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THIRTY-THIRD YEAR OF PUBLICATION
1 rlllM l i "., .... report by Associated Press Leased Wre and Superior exclusive features and complete new N Mexico, west Texas. Mexico. Wash- Special Correspondents covering Arwona. e lngtou. D. (X. and New York. Slater (owner of1 two-thlrda interest) President: Published by Herald News Co Jnc.. -' rt) Manager; the remaining one-eighth J- C.ltath (owner of oe-Mth intere fon & .L. Capell EL B. interest U owned "rT1 VnSdv Waters Davis. H. A. True. McGlennon estate. EL PASO HERALD Editorial and Magazine Page AN INDEPENDENT DAILY NEWSPAPER DEDICATED TO THE SERVICE OF THE PEOPLE, THAT NO GOOD CAUSE SHALL 1MX. A CHAkPIOH, AMD THAT EVIL SHALL HOT THRIVE UNOPPOSED. H. D. Stater, Edftor-m-Chief aad controlling owner, has directed The Herald for 15 .Years; G. A. Martin is Hews Editor. Saturday, July Fourteenth,. 1913. v: RPayneTR OCaabV. A- Martin. A. U gnarpe, ana Jom -. . Where Everybody Wins THE HERALD'S exclusive account of the sale this week of 57,000 acres of Hew Mexko state land to a syndicate for development and colonization purposes has caused a good deal of enthusiastic discussion among the people of the new state. It is realized that this is the first fruit of the progressive land , policy that was made possible only by statehood. Under the territorial form of government such a deal would have been impossible. As a result, this rich domain of nearly 100 square miles has gone fallow and unused until now, but comes upon the market at a time when the demand for land of the sort, under the conditions now possible to offer, is very great. The soil is as fertile and as well suited to the highest forms of agriculture and horticultre as any in the west Hot only is the district one of virgin fertility, but the tracts making up the purchase were carefully selected by specialists only after thorough soil analyses and exhaustive tests of the underground water supply. As a pumping proposition, the Tularosa country cannot be surpassed. The water is nowhere more than 90 feet below the surface, aad in a 60 foot well it rises to within a few feet of the surface three to nine feet. Powerful pomps, run continuously, lower the pumping level somewhat when the full draft is first felt, but there it stops, and in no case in the series of test welts in the region did the pumping level go below 18 feet from the surface. That makes it a remarkable "shallow water" pumping proposition, equal to any in the west. Power wfll be furnished on the community system if desired,' or settlers may furnish their .own power, in which latter case the cost will be reduced below the ordinary commercial cost by a system of cooperative buying of engine fuel. Host remarkable of all is the plan that is being devised to make it possible for settlers of limited means to go upon the land and develop it, if they have the skill and energy and thrift necessary to succeed at farming anywhere. Thirty years, will be given, if desired, in which to pay for the land. Settlers will be aided financially in developing and equipping their farms, and power will be furmshed on an equitable basis. There will be no taxes to pay during the period rn which deferred payments run, and interest will be waived altogether or will be only nominal. Demonstration farms wfll be established, expert guidance offered, and cooperative marketing encouraged. The actual colonizing will be in the hands of a concern of wide experience and large means. El Paooans should try to realize what this means to Hew Mexico and this immediate section of the country. At a distance about equal to Deming, here is a region even more dependent than is Deming, upon El Paso as a commercial and financial and market center. Deming can go west or north and find markets and commercial connections, and is not wholly dependent on El Paso in these respects. But the Tularosa country is, in a sense, more isolated and more dependent upon the El Paso connection. This city wfll be the trnly large market and financial and commercial center available, except as the people may find it desirable to go dear outside of the state for markets and commerce. ,..,. . It is another big opportunity for El Paso to help herself by helping her neighbors. The development of this tract, right in our own front yard, will result in witting 1OJ0O0 new people into our inner trade circle; it wfll mean the invest ment of hundreds of hundreds of thousands of dollars, and the steady contribution of thousands of dollars every week to El Paso's trade stream. Just what this sort of thing means may be guessed when it is told, on authority, that one single whole ,sale house in El Paso, before the Mormon exodus from Mexico, received a business aggregating more than $5000 per month from those Mormon colonies alone, al though they had only 4O00 inhabitants all told. The time is coming when El Paso will be the center not only of a rich agri cultural valley but of a "shallow water" irrigated farm country of great produc tiveness. Tfcat is the solution of the problem of these rich but "and western plains. Somebody has said that "Water in unlimited quantities is within 50 feet of every man's door" out here in this section, and that is mighty near literally true, even if you do have to go straight down for it. Such a bounty of natural resource is too great an asset to go long neglected. ...... The colonising company of the tract above Tularosa will make a special effort to obtain skilled farmers who have capital of their own, in money savings as well as in experience. The methods of the company will be worth dose watching by El Pasoans and others interested in promoting the development aad beneficial use of the rich uplands of the Rocky Mountain Southwest. o- Governor Hunt does not seem to have perfected his grip en the- party reins. There is a powerful revolt against him within his party. He will rely en organized labor to pull him over. Holding Down the Lid NEW MEXICO is fortunate in having as governor at this time a man of clear cut ideas and firm character. He is not much of a self advertiser, but one cannot talk with him without being impresesd by his sterling good sense, genuinely progressive ideas, and inclination toward fair play. He has not played politics to suit some of the men who worked for him before election, but he is acting upon the unusual conception that he is the governor of a whole state and not of any party, faction, or section. Incidentally, Hew Mexico is thriving greatly since being reKevefl in some degree from the Might of perpetual political strife. The rest is doing the state good. The next fight will be over the legislature, and the lines are f ormlag for a hard csmpig Hew Mexko is still in toe formative period of new statehood, and fortunately there is no such radical spirit rampant as prevails in some of the newer commonwealths. Hew Mexko wfll gain greatly by exercising serf restraint m all things and pur suing a conservative and just policy toward all interests and all classes, rather! than by setting off weekly earthquakes to see the folks jump. o West Virginia coal camp investigators would better come to Dawson, H. M., to find out how a coal camp ought to be run. Dawson is managed for business, too, not philanthropy, yet it is the model coal camp of the world. El Paso's Biggest Problem IF WS MUST choose between providing adequate schooling ior toe younger children, with vocational training especially in the Chihuahuita district, and providing modern fadKties for the high school, the former is the more im portant. But it is not necessary to choose between them. El Paso can afford both, and must have both. If the proposed bond issue be not large enough, make it larger. BHt don't neglect the biggest problem El Paso has before her today: that of Chihuahuita. Sanitation, vocational schools, and recreation grounds, aH supplemented by the constructive work of the Woman's Charity association in behalf of women and children, offer the only practical solution for permanent results. o Arizona wfll confer a real favor upon the whole country if she finds out what a Republican k and lets the people know. 14 Years Ago Today From The Herald This Date 1SS. I Capt, George Curry came down this morning with Lee and Gilliland. John Harvey went to Kansas City this morning by way of the Santa Fe. Mrs. F. W. Brown and children left for California this morning to spend the summer. Kagineer Fred Conner, of the G. H., has been laying off for the past few days, reported for work yesterday. The regular drill of the High school cadets has been changed from Tuesday night at 7:30 to Wednesday evening at 7 30. Mrs. C. N. Pierce and children, and Mrs. C. F. Dunn, of Jarilla, left for Hillsboro, N. M.. this morning to visit Iriends. Engineer Hobein. -of the G. H., is now comfortably located in his new house. He has been laying off for the past few days. H D. Slater and wife returned today from Hillsboro. K. . where Mr. Slater has been reporting the Fountain case for The Herald. Mrs. W. R. Martin, wife of superin Undeet Martin, of the G. BL, who has been ill for some time past, is so far improved as to be completely out of danger. In the suit of Juan Cano vs. the G. H railway for Sia.oto for personal in juries, the Jury today rendered a ver dict for the plain ti ft allowing him Si'.loo damages. The several committees for the races to be held at Washington park on the Fourth of Julj have been selected. U. St wart Mr Maver and Nathan Solo m "i v. il tic luiiKcf '. K HiiK' n t dit.ir of th. I. n- '1 I,- and Rpnscntiiiu ui tilt Associated Press at the Hillsboro, X. M, trial, arrived in Kl Paso yesterday and left for a brief visit to Mexico City. An alarm was sounded this morning from the corner of Ochoa and Second streets. The fire was making good headway when the chemical arrived. No water was needed the chemical do ing the work nicely. "Nothing approaching a boom has yet developed in El Paso real estate, but the tone of the market is unques tionable better." said a prominent citi zen today. "Well located business property has been in demand for several months at advanced prices. In residence property, the real bar gains are gradually disappearing." A great many El Pasoans are now enjoying themselves in Cloudcroft. Daily climbs to the peaks are most in vigorating. Harry Ale- onder. passen ger agent of the White Oaks, will send his father, mother and sister to Cloud croft Saturday to spend the summer months. Mrs. W. Tuttle and her two little sons now at Fresnal, N. t.. will be joined Saturday by Mr. Tuttle. who will be the first excursion party to Cloudcroft. Ed Roberts and children will accompany Mr. Tuttle. Chopin hall was crowded last night to witness the closing exercises of St. Joseph's academy. Friends of the academy had donated very pretty gold medals and these were donated for proficiency in several branches. The following were awarded gold medals: For Christine doctrine. Miss Frances Carr; for conduct. Miss Ladle Car roll; for music, class A. Miss Lizzie McCarthy: for class B music. Miss Bella Redmond; for composition. Miss Eda Hubbard, for English grammar. Miss Ma Leahy for bookkeeping, Mi.ss ;rnes Bossone for m.ithf mptic. Miss Ju.idil.ip. rv.ru.- for orthotri aph . I. il "I I ..'i nut- for penmanship. -IiSb Maid Smith, High Salaries Deceptive Americans Holding Philippine Posi tion" BrlBj; I.ltlle Money Heme; Filipino Control Growing. -Ur Frcderl" J. HasKln WASHINGTON. D. C June 14. The provincial system of ad ministration in the Philippine islands in in two parts. The pro clncial system proper is the .part which operates solely in the prov inces. The other part is as much cen tral as provincial, being the several insular bureaus which are located in Manila, but who do most of their work in all parts of the islands. Strictly speaking, they are a part of the cen tral government, but as the bulk of their duties pertain to the provinces they will beconsidered in this con nection. AH Official la Charge American. The principal bureaus are executive, education, audits, treasury, customs, internal revenue, public works, justice, constabulary, lands, forestry, science, health, printing, supply, posts, naviga important offices which do not rank as bureaus are those of the supervising railway expert, consulting archtect. Philippine hospital, coal expert, the big ice plant and the Philippine li brary. AH the leading officials of these bureaus and offices are Ameri cans. The only one dominated by Filipinos is the bureau oflabor, where all the officers and employes are Fili pinos. Salaries for bureau directors average $6,000 per annum. The direc tor of public works (draws $7,500 and his asisstant director $6,000. The di rector of labor draws J 4.000. while the forestry director is paid $5,000. All the others get $6,000. Assistant di rectors average from $3,500 to $4,250. Chief clerks and chiefs of divisions range from $2,000 to $3,000. Of these positions 99 per cent are held by Amer icans. In addition there are hundreds of American clerks who are paid from $ 1.200 to $2,000. Furnlnh Target far Attaekx. This fat salary roll which the Amer icans subsist upon is always a target for Filipino attacks, especially as lib eral accrued leave and vacation priv ileges go with them. But here the same problem of supply and demand has to be met. just as with the mem bers of the commission and the su preme court, as previously explained. Competent Americans will not go over there for less. The high cost of living, averaging in Manila and some pro vincial points as high as in San Fran cisco. Seattle. Denver or Washington, also cuts into the apparently 'high sal aries. The necessity of frequent va cations to Japan or to this countrv. plus the life saving trips to the United States for the women and children of an employe's family, make another drain on his purse. Bring Little Money Back. Fully half of the American- civil service personnel finally returns to the United States with very little more money than they started away with. As a rule, the only benefits derived from a sojourn of three, five or ten years in the Phlliopines is the varied experiences, important official respon sibilities (for which a young man has to wait 20 years or more in this coun try.!, travel and a generally wid ened perspective. Against this must be checked complete exile from home and relatives, loss of material ad vancement here which his stay-at-home brother has grabbel in his ab sence, and an impaired physique. The only ones who make their Philippine experience pay flncially are such of the young, unmarried men who happen to be frugal and the men whose wires also hold government jobs and get "from $1,200 to $2,000. There Is only one married woman who earns the latter sum. and she is chief clerk of a bureau. Of the other two women who eniov similar cnmnensatinnsL one is a widow and the other is unmarried. Many others make $1,600 and $1,800. Competence I a Factor. Competence Is another factor. The plain truth Is that for the present at least the bulk of the positions In the bureaus even the ordinary clerkships and stenograohlc posts, are not held bv the Filipinos. It has onlv been within the last three years that & handful here and there have been able to pass the first grade civil service examination In English which entitles them to a salarv of $1,200. At present not over 20 FiMnino clerks hold snch positions and of Filipino stenographers "rn'ns j.-uw or more tnere are three in the entire list of bureaus. As to the high nosts. some Americans sav that no Filipino has demonstrated ad minlRtrative abilitv to entitle him to be director or assistant director of a bureau . This is the kind of talk in dulged by antI-Filipno Americans, despite the good records made hv two Filipino attorney-generals as chiefs of the bureau of justice. No other Fili pino ever has been given a chance either to succeed or fail at the head of the bureau. The few who have been educated In the United States or Eu rope are gradually working Into sueh noRitions, however, and in the main, do fairly well. Many Bureau Maintained. Every part of the province feels the influence of the bureaus. For in stance, the bureau -of education main tains schools in everv hamlet. Not a road Is built or a bridge thrown across a stream without the supervision of the bureau of public works , through the district engineer. The mllltarv policing of the islands is done bv the constabulary. Every provincial treas urer is an agent of the insular treas urer in Manila. The forest reserves ar under the bureau of forestrv. All surveying and narcellng of land 'is con trolled by the director of forestry. All the postdffices come under, the swav of the director of posts. Internal rev enue agents are the e'-es and ears, and sometimes the fists, of the insular col lector of internal revenue. In everythlhe these bureaus do in the provinces thev are directed to work harmoniouslv with the Fillnlno pro vincial officials. It is well known that an American treasurer or con stabulary officer must keen on good terms with the native officials If thev wish to stand high with their chiefs in Manla. Not infrequently the word of the native is accented in Manila above that of the American with whom he has clashed. , Filipinos Ih Centre!. Tt has been shown how this process of turning their government over to the Filipinos has been going on in the central administration, though very slowly. Tn the nrovince it is now com plete. The Filipino todav is in abso lute control of provincial administra tion, have been In fact since 1908. and have dictated their own municipal af fairs almost from the very first. The 29 provinces are governed by a munidoal hoard of three members, composed of the provincial governor, the third member and the provincial treasurer. The first two are Filipinos, who are elected by the people for four years. The last named is an American, although a few provinces now have Filipino treasurers, who. of course, sit on the boards. The provincial fiscal or prosecuting attornev is a Filipino and so Is the clerk of the court and all other attaches. As has been shown in the previous article, the Judge is oftentimes a Filipino. When provincial alministration was first inaugurated American army of ficers were the civil governors. When the office became elective the governor was naturally a Filipino but the other two members of the board were the American treasurer and the American supervisor of roads and buildings. Later the position of supervisor was abolished en account of the expense and the division superintendent of schools, always an American, went on the board. Municipal rule is wholly Filioino The presidents maior, vice prepidente "id members of the municipal council the erected frr t'n vrnrs ti pnmilr tioueh I'mitcl Mi'fT" Th m ri im t o 'iiciil tr i-i.r in rn ,-(5 i)k 1 municipal at-'.ounts but the relation abeTmartin l Ever' woman reaches th' age when she Hkes t' crochet real fast an' tell about th' chances she turned down when she wuz f girl. Th' commonest variety o optimist is th' feller that thinks ever thing that hurts somebuddy else is fer th' best. between a Stale ana municipalities is frequently observed in the United States. The term municipality in the islands means the surrounding terri tory as well as the town itself, so that no part of the islands is without its municipal rule. The villages dotting the landscape around the central town of which they are a part are called "barrios." This does away with counties, and the provinces are thus considered States. There are 715 muni cipalities in the islands. There are four classes first, those having not less than 25.000 population; second class. 18,000 to 26.000; third class. 10 000 to 18.000; fourth class, less than 10,000. On "Going Up Against It Bv GEOn'GE FITCH. Author of "At Good Old hlvf-ash." fcfe" 01 XG up against it" is the 1 J United States way of deserib- ine a head-on collision be tween man and miefort'ine. "It" in this case means trouble in all of its hideous varieties. When a man goes up against "it" he meets trouble in a narrow road, with no room in which to sidestep and he has a good chance to examine trouble's shining fangs and to look down its red and hungry throat about three miles. There are as many kinds of "it" as there are of trouble. In Alfred the Great's case "it" consisted of a hostile army, which was hunting him with an obituary already prepared, while he had nothing left with which to fight it but a battered harp. George Washington was up against "it" at Valley Forge, and "it" consisted of several thousand appetites in the patriot array with the nearest lunch counter in possession of the enemv. Cvrus Field was up against "it" when his third trans-Atlantic cable failed and the investors invited him to i go chase himself when he tried to finance the fourth one. "He hag a good chance- to examine trouble's shining fangs." Everyone goes up against it in one way or other at some time in his life. For some this means ruin, while to others it is merely a pastime. When some men go up against it they crumble up like an egg-shell, like Charles the First, who fought a short war and aban doned himself to the headsman, with a sigh of relief. When other men go up against it thev merely continue on through. The careers of Lincoln, Wash ington. Caesar, Thomas A. Edison and V. S. Grant were marked by the ruins of "its" which they went up against. When a man has nerve, energy, deter mination and a will that is made of Vanadium steel, it is a very foolish thing for trouble to get in his road with the hope of stopping him. Now and then a sound of lamentation and despair can be heard curdling up the busy atmosphere This is generally produced by some man who thinks be is going up against it. But he isn't. He is generally backing away from it. Copy righted by George Matthew Adams. Bores By Walt Mnson Of all the bores above ground, who should be sent to glory, the greatest is the one who's bound to tell a funny story. I always shudder when he comes, this anecdotal honker, displaying all his teeth and gums in mirth he cannot con quer. I always know just what hell say. when be is thus putliusing: "I heard a yarn the other day that seemed to me amusing." And then he starts a hoary tale that is too fierce to dwell on, a yarn that Adam counted stale, and Noah rung the bell on. I yawn. I shriek, I scowl, I glower, and say his yarn is hoary: it kesn't help, liour after hour he tells his beardc 1 story. The bright and sunny morning goes, and still the jester labors; I hear him saying, as I dote: "The Paddy said, 'Be Jabers!" And now the golden afternoon is pass ing, sadly, slowly; I hope that hell be finished soon with that romance unholy. In vain! -right comes, the stars ap pear on high in twinkling glory; the funny man still lingers near and tells his shelfworn story. And when at last he ends his tale, so many long hours after, and I sit, gloomy, stern and pale, without a sign of laughter, as though ray soul were out of joint, lie says the vord roer': "You do not seem to c.itih tlie point T'" tell the story oer'" r.-vilit 1913 bv George MattUi w i Aiims. A Suffraget Defeat A Shert Stery. THE hall was crowded with Its cos mopolitan audience. There were suffragets and anti-suffrageta of fat and lean proportions, each eyeing the other with a hatred born of long years of rivalry and each keyed to a high pitch of excitement. At last the chairman of the arrange ments committee arose to announce the subject of the meeting. "Today." she said, "we will discuss the training of husbands." Mild applause followed, which burst into a storm of hand claps as Xme. Yvonne, leader of the suffragets of the valley of the Seine, arose at the chairman's beckonnig. "I present to you," continued the mistress of the ceremonies. "Mme. Yvonne, whose home is a model de corum. She will lead, the debate for the equal righters. Consternation reigned in the rank of the antis. Mme. Yvonne, house hold was known from one end of France to the other. They had nol ex pected her as the champion of tha Suffrage Husband Training league. A council of war was hurriedly called by the determined leaders of the opposi tion. "My friends." began Mme. Yvonne, when a stir among the ranks of her enemies had subsided. "I come to tell you of a model husband, my Gaston, and I come also to ten you or nis iraiu in. Thot all thia mav Ka hefter II- ! MMIjm. A....1. .... .... ... .- - justratea l am aooui 10 siari u iuo verv beginning of our courtship. "My mastery over him began oim day when he was visiting at the home of my mother. Monsieur Gaston, would you do me , stsreat pleasureT I asked. " 'Mademoiselle Yvonne I have ni I renter desire than that.' he answered. "'If that is son Monsieur Gaston, then let me blindfold you.' I suggested. "He made no objection whatever. " 'Blindfold me. Mademoiselle Yvonne and I Shall do anything you say.' said he. " 'But, he added cautiously, 'do not take advantage of my blindness to play a trick on me. "I assured him that I could never stoop to the meannes of doing such a thing, and, like the fool he is, he believed me. He is sueh a nice fel low. "When I had tied the handkerchief over his eyes I took my scissors and in four or five minutes cut off his mustache. I cut it so close to the Up that I took off some of the skin, too. Oh, horror! My sweetheart gave a cry of anguish! I had wounded him and he was bleeding. But you must not Imagine that he got angry. " "It's nothing at all,' he simply said, as he took off the handkerchief that I had tied around his head; 'but I must say that you rather scared me at first.' "Confused and ashamed of what I had done. I threw myself into a chair. I tried to find words to apologiae, but I could not find any, and while still trying to stop the flow of blood. Gas tonvcame qver to cheer me up. "'Don't think of it. Mademoiselle Yvonne. Of course I did not know, did not have the slightest idea that my mustache displeased you. You should only have told me. and I would have han It taken off immediately." "There was never a more good na tured man than my Gaston. "His kindness touched me. I felt the tears coming into my eyes. . He noticed it. " 'Don't cry.' he said. 'After all. what has happened is entirely my fault. I ought to have been able to anticipate your taste. You love smooth shaven men. and from now on I shall shave twice every day.' -Oh. no." I cried, 'don't do that.' "And as he did not understand, I ex plained. "'I do want you to keep your mus tache. You would look awful If you were smooth shaven.' "He did not get angry at all. He Is far too good natured for that He only said very timidly: "Then it was hardly necessary to eut it' off. was it?' "The justice of this remark made m? a little angry. " 'It is Just like you.' I said. to make such a fuss about a little bit of skin. "He realized that it was wrong of him to complain, so, of course. I for gave him. What else could I do? You can't really gfet angry with him. Gas ton is so good. "When we were married he liked our cook Rosalie's food so -well that he remained a whole hour at the table I was really ashamed of him. He sxew fat aa an elephant strangled him. and his vest nurst at the seams. I realized I must do some thing. I did not want to go through lift with a short and fat husband thai looked like a turkey gobbler. So I said to myself that it should not take long to reduce him to his normal pro portions. "I knew Just what to do. I dis charged Rosalie and engaged an Eng lish cook whom I told never to let Monsieur have anything but grilled steak, three times a day. To watch the result of my cure I bought a pair of scales and weighed Gaston twice a day. keeping an exact record of his poundage. "At first he lost regularly every day and I began to congratulate myself, but two weeks later his weight grew absolutely stationary. He had become used to the diet, but he was still too stout. I reproached him bitterly and he never said a word in return. Gas ton is so good. "Shortly afterwards I found out that Gaston had begun to drink tea instead of wine and even dosed himself with vinegar and water twice a day. "In this wav he actually lost about 4 pounds and completely ruined his stomach. His character, however, re mained as gentle as ever. Gaston is so good." Then an unlooked for disturbance overawed the whole audience. A wom an rushed down the aisle and before the amazed spectators realized the sit uation, grappled with the speaker and carried her from the platform. "All that she has told you is a base lie." shouted the newcomer. "I am Gaston, her husband." and with this declaration the speaker tore off his wig and dress in which he had dis guised himself to attend the meeting. From that time on the advocates of anti-auffragism were the respected women of the community, and loyal suffragets left the town slowly their cause having been disgraced. TAX COMMISSION CI.ASIIBS WITH NAVAJO SUPERVISORS. Phoenix, Ariz.. June 13. Strained re lations exist between the state tax commission and two of the supervisors of Navajo county as a result of an order issued by commissioner P. J Miller, directing the board to restore the valuations placed on stocks of mer chandise to their full cash value, and not to disturb the valuations placed on railroad grant lands by the county assessor. During his trip through the north ern part of the state commissioner Miller arrived In Holbrook. the county seat of Navajo, several days before the time during which the supervisors were supposed to sit as equalizers, had expired He at once issued n order calling them together as equalizers and requiring them to remain in ses sion till June 16 The same order directed that the aluations placed on mt rt handise of-f-r.d for -al. in Mine- uhuh h.ul b.'t n inliKu! t. th -vi J., r :r--i. i 1.. r sni. t l'j v h. it Ih. i stood btfoie. THE "CITY MANAGER" PLAN WBy E. G. Sheibley, ANEW plan of city government, the commission plan, has gained considerable popularity witWn the last few years. Also the Idea of employing a r KSgSe. WlX business has gained T.tnersovidln, eonsln is considering an act providing for city managers for all cities of tne second to fourth class. Between five and six ears ag o the city of Staunton. Va-, employed a gen eral manager in charge of "s city works, but the example was not JU'C: ly imitated. Last June the.iln Sumter. S. C. adopted the commission plan with a city manager and in the following October adTert1men,.t,Wnr made for applicants for the position of city manager. The wmJn,aslon ?;,"" nounceiuent spetified the qualifica tions sought as follows: "The applicant should be competent to oversee public work, such as pav ing, lighting, water supply, etc. An engineer of standing and ability v.ouia be preferred. The city manager will hold office as long as he gives sat isfaction to the commission. He will have complete administrative control of the city, subject to the approval of the board of three elected commis sioners. There will be no politics in the job. but the work will be Purel' that of an expert. Local citizenship is not necessary." . 4. There were 130 applicants for the iwdtimi M M Worthineton. a civil snvlnMP .ahajvimI the aDTJOlninienV ...so...-. . . ..,.1 . . m -- XI.- Wnrthins-tnn h.-ld nO special training in strictl municipal work nor .trwrte ha. ralv nn nnv narticular SOUTCe or sources of information regarding the commission government. After graduating from college he spent l- years as an engineer ran'"- tion ana construction w . '"',' eral years past he was' in charge of quite difficult joDs. ana i Mu.. lo cations as he now has he received through these experiences. Duties of City Manager. Mr. Worthington states that he is acting as an executive officer for the city council, consisting of a mayor and two commissioners. The manager makes all the purchases for the city and audits the bills for approval. He has active supervision of all of the va rious citv departments, and is, as you might deem it. trouble man for the whole city. The citizens usually go to him when there are any complaints to be made of the service in any par ticular department, and present to him all matters of ordinary importance which they are anious to have brought to the attention of the council. One quite important feature of the man ager's work Is to Issue all permits wherever private parties desire the use of the street for the purpose of stor ing material during building construc tion or for any private enterprise. To summarize.' the city manager serves the council actively as a pur chasing agent, as an auditor of bills. as a general manager of all depart ments, and in general as an active agent to carry out their policy of gov ernment. He serves the people in that he furnishes them a responsible head to whom to go for information as to municipal affairs, for redress in case of complaint as to any department, and as an agent for the city council au thorized to grant certain classes of privileges. It will be noted that Sumter has a commission form of jrovernment. while Staunton is governed by a mayor and councilors. This fact is worth noting since the latest city to adopt the plan of employing a city manager is Hick ory. N. C, which is. like Staunton. Va.. of the famillpr form of government. Referring to Hickory, the clauses of the new citv charter which refer to the duties of the city manager are as follows: Subject te City Council. Section 9. He shall have power to revoke licenses pending the action of ,. "!. ii tha oitv- Minnrll. Section 10. He shall have authority and charge over all public works, the erection of buildings for the city, the making and construction of all im provements, paving, curbing, side walks, streets, bridges, viaducts and the repair thereof: he shall approve all estimates of cost of public works, and recommend to the city council the acceptance and rejection or the worn done or improvements made: he shall SSSjssi.&&?su'ss9: ducts and public buildings; he shall have control of tne location oi street car tracks, telephone and telegraph poles and wires: he shall have control of the water sheds from which the city takes its suddIv of water, pumping sta- ! tlons, pipe lines, filtering apparatus, i and all other things connected with or H collars incident to the proper supply of wa rns .! . .. .i.. j .h.n ,.,.,,... oil ler lur intr enj . aitu ouau .u.r a,, rights of way and casements connected with the waterworks or sewerage sys tems or the extension of the streets, etc. All the powers enumerated, however, shall be exercised subject to the su pervision and control of the city coun cil. Although but three cities have so far adopted the city manager plan there are many that have considered it. In addition to the action taken in the Wisconsin legislature New Jersey has been attempting to provide for the adoption by popular vote of city man agers in any commission plan city of that state. So it is apparent, that the city manager plan for handling the executive functions of city government has gained in popular favor. FRIDAY. THK ISTH. El Paso. Texas. June 13. 1913 Editor El Paso Herald: Speaking of the 13th. will this start me right in business, or la It a "aoo doo?" My little hotel-j-The Carmen opened for business Friday. June 13, 1913; my number ou San Francisco street is 313; my number on North Santa Fe street is 313; I have 13 rooms to rent: the num ber on my living room is 13: the mail cart here is 13; our fire alarm is IX and I have J 1300 fire insurance on my furniture. Respectfully, F. C. Alley. OPERATORS' HOURS. El Paso. Tex.. June 14. Editor El Paso Herald: I wish to correct an item appearing in last night's Herald, wherein state ment was made that telegraph oper ators were being obliged to work as much as IS hours per day. As far as the Western Union schedule is concerned. I wish to state that the regular day operators work nine hours per day: split trick operators work eight hours per day, and night men work seven and one-half hours per day. If any overtime is worked, it is com puted at seven hours per days basis. This is standard schedule for the Western Union throughout the entire country. Chaa. Vollertsen. Chief Operator. FLAGS ONCE MORB. Editor El Paso Herald: I note in your recent issue a criticism by a correspondent of the unfurling of the Confederate flag on the anniver sary of the birth of Jefferson Davis, a letter from an individual asking why that flag should wave from the peo ple's courthouse and why the women tried to keep awake the differences 'of the uar, etc. Do not you know that this Is Texas, one of the strong southern states, and do not you yet know how the south loves and honors her heroes? The southern people an loyal to our com mon countt as are any of its citizens, and no issue that went to make the Civil war Is a ave issue at this time, save the !tal Me of state's rights, which is ital an'! paramount in the hearts of the p pie of erv state in our union w In n . t. -t '-, Triad.' a- ha been rt - 'r.t'. .'lii-M . '1 t l illlo-n.l in '.a-".-. ' i.i. i ' n.l ! i . 'tr 'hi pijtt1-' I ol It. v. :. .. 0 . i' . "U C. E. lor xne iteraiu. The people of the south are happ and satisfied and loyal, but th.- love of the Confederate flag, of those wh fought and died beneath it. the rei-i-ence of our heroic leaders, live yet. and will for generations yet to come. It Is a sentiment that is passing btautifui. It seems to me very well when .u live in Home to allow Romans to follow their own customs. L. M. Editor El Paso Herald: In a recent isfrue there aopeared a letter signed C. C. W, criticizing tr.e action of ian Jackson for ordering a Confederate flag to be unfuried on the people's courthouse. C. C. W. asks, doe3 M- Jacksun's position, 'given him by the people.' give him authority to "desecrate" public buildings in this way jjocs a flag for which heroes died, for which 10,00 mothers' boys gi'. th-i iif. ''I "l. destra.i a . u. cn which is the property of the children and grandchildren of these heroes of a lest cause' The perpetuation of sec tional feeling gathers more strength from one sucli letter as that uncharita ble one from C C W. than it does from the efforts of all the women and young er generation of the soutn to pay trib ute 01 IOVe ana respeec iu wieu wnu gave their lives for the cause they tharoptoned. If sectional strife is deau. why does C C W. take offence at the sight of the fetars and Bars? .Birdie rL 1 WEST MRIiI. Editor El liso Herald: I have jusl stnt the following letter to the Hon. John W. Kern. United States senator: working men ail over America are j watclnng with interest jour fight to ; inesticate conditions in West Virginia. r We honor ou for it. Io yo uknow docs the nation knm- "".i " f couu.uun " """ -. :"- -"" of Louisiana and Arkansas" Do you know of the murders and other crimes committed at Grcbron, La., on July 7, last year, by the.sawniill owners? To day those workers are suffering f r those crimes without anj relief in the courts. , , . , .More than 20 years age I worked for a sawmill at Lake Charles about six weeks, being handed each evening rour 1 pasteboard cards with money denomi nation marked thereon After I had accumulated a bunch. I called at In office and requested that they be pai 1 in U. S. money. I was informed that that was out of the usual order ana reany "could not be did." Thev provided a boarding house (that did not look good to me) and a commis sary, and that was all a sawmill hand really required. I-presented the matter to a lawyer who sat beside me in th. church choir ou Sunday. He informed me that if I did not like the sawmill methods I had better moe on, as th law offered no relief. So one night I rode the blind baggage into New Or leans, paw ned my watch nd began a different occupation. Do ou,wondr that I have my iaeas as to nj mere are tramps and hoboes? I only relate this to show that tn present condition is tne outcome of a system begun years ago. By all mear-, turn on the light, but don t stop at West Virginia too long. There are otl. er dark corners. I. C. Ruby, Secretary El Paso Socialist Local. PEACE FOR MEXICO. Editor El Paso Herald It has been suggested by speakers a: the chamber of commerce Thursday luncheons that the citizens of El ias could end tue factional disturbances l Mexico in a short time if they wuaW put their minds and hearts into it- In thinking thU matter over. I iaie felt the wisdom of tnis suggesu u. v n should we not make the atteroi-l? It s better to try and tail than nor to try . all. We are all heartilv sick ! I'll i-ontinuetl strife between "istas" an .nnfro " with it- conseau-'rtt WJ!l" T destruction of property md human 1 f' s.n we helieye that our neighbors, the j Mexican people, are equally tired of U oiwi wmiid welcome air friendly assit- ance we might offer in reaching a satis factory solution ox their trouoies. El Paso has been an interested ob server of this fearful struggle at close range from its beginning, and man) o our citizens are more intimately and. thoroughly familiar with the life and spirit of the people of Mexico than most Americans can possibly be. and for these reasons we might be able to for mulate some plan leading to a peace iui Wn- wnniii it not be a srood idea to have a conference at an early date ir. which the business and professional men. the city and county officials, rep resentatives of the various churches and other Christian and philanthropic organizations shall come together for a full and frank and free discussion r,t the situation with a view to its ulti mate solution. Who can tell what th.s might lead to? Nothing could bring greater honor to El Paso than for her to become the peacemaker between these poor strug gling people, and nothing could tend to bind more securely the friendship al ready existing between us. Kenneth Brown. RAIN AT LANGTRT. Langtry. Tex.. Juno 14. A two-inch rainfall last Sunday, followed by good showers on three successive days, has put the range in this vicinity in splen did shape, and all stock are in excellent condition. This has so far proved tne colest June known in years here. Tne ays have been quite cool aad pleasant and the nights cold enough for blan kets. G O O P S By GELBTT BURGESS ANNA BASIS You'd think a girl Kke Ansa Basis Would be akaKd of makmg faces. For then she's ugly. it it true. Not only out- hutiMtde, tool But staTshc does k everywhere; She is a Goop, and dcesn't care! Don't Be A Goop!