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TODAY'S PRICES Bar silver (Handy & Harmon quota tions) 9 Grains. higher Livestock, steady Mexican bank notes, 18 Villa currency, 15 Chihuahua currency, 15 Curranza currency, 1SK. WEATIIlKi rOEECAST. Fair tonight' and tomorrow. 16 PAGES TWO SECTIONS TODAY. EL PASO. TEXAS. FRIDAY EVENING, JANUARY 8, 1915. DELIVERED ANYWHERE 60 CENTS A MONTIL LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. SINGLE COPT FIVE CENTS. MILLION GERMANS TO ATTACK WARSAW ritain EL To U Great -0 K emid U. S. Ships Can Go to Italy and the Netherlands with Little Delay. noteisIent to ambassador Reply Is Considered Pre liminary to Full Negotia tions at Later Date. LONDON, Eng Jan. 8. American ambassador Page today received from the British government the preliminary reply to the American note protesting against British interference with American shipping- He forwarded it immediately to Washington: Arrangements between Great Britain, Ttaly and The Netherlands have been completed whereby commerce to the latter two countries from the United States is expected to undergo a mini mum of molestation. It is announced. The steps taken by Great Britain and announced in statements from both the British embassy and the state de partment may remedy some of the complaints made by the United States in its recent note to Great Britain and the plans encouraged by administra tion officials in the hope that com merce with the gwinUgrisimi countries and other neutral nations also would be Improved. The statements indicated that so far as Italy and Holland are concerned, the British government now believes the danger of getting contraband ar ticles through those countries to Ger many and Austria has practically been removed. Should effective measures be agreed upon between the allies anJ the other neutrals cf Europe, Ameri can commerce, it is thought by the British officials, will not be subjected to the delays complained of in the American note. American minister Van Dyke, at The Hague, cabled that the British, French and Russian ministers had given formal assurances that mer ihandise even of a contraband char acter would not be molested on the high seas if consigned to the recently established Netherlands monopoly. Can Ship Navnl Stores. Secretary Bryan received, a personal note from Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, the British ambassador, stating that inas much as the re-exportation of rosin and turpentine, known as "naval stores," would probably be prohibited by Italy and Holland, arrangements would soon be completed whereby these products could be Bhlpped without difficulty to those countries from the United States. The British ambassador also issued the following statement: "Shipments for Italy in Italian steam- ' ers of goods placed on the embargo list of the Italian government and con signed to named persons are 'free. "Articles for Holland, apart from cop. per. petroleum and grain, (except rice and corn) which must be consigned to The Netherlands government, should be consigned to The Netherlands Overseas Trust in order to insure noninterfer ence. Only Seven Ships Held. "Out of 771 vessels that have pro reeded from the United States to Scan dinavian countries, Holland and Italy since the beginning of the war, only eight have been put into the prize courts and one of these has been re leaped, leaving only seven detained for decision of the' prise court. By far the greater number of those detained for examination have been already released. With regard to the purchase of car goes, the British government has pur chased many cargoes of copper and has not yet condemned or confiscated any neutral cargo or consignment, although some are awaiting adjudication." Many Other Ships Detained. In connection with the statement, government officials pointed out that while only eight ships had been put Into prize courts, scores of others had been held up for varying periods of time before being released. It was not only these delays but the consequent moral effect on shippers who hesitated to subject perishable goods to extended examination in British ports which brought forth the American note. The fact that only eight cases actually were taken into the prise courts has con vinced many officials that the bulk of American commerce was of a legitimate character and that most of the deten tions of American ships were without real cause. It is understood that a plan for the guarantee by the American merchants against reexportation of rubber to bel ligerents is being arranged for In Lon don. Will Aid Copper Shipments. With respect to shipments of copper, final arrangements have not yet been made, but It "was learned that through the cooperation of the Italian embassy here and the Italian foreign office most copper cargoes will be free from molestation hereafter. Although the Italian government considers that its embargo against the exportation of copper is sufficient guarantee In tha matter, it has decided to help American shippers in getting their cargoes across the Atlantic without delay by certifying the consignments before (Continued on Page 11, Col. 2). Visit The Herald Plant Next Week and See HUNDREDS FALL IN SALTILLO FIGHT Tne "War At a Glance CAPTURE of another town In Alsace to the south of Senn heim Is reported by the French vrnr office In Its statement of to day. The German communication neither affirms nor denies the re port, saying merely that fighting is still in progress for possession of the town. It Is stated, however, that repeated French attacks In Alsace broke down under the Ger man artillery fire. In n few other localities between the North sea and Switzerland, sharp fighting Is In progress. In which each side has scored Its minor victories, but over most of the line there Is little activity. ARMIES IN EAST INACTIVE The armies in the east are in active. The German communica tion mentions an engagement enst of the Rawkn river In Poland, where it Is said that the advance Is still in progress, lint the spectacu lar clashes of great masses of troops during the earlier part of the war have no parallels now along the Warsaw front. There, as in the west, the Germans nnd Russians have dug themselves Into the ground nnd are taking up the te dious operations of warfare In the trenches. GREAT BRITAIN REPLIES Great Britain's preliminary reply to the American note concerning British interference with American shipping was delivered today to ambassador Page, who forwarded it to Washington. TURKS 31 AY QUIT CAPITAL Constantinople, regarded by the allies a one of the greatest prizes of the war, should they win nnd Turkey be forced to give up, may he abandoned soon as the scat of the Turkish government. A dis patch front Sofia, Dalgarla,' gives in circumstantial detail on account of unsettled conditions at Constan tinople, where it is said that inter nal disorders as well ,ns tn tasks from without, apparently are feared. It is asserted that preparations have been made to remove from the city archives of state and the treas ury, should the necessity arise, and that tit Adrlcnople arrangements are under way to receive the gov ernment officials. An Anglo French fleet Is hammering nt the Dardanelles, which, If passed, would give easy access to Constantlaople. East of the city, on the Iiusso Turklsh frontier, Rnsslan forces, which nre said to have defeated the Turks, are .seeking to penetrate Asiatic Turkey in the direction of Constantinople. RUSSIAN INVASION ADMITTED The Russian sweep across Buko wlaa, Austria's northwestern prov vluce, and through Gnllcla to the Carpathians, against which the Ans trlans have been driven back, is admitted In an official statement today from Vienna. The Austrian military authorities said that the retreat of their troops was made necessary by the numerical superi ority of the Russian forces. SERBS AGAIN FIGHTING Fighting has been resumed on the Servian front. An Austrian force, which occupied an Island near Bel grade, was attacked by Servians, according to an official statement front Nlsh. The hostilities were on a comparatively small scale nnd there is no indication that Austria contemplates another attack In force on Servla at this time. 700 DEAD ARE FOUND IN STREETS OF PUEBLA Washington, D. C, Jan. S. Reports from Veracruz to the Carranza agency here state that in the streets of Pue bla 700 dead were picked up after the capture of the city by Gen. Obregoo, and that dead Zapata troops wero found scattered for 30 miles outside the city. More than 2000 Zapata troops surrendered, it is stated. Advices from Nuevo Laredo to the Carranza agency state Villa forces were routed by Gen. Luis Caballero in battle Wednesday near Victoria, Ta maullpas. Many dead and wounded were left on the field. T raffic Dou ts Tilings You Must Not Do Id El Paso Don't "Jay walk." Don't "Jny drive." Don't drive foster than 12 miles an hour on San FrnnciNCo street. Don't drive faster than eight miles an hour within the following limits: South Santa Fe street on the west. East Overland and West Overland streets on the south; North Campbell and South Campbell streets on the east, and East nnd West Missouri streets on the north. Don't drive faster than 18 miles an hour outside of these limits. Don't exceed these speed limits If you nre n doctor, unless you are an swering an urgent call and unless you have a greeu cross displayed plainly. Don't exceed this limit except in re sponding to a call if you are a fire man or police patrol wagon. Don't leave a vehicle staadlng, or hitched, more than -0 mlDutes nt a time within the following JImlts: On North Oregon street, from the south line of the G. II. & S. A. to the south line of San Antonio street; on 31111m street and. Pioneer plain north of the street car tracks from the west line of Oregon street westerly to the west line of El l'aso street; on wills street from the cast line of Stanton street to the west line of Oregon street; on Snn Francisco street from the west GAPTURESr T : H ATMS Fifteen Carranza Cannon on Moulains Pour Shells Into State Capital. SEIZURE OF CITY EFFECTEDBY TRICK Villa Troops Marched in While Adversary Was Not Looking; Battle Rages. Laredo, Tex., Jan. S. The battle of Saltillo, expected for several days, be gan today at 3 a. m., according to an official Carranza announcement today at Nuero Laredo. The fighting is out side the city. The Carranza forces evacuated Saltillo two days ago, mov ing toward Hipolito. The official mes sage said that after several hours tha fighting was still going on. Hundreds Renorteil Killed. Villa troops in and around the oity were attacked by about 15,000 Consti tutionalist troops. Early reports from the battle said that hundreds already wra ueen Kiuea or wounaea. Xne Car ranza forces were attacking from mountains about the city and were pouring in a .fire from -M-eannonr The Villa troops occupied Saltillo two days, ago by a, trick without a fight Tne Carranza forces there un der Gen. Antonio L Vijlareal had evacuated th city to proceed against Villa forces which they met and de feated at La Brisa and Marte. Villa Troops Enter City. Meanwhile Another Villa fores had marched through the mountains south east of Saltillo, and captured the city. The Carranza army returned in force early today. Reports at noon from Carranza sources claimed that the advantage lay n tne Besiegers, out with tne battle still raging. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. i-B-n HE movement Into northern Mex ico of Villa troops has changed considerably the complexion of the military situation in the southern republic. The reason for Villa's move is explained only by varying theories of observers here, in lack of any defi nite official statement. The northern ch'ief is rapidly trans porting the major portion of the old army of the north into his former stronghold in Durango and Chihuahua states. This is chiefly1 to ineet an un expectedly strong advance against Tor reon of the Carranza troops from the east, which this week are said to have given the convention troops a crushing defeat near San Pedro, threatening the railroad center at Torreon, the capture of which would cut off Villa's com munications between the border here and the national capital. Gen. Angeles, in command of Villa's artillery, left Mexico City on December 5 with all his cannon to assist in checking this ad vance. Large groups of Villa troops ttlATS STRIKE AT AGUA PITA Under tne. New Law; line of Oregon street to the west line of I!I Paso street; on South 1 Paso street from the' north Hue of Sen Francisco and Mills streets to the west line of North Stanton street; on Sau Antonio street from the east line of South 1 Paso street to the east line ot South Stanton street; on Stanton street from the U. II. X. S. A. right of nuy to the south line of East Oierlaml street, provided that this Khali not ap ply between the hours of 7 p. m. and t n. m. DON'T CROSS EXCEPT AT CORN3RS. Don't walk across n street nt any place except at the corner nnd then wnlk squarely across. Do not cut cor ners by wnlklng ncrosH from near to far, or far to near corner. Don't cut off fire apparatus. U. S. mall wagons, police apparatus or zm Imlancrs, as they have right of way over all other tehlcles. Don't fail to signal vehicles behind when you Intend to stop. Raise your hand or whip vertically. Don't fall to signal to those behind you vi hen you .utend to urn. Raise your whip or arm horizontally In the direction which you Intend to turn. Don't fall to glie n signal before bncklng. This signal may be given by voice or by lifting the bnnil. Don't fall to keep n constant lookout behind when backing. WITH THE GERMAN RAPID FIRE GUNS also have been dispatched eastward from Torreon. Troops for Sonora. These movements arc. in. addition to the troops which are today passlrfg' through Juarez on their way to.Sanora upon Villa's avowed mission of attack ing the Carranza border garrisons ' at; Agua Frieta and Naco. The danger to the residents of the American towns opposite, if such an attack Is made, will be taken up in negotiations here between Gen. Villa and Gen. Hugh X. Scott, chief of staff of the American army. The American government. It" is understood, will take a definite stand against this new move on the part of the Mexican commander, and, if possi ble, halt It before the' troops' leave Casas Grandes on their overland march to the Sonora-Arizona border. Dissatisfied With Zapnta. Villa also Is reported as having he come dissatisfied with his alliance with the Zapata element In the attempt to reconvene the national convention at Mexico City. At the last meeting re ported, there were more Zapata than Villa delegates present and the session ended after an open fight had been threatened. The Villa faction, it is de clared virtually has abandoned the capital to the Zapata troops and lead ers. Villa adherents, however, insist that all Is cordial between the northern and southern leaders and that Zapata merely has been left to guard the capi tal while Villa attempts to crush the Carranza troops in the north. Villa Explains Plan. Villa explained his plans at Agua Prieta and Naco in a. communication telegraphed to Gen. Scott, who has beon waiting here to confer with the Mexi- (Contlnued on Face 13, Col. 1). Don't fail to give some signal when npproaching n crossing, or in roundlnc, n corner, or curve. Do this no mutter what kind of vehicle you have. Don't bloek some vehicle which wishes to take on or let off passen gers or freight. Move ns soon as re quested. Don't steal a ride on a street ear, or any vehicle. Don't ride on the side or rear ot any vehicle or street car without the con sent of the conductor or other person In charge. DON'T PASS STREET CARS STAND ING STILL. Don't pass any street car with n vehicle when the car hns stopped to tah.e on or let off passengers. Don't approach within ten feet of such car with an nuto cr other ve hicle. Don't pass n street ear except on the right. If there Is not room to pnss on the right follow the car until there Is room. Don't drive n vehicle so covered ns i to obstruct the rear view unless you carry a mirror which will Tcflect the rear tlew at least 200 feet. Don't stop, or pr.rk, a vehicle within eight feet of n fire hydrant. Don't under any elrcurastnnces nt (Cantlnued on Page 3, Column 1.) A German machine gun in the trenches in Flanders. Police To Teach Safety First' Grip To Girls at Dances In Pittsburg Pittsburg, Pa., Jan. 8. Declaring that if "there is one open gate to the downward path it is the unregulated dance'liall." Charles S. Hubbard, director of public safety, announces not only that public dances here are to be, under police supervision, but that women and girls are to be taught a -"safety first" position which will prevent familiarity on the floor, llr. Hubbard says he lias ascertained that many high school girls attend dances of questionable character while parents suppose fiey are visiting friends. . . . .'We .plan to have policemen learn the 'safety first' position," sa.id Mr. Hubbard, "so that they will be able to insist upon it at all public dances, thuB obviating the close embrace,, which is one of the -most objectionable . features. If a girl employs this 'safety first' grip or whatever you wish to call it, it will be impossible for a man to take any liberties with her on the dance floor unless she wills it:'' ,SII T HIT Rl POSTMASTER AT EL PASO New Postmaster For El Paso, Tex. A. SHKI.TON. sflaBsBsBsBsBHuSraHvr' WnsBflHBBsBBsH j wmmuM " JmMR aBBSBsanK3J&ABn9BKSS32235E3SLI K. a Newspaper "Made WASHINGTON, D. C, Jan. S. E. A. Shelton was nominated post master at El Paso today. The term of postmaster J. A. Smith will ex pire on Feb. 23. Mr. Smith has served over eight years and a half, continuously, as postmaster at Kl Paso, having gone into the office nn .Time 1 1405 -urban T Tl rklatioiiun resigned. From that time until Feb. 23, ; 1906, Mr Smith was acting postmaster. j On the latter date he was apointed for ' a term of four years by president I Roosevelt, anil when his term expired, i Mr. TaTt named him for another four I j cars. This appointment will expire in , February. Mr Smith is one of the very few Re publican postmasters allowed to con tinue in office until the expiration of his term. EL r ISO'S NEW POSTMASTER IS V PIONEER EL PASO AN T. A Shelton. newly appointed post ma; tt i for El Paso, is a pioneer El Pasoan, having reared a family here He is a prominent member of the rresb torian church and is clerk of the i'ffii lal board. He has lived here for the past 2 years, leaving come here from Piantion. Miss He is the father of Mrs. W Ji Howe. Mrs. R. C. Semple, r 'ill M;ss Anna Shelton. Mr Shelton has always lived a quiet life and has never held public I'Tii-o but once, when he was a member oi the school board. He was in the "mo business when he first came here, hiti of late ears has followed the vo i i.ion of epert accountant. V H Shelton and Edgar Shelton are brothers of the newly named postmas t. r SVN FRVN CISCO JEWS TO ID RACE IN PALESTINE San Francisco, Calif., Jan. 8. For the relief of Jews in Palestine who are re- ported on the verge of starvation, the . Jewish colony of this city will be asked I for contributions. Infantry Attack Follows, but French With Bayonets Resist Assault. VON HINDENBURG NEEDS MORE MEN Awaits Reinforcements Be fore New Attempt to Take Warsaw. LONDON, Eng, Jan. . Aside from the continued Russian pursuit of the Turkish forces defeated in the Caucasus and the continuation of the Russian advance through tha passes of the Carpathian mountains, aiege warfare with intermittent artil lery duels seems for the moment to prevail almost everywhere in the area of hostilities, in the eastern arena as well as in the western. The reports reaching London show that Gen. Voa Hindenburg, the Ger- uuui oHjunuvw in rvuura, tor some time pent has- made no -appreciable progress toward Warsaw, the mud of Poland evidently having done for him what the broken dykes and the result ant inundations did for the Germans in West Flanders. A dispatch from Copenhagen declares Von Hindenburg is expecting heavy reinforcements and that, with an army of 1,000,000 men, he purposes to make one more su preme effort to break through to the Polish capital. Austrians Admit Invasion. Austro-Hungary again admits the retirement of the forces in Bukowina and it is from this Russian forward movement, before which the -Austrians are giving way, that the most spectac ular development of the next fortnight may be expected to spring, according to the opinion expressed today by some British observers -ot the war. The ar gument is made that once Russia gets a good foothold beyond the mountain passes, something that may be accom plished in a fortnight if the Russians are not checked, a big stride toward the overrunning of Hungary would have been made. Germans Demollish Trenches. German forces in the Argonne region, by means of a mine Thursday blew up some of the first line trenches of the French forces, demolishing them com pletely, according to an admission in the French official statement today. Immediately afterward, the Germans undertook a violent attack with infan try. The French, quickly reorganizing the surviving troops, repulsed the at tack, using bayonets effectively. Some German prisoners were taken, and the French claim to nave held their posi tion except for a distance of $0 yards. There the demolition of the trenches forced the French to fall back to other trenches, 20 yards in the rear. The French official report says the customary artillery all along the line from the sea to Alsace continues and that the French guns are gaining the advantage. The French claim some infantry advances. Near Reims they moved forward 200 yards and else where SO. At another point they re tired 50 yards. Referring to the situa tion in Alsace, the French report claims favorable developments. Artillery Is Very Active. The report follows: "The artillery of the enemy showed during all the day of Januarv 7 great activity in Belgium and in the vicinity of Arras. The French artillery re sponded spiritedly and efficaciously. ''Our infantry made some progress near Lombaertzyde. We occupied at a point 50 yards in advance of our trenches a hillock which had been held by the enemy. To the east of St. Georges we gained ground and we In flicted serious damage on the trenches of the enemy in the vicinity of Steen stratte. Up To Shoulders In Water. "In- the section of Arras, at the forest of Rerthonval. without being attacked we were compelled to evacuate certain I trenches, where our men were up to I their shoulders in sand and water. To me ien oi noisseue our lines o' trenches have been moved forward ami we occupied the road from Boisselle to Aveluy. "In the valley of the Aiane the artil lery exchanges Thursday were quite spirited. Our heavy artlllerv secure! good results near Blanc Sahlon. At this point the mine throwers of the enemy Inflicted losses on us. but in the afternoon we checked this fire from the Germans. RIoek House Blown Up. 'In the section of Reims to the west of the forest Des Zouaves we blew vr a block house and occupied a new trench, 200 yards in advance of our lines. "The artillery engagement between Betheny and - Prunay was conducted Thursday with great fierceness. The Germans left iranv dead on the field: our losses were not heavv. Between Jonchery-Sur-Suippe and Souaine, we time and again reduced to silence the artillery of the enemy demolished his (Continued on Pace 2. Contain 1.) In E! Paso"