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El Paso herald. (El Paso, Tex.) 1901-1931, June 09, 1915, HOME EDITION, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of North Texas; Denton, TX

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88084272/1915-06-09/ed-1/seq-1/

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in bink Botes 18 Mexican pesos,
huahu currency 33 Carrania
in-pr v Vx Bar Silver, i (Handy &
t t on quotations) 4H Copper 20 M
r n higher livestock steady
m ks lower
B Am, fair; New Mexico, fair,
ranntr; Arizona, fair; West Texas, fair,
resident an
Meet In
Bryan, Out Of Office, Says
He Sleeps Soundly First
Time In Months.
President and Former Cab'
inel Associate Exchange
Blessings and Part.
President Wilson and bis
former secretary of stato,
tt illiaro Jennings Bryan, formally
parted shortly after noon today in the
. ourse of a farewell meeting- at the
hite House. Shortly previous, Mr.
BrvanJiad left the state department,
and Robert Lansing, counselor of the
department, had been appointed by the
president as secretary of state ad in
terrm. -Fox. 15 minutes the president and
Mr Bran talked, exchanging -words
of farewell. Cordially, and withoot
ary trace of feeling, the two men dis
r issed the situation -which resulted in
Mr Bryan's resignation. Bach spoke
dispassionately of theirdlff ereacesand .
of the belief of each that the other
i. as doing what he thought best for
the United States.
Finally Mr. Bryan remarked that he
knw the president was a busy man
and that he would not detain him
longer The two men clasped bands. .
God bless you," said each.
Mr Bryan confided to friends today
trat he slept all night Tuesday nighf
for (he first time In months.
Bryan Wouldn't SIcn 3fote
Mr Bryan told his colleague as they
gathered about him in farewell at the
state department that his affection for
president Wilson was unchanged and
that he knew the president felt as
warmly toward him.
Differing not in the object sought
the prevention of war bat in the
Tr-ethod of approaching the problem,
Mr Bryan resigned rather than sign;
his name to the note which states in
unmistakable but emphatio terms the
demands of the cnited States. The note
was signed by Mr. Lansing, who aided
president Wilson in Its preparation.
Mr Bryan told his colleagues as they
gathered about him in farewell that ms
aftection for president Wilson was un
changed and that he knew the presi
dent felt as warmly toward him.
Tears stood in his eyes while friends
commended what they termed his cour
ageous fight for principle and his deter
mination t" eliminate himself rather
than continue in the cabinet as a possi
ble embarrassment to the president.
Failed to Swerve President.
The story to sway the president's
judgment as to the method of dealing
with the situation regarding Germany
fti, as yet untold. He made no effort
to align other members of the cabinet
with him and, -when he came to the
parting of the ways on an lrreeoncili
nble question of principle, he did not
tell his colleagues generally, hoping
that his action to the last would not
produce any complications in the cab
inet W III Support Wilson.
Mr Br an intends to continue a
staunch political supporter of Mr. Wil
son on domestic affairs and believes
he can even assist him in the sentiment
he hopes to build up for the principle of
investigation of disputes before hostili
ties are begun.
Other Members Ready To Quit.
That there had been friction between
the president and Mr. Bryan has been
the undercurrent of comment for sev
eral weeks, but as the president here
tofore bad always been able to secure
the acquiescence of the secretary in his
point of view, talk of resignation was
discounted generally.
It has come to light, however, that
the position of Mr. Bryan in the
cabinet recently has become very em
barrassing his advocacy of peace be
ing so pronounced that ether members
of the cabinet who felt that the United
States should assert itself irrespective
of the consequences, were understood
to have on one occasion declared their
intention of resigning if a policy of
firmness and vigor were not adopted.
Afraid Of War.
Rather than sign the document Which
he believed might possibly draw the
United States into war. Mr. Bryan sub
(Continned on Fare 3, Column One)
Silver City N M-. June S At a hearing
held before judge Colin Neblett, AI Perdue,
an automobile driver, was declared to be
Insane and ordered committed to the state
hospital for the Insane at Las Vegas. Per
due labors under tbe delusion that an "un
seen power" na commanded him to find
a certain skeleton burled la tbe raoastams
north of the cftjr, and a short time ago he
went to the supposed spot and unearthed a
human skeleton.
Tie "War At a Gl;
ANOTHER victory for the Aus-tro-German
armies in Galicia
was announced officially to
day In Berlin. The town of Stanis
Iau has been captured by the Ten
tonic forces In their eastward
,A dispatch from Austrian press
' headquarters to Cologne says the
Russian army in Bukowlna, the
Austrian crownland to the east of
Galicia, has been cut off from the
Russian forces in middle Galicia
and is being pressed eastward.
Unofficial dispatches from Gen
eva say the Russians have won a
victory In eastern Galicia, check
' ing the Austrians and Germans
along the Dniester. This, however,
is not borne out by advices from
Petrograd and Berlin.
Submarine Raider Sunk
One of Germany' submarine
raiders has been sunk and her six
1 officers and 21 men made prisoners
by tbe British.
British Casualties 2WS.OC0
The total of British casualties In
killed, wounded and missing from
the beginning of the war to May
31 was given out by premier
Asquith today as 258,H9.
German Successes In N'ortb
A communication from the Petro
grad war office indicates that the
German army which invaded the
Baltic provinces has won further
successes. Having brought In re
inforcements, the Germans made a
new attack and compelled the Rus
sians to fall back on the town of
Double in the province of Kovno.
Another Transport Sinks
The loss of another ship- by the
'allies at the- Dardanelles is an
nounced in an official report from
Constantinople. It is said a trans
port was struc' by a shell and set
,on fire and that later it sank. The
report does not state whether it
was a British or French transport,
or whether there was loss of life.
The landing of new troops on
Gallipoli peninsula by the allies is
reported from Athens.
The British steamer Lady Salis
bury has been sunk by a German
Berlin. Germany. June 9 The Gali
clan town of Stanislau has been cap
tured by the Austrians according to
the official statement issued by the
German army headquarters today.
Stanislau Is 75 miles southeast of Lera
berg, the Galician capital.
A dispatch from the Austrian press
headquarters on the eastern front
states that the Russian army in buko
wlna. which has been strengthened by
portions of the detachments already
defeated at Kaluza, eastern Galicia,
has been fully cut off from the middle
Galician forces of the Russians and is
being driven back eastward.
New Orleans, La.. June 8. United
States attorney Guion today caused the
arrest of Hans Halle and George Sum
mers on charges of conspiring to ship
explosives not properly marked The
police say Halle admitted preparing a
huge clock bomb with the intention of
destroying a passenger ship of the
French line leaving New York last De
cember. The bomb, according to the police,
was manufactured with funds supplied
partly by Summers. The police say
Halle claims to be a German citizen,
while Summers Is a naturalised Amer
ican of German birth.
Petrograd, Russia, June 9. The
"Army Messenger," referring to the
naval engagement June S in the Baltic
sea off the Gulf of Riga, says Russian
submarines engaged no fewer than ten
Gorman -warships which were attempt
ing a sortie into the Baltic
The explosions on board some of the
vessels led to the belief that damage
was done by the undersea craft The
newspaper says one cruiser was struck
by a mine. She did not sink but was
towed into Llbau. A German ship
called the Hindenburg was blown up
by striking a Russian mine.
Innsbruck. Austria, June 9.-r-Exten-slve
preparations are being made by
the Austrians to resist the invasion or
the Italian armies. Dankl arrived at
Trent Sunday, coming from the Rus
sian front to take command of one
of the Austrian armies. A consider
able number of German troops also
have been brought Into the Trert re
gion. The Austrians are reinforcing their
line all along the Isonzo river where
where an engagement over a wide
front is developing. Heavy artillery
is being brought from the eastern
front by the Austrians for use on the
London Eng, June 9. By swearing
falsely that he was an American citi
zen, it is alleged. Herman Rosenthal.
-who has been arrested here on a charge
of being a German spy. secured Ameri
can passoprts from the United States
embassy at Berlin. It is believed here
that Rosenthal was sent to England
by the German admiralty tq secure In
formation. For Two
Great Britain Announces a
Change in Treatment of
Submarine Prisoners.
London, Eng June 9 Official an
nouncement was made today by secre
tary of the admiralty Balfour that a
German submarine had been sunk and
that six of her officers -and 41 mem
bers of her crew had been captured.
Mr. Balfour announced also that Ger
man submarine prisoners hereafter
shall be accorded treatment Identical
with all other German prisoners In
England Some time ago it was an
nounced that, because of the nature
of submarine warfare, captured subma
rine erews would not be regarded as
honorable prisoners of war. Germany
at once'announced retaliatory measures
and placed British officers in solitary
The British steamer. Lady sails
bury, was torpedoed by a German sub
marine this morning and sent without
warning to the bottom near the Har
wich lightship. She sank in five min
utes. Of the crew of 18. IB were rescued.
The chief officer, was killed, and two
men are missing
London. Eng , June 9 Premier As
quith announced in the bouse of com
mons today that the total of Britiaj
casualties- fiuui the beginning of the
war to May 11. was 3bS,M9 men. This
includes killed, wounded and missing
Rome. Italy. June 9 An Italian-
dirigible, which made an attacK- on ins
Austrian port of Flume, caught fire and
was lost. The crew is believed to have
been saved and captured by the Aus
trians. Official announcement to this effect
was made here today as follows:
"Yesterday at Flume one of our
dirigibles dropped a number of bombs
on quarters being used for military
purposes. Returning from this raid,
the dirigible was obliged, as tbe result
of an accident to come to the sea in
the vicinity -of Lussin island, and
caught fire.
"The crew of the dirigible is reported
to have been saved and captured."
Vienna, Austria. June S. Austrian
aviators bombarded Venice, Murano and
a torpedo boat destroyer, according to
a statement issued here, which says:
"A telegram from our naval com
mand states that naval flying machine
L-47, Com. Bonfield and observer naval
cadet von Strobel, this morning suc
cessfully bombarded Venice and
dropped bombs on a balloon shed at
Murano. two miles northeast of Venice,
and also an an enemy torpedo boat
Another official communication tells
of the destruction of an Italian air
ship by an Austrian aeroplane. It says:
"The Italian airship Citta dl Ferrara,
returning from Flume this morning,
was atacked. set on fire and destroyed
by our naval aeroplane L-48. com
manded by Lieut. Glasing and with
naval cadet von Fritsch as observer.
Two ofifcers and five men of the crew
were captured,"
London, Eng, June 9. Nine English
seaplanes have made a successful raid
upon the Turkish positions on tne
Gallopoli peninsula, according to the
Daily Telegraph's Bucharest corres
pondent. He reports the seaplanes
bombarded Akbasch, the Turkish base
in the harbor of Gallipoli. killing
three soldiers, wounding a dozen others
and severely damaging the storehouse
and stores.
The corespondent adds that the Ge--man
submarine U-SI, which recently
sank the British battleships Triumoh
and Majestic has arrived in Constan
tinople, where her crew was enter
Berlin, Germany, June 9. Two vic
tims of German's policy of retaliation
against Great Britain for the letter's
treatment of captured submarine crews
have been released from solitary con
finement. They are Lieut Goschen. son
of Sir William Goschen. former British
ambassador at Berlin, and Lieut Sand
erson. Both officers had apparently recov
ered from their wounds when they
were selected for solitary confinemen
ts t their health suffered severely. Two
othr British officers were substituted
Geneva, Switzerland. June . A dis
patch received here from Brig, Swit
zerland, declares that a man has been
arrested at Domodossola, in Italy,
charged with the intention of blowing
up the famous Simplon tunnel.
This individual is presumed to be an
Austrian agent He had a plan for the
tunnel which is 12 1-z miles long and
connects Brig with Domodossola
While In his room the authorities found
a powerful bomb.
Long Years, Mr. Bryan Today
Cienlificos To Be Important
Factor in the Forthcoming
Peace Parleys.
Is Preparing Message, But
Has Not Completed It As
Yet, Says Raschbaum.
GEN. VILLA'S main army, defeated
at Leon, is retreating on Toi
reon, according to advices re
ceived by Carrandstas here. These
state that a small guard has been left
at Largos de Moreno, 'where Villa re
tired, in the state of Jalisco, following
tbe loss of Leon, but that all equipment
saved in the battle has been sent to
Torreon and that tbe main body of
troops is already beginning to arrive
there. A further northern advance by
Gen Obregon 16 reported to be undf
Has Trouble Moving Trains.
Villa is having great difficulty in
movina- trains on the Torreon-Jnarez
M-'tti jm aotraunt nf the striro otMI-i
aw in iiianib car naaaters ana engineers.
Passengers who arrived on the train
that reached Juarez early Wednesday
morning report that a heavy guard ac
companied the train and that the engi
neer and fireman were kept at their
posts at the point of a revolver. There
is a large quantity of freight In the
Juarez yards and large amounts of
freight destined .for the north are re
maining in Chihuahua.
Rifles Arrive for Villa.
Fifty-two cases of 38-38 Marlln
rifles, model 1893. were received here
Tuesday for the Vllllstas and will soon
be crossed to Juarez. The consign
ment numbers E20 rifles and is one or
tfe largest single orders that has ar
rived here recently.
Famine Relief.
Immediate relief of the famine con
ditions in Mexico City Is promised by
the opening of tre railroad be
tween that city and Veracruz. Car
ranza has ordered that the line be
to advices received by the Carrania
consulate, and has also ordered that
all classes of food stuffs be allowed
to pass through to the capital at once.
The message does not state what ar
rangements have been made with pro
visional president Roque Gonzales Gar
za relative to the passage of supplies
between the lines. Gen. Pablo Gon
zales, the Carrania commander In
charge of tbe campaign against the
capital, was last reported as only 40
kilometers from Mexico City.
Clentlficos to Help.
The Cientiflcos who, with represen
tatives of the Clerical party, make up
the so called third party, will be an
important factor in the peace confer
ence negotiations, according to a prom
inent representative of the party here.
He states that overtures from the de
feated Villa side have already been re
ceived asking that delegates be ap
pointed to confer with Villa regarding
the proposed peace plan. These dele
gates have been assured safe passage
to Villa's headquarters, the represen
tative states.
Villa Makes Xo Reply.
According to the statement of Villa
officials here. Gen. Villa has as vet
made no reply to the Wilson note. Dr.
L. B. Raschbaum, formerly Gen. Villa's
physician, who states that he has just
returned from a visit to Gen. Villa at
Silao. declares that Villa told him that
he "was entirely willing to eliminate
himself to prevent intervention." Dr.
Raschbaum states that at the time he
left for the. north, early Saturday
morning. Gen. Villa had not yet re
ceived the official message, though he
knew its contents. The. doctor states
that in skirting the Obregon lines
north of Silao, both going and re
turning, he was nearly captured He
has no idea of how Gen. Villa returned
to Leon and later left for Lagos de
Moreno, his present headquarters, but
believes he worked around the Obre
gon right
Juarez Fears 31utiuy. """
Juarez was apprehensive Tuesday
night of further trouble. Reports were
current on both sides of the line that
a mutiny was brewing and a number of
merchants closed their shops early in
the afternoon and remained closed until
Wednesday. Officials of the town de
clared mat there -was no tlange:
extra precautions as to the
guards in the outskirts ofjffi town
were taken. Arrivals frmirthe south
Wednesday stated thattlrere was a gen
eral feeling of unresvfn Chihuahua and
that extra precautions were being taken
by the militaryy
Rosorlo Captured.
The passengers also reported the cap
ture of Rosario, near Parral. by troops
of the Arrieta command. One of the
Arrieta brothers was recently reported
as having occupied Maplml, near Tor
reon When the train left Jimenez a
column of 1090 Villa troops was en
training for Parral with the object of
Gov. Slaton Will Make a
Study of Case; Commis
sion Cites Its Reasons.
Atlanta, Ga.. June 9. The Georgia
prison commission today declined to
recommend to Gov. Slaton a commuta
tion of sentence for Leo M. Frank, con
victed of the murder of Mary Fhagan,
a factory employe, and sentenced to
death. The board rendered Its decision
after having considered petitions both
for and against commutation of
Frank's sentence to life imprisonment
affidavits regarding Frank's trial and
a plea by Mrs. Frank.
The commission's action, it was an
nounced, is not binding upon Gov. Sla
ton, who will probably conduct a per
sonal examination of the merits of the
ease before rendering a decision.
Board's Reasons.
The commission decided against
clemency by a vote of I to L
The majority report of the commis
sion said: t
"None of the grand jurors who found
the indictment none of the trial jurors
who heard the evidence under oath, nor
the prosecuting attorneys have asked
that the sentence be commuted. The
judge who presided at the trial and
who had the right to exercise the dis
cretion of fixing the penalty of either
life imprisonment or both, overruled
the motion for a new triaL
Appeals Are Cited.
"Several appeals were taken to both
the appelate court of the state and the
supreme court of the United States,
all of which were denied and the Judg
ments of the lower courts affirmed
thus assuring the defendant of his le-
?;al and constitutional rights under the
aws of the land. It further appears
that there has been no technical vio
lation of law or precedure that has pre
vrntfl ttM lf""lf"fiMT'" having his
guilt dr tanbeesce -jogged by a Juror
of his peers- ..-..
"We feel constrained not to Inter
fere with the enforcement of the order
ly Judgment of the court."
clearing the district of the Carraneistas.
British CltUrna Killed.
Carrania reports received here re
garding the fighting at Tnxpam. in the
oil fields, state that the town has been
recaptured and confirm the earlier re
ports of the- shooting of four British
citizens. The report which comes from
Veracruz, says the Vllllstas sacked the
offices of the oil companies and looted
the town.
Washington. D. C, June . Gen. Villa
will reply today or tomorrow to presi
dent Wilson's message concerning
Mexico, assording to a dispatch re
ceived byte Llorente. the Villa rep
resentative here, from Miguel Diaz
Lorabardo, Villa's minister of foriegn
affairs, at Chihuahua City. Diaz Lora
bardo's dispatch says.
"Gen. Villa has never desired, nor
des he now desire, anything other than
a peace that, within the shortest pos
sible time, would realize the princi
ples of the revolution by means of the
establishment of a constitutional gov
ernment calculated to harmonize all
existing differences. Tomorrow or the
day following, an answer to the noto
will be forwarded"
Two of the British subjects wounded
during the successful Villa attack oa
Tuxpam Sunday died Tuesday. They
were A. T Graves and the Milliard
baby. Mrs. Mallard's condition, con
sular reports said today, was serious.
Consul Sevan reported that the shoot
ing was by Villa, troops. He said the
noncombatants probably were mistaken
for Carrania troops while seeking
Douglas. Ariz.. June 9. In response
to a request from CoL Charles M.
O'Connor. commanding the United
States border patrol here, not to attack
Ague Prieta and thus endanger-American
lives, governor Jose itarbv May
torena of Sonora has replied that he
has no intention of attacking tbe bor
der town, but merely wishes to
harrass the Carransa forces garrisoned
there. A minor engagement between
Carrania outpotas and the investing
Maytorena troops occurred Tuesday. It
ended in the retreat of the Carran
dstas. Four wealthy residents of Magdalena
and Ariapet Sonora, are reported to
have been shot by Carranza raiders
because mey lauea to pay promptly i
when a demand for ransom wan maitA
Mexican federal currency, which has
een ranging around 11 and 11 cents
n value on the border for months,
umped to 18 cents Wednesday. The
lpward tendency of the old issue of
Mexican money started Tuesday when
t went to IS cents, and the additional
ise of two cents Wednesday has caused
nuch speculation as to the cause of
oe rise.
Villa's Chihuahua currency eoa-
rency continues low, being quoted
Wednesday at 3 1-4 cents, but Carranza
currency jumped from seven to seven
and a half cents.
Portland, Ore.. June 9 Five blocks
on the waterfront just south of the
east approach of the Burnside bridge
were completely destroyed by fire here
early todaj The damage is estimated
at over 3300,000 Mills and warehouses
covered the principal part of the area
Domestic Trouble Believed
Responsible For Double
Tragedy in Carrizozo.
Carrtzoso. N. M June 9. About nine
o'clock this morning Samuel Potts
shot and killed his hired man. named
Coleman, and then killed himself. Do
mestic trouble Is supposed to have been
the cause.
Coleman came here about three
months ago and went to work for
Potts, who, for several years, has run
a dairy here.
Friendship between Coleman and
Mrs. Potts, it is said, ceased comment
among people -who saw them in town
together frequently.
Potts aws a quiet, hard working man,
well liked, and appeared to be doing an
excellent business. He is survived by
his wife and stx-year-oW daughter.
The sheriff and coroner went to the
place of the killing, but have made so
finding yet
Annapolis, MdU, June 1. One .ensign
In the navy who became so with the re
ceipt of his diploma upon graduation
from the naval academy only last week.
and a midshipman of the second class,
were today made additional defendants
before the court of inquiry which is
Investigating the "gouging" scandal at
the academy The additional defend
ants are: Ensign W. A. Confer and
midshipman A. C Rogers.
Commander Trswt testified Tuesday
that the evidence of scrape of paper
found outside the examination re-ssa
tended to show that Confer had re
ceived assistance, while a memorandum
in the hand-writing of Rogers con
tained both the questions that were
given in the examination and their
Austin, Texas, June 9. The Texas
supreme court today granted the ap
plication for a writ of error in the case
of the Country club against the state
of Texas, from Travis county.
This Is what is known as the "Bona
Fide Social club" ease and on a final
decision of it depends the existence of
practically all of the bona fide social
clubs in Texas.
Today's action of the supreme court
is regarded as favorable to the conten
tion of the dabs.
This is the text of the notation made
by the supreme court today on its pri
vate docket, as to why the writ -was
granted, "We grant the writ for the
purpose of hearing the case on argu
Austin, Tex., June 9. Applications
for writs of error were granted today
by the supreme court in the following.
El Paso county cases: Y. Bustulloh vs.
Southwestern Portland Cement corn
pan) , H. B. Stevens et aL vs. G. H. A
S A. railway company; G. H. & S. A.
railway company vs. H. B. Stevens.
Rosa C Dezabalgottlo et aL vs. Chas.
Ginther et aL two cases, application re
fused: H. B. Hutchison vs. JL D. Mur
ray, from El Paso.
Prominent military and dvil author
ities in Mexico are made defendants in
a complaint filed in justice J. X. Denv
er's court charging a conspiracy to
kidnap Jesus Guaderrama. Five are
mentioned in the complaint as having
been implicated No names were used
as no arrests have been made.
The complaint grows out of the al
leged disappearance by kidnapping of
Jesus Guaderrama on the night of Feb.
It was claimed that he was taken to
Phoenix, Ariz , June 9. Paregoric is
the latest addition to the numerous
jag produoers discovered In Arizona
since the state became "dry." Two
"drunks" arrested by the dty police
confessed that they had several bottles
of Joy fluid cached In the rear of a
restaurant and turned over to the offi
cers a quantity of paregoric. The drug
is 50 per cent alcohol and contains two
grains of opium to the fluid ounce.
Austin. Tex, June 9. Motion for re
hearing was overrated today by the
court of criminal appeals In the case of
ex parte T W Sullivan, from Tarrant
county This is the socalled jitne case
and in which the court held that cities
have a right to regulate jitnes and sus
tained the city ordinance of Fort Worth
regulating jitnes. It Is understood thlr
case is now to be taken to the supreme
court of the United States.
Ottawa, Ont. June 9 The Canadian
casualty list up to date totals 8008
men consisting of 1213 killed. 5250
wounded and 1565 missing, according to
the records of the militia department
Re - enters Public Lif
Out Of Office, Bryan 'Gives
Views Regarding Way, tr
Deal With Germany.
Daniels Wont Resign; Cab
met Is Unit In Support Of
President Wilson.
Just after 2 odock this after
noon, the new American note
to Germany which caused the cabinet
crisis culminating in secretary of state
Bryan's resignation, started on its way
to Berlin, simultaneously. William Jen
niiun Rnan-s resignation as secretary
of state took efreci and he gave ont a
statement of nis aranot, u6au -year's
inquiry into the situation re
garding Germany.
Cabinet Solidly With Wilson.
Reports that secretary of tie navy
TI..UI. KI roaie-Tteri- or WOUld dO SO.
' were current today, but were flatlj de
nied on all sides, rne reporv ji
said, grew out of the well known
friende4ilpnt Mr. Brian and Mr. Dan
iels. As a matter of fact, nine members
o tbe cabinet stood solidly for the
naesident's position as expressed in the
note. Mr. Daniels was with those who
differed with the secretary of state.
Some members even advised a stronger
Phraseology than the president used.
but on the final discussion the decis
ion to send the note was unanimous
Bryan Explains Retirement.
Mr. Bryan's statement follows.
"My reason for resigning is clearly
stated in my letter of resignation,
namelj. that I may employ, as a pri
vate citizen, the means which the
president does not feel at liberty tv
employ I honor him for doing wnji
he believes to be right, and I am sure
he desires, as I do, to And a peaceful
solution of the problem which has beeu
created by the action of the sub
marines. "Two of the points on which we dif
fer, each conscientious In his cobtk.
twn are:
"First as to the suggestion of Inves
tigation by an international commis
sion: and.
"Sfccond. as to warning Americans
against traveling on belligerent ves
sels or with cargoes of ammunition.
Should Apply Treaty Prindple."
"I believe this nation should franklv
state to Germany that we are willing
to apply in this case the principle
which we are bound by treaty to appiv
t disputes between the United States
and 30 countries with which we have
made treaties providing for investi
gation of all disputes of every cha -acter
and nature.
"These treaties, negotiated under this
administration, make war practicallv
impossible between this country and
the 39 governments, representing
nearly three-fourths of all the people
of the world.
"Among the nations with which we
have these treaties are Great Britain.
France and Russia. No matter what
disputes may arise between us aid
these treaty nations, we agree that
there shall be no declaration and no
commencement of hostilities until the
matters in dispute have been investi
gated by an international commission
and a year's time is allowed for in
vestigation and report.
Germany Accepted Principle.
This plan was offered to all the na
tions without any exceptions whatever.
and Germany was one of the nations
that accepted the prindple, being the
12th, I think, to accept No treaty was
actually entered into with Germany.
but I cannot see that that should stand
in the way when both nations endorsed
the prindple. I do not know whether
Germany would accept the offer, but
our country should, in my judgment.
make the offer. .
"Offer Would Silence Jingoes.
"Such an offer, if accepted, would at
once relieve the tension and silen- .
all the jingoes who are demanding
war. Germany has always been t
fremdly nation and a great many of
our people are of German ancestr
Why should we not deal with German)
according to this plan to which tho
nation has pledged its support"
"The second point of difference is .13
to the course which should be pursued
In regard to Americans traveling n
belligerent ships or those carrying car
goes of ammunltlon.
Should Americans Avoid Danger.
"Why should an American citizen be
permitted to involve his country in a ar
by traveling on a belligerent ship
when he knows the ship will pass
through a danger zone? The question
is not whether an American citii" 1
has a right under international la v
to travel on a belligerent ship. th
question is whether be ought not. oat
of consideration for his country, if
not for his own safety, avoid danger
when avoidance is possible
"Obligation Is One-SIded."
"It is a very one-sided citizenship
that compels a government to go to
war over a citizens rights, and yet re
lieves the citizen of all obligations to
consider his nation s welfare. I do not
(Ceatinaed on Face 9, CoL 1).

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