" - n lank notes. 124 Mexican
r ' 39 Lhlhuahua currency. JH
07a currency. Bar silver (Handy
. TT rmon quotation) ttt Copper. U
- - n lower Livestock, steady
c k higher
EI Iao and TVt Texa. nnstttled.
cootrr; New Mxleo and Arizona, rtm
EL PASC. TEXAS. THURSDAY EVENING. JUNE 3. 1915. delivered anywhere m cents a month. 12 PAGES. TWO SECTIONS. TODAY.
LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
SINGLE COPX FIVE CENTS
WN GUNS KILL RUSSIANS AT PRZEM YSL
iJj H 4!
Special Train Is Arranged
To Remove Foreigners, ,
- NOTE'S MEANING?
Plan Mapped Out For Mex
icans In Choosing
WASHINGTON'. D. O. June 3.
The Brazilian minister in Mex
ico City today telegraphed sec
retary Bryan that he had arranged for
a. special train to remove ISO .Americans
ind many other foreigners who are
-LTing the capital because of the
An appeal to the Red Cross from
the International relief committee in
Mexico City, sent through the Brazilian
minister there, was made public here
today It follows:
fte appeal for starving Mexico.
Government supplies nearly exhausted;
no prospect relief. Conditions of dis
order, lack of seed, men and animals.
iv.-Li. inftcL-urujr ol uarveai prevent
planting Situation In this city is des- '
perate on account of shortage of food
-n medical supplies. Regular railway
service oetween city a&ghEWSSm&m
! i ernes and tB"ssBKT9Bjafiff
since February. Imperative need
evervwhere is corn. Also urgently re
quire beans, flour and medicine. Only
hope is from United States. We are
uning ail possible, but our resources
are entirely inadequate."
Diplomatic Washington is today dis
cussing the Mexico note of president
v nson wun various degrees of un
derstanding Generally, the diplo
mats of the countries whose na
t.onaJs have suffered from the Mex
ican revolutions, are pleased at the
tone of the note and accept It as Indi
cating intervention with force In Mex
ican affairs if the revolutions are not
ended. Politicians are not inclined to
express themselves upon their under
standing of the presidential meaning.
While details of the government's
policj are not yet available, it was
said on good authority that it was in
tended to restore constitutional gov
ernment in Mexico after the factions
had agreed on their man for provisional
president by first according recogni
tion to Vasquez Tagle or some of the
oilier members of the cabinet of the
1 .to president Madero, entitled to suc
cession under the Mexican laws.
To Follow lluerta Plan.
The minister thus recognized would
formally appoint to the cabinet the man
nosen to head the new cabinet, in
whose favor he then would resign. This
was the axact procedure followed when
Victoriano Huerta was elevated to the
presidency, but the United States re
fused to recognize his election as con
stitutionaL The details of a constitutional suc
cession, however, Jt is understood, will
i ct be given attention until there is
an agreement on the new provisional
president and his cabinet. An effort
is to be made to secure men for the
3ortfolios who represent various
branches of Mexican politics, the ma
jority being committed to a govern
ment based on liberal principles and
rledged to religious freedom and agra
rian and educational reforms.
Carranza 4.ency Is Paclfer.
Eliseo Arredondo, head of the Car
ranza agency here, today issued the
following comment on president Wil
son s Mexican warning:
I believe president Wilson's note
i largely due to the lack of relations
1u ween the government of the United
States and the constitutional govern
rrent of Mexico, and that this has given
room for the many false reports which
have victimized Mr. Carranza, attrib
uting to him acts of omission of which
he is incapable
Won't Prolong Strife.
Mr Carranza lately has ordered the
-dancf of his troops towards the City
f Mexico, which he will undoubtedly
Take before one "week is over, and J.
understand he will immediately es
tablish there a provisional civil admin
istration until he can wipe out the
remnants of the reactionaries and con
me the people to elect officers of a
c ".titutional government.
"There is no danger, therefore, that
E'-ife mav prolong itself in Mexico and
ause greater calamities for the people
vi Inch I am inclined to believe, is the
c Iv thing that worries the government
of the Inited States."
VILLA'S COMMENT AWAITED
UPON THE WILSON NOTE
li terest on the border awaits the
comment of Pancho Villa on the note of
president Wilson. He would make a very
hrusque and defiant reply if he were
given a free hand, according to Ameri
cans 'who know him and know his sen
timent But his real sentiments will
not be the sentiment given to the
world officially Diaz Lombardo. a
suave diplomat, will take the Wilson
message to Gen. Villa, in company with
Geo Carothers, and will write the Villa
answer It is reported that Villa is
very angry, and threatening to talk as
1 wants to, but that all his friends are
(Continued on Pare 2, CoL 2).
Mexico Has Invented
AMERICAN WOMAN DEFIES BANDITS
The "War At a Glance
PRZEMYSL has been reclaimed
by Austria. Official announce
ment was made at Vienna that
the great Galiclan fortress, won by
the Russians 10 weeks ago after a
long struggle, had bee recaptured.
With. Przemysl In their hands,
the Austrlans and Germans have
concluded the first phase of their
new Galidan campaign nhich was
launched in the drive from Cracow.
While the fall of Przemysl has not
been conceded at Petrograd. so far
as the advices show, the latest of
ficial, statement from the Russian
war office admitted that the be
siegers of the fortress had won
some successes, including the cap
ture of two outlying forts to the
north. Dispatches from the Aus
trian front to Vienna Indicate that
the attacking forces relied largely
on their heavy guns, which they
have used effectively all through
their advance across Galicia.
May Lose LemberR
These dispatches say the Rus
sians had removed men and sup
plies from Przemysl in anticipation
of its fall and that they considered
it not improbable they would lose
Lemberg as well.
Rumania and Russia Disagree
Rumania and Russia apparently
have been unable to compose their
differences concerning an adjust
ment of the Rumanian boundary
lines. Rumania's entrance in the
was is said unofficially to be con
ditioned on such an agreement. Aa
Milan dispatch states that king
Victor Emanuel of Italy has offered
his services as Intermediary be
tween these nations.
Italian Successes Denied
Italian reports of steady progress
in the invasion of Austria are dis
puted in Vienna. The Austrian war
office announces that Italian of
fensive operations haev been un
successful and that no material
damage has been done by the
Official announcement was made
la London today that a-British sub
marine had torpedoed a large
transport in the sea of Marmara.
This submarine is said to be one
of several which have found their
way through the Dardanelles and
are now operating in the sea of
An exploit of two Italian tor
pedo boats, in penetrating the gulf
of Trieste is described In a dis
patch from Geneva. The torpedo
boats are said to have sunk two
merchant vessels and damaged an
Violent Fighting at Lorette
Further violent infantry fight
ing occurred Wednesday in the con
tested region near Lorette. The
French war office states that no
advantage was won by either side
in this engagement. Expect for the
slight progress for the allies in the
maze of trench work named the
"Labyrinth the situation along
the western front is unchanged.
San Mnrlno Declare War
The little republic of San Marino
with an area of 22 square miles,
which is surrounded by Italian ter
ritory has approved Italy's attitude
toward Austria, and declared Itself
to be in a state of war The chief
importance of this decision lies In
the fact that It will deprive Aus
tria of the oportumty which mlgit
otherwise exist for using San Ma
rino as a refuge for its aeroplanes
during attacks on Italy
Cabinet Is Cheered and
Jeered When Confidence
Vote Is Introduced.
Tokio, Japan. June 3 The holding
of an anti-government mass meet
ing in Tokio this morning re
sulted In serious disturbances. Many
arrests were made and the manifestos
issued by the authorities of the meet
ing were confiscated. Reinforcements
of police were sent everywhere
throughout the city
A resolution introduced In the house
of representatives Wednesday by the
opposition, showing lack of confidence
In the present administration, was to
day rejected by a vote of 133 to 222.
Extreme disorder marked the session
Cabinet Jeered and Cheered.
All the members of the cabinet were
in their seats. While premier Okuraa
and foreign minister Kato defended
the recent negotiations with China,
K. Hara. M Inukai and H. Ogawa at
tacked them. The resolution as in
troduced charged the cabinet with
having failed in the negotiations with
China from the beginning, with hav
ing aroused the suspicions of foreign
powers and with "having harmed the
prestige of the empire.
Hoots, Jeers and wordy 'altercations
punctuated the speeches delivered to
day, but the ovations' for premier
Okuma and minister Kato smothered
the cries of the opposition.
CAPT. HOOD WILL COMWvJVD
THE DREID OUGHT TEXAS
Washington. D C June 3. Secretary
Daniels today designated Capt. John
Hood of the naval general board to
command the dreadnought Texas, suc
ceeding Capt, A. W. Grant, recently as
signed to the command of the Atlantic
submarine flotilla. Capt. W. L. Rogers,
commanding the battleship Delaware,
iwll succeed Capt. Hood as a member
of the board.
SERIN TO.. II
U. S. Will Deal With bat
One German Contention;
Wilson Works on Note.
Washington, D. C, June 3. President
Wilson worked most of today on the
new note to Germany, following Ger
many's reply to the American note on
the Lusitanla. Incident.
The facts upon which the German
government asked agreement, it is now
practically certain, will be treated by
the note as irrelevant, with one excep
tion. It is understood that the note
mil restate that the Lusitanla was on
a peaceful cruise, did not resist cap
ture, and was unarmed. All the other
points raised by Germany are deemed
irrelevant under the laws of nations.
W 111 Germany Safeguard PaseeDgeraf
The purpose of the United States In
the new note will be to discover
whether Germany will In the future, on
encountering unarmed vessels of any
nationality, transfer passengers and
crew to places of safety, should a ves
sel carrying contraband be certain of.
condemnation in a prize court, and
therefore be subject to destruction.
Prove Lnsltania Unarmed.
It was reiterated at the state depart
ment today that while affidavits filed
there by the German embassy, contend
ing that the Lusitanla was armed, had
been carefully considered, the proof of
the United States that the Lusitania
was unarmed was beyond question.
None of the signers, in the opinion of
officials, could have made as searching
an investigation as did cnstoms in
spectors who were SDecificallv orriei-Ari
' to examine decks of vessel uid t hlr
J holds for the one thing the presence
No- J3xnloalve Aboard.
Had there, been "explosree" aboard,
officials say. clearance woVijd hare been
refused. Before tire Lusftania sailed
all such facts were in possession of
the American government.
(Ammunition for small arms has
never been classed as "explosives" by
the American state department.)
Count Bernstorff. the German ambas
sador, conferred briefly with secretary
Bryan today but would not discuss the
subject of his visit. j
GERMAN SOLDIERS SHOW
ILL FEELING TOWARD U. S.
Rotterdam, Holland. June -I Ger
man soldiers are beginning to show
ill feeling toward the United States,
and it is finding expression in their
treatment of American newspaper men,
according to the Nieuwe RoUerdarasche
Courant's correspondent with the Ger
man forces on the French front. He
"I visited a battery of howitzers,
and as was my custom, passed around a
handful of cigars to the artillerymen.
To xnT astonishment, every man re
fused them. This was a thing unheard
of before, but I put it down to shyness
until I learned a few hours later that
they had mistaken me for an Ameri
can. "At headquarters were several Amer
ican newspaper men. The corps com
mander Invited us all to dinner. One
of the Americans sat next to a major,
with whom he discussed the war
throughout the dinner. When they
arose from the table the major said
he wished to give the American a small
souvenir of their meeting Thereupon
he carefully took from his pocket two
splinters of a shell, which he presented
to the correspondent without com
ment." GERMANY ANXIOUS TO KEEP
FRIENDLY TERMS WITH U. S.
Berlin, Germany. June s The Ger
man government seems sincerely anx
ious to maintain friendly relations
with the United States, and would un
doubtedly rejoice over a solution of
the present difficulties compatible with
German Interests. Most of the press Is
In 1,'ne with the foreign office's wish
to abstain from comment which might
Inflame public opinion, but there are a
few firebrands who are continuing to
indulge in caustic utterances on the
situation growing out of the Lusitanla
Incident and the consequent exchange
Amorr these is count von Reventlow,
naval critic of the Tages Zeltung, who
alleges there has been since IS? a se
cret working agreement between the
United States, Great Britain, France
and Russia for Joint action against
Germany He therefore protests against
the slightest concession on the part of
AUSTRIAN'S DESTROY EIGHT
LARGE HOTELS AND WITHDRAW
Verona. Italv. June I Austrian
troops are withdrawing from their po-
sitions along the Fiemme valley (part
i of the valley of the river Aviso to
we nortneast or Trent). They nave
destroyed the health resort of San Mar
tlno de Castrozza. This village con
tained eight Iaige hotels, six belong
ing to Germans and two to Italians.
TOUR AMER1CVNS U1RD
Ottawa. OnL, June 3 A list of
casualties in the first Canadian divis
ion, issued today, contains 251 names
of those killed or who died of wounds,
and those wounded, missing or suffer
ing from gas poisoning Most of these
casualties apparently were incurred
between May 26 and 21
Four Americans appear: Privates
Wm. Blaine, Hope, N J- and Howard
James Wilson, Houston. Texas, wound
ed; privates Geo. McEldownle, Philadel
phia, and Harry Phillips, Brooklyn,
a New Form of Government: A "Limited
IS IB BUTTLE
Barricaded in House, Mrs.
Bowers Fights Pluckily
Until Help Arrives.
SIX ARE KILLED
Bandits Destroy Railroad
Bridges and Plunder
NOGALBS. ARIZ, June 3. One
American woman, barricaded in
a ranch house, stood off five
Mexican bahdlts Wednesday until help
arrived, according to reports which
reached the border today.
Mrs. I. K Bowers, wife of a rancher
at Noria. Sonera, in the absence of her
husband, protected herself and their
home until Villa scouts, attracted bv
firing, drove the bandits awav She
was reported today as still barricaded
m the house. Her husband was at Aetia
Zarca. 12 miles south of here, where his
automobile broke down. Previous re-
ports were tnat ne was with nts wile,
and that both were fighting.
Six Ktlledhi Bandits.
WttsMw 1jSBrjMusMg irr fF
territory' VetweeH&FMta and Querobabi,
in whleh many Americans reside. In a
fight Tuesday night at the railroad
station at Querobabi five Vi.la soldie-s
and one Carranza adherent were killed.
Three railroad bridges have ben de
stroyed in the territory where the ban
dits are operating.
Vo Suffering, Sayn Maytorena.
Jose Maytorena. governor of Sonora.
declined to make any comment on ha
warning of president Wilson until be
had received an official copy of the
text Maytorena denied, however, there
was any suffering among the popula
tion of the territory considered to be
controled by htm. The wheat crop of
HermoBtllo. he said, soon would be har
vested and yield about 1900 carloads.
Maytorena also stated that he was
sending additional troops to La Colo
rado and the Yaqul valley to protect
Americans and other foreigners in thesa
U. S. STEEL CD.
Corporation Is Not in Viola
tion of Sherman Anti
trust Act, Verdict.
Trenton, N J, June 3. Decision In
the government's' suit to dissolve the
United States Steel corporation wa
filed In the United States district court
this afternoon. It held that the corpor
ation should not be dissolved. The
principal points in the court's decision
It refuses to issue any injunction.
It holds the foreign trade of the
Steel corporation is not In violation
of the Sherman law.
It holds certain price fixing agree
ments, which followed the Gary
dinners, but which stopped before
the bill was filed, to have been un
lawful It allows the government to move
to retain Jurisdiction If such price
fixing practices are renewed, but
suggests such matters may now be
(Contlnned on Pace 2, Col. 4).
While away from home on your sum
mer vacation, you will want to know
something late about Mexico; in order
that you may talk intelligently and
give the facts up to date, it will be
necessary for the Kl Paso Herald to
follow you on your vacation trip.
Just All out the coupon below and
send It to us today?;
El Paso Herald,
Bl Paso, Texas.
Kindly send the Herald dally
(We will mall a statement for
the above subscription on the
day we send the first copy of.
WINS VE CT
AMERICANS GIVE AID
TO AUSTRIAN SCHOOL
ji UmKmJ J JO P
MRS. FREDERICK C. PENrTELD.
lenna, Austria Mrs Frederick C. Penfietd, wife of the American ambassa
dor to Vienna, is very popular here. She has just sent 1000 crowns ($269) to
archduke Stephen to assist in supjiortinp; his school for invalids.
The cardinal of Vienna has received $31,256 from Americans of Austrian
RUSSIANS FIDE TBDDED0 SINKS
20 Dl ILLS; TURK TRANSPORT
Berlin. Germany, June 3 News from
the Oalldan front concerning the re
treat of .the Russians indicates that
they fired and destroyed 20 or more
great crude oil wells, as well as a num
bers of wells from which naphtha is
derived In the oil producing region be
tween Boryslaw and Dropbbycz. lying
to the west of Stry It is estimated
that 8io tons of oil was destroyed.
Although the fires have been brought
under control by the Austrian and
German troops, the whole territory is
covered with a pall of smoke.
The Russians had been using the
wells for the production of Illuminating
oil. benzine and grease They are said
to have spared the English and French
The Austro-German forces recaptured
the mineral warn mines at Boryslaw.
the only ones In Europe. Their annual
product is valned at WW.OOO.
San Marino, Smallest
War Against Austria
Amsterdam. Holland. June 3. An
agency dispatch received here from
Lugano, Switzerland, says that San
Marino, the little republic on the
Adriatic, entirely surrounded bv Italian
territory, has officially - -oved the
Italian attitude toward Austria, and
has declared Itself to be In a state of
San Marino has- an area of 22 square
miles. It is on a high mountain, nine
miles from Rimini, and dominates the
Adriatic sea. It has been contended ,
that If San Marino remained neutral
Austrian aeroplanes could In time of j
need, take refuge there, repair, take on i
new supplies, and then return to their I
own country I
London. Eng- June 3 British sub
marine, operating In the sea, of Mar
mora, torpedoed a large Turkish trans
port In Pandemia bay Wednesday
This announcement was given out of
ficially in London today as having been
received from the vice admiral in com
mand ax the Dardanelles. It is said
also that this submarine was one of
several operating in these waters.
To enter the sea of Marmora, the
British submarine was obliged to pen
etrate the Dardanelles straits for Its
entire length, running the danger of
beljkg blown up by mines with which
the straits are strewn, not to mention
the hazard of the shore batteries in
case the presence .of the hostile sub
marine in the straits was ascertained.
Italians Torpedo Ships.
Geneva. Switzerland, June 1. News
dispatches received here declare two
Italian torpedo boats early Wednesday
morning entered the gulf of Trieste,
sank two merchant vessels and dam
agade an Austrian auxiliary cruiser.
FRANCE'S WAR COST
IS 24 BILLION FRANCS
Paris. France, June 3.Aleiandre F.
Rlbot, the French minister of finance,
today introduced a bill in the chamber
of deputies, calling for the appropria
tion or 5,SM,M francs additional for
the requirements in the third quarter
of the present year.
M. Rlbot presented with the bill
memoranda showing that the extraord
inary aprpoprlations since the wa be
gan. Including the estimates for the
third quarter of 191 5, would amount to
22.009.0O9.000 franca If one included
the appropriations already made when
th: war began for the last five months
of1914, the total, the finance minister
said. 'would rise to .'4 000 000.000 francs
for the 14 months ending September 3.
Hammering By Great Can'
non Reduces Fortification
and Auslrians IVm.
OUT OF DANGER
Russian Army Falling BacQ
and May Lose Lemberg,
LONDON, Eng, June J. Turnlnff
the Russians' own cannon against
them, the Austro-German army
today recaptured t&e great fortress o
Przemysl, In northern Galicia, at the
end of a 29 day bombardment. The
capture was effected at 3 '30 oclock this
morning It ts not known whether
many Russians were captured. The
presumption Is that the main part of
the garrison escaped.
When the Russians were forced to
abandon some of the outer positions,
rhev had no time to deatrov the guns.
which, on falling into the Auetro-Ger-man
hands were turned by their new
owncza. "irr the inner fortifications.
sajar a amtdt to the fagjiapjge Tele
gTsrpti wiawiaity from Copenhagen.
It la MMaititoud. tlfe "dfepatc- adds,
that the ustrtan railway officials,
the police and municipal authorities
and others who few from Przenrvsl
when the fortress capitulated to the
Russians, have now gathered at Cra
cow, ready to return to their captured
Cracow In Out of Danzer.
The capitulatioi of Przemysl
must be ascribed to the ef
fectiveness of this artillery onslaught.
The occupation of the fortress by the
ustztans will remove the danger of the
Russian threat against Cracow, and it
is now feared Rnss.a may lose Lera
bent When the Russian starved out the
Austrian garrison at Przemysl, they did
it slowly and svstematically conserving
the lives of their men as much as possi
ble. The method which the Austro
German troops hav e been emnloyins; re
cently to accomplish the same end has
been entirelv different. Their expen
diture in men and ammunition has per
haps outdone anv thin' in this war. sot
even excepting the German rushes for
Calais and the terrible struggles along
the Tser river
Russian SIes;e Wa Lonjr,
Przemvsl was surrendered to the Rus
sian investing army by its defending
garrison March 22 after a siege which;
began Sept. 2. 1914 It was the longest
siege in modern history, and the sur
render was due. according to statements
at the time, to famine in the besieged
fortress. A last desperate assault by
the Austro-Hunganans. in an attempt
to break through the enemy's lines, pr--ceded
the capitulation. Russian official
reports gave the total of ustro-Hun-garian
prisoners at nine generals. 20
other officers and 125.00 men. Austnai
official reports reduced these figures
more than half Great quantities of mu
nitions, including COO big guns and
other equipment fell into Russian hands.
Przemysl 1 Important.
The strategic importance of Przemvsl
Is considered great, as it guards The
way to Cracow and the Carpa'sian
Przemysl. prior to its capitulation,
was commanded by Gen. Kusmanek.
When the siege was opened by the Rus
sian army under Gen Radko Dmitneff.
the Russians demanded the surrender of
the fortress but met wifh a stern re
buff. Gen. Kusmanek wrote a curt and
dignified note, stating he considered it
beneath his own dignity and the dig
nity of a Russian general to discuss the
surrender of the fortress before It hart
exhausted all Its powers of endurance.
ew ttaek on Warsaw.
Another feature of the fighting on
the eastern front is the new attack on
Warsaw .-veitier the Russians nor he
British newspapers are able to say
whether the rerewed battering of the
Russian line between the Pillea and the
Vistula is a serious cne to break
through the Polish cap.taL or a move
timed to prevent the Rassians from
rushing reinforcements to their hara
pressed troops in Galicia. But whatever
the motive, the assault has been violent
and in force along a front of about 25
miles, the hardest pressure being to
bear on the Russians along the Bzu-a
and the Rawka) rivers
Geraiana Destroy Observation Post,
The German army headquarters at
Berlin today gave out the following;
"Western theater of war- A battle
developed in the v illage of Hooge. three
kilometers east of Ypres, which had
been stronglv fortified by the British.
The battle took a course favorable for
' We found ourselves obliged to de
stroy the tower of the church of St.
Martin, in Ypres. on which enemy ar
tillery observation posts had been dis
covered. Renewed Fighting at Arras.
"In the district north of Arras, fight
ing Is again very lively. On the Sou-chez-Neuv
ille front, and to the south,
the French repeatedly began exten
sive attacks during the afternoon and
night, leaditg in certain places to bit
ter hand to hand fighting.
"The French suffered heavy losses
(Ceattaaed on raze 2. Cat. 3).
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