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Ihe JKeasoD Dirmer Was Late - . . . - - .--...-1 . . i .1 I... ,, , .. Bulis at $35,000 Gold, and Calves Worth $12,000 Make Argentine Estanclas Famous "Americus," World's Highest Priced Bull, Is King of the San Juan Herd of 6000 Blooded Cows; Many Famous Herds in LA PLATA, Argentina, Feb. 13. HaVe you ever heard of San Juan? It is the famous eetancia belong iii; to the sons of Leonardo l'ereyra, on Inch wan bred tlie Shorthorn bull Americus, that sold at auction in Buenos Aires a ear or so ago for ?3o,000 iu old. That was the highest price ever paid for any bull anywhere upon earth, and it gives one some idea of the -value or the stock now on the estate. The estancia lies on the Rio de la Plata, almost on the edge of this city, and within an hour's ride of Buenos Aires, the capital of the Aigentine Re public. It runs for nine miles along the river, and extends far back into the country. It contains 32,000 acres of at. gocd pasture land as any in Kentucky, and this is divided up into fields of 100 acres or more, upon -which are now feed ing some of tlie finest bred cattle of the world. Foresight of Its Founder. The founder of the estate, senor Perevra, was the first to realize the im portance of high-class pedigreed stock and he began to found his herd of Dur ban as far back as 1857, when he im Ijortfd the bull Defiance and the cow Loral. The next year he bought the famou bull Don Juan and the cow Dahlia, and later on other shorthorns which stand high in stock breeding history. He has Herefords with pedigrees which date lack for 50 years, since he imported their ancestors from England, and he has Liiuoln and Rainbouillet sheep that 1 ave won silver cups all over this coun try at the great fairs. Has 6GO0 Blooded Cows. The estate now has on it more than 6000 cons of fine blood and hundreds of pedigreed bulls. It is used largely as a breeding establishment to supply the other great ranches belongingto th family, where there arc altogether some thing like 80,000 cows, and from which are sold every year 18,000 fat steers. Is Magnificent Estate. Sin Juan is one of the most beautiful estates in this land of millionaire fann ers I have spent the greater part of the day going over it. The railroad sta tion lies almost at the gates, and the house is approached through wide ave l ties of magnificent trees. Senor I'erey ri sent his major domo to meet me, and 1 vas iliiven in a coach drawn by two IIiknIiiI horses for an hour or mori tin nigh a mighty park, planted by the i nih CHARLES DANA GIBSON'S This park consists of a euealyptus forest, the trees of which are 100 feet high and as big around at the base as a hogshead. , There aie other trees scat tered among them, and here and there are great patches of wide open space cov ered witii grass ah high as your knee. Here a stream winds about through the which liang great clumps of bamboos. I Some of the avenues are lined with palms ot many varieties. This part of the estate looks like a great English park. There are more than 750 acres In trees alone, and all ot these have been planted by Senor Pereyra. I saw one pine tree which, with its branches, was fully 50 feet in diameter. It was brought as a spring by the father of the family when he came from Europe about 60 years ago. It was one of the first trees planted upon the estate, and be fore that time the country was nothing but a plain covered with grass. Trees Are Everywhere. Now there are trees everywhere They are planted in the fields as shade for the animals, 20,000 new trees being set out every year. Among these trees I saw a herd of deer feeding. There are something like 200 on the estate, and they are all the offspring of a male and two females which the owner brought here some 40 years ago. As we rode over the farm we now and then scared up a wild ostrich. There are hundreds of them running about through the fields, and the ma jordomo says that in galloping after the cattle he now and then hears a splash and finds that the horse has run over a nest of large ostrich eggs. Calves That Sell for Sll',000. The first herd of flDe stock we looked at consisted of 60 pedigreed Herefords, ranging in age from three to eight years. Their average weight was about a ton, and they had never been fed on anything but grass. Several of them were prizej cows, and others will go Into the shows this year. I looked at one that weighed 2500 pounds, and that, although she was only four years old. She seemed to be all meat, and when I pressed my thumb into her back it made hardly a dent. This cow's name was Lady Clare. Two of her calves have each sold for $12,000. I next photographed a two year old Durham cow. This animal weighed al most a ton, and it was perfect of its kind. Mr Pereyra was offered $16,000 In gold for It last year, but the sum v. as refused I said to the majordomo that the young cow might jet brins more than vmericus He lauplied and said that the price Americus brought EL m - . -By- Frank G. Carpenter (Copyright. 1915, by Frank G. Carpenter.) Blooded Cattle; On One Estate Are Republic was phenomenal and that bulls like him were not sold every year. A Visit to the Stables. Our next visit was to the stables, where the fine bulls are kept- . There are five of these stables, each covering perhaps half an acre. They are long low buildings divided up into great box stalls with an aisle running through the center. The floors are all ot brick but the animals stand upon boards which are carpeted with bed ding about a foot deep. The doors to the stalls slide on wheels and every thing is of the most modern stylo. Animals Scrubbed Dally. There are perhaps 30 bulls in each stable, but the -ventilation is perfect, and as I went through there was ns smell from the cattle. The animals are washed and scrubbed every morning, and before they enter the shows they are treated to a special lotion of hair restorer that makes their coats shine like satin. The animals are cared for like so many kings, each bull having its own private stall about fifteen or twenty feet square At my request the majordomo had some of the bulls led out, that I might photograph them. The great animals waddled as they walked. None weighed much less than a ton, and every one was of royal blood. Among others, were two sons of the bull that sold for $35,000. One of these was is months old. It was twice as big as the better class Shorthorns of the same size in the States. Others of the stables were devoted to fine Hereford stock. Altogether there are about 200 bulls, every one of which has a pedigree longer than any geneal ogy In the historical collection of Bos ton. Calf Ten Day Old, 2000. As I walked through the stables, I saw a little male calf sucking a cow The calf was only ten das old It was not as big as a Newfoundland dog, but it was a perfect Durham in shape When I asked as to its value, the majordomo told me that it was worth at least $2000 it is the son of th famous Americus, and it may turn out to be a prize winner and bring as much or more than its father. Never theless, todav it is so small that I could hav-e lifted it up in my arms It is ! probably the most valuable piece of veal upon record As I rode from herd to herd thiough the great fields and looked at these animals I was surprised at their tame ness Both bulls and cows o"uld bo approached and handled without danger, and at one time I put my arms around the neck of a prize cow, and. so stand ing, had mv photograph taken Thesi catt'e are never sworn at, nor in nn m.'S rodghlj tualed, and a child can PASO HERALD go into the stall of any one of the bulls without danger. Some of the Show Animals. In one stable I was shown the can didates, for the great show in 1916 These include both Herefords and Dur hams. There are perhaps 100 of them, ranging1 in age from two months up to two and one half years. Later on I saw the dairy It contains scores of cows which have tfeen bred by crossing the Holsteins with certain othsr breeds. In this way Mr. Pereyra has made a milking strain of his own. It is said to be superior to any other for Ar gentine use. Many Pine Sheep. I next saw some of the sheep. There are thousands of them on the farm, and these Include the finest of Lincolns, Rambouillets and Black-faces. All ot the sheep are pedigreed, and in the sheep stables we saw some of the prize animals. They are kept in great pens under roofs. Each pen is about fifteen feet square, and there are about twenty sheep to the pen. There are also thor oughbred Angora goats. The fields in which the fine breeding animals are kept are in squares and some of them are 170 acres in extent. They are so arranged that there is a well and a windmill for every four fields. The windmill is inside a ring and the gates from the field open Into the ring so that the stock from each field can be kept separate when driven in for water. The arrangements are such that the estate can be handled with compara tively few men. It now employs only 200, but a larger number of these are taken up in the care of the tables and of the park and gardens and the serv ice of the famljy On some of Mr. Pe reyra's other estancias that have from 20,000 to 80,000 cattle, only one-third as many men are employed There the cattle run about as they please, and CATTLE IN The hull " ViucrlcuV which uSjrjjsjKVjjvx ifr v jjf44r&jlV 1 uc jtt fit aJJBtJPfffKaBPBf yr "TV LATEST PICTURES the only thing to be done is to see that the fences are kept up and that nothing happens to the stock. Devoted Principally to Breeding. As far as its fine stock Is concerned, this estate of San Juan is one of the best of the republic It is devoted rath er to breeding than to the raising of beef, and the animals born here are shipped to the other estancias of the owner to improve the stock. Some of those estancias have thousands of cat tle which run practically wild, and the only thing to be done is to loek out and see if any be wounded or killed. The animals eat out of doors and the meat is nearly clear profit. On some of the Pereyra farms they have large fields of alfalfa. There is one of 27 square miles which is altogether alfalfa. It is used for stock raising. In addition to the pedigreed animals required for Improving the stock, are those which are sold at the stock shows. The Perev ra herd has often led at such shows and it is now especially famous on account of Americus. That bull was born on the 15th of February, 1911. He was the son of Centennial Victor and Ravenswood III, and he has a pedi gree running back to the 15th genera tion, his 15th great-grandfather In or der of his birth being named Julius Caesar. Mnn Other Tine nstanclas. In addition to the Pereyra estancias there are many others in ihe republic that are famous for their fine cattle, horses and sheep. This is one of the chief grazing countries of the world and the farmers are steadily Improving the stock. They are paying enormous prices for fine bulls and rams and have been spending fortunes in bringing in fine blooded stock from England and I'rance (oho Imports Sl.'.OOO Hull. Take Manuel Cobo, who had an es ARGENTINE sold fo r S. ul'O In gold. Week-End Editiuii, February 13-14, 1915 (Copyright, tate of 25.000 acres. He recenllv Im. 1 ported a bull named Rufus that cost mm 51&.000 and he has several Durham and Hereford bulls that each cost from $7000 to $10,000. At One time he im ported a flock of 930 head of Lincoln sheep, for which he paid $150,000 in gold, and he has sold one bull that brought $11,000. He raises only pure bred cattle and sheep and has on his estancia 500 pedigreed shorthorn cattle. 40 shorthorn stock bulls and 10,000 pure bred Lincoln sheep. The Cooo estate has 80 windmills to water the stock, and it kills 2 bullocks and 20 sheep every day to feed the 200 men employed upon it. La Chapadmalal Estate. Another big show estate is La Chap admalal, about eight hours by railway from Buenos Aires, near Mar del Plata, the most popular summer resort of the Argentine It runs along the ocean for more than nine miles and extends about ten miles back from the sea, being in the shape of a pear with Its head on the beach This property belongs to Senor Martinez de Hoz, who. with his mother, has several hundred thousand acres In three or four differ ent estates. One of his estancias Is all in alfalfa, and upon it 8000 steers are kept the year round, an average of 600 being sold every month. As to Chapadmalal, it Is something like the estate I have just visited, be ing noted for its prize stock and for the fine wav in which they are kept. With the exception of about 6000 acres devoted to grain, it is all in pasture, being divided up into camps, which are in turn subdiv ided into paddocks or fields. There is a driveway forty five feet wide between the fields, and this space has been so planted with trees that every field is surrounded by shade. Sheep Sheared by Machinery. Upon La Chapadmalal there are now IS, 000 Durham cows, 2500 horses and mares, and 38,000 sheep The sheep are sheared by machinerj, and the arrange ments are such that the whole 38,000 can be shorn in two weeks. The owner looks upon his present flock as a small one, and it is only half the number he had a few jears ago. Senor Martinez de Hoz is a great lov er of fine horses, and he breeds race horses here which he takes to London and runs there He has a hunting box and residence in London, and at one time he ran a fashionable coach, keep ing from 40 to 50 Argentine bred herses on the road After a time the fad palled upon him. and he sold out his horses at auction They brought an average of $450 apiece. He has now on his estate near Mar del Plata 100 pure bred hackney mares, 60 pure bred Shire mares and 160 mares used to breed polo ponies Gen. Rocn's Fine Property. Among the other famous estates are those of the late Gen. Roca, wno was formerly president of the republic. He has one at La Larga. a night's ride from Buenos Aires, where his magnifi cent home is surrounded by a thou sand acre park, containing hundreds of thousands of trees, the most of which an onlv ten years old. The La Larga ranch comprises 140,000 acres, and of this 20,000 are in crops OMs, corn and wheat are grown, but the o-its are sown in the fall and the & & 1914, by Life Publishing Company) cattle are allowed to graze upon them. The most of the stock is Durham, and there are 30,000 head upon this big farm. There are also 20,000 Lincoln sheep and about 6060 horses. The horses are mostly Percherons, crossed with the native stock. There are also thousands of ostriches of the South American breed. The latter feed out of doors; and live entirely on grass. Russian Shells Fall in hae and Provide Dinner of Fish for Village Folk Berlin, Germany, Feb. 13. How the Russians provided a, fish dinner for the German population, and soldiers of a little town. In Masurian lake oountrv of east Prussia is told in, a letter a German officer sent to his relatives in Berlin. "The Russians made energetic efforts to destroy the railroad station, of our little town, our only means of com munication with the fatherland," ha writes. The sound of the bursting shells came nearer and nearer. Most of the shells dropped into a lake in front of the town Then our artillery became busy and after a little while the enemy's guns were silenced. The people were glad they could remain iu their homes. "The next morning we discovered the lake in front of the town covered with nan. it appears tne Kuseian sneiis had exploded under water and killed the fish. Soon the soldiers and the bojs of the town manned all available row boats, rafts and" barges, which returned loaded with fish. All the soldiers ate fish dinners that day and in everv house the family enjoyed a fish meal The boys continued "fishing" in the afternoon, in spite of renewed shell firing by the Russians. Make Peace Terms Plain Urges Leader of German Conservative Faction Copenhagen. Denmark, Feb. 13 The demand that the terms of peace, when made, shall be in plain language which the common people of the various countries can understand, is voiced bv Herr von Heydebrand, leader of the Conservative party in Germany, in an address which has just reached Ger mans here Von Hevdebrand is quoted as saying: "It is a matter of wonder to many how it has become possible for Ger many to be so alone in the world. anl there is, a feeling that German diplo matic abtlit could have been more pronounced. When the terms of peace come to be considered, we shall not allow these terms to become involved in a sort of complicated diplomatic art, but they should be put into language which the common peopl can understand and are agreed upon "