13 Iao aad "West Texas, fair; "Sewr
Mexico and Arizona, seaeraJlx fair
EL PASC. TEXAS. FRIDAY EVENING. JUNE 4. 191 5. delivered antwhere m cents a month. 16 PAGES TWO SECTIONS TODAY.
LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
SINGLE COPT FIVE CENTS.
ZAR'S ARMY HITS FOE NEAR PRZEM YS
Vx an bank notes. 12 4 Mexican
T K 9 Chihuahua currency, 34
- mx currency. Bar silver (Handy
H irmon quotation) 494 Copper. 1.8
. urain higher Livestock, rteady
uik strong. v
ur ii l.j.""
President's Dictum Is Com
pleted But'Has Not Been
Fully Approved. -
GOES TO BERLIN
Will Inform Germany of the
Sentiment Now Prevalent
In United States.
WASHINGTON. D. CL, June 4.
Ambassador Gerard at Berlin
cabled the state department
tuda a note from the German govern
ment agreeing to pay an Indemnity for;
the d&majre dniut hr Rmmn tnih-
narine to the American steame.r Gulf-
lic-ht tnrnM.n.-H ntf th. isllv l.l.nH.
The German government recently ac-
krowledged responsibility for the Gulf-
light incident, asserting the submarine
-umiuiuiuer aiiacKoa me American snip
bj mistake. Germany said the officer
laiieo. to taKe note of the American
Reparation tendered by Germany in
tne case of the Gulflight disposes of
one incident narrated in the American
note following the Lusitania incident.
but Ieaes unsettled Use main conten
tion of the United States that sub
marine warfare must be conducted
guarding the Hves of neutrals.
sole Is Completed.
President Wilson's second note to
Germany in this regard was completed
today and read to the cabinet. There
were some indications afterward that
the note had not been finally dis
"We reached no final conclusion
about anything," said one.
In answer to -questions, secretary
- . OU B4MU .
T cannot divulge anything ttm hot.. !
pens in cabinet meetings.' i
To Tranimilt Ante Promptly .
The note may be dispatched to Ber-
lin late tonight or Saturday No ar- I
rangements have yet been made as to 1
the time when it will be made public
"line uuu&e DMlcnu saia todav tb-t 1
w hile the president had penned the n6te
himself, he had consulted with secretary
v.! .o uryau over ine principles and
German Agent Leaver.
While the president and cabinet were
discussing the note, a German agent
ns on his way to Berlin to present a
first hand report of the interview which
count Bernstorff, the German ambassa
dor, had Wednesday with president Wil
son. Officials at the German embassy re
fused to discuss that development, but
it became known authoritatively that
Meyer Gerhard, who sailed from New
York Thursday for Copenhagen, Ben
mark on the steamer United States
with a guarantee of safe condact ob
tained by the American government
from the allies, is the man. ,
The German embassy agent is entrust
ed it is understood, with the mission
of informing Berlin officials regarding
the feeling in the I'mted States regard
ing the I.usitania incident and the ex
change of notes, and especially to lay
before the German goernment the sub
stance of ambassador Berastorffs con--rsition
with president Wilson. Lack
of cable communications with Germany
has made it impossible for the embassy
h re to jiroperlj inform the Imperial
government of late developments.
hat Noe -.VIII Say.
The principle which is to be placed
S4uaiely before Germany In such a way
as to elicit either an affirmative or
negative answer was stated in the
American government's last note as fol
lows: "The lives of noncombatants. whether
the be of neutral cit-zensaip or citi
zens of one, of the nations at war. caa-
rioc law fully or rightfully be placed in
jeopardy by the capture ox destruction.
of an unarmed raerccanttnan." and "the?
imperial government must recognize al
so, rs all other nations do. the n1!ga
tion to take the usual precautions of
A is:t and search "
May Acknowledge Mlnlake.
In view of the statement in the Ger
man i ote that reliable nformafion was
at hand to the effect that the Lusltania
was armed, the American government
Intent's to re-state that it made full and
searching investigation before the Lust- I
tana sailed and that its good faith is
pledged to the assertion that no guns,
i ltlier mounted or unmounted, were car
ried bj the vessel. In j-nany quarters
it was believed Germany might find a
way out of dilemma by accepting the
statement of the United States govern
ment as superseding its own informa
tion and acknowledging its mistake.
Bears Guarantler of Allies.
New York, June 4. Meyer Gerhard,
w ho is understood to be the agent am
bassador Bernstorff is sending to Ber
lin, sailed Thursday 'aboard the steamer
United States for Copenhagen, it became
known here today.
Official documents bearing the em
bassy or consular seals of Great Britain,
Russia and France, (riving him guaran
ties again-1 molestation by officers of
the allied warships while on the way
"were in his possession.
Mr Gerhard registered under his own
name, giving his home as New York
cit. Whether he is an American citi
zen was unknown.
BRITONS ANGER AMERICAN SKIPPER
Victory or Defeat Depends
on Men in Workshops, De
Manchester. Ens.. June 4. "The Ger
mans won their successes In the east
by concentrating 20,0e shells on a
field of battle. If the Same amount
of ammunition had been concentrated
on the Germans in the west, they would
have been driven out of France and
half way across Belgium."
This was the utterance of David
LJot d-Georse. the new minister of mu
nitions, in emphasizing to employers
of the engineering trades and trade
unionists Thursday night, the impera
tive need of Great Britain for greater
production of munitions of war.
Victory Depends on Munitions.
. He added:
"1 come as an emissary of state to
carry the most urgent message eTer
told to the ears of a Manchester audi
ence. Our country is fighting for its
i ' lor the liberties of Europe; and
I QDOII What it does. UDOH What it ia
prepared to sacrifice, depends " the J
"II depends more upon the masters
" vw.iiA ... ....., nv.-
anvps uraii uiiuu anj port, ui me cos
munlty whether Geat Birtain will
. etnerze 7 from this colossal Rtrusrfrfe
' beaten. 'humtltAteri. RfrlnnoH nf hr !
power, honor and influence and a mere
bond slave of cruel military yrranny.
or wneuer it win come out triumph'
ant. free and more nowcrful tbar. vr
, for good in the affLrs of men.
F Itn-.l.n Setback ..--..
exneeted to- malr sairtflNut rw. T?na.
j Man allies have suffered a, severe set
back. TJie Germans have achieved a.
great success, not because of the su
perior valor of their soldiers or
stategy of their generals. The Ger
man triumphs are due entirely to su
perior equipment, an overwhelming su
periority of shot and shell aad muai-
tions and equipment. It was a battle
,"won by the use they made of their
sKiuea .industries, and especially by the
superior organization of German work-
"Tw' hundred thousand shells were
concentrated In the fighting. If the
samea'nount of ammunition had been
conce,,trated on the Germans in the
w.esi tney 'BrouI.1 hve been driven out
. . . . r"" .i1"' "J ft"a uctaa-
TWO WELSH TRAWLERS SUNK;
SAILORS KILLED BY SHELLS
London. Eng.. June 4 Several mm
were killed by German shells when the
Welsh trawler Victoria was sunk oy a
submarine 135 miles from St. Ann's
Mead. .Members of the rescued crrw
sam mp aiiacK came from the subraa
,hno1,T;34,K.T5,e.ra.of J. !
thought the first shot came from
Then a shot smash d a mali hnat ,?
the crew realized that the submarine J
-.--. .w. ,c uaniu. A ly OI li WAS
put on tne bridge and the crew pro
ceeded to lash a life raft together for
use in case of necessity.
Another shot struck the bridge, kill
ing the boy. Then the skipper cam
forward and was talking to a-member
of the crew when a shell killed both of
A piece of shrapnel struck the wlt-?-i,0n
the "1? aBd tne he an still
SS.ti'SKIIlew ott the IeKs of the
mate or the ship and injured two other
,Jl?Jnen ihen scrambled onto the rart
Th! sobln,arl' pulled them aboard.
,hif!c?.r ot "" submarine, according
to the witness, told them that if they
fired th6y WOUW noave beeS
AUSTRO-GERMANS ARE NOW
MOVING AGAINST 1EMBERG
Vienna, Austria. June 4. Now that
rrxemysj has been captured, the Vustro
Gan -army of Gen. Mackenzen is
J? ng ?stward 'asainst Lemberg.
Gallcla. The Russians are expected to
take a strong position, consisting aartl v
of a chain of lakes sthn.ir . iii. . .
It Is thought, however, that these po
rttlons will prove untenable because
Jen. Linshigen,' having crossed the
Dneister. to the west of Mlkolajow, will
likely cut the communications with
The Austro-German plan of operation
against Lemberg apparently is the
same against PrzemysL They are ex
pected to throw a column on both sides
of the city and then Dress for seme H-
tance beyond it. In the meantime this
movement seems to threaten the Rus
sians fighting- around Nadworna with a
loss of contact with the main body.
SWEDISH STEAMER SINKS;
TORPEDOED, IS BELIEF
London, Eng, June 4. The Evening
Standard says the Swedish steamer
Lapland was sunk Thursday night at a
point 53' miles off Peterhead, a seaport
of eastern Scotland. No submarine was
sighted, but Capt. Peterson said he be
lieved the vessel was torpedoe I.
BREAK WITH GERMANY,
PORTUGAL'S PRESS URGES
Lisbon. Portugal. June 4. Protesting
vehemently against the sinking of two
Portuguese ships by German subma
rines, the press of Portugal demands.
that the government immediately sever
diplomatic relations wit? Germany.
Call a Taste of Western Hosuitalitv, New
Says Ship, Duly Certified, Is
Part Of Cargo Is Seized By
Authorities, Despite the
. ' Certification.
EW YORK. June 4. George Cor-
nehl. captain of the American
steamer Anttlla. brought his
vessel into port today from Copenhagen
with a vigorous complaint against the
treatment accorded him by the British
authorities, who detained him, 5$ days
OP. his outward voyage. Cant. "ornehl
Is a naturalized American of German
He sailed from New York in . eb
ruary with a cargo for weden and
Denmark, which was loaded he asserts,
under the inspection of the British con
sul general, who gave him a certificate.
"1 " "n into Airinrtli ana ae-
, "'fg i' aZZ'lJ,T,a,l ST? ?,.,
I ?ar ". . as.erted. station'' at his
ure uiu nut ui me irKO lun on.
On the return trip. Capt. Comehl
said, he was detained two and - half
hours us a. British cruiser.
TCB.XEH. UNIONS URGE
111I.SOX TO KEEP PEACE
IndianaDolis. Ind., June 4. German
American jrymnasts protested Thurs
day against- a possible breach of rela
tions between the United States and
Germany when the national executive
committee or the North American Gym
nastic union sent a message to presi
dent Wilson saying:
"We would consider it the greatest
calamity in the historv of oar republic
If present negotiations would lead to
ooen rupture with Germany .in the face
of repeated evidence "of that govern
ment's true friendship fox our couhtry "
The union has about SS.SW members
in 118 Turner societies, in America.
COUNTESS INSULTS GERMAN
OFFICERi IS IHPntoivmi
,1,A A . .u t.a.1 .. A , . .
Amsterdam, Holland. June 4. Be
cause she publicly Insulted a German
officer, the 16 year old countess Helene
Dardey has been sentenced to three
? JisPatch: which adds tht the
uiuiiius imprisonment. accordinE- to a
girl's grandmother was also sentenced
to three months imprisonment for com-
.'....a.,.. .,. .1,13 Wti.Cll;C
ALLIES TAKE NO INDEPENDENT
ACTION IN WAR, IS AGREEMENT
Tokio Janan Jttn. i TTn,..tl(m .t
I ister Kato. interpelated in the house
or peers today by the budget commit
tee, made the declaration that Great
Britain, France, Russia. Italy and Japan
had agreed to take no independent ac
tion of any kind in connection with
the European war.
NORWEGIAN SHIP TORPEDOED.
London, Kng.. June 4. The Nor
wegian steamship Cubano was tor
pedoed and sunk Thursday off the
Flannan islands. The crew jvas landed
in the Hebrides, a group oflslands off
Tie War At a Gl
AVING captured Przemysl. the
Austro-German forces are
maintaining their offensive
with unusual speed along the Gall
cian front. The troops which broke
through the Russian line at Stry
are Bushing northward rapidly. A
statement from the Russian war of
fice contains the admission that In
the region beyond the Dneister river
the Austro-German army has ad
vanced along the Tismenltza-Stry
Germani Are Cot Off
..A Petrograd dispatch states that
the German forces which captured
Libau, In Russia, on the Baltic some
time ago has been isolated. Rus
sian forces are said to have cut
off the Germans from their base at
Memel. east Prussia, while other
Russian troops have appeared from
the north and south, so that onl'
communication with Libau now Is
from the east.
The Vienna war department states
that the Italians have bombarded
Austrian fortifications at several
points without success.
Stagnation In West
Conditions are virtually station-
, ary along the western front, so far
as is known from the official com
munications. Slight gains In the
district north of Arras are reported
by the French.
SmedUh Ship Torpedoed
The Swedish steamer Lappland
was sunk Thursday off the coast
of Scotland. Although no subma
rine was sighted, the captajn ex
pressed the opinion that the vessel
was torpedoed. All on board were
"X-' A -'U S . T & I A
Tfcfe chief forces, both of the Italian and Aastro-Gennan armies, are reported to be massed in the valley of the Adige
river, through which the military experts say the easiest route of invasion is to be found for either side seetong to pass the
mountain barrier. The- Aiige, as shown by the map, runs south to Verona and thence east -to the Adriatic sea.
To the Dorthwest, a score of miles from the Swiss border, is shown the pass from Pejo to Ponte do legno, through
which Austrian frontier guards passed before they were driven back by the Italians.
North of Trieste, just across the border, is Corizia, a railway center, guarding the connection leading to Trieste and
the Austrian naval base at Pola. Experts say that the country west of Gorizia. affords facility for an Italian invasion in
Florence, the capital of Italy, and Bologna, headquarters of the general staff, are shown toward the lower center of
Interstate Commerce Com
mission Asks Facts Of
Alleged Stock Deal.
Washington, D. C June 4. Appoint
ment of a receiver last April for the
Chicago, Book Island and Pacific Kail
road company was taken up before the
Interstate Commerce commission today
attthe Investigation into the road's fi
Robert P. Lamont, president of the
American Steel Foundries company of
Chicago, testified his company peti
tioned for the Hock Island receiver, not
for fear it could not collect $15,ee due
it. but because Silas IL Strawn. a Chi
cago attorney, whom Mr. Lamont pre
sumed was acting for Rock Island at
torneys, requested him to do so.
Roberts Walker ot New York, con
nected with the Rock Island in various
legal capacities, testified he asked
Strawn to get some creditorlto sign the
petition which he himself had drafted
at the direction of W. H. Moore, T. M.
Schumacher and F. L. Hlne, other di
rectors of the company.
Hoped to Evade Receivership.
Samuel Untcrmyer, representing N. L.
Amster of Boston, a director, led Walk
er to tell how the Rock Island on March
31 borrowed tl.SOO.040 of the Bankers'
Trust company on collateral.plus the
personal guaranty of Daniel G. Held,
GOING ON A F1SHNG
TRIP THIS SUMMER ?
No matter where you go, the Herald
will follow you and keep you posted on
what Is doing in Kl Paso. Mexico, ana
the entire Southwest You will not
want to fish, bathe, dance and play all
the time; you long for news from
home and if you don't get The Herald,
you won't have it
r . COUPON
El Paso Herald,
Kl Paso, Texas.
Kindly send the Herald daily
To ....... Y
(We will mall a statement for
the above subscription R the
day we send the first copy of i
AUSTRO - ITALIAN CONFLICT
WASHINGTON, T. C. June 4.
Bmperor Nicholas, of Russia,
has responded favorably aad
cordially to president Wilson's personal
letter conveying a request by Austria
that provision be made for Inspecting
Siberian camps, where Austrian pris
oners of war are held.
Following unsuccessful negotiations
through the usual diplomatic channels.
Dr. Constantin Dumba. the Austrian
ambassador here, asked president Wil
son, about two months ago. to send a
personal letter to emperor Nicholas.
The request was the result of a report
that Austrian prisoners were not get
ting proper treatment. The Austrian
government asked that inspection be
made by American Red Cross agents.
Ogden Mills. Wm. H. Moore, James Mc
Lean and Arthur C James. Walker said
the money was borrowed in hope of car
rying the road along until after the
directors meeting. He prepared a peti
tion for receivership on March 9, so as
to have it ready. If the loan did not go
.ini,?llti(r With Collateral.
. "Why did you take that collateral
away from the receiver if It was not
to 'rig" up the stock market and take
up the stock from IS to 9 in ten days,
and then let it drop to 21 in a single
day?" asked Mr. Untermyer.
Walker denied that was his purpose.
"Did you ever hear of any more out
rageous deal than this? demanded
"Ton have overlooked the fact that
four new directors Were to be elected
on April 12 and we thought It but fair
to allow them a voice In meeting the
situation." responded Mr. Walker.
Sold UN Oni Stock.
"But you sold your own stock for 25
about this time?" suggested Mr. Unter-
Mr. Walker testified that he did.
Under cross examination as to those
responsible for his position with the
Rock Island, Mr Walker said that ho
regarded W. H. Moore. F. L. Hine and
Daniel TS. Reld and "others" as in con
trol. He told of being paid SMM a
year as general counsel and chairman
of the executive board.
"I was their work horse and was
driven as they desired." waa the wsy
Walker described his work.
NEW ARIZONA RAILROAD
TO ISSUE $675,000 B0IDS
Phoenix, Ariz., June 4 An applica
tion for permission to Issue ?5,0O0
worth of stock and the same amount of
bonds has been made to the corporation
commission by the Tucson. Cornelia and
uiia, cena itaiiroaa company, a Hear
ing will be held at an early date. The
organteeni of the company subscribed
for UJi,0a worth of stock, or $100 for
each taite of the proposed road.
T MI'S U5h
The answer, delayed because of ab
sence of the emperor from Petrograd,
was brought here today by Ray Baker,
private secretary to ambassador Marye.
Six months ago. on what was regard
ed as authoritative permission, an
American Red Cross expedition started
from Pekln, China, for Siberia, to make
the inspection. Then came a protest
from Russia and the expedition was
Prinoner 111 Treated.
Reports reached Austria, it Is under
stood, that Austrian prisoners of war
are being kept in the most miserable
conditions, inasmuch as they were re
mote from centers of population. Sibe
ria has for many years been regarded
as a place of terrors, to which Russian
political prisoners were banished.
FORD COMPANY DECLARES
$48,000,000 STOCK DIVIDEND
Derolt MielL, June 4. The Ford Mo
tor company announced today that it
has Increased Its authorised capital
from ?t.0,m to Iloa.thM, And has
declared a stock dividend of 24M00.0OS.
payable July 1.
A cash dividend was declared on the
original stock of ,00. but the
amount was not made public. The
stock dividend Increases the holdings
of Henry FonL. president of the com
pany. J 17,840. 00. James Cousens, vice
president, receives SS.-OOO.WO.
The stoek Increase brings the issued
capital stock of the concern to a valu
ation of JM.000.000. The remaining
9,v,vw, was announces, will re
main In the company's treasury "to be '
used as conditions tn the future de
PRUSSIAN LOSSES ALONE
REACH 1,288,000 TOTAL
Amsterdam. Holland. Jnne 4. The
Telegrmaf states that, according to Gar-
I man casualty lists, Prussian losses
alone have reached a total of 1.38S.M0
Recent casualty lists contain the
names of it airmen, of whom 11 were
killed. 25 wounded and ten mlselng.
Want the Herald Always
Walk Walla, Waslu, May ST, 1915.
Editor 1 Paso Herald:
Enclosed please find eneek hi paysseat of renewal of par sanscriptioa to
The Herald. We bone to read Tie Herald as knur as our sight win permit us
to read print Yours respectfully, Sarah G Tntte.
Yorkers Call a Do
The Teutons Drive Hard In
Strong Effort to Clear the
Russians from Galicia.
Russians Still Hold Forts
East of Przemysl Against
AUSTRO- HUNGARIAN Field Head
quarters. June 4. According to
Information given out- by the
Anstro-Hnogarian military authorities.
heatjy fighting is now In progress along
virtually the entire Gallcian front, and
the general situation is very favorable
to the Austro-Germans. A decisive
conclusion to the entire Russian, cam
paign in Galicia is in sight
Russians Launch Attack.
"The Russian rear guards," the state
ment to the press says, "are fighting
delaying action soU, a tha Dneister
" assJast the Asatoa-Serman forces
advancing from Stry to cover the pas
age of the river. The Russians north
of Przemysl are launching a series of
most desperate attacks against Gen von
Mackensen's army. Here they are mak
ing use of new reserves, and at the same
tune they are everting heavy Dressnre
-against the troops commanded by arch-
aoKe josepn erainana Jn the'tnanglo
between the river San and the ruer
"The Russian offensive in southeast
ern GalicU designed to relieve this sit
uation has been a complete failure."
How Przemysl Was Taken.
Przesuysrs recapture by Austrian and
Bavarian troops, according to details
received from the front resulted from
the capture of five forts in the northern
sector and simultaneous attacks on the
forts south and west
The forts on the north side In the
possession of the besiegers, with a Ba
varian corps pressing impetuously
through the breach against the city
aad with the Austrian lth army corps
within storming distance of the south
em and western forts, which artmery
fire already had reduced sufficiently
for attack, the Russians decided to
evacuate tbtt town and all the forts ex
cept tbose 4n the eastern and south
eastsca sectors. This movement was
executed by the Russians Wednesday
The Bavarians resumed their attacks
at dawn on Thursday and entered
Przemysl upon the heels of the retir
Some Fortx Still. Held.
The Austrian 10th army corps simul
taneously started toward the west and
south fronts, but found the forts thera
had been evacuated- An attack is now
in progress against the forts still held
by the Russians, those positions being
defended apparently with the object of
covering the retirement ot the Rus
sians. IMPOSSIBLE TO HOLD
PRZEMYSL, SAYS RUSSIA
Petrograd. Russia, June 4 Russ'aa
troops on the front to the north and to
the west of the fortress of Przem -I
evacuated their positions Wednesday
night after all the materials taken from
the Austnans, had been removed, ac
cording to an official statement issn. d
last night by the Russian general staff.
It is e -plained that after the capture
Jaroslau and Radymno by the Austro
German forces, they began to spread
along the west bank of the San. mak
ing the defence of Przemysl a difficult
task. Russian leaders contend they
realised from the first that Prxemsl
was incapable of defending itself, -ind
they remained there only as long is it
served their purpose. The positions oc
cupied around Przemysl extended the
Russian front by about 24 miles and the
troops occupying them were exposed
a concentrated artillery fire.
rilBMIKIt VSHUlTU FINISHES
VISIT TO TUB TRENCHES
British HssWioJsrters in France. June
4. Premier Aeqfith has just brought
to a conclusion a personal visit to the
British front, most of which he visited
In a motor car.
During a tour of four days the pre
mier investigated all phases of the
army In the field, hospitals, baths, fly
ing corps.' etc On a certain bill he
vieewd the trenches and saw shells
bursting. Everywhere the British
troops received him with enthusiasm.
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