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AN INDEPENDENT DAILY NEWSPAPER
DEDICATED TO THE SERVICE OF THE PEOPLE, THAT NO GOOD CAUSE SHALL LACK A CHAMPION, AND THAT EVIL SHALL NOT THRIVE UNOPPOSED. H. D. Slater, Editor-in-Chief and controlling owner, has directed The Herald for 15 YearSJ G. A. Martin is News Editor. L.PASO HERALD Editorial and Magazine Page THIRTY-THIRD YEAR OF PUBLICATION Superior exclusive features and complete news report by Associated Press Leased Wire and 260 Special Correspondents covering Arizona. New Mexico, west Texas. Mexico. Wash ington. D. C and New York. Published by Herald Newa Co. Inc.: H. D Slater (owner of two-thirds Interest) President J C Wilmartb lowner of one-fifth Interest) Manager: the remaining one-eighth Interest Is owned among 12 stockholders who are as follows: H. L. Careli. H. a Stevens. J. A. Smith. J. J. Mundy. Waters Davis. H. A. True. "dcUIennon estate. W. F. Payne. R. C Canby. G. A. Martin. A. I Sharpe. and John P. Ramsey. Wednesday, December Third, 1913. ! The Grief Habit OB, seighber sad hearted, with dolorous tongue, you probably started com plaining when young; you learned how to grumble at grandmother's knees, and not how to bumble and buzz like the bees! The habit grew stronger as years made their race, and longer and longer you pulled out your face; and loader and louder you voiced your soul pains, till people said, "Chowder the man has for brains." For grief is a habit like clucking with fowls, like fear to a rabbit, like hooting to owls. When once you have got it, there's nothing will please; your spirit, dod rot it, is never at ease; you roar when it's raining, when heavens are Use; complaining, complaining, is all you can do. So, parents and grannies, keep tab on the kids, the Neds and the Nannies, the Susies and Sids, and when they're repining and freeful and cross, say, "There'll be no whining while I am the boss!" Jnst nse and command them to come from their perch, up-end them and hand them ten cents worth of birch. (Copyright by George M. Adams.) WALT MASON. Newspaper Independence and Influence FROM the New York World we quote the following interesting comment brought out by the sale and discontinuance of the San Francisco Call: "Anasuncement that the San Francisco Call after more than 50 years of life has been sold to a rival paper, and that publication will cease with the current month, is another illustration of the peculiar demands a newspaper makes upon its proprietors. "ANY OTHER KIND OF BUSINESS CAN BE CARRIED ON SUC CESSFULLY IN CONNECTION WITH DIFFERING LINES, BUT JOURNALISM THRIVES ONLY WHEN MAINTAINED IN ABSOLUTE INDEPENDENCE. "John D. Spreckels, recent owner of the Call, is a millionaire of eminent business ability. In many lines of endeavor his efforts have achieved distinguished success. In the case of the Call only has he failed in any large enterprise to turn his energies into profit. "He does not stand alone in this respect. His experience has but repeated that of many another millionaire desirous of controlling a metropolitan newspaper and directing the power it exercises. "All such efforts have failed even when made by business men of sech financial ability as Jay Gould and Mark Hanna " Of the El Paso Herald more than 90 percent of the stock is owned by the men who actively edit and manage it, and who have made it their life business. For this reason, the absolute independence of the El Paso Herald is insured, to its readers. Smashing Another Precedent PRESIDENT WILSON, may not be prompt in his decisions as to Mexican and Panama affairs, but he is painfully abrupt in his social decisions in Wash ington ana-has given democracy a new turn and society several turns. His last upheaving decision is that there will be no New Year's reception at the white house. It has been an unbroken custom of all presidents to hold the New Year's reception. Diplomats, in full court costume, a splendid throng, soldiers, navjf officers, justices of the supreme court, war veterans and military organizations called on the president, and afterwards anybody could go and the waiting line often stretched many blocks. The streets were filled with men in gala dress, and after calling at the white house, officers and diplomats m scarlet and gold and feathered Jiats, made the rounds calling on their friends, and the plain citizen also in frock coat, gray trousers and silk hat, made the rounds. From noon until midnight Washington has always been very lively and gay on New Year's day. New York, who keeps turning the fashions over as she keeps turning money over and cannot abide the old or established, gave up New Year's calls years ago, and seeffed at Washington fox being so old fashioned; but so long as the president kept open house, Washington kept up the friendly old custom and is now much surprised and pained at Wilson so peremptorily breaking it down. It is hard on the president to have to bow and smile at the throngs, but it is very nice for the multitude to have the one time when they can go to tho president's house and say howdoyoudo to him and receive a piece of a bland smile and greeting. For City Betterment M ASSACHUSETTS has held a city was productive of a lot of good talk that El Paso could think over profit ably. ' Get after the homesick people, said one man. Have civic centers in all the school houses, send good public speakers to make short addresses on pertinent civic topics or civic ideals, encourage people to come and to ask questions and criticise and express their own ideas. Encourage building loan associations and cooperative banks. Make it possible for every man to buy a house for himself at from $2000 to $2500 on long terms, and easy payments. Have the houses with a big living room big enough for a family plus hospi tality. Have a yard for the children and good wife to get the air without getting out ef touch-with the baking or washing or the necessary cares. Have a garden for father to work off his bad tempers and his wounded vani ties and all his grouches in. There never was anything better for the mind than digging in a garden. Have playgrounds everywhere for children, real playgrounds accessible to every neighborhood. Facilitate business by opening streets, clearing sidewalks, and keeping the curbs free ef standing vehicles. Naming the Franklin Peaks BETTER get in the game of naming the peaks of Franklin. Just think what a pleasant thing it would be, if you should win the first place, to have it to remember always that you actually named the peaks. It would be a unique distinction in your life, almost as satisfying to your pride as if the peaks were named after yourself. The choice of a suitable list of names will be left to the whole body of school children, to vote upon after the various lists have been submitted. The prizes will be awarded upon the verdict of the school boys and girls; after the three lists most favored have been thus determined, a committee of judges will carefully examine the selected lists to see if they can be improved by a change here and there. Then the final list will be announced, and the -school boys and girls will be invited to write essays upon it, competing for another series of prizes. You will get more enthusiastic about naming the peaks if you once try ta climb them. They all look rather jumbled together from the city, but when you get on top they look very far apart and hard to climb. Go up next Saturday and get acquainted with your mountains. 24 Years Ago Today From The Herald This Date 1S90. Mrs. S B. Ke-wcomb, of Las Cruces, is in the city. , Charles Miller, of Anthony, N. M., Is in the city today. W E. Baker is in the city on busi ness from Las Cruces. Miss Carolyn Townsend, of Organ. X. M. is visiting in the city. C. B. James, the well known mining expert, has returned from New York city. Mrs. A. G Marshall and daughter are visiting Mrs. Morgan Baker, of this city Field Bovee, of the G H., freight de partment, is spending a few da s' leav e of absence in Houston. Mrs. Lettle Morrill and niece. Miss Comthers, are v isiting Mrs. Louis Behr, of 606 Magoffin avenue Among other exploits of the Eddv party on Thanksgiving day at Cloud croft was the killing of a fine deer. A. G Foster, United States district attornev, went to Pecos, Tex , today on business. He will be gone several days. H. N. Posons. auditor of the Santa Fe railroad in this city, has been ten dered an offer of a position with the Detroit Copper Mining company, at AIorencL Ariz. During the absence of special officer and town planning conference, and it Hamtilton Hayner, of the G. H., night watchman Hood is taking his place while Jim Wall, the watchman at Valentine, is up to take the night shift The annual fiesta began in Juarez today. The population of the town was doubled in the afternoon. Hundreds of El Paso people went over the river. The health officers were unusually strict in requiring those returning to produce certificates. The work on the proposed Mexican Central depot at Juarez is progressing steadily under the direction of con tractor M. B. Valm. Marble will be brought from the mountains a mile and a half east of Juarez for the fac ings of the building. buperintendent J. E. Hurley, of the Rio Grande division of the Santa Fe railway, came In this morning with as sistant superintendent G. E. Ayer Mr. Hurley said that he expected H. U. Mudge, the new general manager, down in El Paso sometime after the first of the year. Jake Catlin presided ov er the minute books at the meeting of the city coun cil last night, his brother, Ben, being absent. Alderman Whltmore read a petition for the extension of the side valk and other improvements around the new Hotel Sheldon Millard Pat terson, by request of Mr Clifford, spoke as a c'tizen and not as Mr Shel don's lavvver S J Freudenthal also spoke Architect Parfitt for the sake of the cit asked th-U the siV ilk on the side of Little pla7a be -nidei ed. Slaves ny GEORGE FITCU. Author of "At UooJ Mid Mvrnsh. A SLAVE is a person who has to do what his master bids him, and can not take the case to the supreme court. Slaves were once very plentiful in this bad world, and literature is filled with their suiferings and oppressions. It is carelessly believed by most people that the slaves were freed long ago and that mankind is now in a state of universal riotous freedom. Xothmg could be farther from the truth. There are more slaves than ever, and their sufferings have been greatly enlarged in scope and variety. Millions of men rise every morning with the firm resolve to issue an eman cipation proclamation declaring them selves free forever from thirst. But by noon they can be found with one foot on the bar, sowing wild oats and reaping headaches without pay, in the same 6hl style. Millions of men have smoked their last cigar 'with heroic resolve and have sworn to buy homes with the money to be saved. Those who have never seen a cowed and humble citizen hunting for the cigar box which he tossed out of the window the night before have missed "With a firm resolve to issue an emanci pation proclamation" one of the most pathetic instances of Every day in this happy country we notice saddened men wearily handshak ing their way through life. These men -would give anything to be able to hang their feet on the mantel piece at night and rest in peace for a whole evening, but they are not their own masters. Their constituents own them and thev will not be free until they are defeated at the polls. Many a happy and prosperous man has, in the last ten years, been suddenly j taken captive by a huge and overbearing automobile andhas been compelled to dedicate his life and income to its ser vice. What can be more heart rending! than the case of the poor wretch who works overtime each day in order to OATTI file mnnpv f11" mcAltna o.il ttIia 1 ' must vthen spend each evening cleaning I spark plugs and hunting for the elusive I and maddening squeak? Laeh Sunday the demon eolf enters J thousands of American homes, and drags irora mem prostesiing jounir men. who had prepared to go to "church, bat are not allowed to do so. And eath ev emng ' ABE MARTIN A feller's at home wherever his fbacker is regardless o' his hat. When does a college student find time t' study? other, thousands of citizens struggle glumly into evening clothes and follow their wives through $5G.7o worth of bridge whist while the billiard table at the ekib languishes in idleness. There are only a verv few men who are not slaves, but thev need not puff up over it. They may have escaped golf, politics, bridge whist and the automobile, but who can tell when an aeroplane will be domesticated and whom it will en slave! Copyrighted by George Matthew Adams. (This Is one of the regular features of The El Paso Herald.) Letters to The Herald. ("All communications must bear tho signature of the writer, but the namo will be withheld if requested. LIERARY READING. Editor El Paso Herald: I doubt hether the one public library of this city is to be compared, in regard to attendance, to a single motion picture house, and there are here a dozen, more or less, such houses. To get to the point, when a very late and excellent book, such as "Bobbie, General Manager," by Olive Higgins Prouty. remains in the corner of a very prominent shelf of the library for several successive days, it Is time that library readers, as v ell as "movie fans," should wake up and take notice. Copies may be found on both the duplicate and seven day shelves. The book will interest young and old. and is worth a dozen everyday motion picture amuse ments. What is more, there should be a good many wore Just such general managers, both In real (reel) life-as well as fiction. Tours truly, Evelyn Buchanan. F VRAIINGTO" DISTILLER" SEIZED. Santa Fe, X. M, Dec 3 In the case of the United States vs. the Farming ton distillery, judge W. H. Tope, in the federal district court Tuesday ordered the distillery forfeited tp the United States. The plant is worth about $5000. Including stock on hand The forfeiture is an aftermath of the con viction last weeK of James T j; aj , for mer manager, for attempting to defraud the government out of internal revenue tax. A Stop at the Roadside GOO PSl By GELETT BURGESS JOSEPH REESE At climbing oaks and apple trees, No one is smarter than Joe Reese; " But Oh, the awful holes he tears In every pair of pants he wears! And Joe, who is a Goop, most times Has his best clothes on when he climbs! Don't B& A Goop! (Thin Is one of the regular features of The LI Paso Herald.) The Searchlight MORE BOOKS TIIA"V EVER. BEFORE. THE past fiscal year showed the greatest production of copy righted books in the history of the United States. The total number copyrighted and printed In the United States "was approximately 27,50t,,-,-as compared with 26,500 the yearr'befo"re This is three times as many as wfere copyright only U.jNars' apo. , " . The oteccopyrtfm. -buslfiSB 4& year, including 'iiatanhlats. rasc, drama, periodicals; engravings, paint ings, and the like brought the tptjil number of copyrights registered up to about 125.000. The United States has become the world s foremost producer of litera ture, in qnantitv. if not in quality. The records of no European copyright of fice compares with the 191S record of the American office. The copyright office is one of the few institutions of the American gov ernment, that are self supporting. It annually earns from J10.0O9 to $25,008 more than it expends, and this comes out of the pockets of those who pro duce the country's literature. (This Is one tf the regular features of The El Paso Herald.) OVERCOVT IS STOLEN FR03I OWNER'S AUTO A Escontnas. who Tuesday night stooped his automobile at the Postal Telegraph compan's building. Texas and Oregon, missed his overcoat from ' valued the coat at 550 "This Is My Birthday Anniversary" IT WAS a rough, windy morning, the paper was late, and the man of the house had got grouchy watching for it. He was about to teJephont. when he espied the boy a door or two away. What was that boy doing The man looked sharply and saw him stop at each gate, fold the paper cart fully, then pick up a rock and put it on the paper so that it would not blow away. The man of the bouse quickly lost his grouch. "Bless the boy," lie said, "he'll amount to something in life." Herald readers do not need to be told that the above incident didn t occur in this city, because the El Paso newspapers are so uptodate that thev use rubber bands on their papers all kinds of days; but, of course, then are a lot of carrier boys in El Paso who would have been just as thought tul Wonder if there are any m today's birthday anniversary list! It follows Ernest Bliss, 10. Harold Cornwall, 12. Floyd' Harris, 15. Hugh Worthington, 9. Helen Lindsay, 12. Anna Windberg, 17. John Crouehett, 15. Dillard Bultard, 8. Arthur Howard Clayton was 5 years old on December 1. Each lxvy and girl in the above list ean secure a ticket to the Unique theater admitting two by applying at The Herald office. '"Miss Birthday ' has the tickets in charge. English Postage Cheaper Brlttons Pay Less For 'Letters and Fixed Charge of 1 Cent Each on Newspapers. ny Frederic J. Haskin WASHINGTON, D. C. Dec. 3. It has been generally conceded heretofore that European mail systems have had certain advan tages over the American system, in that they provided certain functions for the promotion of intercourse among the people that were omitted in the United States. Latterly, nowever, these cri ticisms to the advantage of the Ameri can postal service have been largely overcome, and if present plans are car ried out, our system will be as ef ficacious as that of any country in the world. The English mail system is easily th? most interesting of all foreign mail svstems from the American point of view, since it is the mail system of a people of kindred tongue and kindred ancestry. The first thing that impresses the stndent of that system is the low letter rate. Where we pay 3 cents a pound for handling our letters In the United States, at thtt lowest, and perhaps 50 cents a pound at the high est, since the fraction of an ounce counts as an ounce, the user of the mails in England may mail heavy let ters for the same amount that we mail light ones. Two cents for four ounces and one cent for each additional tw ounces is the rate that the Britisher pays on his letters. In other words, a letter that would cost eight cents to in the United States costs two s in England. -Advantages and Disadvantages 0f course, on the bulk of the mall that goes through the British postal service, in letter form, the charge is approximately the same as in the United States, since the average letter weighs under an ounce, and therefore takes the two -cent rate; but when we come down to the business house which wants to send some printed matter along vith the letter itself, the ad vantage is greatelv In favor of the British postal service The newspaper rate in England also is interesting. The charge is one cent for each newspaper, no matter what Its size or weight, and if they are nundled together it is still the same rate, -with the exception that where a bundle in this way would take a higher rate than if the package were sent through is ordinary printed mat ter the latter rate may be applied. Provides for Phone Artvlceu- Another interesting provision of the British postal service is the railwav letter service. Suppose you are in London and you want to get a letter to a man in Southampton in quick order. You may go down to the rail way station, buy a four cent stamp, pnt it on your letter in addition to the regular postage, and turn it over to the first railroad. It has to carry that letter to Southampton by the first train and there mail it to the addressee. Or. with an additional pre paid fee it will telephone the addres see that it has the letter at the rail road station for him. This telephoning businesss may be carried further than this. If you wish to send a letter through the ordinary mail you mav prepay the cost and when "the letter arrives at the post office to which it is addressed, tfc.e postmaster will promptly telephone the addressee mat it is mere suDjecc io his call. Pennltv for on Payment. It very often happens in every coun try that mail is sometimes dispatched without the prepajment of postage, mostiv by accident, and that It some times is underpaid. In our country we hold that kind of mail, except in a few cases, and notify the addressee that it is held at the office of mailing until he forwards the necessarj postage. In England the mail is forwarded as promptl as any other mail, and douoie postage Is collected in the case of un paid postage, and double the deficiency in the case of a deficient prepayment. The ha'penny post is a feature of the British service. If a person wants to mail a manuscript, for instance, or any other piece of writing that is not In the ncture of a letter, he gets a rate of one cent for two ounces If an American writer sends a manuscript weighing four ounces through the mall, he must pav two cetts. The English system has but one kind of stamps, and thev are the same aa are used in collecting the revenues, the problem of accounting simply being re versed to meet the conditions It also ooerates the telegrauh and the tele phone business, and runs a parcel po't service as outlined in another article in this series. Germany Has llodern System. Perhaps the most progressive of alt the countries in the world in postal matters Is Germanv It was here that the parcels poet sv stem had its orisin. and that many another innovation in the art of promoting the interchange of corresoondence and merchandise had its inception Here the govern ment will act eo as bill collector for sums up to about $200 Suppose, for instance, a tradesman in Berlin has a bill for $100 against a citizen of Pols dam He goes to the postofflce, sign3 a recemt. turns it over to the postal authorities, and thej transmit it to Potsdam, when a representative of the postal service calls on the debtor ami asks for the settlement of the account He gets the monev, delivers the re ceipt, and remits the proceeds to the creditor, deducting a very small com mission for the service iisuallv about a cent on everv $2 This service has been made a part of the postal estab lishments of nearly all the conntrles of Europe, England. Denmark, and Sweden being the notable exceptions. Hns Siiecinl Rook Service. , In Switzerland there is a special r-ook service between the bookseller and the bookbuer The bookseller pavs a cent or two for having a book carried to a prospective purchaser for Inspection If the purchaser decides to buy it the postal service has finished its mission in the case, but if he de cides he docs not want it. the post of fice returns it to the bookseller with out additional charge Switzerland ul so has a provision in its postal laws whereb legal summons may be issued and served b mall iKHticx Letters of Credit. Itnly has been a progressive coui,- tr in the development of its postal sericc It issues letters of red't for sma'I fi c- so that the i,lderits oi on; com'iunit' tnoiin in a 'tune com- mu-ntj, maj get funds to meet their i The Sticker The Dally Novelette. "IValfc on walk vnlk on walk on "Walk on walk on walk on. PETTIWELL SMITHEF.S stumble, almost fell, and his classic fea tures writhed with exhaustion "This is horrible I" he groaned. I am afraid I cannot walk' much furthe I have well nigh (see footnote) reair 1 the limit of my endurance." But he staggered on and on and o i for with Pettiwell Smithers, duty e e1 came first "I have started." he muttered be twee gritted teeth, "and I will finish " An official strode up to him "Smlther." he said compassionate 1 "Tour services are invaluable but l r be it from me to further the goJ cause at the expense of a faith ru man's life. My good man, you had better rest'" "Never cried Pettiwell Smithe-s. "I feel that each step may be mj la11 but never will it be said that P r -well Smithers started something i e couldn't finish! On On" And the faithful floorwalker, In sp " of his tight shoes, finished out tue day. Footnote: (Damn near.) (This Is one of the resnlnr features of The EI Paso Herald.) needs as they travel, saving then from the necessity of carrjuig lar- sums on their persons. Some coun tries, among them German isi e identification carets fo 'citizens travel ing hi parts of the conntrj-'wftere tr- i are unacquainted. Thi Includes a small photograph of the person to whom thecard is made out. and he 3 vouched for in such terms as the cae requires. Japan has an interesting postal h'3 tory. There, as in England, the fi-s postal service was that of tne m al carriers: but England outgrew them centuries ago, while Japan's! preset postal system dates onlv from 1S71 It Is modelled largely after those of the niwe progressive European ser vices, even down to the system of col lecting bills by poet. 31nns Years of "Work. "When the arftrage individual matt a letter to- a foreign country he has li tle idea of the negotiations that went on for many long years Before lnte-ra-tional cooperation in Doatal matters . reached the stage where practically ine wnoie woria conid oe united iif one vast postal svstem. where the mails of each countrv could be ac corded protection and transit through everv other country, and. protected un til they reached the hands of the ;3 dressees. In li6 the United States proposed an international congress on postal tran ters and this congress was followed h another meeting m IS4. when it fis agreed that the individual treaties i e tween the several countries should supplanted by a universal postal tree and that any nation might enjoy '""-a benefits of the international ps I union upon a ratification of this trtaf Treaty Revised In 1S37. This treaty was revise-! in 1n7 t- i provides the methods of interehanc: r mail between toe signatory count- e It guarantees the right of tars throughout the entire region cov t -e . bv the several countries, and the may be sent either In closed pou'es or in the open seraee "Where a passes through a coantry en rout fr tue country of origin to- the country r destination, the country of origin m s pav- a stipulated sum -per hundr pounds, this sum being scaled accor . ing to distance. Tbe five cent pos'a? rate on letters applies wherever th " is no other agreement between tw 3 countries , Each country keeps all the postage collected. Prisoners of "war held in a neutral country are entitled to use tha mails of the world, postage free b" i in the receipt and dispatch of t . . With regard to registered mail, spe a delivery service, money order serv r-. undelivered articles, and the like e agreement of the postal union follows the practice of the more progress e countrseg. The daily interchange of mall r.--tween all these countries, covc-ij perhaps nine tenths of the face of the earth, represents the most extensive form of international cooperation ar -where to be found, and the success that has followed it shows in eloqiur way the possibilities of Internatio I cooperation and forgetfnlness of bo " darv lines. Thursday Money orders and reg s tered mail. (This. Is one of the regular features of The EI Paso Herald.) 1G0 Years Ago Today Y One hundred years ago today the people oi tne cmtea states were eagTir anticipating the meeting- of the Thir teenth Congress, on December 6 Tue newspapers were indulging in tomasts of the session, much as do th nc papers of th- present. Tho v r with Great Britain tailed lor v -orous editorials. In its issue one hundred years ago today the "B ton Advertiser' had this to sav coni. r--mg the meeting of Congress: 'Agene'-i! and strict embargo, it is expected v I be one of the first measures adopt . This would effectually pnt a stop to ti system oi smuggling- and feeding t i enemy v, hich has so long existed, and r -uuce the price of bread stun" among on -selves. " itbout energy, it is rulicah is to think of carrying on the war I i 3 salutary principle must be infused mtj every department, both civil and m ' tary. jree trade, no impressment inl the Canadas as compensation lor tj1 plunders under tho brcvaneering or 1 3 in council should be the watchword (This Is one- of the rpjrular features of The EI Paso Hcrald.I ?.EW "URXICO UU VRIKON V POSTMASTERS REAPPOINT! D Washington D.,C Dec. 1 Louis v Bishoi v as toiav reappointed po t tei at Cibola, and Blanche M ! t-aln e nn IVnito Mar-" v s r- j t it B'ack i..vU- and Mhu r K Baik at " anadiuni, N ij.