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V i n hank notes. 12 Mexican V - - 3 Chihuahua currency. 7 Car--md currents 7 Bar silver fHandy A M imnn quotation ) M Copper 17.06 1? 1- i2u. Grain higher Livestock, steady S'o Jcs. strong home edition IWE-VrHEK FORECAST. FJ raw, nBttlI; ew Mexico, xen erally flr. warmer: Arizona, generally fair, colder; Wert Texas, unsettled, rain. 32 PAGES. 4 SECTIONS. TODAY. CL PASO. TEXAS. SATURDAY EVENING. APRIL 17. 1913. delivered anywhere s cbmts a month. LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. SINGLE COtT FIVE CJ2NTS. MAYOR LEA ANNOUNCES NO APPOINTEE B,WS L PASO HERALD Villa Out of Ammunition, Withdr FIGHTS TIL Hurry Shipments By Express From New York Are Awaited. -. VILLA TELLS WHY ARMY RETREATED Says Obregon Learned of Predicament; Attached With Force. LACK of ammunition is proving to be the greatest handicap to the operations of Gen. Villa at Celaya. This already has caused Till, to with draw his troops from the attack and has given the Carrancistas an advan tage which is claimed by them to be a decided victory. To meet the emer gency, ammunition for the army of Gen. ilia is being rushed by express from New Tork to El Paso, it is claimed, and a special train is waiting in Juarez To carry the ammunition south as soon as it can be sent across the river. Almost hourly Saturdav Innniries w ere being made at express and freight I offices regarding expected shipments, i of ammunition will arrive here by ex. press tonignt or sninoay morausp'. i Express officials here deny any ' iouwieoge or any sperm oar jsjmiiunu. They state that they would sot .know is advance of any shipments of this; -an ture At regular express rates, the Vilia treasury will have to part with some thing over J 3000 to transport the car load of ammunition to El Paso from New Tork Other large shipments are sam to be coming oy freight and a second special express shipment will J be here early in the week. j Ammunition fixhauntetl. f t il'a is greatly in need of ammum- I tion It was because his ammunition I e out at a critical time that he was j rrt tn ntir. f k- .J..,..,-! . ! forced to retire from the advanced po- j ' D1UUU3 UC UU VVU U IUUQ AUU&Ul HI' I lies at Celaya. In a message which j he sent to the border Friday night. Gen. I ilia stated that a shortage of ammu- j Tut ion had caused his army to retire. The message follows. Villa's Mesxage. i Headquarters. IS miles north of Ce- I Java, April 16 (g p. m.) "Because I ammunition which 1 was expecteing failed to arrive at a critical moment, the attack which I launched yesterday against the enemy's positions at Ce lava was unsuccessful. The enemy was hav mg a difficult time holding his po sitions and victory seemed ours when n, ammunition was exhausted. On learning of this. Obregon made a sortie 2nd struck with his whole force ngamst my center, which he almost succeeded in breaking through. Howev er, on seeing that my troops would be obliged to retire, I gave the ordc to do so and the retrograde movement was effected without the loss of anv of my trains or impedimenta of war My lorces were Drought back to the positions they occupied before the attack on Celavi-was Wun- and the attack on Celaya 'was begun: and thrse positions they now occupy. I am r organising my brigades and replen ishing the cartridge belts of the sol di? rs- Mv troops are In good spirits and confident that they will obtain a complete triumph when our movement is again under -way. Great Quantities of ammunition are -en route here and when it arrives,' Obregon will be taug xr that my soldiers are made of tuff that does not shatter at a tem porary setback. (Signed) "Francisco Villa." Ml Villa Troops Concentrating. Gen. Villa is concentrating all his truops at Celaya to cope with Obregon, according to reports reaching here to dav Practically every other campaign has been abandoned and military trains are rushing soldiers and artillery to the scene. Gen. Jose Rodriguez Is retiring from the siege of Matamoros; the Tampico campaign has been aban doned: all troops in the Monterey sec-t-on. except those needed for garrison purposes, are being hurried southward: from the territory of Topic and the southern portion of Sonera, Durango and Sinaloa the country is being stripped of Villa's men. Indications are that the northern leader has de cided to assemble his forces in one great army in central Mexico and at tempt to crush the Carranza armies at one battle. Arrivals from the south say that plans are being made by the convention government in Mexico City for the re moval of the capital to Chihuahua. This step would have been taken some time ago, it is said, had not Obregon's army inarched between Villa and Zapata. Obreson 3Ial.es Report. Details of the movements by which Gen Obregon defeated Villa's troops in the recent battle at Celaya wers contained in a Ions; message received I riday night from Gen. Venuatiano Carranza by Andres G. Garcia. Car ranza consul here. The message fol lows "I am just in receipt of a message rrom ten Obregon, dated at Celaya i on April 15. It says: 'I have the pleasure to notify you that I have I raised the flag of legality In an exten- I sion of about ZOO square kilometers I which was the field where a big battle j (Continued on Pare S, CoL 1). 1 Obregon and Villa Agree On One Thing Anyhow: That the Enemy Is Licke TURKS Tke War. At a Gl ance A REPORT is published by a Prussian newspaper that grand duke Nicholas, Rus sian commander in chief, was shot in the abdomen by Gen. baron Se vers, commander of the Russian 10th arm), which was defeated and driven from east Prussia last Feb ruary. The general is said to have committed suicide. There is no con firmation of this report, official or otherwise, from any other source. Bomb Dropped on Greenwich The official German statement, evidently referring: to the raids by a German aeroplane, says that bombs were dropped on Greenwich, in the metropolitan district of Lon don. Dispatches from London said the aeroplane approached no nearer than St miles from the city. Unof ficial advices from Berlin are that considerable damage was done by the Zeppelins which raided Eng land twice this seek and that of ficers and men on British patrol boats were killed or wounded. Cruiser Shell Turku The French ministry of marine announces further naval operations against the Turkish forces which proceeded against Kgypt- It is said a French battleship shelled a Turkish position near the Egyptian city of EI-Arish, which is close to the border of Palestine. Flsrhting Dlmlnlnhe There were no important en gagements in France yesterday ana in the east operations are belns delayed by the spring thaw. War's Grestmt Battle ' From such scattered reports as are permitted from the eastern front it is becoming gradually ap parent -that the greatest battle of the war at least so far as con cerns the-number of men engaged is being fought in the Carpathians along the IIS mile front from Bart feld. in northern Hungary, to Stry. In eastern Galicia This line rough ly parallels the boundary between HftagKry" GaHda. running througa difficult mountain region, throusn which, the Russians hope to break a way into the heart of Hungary. Russian reports throw little light on the situation. The official state ments of late have mentioned de tached engagements. in which some local successes have been claimed. Newspaper dispatches from Fetrograd are similarly re stricted. It appears probable, however, that the Russians have sustained at least a temporary check. lm,,ri. . ..,-o1- u,w Austria to Attack Italy A Paris dispatch from Rome says the belief is general in the Italian capital that Austria will attack Italy, should that country's deter mination to enter the war become evident. It is evident this possi bility is viewed complacently on account of th strong condition of the Italian troops along the bor der. CRUISEfl VISITS MI'S FLEET "Washington. D. ., April IT Ad miral Howard, commanding the Pa cific fleet off the west coast of Mex ico, renorted to the navy department ? " he had ordered commander oble E. Irwin on the cruiser New Or leans to proceed at once to Turtle bay. Lower California, and report on the activities of the Japanese fleet there. The New Orleans was due to reach Turtle bay today and commander Itwin is expected to report the result of his inquiry by wireless. Secretary Daniels had telegraphed admiral Howard a summary of re ports alleging that while the osten sible purpose of Japanese activities in Turtle bay is to salvage the gsounded cruiser Asama. the real object of the preparations is to occupy the bay and adjoining shores as a base ol c perations. Prescolt Girl Chosen To Christen "Arizona" With Hassayampa Water Phoenix. Ariz.. April 1? Miss Esther Ross, of Prescott. is to christen the battleship Arizona with a bottle of Hassayampa water. June 19. She was chosen for this honor by governor Hunt from among a number of candi dates. Miss Roes is the daughter of W. IV. Ross, a pioneer of Prescott druggist. She is 17 years old and is regarded as being one of the most beautiful young women in Arizona. ARIZONA FLOOD SUFFERERS DECLINE PROFFER OF AID Holbrook. Ariz, April IT. Aid prof fered by Phoenix to the 3600 sufferers from the St. Johns flood has been re fused by the settlers on the ground that they do not need assistance. The crest of the flood has passed here and is now about Winslow. Woodruff ap pears to have suffered more oamage than St- atTohns. joiin' buxnv passes ciusisj is saio to he improver New Tork. April 17. John Bunny, the motion picture comedian 'who has been ill for more than three weeks, was said today to have passed the crisis of his illness and to be on the way to recovery MURDER "BRUTAL" HOUfflM BBHIDCI: Troops Give Thrilling Exhi bition of Horsemanship and Lance Work. Northern France, by way of London, Keg.. April 17 A thrilling exhibition of horsemanship and military efficiency was given by Hindu cavalry here on a high plateau as level as the Texas Pan handle. It was one of the most amaz ing spectacles ever witnessed by the French people. The spectators were khaki dad Brit ish officers from the four corners of the globe, French peasants and a few newspaper correspondents. The Indian force was in fine trim, for the April sun shone brightly and nothing so Appeals to the Indians as the sun. As yet denied an actual battle n the line, the Indian cavalry had foregath ered for a demonstration of its horse manship and its prowess with iance, rifle and sword. The first feat was a mimic charge in which hundreds of dusky horsemen swept across the plain into a line of imaginary foes, slashing right and left with their sabers or piercing with slender lances straw stuffed sacks which dotted the ground. Control Horses Snperbly. Their control of their horses was superb and the spirit and agility which they displayed astonished the French onlookers. Formidable and terrifying was the yell of the Indians as they gal loped across the field. It was different from anything Occidental oars are ac customed to, being a long drawn out: "Ah-ah." After successive squadrons had made the charge, the horsemen repaired to the center of the plain, where the In dians formed a wMe lane, down the middle of which was given an exhibi tion et lance wot and fancy tiding, the equal of which Is only seen among the cowboys of the far west or the Cossacks of Russia. Pegs were driven into the ground and four horsemen rid ing at full tilt dashed toward them, each impaling on a peg the tip of his lance. Only rarel) did a rider miss his mark. stabs Narrow Peg. dght horsemen, four abreast, riding in the opposite directions then swept past, each bearing off a narrow peg on his lance, a peg set sideways so as Jo present a surlace not more than one Inch wide presented a feat which seemed rather dubious for the first In dian who endeavored to impale, but Zamin All. a little Mohammedan, pierced the exact center, riding hard. GERMAN OFFICER KILLS BRITON; ENGLAND PROTESTS London, Eng., April 17. The British government, acting through the Amer ican embassy at Berlin, has made a strong protest to Germany concerning the action of a German officer. Cap. Nlcolay. In. shooting and killing on a train August 3 the son of Henry Had ley, a British teacher of languages. At the request of Great Britain, the American embassy Inquired into the matter, it Is stated, and received a statement from the German authorities to the effect that Hadley had pretended to the conductor of the train that he did not understand or speak German and did not know where he was going. He acted in a conspicuous and impolite manner and made ironical remarks about passing officers. Capt. Nlcolay was called by the con ductor and the officer forbade Hadley to leave the train. Hadley then, the on ice r is said to have reported, as- I sumeo an aggressive attitude and. thinking he was about to be attacked. Capt. Nlcolay fired at him, "in order to be first." Courtmartial proceedings were instituted, but were discontinued after an investigation of the case. GERMAN ADMIRAL IN CHINA PAYS RESPECTS TO ENGLAND Berlin, Germany, April 17 Despite the campaign of hatred which has been waged by Germans against Great Britain, one German has had the cour age to stand up and profess his friend ship for man) Englishmen and bis en tire respect for them. He is admiral von Hintze, German minister to China Delivering an address before the Ger man club in Shanghai, he -said. "You and I, who lived so long abroad, have learned to know, respect and like a great many Englishmen, and when we observe the present campaign of lies against us. we are forced to ask ourselves from whom they really ema nate. If we go through the list of our acquaintances, we will find not a sin gle one whom we could believe capable of deviating from the narrow path of truth even if he adhered to the princi ples of "right or wrong, my country.' or everything is fair In war.' "I am willing to assert of my numer ous British mends tnat they mignt snoot or Bayonet me, out inai iron, j none of them would I expect a scur rilousor Insulting word." CALLS CARPATHIAN BATTLE THE GREATEST IN HISTORY Berlin, Germany. April 17. The Russo-Austrian oattle in the Carpa thian passes is described by -he corres pondent of the Lokal Anzeiger at Aus trian headquarters as the greatest in history. He says that fully 2.000.000 men have been engaged, and that the battle has taken heavy toll of Russian nobility. The correspondent for the Zeitung Am Mittag estimates the Russian losses in killed, wounded, prisoners and miss ing at about 500.000 He says the strength of the Russian Carpathian army is broken, and that heaps of dead lie about the Austrian-German lines. KIIRH JlTBnRITIFQIGERMAN TRENCHES ' nnnnV nriiVi r MIMbtH Lt Turs Protest Against Butch ery of Christian Men, Women, Children. NEW MASSACRE IS IN PROSPECT Armenians and Kurds En gage in Frequent Fighting In Turkish Armenia. T TABRIZ. Persia. April 1 (Via Pe- trograd and London. April 17 ) ' Though the Turks have been , accused for many vears of inhuman acts, and are alleged to have spurred the Kurds to kill Christians in Iru- mtah lately. It Is now declared the Turks are disgusted with the barbar- i ities of the Kurds and are jnurdrms them because of their "brutaL acts. Turkish soldiers nd the younger of the Turkish officers are protesting ' against the countenancing by hign. r Turkish officers of the outrages com- , mitted by the Kurds. In mat in stances, Kurds guilty of unusHal atro- t cities are being lynched. ' General Massacre Rxpected. IJngsj;enrgnt'W.tn Armenians , and Kurds are frequent in the vicinity o- Van. in Turkish Armenia, according ' to reliable information reaihms Tabriz, and a general massacre of Christians Is expected in the province ol Baslikala. The Armenians of Van ' are hurriedly trying to raise volun- . teers in Azerbaijan province. Persia, to help them against the Turks and i the Kurds. j After several stub.orn engagements i north of Dilman, in Persia, the Turks retreated to the south of Dilman. The Turks are reported to have retreated ftom the district of Cboruk. H! SHITS Ell Berlin, Germany. April 17 (by wire less to Sayville. L. I ) The General Anzeiger of Duisburg. Rhenish Prussia, says it learns "from an absolutely un impeachable source" that the reported sickness of grand duke Nicholas Nirholaievitch, commanderinchief of the Russian forces, was due to a bullet in the abdomen ifred by the late Gen. baron Sievers of the defeated Russian tenth army. The General Anzeiger says Gen. Sievers was summoned by the grand duke to explain the defeat of the Rus sian tenth army. A heated colloquy took place, the newspaper says, and the grand duke gave Gen. Sievers a box on the ear. The latter thereupon drew a revolver and wounded the grand l uuKe, suosequentiy turning tne weapon upon himself. The fact that Gen. Sievers had com mitted suicide, the General Anzeiger continues, was learned at the time of his funeral, but the news that grand duke Nicholas had been wounded has only just become known. Gen. Siever was the commander of Tenth army which in the middle of February met with a severe defeat at the hands of the Germans in the Ma zurlan lakes region of east Prussia. The report that the general had com mitted suicide appeared in the Frank furter Zeitung on March II. The newspaper said it had received a dis patch from Petrograd intimating that the Russian officer had ended his own life FRENCH CRUISER ATTACKS TURKS Pans, France. April 17 The minie- trv nt marinA inHav sava nt n aPi ciai communication readings During the day of April IS. a French cruiser., supporting a reconnaisance made by aeroplanes, effectively bom barded the fortification of EI-Arish. a fortified town in Egypt near the boun dary of Egypt and Palestine, as well as certain detachments of Turkish troops which are concentrated near El Arlsh LOCOMOTIVE WORKS WILL MAKE SHRAPNEL SHELLS Richmond. Va-. April 17 A contract for the manufacture of 2.5M.O0O sarap nel and high explosive shells has been signed by the American Locomotive company, it is announced by the com pany. Another contract covers an or der for several million cartridge cases. From whom the orders came was not revealed. TTI AT CLOSE RANGE k ll'T mBI tCL'i-? 'StECSiit 91 msWIMsusntsuwrii III II ll(MIIITi1lif'l1l1T1TllilTi1ffEM" "trgEMCtriES H' ERE is shown a c!o: ud view of the czar g army seems practically a. - - - the soldiers mar be seen standing up to the earthworks, rifle barrels tliruat through loopholes, to fire at any enemy trenches. The trenches show n in the photograph i or sotaiers to move aDout wun oent being struck by bullets GERIN SKIES JIE FIELD: TRENCHES EIEEED KITI H As Result of Battle of Neuve Chapelle, Ground Between German and British Lines Is -Strewn With TJnburied ' Bodies, While in Some Trenches the Living and the Dead Are Closely Mingled. N' KCVE CHAPELLK. France. April 17. The ground west of th(s now shattered town of Neuve Chapelle. from which the Bri tish drove the Germans In the middle of March' with such terrible loss of life for both sides, is literally cobbled with German skulls. The dead lie buried in shallow graves everywhere and the vicinity is strewn with wreck age and debris. Beneath many of the trenches and dugouts six inches of bayonets will meet, the resistance of cloth and human flesh, while in the No Man's land, between the new Bri tish line and the German trenches to the east, bodies lie thick. Living anil Dead Mingle. Neither the Germans nor the British dare attempt to remove the corpses and unless some situation developes to alter the relative position of the opposing army there are liable to still be there when summer comes. In many of the trenches and dugouts the live troops unwillingly harbor the bodies of thousands of men which were cov ered with earth after the British rush. Many have been buried by both the Germans and the British, and white crosses todav dot the landscapes be tween the lines. Broke Through Too Quickly. So quickly did the British break through the German lines that full de tails of the action are only now be coming known, even to the men who participated. The suddenness of the ad vance was such that many of the men were so dazed that all they knew was that they were to go through. In fact, the British staff officers laughingly assert that it was too quick for the best, results, the German line giving way so suddenly that the British found themselves like a man who hits his opponent with all his might and en counters but slight resistance, and Is thereby thrown off his balance. "If we had had a chance for t that day. I believe we could have taken Aubers also and Derhaos Lille.' said one officer "At any rate, we gave the Germans their worst drubbing of the war and the effect all along our front was incalculable Every man in the British army believes sincerely that we could break the German line .f we KURDS D B3fc3HD. -8J the German trench! in Pobiiirl when: deadlocked agamst the line or the kaiser, j Russian bead that appears above the are particularly deep, it being mfcooory deads in most ot the earthworks to avoid wanted too. and that is a mighty com fortable feeling." 600 Trains For the Wounded The Over Seas News agency at Ber lin gave out the following: "Report from Austrain headquarters describe the four weeks' battle in the "arpataian mountains as the most gigantic in the history of the world, 3.500.M0 men participating. This battle reached a climax several days ago. The Russian offensive was halted and repulsed with the most appalling losses. On some days as many as M0 trains were used for wounded. The field hospitals are overcrowded with wounded and sick and thousands suc cumbed without adequate medical at tention. "Prof. Oskar Von Moeller. president of the Society of the German engineers, has notified the American engineers' association that the German engineers will not attend the international en gineering congress at San Francisco, since they are busily engaged in serv ing the fatherland." French- Fortifications Stormed. The statement today from German army headquarters at Berlin says "French attacks near Fllrey were repulsed Friday. "On the south slope of LoreUe heights, northwest of Arras, a small German point of support CO yards long and SO vards deep was lost. "In Champagne, northwest of Per (Csatfmed en "Pace X. OeL ). likes Herald For Many Reasons Cotnstock, Texas, April 14. Editor hi Paso Herald. Enclosed find money for an extension of ay sabscription. I like the sporting news in tout paper; abo tlpV eVailv pvszle pictures and the comic features. I abo like the articles by Htnsiku Fairfax, in addition to the general news contained in your paper. Moat of tne other dailies 1 have taken do not contain there extra features. That's whv I Want your paper. f. W. 4Ssom. Agent G. H. & s A. 1ftfcy. IN Al HOUR District Judge Dan M. Jack son Gioes Oath To New City Official Family. ANDERSON QUITS AS HEALTH OFFICER Mayor Kelly, Retiring, Ap points Jim Dudley To "Conjoins Job." "I AM not ready to announce any appointments yet and may not be for a few days." -said mayor Tom Lea. Jr.. at noon Saturday, just after he had taken the oath of office "One thing I will say: I am going to name the men I consider best for each appointment.". There was little formality about the change in city administrations. Mayor Kelly and his city council transacted what business they had before them. counted the vote in Tuesday's election and mayor Kelly, declaring the coun cil adjourned, stepped down off the platform and started to leave the coun cil chamber . Mr Lea, who sat msldn to railing near the press; table HJnt " coun cil chamber during till Mbs session of the Kelly council, called "Mr. Kellv and the exmayer looked back. Lea ad vanced toward hm. his hand stretched out, and the two shook hands, each stepping upon the rostrum from oppo site sides simultaneously. The crowd cheered. Then Mr. Lea asked the ma or to con tinue in the chair while he and his of ficial family took office. The oath was administered just a ew minutes before the clock hands inted to 12 while Mr. Lea was mak- his address of acceptance, the tetles blew for 12 District judge Dan M. Jackson administered the oath of office. The council chamber was filled with people, mostlv friends of the new mayor and his councilmen, and the best of good humor prevailed. OM nnl.o. 4llA AeP?A AV w 4. 1 the new administration, the Kelly citv council held a meeting to approve out standing bills, including J 1000 to the Thurston Audit company for the cit audit, which was also presented. Tne bills approved included salaries for the elective city officials who were retiring Kelly's Final Message. Opening the meeting of the council mayor Kelly presented bis final mes sage, which was as follows. 1 MHtC 1 LofJLjentl I debt o tlemen of the City Council hen I entered office on Aug IV. 1 round outstanding a citv of more than S294.000 and a school debt of more than $189,009 No adequate tax levy had been made to pay these debts. The prob lem that then confronted the c.tv administration was the payment of these debts and the putting of the city upon a sound financial basis. This task has been well accom plished. Toda we turn over to our successors in cash and securities S8.423 7. div ided sx follows: $313,000 citv bonds purchased bv the city out of its sinking funds. s8.433 07 in actual cash. From the tax collections for IS! 4 we have saved $65 "2S.10 which we turn over to our successors to ap ply to current expenses for 1915 There is not an outstanding war rant against the citv or the schools and all funds are on a cash basis. There is about 360.000 cash in the school treasurv "I congratulate voj upon this splendid -ichievement. which is the result of our wise and honest ad ministration of public affairs. "Respectfully sumbittted. "C. E. Kelly. Mavor -.gffareorderint; a canvas of the vote BBDKilubraitted the name of SoBsBtsssssssssssssssssslfJ' for aPPin'" ment aspaTrMHBBMCouncil con firmed him. Mr TiVKad a bond ready and it was apprtrreHsrtd the re tiring major instructed mm to keep order in the council chamber The resignation of citv prosician v H. Anderson was read and a'derman Clayton said "I wish to say that Dr Anderson has made us a most eff'cieut health officer and that we accept his resi-rnation with regret. It is wit a regret that I, as a citizen learn or his retirement.' To park. West Main Street. An ordinance narrowing West Mam street between Lawton avenue and the (CsattMcd en race S, OL 1).