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I 'A She Associated WHO IS THE BIG DEMOCRAT? Latest News HISTORY'S Asks Convention to Do What He Says Wilson and Jef ferson Would Do. fERGTJSON REPLIES; SO DOES WOLTERS Former Senator Is Loudly, but Is Voted Down. joe Bailey was- fcocaed ofevm by the Texas Democratic convention Wed nesday, when the Ferguson steam roller foreed the Ferguson platform through the convention over the pro test of the former United States sen ator It is predicted that this will force Bailey into the race for United States senator two years hence, against governor Colquitt, for the toga of C A. Culberson. T HUE to predictions, the second day of the Texas state Demo cratic convention proved the stormy one. The Ferguson macnine worked like a clock until the resolutions came for ward. Former senator Joseph Weldon Baney had reached the tent by that time. arriving almost unnoticed through a side entrance, and he imme diate!) hopped into the arena for bat tle The minority report suggested the adoption of the Bailey resolutions op posing national woman suffrage, na tional prohibition and the large ex penditure of campaign funds by can didates These, Bailey insisted, Ehould go into the platform and he was granted 3a minutes to tell why. Jake Wolters, of Houston, the Fer jruton leader, was given time to reply ard governor-elect J. 15. Ferguson was also giien time to advocate the plat form as adopted minus the Bailey amendments. Mr. Bailey was given I minutes to reply to the two argu ments That the former senator has lost none of bis popularity was evidenced by the chee- that greeted his appear ance on the platform, regardless of the fact that the Ferguson machine controled the meeting and was against turn He was frequently cheered as he spoke, but the outcome was not expected to be changed by his speech. since the cards had been stacked by the leaders long before and the pro gram was all set for the adODtion of the Ferguson platform as written and the rejection of the Bailey amend ments. Bailey JTot Present. Wednesday morning's session was the big one of the convention. Anticipating the Bailey speech and some "hot stufP to follow It. the big tent was crowded when temporary chanrman Yancy Cum raings rapped for order. All of the white pine benches were filled and the-e were a number of women sitting with the delegates on the sawdust cov-e-rd floor Governor-elect Ferguson sat with the Red river district on the flocr of the convention and held fre quent conferences with his leaders. Ex-senator Joseph W. Bailey was not Jn his seat with the Cooke county dele gation when the convention opened. His keen dramatic sense kept him away until the convention had opened so that he would have the full benefit of the attention he knew he would attract. Machine IVorka 'Well. That the Ferguson machine Was working as smooth as glass was indi cated on the first motion, the minority report or the credentials committee, recommending the contesting dele gations from Tarrant and MeCiellan counties be seated. S. P. Hard wick, of Abilene, sitting next to Ferguson, moved to table the minority report. The ' ayes" roared from all parts of the big tent and a laugh of sheer delight at the working of the machine fol lowed the vote. The majority report of the creden tials committee was then read and ap proved. The minority report mi s gned by J. B. Zander and was unani mously tabled. II Reports Adopted. The report of the executive commit tee was next read and adopted.. This was followed by the reading of the report on permanent organization and was also adopted without a dissenting vote. Approves McLemore. The report of the execute e com ml t ten d( daring Jeff McLemorp nominated ever "VC P lan- for congressman at (Continued on rase 6, Col. 3). By the Associated Press BEING MADE HERE p . . -l BB .- no Texas Democratic Convention; View Inside Tent I a3ii3Eii2tBKKmEr9JKuSt ito&9&32KMffis 2ElkJWmrMBKURB$ 1 F&z?siBGittFm m. 8TBtgJ"ar'LMy wjc &Fn 9&.it($f&t&f&? &twGUmi3BJm3ti-, SERVIAN GUNS BOMBARD DISSOLUTION OF HARVESTER FIRM ORDERED Company Is Declared to Con stitute a Monopoly in Restraint of Trade. 90 DAYS ALLOWED TO SUBMIT PLANS ST. PATH Minn.. Aug. 12. By an opinion handed down by tbe United Stales court here today, the Inter national Harvester company is declared a monopoly in restraint of interstate aad foreign trade, and is oroered dissolved. Judges Smith and Hook, the majority, handed down the assenting opinion. Judge Walter H. Sanborn dissented. Unles the corporation submits a plan for dissolution within 99 days the court will entertain an application for a re ceiver. Judge Hoof Opinion. Jadce Hook, conenrrinf In tins nrJnWm said: j The IsternatlsHtml Harvester company U not the result of the norufa.1 growth or the ; fair enterprise of an Individual, a. partner- t ahlp or & corporation. On the Ciatrary. it was treated by combining five areat com peting companies which controled more . than percent of the trade In Beeeaearr farm Implement, and it still maintains & t substantial dominance. That is the cvntrol ing tact; all else is detail. It may be, as Is said, that there Is a. growing recogni- ? tlon of tbe need of great concentrated resources for trade and commerce, even ' though secured by a combination of in- ' dependent, competing: concerns. Bat that la j not the Sherman act. And a statute mart i be taken by the courts as a tw estimate ! of the preponderance of buoUc omn'on ' wfcii-h Hit. 4 tl.l.H.. . .r .. I is not Tor them to question wnether that opinion was rightly weighed or interpreted, whether it is wise or unwise, or whether it has since changed. Company's Conduct II-aorAMe. nt is but Just, however, to say and to make it plain, that in toe main m busi ness conduct of the company toward Its competitors and the nubile k. i orable, clean and fair, borne petty dis honesties were tracked In at tbe start. fOB"LJby t2P?a&m wno n the service of . the old companies but tby It should also be said that sped,: charzS 2L2!to0WI2l1?t were ,4 n the rot-tii-mests petition which found no warrant whatever in the praot They were of such a character and k many of them apparently were without foundation, that the case U exceptlonat ic that pardcalar" Judge Sanborn DUeentc Judge Sanborn, dssentiag. Mys with pro found respect for the judgment of his court associates, he fmdn ..baaeif forced to disagree with them in this opinla and in part says i3S "ff, lt iT91 me to giro insufficient conslderatiosj w lb trade eon iuct of the defendants at the time this fault was commenced. No Undue &sslnifit. -Conceding but not admitting, that if the combination of 1S62 an 1 1313 ha 1 ben t-t.aucuKTru in nuj or 1VI4 Derore (! jruil ef'er of tp rnljrt f its l i-in , the dTen' tnts uptti ini t, - t fcr ' eiga traUt Lad L ca detnonstruteti Ly thil Press Supplies All the actus- trial f it frnn 10S to iM. a ccurt might have pnnmM that the de fendants were violating the anti-trust law and have so found on the theory that those who have power to violate a law are presented to do so Yet the demonstration by the factual trial which the evidence seems to me to present that at the time this salt was commenced the defendants were, and for seven ears before that time had been, conducting tbe business of the international company, and their business without unduly restraining or monopolizing Interstate or foreign trade, ought to, and In my mind must, far outweigh that ques tionable presumption. This alleged pre sumption never seemed wsll founded or reasonable to me and now that the rule of reason most be applied to the Interpre tation of the autl-trust law and to Its application to the facts of each partieu.ar case, as wen as tne otner laws and to Lne facts of other eases, I think this alleged presumption should be deemed functus officio. Monopolization Not Shown. "The controDng issue In this case Is not what combination or monopoly was made In IMS. 1MJ or IMC nor whether or not that combination was violation of tbe anti-trust law If it is, were the defend ants in 191Z doing or threatening to do acts which so unreasonably restrained or monopolised Interstate or foreign tradn that lt is the duty of this court of equity to enjoin and prevent their future perfor mance, The particular facts proved In this in dividual case not only fall to show that the defendants were unduly or unreason ably restraining or attempting to monopo lise interstate or foreign trade, or threat (Centlnned on Tage 6, CoL 5). Got;. Elect Ferguson; Snap Shots of Him ! . l'hnto Iit Irert Fcldmnu Co, Kodak Department. w jmsBmnlnVnssBSBBBSSBk 'L& AIaaaasBBBBBBBBUsH SBSBW' WsSBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBSsi B-SBH mssBslaaBBBBaamBBBB t& m " .as, 'f 'y vkasssNttn BBBBBBBsillls MaJaHaflsP 3 5B PMw v UPmsSBBSBBWat Bsf TBy a ssssmsj Insss'Batt. i m. itfc. JnaSBBSsZsj,3BK v i ssKTsnPCBTBBSSaav ta. J HOME EDITION EL PASO, TEXAS. TTEDNESDAY EVENING, APGOST 12, 1914. WEATHER FORECAST. air tonight and tomorrow. i-J3?"-. lower Uvertock. lower M 5 Bote. IS Villa currency. 21 H CManahua currency. ZiM Carranja currency, 2. 2 Paces Today Gorashda, Town in Austrian Territory, Is Besieged by Foe's Artillery. SERVIANSCAPTURE TOWNTN BOSNIA Belgrade Suffers Heavily in Continued Bombardment by Austrians. B! jniSSKs.s, TieStrlnm. Aue. li Ta oHlelallT annonnced here toilay that the German retirement reported Tneaday la be cnicInK more marked. ,o other from the front ha, been made pnblle. NISH. Servia, Aug. 1!. Servian and Montenegrin armies, which enect . ed a Junction on the border of Herzegovina, now are operating to I pether Servian artillery Is engaged in 1 the I . mbardment of Gorashda. 'on the river Drina. 29 miles soatheact of .-nevo. the Bosnian capital, which Is I ustrian territory. Servian troops al , :e.t.y had captured the Bosnian town "f ardishad at the Junction of the r4rer Drina and Ltm. j Encounter on Frontier Reported. f Some unlmpottant encounters are re ! ported on the Servian frontier at dif- f rent points on the rivers Save and mube. The bomhiniment of Belgrade, the Servian cap'tal bj tbe Austrian artil- i' continued toda). and heavy ma i tenaldimase was Inflicted on the city. I Bnlcaria rrerarlnjr For War. I Reports reaching here from Sofia 1 re that the Bulgarian government is ! I'a'ini; for eventualities, but it Is i t known what ft h. in view , Montenegrin troops have captured 'lie .treat fortress of Scutari, it is re V "-ted Scutari, held by the Turks. . is long besieged by tbe allied Balkan a-nues and Anally captured during the B.Jkan war. J BRITISH CRUISER DEFEATS UtKMAN, WITWtiiti LLA1M Boston, Mass., Aug 12 A battle at liet-aeen a British cruiser and a '.trman cruiser about 250 miles north " Sa" Salvador was reported by cap t.m Terjesen of the Norwegian fruit su.imer lJoIand. which arrived Tues- ' night from Bim-s. Cuba. The Ger r in warstr. . una IK was forced to flee ir m the l,r. i Ktdes of the British irtiiser, ao Trims to c-ptain Terjes-n. v ho said several shots fell near his The Ijiftle he reported, occurred I' nrlT mtht Aniriisr s. in approri- .' ' ' latitu.lf : north longitud. .i ,- nl h filing w I" ri t..sa iur tali au iium. When the oei- niEiEeeo Hi in ASSAULT Photo by Fred J. THE WAR AT A GLANCE A HOLLAND dispatch says a terrific cannonade was beard this rooming from the direction of Toogies, north of Liege. It was reported Tuesday that two divisions of German cavalry with artillery had arrived there. Belgium was today again the scene of outpost Bghtiog between Belgians. French and Germans. The German commander at Liege denies the loss of 20,000 m his effort to take the forts there. He says they will be taken without the loss of a man as soon as the German heavy artillery arrives. He asserts that "die Belgian force is numerically superior to ours." He intimates that the assaults were stopped by the emperor's orders to avoid needless sacrifice of life. The French foreign minister declares all the forts surrounding Liege intact and that only a small force of Germans entered the town itself under cover of darkness. It had been pointed out previously that the defect of the Liege forts was tbe inability to see one fort from the next, although the fire of their guns crosses. A Brussels dispatch says the bulk of the German array is leaving Liege and advancing toward the French frontier through the heait of Belgium. The French foreign minister described the French position m Alsace as good, as the troops occupy the crests and passes of the Vosges. mountains. Belgium anticipates an attempt by Germany to cross Dutch, territory and has requested Holland to state her intentions regarding the resistance to a breach of her neutrality. Sveaborg. the great Russian fortress in Finland, awaits a bombardfitent or a battle, as the commander has ordered all civilians to leave there and also Hebingfors. Paris reports Montenegrin troops occupying Tarabosch, overlooking Scu tari, Albania, where severe fighting between Montenegrins and Turks occurred during the Balkan war. Considerable sums of English gold are to be deposited in Ottawa. Canada, to facilitate payments without ruankg the risk of slipping mosey across the Atlantic man cruiser moved away the warship gave pursuit, shelling the fleeing ves sel with her forward guns while the German fired its after batteries. Whether either ship was seriously damaged could not be learned. WAR OVERWHELMS POPE; IS UNABLE TO WORK Home, Italy, Aug. 12. The pope is so overwhelmed with grief by the out break of war among all the principal nations of Europe that he Is unable to do any work, and sits listless aad si lent for hours every day. Although his holiness is not 111. his condition is causing grave anxiety to his attend ants. THItKE ITALIAN STKAMETIS TO nrtlNG IA3IBRICVS HOME New York. Aug. 12 The Italian steamers Sun Giovanni, San Giorgio and Gugllelmas have been placed at the disposal of American tourists in Italy and will sail from Naples, each with 19M Americans aboard, on August IS, 18 and 19 respectively. Ferguson Says "This Is the Life "1 am pleased with the convention, ever thing is going as I would wish it to go and there is nothing that could be done that has not been done to make this convention a complete success. 1 Paso is doing more than her snare to entertain ns and ne are all having the time of our lives James K Fermison the nut Rob ert oi of Tex is Herald's War News Feldman Cm Kodak Department. ENEMY Some Things Visitors Said About El Paso "The streets here are the cleanest of any city I have ever seen." H. D. Terrell, controler-elect. "EI Paa is the best lighted city in Texas. It has grown wonderfully 1 worked here 35 ears ago for John Duerr. who was in the hotel busi ness." Pat ffKeefe secretary of the street and bridge department of Dallas, Tex. "It is a good thing that the con vention was held in El Paso. It will enable the various sections of the state to get closer together There has been no opposition to the rest of the state here and none to this part in other sections but the get together is better for all districts." Governor-elect "Jim" Ferguson. "I like El Paso I would like to live here. In fact, if I were not as old as I am I would move here ' Lud Williams, former cit attorney of Waco, Tex. "I am 3 years old and never saw a town as good as this In my Hfe. They have treated us Just line. Every courtesy was shown us. I want to saj particular that the bankers hae been the most ac. om modating 1 have ever met H P Hughe? of Palestine Tt x MS.MTK I fONSIDBRIKG , HR W! PElfE TREVTIEi Washington. D C Auk 12 ecro tarj Bn in s twwin j.e i, , t-tati.-. whioh pi sident iNon hi nr i f " mm il'ite r inflation wire t.iktn jj 1 tf'e tenatt. tuii Two Entire Regiments Are Slaughtered in Fighting at Muelhausen. AUSTRIAN CAVALRY SLAIN ON FRONTIER j German General Staff, Bar ricaded at Liege, Is Pre- j paring For Defence. LQMMK SUsp. Ass. IX Two Ger aw Infantry regiments have been rtsliillnliiil in a battle with Fren, 'i trooper at Maelhaasen. according to j. Baal Swiiserlaad. dispatch to Lie Cen tral News. The German regiments mentioned are the Eighth Baden Infantry regi ment. No. 1(1. whleh was statione I at Lahr in Baden, and the Fourth Prime William's Baden-infantry regiment, a 112. stationed at Muelhausen. The commander of the 29th's divi sion, attached to the 14th army corps, whose headquarters were at Freiburg, is said to have been killed. A dispatch from Rome to the Central News says the Corriere DItalia pub lished a telegram from the frontier stating- that an Austrian cavalry brig ade has been exterminated oa the Aus-tro-Rnsslan frontier. The Austrian cavalrymen are said to have attacked the Cossacks who were accompanied by artillerj They were unable to hold their own and tried to get back across the frontier, but ram had fallen and men and horses were caught in the marshi ground and shot down until not a man remained alive. May Halt American Relief. Pending battles will, lt is believed, here, render futile the plans of the American relief committee to send a delegation to Germany under the lead of John H. Pinley. commisioner of edu cation of New Yo-k. to relieve dis tressed Americans there German StaS Barricaded. A letter received at Brussels from Liege says the German general staff is installed In the convent of the Sacred Heart, which is strongly barricaded The Germans, it adds, are accumulating quantities of flour in case they should And themselves invested Instead of be ing the besiegers. Prlnee Is Wounded, Prince George of Servia is reported to have been wounded while watchins; th- Austrian bombardment of Belgrade today. The prince was standing on the walls of the fortress when a fragment of shell struck him on the head and ren dered him unconscious. The wound is said not to be dangerous. Hemfeardmeat Expected. A battle or bombardment Is beliee.j Imminent at Sxeaborg. Finland, an.l Helslngfors. The Russian comm.tndt of the fortress at Sveaborg has ordere J all the inhabitants of that place an J. Helsimrfors-to leave. The Germans in Belgium are believed ready for the first really great battle. Dispatches state the German arm is being detached from position before Liege and la advancing through th heart of Belgium Tbe main body of German cavalry is engaged in a for ward movement all along the front of the allied armies. Troops Before Liege A ithdrawa. Military experts claim tnat tbe Ger man troops, were kept at Liege attack ing the fortress to detract attention from the mobilization at other poin a on the frontier. Now that the entire array is readv to move, the troops before Liege a e being withdrawn and thrown in wift the others for 'the great battle agim t the allied French. British and Beigia.-i armies Artillery Firhts Heard. Terrific artillery firing was heard this morning from the direction of Tongres. to the north of Liege, accord ing to dispatches from Amsterdam. The concussion was felt at Maastricht Ten thousand German caalry are mov ing t iward Tongres, St Trend and Hesbaye. Three hundred German troopers with, quick-firing guns are reported to have arrived at Hainui. 33 miles from Brussels German Deny Great Lassen. The coTeaordert I lb Exchange Telegraph lomju'n it P says that a dispatch from T -l i .es an of ficial statement t i,e n Stein re-c-irdin tbe si.;t ' I The Ger man L'omiinmli- u. r - .he loss of io.Ooe men. hut does not gn e his los ses He savs that on! a sni ill num Ivr ot l.ermtn troops were njrfcr d in or ler to ri isk the mo en en's o The bulk of th' irtr Ih - " - aJ ttontinned on race 6, Cot 4j.