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HERALD TODAY'S PRICES Hir silver (Handy & Harmon quota ' nl 4S Copper. 14.MH011 ITH - "rks lower Grains. lower Livestock. "if ili Mexican bank note 15 Mexl nn pesos, IB Chihuahua currency, 11 irrnnra currency, 11. HOME EDITION VTEATIIEK rOKECAST. Fair and coWer tonight. LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. single corr five cents. EL PASO. TEXAS. SATURDAY EVENING. FEBRUARY 13. 19 1 5. DELIVERED ANYWHERE 60 CENTS A MONTH 28 PAGES TODAY FOUR SECTIONS. FOREIGNERS ARE DRIVEN FROM ALSACE terworks clJPfilLfl, z Cuts Mexico City Wa -e Mexican Leader Praises the President and Secretary of State Bryan. WHY HEGOT OUT OF MEXICO CITY Feared Having Communica tion Cut Is Representing Convention Sentiment. WYSIIIXOTOX, D. O. Feb. 13. Zapntn forces have de stroyed the waterworks In Mexico City. The food famine has. become more critical nnd Indica tion are tbat Carranza forces may noon evacuate, official adTlecH to tbe Yraerican government say to day. Official! here arc much con cerned over the reports; which have been coibIiik for tbe last three days. "With lack of food, unrest among tbe population and tbe fact that Mexico r"lty In of no meat strategic importance, diplomats) In. Mexico City fear the place may be left without semblance of authority at any moment. Idvleesj to the state department from C P. Diaz report that on Thursday Villa troops evacuated Monclova. .and ,.jYel wohIb, the CamaM force "uftfler "Wen. T,nls Svsierre eceupylBitr "he town without resistance. GE1. FRANCISCO VILLA has Issued his first statement explanatory of h.s withdrawal from Mexico City and his reasons for establishing a pro- Isional government In an interview at Guanajuato. Durango. with B. C. I'techt, representing the New York World. Gen. Villa talked freely of his plans and hopes. Questions were sub mitted to the general in writing; and he dictated his replies. Translated, the statment of Gen. Villa follows: "First I deeply appreciate the opinion of the American people in thinking me the strongest of all the leaders of Mexico. "In spite of the fact that the army under my command is recognized as ery efficient, it became entirely neoetj- sary to evacuate Mexico City, for the lollowing reasons: The Gutierrez Flight "While I was at Lagos in the state of Jalisco, I learned of the shameful flight of expresident Enlalio Gutierrez and some of his ministers, with some fol lowing that soon began to desert tnem. 1 had heard rumors that this was going to happen, very vague rumors. Natural ly I was much surprised at the unfaith fulness of men I had thought to be honorable. ' "I was unable to ascertain whether or not the spirit of treason had spread in different directions and so I did not wish to leave any traitors behind me. Will Soon Itetake Capital. "I could have kept Mexico City at all hazards, but I was in danger of being tut off from my base of supplies and operations. "Natural reason advised roe not to spread -ay forces too much, obliging them to cover extensive territories, for in that manner they could be attacked separately and they might 1 caught with insufficient war munitions and supplies. "As I was sure that many of the sol diers that had been deceived by the traitors would come baok to us in the path of honor, it was indispensable to w ait for them outside of Mexico City in order to take them again in the body of the army in order to concentrate and reorganize the same. "In a short time I will attack Mexico City and will retain it at any cost. Is Not Attempting Czarlsm. "I do not pretend to establish a gov ernment Independent from the conven tion. As said assembly is at present un able to communicate with us, I have yielded to the necessity of decreeing, as the true and legitimate representative of the convention, the establishment of three departments, which, with their domicile in the city of Chihuahua will conduct and decide upon all matters ap pertaining to the federal government. These three departments are subject to the convention and will, in due time, submit all their transactions to it, that tbey may be rectified and ratified. "In my capacity of legitimate repre sentative pf the convention government, which is a republican, democratic and (Continued en race z, C6L 4). Compliment From an Editor Sw City, N. il., Feb. 9, 1916. Editor El Pmo Herald: I am writing to compliment you and each one in ine office on the mag nificent Annual Review Edition issued last we , every page of which I read with great, interest. To appreciate The Herald fnlly, one must get away from El Paso. If you could see them "eat it up" here when the mail gete in each day, it would compensate all of you for the hard work you put in each day getting out the paper. The Herald is getting bigger and better ever' day and I know the people are bound to appreciate it for the work it is doing for El Paso and the Southwest. Every item about Silver City that it prints makes its friends here all the more staunch. Sincerely yours, Bon W. I.uek, Editor Silver City Independent. What We Want To Know Is, Which Candidate Has Mr. Bryan's Endorsement? TEXAS The rVar At a Glance THE persistent German attack in the Argonne has gained further ground, the Berlin war office announced today. More than half a mile of French positions is said to have been won. There has been further fighting in the Vosges and the Berlin official report states that all attacks of the allies were repulsed. The French communica tion gives few details of Friday's fighting, laying particular stress upon heavy artillery contests. FIND AMERICAN AMMUNITION The German war office states that on the western front was found ar tillery munition "wh'ch doubtless originated in American factories." ONLY CIVILIANS INJURED Regrettable damage to the civilian population was caused, it is said in Berlin, by the British aeroplane raid over. Belgium, but only slight losses were sustained by the Germans. GERMANS CELEBRATING Berlin is already celebrating tie striking victory said to have been won over the Russians in east Prus sia, and further successes are noted in today's official report It is stated that in northern Poland as well as east Prussia, the Russian attacks have failed and that the Germans have been uniformly successful. IRISH LEADER BEVEJ.S PLOT Charges British Government Wh.C6nspirngJo Cap ture or IQuHinv' Berlin, German, Fab. IS. That the British government has- consoired to have him captured or killed, is charged by Sir Roger Casement, Irish leader of the Separatist faction, in an open letter to Sir Edward Grey, British foreign minister. He claims to have documen tary evidence to sustain Mb charges. Sir Roger made a statement, says the Overseas Ktws agency, charging Mans feldt de C. Findlay, British minister to Norway, with conspiring with Sir Rog er's man servant, Adler Christenson, a Norwegian, for the capture or killing or Casement, for which Christenson would receive at least $25,000. Sir Roger showed a photographic copy of what purported to be a letter written on British legation paper at Christiana in the minister's handwriting and over his signature. The writer of this letter promised, "on behalf of the British gov ernment, that if, through information given by Christenson, Sir Roger should be captured, either with or without his companions. Christenson would receive "from the British government" 5000 pounds sterling. liure lllm to Const. Christenson personally declared, ac cording to Sir Roger, that Mr. Findlay told him to lure Sir Roger to a point on the coast, where a British ship could run and get him, "or still better, to knock him In the head." Sir Roger said he has asked the Nor wegian government for protection and, after this promise was received, he would go to Christiana and lay before the government proofs of the minis ter's conspiracy with a Norwegian sub ject on Norwegian soil. On Feb. 4 Sir Kdward Grey announced in the house of commons that the pen sion allowed to Sir Roger Casement, who was formerly in the consular ser vice, had been suspended pending an investigation of allegations that he was disloyal. A sensation was caused in England last November, when it was reported that Sir Roger had conferred with the German imperial authorities in Berlin concerning what attitude Ger man troops would have toward Ireland If they landed there. It was stated that he wato assured that If German troops should land ,n Ireland all native insti tutions would be respected. GERMANY WILL RETALIATE AGAINST BRITISH SHIPS Washington, D. C. Feb. 13. Count von Bernstorff, the German ambassador, diseussed with secretary of state Bryan today the case of the American steamer Wilhelmlna, whose cargo of foodstuffs, destined to civilians in Germany, is held by British authorities at Falmouth. The ambassador reiterated, it was learned, that tbe attempt which he declared Grat Britain was making to starve the civilian population of his country by preventing the foodstuffs from entering Germany, would have to be met in retaliation by Germany's attempt to cut off commerce with the British isles. COURT GMEIOR TAKES The Attorney General Insists Punch and Chicken Salad Are Groceries. SAYS STATE NOT . ' LIABLE FOR ITEM Stale Controler Is Enjoined From Issuing Warrant For Items. AUSTIN, Texas, Feb. 13. Although a deficiency appropriation bill Including an item of J166.50 for chicken salad ana punch used at the executive mansion when former gov ernor Colquitt was in office, was ap proved by Gov. Ferguson in spite of the ' rming oi tne attorney general that the appropriation was unconstitutional, the caterer who furnished the edible prob ably will not get his monnv until th courts have settled certain points. Causes Legislative Fight. The bill eftused a fight In the legis lature and attorney general Looney held that salad and punch came under the head of groceries, which could not legally be bOUSrht for the znverno,- nf iiicjitLie. liDV. KPfl IsSX&Eri . Wat "fiWrV.i.. .-:'," j ajuinpr i. e kxnr.nsrantfml Mbr- T"t, that I have fen .oeranmU , roatter. baMfwanr Us seffhis eierminea as qutCKTy as pos- cumroiar .1 ei-reM today In the injunction which has against him In the 53d dls-restralnlna- him from ismi- nts for the 3Moken salnrt punth litems" in ' the deficiency UU. He said he had not a vet deforming whom he will get to- represent him. ,aue me attorney general is the states lesral advisor that nffi.tQi .n.r j-beg to be excused because of his opin- jy mw mo nens art unconstitutional. The assistant attorney general, C C. McDonald may be selected, Mr. McDon ald being the representative of the state in the court of criminal appeals. The controler said he would finish the conference with the governor on the subject before he determines his course. No date has yet been selected for a hearing on the injunction. Favors Suing- Insurance Companies. Reporting favorably the concurrent resolution introduced by senator Brels ford, which authorizes and directs at torney general Looney to institute suit against 19 foreign insurance compa "IS" who withdrew from the state in 190(, and to collect over Si nun nan in j accrued taxes, the senate committee on omie aiiairs inis morning paved the way for the settlement of the contro versy centering around the Gibson bill, which would repeal the Robertson law Hobby Urge Suit. Lieut Gov. Hobby appeared before the committee and defended the Breis ford resolution. He declared that if the taxes were due the state they should be collected and that nnt a inii. av,..i,. I Jo remitted. The Brelsford resolution uirecis (pie senate rinance committee to Include an item of J 10,000 in the gen eral appropriation bill to be used by the attorney general's department in pros ecuting the suit Sfo XlKht Session. The same committee, after consider able debate, postponed, indefinitely tbe Townsend resolution which provided that the senate hold night sessions for the consideration of restricting meas ures This means the practial death of the resolution. However, there is a sentiment In the committee in favor of congressional restricting. Makes Resolution a Bill, In order that quick action might be taken on the proposition, senator Lat tlmore changed his fconcurrent resolu tion introduced -a few days ago, to au thorize the women of the state to vote at a SDecial election tn lio t,Ai . June, on the question of whether or not an amendment will be submitted on women a suffrage, Into a bill. This bill was today considered by the senate committee on commerce and manufac ture and given a favorable report Sen; ator Lattimore feared that the resolu tion would not be brought out as quickly as a bill. May Vote Anywhere on Route The house voted favorable yesterday on. a constitutional amendment which, lin,K2!?d wiU Derm't traveling and railroad men to vote, in state and presi roUte? el6ctIor'8 at any point on their 510 Ground Gained. . fSr "P?nflinK the entire morning in consideration ef the resolutions calcu i "iff, "l separate the university and a. &. M., the committee on constftutlon '.""njentn to the house adjourned without having gained ajiy ground to ward report to the house Considerable debate was given the fSbt8M,fi,dHe",!5 re1on. and the substitute offered for the original Sackett measure. A subcommittee worked on all the measures until nearlv nHdnlght .last night and reported to the main committee this morning the iSl"al .SlStt rM0l"n with amend ments with the recommendation that it The house was busy this afternoon with many local bill to be considered ISSUE WITH LDONEY est Hike iTKt discussuS been lsutaj trict com. lne . watra and TO GET SALAD FIGHT FRENCH TROOPS ADVANCING THROUGH MANY BARBED WIRE ENTANGLEMENTS i -. .2&.Ttira c. m Jo.amam tfrs. cjftt m t$e , estoro portion 4he order of the dft .... . . .. - the iCuropeaa that defender is-proving a jrrW Tbe photozrepa ws a French, conaft flanking moxeiue; tie. SEMITEIMIJS 1 Democrats- Will Caucus On Monday Hight to Bind majority. ty omp urn., Washington, D. ,C., Feb. 13. Senate Democrats today neid a conference to consider whether to continue the fight for a cloture rule or to abandon this phase of the contest and retrfrn to a direct effort to 'pass the administration ship purchase MIL In the meantime administration leaders ' in the house were drafting a compromise shipping bill in accordance with -plans approved by the president Chairman Padget of -the naval com mittee prepared a special rule for con aideratlon of th administration pro-1 posal and arrangements were made for a caucus of house Democrats Monday mgnt to uina the majority to sup port it. The rule would discharge the com mittee from further consideration of the Weeks naval bill with the Gore bill ana the other amendments as out lined by the administration, cut oft all other amendments, and allow six hours of general debate, so the entire meas ure could be put through tbe house in a single session. It was expected the plan would bring the ship bill before the house Thursday or Friday. Filibuster In Resumed. While the administration Democrats were reframing the ship bill, the Re publican filibuster blossomed out anew in the senate when senator Gore tried to have the commerce committee dis charged from considering his substi tute, which is fo be used as one of the bases of compromise. Senator Burton took rthe floor for speech that promised to lest all "day and it was aparent tbat the Republican opposition was prepared to hold its line firm until the administration compro mise took a thoroughly defnite form. SOUTHERN PACIFIC CAN RETAIN STEAMER LINES Washington, D. C, Feb. I. Reten tion of control of the Pacific- Steamship company by the Southern Pacific rail road was authorized today by the In terstate Commerce commission in its first decision under the -provision of the Panama canal act, reqnlri rail roads to give up competing ateamahip lines, except when joint ownership and operation was founfl by the com mission to be of public advantage. The petition of the railroad set forth that it proposed to operate the steam ship company in traffic between San Francisco and ports in Mexico, Guate mala. Salvador, Honduras, Jflcaragua and Costa Rica, between Mexican and Central American ports -and Europe, and between Mexican and Central ports and the entire gulf ports of the United States. The commission was told during the argument of the case that the South ern Pacific proposedto give up its ser- i vice from San Francisco to New York ' tluouKh the canal. i anatne oia wHorareeaaHi ot the; FT B XMMW -Stt1 '- ' n4tTV , - wir is pn (,ie second, great United St couple- decac . . . tie queens and factor for ttjp.jefeiKe. It, is so ptatjfe and role in . pj3 time to pour a enunuett and wimermg lire ltrtti an atfHang advancing 'HAM rts Aareed wire. 'Protection to take up new petitions in-a " ... Drop Bombs on German Bases in Northern Belgian Cities and' Escape. i - - London, Eng. Feo 13. THIrty-fonr aeroplanes ami seaplane. of the British aerial' navy participated Friday in tbe largest .military movement of the war. Flying over cities In northern Belgium, the .airships dropped bombs on Ger-, man bases with the objeet ef br.ea'kiE up any plans the Germans might haw to establish submarine bases from. which to harass North sea shipping. THe airmen were handicapped by a Se vere snow storm, through which they buffeted their wa. Sluch Damage Rcsultii ' Although no submarines were" seen, the British admiralty statement indi cates tbat the "raid had sarlsMetory results for considerable damage to said to have been done to German gun -positions, railway lines and -railway sta tions. 'The Ostend station is said to have been set on fire and that at Blankenberghe to have beeh badly damaged. The German mine sweeping vessels at Zeebrugge also came in for a hall of bombs, but the damage dono to them has not been stated. At various" points the airmen were received by the Germans with firing from aerial guns and rifles. Grnhn.me-'Wblte Escapes. ' The machine driven by flight com mander Claude Grahams-White, among the most interpid of the British flyettJ felL into the sea while returning to, its base after the rata was over and-'the aviator -had a narrow escape from drowning. Fortunately for him a cruiser was nearby and picked him up and then towed his aeroplane into port Wing commander Samson, who pre viously b4 'made several notable visits to eneiny positions In an aeroplane, waa in command of the raiding aviators. He waa assisted bj. wing commander Loiujmore and squadron commanders Courtney. Porte and Rathorne. During the raid warships bombarded the German positions along the coast CHICAGO NATIONALS RELEASE 'LEACH AND'THREE OTHERS Chtcago. 111., Feb. 13. Tour players. Including JToramy Leach,, last year ap tain of th4 team, were released uncon ditionally oday by the Chicago Na tionals. The others were Chas. Smith and 'Edward Stack, pitchers, and .ra. Sweeney, second baseman. Leach, be fore Joining the Chicago Nationals, was a star outfielder for tbe Pittsburg club and was one of the best known player: In the country. Manager Bresnahan. who Issued the releases, sid they were made in fuxth. erance of a policy he had adoptefi ot building up a team of young players. iinsnn MUDID the history of civiliiatioTU Itsfihrt when fenced rasoes eradoallr became the ie Sings" wnacects&d-. Now"harbed- Wh in. wovnaMut in frqnfc tj$-injfrell poseUok party below? A reaches jpeir trencfeee. NEW FAST MAIL TfiipiED Burleson Orders B.etter.Ser . vice for Texas, Ner Mex ico and Arizona. Washington. D. C, Feb. 13. New ar- rangeinentis for faster, mall train ser- ' j vice between Chicago and the Pacific coast were announced today by post master general Burleson, 'be changes ,will 'affect the service in Missouri. Kan sas, Colorado, Oklahoma,-. Texas, New Mexico, Arizona. and California. ' One newmaH train beiyi sfen ' Chicago ana Los Angeles taiu make the-run in j &4 hours and Mm'iBuAs "over the Santa Fe The -time, of other trains through various .states.'wnibe' slanged in conformity, to- improve connections. Thq, Missouri Pacific and Pennsylvania have arrange new soheduiej to agree. 15,000,000 Cattle Roam El Paso Ranges Beyond question 1 Paso is the center of the greatest cattle producing area in the world. That is why cattle producing is of such ital importance to El Taso and Why it i regarded as El Paso's chiefest industry and asset. The annual convention of the Southwestern and Panhandle Cattle Growers' association will be held in this city during the first week in March and will attract thousands of cattle growers, buyers and feeders and their families to thie city for that occasion. ADVERTISERS Should not fail to take advantage ef the opportunity which will be afforded them to acquaint these visitors with what they have on sale. Many -n ill be here from the ranches and the smaller cattle towns throughout the "cattle growing area of Arizona," New Mexico, Texas and Northern Mexico, tributary to 1 Paso, and many tHM corns prepared to supply their spring and summer needs from the stock of El Paso merchants. THE CATTLEMEN'S EDITION i ...of... THE HERALD Of which 30(000 copies will be printed and distributed to carefully selected lists of-names ef cattle growers, feeders and buyers .will afford an admirable medium through which to reach this especially desirable class ot prospective buyers. If you have not reserved space in this edition RESERVE SPACE NOW Civilian Natives Begin Evac uation and Are Pouring Into Switzerland. CAPTUREWARSA W, KAISER ORDERS Germans Shell Nieuport, and Ten Aviators Drop Bombs On Verdun, France. GEXBVA. Switzerland, Feb. 13 The reported expulsion of all foreigners from the part of upper Alsace still occupied by the German, ba been confirmed, and St is also stated that a complete evac uation by the civilian population has been commenced. All young boya already hare been sent aeross the Rhine, and now old men, women and children are leafing, many crossing- the Siriu frontier at Basel and other points irbrre speelal re lief committees have been organ ized to take care of them. The ex pulsion order la unexplained. The bombardment of Than has xear laereSHeA la la (nutty in tW tea W data and, te ale ef ffae dee fMt f aattliv tfce flame es tt hr iaratrHWi The? torse eot- ' saewnfua; -mrllw and wen vIhk jihes, ewatMtttinir the most impor tant teihiatry of the town, are now only heaps of atone. Cernay also haa 'been -Virtually destroyed. Vbout AlMilreb the artillery has been par tieaisrjy. active, the guns on both sides betas hidden under the snow to conceal them from reconnolter-Ina- aircraft constantly crulslnc over this part of Alsace. T ONDON, Eng. I , William of Feb 13. Emperor Germany received field marshal von Hindenburg on the eastern battle front on Friday and it was decided, at the kaiser's order, to make a renewed dash for Warsaw next week, according to a dispatch from Amsterdam to the Exchange Tele graph company. The German emperor, the message adds, is said to be anxious that the Polish capital be taken before the next meeting of the Reichstag in order to Induce the house to -vote a new war loan without opposition. The retirement of the Russian forces in east Prussia and the great British air raid on the coast of Belgium ap pear today as the biggest factors in the military situation. Germans Report Victory. As in other important encounters in the eastern arena of the war, the claims rof the opponents disagree as to the strategic importance ot the German movement Into, east Prussia. The Ger mans are hairing it as a great victor v. Berlin is decorated with flags. Petro grad declares- the-'RTtssians are delib erately realigning taefr forces on their own territory, supported by 'their own forts, andlhat the decisive conflict is yet to come. The battling in the Carpathians in going on in the' snow,, but the informa tion from this field of activities is most scant and the indications reach -(Continued on Page Three.