rates
and on better terms and that with
the great development In American
farms which this money would make
possible, the problem of food produc
tion in the United States, which is
rapidly becoming worse, would be
solved for ever.
The ConunlHSlonem.
The federal commissioners anointed
by the president are senator Duncan
U. Fletcher, lawyer-farmer, and presi
dent of the Southern commercial con
gress; senator Thomas P. Gore, of Ok
lahoma, chairman of the senate com
mittee on agriculture; representative
Moss of Indiana, who was a farmer
before he entered congress and is now
chairman of the house committee on
expenditures in the department of ag
riculture; Col. Harvie Jordan, former
president of the Farmer's union; Ken
yon L. Butterfleld, a member of presi
dent Roosevelt's country life commis
sion and president of Amherst college;
John Lee Coulter, the government's
expert on agricultural statistics and
Dr. Clarence J. Owens, managing direc
tor of the southern commercial con
gress. The state delegates include farmers,
bankers, lawyers and economisls. Vin
cent Astor was appointed a delegate
from New York by governor Sulzer
and the prime minister of Saskatche
wan heads a delegation of Canadians
representing four provinces of the Do
minion. The commission returns from
Burope in August and will then pre
pare its report to congress and the
mother Hardy organized bazars In
each of the 25 Institutions under her
direction, and sent the proceeds,
amounting to thousands of dollars to
be distributed among the sufferers,
after this she was sent to Paris to
give mother Goetz the benefit of her
business judgment Upon mother
Goetz' death she was sent back to
America to attend to business matters
connected with the yManhattanville
pioperty. At this time she established
the Tabernacle society in connection
with the Sodality of the Children of
Mary. In 1876. she was sent to visit
the convents of Spain. Afterward, ac
companied by mother Leh-m. she vis
ited the convents in Belgium, England
and Italy. In 18S2, she had to return
to Manhattanville. as the city vvas en
croaching upon their propcty. It is
doubtful if sjiy other woman in any
religious work was ever more widely
Vn'own and respected for her exception
al business ability, as well as her
sterling qualities of mind and charac
ter. A
ew York AVomnn Made Counted.
Several American women outside of
convent walls have received recogni
tion from the Catholic church for their
grod works. The countess Anne Leary
of New York was made a countess by
pope Leo XIII. because of her great
charities and the work she has been
able to do for t) e church. She lives
abroad much of the time although she
is j. social unori-p in Dotn New York
and Newport. TIip mari hioni Si Hira
McLaughlin, of Philadelphia was-
Forty Thousand Women to
" March In Suffrage
-ijSmj WOMBN if JC
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v sir:: ' - vV"5
VrflVP Tl Pre! Vlll "R TiPfl TlV
u'1-'"-tin,ii T -v ""- XJCU" UJ
Gen." Jones; Will Wear
Hats Costing 42e Each.
EW YORK. N. Y.. April 26.
Women on horseback, women
in coaches, chariots and wag
ons; women on foot, yes, and men on
foot too, will take part in the annual
woman suffrage parade next week.
According to the predictions of those
in charge every state in the union
will be represented when the order to
march Is given and the procession
headed by delegations from the states
in which women have won the ballot
with Miss Inez Milholland on horse
back starts up Fifth avenue.
May Be 4O.000 In Line.
About 30,000 or 40,000 will be In line,
according to Mrs. Harriet Stanton
Blatch, who is chairman "of the parade
committee. Past the reviewing stand
to Carnegie hall the procession will
march, with not even a halt to convert
the many arch enemies of suffrage
who have been invited to seats In the
stand and who have announced their
intention of accepting and being pres
ent At Carnegie hall the Women's
Political union will hold a sneoinl
meeting when the parade disbands and!
meetings win tie held by other suffrage
organizations in various halls through
out the dty,
In 42 Cent Unfit.
Those women who do not wear spe
cial parade ostumes will be asked to
wear the suffrage Easter hats, which
cost 42 cents each, 3 cents more than
last year, but this may be due to the
rising cost of living. No feathers or
flowers will adorn this hat Only rib-
Son of King Victor Thinks
Italy Should Help Little
OME, Italy, April 2C A valiant
champion oi little Montenegro is
prince Humbert, the 9- year old
son of king Victor of -Ifllv. Prince
Humbert does not approve ' " of his
father's attitude toward " ' gro in
the Balkan war and leanr'X tth dis
may that Italy was in thorouu accord
with the other powers in demanding
that the Montenegrins lift the siege or
A few days ago prince Humbert was
"playing war" with his sisters in the
royal nursery. The king was an amused
spectator of the game. Prince Humbert
was the Montenegrin leader and he
"killed off all the Turks his sisters
in the game. Turning to his father, the
little prince demanded to be sent to
j tettinje.
feneral" Rosalie Jones,
New York suffraget parade. The pieture shows here in her famous "hiking"
costume and carrying her staff and "Votes for Women" sign. Below is Miss
Inez Milholland on horseback and in a costume in which she recently took
part in a suffrage pageant She wfll lead the parade up Fifth, avenue on
horseback. '
bons will be allowed. Mrs. E. Liv
ingston Hunt chairman of the Paris
hat committee, aays that while the hat
was designed primarily for the pa
rade it is also meant to make women
sec that Very pretty and attractive
millinery may be obtained by the ex
penditure of a very small sum of
After the parade if the participants
in the. demonstration are not too
tired many suffragists will take part
in the movement known as "camping
out Jor the cause."
This is an innovation resulting from
the "hiking" of general Rosalie Jones,
who inaugurated the "back to nature
idea in suffrage campaigning. Mrs.
Caroline Lexow and Mrs. Florence
jsauie uooiey win camp out ana as
... . . ... . . .7 .
soon as ceremonies incidental to the
parade are over, will pack ud their
kits and depart for parts rural. Many
others have pledged themselves to take
part in the "suffrage camp." Little
tents bearing the legends, "Votes for
Women, 191i," will be erected, flutter
ing with green, purple and white flags.
Passing farmers and farm hands will
be halted, forcibly restrained and dec
orated with "Votes for Women"
badges and suffrage flags, and only
released after they haTe pledged
themselves to vote favorably on the
woman suffrage amendment to the
constitution In 1915. When summer
arrives the Woman's Political union
plans to have -t "encampment" in
remembered that his mother and grand
father were Montenegrins.
"Well,1 he replied, "I think you ought
to be there fighting, but as you are not,
I suppose I ought to go to grandpapa
and show him that we are on his side.
Why are you not with him!"
"You see Italy is still fighting in Tri
poli and I am required here," replied the
"But suppose you were not required
here," asked the little critic, ''would you
go to Montenegro?"
King Victor hesitated and chose his
words with care.
"No, I do not think so," he said
Prince Humbert shouldered his toy
gun and shook his head.
"I think it is very wrong of you," he
said araphatieally. "I am going "to prac
tice 6o that I can kill all of grandpapa's
cneruie. They're all Turks, anyway?'
The Princess and the Acrobats.
Another incident to royalty which has
provoked widespread discussion befell
princess isabelie, duchess oi uenoa, re
cently. A year ago the duchess was passing
on foot through her country place, on
the outskirts of a tiny village, when her
attention was attracted to a party of
strolling acrobats, quite as much by
their poverty as by the cleverness o'f
their tricks. She watched them for some
time, them, made an appointment with
their leader for them all to come to the
castle and perform. This they accepted
They kept the appointment. The
duches was quite at home with them,
listened to their stories, gave them a
good dinner, paid them well and sent
them away with new clothes. Then she
forgot all about them.
Months passed. One day the duchess
was horribly burned as the liquid with
which she was rubbing her arm for rheu
matism c-pught fire Throughout the
kingdom it vos publi.-hed that th.'
wound was an ugly one and that it
Wad aDfWater n fOSBBS
Colorado Springs, Colo., pr"';
Fourteen members of the Arrest
Workers of the World who were arrest
ed on their arrival from ub,1'w,j"
found guilty of vagrancy in the e
court and ordered to w.orJ,ut. Jf'l
sentences on the city ro.Pjn
ference of the Prisoners followed and u
was announced that they would not
work "until their fellow workers were
freed from the Denver f. J"- vl-k
court thereupon ordered the '
to the jail to be fed on bread water
until willing to obey the order of the
London. England. April 2S. 'Teetotal
diplomacy." as suggested by the Inno
vation at Washington in secretary
Bryan's wineles dinner to tne foreign
diplomats. Is receiving considerable no
tice tn the English praas. The daily
v&w. raiuia tt nneHtlnn whether tne
American secretary has a real "moral
right to send round the teetotal puncn
and condemn his enforced guests to
right to send round the teetotal punch
ice water." and asks if this new form
of tyranny may not lead to some hor
rid questions by upsetting the temper
and digestions of the diplomats.
-- - - -r- i-
who will
leading part In the
every country in the United States.
The parade will march eight abreast
t make a more impressive appearance
and to get through earlier. Leading
the entire procession will be the rep
resentatives of the nine enfranchised
states. It is hoped to have some of
the governors of these states and con
gressional delegations in the parade.
Each marcher in this division will
carry an American flag. Following
them will be the Woman's Political
union, led by IS horsewomen, followed
by the standard bearer carrying the
suffrage colors. All will be dressed in
white with purple, green and white
Pageant at Night
On the night of the parade a suffrage
-- a- - fcw .... um.oe,
pageant is to take place in the Met-
ropoiitan opera house. Followin
stage performance addresses wi!
g the
u be
delivered upon suffrage by many per
sons, among them Col. Roosevelt who
accepted the invitation to speak with
the statement that "it 'would be a
pleasure to address the suffragists of
New York." It is said the colonel's
remarks win be strictly along lines of
For the purpose of the pageant the
suffragists have found a lot of diffi
culty In locating 4? "beautiful men
ta match the beautiful women to take
part in it The men are to represent
the states of the union. One man was
found, and New York city was scoured
for the rest
Fourth American Peace
Congress Is to Be Held in
St. Louis.
T. LOUIS. Mo.. April SS. 'nil.
of the fourth American peace
congress to be held In St. Louis.
beginning May 1. and continuing until
May 3. will be read in all churches
throughout the central west tomorrow.
On Tuesday, the Missouri Oratorical
contest of the Intercollegiate Peace
association will take place in the Gra
ham Memorial ehapel of Washington
university at St Louis, in which six
Missouri universities and colleges will
compete. On Wednesday morning peace
exercises will be held in ail high
schools, colleges and universities in
Missouri, and la the afternoon the
dedication of the J500.0O0 Jefferson
.Memorial building will take place and
the marble statue of Thomas Jeffer
son in its rotunda will be unveiled.
The opening of the congress proper
will be ushered in b an address of
welcome in the od. m jt In a. ra
Thursday Mar 1
P.a c-anl-at
jyBffpT' s !
Border Constantly and Zeal
ously Guarded Against
TARIS, Jianee, April 26. FrenJi
army poets on tne German irou
" tier have been provided with now-
i erful searchlights that sweep the hea -
ens at irregular intervals throughout tne
night on the lookout for alien dirigibles.
This is the latest development in the
watchfulness with which the French ara
guarding the German line, especially
since the landing of the Zeppelin at
Luneville a week or so ago.
To test the vigilance of the lookout,
French airships cruise unannounced along
the 342-mile border and woe to the luck
less picket who fails to detect their pres
ence. All roads leading near the trontier
are guarded as never before. The way
farer near the German line encounters
frequent patrols who observe sharply
but do not challenge. Among the oir
cers of the French army a favorite topfc
for discussion and concern is the possible
start of 24 hours the German might get
in the case of war. The fate of tae
French nation, they say, might depend
upon the prompt inteihgeace of a sei
geants patroL
Alarm. Quckly Given.
The wires leading from the frontier to
Paris were alive with the alarm when,
the Zeppelin crossed the border and de
scended at Luneville. Intelligence oi fl
eers at the Xancy headquarters received
from watehers along the frontier four
telephone calls telling of the passage of
the aircraft. The posts on all that part:
of the line were astir with alarm and
doubt ;-y. thousand field glasses swept
the haze and fog of the heavens for &
glimpse of the unwelcome visitor.
At Paris, the war ministry was
promptly notified by telephone, lha
French air cavalry, especially the aero
planists at Nancy, scurried to their
hangars and remained there in momen
tary readiness to take wing and recon
noiter the German side for movements
of troops. Since then the French war
ministry has not relaxed its vigilance,
rather, it has been increased.
Bee Sting as a Cue.
A man stung by a bee the other day
has thus discovered an unusual cure for
catarrhal opthalmia, and has brought
his ease to the attention of Dr. Tarnau -ski.
The doctor's natient was suffering
from double catarrhal opthalaiia that
had resisteed all orthodox treatment-.
He was stung by a bee on his left evehd.
When he woke up the next morning, he
found that the lirfit was no loneer nain-
18 eT d that the discharge
i had ceased. The delighted patient cap-
iuwuKt uve ami ajmi it sung mm
oa the other eye. The next morning it
was eared.
The beanty of the rose has been en
hanced greatly by a new soil treatment
recently discovered in an odd manner.
When .the first excavations were made
for the Paris subway a gardener carted
away a few loads of the clay dumpings.
He tried roses on the soil thus procured,
and to hia amazement they grew finer
than in the highly prised clays. Since
then there has been a great demand from
rose growers for subway soiL The roses
grown on this soil have been dubbed
"subway roses." They haxe extraordi
narily vivid colors and exquisite odor
and are taking all prises at the spring
horticultural shows where they have
been allotted a section to themselves.
Gsby Makes DiscsTery.
M". Goby-, a French scientist has de-
, . - - - , ;. -
viaeu an apparatus lor tne application of
I the X-ray to mkroseopie work which is
expectea to nave a very important bearing-
on the study of the smaller organ
isms. Many of these smau organisms,
because of their eapacity, hare resisted
all attempts to obtain any accurate
knowledge of their functions.
To examine such an object properly
with & microscope it must be suffkaentlv
transparent to permit the passage o'f
light through it; exceedingly fine sec
tions are taken of bodies sufficiently
laree"to permit of this being done, buo
there are many other organizations too
small to cut, and not susceptible of ex
amination by the X-ray for the same
reason. In M. Goby's apparatus the ob
ject to be examined is placed on a pho
tographic plate without the interposi
tion of black paper. Then by a special
process concentrated Xrays are pro
jected on it. A life-size radiograph,
which, oh being enlarged in the ordinary
way, makes a very complete study pos
sible is thus obtained.
Invents Flying Bicycle.
"Aviette" is the name given to & flv
ing machine propelled by the leg-power
of the operator, treading as he would on
a bicycle. It is being tried out at
Meaux, near Paris, by M. Btienne. a mil
itary teiegrapner attached to the third
Hussars. He can rise from the earth.
and fly from 150 to 200 feet. The phys
ical efforts in starting is considerable,
but after the start Etienne does not find
the work harder than running. With
experience and a perfected machine, he
believes, a man could probably flv for
half or three-quarters of an hour with
out exeeeetve fatigue.
publics of Central and South America
have sent delegations to repre&cnt
them at the congress, as earlj as
March 15. 11 peace societies, 15 Cen
tral and South American republics. H
states. 11 women's organizations. J i.
educational institutions, ll commercial
organizations and even the far anav
territory of Hawaii had already se
lected their delegates. Sinr-e then the
number has probably increased two
fold. The fourth American Peace con
gress promises to be the largest peace
meeting e ur gathered in the historv
of the wond.
Carnegie a Delegate.
The delegates at large include An
drew Carnegie, who has gien $11.00"
000 toward the furtherance of interna
tional peace representatn e Richanl
Bartholdt. of St. Louis, president of the
peace concress Charles V Fairbanks,
former vjee presulert of the United
States John Barrtt. d. ratter general of
the Pan-American union j.1 Washing
ton. JD C: Thomas K. Ureene, of Chi
cago, and Charles A. Towne. of K-w
'Women Take Prominent Part.
t this peace i .ncrr :s Ihe R -
TN 11 J
t j n tn
i ' r ,11-ominit v s -i
' i j.t th. iii - ir-
1.1 u. xm. mc 111
The pnni p tuought for a moment and
fContirvel tn Next Poge
Continued on next -
' I
'1 i". r'Xt pj

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