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HERALD Cable News & Classified' Section Cable News &? Classified Section Saturday, June Twelfth, 1915. SHI Fill II NE KM ibiejf mi Aquileia, Greatest Port of Ancient Rome, Is Again Held by Italians. ANCIENT GRANDEUR LONG HAS VANISHED KM TO BE IDE INTO A WITCHES, GHOSTS American Countess Gives Up ' Palace For Use As Hospital P1H OLD IS USED KNEW BY THE 1ERMSNS Instead of Being Composed of Individuals, Is Made Up of'Divisions. GAPS IN ARMY ARE FILLED WITH CANNON Dime in IGEJSPfflLjiraOFIR Belgian Cities Can Hold No Queer Peoples Inhabit the More Wounded; Must Go Western Shores of the to Berlin Hereafter. t Adriatic Sea. No Courts to Be Held; Only Semblance of Gayety tp Be Two Garden Parties. I FAMILY TO SPEND OUIET SUB It. WASHINGTON, A C, June 12. Aquileia, one of the first towns captured by the Italians in tlicir storm across the Austrian borders at the head of the Adriatic, stands fore most among the Austrmn Italian speak ing possessions in the sentimental at tachment of the patriotic sons of Italy. Whv the Italian takes so deep an in terest m this decaying little frontier Tillage is told in a statement on war geography, prepared by the National Geographic society. This statement reads: Once a Great Seaport. "Aquileia. situated six mites back from tin Adriatic sea, at the edge of the la goons, in the Austrian province of CJoerz and (iradisca. was once a great and fKmrishing seaport, at one time ranking as the second city in Italy. It was, in those das, one of the mightiest bul warks of the Roman empire against the pressing hordes of outside barbarians, a cirv of "proud walls and wide bespoken splendor.' As jate as the end o the fourth century, Ausonius placed it ninth on the list of the great cities ef the earth. Now Small Fashing Village. "Today, Aquileia is a mean, poverty marked," dwindling fishing village, with a few thousand inhabitants. The won derful st'-uctures of its heyday have seized for centuries as stone quarries, and nothing now remains of their fabu lous spicudor. Aquileia, regal city of the empire, and. later, great seaport and industrial eity, has vanished, in all like lihood, for good. There remains from, its "olden days meretv a heterocreneous mass of relics, statues, mosaics, colnmns, friezes, from its parks and buildings; Jajnps from its onee famous factories: bes'des many homely survivals and skknacks. "Tnct. the great seaport of today, is about 25 miles distant, to the southwest. All the marks of the prosperity and im portance of Aquileia have fled to Triest, in the eat, and to Venice, in the west. The once busv harbor is choked with silt and drifting dunes, while rafts and fish ing boats are almost the only craft that now thread the varying channels. The modern tillage, counting 2300 people, is unhealthy on account of its rice fields; is ne.'lected and forgotten. "Aquieleia is a grave f past achieve ment, and a umi weathered monu ment to the world of tne Reman age. Its museum is rich in trophies of Roman times, and its ancient cathedral and the remains of the Patriarch's palace are its most eloquent concrete memories. Aqui leia. as is much of the northern and western coast of the Adriatic, is a rich feld for archeologists and antiquarians Destroyed by Attila. The citv is said to have been colon ized bv the Romans as a frontier for tress against the Celts in 183 B C. In 168 A. D.. Marcus Auretins made it one of the strongest fortified positions in th empire. During Hadrian's reign, its population reached the 500,00 mart Attila destroyed the eity in 452 A. D, and it never recovered its greatness. Aquileia was great and stronjr only throuihout its Roman history, when, during its nrime. it ranked immediately after the Eternal Citv. "itseJr. Its for tunes were those of the Roman world; and modern Italy, fookhur back over the gulf of centuries, feels itself, not only the descendant, but also the heir of Latin Rome." Dutch Tradcwith Germany I Shows Heavy Increase As Communication Is Restored Amsterdam, Holland, June II. The Telegraafs weekly trade reports from correspondents on the 'German border indicate that Dp ten trade with Ger many, both Import and export. Is In creasing rapidly, as facilities are Im proved and the proper channels for trade become better known. The im ports from Germany consist largely of goods bound for the United States. The exports are mainly food supplies.' The Telegraafs report from WJnter swyk says' Traffic with Germany, both in port and export, was again exception ally heavy during: the past week. About 358 more carloads of fuel were imported than the week before and the supply of various kinds of manu factured goods is still maintained In the same degree and Is especially of importance to America. "Altogether there came from Ger many into' Wlnterswyk 2990 carloads, of which 440 were manufactured goods, andthe rest coal, briquettes and coke There were also large quantities of cement pig iron and toys. -The export to Germany has hardly ever been as heavy as during the past week. This -was in the first place caused by Urge consignments of po-j iniues ami raw, icouuug, . wuu pi . or me interior, nas declined to accept 275 carloads. In addition there was any ful-ther donations to charity by butter, cheese, eggs, tropical fruits. ' the meat exchange or association of tapioca.. arrowroot, bananas, tobacco, butchers, and to return to them J1.S iaw cotton, old iron and an eastern , donated last fall for the establishment root, the flour of .which can be uttl-i of 2E beds in the hospital of the mln lzed in the preparation of bread." istry. England Alarmed Over Food Prices -:J:: -::t -:I:- -:j:- " -::-Living Cost' Increases 43 Percent LONDON, Eag., June 12. There is no halt in the advance in the cost of living in England. The index figures in the London Statist show that the average increase in prices of food staffs since the beginning of the war is 43 percent. This represents an increase of about $1,000,000,000 in the sum ex pended for food since August 1. The disconcerting thing about these figures to the English student of statistics is that the greater part of the profit from higher prices will accrue to farmers in foreign countries, whereas, 100 years ago, during the Napoleonic wars, practically tlip whole of the advantage of the high priti-s then current was reaped by Brit OPTIMISM BEGINS TO GROW WEAKER BY STEVEN BURNETT. B' erlin, Germany, une 12. Evi dently the moment is drawing closer when Berlin will get an idea of what the present war means in other ways than through the col umns of the papers, or very soon it shall become necessary to transform the German cabltal Into a huge hos pital for wounded soldiers as Cologne, Frankfurt, Main and other great cities have already been transformed. Even the most determined German optimist can conceal from himself any longer (hat the German losses on both fronts have been so enormous, that It i-ls difficult to realize what the figures really mean. la Berlin's Turn Xovr. The fact is that .every city and town in Belgium and tfie western and south western part of Germany Is so full of wounded German soldiers that they cannot receive any more, so the turn now comes to Berlin to receive her Bhare of these hundreds of thousands of maimed and crippled young men who a short time ago left-for the front confident of victory and full of en thusiasm. That Berlin Is willing to do all she can for these unfortunates no one can doubt or ever has doubted, but the military authorities have nostDonea sending wounded men in large quanti ties here as long as possible. Outlook Grow Very Grave. Signs that the genera outlook is growing very grave are not lacking. Quite often the military experts of the influential newspapers, like Ma Moraht, or the Berliner Tageblatt, in moments of depression, fail to conceal their anxiety and let the public see a glimpse of their inmost thoughts, which they usually manage to conceal. "The peace campaign which Germany has secretly been carrying on in neu tral countries having collapsed, the "Tageblatt" the other day gave vent to the following: "After more than ten months of In cessant fighting in numerous theatres of war we are forced to acknowledge that we have not yet succeeded in giv ing anybody even the rainiest impres sion of what the peace we must in sist upon must be like "In all countries. In official circles as well as among the masses of the people, opinions differ widely, so wide- 1 lji that it is worse than useless to fcuttsk of peacteat the prtsenr raomentr Even the Balaton government in its exile wants to continue the war until it Is In a position to dictate to us. "Under tnese circumstances mere u. of course, nothing to do but to continue to bear our burdens until events shall have reached such a point that it Is Impossible to misinterpret their mean ing." Boys of IS Prepared for "War. The annual school reports which have Just been Issued show officially that all the boys of Germany from the age of fifteen upwards are being trained to nartlcipate in the national I defense should this prove necessary. ine training ui ucn.au -Mww. w..--dren falls in two parts, a moral and a physical preparation. All ordinary school programs have been abolished and replaced by war programs. The teachers instruct their pupils In all the details of actual warfare. Every thing is done to arouse the patriotism and enthusiasm of the younger gen eration, and the war is, of course, shown to be the result of an attack upon a peace loving Germany. Canopus, Believed Center Of Universeyls Huge Sun; Is Seen Only From Africa Paris, France. June 12- Canopus, supposed by some astronomers to be the center of the universe, has recently been seen from French obesrvatorlss in Algiers and Jforocco by astronomers who have reported their observation to Camille Flammarion. "While by reason of Us distance, Can opus is, to us, reduced to the propor tions of a star." he says "It is a form idable Sun. two million, four hundred and twenty times larger in volume than our sun; it is equal In volume to three billion, one hundred and forty-six mil lion earths. It Is distant from us the equivalent of four hundred and eighty nine vears of light travel. The rays of Canopus that reach us today started j on tneir way in mzs, traveling two ejuatrilllon. eight hundred and seventy five million miles. Canopus is invis ible in northern latitudes but may be seen from the observatories of Con stantide and Boghar In Africa." Russian Relief Committee Rebukes Butchers for High Prices by Rejecting Money Petrograd, Russia. June IT. As pro test against the excessive and arbitrary raising of meat nrices in Petrograd. a rbaHt.hta ,AmnIH.a li.ail !, XTma H,L Maklakoff. wife of the minister ish farmers and landowners. In normal times a great-rise in prkes checks consumption, but so far as "Eng land is concerned the present advance has failed to do this, the enormous war expenditures having brought much addi tional income to the industrial classes, with the result that the purchasing power of the mass of people -lias in creased more -than sufficiently to pro vide for the advance in the cost of liv ing. Consequently there has been no reduction in consumption. In fact, the consumption of food in recent months has shown expansion rather than contraction. ARE GUIDED BY SUPERSTITIONS TV TASHINGTON, D. C, June 12. 'A much mixed, backward, and strantrelv superstitious people are those who dwell along the western shores of the Adriatic sea," according to a bulletin issued by the National Geo graphic society, which sketches the latest folk to be brought upon the battle fron tier in their pleasant hill-and-valley homes, stretching from Triest to the southern tip of Dalniatia. Continuing the bulletin savs: Jumble of Every Racial Element.. "Ureek colonies and Roman munieipia; Byzantian officials and sick Franks abandoned on the rocks of Zara by Cru saders; Italians exiled during the cen turies of strife among their petty states or brought thither by trade ventures; the flood of Slavonian and. later, of Ot- f toman invasion ; all these are the ele ments ol the people living along Austria Hungary's seacoast. Franks, Byzantians, Croats, Bosniaks, Turks, Hungarians. Genoese, Neapolitans, Germans, and, of first importance, Venetians have ruled, various parts of this coast at different times. The heavy ground-tone of this shore neonle is Slavonian but there is besides a jumble of almost every other racial element under the sun. "From Triest, downward, the Slavon ians predominate. These Slavonians worshipped a cod of thunder, sacred groves, nymphs, and genii, special-pow-' ereu beings, or all descriptions; and tney still do many odd fetish services, though more Christian people, of more simple and abundant faith, are not to be found. Is Land of Ghosts and Vampires. "Vampires, diabolical ghosts, witches, Vilen' and vengeful spirits are held in great respect throughout this country, and the folklore is rich in their doings and in the common mortal's philosophy of self-preservation in a world filled with such discouraging things. The 'Alp' or nightmare, is a bitter old maid, recognizable by her garb, who sits on the baek or breast of the sleeper and torments him, mayhap fatally. She can not, for some reason or other, sit upon the sleeper's side, and so the true Dal matian never thinks of sleeping in any other way than on his side. "The vampire pursues his peculiar Dal matian orgies in the guise of a man or woman, lately dead and of faulty exist ence, and is said to be merely ahnjnan sfchrfiHed-wlth -WcWaod eovexea' wtBt a shroud. This creature waits at night along byways and graveyards for his victims, and, also, at times, rattles the window shutters or throws down tiles from the roof. A thorn stick for thrusting the vampire through' is a means of protection found adequate .through experience. It is, moreover, un usually dangerous to cell to a vampire. Killing Witches Is a Pastime. "Witches are bad weather creatures; their evil is unfettered onlv with the storm and mist. To kill 'them, one throws three grains of corn and a wax candle at the lightning before the thun der sounds. Thus, they are best killed while the storm is yet a great way off. V iTa' a m.tJa .sill. lnA luuj. Mostly these Tilen.' or wood creatures, are good and tolerant of human happi ness but they have a fatal tendency for stealing handsome, neW-born children. The newly arrived baby, therefore, in a Dalmatian district frequented by 'Viten is closely watched until baptism, when the abductors are powerless. "To preserve their vineyards from summer hail, the peasants throw salt and shredded garlic at the Waek clouds. In order to force the vines to bear fruit fully, children are taken into the vine yards on 'Innocents' day,' when they switch the vines and sing: "Bear, bear fruit, pretty vine, else will I cut off thy head.' This exhortation is said to be very effective. To spill wine on one's self is great luck, and a luck often en joyed along the roeky coast.- To meet a viper in the house Is also good luck; while the birth of black lambs or th entering of a house left foot first, on the other hand, are sad misfortunes." Two British Dulles Are Serving In Germany Army, Both Are English Bom London. Eng, June II. Two. royil dukes of Great Britain are now serving with the German forces, and the ques tion has been brought up In the House of Commons as to how tejnduke them In 1640. the point came up In the Guy de Ruthyn case, when it was definitely established that no peer of the realm can disown or extinguish his honor. Until some new action is taken, the duke of Albany will continue to serve the kaiser under the title of Prin.-e Charles Edward of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. and the duke of Cumberland, likewise British born, will also do his duty under tjie double eagle as Erne it August 'William Adolphus George Fred erick.' duke of Brunswick and Lune bourg. Both have courtesy commands in the British army, with the duke of Albany as a full general. Both dukes would be subject to ar rest and trial for high treason were they to return to British tenitoiV u thlS tlmi V.f A fa. th. nnl. ..(Inn against them Is the recent one of expul- n i rum tne uruer or tne uarter Until deprived of his British title, the duke of Albany would take precedence over H. R. H.. the duke of Connaught, the archbishop of Canterbury or the Lord Chancelor. The duke of Albanv holds three and the duke of Cumber land two British peerages with heridi tary seats in the house of lords ant both were educated mainly In Englan I The duchess of Albany, mother of the duke, receives an annuity of $30,000 a year from parliament She remains n England. Her son succeeded his uncle to his German titles. Germans Reproduce War Trenches Tp Raise Fund Berlin, Germany June li One of the popular exhibition attractions now open to the public In Berlin is a series of model trenches, which have been constructed on the edge of the Grune wald forest, and are an exact repro duction In every detail of trenches on the western front A small admission fee Is charged and the proceeds de voted to war charitio DOWAGER QUEEN TO VISIT IN NORWAY BY; HERBERT TEJlrXE. London. Eng.. June 1Z. Naturally the royal family is going to spend the summer in the most quiet manner. No conrts are td be heldV. but there will be a couple of garden parties at Buckingham Palace, one this month and another in July. These are not to be of the usual kind, however, for the guests to be invited are to be prin cipally wounded officers and' Ked Cross workers. Dowager Queen Alexandra, too In tends" to have garden parties at Marl borough House for Bed Cross nurses and these will be entertained by the queen's niece. Princess Margaret of Denmark, herself a hard working nurse in a military hospital north of London. The young princess is very eager to be allowed torgo to the front and when the Danish amDuIance corps, headed by Prof. Tschlernlng of Copen hagen, an old friend of her father. Prince Valdemar, of Denmark, passed through London last month on their way to the French front, the princess begged the professor to take her along but her father, who was asked by cable, refused his consent. Princess Margaret, who is a graduate of the University of Copenhagen, has now taken up tne study of medicine and declares that when she becomes of age. she will go to Servia, and work among the poor people of that country. Dowager Queen to Go to Nomar. As for Queen Alexandra it Is almost certain that she will go to Norway to visit "her daughter. Queen Maud,, who has been prevented by the war from payir.i her usual visit to England. As the queen of a strictly neutral country it would not be proper for Queen Maud to Tisit any of the belligerent coun tries even to e her mother, while the war lasts. The Norwegian royal fam ily has a lovely but most unpretentious summer residence on a small Island on the west coast of Norway and Queen Alexandra, who Is longing very much. to see her little grandson. Prince Olaf, intends to spend some time her,e. be fore going to her beautiful Danish cot tage of vidoere"" to meet her sister, the dowager empress of Russia. King George, however, is endeavor ing to persuade his mother not to leave England in present circumstances, when the Germans might be expected to torpedo the royal yacht, but Queen Alexandra, who is a very good sailor, declares that she fears German sub marines as little as she fears a Zeppe lin attack at Marlborough House. ,Sh wiPiPTatrahATitiTVfUInrTmUrr tt 4 an oninaiy passenEer on "one ox. m? Isorwegian or Danish steamers running . regularly between Bngland and the I Scandinavian countries. That the Jour ney is not without danger aside from German submarines attacks is evident from the tact that on almost every trip these boats encounter floating mines In the North sea. which are ex ploded by rifle shots.' nalmoal Castle to be Hospital. King George, I am told, has prac tically deeided to turn Balmoral castle, which is most beautifully situated among the bills of Scotland, into a home for convalescent officers. The air at Balmoral is wonderfully brac ing, and Queen Victoria, whose favo rite residence the castle was, used to say that every time she stayed there it made her feel five years younger, but neither King George nor Queen Mary ever liked the place and it will probably never again be- used as a. royal residence. Raisuli, the Bandit, Leading Revolt Of Natives in Morocco Paris, France, June 12. -Haisuli, the notorious Moorish bandit, whose holding of the American Perdiearis for ransom brought forth Roosevelt's famous mes sage, "Perdiearis alive or Raisuli dead," is causing some worry here. Assisted, it is said, by German gold, RAISULI, MOORISH BANDIT. he is leading a revolt among the na tives in the district of Charb. northern Morocco, and several clashes with French troops liae already occurred. He has a great name among the Moroccans, and claims the throne of Morocco. -- HHrclSBBBBff SW W ! MRf W m K&?jytt.i Hf -" ' !?? J' ('hi 1$ -f !'" COUNTESS CARLO DEHTICE DI FSASS0. ROME, Italy. Countess Carlo Dentke di Frasso, daughter of Mrs. W. "V. Wilde, the former Mrs. Henry Siegel, has entered actively into Red Cross work here. She and he husband have given up their palace fa this eity to be used as a hospital for the wounded soldiers, while their susuKr hose at Brindisi will house wounded sailors. The count, who was a member of the 'Italian parliament before Italy de clared war, has received king Victor BmraenaePs permission to resign and or ganize a regiment of cavalry. HIKMLf " HID IS NOT lOliy HIS I In Wreck of the City, the j Great Edifice Escaped 1 Almost by Miracle. NOT WEAKENED BY ' HEAVY SHELLING ' -r OCVAiN, Belgium, June 12. Su.--I rounded by green fields that por ' tend an unusual harvest ,and transform all Belgium from the scene of desolation that has been often pic tured since the beginning of the war, Louvaln still stands as a mounmentil wreck. Little of Its former life has crept into its streets and the vails of practically all of its buildings are still crumbling ruins that have not been removed and aparently will not be Here and there a wooden shack has been erected by some enterprising I vendor of tobacco or post cards, but is a city Jt is still uninhabitable. Cathedral EUcapea. j Yet Louvain is not entirely dead, and ' in one most important particular work j of renovation is going on apace the renovation and restitution of its wot . derful cathedral, which escaped com 1 plete destruction only by a seemlnaT ' miracle The church sow is in the j hands of a score of workmen who are I painstakingly restoring those portions of the walls which are shaky or dam- aged, the little panes of glass not ; stained glass which were blown out j by bomb explosions, and the altar ..ui.. 'M truinu try both ti. caught fire after it tore through the roof above. Is Not Weakened. --Competent architects who have visited the cathedrals say that It has been in no way weakened by the terri ble shelling that destroyed the rest of Louvain. and claim that with a very little money it can be put back into the shape in which it was before the war. The beautiful stained glass In ths windows to the rear of the al tar Is absolutely undamaged The al (Contlnned on Tate. Three This Section.) K IMTREHCHESIS Germans in Galicia Convert "Trenches Into Beauty Spots With Twigs. i BULLD WITH CARE, THEN ABANDON THEM TARNOW. Austrian. Galicia, June 12. Basket-work with, willow twigs has been dignified with a place in the science of fortification and the art 3.ip Van rVinkles Hill Hemmed In For Ages TOKIQ, Japan, June It, Japanese enthnologtsts nave discovered In the mountain fastnesses of the Island of Kyushu a carious and ancient people who kayo been des ignated the Rip Van Winkles of Japan. , A similar group has been found in the mountains of HIda province. It is sMd that both are of the Heiki family which descended from a Mikado in the th century. They were all powerful in the 12th century until defeated in the Japanese war of the Rosea by the Mtnamoto clan. History holds that the Heika fugi tives who escaped after the 12th cen tury battle were drowned daring their flight, but the recent discovery of the picturesque clansmen in ' the wilds of Kyushu and in the mountains of Hlda province leads to the belief that manv escaped and settled in remote mountain districts Shut in by precipitous mountain peaks, these villagers live an old-world life, Just as they must have centuries ago. One reason for believing they are the descendants of the Heiki is that PETROGRAD. Russia, June li yor the first time in this war, the Germans In their latest ad yanee into Russian territory, have adopted a new tactical formation for attack. The 'now formation Is likened, by military experts hero to the Mace donian phalanx with tbls difference. SKtft taeowwed. not of individuals, but of dHrteton and army corps. Included 18 FuU Army Corps. This phalanx, in the advance from. Craeow. mo along the line of the. UorHce-Jaala-Rxeezoif railway, and .n duded tea MB army corps, of which. five, forming tsimaln striking head, were picked troafls withdrawn special ly for the piiiaW" from the French. Tne phalanx was superabundantly provided with artillery, including a. large number of heavy batteries. The latter wore ate ta many cases brouglt across Germany from' the Frenchfront. For example, 24 natations of the Prus sian Guard corps had with them i w-..-,. k.v Af -arhich were o . heavy calibre. This ancient battle formation, newly applied in modern war, had naturally a tremendous driving force, but It was deprived of any great possibilities of tactical movement by the fact that ii was chained to a line of railway, whereby alosw it could maintain its supplies and Munitions in the quanti ties rerairly such a. huge concen tration: '.!& . . The rate of Movement of the phalanx In a forward oection cannot have ex ceeded four nriHb a day, in the opinion, of Russian exports. But Its momentum was trreslsttsMe, and it was this phalanx fbstnatiOB, which forced the crossing of tne San' river at Lezachow. It was assisted by an immense flotilla, of aeroplanes. K1U Gaps- With Guns. The Germaiis. in withdrawing many of their best '.troops from the French, front, filled the gaps necessarily left there with overpowering technical su periority. Thus where the Germans find themselves opposed by a thousand men and two machine guns, they pose a hundred men and 20 machine suns. confident that by continuing on the defensive with an extended use of tho technical adjuncts of warfare they cai safely withdraw their best troops for temporary service elsewhere. CoL Colomonoff, tha. best known- 1 newspaper aHHary exeert in ietrHr grad. discusses tne French position m his latest article. Pressure from two sMes, he says, is an elementary prin ciple of coalition warfare. In the fighting of the present month, the Rus sians have drawn upon themselves enormous masses of first-grade German troops withdrawn from the west front Naturally the French have tried to reply-by putting renewed-pressure upmi the weakened enemy facing them. But extra rapid OreiA extra artillery and the use of gases are taking the place of men in the German lines on tha west, and for this reason the French, attempts at exerting pressure have shown no signs of relieving the Rus sians. of "home-making in the trenches." The Austrian and German troops, who, for II weeks; lay in trenches along the west bank of the Dunajeo river, facing; the Rassiansr an the other side, wers largely Tandebirm" men fronj the Tyrol. Bohemia, and Westphalia, and nowhere fe BssSpe has the Associated: Press correspondent seen anything to equal or even approach in comfort and decorative effect the winter homes which these soldiers built along tha bank of the rtvir? Position Not Favorable. The position which they took did not at first view seem very favorable for & comfortable trench-life, it being along; a dyke of clay in a low-lying river val ley, but the willows which grew in pro fusion nearby afforded material to more than make good all deficiencies. Trenches and the dag-oat shelters of the men were first of all lined with: basket-work to prevent oaving-ln and contact with the sticky clay. Then the men seemed to have tried with each other in making new comforts front the slender osiers. Nearly every shelter-hut had chairs and tables' of basket work. Many of them had chimneys of willow encased in clay. Summer Honse BuTtr. Summer nonces of various abanM .uv (designs were built back of tha lines later, tne most common type being1 made of four long boughs bent together in a sort of - tepee, with a roof of basket-work woven In- On the top of the dyke were tha loon-boles from which the defenders tired at the Rus sians on the other bank. Bach man had excavated for himself a niche, man high, roofed and lined with osiers, from which he could attend to ths principal-taskrof a soldier in full com fort and security. Sod was cut and bronght from a dis tance and the outside of the houses and the slope of the dyke were care fully sodded wtth the loving care of a good lawn artist. With the coming of spring, gardens had everywhere been (Continued on Pare Three This Section.) Of Japan Found I ! By Mountains their style of clothing is the same aa prevailed in Kyoto in the Heiki epoch and tneir dialect resembles somewhat the dialect of Kyoto in the olden times. They stag a song which, translated, "Potting off our headgear of nobles and onr hunting dress, we proceed Into thoforest and the recesses of the moun tains as "woodcutters, to fell a tree." Moreover, the villagers themselves think they are the descendents of the Heiki. Certainly these people are vast ly different from the ordinary Japan ese of today, both, in language and In custom. The families often number from SO to 30 persons and live together in separate flats, as It were, in the same house but at a common table as a measure of economy. Their dress is a curiosity but quite appropriate to hardy mountaineers. The men carry a piece of bearskin or wild bear at the loin and a hatchet in their belts. The villagers are said to be very honest, always agreeable anions themselves, and receive strangers with, the greatest hospitality.