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, CaLle, Editorial fe? i Classified Section i-turaay, March Sixth, 1915. Catle, Editorial G? Classified. Section n m w SIBERIA IS WW UDOF PRICE Mrs. Waldorf Astor Takes Up Crusade Against Liquor American Girl May Reign As Queen of a New Nation -i i mm for DIEiGlil JljHIu i3 AMERICANS IRE BETWEEN nRS: i SB .u tzS. FOR RUSSIANS Vast Resources Made Avail able by Great Railroad Recently Completed. HAS AN UNLIMITED STORE OF WEALTE Has Munitions Sufficient to Last but Four Months in the Field. Mining Town in Caucasus! Mountains Attacked by Turks; People Escape. i BULGARIAN ARMY IS CONSTANT MENACE B .UHREST, Rumania, March 6 J u mania is not prepared to en ter the ffreat war. Roumanft has political parties, the Liberal, now .," Jtvcr and headed by prime miaister x ra ' :aii u tne Conservative, lately In cmtr and led by Petre Carp, former 1-iTip minister the ConserratiTe De li iocratic, heaJd b Alexander Margh oman and tne National part;',, which i at present a negligible) factor but " hose rathe broau policies are in the i aii still advocated tn Con stan tine v lie publitned and political director Rumania s most prominent inde l nt newspapers, Uimineatza and f iluse parties on. one, the Con- tnt Democratic is a. owedly pro- uMdn and anti -German. Its leader, i akt Jonescu is accused b his politi- 1 opponent as bing more Bussian -t , , r- . V, "... ,n .aa Vivltli Than 1111 II'- 1dJ LUU IUV1C .U.lQaSDU .... hurchill it c mnot be said, however, that t i JLi eral partv is to anj great de u pro German During the life of .tm, Charles 1 a Hohenzollern prince, t- h is toaid to haie been the case. 1 ut sn ce th death of that monarch -i definite oft'cial expression on the tutude of Rumania towards the bel- - nt nations has come from this 1 it It is claimed, moreover that t t pirtv is none too strong, and that : n i .ilreadv been obliged to look j or tr-t. ronsen ativ es for support. Ingratitude KIHIne Queen. une night, eai ly in the war, students usu d upon me doors of the rloyal JJue In Bucharest a notice with the 1 g ua To let King Charles looked p n this act as an expression of ink. mt-rautude To be thus served with once to quit is said to have broken iv heart, and the affair is now said lo ' e slowlv killing Queen Elizabeth, !i it- known in the I nited States as i arnen fev lva, who spends most of her nn t at the grave of her husband. Mr Marghilo-nan is iron -fisted, how ever and this qualm, it is asserted, as to far assisted prime minister Bra nanu iii curbing a publ c sentiment cverhelming In favor of war against Au-tro Hungary and Germanj Mar Escape The Uir. There seems to be no doubt that if the present Goernment prevails Ru-ma-iia. n'il weather the present storm v about going to war But even -r Vca&hiloman admitted there was no assurance that the government would remain firm In other Quarters the lear was expressed that ultimately an. cutDreaK or eaauviarsm m the streets j itght place the government In the position of either having to go to war or f re upon the mob In that case the government would go to war, it i ts asserted. A hat the weight of King J erchnand s opinion would be in that as js not known. Though he has liecome thoroughly Rumanian, the Bucharest public does not forget that ne is a Hohenzoilem. On the other land, the present queen is an English woman and for that reason the King Ferdinand might be Invited to move, as nas his uncle, the late King Charles. Lacks "Var Materials. There is a strong probability that Rumania has so far kept out ef the wir bv a lack of materials needed for tilth an enterprise. Mr. Marghilotnan informed the Associated Press corres poi dent that the country was not yet prepared for war when the first out breaks of chauvinism occured. From th-r sources it has been learned that e en today Rumania has not enough munition to remain in the field longs'- than four months. here would Rumania, be today if w e had failed to curb the war fever last beptember' asiced Mr. Marghol-i-nan "There would be neither a shell ior catridge left. We have no ammu nition factories in the country, and 1 ussia must buy in a. neutral market hers. If Since then we hare been able to nstal at least a. few of the machines needed in the manufacture of ammuni tion They are not in operation as yet, however In military circles at least tni stand then is appreciated today." Army ot Larue. Rumania's army is a. puny thing in this struggle of millions of soldiers. The total military establishment num bers about 600,006 men of whom 400, 80" are available for service in the firing line would be ready for serv ic e against Hungary after much delay if Bulgaria could be counted upon to stav out of the fray Although Ruma nia has what is probably the strongest nwr navy monitor fleet In the world. that arm alone mold not be counted ipor to keep the Bulgarians in check. A force of at least 100,000 would be needed to prevent Bulgaria from occu r ing the Dobrodja discrict and all Rumania south of the Danube. This -u ould leave about 300.000 men for a campaign against ,the Anstro-Hungar-tans ind Germans, who have already been massed along the Rumanian bord- er Would Be u Benefit. But it is that that Bulgaria's army (Ceatineed on Pas? 3, This Section). Blue Danube Inspires Musicians -::- -:!!:- -:.- -::- -::- River Gives Rise to Scnool of Music --e- -TSHLsOTON. D a, Karen t A Writing of the, Danube river ' and its relation to the present a- 1 1 Kurope and the past history of mat ontinent, the National Geographic tocieti says ' "To the Blue' Danube, across whose broad waters near Belgrade the first echoes oi the world-war awoke. Le longs the credit, probably, of being the onlv river in the world to hae gitn rise to a distinct school of music. The Danube is the father of the Vien nese waltz for, the Austrians tell, the great ualtz composers of the Kaiser stadi have merely translated the moods of this ner into music in which they hjie preserved the rhjthm of its flow Johann Strauss innas waltz king.' composer of ..eral hundred waltzes ard a number of operettas, has made the melodies of tins beautiful stream lr Lcrnational possessions and so, the b.a of the Blue Danube s naes tas tingled in th velna of hipp couph s the earth around. as tne oni n-". - , ip rtan in r , . iia a course from east to - i t . i i it uanube has i,ad unusual po .bbbsbbbbbb3bbbbbbbbb9Lssbs fSBBBSSSBBBBBBBBBBBsleMBWBrg? ''OT'ilYf IF ASSnSSlilSSPSSSSSslsSSSSsi nMsSSHBs9sSSFS " SS 3sk99ssBSSBs6SSBSbH bbbbbsbbbbbWbbF 19HH - 'jrBrKOrPa SjBpHflw 1 ' v&fsBnfwfflAm I fjr'-' 'I &3iaiBssrHBV I mm J-- rjjrm fBBBBBBjS IsBBBBBW 2W1 j&&t. IsH MRS. WALDORF ASTOR. LOXPOK. iag., Manh 6. Mrs. Waldorf Astor has turned temperance re former, bhe no live m Fiymeutn, where she devotes her whole toue to looking after die comfort of invalid soldiers. She has provided several soldiers' homes for troops in the fortress, where the men enjoj recreation and reading rooms. She has also taken a hand in the temperance campaign nnionp the soldiers and sailors, and is a most persuasive speaker. 9k delivered a temperance address at Fort rtennie and 3 men of the Highland light infantry signed the pledge after hearing her. SEPIUMPFJICE NOT THE H. Russian Statesman Thinks England Has Most to Gain by the European War. RUSSIA CAN HOPE FOR BUT LITTLE , LONDON, Eng, March In reply to numerous stories that the fam ous Russian statesman. Count Witte, known to Americans from the time when he was Russian represen tative at the Portsmouth conference. has tried to cause a split between Eng land and Russia, and worked for a separate peace between the latter coun try and Germany, the count has now issued a formal dental which Is shortly u be published in England in the shape of a pamphlet. In this booklet Count Witte states that as national economist and finan cial expert he was firmly convinced Russia's economic progress depended on a peaceful evolution of her com merce and Industry, while new milita- (OonHnoed on 1'are 3, This Seetten), litlcal and commercial significance It has been the chosen path of the east into the wet,t. and the Huns, Avars. Magyars and Turks penetrated Europe up its valley course. On the other hand. Charlemagne's Franks, the more nortnern Germans, and the Crusaders pressed down the Danube to conflict with the east. The Danube has seen countless hu man projects, experiments, started. oinciuoeo and forgotten. I Don hanir. .- j -i . "" '" i Banks races and nations have unrrerf and traded. hae flushed with success . ana laded awaj. while the blood of their soldiers has stained the entire riTer course and the memory of their merchants is now a part of tradition concerning vanished cities and Milages, ror a long time the Danube marked the frontier of the Roman empire and considerable eidence i.f Roman engi neering is still to be found upon its banks, among which remains art. traces of Trajan s all near its source. I ike our on n Mississippi, it has renuurd great soma of money and . - - ... wwramr iu keep me mouins j t ie uanuoe from choking up with silt. IT TEKUtS OPPRESS ON FOR 1U mm Mmo Invasion by Servia Brings the Little Nation Into Prominence. LOOKS ON FUTURE 'WITH GRAVE FEAR WASHINGTON. D. G, March t The invasion of Servia a few days ago by certain Albanian troops brings that misunderstood little country back upon the map of present moment human interest. Albanian tempers have 'been souring for 400 years. The people of Albania have been oppressed by the Ottomans, and, yet. they have been loath to fight these masters lest they fall booty to the ambitions of Italy. Austria, or Servia. The Albanian feels he has no cause to love or trust his neighbors. Hia peculiarities and his problems are pithily explained to Americans by Theron J. Damon In a paper prepared by the National Geograhlc society. "The Albanian," the writer begins. "Is a European, two thousand years and more he has lived where he now lives In the fastness of Eplrus add Illyria. across the Adriatic from Italy's heeL Tlrlp strnccllufr Greets. "Early in the lth century the Al banians mingled with their southern neighbors, the Greeks, and were the backbone of the struggle for Greek Independence During the 125 years previous to the discovery of America, the i -oud republic of Venice held a benevolent supremacy over the Alban ian coast towns, and thus for a century retarded the dav of Turkish dominion. In 1478, the Turks began their over-1 lordship four centuries of chicanery, j broken ralth and crueltj Education Ik Lacklnc following the last successful war of the Balkan lands with the Ottoman, Albania received independent state hood. Yet the Albanians hae been ill trained for the task of making a nauon relocation is tneir greatest ai aMi.,- ,n -w r .. u noints out that the waves ind mimic of progress have failed to reach the Albanian through all his history r a number of years, he continues, all classes of the people Moslem and Christian alike have had a passionate desire for rnational education, but, as long a- he ruled, the Turk fought this desire with all the meins of a despot. "1111 Pnwtiern endelta. Today the vlabuuin is the most picturespue person illt in Europe, the writer a s H still practices the venetti an 1 n w is ii the past, one in five of the male mountaineers falls a sacrifice to the blood feud To strike a 1 uon. een inaderteitu, is a mat j i TURKS FIRE ON THE I AMERICAN MANAGER LONt ger of ONDOV. Eng, March C The dan gers through which a small band Americans and Kngllshmen passed in their escape from a copper mining camp in the Caucasus moun tains at the time of the outbreak of the war between Turkey and Russia is told by A. H. Trotter, of Syracuse, X. "V , chief engineer of the company, who has flnallv reached London. Their adventures formed one of the most ex citing oi tne nrnor episooes oi tne i war l The mining illage where the party was eaugni is caiiea iwuuoui, ana uvs , high np in the mountains, about 40 miles from the Russian port of Batoum, on the Black sea. The defence of these mountain villages was left to only a few companies of Russian police armed with old black powder rifles. The re port that the Turks were advancing In force from the south, and had driven In some of the Russian outposts, reached the rillasre in November, and this was the first news that hostilities had begun The people in the smelter camp were slow to realiie the danger that snrrounled them, and took no steps to escape until the American manager of the company. R. T Whie was shot one Sundav morning while on h s wai from the camp to the mines, some miles higher up In the mountains unrricaB Manager snot. "White was riding up the trail when shots suddenl poured upen him from a ridge across the ravine. Both he and his horse 'were struck, and he fell from the animal, wounded in the legi From noon until evening he lay In the shel ter of the rock, sniped at every time he showed his head. At dusk, a party, of which Trotter was a member, sneaked up the trail to effect his res cue Thev brought him down to camp, and then sent him to Batoum. The following evening some Russian soldiers, with a battery of three inch field guns, moved up. They stationed two of the guns near the smelter and fo'ir others lower down at Kura. Most i of the noncombatants of the village left for Batoum. but a small party of Amer icans and British remained at camp. The situation was not taken seriously, as the Turks were thought to be only a small party of marauders. The n x morning when the Russian guns at the mine opened ,up at the crest held bv the Turks, the Infantry, which had been increased to about 400 men at the mine, were forced into their trenches b the hot return fire Of the Russians, onlv a small band of Cos- Ut,kh".v.rjeodnlTs,l1ieSs,hoSt SeceTTnel mountain police, who were in the ma jority, were armed with ancient guns, firing black powder and lead bullets, 4rrested as Spy. The flsihtlng became so intense that Trotter decided to make his escape. On the way down the mountain he often had to take refuge from the fire. At Kura he met a Russian ammunition train, whose officers arrested him as a German spv and seised a package of banknotes he had with him. Meanwhile, however, the Turks had slipped a-ross the crest of the opposite ridge and had begun a surprise attack On the ammunition train. The horses, which got the worst of It, bolted down the mountain, wreckir, as they ran. many of the carts of supplies and am munition. Trotter tried to jump on one of the wagons to escape, but was prodded off with bayonets, and sought cover When a motor car filled with wounded came by he tried hia luck attain, but was un able to explain himself, for lack of Russian, and was again bayoneted off the car The Russian commandant, coming up later in an automobile, gave him safe conduct to Borchka. where the ammu nition train was overtaken and Trot ters money recovered. With a tem porary pass from the officer, he made bis wav by rowboat to Batoum. Make stand In Hospital. The rest of the English speaking part) at camp, caught In the righting too late to escape, had remained In the small hospital at the mine, flying the Red Cross flair. The artillerymen serving the guns at the camp were cut off to two men, and the infantry to ward night became helpless. The Turks were advancing in the dark, lighting their way with burning sheds. Two of the party, an American and a Scotsman, started out to cross the mountains to the Russian town of Artvln. while the others, under cover of darkness, took a chance on reaching Borchka and got through safely. The American. Morris Caldwell, and the Scot, got lost in the mountains and were for three days without food, be fore thev finally arrived at a river which they had to swim. In midstream they were greeted by a rifle fire. The Scot was killed and his bodv drifted 'down stream, but Caldwell escaped to a Turkish village. He was so wora out that he even dropped off to sleep while seeing a Turk in the same room whet a butcher knife and talk about a "Holy war" Set Free by Turk. By good fortune, an old Turk former ly employed at the mine, recognized Caldwell as an American and set him free. He returned to the mine, beard ed up the camp, and then worked his way to Trebisonde. Here he was ar rested as a spy and served 18 days in a Trukish prison. He obtained release onli bv the mere chance of sinnaliner a passing American, who happened to be the Vnited States consul. From Tre bizonde he took a Greek steamship for Constantinople, which made the trip in daya instead of the usual three. ter for blood retenge. If the offender himself is not killed, one of his rela te es must be the victim, and thusi the endless chain is begun The vendetta mi be finally bought or "called off" Mr Damon says, according to provis ions of an Intricate, unwritten Alban ian code Dreads The Future. A strong national consciousness has awakened among these people as among all the Balkan people, and the Mbanian dreads the future, Mr Damon concludes because he fears that his neighbors may succeed in dividing his lands as the vultures apportion among themselves the b:d oO the thirst weakened desert lctim Austria mav come from the north or ltal from aero the watt - or a 1 tiropean con ference might decide to bestow the Xlbanians among their neighbors. Mon t iigro Ser ia and Greece h HbVtNS. FtsWia.sMBassssssssssssssassB JasslslslslslslsW PRINCESS ALBERT RADZIWILL. R" OME. ItaK Man ii t, 1 1 i r luitoiiu aili put archduke Stephen, related by marriage to the old I'oluoi lanuliee ot RadziwiU and Csartaryski, on a. new throne at t raem a- monanh of the Pole, twn brilliant furores in the seeiety ofRame. will, certainly adorn tip Polish eaart. These are the prince and prince Albert Kadziwill. and the princess is an American nrl. Prince Albert, a relative ot archduke Stephen, made i marrlaee of love which. j brought hnn into prominence Despite the eltorts if bis mother to have the I wtddincr nrnhibiteil hv Uw mm. sLmd leanit mu mlipiuimiiui fA u mj.. 7" 'e church he f.naDv They have been very happy together and bate not suffered in social estimation. s m us JOBS British Union Men Say It Would Create New Crisis When the War Ends. WORKLNGMEN ARE NOT HOLDING BACK LONDON, Bng. March 6. The pro posal to the trade unions made by H, J. Tennant, M. P., under-secre-tary of war. that the men help recruit ing by allowing women to take their places. Is not received with cordiality by the labor leaders. To give women temporary Jobs, they ! reply, would result In serious industrial trouble when the men were discharged from the army Already the encroach ment of women upon the work of men has caused the trade unionists consider able uneasiness. Say Would Cause Crisis. If women were given the Jobs, an other crisis, says the unions, would arise, at the end of the war because ot their natural objection to being turned out, or, what is worse, the men having wives in the factories would let them remain as the supporters of the household. YVorklofrmen Bnlhit Readily. Workingmen have not hung back In the present war, and while no exact figures are available for all the trades, the-percentage of enlistments is known te be high. The dock laborers have a quarter of their numbers in the army, and out ot 40.000 steam engineers, 4,000 are now j King George Maintains His Racing Stud For Sport When War Ends London. Eng., March In spite ef the manifold new duties which the uar has imposed upon him, king George finds time to look after many details connected with things in which he is personall) interested. He has thus never lost sight of his racing stud which is being maintained in splendid, form. Although the king is not attending any races or running any horses, during the war That be intends to do so more than ever when the War is over is evident from the fact that he recently rented lord Ellesmere s stud farm, the "Eger ton. which is much nearer Newmarket than tolferton stud farm near sml- ringham where the king hitherto kept j ti his horses n n kmo Queen Mar Is as stronglv i. 1 I it t beitinnnifc of th, siege and this to racing as ever but has evidtntlv j suppi nas been carefully husbanded gtven up fnrther attempt to make the mil doled out under the strictest reg king abandon tins form of si orL j ulations by the mllltarj authorities took Dorothy Deason, an American prL as KMUTO ! LEAVE PARIS FOR nfiii i ii rri i nfir Ullll I U LUHIJI L : JUU I II i imnuL Was For Thirty Years the Leader of Society in the French Capital. PARIS BECOMING GAT, AS OF OLD P' ARIS, France. March S. When Paris society returns here after the war and takes np once more its customery life of gayety and lavish entertainments, one prominent leader will be missed, for no longer will Mrs. John V. Mackay honor Faris with her presence. Having already disposed of her Lon. don residence before the war. this great American hostness, daughter of a French woman and holding for more than SO years a unique position in Faubourg; St. Germain and on the Rlviee. ha now definltelv decided to retire to some quiet spot in Southern I nrance. ! Nrlv TK nw. She is nearly 75 years of age and Wild Ducks Prevent -:!!.:- -HI:- - - I,: Killed By Thousands Vs MCE. Itab. March S According to the Hungarian newspapers received here the situation in Przemal. which has been under siege of a Russian army for four months is not et alarming Aviators, who wait the garrison almost dally, report that there ahold be no really serious shortage of provisions for another three mortha. The victual ing problem has been considerably as sisted by the flight over the town re- centl) of ast flocks of wild ducks which were shot b the thousands The population of Przemsl now numbers about h0 000 including both soldiers and civilians and a 600 Rus sian prisoners The garrison is ail Hungarian. The Russian besiegers under Gen. Dimltrleff hold every entrance and ap proach to the town, but they are still held outside .the outer line of the city's fortifications, which have a radius of twelve miles, and include a consider- ib'e area of farm and garden land and 4 1 c small agricultural Tillages. Ihi i l was well sto ked with food WASHINGTON. D. C March e Siberia, the "Silver 1 i-t whteh IL behind Wesieri I Russia and from which the Czar ca i i draw men and resources without meas ure for the prosecution of his vtars. bears to Russia, though on a much more magnificent scale, the same re lation as that borne to the thirteen original states by our own Golden T est Russia's future lies over the plains to the agricultural, forest and mineral wealth of Siberia the strength which Russia has before all other nations she will become conscious of through the dtrvelopment of her wonderful east and so. in a study made for the National Geographic socletj Maj. Gen A T Greely. V. S A. designates the Musco vice's east as the "Land of Promise " MlUir Siberia Accessible. Gen Greelj speaks of Russia s first great step toward making the resources of Siberia accessible, that of building i railroad without parallel anvwhere i raila exten ling from east to west for a distance of more than S400 miles r nearly cne third of the way around the world This wonderful rail line is cons'ructed he tells, at a cost o' 51 1000 00" which makes It the most rienivf public utilitj ever attempted witn the exception of the Panama In teroceanic canal. Nor are size aru cost the ouly unique elements of this remarkable railwa. according to the writer for it was builded with record setting rapidity The strictly Siberian sections of 3300 miles were built m seen years. 181-1 80s the rate of con struction approaching two miles for each working da Redaeen Distances. 'It is the recognition of condition- " the writer continues, "to say that the construction of this great, trans-continental railwa is one of the raop remarkable feats of man s energ) per sistency and industr) recorded in the annals of human histor " He adds that the railwa has brought Pek i within 14 das Journe of London fo fares, including sleeping cars, of f"o"i $1S for second class and S-i-iO fo-first-elass passengers The time i o sumed in the journe between ladn tok and Moscow 34- rMles i-, i days and 21 hours. Vctordmg t thttics given bv Gen. Greely, the r has already begun to do a neat .. aesa. having carried, in 110. 1.8 passengers an average Journey or miles, beside; .handling sonic 7 5 -tons ot freight. Much Uke Our Central West. Limitless forests, great water and rich plains lie alon? the li t c ' rail The great Siberian plants o steDnes. the writer finds flrreatl-v r t semble the prairies of Illinois. Tor a Kansas and Aenrasaa, ane. tney extend 1000 miles from north to south, and as far from east to west. Their soil i, fertile " he sajs. "stock of. all kind thrive, transportation facilities are good, coal is abundant, modern agri cultural methods largelv obtain, mar kets are accessible., and the population is rapidly Increasing." This "land of promise" Gen Greelv writes. Is receiving an ever increasing stream of hardy, courageous and re sourceful pioneers. In liO. 785.71 im migrants entered Siberia, and only 121 -!04 returned to European Russia. The young men of Russia with futures to carce out are going east, just as the jonne men in this country formerly went west. nobody can say of her that she has not done more than her duty to society For vears she was known as the best dressed woman in Paris and her gown often drove her rnals into despan She was admired for her beauty anil her wit. as well as her i-nswervm lovalty to old friends een when thev constituted a momentary hindrance to her social progress. Th're is no or in Paris who will be able to fill he place. Paris Beeomlnc: Brighter. Paris la beceoming brighter and mor cheerful every day The list of theate--reopening is lengthening in the most promising manner Hotels are filling up only with officers on leave from th front and their relatives, but also with the moat welcome of all visitors. I mean Americans, who have found It worth while to travl thousands of miles to see what Paris looks like i war time and who most politely assure us that we have behaved splendidly Like the Bus "Women. They seemed to he particular!-. charmed with our woman bus condm tors and gatewomen on the ' metro who. they declare, handle the crod of passengers far more intellipentW and efficiently than the men eier did They also have a good word for th waitresses, who are now emploed many restaurants, though stranger enough in none of the very very hia 1 struggle along with a most unprofes- i class. wnose DroDrieiurs Dreicr t sional lot of inefficient waiters. a Przemysl Famine - -:tl-- H." As Tney Fly Over Food allotted for the civil population is turned over at stated intervals the military governor who fixes ti retail price of each commodity P' curiously, enough, are lower than the were before the war. but monev h s really little value in a comma n' where the amounts of each article pu erasable are limited by law Those hi hove no monev receive free meals j approximately the same quantity a id qualitv allowed to those who pav ior their food. The Russians outside the citv also hrve several aeroplanes which make frequent reconnaissance flights ovei the citv and the surrounding neighbor hood Occasionally thev attempt boi lb attacks, but none of trese have result ed In an) serious damatre Their hope of course, is that a strav shot may find the Hungarian arsenal ind ammuni tion stores. It is said that the Hungarians with in the citv (ret aion? verv well with their Russian prisoners, mmy of whom have given their pa-ole and Are allowed to move freelv within a limited area Some of he b tte- edi. attid Russia i officers h o v ilunta-ih offered thei serv ices to officers and men of th garrison for instruction In the Fussia i language.