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HOME EDITION TODAY'S PRICES M'k.icd.n bnn note- I;. Mexi jn r- . 2j Chihuahua rurrency 71? ' rrnx& current 7 Bar lver (Han- A Harmjn quotation) 50h Copper t lznl- : Grains, lower Uvestock. .tad Stocks, higher. rTj weattxkk rn recast: U I'm and f"l Tela, fair New Mexico. seeerall fair. Arizona, sener ally fair. nfr. EL PASO. TEXAS. THURSDAY EVENING. APRIL 8, 1915. delivered anywhere . cents a mouth. 16 PAGES TWO SECTIONS TODAY. LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. SINGLE COPT rTCB CENTS. HOLLAND, ANGRY, MAY JOIN THE ALLIES Hot f Irapuato PASO Fighting South k t I i I I S Wk Km a .Baa M I All Positively Known Is Thai Two Tremendous Armies Are Engaged. VILLA IN A TRAP, OBREGON ASSERTS Obregon Relrealing As Fast As Villa Army Advances, the Villislas Claim. GE-V FELIPE ANGELES, at the head of a strong Villa column of troops moving south against the Carrancistas, has arrived almost at Ce iava and the forces under Gen. Alvaro Obregon are preparing; to evacuate that position, according; to Villa advices re vived here Previous advices received " Villa agents stated that the advance south from Irapuato began Tuesdav and that the Carrancistas were retir ing Carransa advices on the battle, which both sides declare will be the deciding cu, vi me cemrai Mexican campaign, state that Obregon has for days been ;rking on a plan to surround the Mlla forces and that this is now well under way. According to this plan Jen Benjamin Hill's forces have al ready appeared at Penjamo, west of .irapuato, on the Guadalajara line, thai J uttmg off Villas v western forcesFxtl '" same time a lorce has advanced i o the railroad line from Celaya in the -ection of San Luis Potosl. with the tention of striking west to cut Villa's mmumcations with Aguascallentes 3' is pointed out bv Carrancistas that obregon has had weeks in which to pei feet his plan and that it was well under way before he attacked and raptured Queretaro that Villa has, in hi" rage, slipped into the trap VIrla'a Army III Moving. Recent arrivals from Zacatecas re port that troop trains have been mov ing south for davs and that the greater jiart of Villa's entire division is now mobilized around Irapuato Carransa idMces state that Gen Francisco Coss ras sent a larse number nf Toinfnrn- i-nts to Obregon from Puebla, routing i mrin ui.uugu r-acnuca ana thence to tjueretaro The claim is also made that, with the Pachuca line. OSregon is in direct Tail communication with Veracruz and is thus enabled to secure without de la supplies from the coast Reports of both sides indicate that all other impaigns in the republic have been iinuaii aoanaoned and that troops - " - , - "v la nunc lucre :re i it- j nd I i rts minerio oeen considerable fight .iK rtitr string rapiaiv witmirawn an o-m. iv me irapuato district Fighting In Sonora. He.vvv fighting east or cananca ir which the column of Gen P n, f alles defeated 1500 illistas. is rrport ed in Carransa advices from gui Pi i eta. The Villistas. according to the report were under -command of G' i .lose Maria Acosta and had tiken u,i positions Just east of ravai .hi rot far from Cananea. In the battle whin o-eurred Wednesdav afternoon the "Villistas were routed Iomii? more than Son dead and wo'inoed accrrding to the Carransa report hnh plu . the losses of Calles at between - i and "0 killed The report also states th t J.0 guns, JO.000 rounds of ammunition and a large provision train was cap tured. New Hevolt Reported. A new Cientifico revolution is l"i' - organised and is already well u-'. r ' vav, according to private reports F'- 1 nancial backing for the new revolt is i being secured bv Ramon Iturbide a - ' ording to the reports Iturbide recent- i iv iiKureo in a sensational escape front Mexico, his previous detention in Mex ico on having been the cause of i number of representations b the Washington governmen- v number of fort igners who were prominent in the Madero revolution are backing the new revolt, according to the advices re ceived here Fnglish mining men have joined the protest of American mining men . gainst the nev. mining law. which it is claimed, means virtual confia.-ati.vr huge mining interests in Mexico. ' ( Myies. liritish vice ivm.ui i,, 1 as received a communication from the British embassy at Washington sent bv MaJ Graham. British consul at Gua dalajara which states that many of the prominent English mining men of that district have drawn up a protest against the enforcement of the law. CLAIM CHAO-URBINA FORCES ARE COMPLETELY ROUTED Washington, I C. April t. Gens. '""' cram ana jtanuel Chao, com mandinir the Villi 7. ZT i I L. ". .rmT b'ore Tarn- ' Pico have been completely routed, with heav losses. antT the disorganized K-mnants have fled to the monntains. ..reordlng to a dispatch received by the Carranza agenc. The dispatch said. The military movement of the Con stitutionalist forces under the command of Ge-ns Jacinto Trevino and Caballero Iirectfd against the Villa troops com manded b Crbina and Chao has re sulted in the ICrlDDlftp defeat of the t i." .?. L?. '"T'!'s ."'..battles near . .c, . t vmi forces re- ' (Contimiea on lAwe 1 CL ?). 1 "Decisive" 800 RAILROADS INVOLVED Tie War At a Glance Rl USSIAN troops are pushing forward rapidly in the Car pathians and it is reported from Petrograd that tno roao. to the plains of Hungar) now lies open before them FItrre Klchting In tet Both the French and Germ, n official statements show that the new battle in the region between the Meuse and the Moselle has de veloped into a struggle of particu lar severity. Turks. Mill Xear hues It is officially announced at Cairo that a small Turkish force still is in the vicinity of the Sues canal. A skirmish occurred near the canal yesterday, with no casualties on either sioe. Italy la Delajlnc Although she has concentrated her army along the Austrian bor der and her navy within striking distance of the Adriatic Italy Is endeavoring to exhaust every means which may lead to a peace ful settlement with Austria of the question or territorial concessions. Austria Seeking Feacef The Austrian correspondent of a Turin newspaper telegraphs he has reliable information that there is a basis for reports that Austria is seeking peace with the triple entente powers, the better to deal with Italy, semi-onictai negotia tions, he says, have been begun. War Ixmn, 33,Ot. Slen -The losses of men during the first six months of the war are es timated bv the military expert of a Rome newspaper at S.Me.Mt The cost of the war In that period Is placed at $S.4.,oM.00 Prepare 2ew ittncW Gen. Pan of the French army. tv ho has reached Naples on his way from Petrograd and the Bal kan capitals, corroborated the re ports that the allies are preparing for a combined land and sea at tack at the Dardanelles. When this attack is made, the general sas. the Turkish fortifications must fall Bomhn KHI 'MonteneKTlna Austrian aviators dropped seven ""subs Wednesday on Podgontza. Xontonegro. A Cettinje dispatch says that IX women and children were killed and 48 other persons wounded. BOY WITH $500,000 EAR IS BACK HOME New York. April 8 Mrs, Charles H. SHngsby and hr 4 year old son. Eugene. known as "Teddj , arrived here on the American liner New York from London. Lieut Charles Raymond SHngsby, the .UElrTCtfc&'3 5LING5E-Y AMD TDDYy bo s father, is s. r ing with the British ; aim iii iti.cic-i s Teddv was thf central figure in the British lawsuit involving $500,000 when fhe court found that his left ear bore such a marked similarity to that of his mother that it threw out evidence sub mitted to hoa that he had been sub stituted for Mrs Sllngsby's child, which, it was alleged, died soon after birth. The-u it to decide the f 500,000 heritage resulted in favor of the child. tFI"IRS OP CLOSED mK L.V1D IIHFOltE DBPIITET """"'" '" " T -"""' " ' the currency Williams today announced , that the irregularities discovered In the ! nnBrt of the s-irat National hanv of Washington, April g Controler of . - " .V , . . , V T . m I conduct of the First National bank, of Uniontown. Pa. which closed its doors several weeks ago. have been placed before the department of justice. CHL. IIl'SCII. SON OK L.VTB IIIIHUKR. IS IJB.VU Pssadena. Cal , April 8. Carl Busch, son of the late Adolphus Busch. loil- lonaire brewer of St. Louis, died at ,he residence of his mother here today. He was 3 vears of age and had been in ill health for several months. Battles In J- JaV!v. BasasasaUBBSaaawJssasasasasasaSK BSasasasasasasaUaBamx g JbL-bbssT SBBBBBBs9r99aP S ill. S. FILES BRIEF I IN milii. ! IIL CASE Payment of $35,000,000 to Railroads To Be Fought In Court. j RAILROADS ARE I EAGER FOR MONEY i Government Contends Post- master General Can Use ', Judgment in Payment. w ASHIN'GTON. D. C, April X , The government's brief was filed today in Ihe supreme Minrt h- assistant attoraeY sreneral Illusion Thompson in the so called rail way mail pay cases, which involve $35.M,640 sd affect 800 railroads. The case involves the right of the : postmaster general to change the r method In adjusting railway mail paj. . Previous to 1MT. mail was paid for an- ', nually on the basis of an estimate i made by actual weighing for 10S davsl and dividing the totals bv SO This wa k-nnwn as the six dav divisor, I After July 1. 17, the whole number! jlriD.e Virtu lime inspecting th. ambulance- etnt to France by her allv, Kusia. -neral batteries .i automobile am rf days was used, as a divisor and this ,lllIa,... ,. ... --i , ,i Vr.i. v v ,, i,t- becaass Knawa as tne soven aav divisor. The elfert was to reduce the roads'libou1 pesasoon 01 tne. rau- seventh. Governnacnt,a Ilefenre. 1 In the brtef HJed toda the govern- : raent maintains inai. me njau-icuvui placed upon the postmaster general bv statute were that he must keep with in a maximum compensation and must weigh the mails for a period of not less than M days Otherwise he was at liberty to exercise his discretion. It argues also that the railroads, having carried mail under the order of the postmaster general, substituting the later method of weighing, can not now recover damages. The circuit court decided In favor of the government, but the roads ap pealed. MARSHALL WONDERS WHAT INSURANCE MAN WILL SAY Phoenix. nx, April "I won der how I'll square it with the in surance company," remarked vice president Thomss R. Marshall, when informed that his residence in In dianapolis had been burglarised. "It was only a few days ago that I Instructed my secretary to take out seme burglary insurance on our home," the vice president continued. "Now the company is likely to ask me why I waited a matter of a week or so before having the place entered." The vice president was unable to I give a list of valuables left in his In dianapolis residence, but said that it contained a quantity of silverware which he modestly termed "orna ments " $30,000 LOST BY BEE MEN WHEN APPLE TREES SPRAYED rtesia. N. M, April 8. Spraying trees b) orchard men has cost the bee men of the Rosweli district more than J.I". OiHi. This Is the result a' the poisoning of the bees by the spray used during the past three seasons by the apple1 growers to kill insects in the orchards The bee men claim the spralng could be done without loss to them If the proper spray -was used. They es timate that the bee business could bring J5o.9 worth of money Into the valley each year If the apple grow er., would cooperate with the bee men in using a spray that would kill the insects which ruin .he crops without injuring the bees 1 KI.AKH.EK TO SLX'CBBD WIMvLCU. As l.IHR UII IN Austin. Texas. April 8. Prof. C Klaernei, of Breuham. is to be elected slate librarian in place of E. W. Winkler, according to present plana. The state library and historical com mission was to have met this morning to elect a state librarian, but on ac count of th inahllitv nr tm'n ., bcrs of the commission to be here at ! irai nut, ine meeting was postponed. Prof. Klaerner Is former countv school superintendent of Waahlnartnn miiiiv and a well known school teacher. He I ia iavoraoie to governor Ferguson. SCIIM1T7. AND CAPLAA PL.U.VD XOT OLII.TV Los Angeles, Callf April 8. Matthew A. Schmitx and Darld Caalan. alleged accomplices of the McNamara dyna mite conspirators, pleaded not guilty today to the indictments charging them with the murder of Charles Hagert. one of a score of men killed when the one oi a score of men killed when the lq. Angeles Times bnlldinsra wa blown w on the mornng of Ortrl 1010 ""mX." ,' L? C rfjf.h ".". ! v" v"e luwimiiB vI vvjcvrirtrr .. lain The peas were entered af.er JudKe Frank Willis, presiding In the criminal department of the superior court, had denied motion to quash the indictments. UKItBY DBPBtTS 111, KH IN TIOMS SKMI Fl.WI.S Boston, Mass.. April 9 G 8. Derby of this city defeated J A L. Blake, also of Boston, in the first of the semifinal matches for the National court tennis championship here today. The score was l-S, (-0, S-3. s-4. Mexico Generally Only Start RUSSIA SENDS FRANCE AID i atOaisxasiviQiitv ssfeu ssiJjrjl9' -A-..t a. a ' ' . --... , -j - -r 'JtstiSf2z!l. JwmSi ; I i Tin 11 ittH.rai'ii -Jjovv - M MilUiaml. the T'renih war nuiiste. am) the t i-- - - - --...- D JURY III im HISSED Sensation Follows in Alamo gordo When First Re port Is Made Mamogordo, X. X- April S J I Porter and O. M. Tallej. charged with killing Ralph S. Connell. near Tula rosa. last April, were not indicted by the grand jury which has been in ses sion since Monday morning. The jury made Its first report at 10 SO oclock today, returning eight in dictments and nine "no true" bills. Porter and Talley were among the list of "no true" bills. Grand Jury la plscburged. Judge Leahy immediatel) discharged all of the grand jurors except fore man W. M. Fulton, but gave no inti mation of the cause for the discharge of the Jur ew Venire Drawn. A special venire, returnable Imme diately, was drawn and court recessed until : 30 this afternoon. It is the first time in the history of this coun ty thst a grand jury was discnarged before the completion of Its work and the public is showing much interest. The court's instructions to the new grand jury are eagerly awaited. SAYS DRIPPING BRINE rnCTC DIllDnjnt? tirAtmv! v.vjiu ivruLtivirfus.; uwviibi i Chicago. IIL, April 8. Heat trains receive special attention and are ex pedited in the same manner as live stock, according to G. B. Vilas, general superintendent of the Chicago and Northwestern, who testified today in the rate case hearing before W. M. Daniels, interstate commerce commis sioner Questioned concerning the items which increase the cost of operating meat refrigerator cars, by W K. Lamb representing the t udahy company. Vilas said that brine dripping from refrigerator cars causes a damage of about 150.000 yearly to tracks and M,iilmMit nil thA ynrlhw.Bt.ra "Rails, interlocking switches and f equipment are oajnajpea ny tne orine dripping." satd the witness. "I do I It VI aVIIVVI VS. OIIVIIIV7I V.HUIS IF. gj CISjlll - that itauaas es.mil-.- j-ta.wns.awA uav ,, WfT-o oiiiiimi u,inaa,c WHY DID HARVESTER COMPANY GO TO MORGAN? COURT ASKS Washington, D. C, Vprtl . In oral arguments In the governments disso lution suit against the International Harvester compan in the supreme court todav. John P Wilson of the -u n t..r (trnnniv rnmwl 4?nn L 7 . j . i eluded his opening statement and at- tnrnat Mncral I -t-srrt-v mail thA open i ng statement on behalf of the government. Chief justice White asked Wilson wh the Harvester company did not grow up and expand along customary liret instead of having its organizers go to J P Morgan fc Co to "procure iecLt for a combination of manu facturers to form a new corporation. Wilson replied that the question would be dealt with later bj another attorney for the compan) I.1UIOR INTKREVl I siTV FB BKCOJIK AIsR-HED Sant.a Fe, X M April 8. Liquor in becaus3 of the agitation following the because of the gt tat ion following the "Flying l-K,uadron- visit to Santa Fe The liquor interests are apparently freigMened by the oioiiibition more ment and are promising the officials ts see that the law is enforced strictly Axxiwicrs. f-aaoi: Czas- . -j -- - - v- ODDITIES Digs Own Grave; Misfit Baby Hurled 50 Feet sXe Propose In Ink Sow FIB PERSOS AVE RE rAIAFULIsY hart 11 hen their automobile over turned at AnrihInon. . J., hut Mrj. (ny cett'M Infant mod. nine monthji fId ecapel Injury, although he ira thrown 50 feet Into a field. TIIK WIL.L OP HI IRLES IIIIOWEK. nlnetf-onr, or White Plaints, N. 1.. M (palate that no. more than Je he expended for bin funeral, fdreM ;pWO to hi housekeeper, Mary Han net t, and the residue to eight COUnl DA II WING V PRKMOMTION OP death. Dvrtght K. Ileirltt, an eeeen trie farmer, dug hit own crnie In outh orirnlk. Conn., a month ago It na eight Inebex short when he had oecnftlnn to use It, and hi burial wo- delayed two houra while It vtu enlarged. j DKCVf-B THE PTBIlSOV . J.) -"'' tudllora have not paaarC the ponndmaafera exnenae arconnt. 1ZS tloga are held M the pound, rouatng ine neignnornoetl with Tbelr howls at night. Much Indignation. A MLTl L, IMtOMlSH TO MAURY will he Illegal nnleaa It la In writing It a bill jnat Introduced at Albany, Y.. becomes a law. SlItnOlM)Kl nl PLUXITRS, David 3Iako. eleven, of "ew 1orl. pounded dynamite rnp with a ham mer, llavhl and three of hla pal are suffering frem numerous lacera tlona. WILLARD WONT FIGHT SOON; WANTS TOUR FIRST Key West, Fla . April 8. When Jess Willard, new heavyweight champion of the world, arrived here Wednesday, his manager, Tom Jones, anaonnced Wil lard would not accept the Frank Moran fight offer for a $20,000 parse. Wil lard, he said, has eaaned a rest and will then tour the country, getting the money to which he Is entitled. After that, said Jones, he will fight nv wniie man w r,Knt to challenge . . 5" wniie man who bss earned the :e He said Willard would never again fight a aea-ro. This will serve to keep him out 'of the way of the dangerous Sam Langford and tne almost equall) dangerous Sam McVey. Willard was given a great ovation when he arrived. J'CK JOHNSON RRTEUKS MBRICN PVSSPORTS Haaua Cuba. April 8 Jack Johnson former hea weight champion today receUed from the American' legation "passports for himself and wife. To get the passports, he had to swear he had neer been conicted of a felony, that no charge was pending against him, and that he would not be subject to ar rest if he returned to the cnited States. Johnso'i in his affidavit, also stated he expected to return to the I'nlted States within 90 das. His friends here believe tie has no definite plans for the future IN SUIT adfcj Russian military attache at Pans Kith the SHUCS II J) LIT Railroad Shops Discharge Men Falling Below Max imum, Says Witness. Chicago. IIL. April 8. 1. G Wharton, president of the railway employes de partment of the American Federation of Labor, resumed his testimony before the tnited States commission on in- dustrial relations here today Answering testimony of president Markham. of the Illinois Central rall wav. given Wednesday, the witness said the organisation of all crafts on a rail way system was found necessary be cause isolated unions were unable to make progress the railroad, he said, plaving off one craft against another. Dlaenaacs Detective Agencies. He next discussed the socalled "de tective agencies" which, he said, pro ride armed guards and strike breakers to bis Industrial companies, and spies among the union men and In every way possible attempt to defeat the objects of 1 unionism. Touching efficiency systems based on the payment of bonuses, the witness cited the shop methods on the Chicago Sz Eastern Illinois. Pacemakers Set Standard. "This system." said Wharton, "makes no provision for collective bargaining and the basic rate is mad" so low that a living wage depends upon the ability of the craftsmen to earn bonusea Thus those who fall below the standard of the pacemakers are not wanted by the companies. "Management," said the witness, "which does not tend to Increase the ef ficiency of the workman, lengthen his period of usefulness and Improve his social position, is not scientific." Working Men to Maximum. Wharton said that In one big shop with an efficiency system it a lathe, expected to require repairs In two years is Intact at the end of that period, the mechanic is accused of not having used it to Its full efficiency "Men and machinery alike are used to capacity and both are thrown on the scrap heap when their productlvlty falls below a set maximum." said Wharton "When the great philoso- 1 - av, Via !&' pofr, nfrot-ri. opentrr, iub,uc uu mw i Ila e-o. WA Inlail Clalaa and nnaarVAr) ' visit. 10 ine i mini fuiiw i vvoTMru . the intensity of lbor among the work- men. he snid that the time to teach the gospel of relaxation had arrived." j CANUTILLO YOUTH INJURED; ! HORSE FALLS WITH HIM I Canutillo. Tex.. Ad HI 8. Tony Wal- i lace, the young son of J. H. Wallace. ( ' 1...11. i.i,Ma .h.. k- hAr . h Twis ridlni to school fell with him Toav fell on his head, causing slight I Tsonensaion of the brain. Sixty -two Applicants Answer Herald Want Ad SlXTI-two applicants respoadej to a Herald want sd whicn - run bv the Southland Life lasoraace cosapsjiv. 5 The advertisement was for aa office girl the coinpauv i-eceive.i 62 applications for the posKioa, fiHed the place and ordered t"i aavertie ment ntnpped to pr'.cnt the offices in the Mills building boiiv -toimed bv the an-licvnt' a Nev Kind of Rio iiUL nn Declaration Of Hostilities Between Holland and Germany Rumored. ALL TURKS ARE CALLED TO WAR Ottoman Empire Engaged in Life Or Death Struggle, Is Realized. LONI ONDON Eng., pril S Rumors ere current in London today of a declaration of hostilities between German) and Holland They were, however without confirmation and dis patches from The Hague received late this afternoon ignored any such de velopment. The minister of Th Netherlands in Lonuon. when questioned, said he haa beard rumors to this same atect- He had no information vn the subjei i himself but discredited lae report It is known, notver. that Holland has frequentl) protected to Germar against violations of her neutrality n flight of German wu-p.anes over Hoi tans- the 4r owing ot hex himnihii lini bv Garraao parroU. and. th jqeiznxe of some of her snips and the sinking o' r ethers. Holland s arm has been mobilised since the early dstys of the war The frontiers of German) and Belgium ar iloser) guarded In case of necessity it. T-druoees of more defence. Holland could open her d kes and flood the land sufficiently to present an fo from reaching her sfitegic positions saltan Smnmaui 111 Turkx. An irad. promulgate t today b te sultan of Turkey, authorizes the mm s ter of war to call out all men capable ui bearing arms out who heretofore e- noc liable for service r.clusive of tht ages of 19 and 20, for tne defence o the Turkish coast and frontiers an 1 the maintenance of order The ministr also is given power to enrol for mih tar Mervicf ail immigrants for tht duration of mobilization This h formation was contained dispau received today b Reuters Teleera 1 company from Constantinople. Turke The bul tan, in an interview given out recentl . was well pleased with t'i defence his troops aided by the Ger mans, had made against the attacks o' the allied warships He alo expressed pleasure in being informed that Gen Ton der Golta. German nutitarv a. riser is returning from Berlin wit' iron rosses presented br enrnero William to the sultan and his chie' general- Turkey realizes. anparentlv thit this is a ar of life or death for t t Ottoman empire in Furope that Ru sia is beit upon possess en of Con stantmople and the Dardanelles, an that the allies of Russia are willing to gne Russia that temporary advan tae in the hope of finding an outleT fo'r the Russian a heat nc held in th. Black -ea port? mtrftan rmy Twice Pierred- The advance nf the Ru-sians in t . arpathiars has cut the Airstr au armi under Gen Boerovitch in tn nlaces iccording to a Russian otticil annoum ement The eastena wing of this amv H m a precarious positioi "The Russians have captured Smo1 nik, east of Lupko v Pass" says the statement. The Russians aNo ave thrown hack tie Austrian m the district of Bartfeld and in the di'ritt of Lur ko Hiving advanced throusrh th Rostock pass, the he ruiced a wedgre between the Austrian armies "Smolnik controls th onlv road through the Beskid mountains betwe'i Mezolahorcz aid Vzok a distance tf SO miles Kreneh Claim Propreja-t. The French war office at Paris this afternoon gave out a report on tht. progress of the fgihting which sas "In Belgium ti e da Wednesday was marked by artiller engasements in the aJle of the isne and the .,.., .. . , . ,", district to the east of Kei-n. our effort spite of the ahrormalH bal iveather continued with srreat actlnr and we hae maintainel our gains be tween the Meuse and the Moselle i their entiretx. -ahil at tne same ti" we are proceeding to rtake further progress. Rala SpMln SheUs. The r-lns of the last few aas na ! through the clav so!l of Soeir to a great depth rendering dirocutt me (Cuilaaaid en Page ?. Col. 4).