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El Paso herald. (El Paso, Tex.) 1901-1931, December 09, 1913, Editorial and Magazine Page, Image 4

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THIRTY-THIRD YEAR OF PUBLICATION
Superior exclusive features and complete news report by Associated Press Leased Wire ana
P2C9 Special 'correspondents covering Arizona. New Mexico, west Texas. Mexico. Wash-
Pnbnsf eonDy'HTraWdNeevWJ Conine: H. D. Slater (owner of two-thirds Interest) President;
Pnbljsned by Heram g" one-fifth interest) Manager: , the remaining one-eighth
intfirWt Is ; owned among 12 stockholders who are as follows: H. U Capell. EL B.
Stevens J Z JmlthV J. J. Mundy. Waters Davis. H. A. True. McGlennon estata.
W P Payne aCCaW A. Martin. A- L. Sharpe. and John P. Ramsey.
AN INDEPENDENT DAILY NEWSPAPER
DEDICATED TO THE SERVICE OF THE PEOPLE, THAT SO GOOD CAUSE SHALL
LACK A CHAMPION, AND THAT EVIL SHALL HOT THRIVE UNOPPOSED.
H. D. Slater, Editor-in-Chief ana controlling owner, has directed The Herald for 15 Years
G. A. Martin in News Editor.
EL PASO HERALD
Editorial and Magazine Page
Tuesday, December Ninth, 1913.
The 111
THE cold wet rain kept sloshing down, and flooded yard and street. My uncle
cried: "Don't sigh and frown! It's splendid for the wheat!" I slipped
and fell upon the ice, and made my forehead bleed.. "Ghee whiz!" cried
uncle, "tbiB is nice! Just what the icemen need!" A windstorm blew my whiskers
off while I was writing odes. My uncle said: "Don't scowl and scoff 'twill dry
the muddy roads!" If fire my dwelling should destroy, or waters wash it hence,
my uncle would exclaim, with joy: "You still have got your fence!" When I
was lying, sick to death, expecting every day that I must draw my final breath,
I heard my uncle say, "Our undertaker is a jo, and if away you fade, it ought to
cheer you up to know that you will help his trade." And if we study uncle's
graft, we find it good and fair; how often, when we might have laughed, we
wept and tore our hair! Such logic from this blooming land should drive away all
woe; the thing that's hard tor you to
(Copyright by George M. Adams.)
Business Conditions
0 FAS, there is nothing but good
comes from eastern financial centers, bearing upon the general course of
trade and industry, and the outlook for the future. Exports are breaking
all records, while imports are not up to maximum, bringing about a very favorable
trade balance that will mean the piling up in Europe or great gold reserves to
which the United States is entitled when it feels the need. The trade balance in
our favor during October was the greatest in the national history. The exports
are chiefly manufactured goods, and the manufactures have of course been built
up under the American national protective tariff system, which has made it pos
sible for the United States to enter the markets of all the world and has helped
5o make this nation the greatest exporting nation on earth.
Trade is not exactly booming over the country, but all commentators agree
that the holiday trade wiU be up to the usual mark. Wholesale and retail trade
everywhere are sound and active, with more advance buying than has been the
trule of recent months. Speculation has been reduced to a minimum, and the
volume of business on the New York exchanges has fallen below the lowest
records of a quarter century. But the money of the people is beimj used to a
greater extent in normal and legitimate employment rather than in gambling
which after all makes up a considerable part of stock market transactions at all
times.
Bank statements the country over, are regarded by the financial writers as
indicating sound conditions conservatively met, with no undue expansion or en
couragement of speculative outlay, but with all due regard for the needs of going
businesses.
The worst feature in the whole situation is the inability of the railroads to
make the necessary expenditures for renewal, replacement, new construction and
equipment The interstate commerce commission is now considering 'the applica
tion of the roads for permission to increase freight rates in eastern and central
territory by about 5 percent. Such an increase would not be felt by the ultimate
consumer in the least degree, but it would enable the railroads to make some fair
effort to keep up with the needs of their territories and maintain the standard of
service which the American people require.
In general, the business situation and outlook are sound and favorable to future
improvement. TheTe is absolutely no reason to apprehend any recession from the
present stage of business development and advance, nor is there likely to be any
greater stringency in, the money market than has existed during the last few
months, while improvement in this respect is confidently looked for immediately
upon the enactment of a currency bill.
o
It is not so very many years ago that a prominent merchant in this city arose
in a chamber of commerce meeting and urged that the business men oppose a
union passenger station, his argument being that by having four or five different
stations, passengers in transferring would often miss their trains and thus would
be compelled to wait over in El Paso while otherwise they would just skip through.
The principle is the same as that of a merchant without customers, who, to make
sure of having some prospect to talk to, left a manhole cover in the sidewalk
loose and had the victims all carried into his place of business, where he generally
sold them a coat or a pair of trousers to take the place of the torn ones.
o
Calloused To the Good Things-
MAYBE it's- all right to become calloused to the bad things, as to a larre
extent we have all become with regard to affairs in Mexico, but it is not
all righJVto become calloused to the good things. El Paso is not so
far advanced that she can permit herself to be indifferent to a single item making
for her prosperity and progress. And the enlargement of the El Paso smelter, now
under way, is one of those things that might well be celebrated with en
thusiasm, but that there is danger of failing to note with the emphasis due its
importance.
The El Paso smelter is spending $350,000 to increase by one-half its copper
output A few years ago the item would have caused a tremendous amount ofi
congratulation among our people, the after luncheon orators would have spoken
of the event as "marking a new era," there would have been special cars to the
site, the breaking of ground by a couple of governors with silver spades, and
maybe a "pee-rade past the principal saloons" as Abe Martin says; with, of course,
the inevitable banquets. Today, the event of "beginning grading for the extension"
passes almost without notice.
It is, in a way, one sign of El Paso's growth, that we are all so indifferent;
but it is nothing to be proud of, and this city suffers in proportion as it is in
different to such news.
No city ever becomes so large but what tie employing of one more workman,
the building of one more cottage, should be an event faithfully chronicled and duly
comprehended as important in itself.
The El Paso smelter is one of the largest producers of copper matte in th
world, and turns -out a substantial fraction of the world's supply. The enlarge
ment of this plant is an event of signal importance in the mining world. Coming
at this time, when mining is being greatly stimulated in the American southwest
partly by reason of the cessation ofwork in Mexico, tne news is particularly
welcome as indicating the increasing importance of El Paso as a center of the
metal mining industry.
o
Mexico is the place where 1000 fully armed men start up from nowhere, rapidly
multiply to 5000, then to 10,000, and dwindle to 137 generals and a private when
ths7 get near a border town where there is a telegraph station. They use ghosts
in their armies like the El Pasoans used to use dead men in city elections. "When
de shells is missin,' den dey load wiv punkins all de same to mek'de cowards;
nm."
C
To Rob and
AN OLD TIME gambler writes to The Herard asking that this paper taka
up the matter of the crooked games in Juarez and expose them. He says
the faro game is robbery, and "the crap game is so crooked that the dice
would turn over a log if they were tied to it" which is something of a classic in
itself. He pays his respects to the roulet, poker, and shell games in terms equally
forceful and definite.
The writer of the letter seems to have been surprised at what he saw. But
why anybody should be surprised to see a crooked "game of chance" being run
for the benefit of tne house, is the real thing to be surprised at. Anybody who
goes against a gambling game expects to get something for nothing expects to
get a roll of somebody else's money without doing anything to earn it. Thar is
the robber's instinct The "house" sometimes has to learn new tricks in self
defence.
Among the weak and immature, the gambling instinct is something that
should be treated by government as a disease to be fought and quarantined against
like any other plague. And the men who, promote gambling and make it their,
professional business to make new gamblers all the time, are dangerous to any
community, like the rats that carry bubonic plague. The town that will tolerate
them is very far gone, financially and morally.
o
One-Sentence
JOURNAL ENTRIES.
(Topeka Journal.) "
Any number of people lose their
heads without suffering serious con
sequences. Black sheep of the human variety
axe like black birds. They flock to-,
gether.
What's sauce for the goose ought to
he cauce for the gander, but it gener
ally isn't.
It's peculiar that bridge is so pop
ular among women in view of the fact
that it places a ban on conversation.
QUAKER MEDITATIONS.
(Philadelphia Record.)
Many a fellow who aims at happiness
Is a mighty poor shot.
The man who never pays his debts
continues "to borrow trouble.
The doctor wants his patients to be
well heeled as well as well healed.
Don't object to a littTe abuse. Many a
man has beer kukfd n to p-omim i r
Therp ar" m n u ft r. -,t kn d- .if
f' i it ri.it. d'r. .. try lo be all .. f ttui"
at oi.ee.
Wind
stana, is gooa ior jucnara jrcoe.
WALT MASON.
Sound and Healthy
news and encouragement in the word that
Be Robbed
Philosophy
FOISTED PARAGRAPHS.
(Chicago News.)
The school for scandal has no vaca
tions. The matchless beauty starts the con
flagration How a man does enjoy spending
money if he can't afford it! v
Most men spend more time talking
it over than working at it.
Some women get more joy out of a
grieance than out of a blessing.
A woman can beat a man at an
argument but that proves very little. .
GLOBE SIGHTS.
(Atchi&on Globe.)
It i hard to keep jour friends, and
use them, too.
Hold our patience and your job, Is
about the best piece of advice we can
thiiik of just now.
About the rarest t pe of man is the
one who m..kes a mistake by sticking
too pIo"- to h's ion
iiol' r "ii., m f i i of the Tien
T ' .' I i' i- u '.?n t keep as
1 .. s t '! cd fru'i.
Waters Swirl In Waco
One Day In Kl Paso Is "Worth 40 In
Flooil-Itiddcn City, Says Tom
I.ea; Ylttle) Interviews.
I
T is impossible to approximate the
damage done by the floods at
' "Waco, Texas, which left hundreds
of persons homeless, according to Tom
Lea, who returned from that city Sun
day. For three days there 'were no train
communications out of the flooded
city, and for that length or time Waco
was practically isolatea. -.Train com
munications from Waco south had not
been established up to the time that
Mr. I.ea left there, which was Friday
night.
A heavy downpour started Monday
morning and continued until Friday
night, Mr. Lea said. The waters be
gan to swirl in the downtown section
of the city, inundating the lower por
tion of the city. Houses were swept
away, and hundreds were homeless
within a few hours. The city of Waco
immediately organized a relief com
mittee and 9000 was subscribed to the
fund to take care of the sufferers.
"Just to visit that section of the
slate makes a man love El Paso," de
clared Mr. Lea. "I would not trade
one day here for 40 there."
"Enrique Portillo died game," an
American who saw his execution said
1 Monday. "I was in Juarez on business
when Portillo was executed. We were
standing in front of the custom iouse
when the rebel troops marchefc he
federal prisoners past there, taking
them to the jail. Portillo stood a head
taller than the others and we recog
nized them, although he had a serape
wrapped about his head and an old
straw hat on.
"We followed the party to the jail
as they were being taken there from
the Mexican Central station, where the
prisoners had been kept. About noon
a guard of five men took Portillo
from the prison and he waved an
'adios' to us as he passed down the
street to the cuarteL He seemed to
realize what would happen to him and
he was pale as a dead man then. At
the cuartel Portillo was led across the
patio to the north wall. He carefully
measured the distance from the wall
so he would not strike his head when
he fell, threw back his coat over his
heart and looked at the firing squad,
which was standing only about 10
feet from him. The five bullets
struck him and he fell back.
"His trousers and shoes and hat were
taken from the body before he was
cold, the coat being too stained with
blood for any of the soldiers to take.
As he faced the firing squad Portillo's
lips were seen to more as in prayer.
but he did not say anything that could
he heard at the center of the patio."
-X
"If I ever get bacK home to San
Francisco alive I will nevr leave
there until the year 1913 is over." Ern
est Dal ton said at the Paso d4i Norte
Monday evening.
"I have been in three train "wrecks
this year and am now suffering from
the effects of a wreck near Waco,
from which I will suffer a permanent
injury. I was in one near Harrisburg,
Pa., when our engine hit a car of dyna
mite. The Waco wreck made it three
straight and I an) hoping that I will
get back to San Francisco alive. If
I do I don't intend to ride on a trolley
car or ferry until the unlucky year
of my life has ended."
- -
Buck Conners. movie" producer. Is
in town, mapping out backgrounds for
the staginc of a movie "border" play,
which a film manufacturing company
is coming here to photograph.
El Paso's picturesque mesa, the broad
prrie stretching out by Fort Bliss,
with Mount Franklin in the back,
ground, scenes along the Rio Grande,
and in the Mexican quarter, with
maneuvers of the U. S. soldiers of the
border patrol will all figure in sup
plying local color for the border play.
"Buck" Conners is some movie hero
himself. When it comes to playing
anything from the "I-love'-you-truly1'
hero to the "I-have-you-in-my-clutch-es"
villain, or husky bronco butter,
whooping up things generally on a
wiry cow pony sandwiched In between,
"Buck" is on the job. "It is far from
being make believe, too," said "Buck,"
"like the regular stage dramas are.
Some of the thrillers shown on the
screen, mean more than thrills for the
actors; We get pretty close calls
sometimes. I have come pretty near
drowning for the benefit of some film
drama, and I thought I was just about
ready to present my calling card to
Saint Peter. I have been stuck in the
quicksand, when if there had not been
pretty quick work on the part of the
other members of the company, I'd
have gone under. I have had a stage
coach turn over, with me underneath,
and an automobile spill me out. and I
rescued a fair maiden once, for the
benefit of the movies, of course, from
a hous that really was on flee. The
walls were soaked with gasoline to
make the blaze and smoke quicker, and
that heat was so terrific that it al
most blistered my cheeks. To pro
duce most of the thrillers which the
public demands, the actor has to go
through the real thing, and yet we are
all crazy about it. You might think to
go through some of these experiences
would settle the 'reel' drama for the
movie actor, but it seems to act the
reverse.
"Movlte dramas are Improving 11 the
time," continued Buck, "and I'll ven
ture to say that in six months all of
the mediocre pictures will be out of
business. The movie business, like
everything else, settles down to the
survival of the fittest. People want
thrillers and the real thing, and you'll
have to give it to them or go out of
business. Another thing I think the
one reel play is doomed. All the plaj-3
of the future will be three reel
dramas.
"The 'leading lady" who will be fea
tured in the border play here will be
Miss Dorothea Farley. The president
of our company, and general manager
G. P Hamilton, will be here in a short
time, and then we'll start the click of
the camera for the production. There
will be about 20 actors In the play, and
for the "crowd" scenes we win proo
ably use a large number of El Paso
people."
Advice To the Lovelorn
By Beatrice Fairfax.
OF COURSE.
Dear Hiss Fairfax:
I am 17, and in love with a young
man two years my senior. We are
both employed in the same place, and
he usually takes me home and to
lunch with him, and always appeared
to like me very much.
Ht asked me for one of my signet
rings; and I gave It to him, and in
return he gave me his ring; About
two weeks ago I came In and he
didn't bother to say "good morning,"
and seemed cool toward me all day.
Now he doesn't even pay attention to
me when I pass his desk. Do "you
think I ought to ask him for my ring?
' Sorry.
Get your ring, and never again make
such an exchange unless a marrige
engagement warrants it
A DEAD LANGUAGE.
Dear Miss Fairfax:
Is there any such thing as stamp
language? If so. will you tell me
just what the different meanings of
it are. R. G.
I am glad to say that few know the
stamp language these days. The time
Is past when a man or maid told his
or her love by pasting a postage stamp
upside dovn
Don't tr to learn it. mv Vir It
13 I V ,l?tC nf TTl'lltU f'rfli
time
(TIi: . In one of the rcsulnr feature
of TJic El Pasp Herald.
ABE MARTIN
Folks who discuss Mexican politics are
mighty careful not t' mention any names.
Next t' a 14( year ole boy ther haint
nothin' as worthless as th' average
opinion.
14 Years Ago Today
From The Hernld This Date 1S30.
Juan C. Creel, of Chihuahua, Is in
the city.
I Blumenthal went to Los Angeles
yesterday.
Charles T. Russell, a young attor
ney, is In the city, with a view of lo
cating. J. H. Payne sails today from New
York to Liverpool. He will spend two
months In England.
Superintendent V. R. Martin and
chief clerk Taggert, of the G. H., went
up the line of the White Oaks yes
terday. New books are being added to the
1 Paso public library as fast as
funds will allow. A list of books is to
be purchased with the $250 donated
by Andrew Carnegie. A room has been
fitted up. for the library on the second
floor of the city hall.
The Kl Paso basketball team of
young girls, who are scheduled to play
the university .team at Albuquerque,
left last night on the Santa Fe. They
are: Misses Laura Mundy, captain;
Louise Wilcox. Julia Wilcox. Tinie
Lindauer, and Gertrude HIggins.
At a meeting of the El Paso Golf
club yesterday afternoon the follow
ing officers were elected: A. P. Coles,
president; Mrs. J. A. Eddy, vice pres
ident; Thomas Dunne, secretary and
treasurer; greens committee, A. H.
Richards, U. S. Stewart. H. L. Newman,
jr.. and J. A. Krakauer.
The board of directors of the El Paso
chamber of cemmerce met in the rooms
of the EI Paso club yesterday and
elected the following officers: A. J.
Freudenthal, president; W. G. Walz,
first vice president; Felix Martinez,
second vice president: C. J. Ennis, sec
retary; Horace B. Stevens, treasurer.
Mayor Joseph Magoffin today signed
the proclamation which calls for a
new city election on the bond ques
tion. The presiding officers for the
election are: John Caldwell, first
ward; C. W. Fasset, second ward: M.
C. McGlennon, third ward; H. H. Smith.
fourth ward. The total issue of bonds
to be voted on Is $30,000.
One of the prettiest and most select
balls of the season was given by the
Social club at the court house last
night. The women present were: Mrs.
Pulliam, Miss Ainsa, Miss Catlin, Mrs.
Feldman, Miss Trumbull. Miss Bow
man, Miss Brady, Miss Edwards, Miss
Allen, Miss Hyde and Miss Alexander.
The men present were: Messrs. Tucker.
Tooley, Dillon. Coles, Flory. Ward,
Moore, Townsend, Woods. Safford. Car
penter, Bnshong, Feldman, Pulliam,
White and Kemp.
The school board, accompanied by
superintendent of city schools G. P.
Putnam, appeared before the oitv coun
cil last night to ask for a new high
school building. Alderman George Og
den moved that the matter be referred
to the street Improvement committee.
The controversy about the extension of
the sidewalk around the Sheldon build
ing -was settled. Last night's session
was the first time the councllmen met
in the new chamber. There were a
number of visitors present. Including:
W. R. Martin, judge W. M. Coldwell,
E. A. Shelton, James Marr, G. B.
Clardy, George W. Huffman. Judge J.
M. Goggln and architect Parfitt. A
petition from Z. B. Clardy asking to
be credited with $12.80 taxes paid by
Z. N. Merrill in 1892 was referred to
the taxation committee. A communi
cation -was read from Buchanan and
Powers asking that arrangements he
made to pay them a balance of $3S67
due them on the city hall building.
G O O P S
Bj GELETT BURGESS
RUTH VAITE
Why should a Goop ,
like Rulhie Waite
Be willing to
exaggerate?
Because, the plain
and simple truth
Is not quite good enough
for Ruth!
She cannot tell
a story straight.
But always makes
it twice as great!
Don't Be A Goop!
(This Is one of tbe regular features
of The 1 Paso Hernld.)
Youthful Farmers Win tTrip
Eighty Hojh and GlrlM of Corn Clubs
See Washington at Expense
of the Government.
By Krcflerlc J. Ilaskln
WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec 9.
Eighty fortunate girls and
boys will be given the time of
their lives in Washington for a week,
teginning December 11, under the aus
pices of the department of agricul
ture. It is a well merited good time,
for each of these boys and girls is a
champion either at corn or potato
roiotnr m- at sarrtfinine- and canning.
1 The children come from 30 states and
each has a record or which many n
adult would be proud.
Two of these champions come from
Utah. Hattie Holbrook, age 11. has had
the best garden and the largest
amount of product as well as the beat
net profit of any girl In her state.
Merle Hyer, of Casche county, Utah,
Is the national champion of all the
bovs' potato clubs. He ob'ained a
yle'ld of 382 bushels of potatoes from
his half acre-tract. If any adult farm
er in the country has exceeded that
yield, the department of agriculture
has no record of it. So, in the opin
ion of many experts, Merle Hyer is
the champion potato raiser of the en
tire country. He did a number of
things in the management of his erop
which the average potato farmer
overlooked. He planted selected seed
potatoes taken from the hill by hand.
When other farmers stopped cultivat
ing their potato fields. Merle kept on
cultivating with a result which sur
prised every old farmer exhibiting at
the Utah agricultural fairs.
Gets Special Label.
Because of the exceptional quality
of his seed, Merle Hyer is permitted tox
sell his seed potatoes under the "4 H
brand" label which has just been ap
proved by the department of agricul
ture. This label is the latest develop
ment of Uncle Sam's effort to stand
ardize the agricultural products of
the children's clubs. To secure the
labels, which are supplied free by the
state agents in charge of club work,
a boy or girl must have a guaranteed
variety or strain to begin with, and
must select the seed potatoes by hand
from the hill. The hill standard Is
set by a committee of three appointed
by the state agent. 'All seed potatoes
must be free from scab and other dis
eases. A club member must sign all
labels used on seed packs, stating the
yield per acre, and the average num
ber of tubers of uniform size in a
hill. In this way the purchaser may
know definitely what crop to expect
from the seed purchased.
The club idea for boys and girls in
rural districts is comparatively new,
but it is spreading like wild-fire over
the country. Over 200,000 boys and
girls are represented by the 80 who
are now enjoying the sights of the
National capital. The "first effort to
induce the boys to cultivate land for
themselves 'through cooperative clubs
was made by a county superintendent
in Illinois, but it was not until 190a
that practical clubs were formed for
corn raising undsr the direction of the
late Dr. Seaman Knapp of Mississippi,
with the official cooperation of the
United States Department of Agricul
ture. Starts "With 102 Boys.
In 1905. 12 boys were enlisted in
corn club work. The interest was
then extended to potatoes and now in
cludes several other .articles. One of
the boys of tlHf party visiting Wash
ington is sent by -the state of Colo
rado because he is the champion sugar
beet grower of that state.
Girls Join Movement.
The object of the club wbrk was to
induce the bovs to interest themteives
i In improving the quality, the quantity
and tne Talue oi tne crop raisea aim
to make It profitable to the raiser. It
was soon felt that girls in the coun
try needed a similar organization, so.
fdUowlng the organization of the boys'
corn cIuds. garden and canning ciuo3
for the girls were established. The
members of these clubs plant their
gardens and attend to their cultivation.
They go further than the boys, for
they can their products. Originally,
tomatoes were the chief products of the
girls' clubs, but now their range has
widened. A 15 year old girl in Ohio
exhibited 2S varieties of canned prod
ucts at an agricultural fair this year
as the product of her club work.
Girl Is State Champion.
Miss Lucy Bale, of Augusta, New
Jersey, is the state champion of the
girl's clubs of her state, and she will
be one of the most noteworthy young
gardeners among all the champions
visiting Washington. Lucy rented a
tenth 'Of an acre of land and planted
it in tomatoes and had a total yield
of 3.9S0 pounds, nearly two tons. She
canned 7S0 No. 3 cans and 223 glass
jars, and marketed the balance. The
total expense of her garden was
$53.77, including ground rent, the
value of her own labor and every other
expenditure. Her receipts were $123.25,
giving a net profit of $69.45 for her
season's work. This shows the possi
bility of making a single acre of land
yield a profit of $691.89, a valuable
lesson for any farmer.
The department of agriculture en
courages these clubs by preparing lit
erature, including directions for cul
tivating the different crops and for
canning the product. It supplies the
labels and. under some conditions, the
seed to enable a club to begin its work,
but it does not expend any money in
prizes or in entertaining the club rep
resentatives. All of the children have been sent
to Washing ion eltKer by their state or
county, some outside organisation or a
citizen interested in their work. While
j In Washington, they are: under the
care or tne department, wnicn nasar
ranged an elaborate program for their
pleasure. This program includes a re
ception by president Wilson, when
moving pictures will be taken of the
party, and visits to the chief places of
interest in Washington. They will
meet secretary Houston of the depart
ment of agriculture. Who will award
them special diplomas for the work
they have accomplished.
While the children are being take.i
upon the most pleasurable sight seeing
trips which can be devised for their en
tertainment, the anuual conference of
the leaders' of the Boys' and Girls' 'Club
movement will be in session. The
topics under consideration will Include
finding a market for the Canned pro
ducts, cooperative buying and selling,
the use of the new labels for standard
ising the club products, and many oth
er subjects helpful to the club work.
Most of the leaders have chaperoned
the children from their home states,
but have turned them over to the
special entertainment committee pro
vided By the department of agricul
ture while they attend the conference.
Hoys Have Had Trips Before.
For several years the champions of
the boys' corn clubs have been awarded
trips to Washington as prizes for their
work, but this is the first time the girls
have been so entertained. The party
contains almost as many girlb as boys,
and the enthusiasm with which th?
girls have worked in their clubs shows
how thoroughly the organization and
its objects are appreciated. The chil
dren were each permitted to bring
specimens of their products to be
placed upon exhibition in the National
museum.
The labels provided for these clubs,
wh'oh are new to even some of the
champion, are dobiarned to stimulate
their tfforts. There are five of these
designed for the bos corn club, the
boys' potato club, the Rlrls' canning
anil garden club, the boys' cotton club
and the -ill .star corn cli-bs These
Hins r nrc nt a "Four square"' train-
Trem '!. . ? in.- r oui .
..' itiren!i.ir v ! 1 oni- '
lis nfru' t.t uie beau. J
1 fc T
"This Is My Birthday Anniversary"
AN EXCHANGE names "mistress of arts" as an appropriate degree to be
given to the girl who can count the following among bar aecdmplish
- meats. The Herald says Amen to the suggestion most hesrxHy. The
requirements for the degree are:
Never fuss or fret or fidget.
Never keep anybody waiting.
Shut the door, and shut it softly.
Have an hour for rising, and rise. t
Always know where your thiDgs are.
Learn to make bread, as well as cake.
Keep your own room in tasteful order.
Never come to breakfast without a collar.
Never go ahout with your shoes unbuttoned.
Never let a button stay off 24 hours.
Speak clearly enough for everybody to understand.
Be pationt with the little ones, as you wish your mother to be with yon.
Never let the day pass without doing something to make somebody com
fortable. The EI Paso boys and girls having birthday anniversaries on December
9 are:
Carl J. Mec, 17. Julia. Linahan, 16.
1 Richard Pearson, 12. Chester A. Strayer, 14.
Helen Aguirre, 15. Robert Wulff, 15.
Gladys Harley, 12. John Armstrong, S.
There is a ticket afc The Herald office for each of these young folks, ad
mitting two to the Unique theater. Call on "Miss Birthday" for it.
hands, heart and health of every child.
Each "H" has a trinity training value.
Train the head to think, plan and reas
on. Train the hands to be useful, help
ful and skillful. Train the heart to be
kind, true and sympathetic Train the
health to resist disease, enjoy life and
make fdr efficiency.
Tomorrow The Beginning of Troub
le in Mexico.
I (This Is one of the regular features
of The El Paso Herald.)
The Searchlight
MICROSCOPIC MELTING TESTS
Takinsr a niece Of metal no larger
than a drop of water and dividing it
into 65.000 parts Is in Itself no mean
job, but to take one of those tiny parts
and determine to a minute iracuon ui
a degree the heat required to melt it is
a task that onlv a scientist could per
form. And yet that is being done by
the government in the Bureau of Stan
dards. Under one process the specimen
is placed upon a 'strip of platinum,
and one observer watches it with a
powerful microscope while another
watches it with an optical pyrometer,
both looking through a window of
mica or plate glass, while electr'c heat
is applied.
A newer process oomblnes the mi
croscope and the pyrometer in one in
strument, thus permitting a single ob
server to watch the melting process
and to take a record of the .emperature
at the same time. There 'is a tiny in
candescent lamp, connected with elec
trical instruments for measuring the
current and for controling its flow.
The eye can see the lamp filament, the
specimen being melted, and tne piar
HE?SEa! , "ft?5,ES
scntiet who is determining the melting
point of the tiny specimen with one
hand raises the electric current in the
platinum strip, so that the two lights
continue of the same brightness, con
tinuing this process until the melting
point is reached. Here, seeing tha the
same amount of brightness is main
tained in both the lamp and the pla
tinum, all he needs to keep the lamp
at the same degree of brightness as the
platinum, and an easy calculation
shows him just how much heat was
required to melt the mirosoopic par
ticle. (This Is one of the regular features
of The EI Paso Hernld.)
Letters to The Herald.
fAll communications must bear tho
signature of the writer, but the name
will be withheld If requested.
MAIL CAH.RYIXG STEAMERS.
Portales. N. M.. Dec. 7. 1013.
Editor El Paso Herald:
If it is in your line to answer my
question. I would appreciate hearing
from you relative to the following.
Ax:
Do any ships, carrying maiL go from
any of oar Atlantic coast ports to
Japan? If so, from what port and
when do they sail? How long time
taken in crossing and when will same
arrive in Japan? S. G. B.
(Postmaster J. A. Smith says that
the postal guide gives no steamers
plying between Atlantic coast ports
and Japan. Editor.)
FIST FIGHT IX COUNCIL
MAY LEAD TO A DUEL
Paris. France, Dec. 9. Marcel Haberl,
a Conservative, and Tony Michaud. a
Socialist, came to Mows during a hot
debate In which the city council re
jected the proposal to restore the Sis
ters of Charity and the members of
other nursing orders to posts they held
in the Paris hospital prior to tje sepa
ration of church and state.
The combatants were parted with
difficulty and have appointee seconds
for a duel.
Dragons
BY GEORGE FITCH.
Author of "At Good Old Sivrash."
D
RAGONS are very scarce now, and
command a higher market price
than sea serpents. But 1000 yean
ago they were a great pest, and no
valley was complete without a large
and fully equipped dragon, "with an un
controlable appetite for beautiful
maidens.
The dragon was a hideous monster as
long as a torchlight procession, with
1000 candlepower eyes and a breath like
a blast furnace flame. He had four
legs and 24 claws and a 100 horsepower
tail with a red hot end. His scales
were as tough as battleship steel and
with his large, sharp teeth he could
chew up a knight, armor and all,
using his spear later for a toothpick.
He was carnivorous in the extreme and
after he had camped in a valley for a
few years the census enumerators con
sidered it a waste of time to work the
territory.
Considering all this, it is a wonder
that the population of the dark ages
WorriAH 4hrniirh at all Whon 'n.'A
fleet upon the character and disposition i
or tne looo A. D. model dragon we are
inclined to doubt that we really had
any ancestors at that time. Yet cold,
sober history records the fact that de
spite their dreadnought equipment ev
ery dragon the world has known or sus
pected came to a violent end.
Moreover this was not accomplished
with the aid of dynamite and gatling
guns, isvery dragon was exterminated
Iby some righteous knight armed with
Ja brave heart and a spear. No matter
now many wicked knights the dragon
had previously masticated, he always
met a good knight In the course or
time. Then it was all off. The good
knight picked out a likely spot back
of the dragon s collar bone and charged.
The dragon blew two prairie fires and
a volcano out of his nostrils, opened his
mouth until it looked like a union sta
tion, tore up acres of earth with his
j, . ,ai) But lt ,jldn t 1ieIp j1m jni
y-n i h, , 0 k' .yht's spj" tu'Khed
ji.ru he wurl.d up like a punctured spi
The Case of the Trolley Man
The Dally Novelette.
(frpHATS -rery simple," smiled
I the great detective. "1 knew
you were a trolley official be
cause I saw you drive up- to my door
In an automobile. You say something
Is worrying you?'
"Yes" said the tall, thin man, "some
thing has been troubling me i,6r the
past hour and I can't for the life of
me think what it is. I hate to be
J -worried unnecessarily, so I thought the
, Ickest tnIns to do wouIa ba to coma
J1
tn VflH.
"Hm." said the great detective.
"Everything all right at the office?"
"Absolutely. Even the office boy
has proved himself a jewel."
"H'm. How about things around
the house T' - ...
"Oh, excellent. My wife hasnt
showed up since last Tuesday when
she- went -shopping, hut I can't say
there's anything really worth worry
ing about."
"H'm," said the great detective. "I
have it!" he exclaimed, after he had
pondered a while with his long fin
ger tips pressed in his ears. "As you
entered the room. I remember now
(for I have trained myself to observe
every little thing, no matter how ap
parently superfluous) I noticed that
a thin spiral of blue smoke like to
bacco smoke curled from one of your
.trouser pockets. Have the goodness
to investigate."
! trusV pocket -d drew forth the
The tall, thin man reit in nis rigut
tJH He-liter! end of n. clcrar.
"Oh, bother!" he said. KI could have
sworn I threw that away. I must be
growing absent minded."
The great detective smiled non-com-mlttally
and accepted bis fee.
(This la one of the regular features
of The EI Paso Hernld.)
100 Years Ago Today
O
NE HUNDRED years ago today
president Madison sent a special
raessace to congress, requeatinjr
that body to pas3 an embargo act to
prohibit all exports from the United
States. The purpose was to prevent the
British armies in America and the Brit
ish fleets that were blockading our
coasts from receiving food and supplies.
On December 17 congress voted io estab
lish the embargo, to continue in effect
until January 1, 1815- The act met
with considerable opposition, particular
ly from the coast states, because of the
disastrous results to their commerce.
The press of the time bitterly denounced
the measure. By its opponents the act
was eommonly referred to as, reading
the title backward, the "0 grab toe act,"
((This Is one of the regular features
of The El Paso Herald.)
PAYMASTER FOR AN OIL CO.
KILLS TWO BANDITS IN MEXICO
Veracruz, Mex Dec. 9. Attacked by
two bandits while he was carrying a
large sum of money. Eric "Walker, pay
master for the Agulla Oil company, at
Tamplco, killed both his assailants.
Walker, who was badly wounded, 13
now being cared for in a hospltaL
BUYS A H03EB.
C C Plaxco has bought the 4 room
cottage at 531 Copper street from Mrs.
Ben B. Welch. The ground is 50x1-10
feet, between Dakota and Indiana
avAnltnte. Thfl nns!dAratlnn var SIKftil
1 Hawkins Bros, made- the sale.
der and died like a calliope; and ths
good knight rode home, called the press
agents and shewed his spear as proof
of the whole thing.
No one ever saw a dragon hut the
good knights who killed them. Tha
bad knights saw them, of course, but
mostly from the inside. The good
knights always wnt off alone to fight
"He curled up like a punctured aplder
nnd died like a calliope."
dragons because of their bravery. Ar.d
as the dragons were too big to skin
they never brought them home to have
them stuffed and presented to the mu
seums. Thus natural history lost its greatest
treasure and there are now no dragon
pelts on exhibition. We can't help
thinking that with all their bravery th
gocd knights were very careless about
preserving the great unnatural re
sources of the unlit ages. Copyrighted
d-" tiooree Matthtw Adams
(This Is one of the regular featnrra
of The El Paso Herald.)
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