Newspaper Page Text
f Catle News and
Catle News and
Njn.rdav, April First, 1916
VASION OF ENGLAND IS THREATENED
URGES CONSCRIPTION OF WO
Seizing of Russian Provinces
May Remove Russian
Menace Is Belief.
Fill I OIFST IN
i in, ui
ES OF IT IS NECESSARY Pancho Villa, Professional Murderer
Reports Indicate That Vien
na Pays Highest Prices of
Any City For Food.
AT HIGH LEVEL
I T O.VDOX. Kngr. April 1. The people
Fftarls To Increase the Birth Lj ot EnB,and c,alm to havo ""
Lyuns l u iw.rt.wL c.c uuui'j-a ,eM trom lhe ,,, t of
Rale Fail and Govern-
mcnt Is Worried,
CLIN, Gfim.iin, April 1. The ne
i -Kity of woik'ng for a very ma
i rial Im rcae of popul ition now
' as aftii th'- war is 'wins em-
l .ill i i .; lmany.
i igJD'ie lonu cloud, the rap
.II, of .he population in Kussia
H i ui i'i front or the German
ilmim.iik' ttu ir view of a pros
n! glut ions future.
mi i v'.ui German economists
ili-ieil witli incicastig anxitty
Inl" the lurth rale rcmilns satis-
higii in the eastern provinces
' i nam. Hint Is to say in the parta
i i.i.i la!-'U- bv Pols nd other
i i , ' -. Inutile to iiTman and par-
il ii t lo 1-MisM.in rule, th Germans
i i lion .i t Mow lv- beco-sing bar-
ml th.it among the
- Or iii'th i iti Is aim-at as low
- ill IIICC
h i Mi I .imm1 pi n v councillor
. i?i limn i i.io i tli. il it the eml
' i '. i.''Bni. i-rntur- Germani-, ac-
idln-- to niee4ik -i ml I oat tot) a tsll-
i . I'ouul i. "ii 'r Imrelv 90.000-.UOO,
' l.n.-i! viil have at least 300,-
living brought on by the war than have
the people of any of the enemy coun
tries, although admitting that prices
of foodstuffs are higher now than they
have been In the memory of the pres
The retail rise for January was 1 1-2
per cent, according to the Board of
Trade Labor Gasette, which points out
that the upward trend has been In flour
and bread, six per cent, and in fish and
granulated sugar, five per cent.
Bread has reached 9 1-3 pence, or
nbout IS cents for the quartern load
'four pounds i higher than it ever has
been in modern times.
The increase in the cost of food com
paring February 1 last with a year ago,
lias been :
Bacon, bread, sugar, milk, and cheese.... 20
, ,,. , j lour ana kks ........
educated Pot,r . .. ' ji
Margarine .. .., - 6
Vlcnnn J9itffern Mosl.
Other countries have been hit hard
er, according to the Gazette, which
gives tbe following comparisons of in
creases upon pre-war prices:
Should Be Trained To Work,
For the Home and
LACK OF TRAINING
Need Is Great, Says Leader,
For Effective Work
Must TaUe Russian ProTlnee.
- Il itiiuipi- to increase tbe birth
- ,i : mi in ha ,e proved futile and
n is i m in show a further decline
i i.i- i i ui years of hard timea
v inn-it follow the mr, he declares
i'i- onlv nji in which the threat-
i 1. i liter inav be averted will be by
i, aw. from Itussia Finland, the
i lii inoMii'Cs. Lithuania, Poland,
- -- ii ii i ami the Ukraine.
if this is done, Itussia will lose 63-
mi people anil will be forced to turn
dcane foi expansion towards the
1 1 is a question of the children, of the
. of the soldiers of the future, and
is i asilv understood how the calcu-
itions or ion Gruber. supported by a
' ilt h of arguments, must strike terror
t tin hearts of the tJermans, who
iilirrtn, because of 'their higher birth
i h.ne maintained their superiority
ihe French and who, because of
-it tmlitarv (iiows.s, havo had no
i -on to fear the Russians.
RiimId II I rtli Ilnte Increases.
N Kussla's military strength is In
ipiuk with the Jmreasf of child
irih' The last f-w- months' warfare
' turned that dit-cipline and order
mi lien established in the csar's
1 1 i The l:u-siau neoDle haTe real-
il whit this means to their countrv,
ml ti-ori is no doubt that they will
' Hit Irsaon to healt.
I his must inevitable mean that the
jsi in nrmj will In a very few ycara
nni strong' r and more formidable
i i tb iJertii-in. and the reason of
mi in- spresent aim In the war an
i iltle peace with the western pow-
i'mI h wcakining of Russia be-
i T'ci fectlc ilear
i'ti miii Gruber shows that In the
ii 1 son there were in European Rua-
a n nl Finland onlv 39.000,000 people.
i ivo ih number had Increased to
v.i t..-, iiOd.OOO, in -910. to nearly 121,-
ii i "in.
I T'SO, he sa' r. S0.000.000 of Germans
I I fur l so 000 000 Russian and at the
I of the centurv th.- figures will be
i mm ii'Kj and 00 000,000, respectively.
1 s ni ins that Russia will be the
- itrst military power m the world. If
e oeh out of this wwr unweakened.
Illnt Increase IllrtliR,
I e fut-ire iiopulation policy is be-
i i' 1 1 discunse all over the coun-
It is li-ar to everbod that, even
t i Kusalan Kiaut Is knocked down.
ill ariee again, and that the peril
- i t'if east will increase every year.
i ibsolutelv necessary, therefore, to
' t a er much greater surplus of
tns to populate Germany as densely
s iii,a!i way possible, and it may even
u he taken for granted hat inline-
iii'h after the war material privl-
s will be granted to the fathers of
families, as it is already being
in' In Prance, while bachelors will be
i iH taxed.
Attention is called to the fact that
Germany allows only a limited sale at
a legal maximum price of what arc
ordinary every day articles of diet.
This, the Gazette points out, applies to
bread, butter, flopr, pork and milk. It
says that in Vienna, the end of the year
brought an easing of some of the ad
vances, partly explained by the fact
that in December maximum retail
charges came Ipto -operation for the
first time in respect to bacon and hog's
Increases Mnrr July.
Here are some comparative returns
of increased, percentages since Juiy
THE HAGUE. NETHERLANDS, April
1- Conscription for women is the
latest idea of German feminists.
German women have accomplished an
amazing amount of work for the fath
erland in the present -war, but tha fem
inest leaders assert that too much of
the -work has been ill organized and ill
AVhat is wanted, according to these
women, is the introduction of com
pulsory service for women not mili
tary but homo ser Ico, Ejch woman,
they sy, should spend one ear in the
latter teens learning work which
should be useful to the state At the
end of that time she could return to
the bosom of her family.
Hampered by J.nck ot Training, .
At a meeting held at Berlin. Dr. Ger- !
trudo Banner developed this idea Mie
showed how feminine work for the
fatherland had been hampered by lac K I
of training and organization, and diew
n. fine picture of what could have been
done had the women been called -up ot !
41.A iia Hmn as ffiA tMi' enefk wamflr i
,WW DAM'S. HUIV w , w - , --
V- I knowing' ner job ana Knowing -wncro
' I .s a . t Tlnaltv all liryul ttlA Oil
Bef & 5
Mutton s l)
Bacon . 3 l"'
Flour household.... 5ft
Flour, rj e
Flour, wheat 2S
Bread. re 4-
Breail. wheat ' "
Butter 31 101
Milk J 36
E ;! i.
Rice 15 340
Many Jewish Educators
Give Lives For Germany;
Now Boys Are Volunteer
Berlin, Germany, April 1. The Jew
ish Teachers' eeminary , in Cassel re
cently held a. special examination to
ascertain how many members of the
junior classes could be used to fill the
places of the many German Jewish
school teachers who have been killed
on the diffei'ent theaters of war since.
Nineteen students qualified and were
at once assigned to as many schools.
The number of Jewish educators who
have given their lives for Oie father
land le very large and comprises teach
ers of elementary schools, and high
school and college professors. Among
the killed are -over 40 alumni of th
to go to it. Finally, she urged the ad- "f
vantages in tne way or uiscipnno win' u ,
the men 'got from their years of serv- i
"Wo must be done trith dilattantisra t
she cried. "Every woman must learn
that she owes a duty, not only to her
child, but to the child, and not only to
the liome but to the state, and. above
all. she must know what to do."
Opposed War, Was Assassi
nated to Prevent Succes
sion to Throne.
French Admiral Says Under"
taking Would Prove a
.- 'ARMY OF 70,000' ,
Has Only Slow Vessels For
Transports and the Force
'ould Be Intercepted
Vienna Smokers Take to
Pipes, Have No Cigarcts
Vienna, Austria, April 1. Owing to
the shortage of clgarets and igars. the
people of Vienna are talcing to smokinr
pipes. , which have never before attained
any considerable popularity here, l'or
some time past. It has been practically
Impossible to get clgarets in Austria.
although the supply for the army seems
DEALS DEATH BLOW
German Military Power Still Strong
-;"- -:: ' -:-- --H-- --H--Allies
Are Deceiving Selves. Claim
B1.1INL, SwiUeiland, April 1. An officer of the Swiss general staff, who lias
been on the different fronts of tbe German army almost constantly since
February, 1915, says.
Tlay after day the French and Knplieli newspapers assure their readers
iliat the collapse of the miliiary power of.Geimany is only a question of a very
slioit time. Vothinc could I- further from the truth than this claim, and I can
not s,.,. what the allies hope to gain bv such self deception. I have not onlv seen
im conditions at the German front, but also throughout the empire and l" know
th.it Germany still has nlmfit unlimited ieserve. On ray journeys through the
different parts of the country I saw hundreds of thousands of soldiers who
i en- either home on liirloiih or have not Jet been at the front. In the pir-n-'-iis
there are as mant men as in time of peace and the general staff is alwavs
.ilil.- to send fr. -h Imkiiis to theaters of war in the east and west.
I lie iicriii.iu
im n w ere Kilh I o
In tween 4.11041cm i
iinli. I a( 4 0(MU'iii
loss, s li.n, iindtuihtcdlv Ik-mi nn Ricat'. At lc.is( 1jOO 000
I Il'i. ntl .s.i,.,I in lihllMIV 1. but lhe einpii e Mill lias
iii.I . iMirttMHl 111 tin- liel.l, -iii.l 11,. ,r.,n,, , ,, af.lv he .s,
1 '" ''I' "' tin nillltai i luiisii(.n of (.niiimn i i..,l.i.
and ill not win the wai for the alic.''
PARIS, Trance, April 1. The ques
tion whether the death of the
Turkish crown prince Yuasof Iz
zedin was suicide or assassination .s
no longer open to doubt, according to
an authority here on Ottoman affairs,
"The prince was assassinated on the
first of February in his palace of Zind-jirli-Coyou
by his ordnance officer,
"I-ong before the war, this author
ity avers, "when Enver Bey succeeded
in having a crown council instituted
for him, prince Tussof was condemned
to die. Since the war began he had
been more than ever elWninated from
Opposed o AVnr.
"When the Sultan fell ill during the
summer or 1915, the eventuality of the
accession of the prince preoccupied tho
committee of T'nion and Progress. His
hostilitv to the war had been uncon
cealed, his accession to the tbrone
meant the opposition of the monarch
to the projects of the government and
menaced its existence.
"One evening in September the prin
cipal leaders of the committee of Union
and Progress were secretly assembled
In the house of the Sheikh VI Islam,
Hairl Effendi, Enver Bey. Talaat Pacha,
Bedri Bey, the prefect of police. Hus
sein DJahid. vice president of the
chamber, and Behaeddine Chakir, pri
vate physician of the prince were pres
ent. Hussein DJahid called attention
to the difficulty of Turkej's situation
at the time, deprived of al means of re
newing its supplies of ammunition and
consequently anxious as to the develop
ments of the Dardanelles campaign
In those circumstances Jie pointed out
the presence on the throne of a prince
known to have been opposed to the
war might be useful in obtaining a
favorable peace from the allies Others
present expressed the same -iew Tt
raised a lively opposition, voiced bv
Knver Pacha To leae the way to the
throne to Tussof might result In giving
the committee a master, he argued.
The second heir, prince Wahid Kddin,
lie observed, nourished no better sen
timents toward the committee, but it
was impossible to .suppress ever-vonft
in lhe palace and the diath of Vussof
17eilm must cciijinl- pioe ilut.ity
Ileeiile tu Kill Prince.
Tl.C 't Illlfl It'll S SAlMl ,,J WltllO'lf
t?ti0o a decision but they met a?ain
(CoiiUnur-.l on Page 11M . ,
All His Life Villa Has Been
Brutal Assassin, Thirst
ing for Blood.
PAXCHO VILLA has been painted
an a sort of Robin Hood, a rlghter
of the peon's wrongs, a great
patriot He has had the namo of a
great military leader.
In truth, he is a brutal murderer,
ready at all times to slay a man or a.
woman with his own hands, with a
gory record about as long as any in
Wnenee came his Influence with tho
peon? "Well, It must be remembered
that murder does not shock the Mexi
can, that is. the typical peon, as it does
the American ine Aiexican kj.ui -..-derstand
grace to an enemy. Many or
president Madero's troubles are trace-
fble to his merciful conduct toward his
oes. He let them live to plague him
instead of carrying out tho Mexican
code and putting them to death the
first time they come within his
Villa, too, has a way with the peon.
He laughs and Jokes with his common
soldier. He points to a loose saddlo
girth and inquires pleasantly whether
the soldier wants his horse to go lama
and himself to walk. He puts his
finger into the common kettie If he
feels hungry. He Is at time generous
in a small way. He talks loudly about
the wrongs of the cientifcos, as the old
Diaz adherents are called.
Assisted by Shrewd Men.
Then, too. Villa in later years has
had the assistance of several shrewd
individuals, some of them Americans,
who have known bow to make him an
international reputation. Clever press
agents have been hired to write and
place" well written literature de
scribing Villa's fight against oppres
sion and his whole hearted struggle for
the cause of the people.
Slost of Villa's famous messages to
the American people were written by
these figures in the background. Villa
was intelligent enough to realize ine
need of this He was content not to
Interfere. Like the rising young
actress, he cared little how his reputa
tion was made.
Poses as Great Man.
So Villa became the friend of the
Americans He protected them, while
otheis of his compatriots discriminated
against them. It was years before even
Washington woke up to the true state
Then came ilia's great cause of
grudge against the Americans. He had
consented to tbe conference of Mexi
can chiefs proposed by the Unjted
States, while Carranza had refused.
DeRpite this, the United States recog
nized I'arrnnza. President Wilson went
further. He allowed Carranza to move
Ins troops through American territory, j
oer .American railways in pursuit oi
To this and to the merican embargo
against ammunition to him. while Car
ranza was supplied. Villa laid his
downfall and his reduction to the flee
ing head of a small group of bandits.
Reduced almost to his original brig
andage, he resolved on the Columbus
llnlrcd for merlenns.
Ills liioLivs an not iiitneh lc.ir
I'nih it wis billed of tin Aincrnans
lii.nisi Ik Ih.Hiphl tinv hd hetrawd
li im. 1'aill.. u iida a ! sire to force
Xmcrlc.m intervention in Mexico and So
eiiihaira-s Carunio. W.13 theie a
Tha picture on the left is a snapshot, shoeing the brutal, sensual mouth
and jaw, the small, cruel eyes and the general bestial appearance of the real
Villa. On the right is a studio picture of Villa in his uniform as a Constitutional
officer, Uelow Villa is seen in the midst of some of his horsemen at a waysida
further incentive? The effect of ths
raid really was finally to sweep all
American doubts aaide and reveal Villa
clearly for what he Is a professional
But the border bad never been de
ceived It had known him all alopg. Lto kill him.
His long record of aasasiinatlon was
familiar to everyone.
Villa's press agents haTe spread far
and wide the tale that he first became
an outlaw through killing an officer
of Diaz who had outraged ms eisier.
But those who knew Villa in early
life say he never had a sister.
Son of n Stebteman.
Villa is the son of a stableman. He
was horn in San Juan del Rio. Durango,
I in 1877. and was working for a rich
land owner wnen lion I'euro sancnez,
a comamnder of ru rales, bribed him
to act as go-between in a love afair.
Villa betrayed. Sanchez- and took money
from the latter's rival. Sanchez beat
the youth and for this received a bullet
in the back a few nights later, accord
ing to one of the accepted stories about
Tor this, hia first murder. Villa was
sentenced to death. While in Jail a
f'rominent man offered to get him free
f he would kill the guardian of two
wealthy girls. Villa murdered tha
guardian, a man named Pantoja, and
escarjed to Parral.
His next business was stealing cattle
for a butcher. Ir 1902 Villa shot tho
butcher's partner dead at the butcher's
request. Later In the same year Villa
and a gang robbed a ranch near Parral,
shot the daughter of Inocente Chavez
in the leg and wounded an employe.
Holm and Maya 'With Ax.
In January, 1903, the Villa gang am
bushed three men carrying money to
a mine, left one dead and got away
with the payroll. Villa continued his
depredations and in May, 1901, de
scended upon a ranch near Villa
Ocampa, Durango His gang bound the
two vaqueros of Amaya, the owner,
and then continued on to Amaya'a
home on the outskirts of Villa Ocampa.
Amaya'a door was opened to the ban
dits by a young girl, whom they killed
with an ax. Put to flight by a police
man, they returned to the ranch and
beheaded the two vacqueros.
While trying to escape after this
crime. Villa killed a rurale leader.
On of Villa's companions was caught
and told hie story, while another was
Kills Ills Host.
For several years Villa was quiet,
and then, on September l.", 1908. he
sacked the Rancho del Sauclto and the
next month burned the court house at
Valle del Rosario in order to destroy
evidence of his cattle thefts.
In the spring of 1909, the Villa band
beat down two Americans near the
plant of the Pittsburg San Jose Reduc
tion companv's smelter at San Jose del
Sitio, Chihuahua, tied their victims and
then looted their homes.
In 1910. Villa masqueraded as a cattle
buyer and was entertained with six
companions by a wealthy rancher,
Alexander Miinoz, near -Minas Nunvas.
Suddenly the bandits att.-u-ked their
hosts, killed one of Munoz's sons and
tortuicd and afterward Killed tho
father to nniKe lum disclose the hiding
jdai e of his nioiiej.
Kills Itlirnle Leader.
Glaro Reza'was a member of Ula 3
murdering am) robbing band frtr nev
eial jeau. He wis iiught and after
a ear and a half In jail he consented
to help catch Villa. Villa heard of
this, Reza had been given a com
mission in the rurales The bandit
leader sent word to him that his
former chief was coming to Chihuahua
With two comnanlons Villa rode Into
the city and found Reza gossiping with
a butcher. Villa fired a shot into
Reza's back. The latter ran and hid
in a ditch, where Villa and his com
panions found and killed him.
The cold-blooded murders continued
after Villa had become a revolutionist
Instead of a bandit Manuel Ramos
was in charge of the criminal court
at Santa Rosalia and had papers com
promising Villa. On capturing Santa
Rosalia with his bandits, now insur
gents. Villa Immediately shot Ramos
with his own hand and burned the
papers of the court.
Kills Just to Kill.
After the occupation of Juarez by
Madeio in 1911, Don Jose Felix Mestaa
tried to escape with his savings to
American soil. Villa caught him and
killed him, the story goes.
On November 13. 1913. Villa entered
Juarez with a victorious army and put
20 prisoners to death. Tigje and again
Madero and other more moderate lead
ers had rescued intended victims from
the monster's clutches, when he was
operating In the name of Madero.
He was especially cruel to the "Colo
rados," or followers of Orosco. Theso
men had revolted against Diaz and
OrOzco had insulted Villa bv calling
him a bandit and refusing his assist
ance. In Jnly, 191.:. Villa defeated a
command of "Colorados" at Nueva
Casas Grandes and burned several hun
dred dead and wounded in one vast
(Continued on Page 10). i
PARIS, FRANCE. April 1 "A, Ger
man invasion of England must UeT
looked upon as an Impossibility
says the French admiral Degony In, L
Petit Journal," but It may bo at
tempted. "Even If we do not yet know ths
final plans of a German naval of
fensive." tha admiral says; "we havu
now sufficient, reliable information.
about the preparations which are going
on in the retrenched naval camp, tho
eente of which is Cuxhaven, to enable
us to draw intelligent conclusions
"Admiral Tirpltz," we are told, did
not want to risk in open battle his hich
sea fleet, the four squadrons of ftrst
class battleships which must not coma
out except at a moment of extreme
danger, and then preferably only in
"He was satisfied to let those
squadrons paralyze the Bngllsh home
fleets at a safe distance, but ha Is al
ready to risk that fleet of battle
cruisers which was defeated bv admin t
Beatty on Jan. 36, 1915, when the
Bleucher went down, but which has
now been reinforced by two, perhaps;
three, powerful units of the Luetzow
type, armed with eight 303 Mm. 12 in
guns. These sis or seven battle cruisers.
assisted by half a score of lighte
cruisers of the Graudens, Rostock and
Stralsund type and a large number of
destroyers, are to constitute, Germany's
active naval force.
"They may perhaps he- strengthened! ,
by some of tho large submarines of
about 3000 tons ot which Danish tele-i
grams have told us.
Has 70,000 for Invasion.
"Then the gigantic liners will ba behl
In readiness to embark about 70.00a
troops, with which Germany hopes to
"Tho great question now Is whether
Germany is really strong enough in
human material to permit herself to
send nearly two entire army corps
across the sea at a very great risk and,
that at a moment when she seems de
termined to force an issue on the -west.
ern front without withdrawing anv
troops from the Russian front?
"For the sake of argument let us sup
pose that Germany has the necessars
troops to spare, and let us also for tho
same reason suppose that in spite of thn
losses she has suffered on the sea and
in spite of tbe great number of he
liners which are interned in neutral
ports, she still has sufficient ships to
transport a small army, with all lt
saddle horses, its wagons, its artillery
and other accessories.
"Even if this b so Germanv Is faee'I
bv the great difficulty which lies m
the fact that the convoy thus formed
must have an average speed great
enough to give it some chance ot avoid
ing being intercepted by the British
fleet and either destroyed or dispersed,
in spite of the efforts of the faster
squadron accompanying It, which is
thus deprived of one of its principal ads
vantages, that of mobility.
Only Slow Boats Left.
"It must be remembered that It bap
pens to be then great, fast German
liners which have been destroyed or In
terned. The two great steamship corr
panles still have at their disposal tha
gigantic new liners like the Amerlka.
the George Washington, tho Kaiserltt
Augusta Victoria and the Cincinnati,
boats of 3S.0O0 to 45,000 tons, but theso
are, after all. only huge cargo boats,
(Continued on Page 10),
Irisn Bisnopa Issue Patriotic Appeals
,1-BLlN'. Irdami. Ain .1 1. The Irish Roman Catholic bishops, in their Lenten
pastoral letters, diu-et attentidn to the necessity for thrift and for raising
as much foodstuffi aa nossilile on the farms. There are freonent allusions
to the war m the pastorals, the moee emphatic exhortation to recruiting appearing
in the letter of the bishop of Tuam, Dr. Healy, who hopes that while the people
nill till their fields they will also be ready to fight for them against all comers,
especially against the Germans. "Irishmen are able to fight,-' he writes, "as
they have well pioved on every battle front in Europe. Thev do not want their
fertile aires seized by the foe. What is to save them but tie strong arms and
courageous hearts ot the Irish people and their allies !" He hopes that they wdl
rally to the flap, "not by compulsion or coercion, but from a sense of duty as
becomes fiec nieii." '
Cardinal Logue speaks of the war a "not only the greatest and most de
strocthe war in history, but a war that seems to have stirred to their lowest
depths the worst and most depraved of human passions. Men, old and younjr,
helpless women and innocent children, often in their beds at night, are mado
victims ot a smlen and terrible death."
Tin- bishop ol l.iiucrnW in his pastoral predicts that the war will leave the
world in a condition ol direst poverty, ajid speaks of the storm which -n ill break
ccr T.iiropi-.iu sixbti w h ii the war' is over. 'W anvoiie think he says, "that
the millions ol working men trained to arms in I uiop'e will Kettle down peeceablv
to bta nation at the end of the war in order to help to reapiass fortunes for
their 'hettci-,' he tuny hae a rude awakening."