Saturday, July 12, 1913
EI, PASO HERALD
EEHY 16 MINUTE
Every 16 Seconds Some Workman Is Injured in Some
Peaceful Pursuit in the Country Eighty Percent
of the Accidents Can Be Avoided if Public and
Smpioyes Will Help 25,000 Children
Ballad Playing on Railroads.
By Edward L. Tinker, "Safety First" Supervisor, E. P.
s s. w.
OUR laws urt safeguards around
the birds of the air and the fish
in the seas: dumb oysters are
watched with Infinite care; the federal
government through its -various
bureaus has taken up the work of the
protection of our trees and forests anl
is inv estimating some method of sand
bagging the boll weevil in order that
cotton may grow; our coal lands in
far-away Alaska are being protected
lrom the greedy speculator, yet the
protection of our great army of work
men against unnecessary death and ac
cident has Just begun.
And it is that great army of work
men who have made us what we are
today, one of the foremost nations of
the world, and we must depend on
them for any future progress that we
Great Death Rate by AeeMent.
Do ou realize that every 16 minutes
of every hour of every day of the 365
davs of the year, there is a workman in
one of tne alleged peaceful industries
of the United States killed, and that
eery 16 seconds of every minute of
evcrv hour of the 3C5 days there is one
of that great army of workmen in
jured? IK) you know that this amounts to
?5 000 workmen killed per year, and
two million Injured Can you real
ize the amount of .suffering that fol
lows in the wake of 35,00 funerals
the widows, the orphans, the poverty
and sadness? Do you realize what
these two million injuries mean in suf
fering to the injured men themselves
and to their families? Do you realise
that many of them are cripples for life,
maimed and blind?
When you do. you begin to see the
importance of any method, and organ
ization, that can cut down this hor
rible list of casualties.
Up to date the railroads have had to
stand the curse of all these accidents
because they are the only industry
that has "been forced to make reports
to one central authority, the Interstate
Commerce Commission. Howeverr this
1. unfair because only one-tenth of the
25,000 workmen killed are railroad
people and only one-sixteenth of the
two million injured are railroad men.
cldemtu Mewrtlj- Preventable.
It is only recently that the causes of
accidents have been tabulated and a
pcientific study made of them. These
figures show that, roughly speaking.
SO pi rcent of this enormous number of
that of this 80 percent. 20 percent can i
Country Girl Now a Princess;
With $20,000,000, Was Lonely
JtLPJtOI)' ( i .v OF - RUCK'S T I'll .TOG OP MKS. JOSKPII STICKNEY
Bost in. M.'sf, July 12. Folk in Waltham, Mass., hearing about the recent
and unepected irarnag. of the former Mrs. Joseph Stickney, originally Car
Tic Fost. r, a typical country girl of Waltham, to the prince de Faucigny
T.ucinge recall a surprising statement Mrs. Stickney made to one of her old
1 "me f i iends at her beautiful mansion, on Fifth avenue. New York, when she
was in America, six months ago.
Mrs. Stickney, in referring to her deceased husband, said: "Joe left me
ever material comfort a woman could desire. But now I am lonesome. Mt
I ever marry again, it win be for companionship."
Carrie Foster wu 22. just out of Lasell seminary, where she first met Joe
Stickney, the wealthy mine operator and hotel owner. "He was 50 years of
age. This was in 196. Two years later they were married.
The marriage was a happy one. Stickney dividing his time equally be
t w een his wife and his business. His fortune grew by leaps and bounds, and
Then he died, in 1902, he left his beautiful widow $20,O0,0O. 'Among the
prominent americans who have been mentioned from 'time to time as suitors
for the hand of Mrs. Stickney were: Frank Hitchcock, former postmaster gen
tril John 3a & the diplomat, and Louis Bruiguierre, the San Francisco
.. . . , Va .mnlAVAN rtf 1&-
ne prevemea oy n aw- -
bor through installing safeguai ds on all
dangerous machinery and making the
working conditions of the men asMM
and sanitary as possible, but the re
nSini 60peent is af f
the workman themselves. "?"
some chance taking, some carelessness,
some negligence on the part of tne
workman killed or injured, or of some
body working with him. No method
of combatting the fallible human ele
ment that is the nesligence of work
menhad been found until safety or
ganizations were introduced.
AeeMenta Cbh Be Prevented.
As an illustration of what the safety
organization can do, many of the rail
roads have cut down their accidents,
both fatal and otherwise. 50 percent.
The Pennsylvania railroad shops em
ploy 35,000 men and they hay cut
down their accidents 63 percent: .
Smith, superintendent of the "
Steel company, one of the subsidiary
companies of the United States Steel
corporation, told me that last month his
pavmcnt for personal injuries amounted
to'onlv $42 and that he had a payroll
of four thousand men, ignorant for
eigners many of them, employed In one
of the most dangerous industries
steel rolling mills. Teaching safety has
Getting Batirfeyes Interested.
The safety organization accomplishes
its results in two ways. It is the man
on the job who knows the dangers or
his employment; the safetv organiza
tion provides a method of getting the
ideas of every employe as to the im
provement of safety conditions and as
to where dangers lie. These things
can then be remedied immediately be
fore someone is injured. Then, by
organizing the men themselves into
committees, it provides a method oy
which a campaign of education alnR
safety lines can be conducted, whicn
will spread to every employe in the
:-r t. H.AnA tha nkin interest
service, n iirc - ,
in taking care of themselves and in
not running useless ana """"
risks. It creates a public opinion vs.
Ctrix 1oih Number of Widow.
Safety organization throughout the
United States has cut down the num
ber of accidents, the number of wid
ows and orphans and a great deal ol
the suffering of the world. At the
same time, it has put money in the
pockets of the employers becau$
they are the ones who pay the cost or
In the Southwest the safety idea has
taken a firm hold and is spreading.
The El Paso Street Railway, the Cop
per Queen mines at Bisbee, the Can
anea mines, the C. & A. mines at Bis
bee, nave all taken up the work of ed
ucating their employes to avoid ac
cidents.. Southwestern'; Work.
Now. let me tell you what we are
doing on the El Paso & Southwestern.
r "Safety First."
We have an organization as a board
f last appeal, composed of all higher
Officials of the roaa; then a committee
of men on each division, composed of
men from the section foremen up to
the superintendent and a board in each
shop. These men meet and discuss
plans for safety and then they are put
into effect. If the superintendent can
put into effect the plans suggestea. he
does so; if not, he passes it up to the
board of last resort, where it is passed
Making Things Safe.
We have spent as high as $10,000 in
widening one cut because our board of
safety on the division recommended it.
We have re-equipped 100 cars with a
different sytle brake because the board
recommended it- We have moved ties
and poles and changed switches be
cause the board of employes recom
mended changes for more safety. It is
the man on the job who knows the
dangers and we invite suggestions
from him. At every terminal we have
postal cards and mail boxes where the
men are asked to write suggestions for
safety, to be forwarded to the super
intendent and by him presented to the
safety board. At these board meetings,
the section man has the same say as
the superintendent and his suggestions
are given as much considerati.on.
Getting the Men to Think.
Our road issues bulletins following
each accident and we tell how the ac
cident happened and how it could be
avoided. To our Mexican section hands
who cannot read English, we send pict
ures of accidents and how they might
have been avoided. ,
I have a number of cigars bearing
the label "Safety First." which I dis
tribute among our employes wherever
I go. They read the label, talk about
the cigars and then talk about the
On our pay checks each month we
have some new motto relative to safety.
One month the motto read: "It is bet
ter to be careful than crippled." We
try each month to bring out some idea
that will direct the attention of ajl em
ployes towards the idea of preventing
Because we have the best set of em
ployes of any railroad in the United
States, they are backing the Safety Or
ganization. The reason we have the
best men is that they are treated fairly
and are well paid. For these reasons
our men stay with us and the public
is not subjected to the dangers of a
A Heroic Trainman.
While on the subject of our em
ployes and their work in behalf of
safety, I cannot refrain from mention
ing the heroic act of P. W. Ankerson.
"herder" in the union depot yards at
El Paso, recently, when he saved a
passenger from being run over by one
of our trains. W. J. Feidt, of Fayette
vilie. Ark., the passenger, had come in
over the S. P. and was transferring a
dog from the S. P. baggage car to one
of the cars of our road, when the dog
suddenly jerked him across a track on
which one of our engines was backing
equipment. Ankerson saw the predica
ment of the man, who apparently was
so absorbed with the dog that he did
not see the approaching cars. and.
quitting his own work, leaped onto
the track and dragged the man off just
in time to prevent him being crushed.
The man was bruised a bit by being
pulled back so quickly over the slag,
tut his injuries were omy slight and he
was very thankful for his salvation.
Hostler James showed much presence
of mind in stopping the equipment as
he saw Ankerson make a rush for the
passenger and realized the peril of
the two men.
I am. proud to be in the same service
with a man of that type.
The reason I am telling you this is
that the public has a vital interest in
the kind of man we employ and in the
Safety Organization, because it means
to every person traveling on our sys
tem, greater safety, greater regularity
of train service, and it means also that
you will receive your freight in better
condition, and quicker, and will not
have so many freight loss claims to
The Pablic'H Less.
Now a word aout the public. If the
public will join with us in the work,
a great many lives can be saved and
M M '
Is Declared Most Important Development Since the Dis
covery of the Cyanide Concentration Process Smel
ter Is Now Set Up and in Operation in El Paso.
Some History of Copper Production and
Treatment in the IT. S. and the Old World.
(Continued from page 1. this section.)
those of us who, were to succeed them
m that work.
ThoroHghneMt of the Ancients.
It was my fortune to have charge, for
a number of years, of one of the large
nuning and metallurgical concerns in
that district, and I had thus the oppor-
, tunity of studying the methods of our
celebrated predecessors In that branch
An enormous quantity of Roman slag
is piled up at these mines and It is
found by analysis that this slag Is as
good and free from copper as that
' produced today in the most up to date
I Remains of some of their furnaces
I have been brought to light. These were
small reverberatjory furnaces, built en
tirely of stone and evidently heated
with wood fuel.
I mention this because, it is a re
markable fact, that in the course of
the 2000 years that have elapsed since
the Romans smelted ores in the Iberian
peninsula, the metnod employed to re
cover copper from its ores is bubstan
Mally the same.
Ancient MelktU Still.
It is true that by advances in me
chanical engineering, improved methods
of handling material and reduced work
ing costs, the furnaces of today are
larger blast furnaces have to a large
extent replaced reverberatories. but
that is alL
Ores are smelted by heat and the cop
per in a concentrated form is settled
out of mass today, just as it was 2000
Formerly miners took out only the
rich ores and left the poorer ores alone,
but as those richer deposits became
more and more scarce, means had to
ho devised for treating the low grade
The means emplu i J to nuike these
xiorer ores aailable for smtltins wa.
rHIS bank especially solicits your
personal account. Every man of
affairs will find it convenient to keep a
'personal deposit separate from the bank
account of his firm or business. This
account can be utilized to keep separate
the money used for private account,
household expenses, etc
.If you have not such an arrangement,
ve suggest that you open an account
with us, and pay with personal checks
drawn on this bank'
Make OUR Bank YOUR Bank.
We Pay 4 Per Cent Interest
on Savings Accounts
Bank 6c Trust Co.
Just Below Post Office
Good live man can make $500
monthly. Requires very small
capital. Anyone interested
write immediately Box 565.
many limbs preserved. Statistics
show that 181.379 people have been
killed or injured upon railroads while
trespassing. This does not mean that
they were tramps, but all sorts of peo
ple, killed upon railroad right-of-ways.
Many were walking along the roads to
take a shorter cut to their homes,
many were hopping trains to ride a
t short distance, many were children
Killed while playing upon tne trams.
Of the total number, only 36,27 were
hoboes. The largest number. 120.103,
were citizens residing in the vicinity
where they met death; 25,000 were
children under 18 years "of age.
If a milepost was erected every mile
for every child killed upon a railroad
track, the line would extend around the
world, everv milepost meaning the
death of a cnild. All were trespassers
pupon the right of ways of railroads.
Think of the heart aches that might
have been prevented if parents had
kept their children off the railroad
tracks, away from the depots, off the
A "llorrihle Example."
The other day a crippled boy passed
through El Paso taking care of a bunch
of race horses. Once he was a bright
boy, 15 years of age. with both legs
and a bright prospect before him. He
leaned against a box car on a railroad
siding he was playing in the railroad
yards and a switch engine came along,
kicked the string of cars, bumped the
boy and he fell beneath the iron
wheels and his leg was crushed off.
If he had only played outside the rail
road yard, he would still have had both
legs and might have been occupying
some high position in life; his missing
leg was a handicap to him in the bat
tle of life. Mothers and fathers. If you
do not want this to happen to your
children, keep them from playing
around railroad tracks.
Ddb'Ih For Children.
Here is something that I prepared
for the children we are going to issue
it in book form for distribution to them
hoping that thev will read it and pro
fit by it: it includes seven "'don'ts"
to grind them finely and concentrate
ihem. and appliances were borrowed
from the gold and tin inausines 10 car
ry that out.
This is where all the trouble and
SueeeKM of Concentration.
The success of concentration depends
on the difference in weight between
the valuable mineral and the barren
gangue. The difference in weight be
tween average copper mineral and the
barren material is approximately 5 to
3 1-2. which is sufficient to make a
fair separation with careful handling,
but unfortunately the mineral always
shows a persistant tendency to slime
-and float off with the tailings, which
go to waste.
A few days ago I read an account of
the operation of one of the large mines
in New Mexico, when they were min
ing, crushing and concentrating several
thousands of tons of copper ore daily
and making a saving of only 65 percent
"Where does the other 35 percent go to?
Undoubtedly it is lost.
Heavy I.oves of Values.
Several years ago I was commis-
sicned by a London syndicate to study
American methods of copper smelting.
in no i,t the largest works in the
country, where an immense tonnage is
treated daily, the tailings from the con
centrating plant, carrying one percent
of copper, passed into the river. I do
not know what proportion the tailings
bore to the whole, but it must have
represented a verv considerable loss.
These two examples of such heavy
losses in the preparatory stage to
smelting is enough to open our eyes to
the fact that there is something
wrong. , , ..
Add to these concentration losses tne
values carried away in the slags froia
the smelting furnace, which In the best
practice is never less than one-fourth
percent of c-op-per. and the heavy up
keep cost of a smelting plant, that has
to 1- ch.nged for. .im'i can under
stand why low gTaue copper mines, in
Should deposit his receipts in a
bank and make his disbursements,
except the smalt ones, by check.
That is the orderly, systematic
way that betokens the proper
handling of funds and that bears
the promise of growing balances.
This bank, dealing as it does,
largely with success builders, in
vites the aeocunts of all who aim
to place themselves on a solid
Sio Grande Valley
Bank & Trust Co
Knows Your Wants
Wants Your Business
107 Texas Street
relative to the railroads, all directed
to the child mind:
'ever cre-M the tracks by nlgat or
Without stopping to listen and leek
Never walk along the railroad ties
Yah ean't always trait year ears
Never hep on a freight, for Bathing
The woand received Hflder grinding
Never, on a hot or a saanj- day,
Sit beneath kox earn to rest or play.
Never crawl Hader a ear of freight
IVhcn the erowlncs blocked play
nafe. and wait.
Never jamp ob or off a mevlag
Tea rink lofting xe HBck -with noth
ing to gain.
Never play games 'reand the track
at the NtatioH
There are meh safer plaees to seek
this country cannot be made to pay if
the ores are to be smelted.
Greater S-avlHg 1H Spain.
In southern Spain and Portugal cop
per ores containing as little as one-half
percent are treated at a considerable
profit by weathering the ore, washing
out the resulting copper sulphate with
water and conducting the copper liq
uors through wooden canals, in 'which
the copper is precipitated on iron.
This method only recovers the cop
per; therefore if any gold or silver is
present, some other means has to be
Nature is always reaoy to teach a
lesson to those who have eyes to see,
and a remarkable example of this is to
De iouna m tne copper deposits of
Lake Superior Work.
Everyone, a ho takes the least inter
est in those matters, is more or less
familiar with the work being done on
large copper deposits in that district
There the gangue is a cellular lava,
the cells in which are filled with par
ticles of metallic copper. Some of these
particles are large, but many are so
small as to be only visible under the
"While copper mineral is less than
five times the weight of water, metal
lic copper is nine times tne weight of
water. Further, the metal cannot
slime, as the mineral does, and be car
ried off with the tailings. Therefore
all that the companies operating thes-:
copper deposits have to do is to mine
the ore, grind it as fine as required and
separate the copper from tbe gangue,
on concentrators. As the copper has
been prepared for concentration by na
ture, the companies make a recovery of
over 90 nercent.
The New Mexico Io.
Compare that with the 85 percent
recovery obtained by concentrating
crude ore in New Mexico, and you will
readily appieciaie the advantage to be
gained by having copper in the state
of metal before concentration is at
tempted. The question then before metallur
gists is: Can v.'e not devise some means
of repeating in a commercial manner
the processes used by nature in form
ing the Lake Superior copper deposits "
That question has been answered by
Dr. Dawson and a perfected plant, ar
ranged to treat 120 tons per day. is not
one of tbe established concerns of this
SBATTLK KIK GIVK KOCH ESTER
AN Mtt GROUP OF ELK
Rochester. N. T.. July 12. The 43th
reunion of the grand lodge of Elk
closed last night with a ball in lh-
state armory, attended by several thou
sand members of the order. Many vis
iting delegations left for home last
Before departing for Seattle, the Pa
cific coast lodge presented to the Roch
ester lodge an $8000 group of elk.
rnounfrd. The fcroup consists ot a bi-:
elk with mammoth antlers, a cow an 1
in i ig th1 nr 'm
The Net Result
It k not -what one earns, but what be saves, that
counts in the Jong run. From your weekly in
come deduct your expenses, and deposit die
difference promptly to your credit k the bank.
Your account is invited.
II Hi II D M
4-PXlD ONfeAVINGS DEPOSIT,
Banking bv Mail
Jnst as easy to open a savings account witi us as thongk y
lived next door.
WE PAY 4 percent Interest compounded Twice Every Year. We
do business under the Depositor's Guaranty Law of tbe State of Tesaa
and are a Guaranty Fund Bank as provided by such Law.
Our plan, in addition to being convenient, is safe, profitable and
liberal. Nobody has ever lost a dollar in a State bank in Texas.
Write today for our free booklet "BANKISG BY MATT," r
simply mail your deposit.
EI Paso Bank and
STATE NATIONAL BANK
ESTABLISHED APRIL, 1881.
CAPITAL, SURPLUS AKD PROFITS, $200,000.
INTEREST PAID ON SAVINGS ACCOUNTS
C. R. MOREHEAD, President. C. H. BASSETT, Vke PresMfct
JOSEPH MAGOFFIW, V. Pres. GEO. D. PLORY, CasMer.
L. J. GILCHRIST. Assc. Cashier.
J Moderns en&li5H:
I H DICTIONARY CERTIFICATE 1
IB J EL PASO HERALD, JULY 12, 1913
H six Ammmon certificates constitute aset gj
Sbowyoer eadonement of ttai great edocaticmiil opportunity by catting oat
tbe above Certificate of Appreciation with five others of concecBtire dates, and
presenting them at this office, with the expense bonus amount herein set
opposite any style of Dictionary selected (which covers the items of the cost of
pacldns. express from the factory, checking, clerk hire and other necexy
EXPENSE Hems) . and you will bo presented with your choice of these three boofcst
The S4.09 i Like illustrations
New It is the only entirely new compilation by the world's 21
MMtetH ElBsil greatest authorities from leading universities; is bound in fl
DICnONARYfull Limp Leather, flexible, stamped in gold on back and Xg
Illustrated sides, printed on Bible paoer, with red edges and corners g
rounded; beautiful, strong, durable. Besides the general contents, there T
are maps and over 600 subjects beautifully illustrated by three- 1 Z
r-r1rw nlatK nnmprrms snbiects bv monotones. 16 naees of l.V
educational charts and the latest United States Census. Present ' QO
at this office SIX CsnteCTtwc Certificates of Aspredatiaa sad the 7QV.
It is exactly the same
as the St.00 book, ex-
MMtall ElfKsil bindm which is in
DICTIONARY haJ' .
edges and I Boras of
with sonare corners. Sir Ap- J o-f
preciatfea Certificates and the QIC
Any Kook by MaH.
SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS.
Absolutely Fireproof, Modern, European. Summer Rates $1.00 to $3.00 per day.
HOTEL BUILT FOR THE CItfATE
PERCY TYRRELL, MGR.
Vew York 85.85
Washington, D. C. . 74.55
Chicago 57. 1 5
St. Lotris 52.65
Kansas Cky 40.65
On Sale UntiL Sept. 30th; Final LbnH October 3lsL
When going to California or Portland do not fail to visit ihe
GRAND CANYON Side trip, Williams to Grand Canyon
and return to Williams $7.50 addkionaL
W. R. Brown,
$150,00 O. OO
1ST I O
Ban k andTrust Co.
Paid on Settings
Trust Co., El Paso, Texas
in the announcements from day to day.) fl
Is is plain doth bind-
jog, stamped is gold
m . ana Dtacs: ; nas same
MwfR LUf USA paper, same iBnstra-
surTtnaiAir'v Sons, but aO
,,. .- of the col- I T 1111 11s 1 1
us 1 --re- ored plates iBee-sef
and cnarts are omitted. x ab m .
preciatieB Certtftc-te and the ;OC '
22c Extra for Pottage.
Colorado Springs ... 35.00
Grand Canyon 35.00
Los Angeles 40.00
San Diego 4tt00
Saa Fnmseo 50,00
San Francisco (CXk
way via Denver and
Portland -.- 70.00
J. S. Morrisson,
El Paso, Texas
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