Newspaper Page Text
EL PASO HERALD
Saturday, Januarv 3, 1914 5 C
ARE SOLVED HERE
By WILLIAM H. STEWART, Jr.
Who as President of the Stewart Automobile Academy of New York
City, is regarded as the leading authority in Motor
Car Education in this country.
Let us solve your motoring problems and discuss your comments.
Tell us of your experiences for the benefit of the other fellow.
Correspondence invited for publication every Week-End.
Copyright, 1913, by W. H. Stewart, Jr.
Motoring Department, The Herald
Will you kindly publish the ingre
litnt? and the proportions of some of
the most practicable anti-freezing so
lution for automobile radiator and
water-cooled gas engine. Thanking
ou, I am J. B. Scott.
The most practical anti-freezing so
lution is made up of wood alcohol and
water. A mixture of one-quarter al
cohol and three-quarters water is suf
ficient to prevent freezing at zero tem
perature If the temperature falls
much below zero it is advisable to in
crease slightly the amount of alcohol.
Motoring Department, The Herald
What should be the condition of the
compression chamber in a motor when
working to best adantage? Should
the piston head and compression space
be dry and sooty, or 4n an oily condi
The condition of the combustion
chamber should be dry and clean. An
oily condition indicates too much oil
and imperfect combustion The cylin
der will necessarily be sooty on ac
count of the products of combustion.
While there should be no carbon resi
due, nevertheless it is impossible to
realize such ideal conditions.
Motoring Department, The Herald
I have noticed on my motor that there
is air pressure coming from the vent
pipe when the motor is running. My
friends tell me that this indicates a
scored cylinder. The motor runs per
fectly. Would be obliged to you if you
could enlighten me on tnis subject
S. M. B.
Vent pipeji-are installed in the crank
case to relieve anv compression in the
case. As the pistons travel lip and
down there is more or less compres
sion. If the cylinder was scored in the
manner your friend states, the compres
sion on this particular cylinder would
be very weak. You state that the mo
tor runs perfectly, therefore, there ap
pears to be no cause for alarm.
Motoring Department, The Herald
Kindly state which is preferable, a
leather faced cone clutch or a multi
ple disc clutch running in oil?
I a light car better equipped with
luish tension magneto only, or with
the dual svstem? Frank Candelo
You will find that there are many
lush grade cars using the leather faced
rone clutch. There are also many
hien grade cars using the multiple disc
clutch running in oil. Engineers differ
as to which is the better When both
arc designed and constructed properly
thev arc very efficient.
The dual icnition system is to be
prefe;red Especially will this be
found true in starting the motor during
Motoring Department, The Herald
In taking the valves out of my -motor
T noticed that the exhaust valves par
ticular! v are very much spotted. One
alve is slightly warped. Will you
kindly pdvise whether it is necessarv
to get all new valves, or whether it
i necessary to get one new valve only?
You have allowed the valves to go
too lonp w thout grinding, hence the
pitting of the valve seats It will be
noessari to grind these until the
1'its or spots disappear and a clean,
smooth sat is obtained. As to the
warped valve stem, it is best to replace
this In replacing it will be necessary
lo grind in order to obtain a proper
-cpting of the valve. The exhaust
ales especially should be ground fre
quentlv In order to obtain the best
results from a motor it is advisable to
reseat all the valves about every 2800
or 3000 Tiiles If this is done there 's
1ot work and much better results are
Motonng Department. The Herald
' have been told that there is on the
inarket a type of bushing for spring
siacklps and other parts of a car
which does not need lubricating. There
are a number of places on my car
wtrqh have bushings with grease cups,
and unless these parts are kept con
stantly lubricated there are all kinds
of squeaks I am about to have my
rar overhauled and ir there Is any
thing to this self-lubricating bushing
I will be pleased to know about itM
Will vou olease advise me whether thevTl
can be obtained and whether they are
anv od"' R W Rostern
The Granhit Lubricating company.
of Bound Brook, N. J. makes graphite j
nusnings. wnicn are .supposed to rem
"d the annoyances yoti speak of.
WMild suggest that you communicate
with them and they will undoubtedly
"drance fn'l details as to merits of the
bushing referred to,
Motorize- Department. The Herald
T would "tke to know what is meant by
"sulphat on" of a battery I have been
told that unless the battery is given
constant attention it will become snl-
phated What does this mean? Please
repl through the columns of your pa
per S. B. L.
If a battery is allowed to stand for a
length of time in a discharged condi
tion the plates of the battery will sul
phate, that is to say, the plates will
harden by absorbing an excessive
amount of the sulphuric acid from the
battery solution. If a battery Is per
mitted to depreciate to this extent It
is difficult to bring it back into con
dition again. In such instances it Is
necessary to place the battery In the
hands of some experienced repair man
who will give it propor attention. By
charging at a slow rate foe several
days it may possibly be brought back
to a normal condition. If your car is
to be stored, it is advisable that the
battery be recharged at least once a
Motoring Department, The Herald
About a month ago I purchased a
large six-cylinder touring car of good
make. Car runs perfectly, and I have
no fault to find, except that there has
developed a disagreeable noise or rat
tle which I cannot locate. I am led to
believe that the noise is In one of the
wheels, but we have had the wheels
off and there appears to be nothing
wrong. Sometimes the rattle disap
pears entirely. Then again at times it
will appear more prominently than
ever. Can you give me any light on
this matter? Any suggestions will be
greatly appreciated. J. Van Wagner.
The car is undoubtedly equipped with
demountable rims. Possibly you have
neglected to tighten the bolts and nuts
which hold these rims to the felloes.
If these are not kept tight the rim will
creak. They should be inspected and
tightened at frequent intervals.
It is also possible that the speedom
eter gears at the wheel hub are not
meshed as they should be. You can
easily determine this by jacking up the
wheel and spinning.
The internal expanding brake shoes
may be somewhat warped and chafe
the inside of the brake drum at each
revolution. If you do not locate the
trouble and have to take the wheel off
for further inspection, would suggest
that you carefully note this: The wheel
itself may have been sprung so that
the drum does not run true. If such Is
the case the brake drum at each revo
lution would come into Contact with
the brake shoe or some part of its an
chorage. Motoring Department, The Herald
The car 1 have is equipped with elec
tric lighting system, which has a gen
erator and storage battery; also a. self
starter. It is the system.
The other night the head lamps failed
to work as they should, they gave a
little light, but not enough to light up
the. road. They acted just as if they
did not get enough current from the
battery. I tested the battery, but found
it O. K. I looked all over for the trou
ble, but found all connections Intact.
I, am told the lamp bulbs need replac
ing, and that this is the only trouble.
These appear to be all right, and since
they are rather costly, thought best to
seek a little advice. There E no. garage
near here, and while I do not use
the head lamps verv often, neverthe-
less I fear that something is wrong
which possibly may result senosuly
later. Can you give me some informa
tion regarding this? Also advise if
you think the new lamps are required.
R Cowen. '
New lamp bulbs are not required.
These do not burn out gradually. If
the filament of the lamp becomes bro
ken or otherwise injured, it will give
no light at all. The leakage in cur
rent may be due to loose ground con
nections. It is quite probable, howev
er, that in this svstem the trouble lies
in a defective fuse. Since the battery
is in good condition, there is some
where undue resistance to the current
supplied to the head lamps. There is a
fuse in the fuse box controltng the
head lights, and would suggest that this
be replaced. Also note If all electrical
connections are clean and tight.
Motoring Department. The Herald
I am the owner of a 1912 four cylin
der Benz touring car. Recently with
out apparent cause, there has devel
oped a buckling in either my propeller
shaft or differential- At first it was
thought 'that the trouoie might be with
the motor, and the vIves were ground
and the carburetor adjusted and the
motor is in perfect order. There is no
the car is moving slowly .and ?i
suddenly fed. It is a sort !!?;
Grease is fed to the fronts lerts,f'
joint by removing a nut ana to V";
rear by a grease cup. The propei"ji
shaft appears to be tense when "
etmpt is made to move it. Both univer
sal joints have been recently P0?"
with grease, but no improvement n
Will you kindly advise me tflruf?"
your columns what !s the cause 1 j
trouble and what remedy there is.
might say that whenever the noise ae
velops it will cease immediately; wnen
the clutch is disengaged. I this day
caused the universal joints to he t"'"
out and found them to be in perreci
order. The differential hae been ex
amined, of course, from the outside, ana
there Is apparently no trouble there.
My torsion rods are slightly loose.
Milton Gordon. ..
If there is end play in the tsion
rods there is bound to be more or less
back lash, tyfiich may possibly oe tne
cause of your trouble. These "Z
have to be quite loose, however, la??!
to produce the effect you outline, it
appears that through the driving eB?:
bers between the clutch and wneeis
there Is too much back lash. "When tne
motor Is pulling steadily this is n ,"
ticed. However, when the motor is
throttled and misses occasionally, tne
buckling is, noticeable. This would be
particularly noticeable In going, down
hill, as you state. Tou can easily ae
termine this by jacking up one rer
wheel and placing a speed in mean.
With the clutch engaged you can
note the amount of turning or tne
wheel before the flywheel moves, u
all the driving members between the
wheel and the clutch are not worn you
should be able to oscillate the wheel
approximately an inch measured on the
tire. This amount of leeway prevails
in a new car. In any car driven over
5000 miles this amount of back-lash
will be greater. If the length of tne
arc measured on the tire exceeds the
distance between two spokes of the
wheel a carefiil inspection should be
made of all the driving members be
tween the clutch and the wheel.
J 4 Ji
Motoring department. The El Paso
Herald I have a two cylinder Reo car
of a very old vintage that is very bad
about missing fire. Have Splitdorf
coils and have to smooth the points nto
often with file to get any spark at
all on spark plugs. I use-batteries only.
Could a master vibrator be used to
any advantage in ' my case? C. H.
Perhaps the coll vibrators need new
platinum points. If this does not
remedy the trouble, would suggest that
the coils be thoroughly inspected. It
is possible that the condensors of the
coils are inefficient. Make sure that
your battery is kept in a fully charged
condition. If the battery is allowed to
become weak you are bound to have
tronble with the coils. It is hardly
.necessary to entail the expense of In
stalling a master vibrator. This would
not eliminate the trouble, if the cause
lies in the coil itself or the battery.
Motoring department. The El Paso
Herald Will you kindly advise me
through the "motor columns" in The
Herald what is wrong with my two
cylinder 16 horse power Maxwell run
about? When I start the motor she
will shoot only on one cylinder, but as
soon as I open the gasoline throttle
wide open she shoots on both cylinders.
I have tried two carburetors and all
kinds of adjustment both air and gaso
line, without any Improvements. Up to
two months ago the motor ran all
right: that is. she exploded in both
('cylinders no matter how slow the mo
tor ran. O. w. f.
Quite likely the valves of the ont
cylinder need grinding. When running
slowly the one cylinder misses fire due
to. a loss of compression. When the
motor is speeded the miss is not so no
ticeable. It is also possible that this
cylinder is receiving a poor spark at
slow engine speeds. Tf the park plug is
defective and partially short circuits.
It would be likely to cause this trouble.
If the carburetor mixture Is good for
one cylinder it should be good for the
other provided there are no -leaks in
the ' manifold leading to the faulty
Few Departures Iii The New Cars
":li:- -::- -:: -'W'" ''lZ
Automobile Show Is Now Un
NEW YORJC Jan. 3. The 14th
annual automobile show opened
today at the Grand Central
Palace. Last year the big event was
staged in both Madison Square Garden
and the Palace, but the management
decided that the Palace could adequate
ly house the exhibition. The interior
of the Palace is decorated in sem-
blance to a Corinthian court the pre
dominating colors Jl-bie" a hv,ge
green. The rotund:- '?? are deeo-
SSlialS 28T&" south.
than any other department, and several
new designs will be shown at the com
ing exhibition. Several manufacturers
have adopted the sloping hood over the
engine, such as most of the foreign
cars now have. The latest ideas in
self starters also form a prominent
part of the show. Quite a number of
the cars are now made with the left
drive and central control and several
of these will be shown, as well as the
cars with the right drive.
Thirteen different automobile manu
facturers from. England, France, Ger
many, Belgium and Italy are repre
sented in the importers' salon, which
will be held in the grand ballroom of
Hotel Astor, for -one week, beginning
The makes of cars to be shown are
De Dion Bouton, Mercedes, Minerva,
Pergeot, Fiat, Delaunay Belleville,
i Isotta-Fraachini, Lancia, Benz, Bugattl
and Marshall Arter, as well as tha Am-
I eriean make's Simplex and S. G. V. The
accessory exhibits there are a novelty
Dunlop. Englebert, Faure, Gaulois and
Prowdnik tires will be shown, as well
as Dunlop tire wheels. A. j. ficara
has a line of other foreign automobile
A usual, the salon makes no addi
tions to the decorations of the hall. The
ball room provides more than 20,000
square feet of exhibition space, which
is all taken up. The exhibitors have
more complete displays than hereto
fore, which fact is ascribed to the new
tariff, which reduced the duty on ror
eign cars and tires and also provided
that they might be brought In for ex
hibition purposes and remain for a
Iieriori nf i-r MAntho ivttliAtit h nflv.
i ment of any duty.
j trouble with the cai when she is mov
ing over lo miles an nour ana gas is
being fed. When, aowever, the gas is
throttled down and the car is moving
slowly or even rapidly down grade
without a supply of gas, there develops
a buckling noise, which apepars to
come from contact between the clutch
and flywheel, but aparentiy is caused
by something in the rear. The fly
wheel .and clutch are n perfect condi
tion. This same noise develops when
USEFfL HINTS TO 3IOTORISTS
It is advisable to tighten the nuts on
demountable rims at frequent intervals.
If this is not done" the rim will work
itself loose so that finally it will be
impossible to fasten it securely A
,disagreeable creak can be avoided by
tightening up the nuts occasionally.
If a car is to be left in an unheated
place for any great length of time all
the water should be drained from the
cooling system at the lowest points.
If this is, liot done water will remain
and freeze, causing considerable trouble
and delay when the car is again used.
Care should be taken not to fold
down the top when it is not thoroughly
dried. At various points the too is
constructed with several thicknesses of
material, and if this is not dried before
it is folded the material is likely to
mould and otherwise depreciate.
Most modern cars are equipped with
a dual system of ignition. Dry cells
are used for starting. It is well to note
that during cold weather dry cells are
less efficient than during the warm
wr-3tJ?vsbl! : to couple up
one-or two additional cells' during the
HOW SIX-CYLINDER POWER DODGES ZERO
Qttrte rap rodaoed from "Therefore the Stadebaker SIX."
B N0J& V
.- -s. " ..rW. yf .--T-SZr x-
a JSc A" Wr Jtf:. "v
jy vtm6c nwrn tf spot -3s L1 y
Chart of "Fewr"
The above chart shows the pow
er curve of & foar-cyiLader motor:
This carve starts on the Zero cir
cle, at wirieh point the charge is
fired fa No. 1 cylinder.
At first theorise is gradual, doe
to the fact that the explosion's
force is partly spent in over-coming
compression sad the inertia of
the moving parts. The power then
shoots rapfdry upward, tarns and
descend again to Zero.
At the precise instant the carve
reaches Zero the charge is fired
in the second cylinder. Up shoots
the carve again. The process is
repeated until al four cylinders
There are two prominent features
of this diagram to bear in mind.
There is a point after each pow
er impulse of a foar-cyHnder motor,
in whl"-h power is at Zero nothing.
At Zero, the idle meehanism is
suddenly driven to renewed action
by a tremendous blow a blow com
municated to the piston, connecting
rod, crank shaft and every gear
and moving part of the entire car.
fjiart of "Six"
Above is a similar chart, show
ing the ponser curve of a six-cylln-d&r
. The curvet sg did the one in the
preceding edumn, begins at the in
tersection Trtere No. 1 cylinder's
Upward rise the force to 1 and
then descends until the second
cylinder fires The power rises
again and coiitouee the cycle. -
Bat it nevei drops -.to -Zero.
At the lowest point the power of
the first erploftan is still being de
livered, nor dc?s it cease until the
rising curve of the next power im
pulse is well or its way.
For a consiferable period, both
first and sectnd explosions are
working togetter. And the latter
part of the sffiond explosion helps
speed the thiii upward curve.
In other wcrds, the motor of the
Six is never idle. There is a con
tinuous steam of power flowing
through tie shafts to the work of
driving. In th's fact lies the su
preme narit of this type of motor.
"Four" and "Six" Combined
A comparison can readily be se
cured by imposing on the "Six"
chart, the power curve of a "Four"
of the same cylinder dimensions
and general design. The "Four'
curve has been plotted in dotted
lines and the impluses designated
by letters, instead of numbers.
The most interesting feature is
the circle, showing the average
power of the two types, the "Six"
motor's superiority being so plainly
superior as to banish all chance of
A study of this chart also shows
conclusively why a six-cylinder mo
tor is so notably free from vibra
tion and its deteriorating effects;,
why a "Six" will keep pulling on
high gear at a speed so sgow that
a "Four" motor would surejy stall;
why the "Six" is able to spring al
most instantly from three miles an
hour to' any desired speed, with
out a change of gear; why a "Six"
is more efficient in its ratio of
miles to gallons of fuel why, in
short, the American public has so
firmly set its seal of approval on
a "Six" for all uses where high
power and large carrying capacity
are the determining influences.
I II C-Ji II Jj I V?f & 1 n V U JQLjr '
II Hi WW O Vjj"S If I
3CV sZ & I Two-Sbctv Standard. The greatest motorcycle vatee V S J yy2a&3
i f mii ytv - y . . . t Tin T...;.. -c...:-nna .mVi T7Iaj- . .BUvBVWHUtfi
ss S trie Head Light Electric Tail Light Electric Signal "s rfK
" Two Sets of Storage Batteries Corbin-Brown " iuimin ifilTl
Rear Drive Speedometer. Price, $260.00. See Cata- 9rj
log for detailed description. ' icVj
Standard Indian Models for 1914
Are Electrically Equipped
FOR several years past the Indian engineering department has been experimenting
with electric devices as applied to motorcycle use. The products of various
manufacturers have been carefully examined The process of choosing, testing and
eliminating has been carried out until the resulting equipment which is now
offered to Indian riders is confidently declared to be the best that can be secured
Electrical All Standard 1914 models are
Electric Tail Light, Electric Signal, Two
Sets of Storage Batteries and Cor-bin-Brown'Rear
38 Betterments Including this remarkable
for 1914 equipment there are "38
Betterments" in the new machine im
provements in design and in structural
and working parts.
Taken as a whole, the 1914 Indian Models, with Electrical Equip
ment, upset all previously formed ideas of motorcycle excellence,
'indeed, they establish a new standard of motorcycle values.
FOR 19 14
The Two Speed The attention which the
Gear motorcycle industry is at
present giving to two-speed devices bears
out the soundness of judgment and
foresightedness of Indian engineers in
anticipating this popular requirement
Five years ago the Indian Two Speed
Gear was perfected and introduced.
Since, that time its constantly growing
popularity has necessitated its manufac
ture in ever increasing numbers. The
Indian Two Speed is by no means an
experiment It has been thoroughly
tried out'under all conditions of road use.
Its superiority is demonstrated by the
enthusiastic endorsement of its many
thousands of users.
Popularity of present day motorcycle
of the Twin types, the Indian Twin
Cylinder is, without any question, the
favorite. This popularity is due in large
measure to the successful solution by the
Indian -engineering organization of the
varied mechanical problems of the Twin
Motor. The Hendee Manufacturing
Co. was the pioneer builder of Twin
Cylinder Models. It has continuously
urged the advantages of this type. It
brought the Twin Motor to such a state
of perfection and so demonstrated its
worth that the demand for Twin Models
in 1913 was 90 per cent of the total
The Indian Twin has no equal for rapid
ity of acceleration, capacity for hard work
and power output in proportion to
weight It has suppleness and flexibility,
a snappy delivery that instills confidence
in its owner to conquer any road, and,
tremendous endurance, qualities found
exclusively in the Indian Twin.
The power, stability, ease of control
and low cost of upkeep of the Indian Twin
recommend it to every rider who contem
plates the purchase of a 1914 motorcycle.
rPRICES OF 1914 INDIANS $200 to $325 ir. O. B. frAClGRY
To obtain a full realization of the comprehensive 1914 Indian line, with its "38
Betterments" and its remarkable electrical equipment, you should examine the
', - models in detail. Send for the ew 1 91 4, Catalog. It makes plain a host of
compelling Indian facts which cannot fail to be of interest to all motorcycle
j- (Largest Motorcycle Manufacturers in the World)
Branches and Service Stations:
i -CHICAGO; DENVER : SAN FRANCISCO ATLANTA
DALLAS MINNEAPOLIS N KANSAS CITY MELBOURNE
. TORONTO LONDON
Allen Arms & Cydle Co.
404 N. Oregon St.
El Paso, Texas