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Magazine Page Editorial and Magazine Page Tuesday, May Eleventh, 1915. DEDICATED TO THE SERVICE OF THE PEOPLE, THAT KO GOOD CAUSE SHALL LACK A CHAMPION, AND THAT EVIL SHALL NOT THRIVE UNOPPOSED. MERICA IS IN . DANGER n? 5 .i r f TFir.rNf; its mora J. i, " " - -- . "" . J- W - -- - TO EXFEDIEN r V "We are far more likely fo cep out o BW in die long run by a bold determined policy of protection to ' American citizens than by the policy of indifference. Thi orld accepts the standard Be ' ourselves set up and treats us accordingly." U. & Senator William E. Borah. THERE IS such a thing as moral FORCE note the emphasis. The question is, Are we Americans exerting it? are we In a position to exert it? Or aie we deceiving ourselves into thinking that mere failure to act is an evidence of moral self-repression? The EI Paso Herald is of the opinion that the United States at this time in world affairs is NOT exerting moral FORCE, and is net in a position to exert it partly because we have been so weak and ineffectual in our whole foreign poKcy for some years that every na tion on earth, great and small, doubts both oar will and our good faith. The El Paso Herald sincerely believes that the greatest power in the world under deity, is the human will directed by a just conscience in the service of truth and of human welfare. Beside this, guns and armor, forts and ships, are of minor consideration, yet they have their uses. In trying to understand the rela tions and duties of nations, it helps if we consider them as individual persons; with this difference: that the morality of a nation is certain to be something lower than the morality of its mere moral individuals, for the same reason that the acts ef a crowd are directed by impulses and moral principles lower than the im pulses and principles of its mere moral members. The nation, like the crowd, strikes an average; to be precise, it is not quite at the median line, but a shade above it. If we did not believe this, we could not believe in the world's forward and upward movement at all. But the world is as we find it. Men try to draw parallel They are dangerous for they often lead to absurdities. Some moral philosophers point the world to Christ as the only model for nations as for individ uals; to be consistent, then, must it be maintained that the United States 3hould suffer martyrdom, suffer annihilation, rather than lift a hand to strike the tormentor? Is this really what president Wilson means, when he says "There is such a thing as a nation being too proud to fight; there is such a thing as being so right that it does not need to convince others by force that it is right"? Such a philosophy, carried to its ultimate, would have permitted the Alamo massacre, but it would have made San Jacinto immoral; such a philosophy, carried to its ultimate, would have permitted the secession of the south and the destruction of the American union, but it would have made Gettysburg and Appomattox im moral; such a philosophy, carried to its ultimate, would have made our war against Spain a deadly crime; such a philosophy, carried to its ultimate, would have ren dered impossible the wresting of the territory we now call "ours" from its aboriginal inhabitants by force. also in using physical force when necessary to reinforce moral force in relations with other nations. If we do not believe this, then we must conclude that all , wars are immoral and criminal; that all wars that ever have been on earth have been without justification; that evil should have been allowed throughout all time to propagate and multiply without physical resistance. that the world tries to understand and value the mar tyrdom of Christ, and of certain other great leaders of world history, in religion, in philosophy, in war which has its counterpart, in a sense, in the figurative mar tyrdom ef certain great leaders in political ethics, in art, in literature. There come times in the lives of most men who do worthy work in the world, when they must make their moral force really effectual through holding physical force in obvious reserve. No man in this day needs to conserve and enforce his dignity by packing artillery around and picking quarrels with every stranger. But the man who habitually takes insults and injuries with out resistance either moral or physical soon loses his power for good. Men and nations cannot always deal with those of like ideals and intellects. The same reasons that appear to "Trustify" us in compelling by physical force a certain respect for our criminal laws, "justify" us The El Paso Herald doubts whether physical force is always and everywhere wrong. It appears to -U3 that this is a power given to mankind to use rightly, just as moral force is given to us. We see no reason to exalt mind above sentiment, reason above passion, moral force above physical force, in themselves always granting that these wonderful human powers are ex erted for good,so far as it may be given us to discern what is good. Cold intellect without passion is only half-man, and as dangerous in its way as would be the reverse: passion without intelligence. Moral force with out the reserve support of physical force sometimes faces situations in which the very lack of force becomes actually immoral, and the true morality would be found in resistance or coercion, always assuming that it be used in a good cause for a good end, as enlightened conscience points the way. In a crisis, we should try moral force, but IF that should fail, and IF we felt ourselves in imminent danger of annihilation by an opposing evil force, and IF we were sufficiently convinced of our own righteous pur pose, we should not hesitate another second to shoot to kill, in defence of our cause and of racial progress. Martyrdom, in other words, as a motive and aim of life, does not appeal to us as something certain to be right under all conditions. In so saying, it must not be forgotten that even martyrdom may sometimes be the highest morality, the highest wisdom, -and the high est courage, and when entered into with a deliberate good will, to a definite good end, martyrdom may be come the act of supremest service. It is in this sense' Christ pot the thought in changeless and perfect form when he said: "Whosoever will save his life shall lose it; but whosoever will lose his life for my sake, the same shall save it- For what shall it profit a man, if he gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? Or what shall a raan give in exchange for his soul?" The words must be construed in a figurative rather than a literal sense. The man or the nation fighting for the right and for the progress of the race would be a coward and a fool if he or it should invite dea(h; but the word of Christ appears to mean that he who values his physical life above moral principle cheapens the principle and by his own self centeredness he destroys the effectiveness of his own moral force. This seems to us to be the underlying principle that should guide men and nations in trying to decide when to use physical force. Lincoln in his second in augural said, "With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in. .to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and a lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations." Lincoln did not despise physical force as a righteous weapon when moral force had failed; have we progressed so far beyond Lincoln, then, that we must proclaim the use cf physical force to be, always and everywhere immoral, and finally renounce the right to apply physical force when we fail by moral force to serve mankind effectually? The El Paso Herald does not believe it. (BY H. D. S.) self preservation. That is a Ho. That is one of ths last and lowest laws of nature. The first and highest law of nature is preservation of the species, conserva tion of the race and of what good we can see in the world worth conserving. The Herald has often alluded to the "martyrdom." of railroad engineers, ships' crews, physicians, firemen, and countless others in posts of responsibility, when instinct drives thera to choose in a fraction of a second between saving their own lives and saving the lives of others. In practicaHy every case the lives of others are the first consideration. Men do not fail in the emergency. There is not a man worth the name, who would not give up his life will ingly and gladly to save a ehBd or a woman or a weaker man. Does this look like "self preservation"? That old Tn-"'" is one of the greatest lies that ever proceeded out of a warped mind. It is the excuse of the coward. So it is, and must be, with a nation that claims to be "moraL" It is all right to use our moral force to the limit of effectiveness, but Ie us be sure it is FORCE and not weakness. Meek compliance with in justice is as immoral, as evil, as the injustice itself It amounts to what the lawyers call "compounding a felony"; it makes the weakHng a party to the crime. It used to be said that the first law of nature is Certain practical applications of the ethical prin ciples above outlined wLI be discussed in tomorrow's Herald. The precedent we have set for ourselves in Mexico wfll dictate our attitude toward Germany. There wiH be no war and should be none over the Lusitania. But The Herald wiH try to show that, had we adopted, a different foreign policy, the Lusitania would never have been sunk with the assassination of nearly 150 Americans and the sacrifice of hundreds of innocent men, women, and children. It is not a difficult art to "keep oat of war" if we are content to take our inspiration from China. But is that the ideal of our "New Nationalism"? -liiiericans. Often loo Busy Reading of Rhine o Admire Beauties of Hudson As Tkey Pass MAXT thousand eager tourists on thir way to Europe have been too busy reading about the Rhine in their guide books to look at .he Hudson river on their war to sail from New Tork. And jet the Hudson in its way is as famous as the Rhine More people live .Jong its banks and almost as much histor has clustered about it in the l.st three hundred years. It is also justly celebrated for its scenery. On the Rhine man has greatly im proved the scenery by terracing the hills with vineyards and planting cas- j ties on the hill tops. But the Hudson's si enery was installed by the original , architect and needs no improvement. ! For mile after mile the Catskill moun tains come oown to ine water, encros- j rag it in great wooded walls, while i thunderstorms play among their peaks ' and dift up the valley' from headland I to headland. The Hudson has castles too. bat they ire not of the extinct kind which werq town up a hundred years ago and now ke out a precarious, existence selling cfreshments and souvenir cards. The ! coal, railroad, chewing gum and sausage kings of the United States have BY GEORGE FITCH. planted great marble palaces on the hills back of the Hudson; and the United States Military academy at West m& n E?sH :iia- -i r SiSJ Tbc Hudson ha castles, too. Point has as fine a .group of buildings as was ever built by an old robber baron. One may travel down the Hudson by railroad in a parlor car or take a steam er as big as a Chinese farm and sail down it by day past West Point, un der the great Poughkeepsie bridge, past a hundred historical and literary shrines, past the palisades, which were rapidly being turned into crushed rock before the state bought a range of mountains for a park and past the lower palisades of New York, ranging from 20 to GO stories in height. It is possible to saturate one's soul with beauty on this trip at a very small expense and if the tourist wishes to revel in the delights of foreign travel at the same time, he has 6nly to alight at any place and try to borrow a match from a gang of red ahirted laborers. He will discover eleven foreign lan guages always on tap. The Hudson Is appreciated by Amer icans, who fill the largest river steam ers hi the world each summer to see it. But it is also unfortunately appreciated by the ice companies, who have lined its banks with vast white sheds fall of preserved coolness. In the interests of art these shels should be sodded over and planted with blackberry Jungles. Bedtime Story For the Little Ones "Uncle Wiggily and the Bjg Cheese." By HOWARD B. GARIS. "M: - Y. that certainly is good cheese cake," exclaimed un cle Wiggily )Longears, the rabbit gentleman, to nurse Jane Fuzzy W uzz3 , the mnskrat lady housekeeper. I it have another piece." he went on, passing his plate. "I'm glad you like it," Miss Fuzzy 'tv uzzv remarked, as she cot another bit of cake. "But if yon want any more of it baked you will have to go to the store and get me some cheese. W ell, I certainly will do that," un cle Wiggily exclaimed, "for I do surely love cheese cake," and he carefully wiped his whiskers on his napkin, as nurse Jane passed him back his plate. After breakfast the old rabbit gen tleman started out in his automobile to get the cheese so nurse Jane could iake more cheese cake. I don't know just hGw cheese cake is made, but I like to eat it I think you have to put cheese In, of course, and perhaps floor and water, and sugar and eggs and nutmeg, and lemonade, and oranges and cocoanut, and perhaps lollypops mind, I'm not raying for sure, but maybe. Anyhow, I m sure about the cheese, and so was uncle Wigguy, for he started off after it in his auto. Til go with, you," offered JImmIe Caw-Caw, the black crow boy. ' ' All right, come along. invited uncle Wiggily, "but please don't pick any holes in the German bologna sausage tires with your sharp bill and let oat all the air." ' ril not do that," promised JImmIe. "And don't pick up the what-you-maj -call-it, or the whizzicum-whazzi-cum of my automobile and hide it for fun." added the rabbit gentleman. "I won't," said JImmIe. with a laugh. So he and uncle Wiggily went off in the auto to get the cheese. "And rd like the largest one you have m the store," uncle Wiggily said to the grocery cow lady. "The very largest cheese, so nurse Jane can make plenty of cake for me." "Yon shall .have it, Mr. Longears," the cow lady answered. Then she brought out a bio round cheese, so large and fat and altogether nice that it was all un cle Wiggily and the cow lady and Jlm mie Caw-Caw could do to lift It into the auto "That certainly will make a fine lot of cheesecakes," the rabbit gentleman said, as he climbed up on the seat of Ins machine and tickled the deodle-oodle-um with some talcum powder to make it sneexe. And when this had bven done the auto went off as nlfeely a vou please. But it did not go so very far before, nil of a sudden. Jimmie, the crow boy. saw something bright and shining on j "pe turning steering wneeL Ha' T think I'll fly off with that and hide it " he said. He quickly picked the slunv thing off in his bill, bat before thp crow boy could flv away with it he a cidentally dropped it in a deep rver, ov er which the auto was then running on a bridge All at once the auto stopped. "Oh. dear! Now vou have gone and done it, Jiramie" said uncle Wiggily in a sorrowfnl voice. "Done -what?" asked the crow boy "Why, you have picked off the snick frum sneckerum that makes the auto mobile wheels go 'round and now they won't go any more until I get a new one. Oh. dear! Til have to leave the auto and the cheese here until T come back, and some one may take the cheese Oh. Jimmie"' "I rm sorry' said the crow bov. Ttut of course that did not bring back th snickerum-sneckernm part of the anto U c'.l there is no help for it," sighed "de Wiggilv "I don't mlml .leaving my automobile here, for no one can run off with that as long as the snickerum sneckerum is missing. But that lovely cheese Oh! dear!" "Can't we take it with -as?" asked Jimmie. "It is too big and heavy," uncle Wig gily said. "We could never carry It." "I could stay here and watcU it," spoke the crow chap. "No, for I want you to come with me to the five and ten cent store and help carry back the snickerum-sneckernm. Yon can't stay here, Jimmie. Oh, dear! What shall I do about my nice cheese?" "Ha! I have it!" suddenly cried the crow boy. "Do you remember how you once rolled down hill in a hoop?" "Yes," said uncle Wiggily, "I do re member." "Well, now this cheese is round like a hoop, though it is shaped differently in some ways." went on Jimmie Caw Caw. "You and I can get inside it and roll home, for here we are right at the top of a hilL And when we have rolled home in the cheese, we can leave it with nurse Jane at the bungalow, go get the snickemm-snackemm and come back for the anto." "But the cheese has so hole In It, so how can we get Inside it?" asked uncle Wiggily. "I can easily pick a hole with my bill." Jimmie answered. And he did. Soon he had scooped out of the middle of the cheese a hole large enough for himself and the rabbit gentleman to sit In most comfortably. They rolled the chees to tha top of the hill, got Inside, and then they rolled drwn, just as Buddy, the guinea pig boy, once rolled down the hill inside a cabbage, as I have told you. Over and over, inside the eheese. down the hill rolled uncle Wiggily and Jimmie, and soon they were safe at the hollow stump bungalow. "Well, I do declare!" exclaimed nurse Jane, when she saw them. "This is a new way of coming home!" "Well, the cheese Is all right, any how," haughed uncle Wiggily, "and the crumbs Jimmie scooped out are in my auto." Then with a new snlckerum-snack-erum, which he bought at the five and ten cent store, uncle Wiggily soon had his machine running again, and there was cheese cake for his supper. And in the next story, if the loaf of bread doesn't go out and play tag with the buttercup flower, and forget to come home for breakfast, I'll tell you next about uncle Wiggily and the trap. Copyright, ISIS, by McClure Newspa per Syndicate. ABE MARTIN 1 feJl? v Ever time we begin t git interested, in seme good commendable enterprise we discover a few dead beats mixed up in it. AH springs look alike t' rhubarb." A dollar saved by buying goods pro duced elsewhere Is a dollar thrown at your neighbor's birds. Beautiful Roadway Built Along tne Cans! Ban Heavy Excursion Travel JSxpected To ClouderoJ .wp EW El Pasoans know what a pretty roadway has been built along the south side of the Franklin canal from the main gates at the big dam near the viaduct to a point halfway to the city," said Capt. Juan Hart. "The roadway is wide enough for an automobile, though as yet It is rather difficult to reach, as no highway has been constructed from the smelter road to the canal highway. Trees have been planted along the canal bank and in a few years this road will be the moat popular drive in El Paso. It follows the river." "The smelter viaduct is a busy place along about 3 and s oclock In the even ing." said Bex Stein. "Jltnes plying between the city and the smeiter shoot back and forth every few minutes and a continual stream of ether vehicles passes over it. Some times, the via duct, from one end to the' other. Is filled with machines and wagons, to say nothing of an occasional street car. Machines coming into town now get a running start at the western end, be cause of the strip of smooth cement, roadway at the bottom. And tha way some autolsts drive up the hill is enough to make an onlooker nervous for fear of an accident." "The trip over the San Augustine pass is one that no EI Paeoan shotald miss," said Mrs. Haymon Krupp- "The scen ery and the views are perfectly beau tiful and the road Is good almost all the way. At the top of the pass the view Is wonderful." What to See at the Movies TODVT Theater. Alhambra Subject of Pictures. No. Reels "When Justice Sleeps." Pathe's Weekly. v - 3 1 Bijou "The Pawn of Mars." - 3 Grecian "Mabel's Wilful Way," Keystone comedy. 1 "The Shoemaker." 2 Unique "Home Sweet Home." 6 Wigwam "Conspiracy at the Chateau." 2 "The Idol ri Fate." I "We anticipate that this sammer more people will visit Cloudcroft than ever before, as every round trip to the California expositions includes a rouna trip to Cloudcrcft without additional expense." said Garnett King. "At the quarterly meeting of the traveling pas senger agents of the railway lines of the state which will be held this week m San Antonio, it is expected that very liberal rates will be made from ail Texas points to Cloudcroft. The Lodge Is to be under new management this year and we are anticipating a meet successful season.' "The tennis tournament is going to bring even more people to El Paso than we originally estimated," saht B. S. Neff. "The formal .notices have now been sent out and we expect a big rush of entries within the next few days. They will commence to arrive here about May ?5 and most of them will be here until about June 1." "Kl Pasoans are now giving proper consideration to the big fairs In Cali fornia." said James S. Morrisson. "Passenger traffic to the coast is picking up and I look for a real rush in a couple of weeks more when the holiday season win be getting into fnll swing." j "Land in the El Paso valley is betas settled more rapidly than ever and an other year win see all of the raw tend below Ysleta leveled and culti.ated, ' said John U Dyer. "Wherever you see mewjuite grow ing you may be sure that the land s good and mesquite grows all over tha valley. The contrast between the lands between El Paso and Ysleta and those below Ysleta where the land has not yet been cleared is a good example of what can be done in this valLy with a little work. The valley has passed through its hardest times and its pros perity is assured." "I have never seen the orchards ia the lower valley more heavily lade a with fruit," said county commissioner Seth Orndorff. "On my ranch are apples, apricots, peaches, pears, plums, quinces, nec tarines and grapes, and the trees a-e fairly burdened with the green fruit. What is true at my place is true on all other farms where fruit is raised. The present season promises to be a record breaker for fruit." ' "The local Moose areplanning to ?ro to San iDego in full force to boost El Paso as the site of the proposed Moose sanitarium for tuberculosis." said u L. Bowen. dictator of El Paso lodge. "The location of the sanitarium will come up at the national convention of Moose in that citv, and we propose to make a strong bid. v e belleTe that f I Paso offers all the advantages for jui a a sanitarium and we will present our claims to the convention as we have presented them to individual officers of the national body." 14- yearj Ipo Today From The Herald This Date 1901, NDOOR SPORTS -,-. Putting a Racing Tip About. Coprrfrot. HIS. International News Barries. ATo A GOODTrtttfG-- 0& 7 J L A movement Is on foot in Juarez watch will in a measure solve the ir rigation problem in the Rio Grande valley. It Is proposed that the state of Chihuahua put In a large electric plant In Juarez and run the wires down the public roads in the valley to furnish power for operating smalt pumps on the fruit farms. The idea was con ceived by Francisco Mallen. Mexican consul is EI Paso and is endorsed by nearly all the merchants, business men and farmers in Jnarec J. Y. Cannon, well known cattleman. Is registered at the Zeiger. Mrs. W. C McDowell and daughter, of White Oaks, are visiting here. Miss Adele Fewel Is expected home in a few days from St. Louis where she has been attending school. Miss Adtne Loure, of Galveston, ar rived in El Paso this morning. She will visit her sister, Mrs Mark Miller. The graduating class of the high school will I -ld commencement exer cises tonight at the Myar opera house. rr. and Mrs. S. T. Turner have le.t for San Antonio, where the doctor will investigate the oil situation. They will be gone ten days. Mrs. R. H. R. Loughborough has re turned from San Antonio where she went to attend the battle of flqwers on the J 1st of April. John Hlnse has returned from a visit to J- Grange, Tax, where he went as the representative of the local lodge of the Sons of Hermann. CoL Dan HcCnnningham, livestock. agent ef the United- States bureau of animal transportation, came in iron Big Springs today on business. J. 'W. Fisher has gone to Cloudcroft to look after the improvements there and see the new hotel now in course of construction. He will run the hotel there and has gone to see what s needed to make it complete. Letters to The Herald. TA1I communications must bear th signature of the writer, but the same Fill be withheld if requested. iv Tne big 'wah. Caautilro, Tex May 10, 1915 Editor El Paso Herald: " To "Settle a controversy, will ion please answer the following questions What nations are fighting as allies with England? What nations are fighting as allies with Germany? John Stanford. With England France, Belgium, Russia, Servia. With Germany Austria-Hungary and Turkey. A dollar spent for nHe i alley prod ucts is doubled. Unconquered LET tribulation's waters refl, and drench me as I dent deserve!' I am the captain of my soul, I am the colonel of my nerve. Don't say my boasting's out of place, dent greet me with a jeer or scoff; rve met misfortune face to face, and pulled its blooming whiskers off. For I have sounded all the deeps of poverty and ill and woe, and that old smile I wear for keeps still pushed my features to and fro. Oh, I have walked the wintry streets all night because I had no bed; and I have hungered for the eats, and no one handed me the bread. And I have herded with the swine Kke that old prodigal of yore, and this elastic smile of mine upon my countenance I wore. For I beKeved and still believe that nothing ill is here to stay; the woory woe, that makes us grieve, tomorrow will be blown away. My old time griefs went up in sraeke, and I remain a giggKaz bard; I look on trouble as a joke, and chortle when it hits me hard. It's all your attitude of mind that makes yon gay or sad, my boy, that makes your work a beastly grind, or makes it seem a round of joy. The mind within me governs all, and brings me gladness or disgust; I am the captain of my gall, I am the major of my crust. (Copyright by George M. Aoams.) WALT JfASON. EL PASO HERALD An Independent Daily Newspaper n. D. Slater, Editor-in-Chief and controlling owner, has directed The Herald for 17 Years; G. A. Martin ii e Editor. The El Paso Herald was established in March. 1881 The El Part Herald includes also, by absorption and succession. Vbe Daily News, The TeJegrain, The Telegram. The Tribune; The Graphic. The Sun, The Advertiser, The Independent. Tbe Journal, The Republican, The Bulletin. Entered at the Postofflee in El Paso. Texa-, as Second Cla-s Matter. MXJIDER ASSOCIVTKD TRESS. AMERICVN EASPtPSR PUBLISHERS' ASSOCIATION. AVD AUDIT BlRKir OF CIRCPLATIOXS. TKJl'MS OF SUBSCRIPTION Daily Herald, per month. 60 per year. V 0 Wednesday and Week -End Issues will be mnkd f0- s; ot per year 7 hiriy-fifth Year Of Publication Superior exe'usive features and comrlete ie . i. t Letted Wire and Special Correspondents w v s Ten Mexico wasninmon u . "ij Published l Herald .Nans Co, In., H D -JIhic- ' r- t w thirds interest, I'res Sent. J C Wilmartb 'orap of one-fifth interest) Manager ti e re oociated Pre-" i. n i. New Mexku. maim-m one-eightn interest is u oca nmons i soi rvnoioers wo -i e rwv H L fjuell. H. B Stevens ' Mr 'h J J 'lundr. Water- Htm follow 1! True M 'il1! i' n eta'e tV. F l'ajne, IL C dv. Water- ueb), G. A. Martin, A. t th.xrue anu John r Ramsey.