Newspaper Page Text
f Catle News and
Catle News and Auto Section Auto Section Njn.rdav, April First, 1916 &'- VASION OF ENGLAND IS THREATENED TH URGES CONSCRIPTION OF WO Seizing of Russian Provinces May Remove Russian Menace Is Belief. germanbFrths become scarce PRIG Fill I OIFST IN i in, ui JEtf-uOM "- ES OF IT IS NECESSARY Pancho Villa, Professional Murderer Reports Indicate That Vien na Pays Highest Prices of Any City For Food. GERMAN PRICES AT HIGH LEVEL I T O.VDOX. Kngr. April 1. The people Fftarls To Increase the Birth Lj ot EnB,and c,alm to havo "" Lyuns l u iw.rt.wL c.c uuui'j-a ,eM trom lhe ,,, t of Rale Fail and Govern- mom LEADER mcnt Is Worried, B CLIN, Gfim.iin, April 1. The ne i -Kity of woik'ng for a very ma i rial Im rcae of popul ition now ' as aftii th'- war is 'wins em- l .ill i i .; lmany. i igJD'ie lonu cloud, the rap .II, of .he population in Kussia H i ui i'i front or the German ilmim.iik' ttu ir view of a pros n! glut ions future. mi i v'.ui German economists ili-ieil witli incicastig anxitty Inl" the lurth rale rcmilns satis- higii in the eastern provinces ' i nam. Hint Is to say in the parta i i.i.i la!-'U- bv Pols nd other i i , ' -. Inutile to iiTman and par- il ii t lo 1-MisM.in rule, th Germans i i lion .i t Mow lv- beco-sing bar- ml th.it among the - Or iii'th i iti Is aim-at as low - ill IIICC h i Mi I .imm1 pi n v councillor . i?i limn i i.io i tli. il it the eml ' i '. i.''Bni. i-rntur- Germani-, ac- idln-- to niee4ik -i ml I oat tot) a tsll- i . I'ouul i. "ii 'r Imrelv 90.000-.UOO, ' l.n.-i! viil have at least 300,- living brought on by the war than have the people of any of the enemy coun tries, although admitting that prices of foodstuffs are higher now than they have been In the memory of the pres ent generation. The retail rise for January was 1 1-2 per cent, according to the Board of Trade Labor Gasette, which points out that the upward trend has been In flour and bread, six per cent, and in fish and granulated sugar, five per cent. Bread has reached 9 1-3 pence, or nbout IS cents for the quartern load 'four pounds i higher than it ever has been in modern times. The increase in the cost of food com paring February 1 last with a year ago, lias been : ret. Fish SO Vut " Bacon, bread, sugar, milk, and cheese.... 20 Ten , ,,. , j lour ana kks ........ educated Pot,r . .. ' ji Potatoes I Margarine .. .., - 6 Vlcnnn J9itffern Mosl. Other countries have been hit hard er, according to the Gazette, which gives tbe following comparisons of in creases upon pre-war prices: Should Be Trained To Work, For the Home and The Nation. LACK OF TRAINING PROVING HANDICAP Need Is Great, Says Leader, For Effective Work By Women. Must TaUe Russian ProTlnee. - Il itiiuipi- to increase tbe birth - ,i : mi in ha ,e proved futile and n is i m in show a further decline i i.i- i i ui years of hard timea v inn-it follow the mr, he declares i'i- onlv nji in which the threat- i 1. i liter inav be averted will be by i, aw. from Itussia Finland, the i lii inoMii'Cs. Lithuania, Poland, - -- ii ii i ami the Ukraine. if this is done, Itussia will lose 63- mi people anil will be forced to turn dcane foi expansion towards the i T 1 1 is a question of the children, of the . of the soldiers of the future, and is i asilv understood how the calcu- itions or ion Gruber. supported by a ' ilt h of arguments, must strike terror t tin hearts of the tJermans, who iilirrtn, because of 'their higher birth i h.ne maintained their superiority ihe French and who, because of -it tmlitarv (iiows.s, havo had no i -on to fear the Russians. RiimId II I rtli Ilnte Increases. N Kussla's military strength is In ipiuk with the Jmreasf of child irih' The last f-w- months' warfare ' turned that dit-cipline and order mi lien established in the csar's 1 1 i The l:u-siau neoDle haTe real- il whit this means to their countrv, ml ti-ori is no doubt that they will ' Hit Irsaon to healt. I his must inevitable mean that the jsi in nrmj will In a very few ycara nni strong' r and more formidable i i tb iJertii-in. and the reason of mi in- spresent aim In the war an i iltle peace with the western pow- i'mI h wcakining of Russia be- i T'ci fectlc ilear i'ti miii Gruber shows that In the ii 1 son there were in European Rua- a n nl Finland onlv 39.000,000 people. i ivo ih number had Increased to v.i t..-, iiOd.OOO, in -910. to nearly 121,- ii i "in. I T'SO, he sa' r. S0.000.000 of Germans I I fur l so 000 000 Russian and at the I of the centurv th.- figures will be i mm ii'Kj and 00 000,000, respectively. 1 s ni ins that Russia will be the - itrst military power m the world. If e oeh out of this wwr unweakened. Illnt Increase IllrtliR, I e fut-ire iiopulation policy is be- i i' 1 1 discunse all over the coun- It is li-ar to everbod that, even t i Kusalan Kiaut Is knocked down. ill ariee again, and that the peril - i t'if east will increase every year. i ibsolutelv necessary, therefore, to ' t a er much greater surplus of tns to populate Germany as densely s iii,a!i way possible, and it may even u he taken for granted hat inline- iii'h after the war material privl- s will be granted to the fathers of families, as it is already being in' In Prance, while bachelors will be i iH taxed. L'nlted Klnedom Merlin " vinua lis Attention is called to the fact that Germany allows only a limited sale at a legal maximum price of what arc ordinary every day articles of diet. This, the Gazette points out, applies to bread, butter, flopr, pork and milk. It says that in Vienna, the end of the year brought an easing of some of the ad vances, partly explained by the fact that in December maximum retail charges came Ipto -operation for the first time in respect to bacon and hog's fat. Increases Mnrr July. Here are some comparative returns of increased, percentages since Juiy THE HAGUE. NETHERLANDS, April 1- Conscription for women is the latest idea of German feminists. German women have accomplished an amazing amount of work for the fath erland in the present -war, but tha fem inest leaders assert that too much of the -work has been ill organized and ill directed. AVhat is wanted, according to these women, is the introduction of com pulsory service for women not mili tary but homo ser Ico, Ejch woman, they sy, should spend one ear in the latter teens learning work which should be useful to the state At the end of that time she could return to the bosom of her family. Hampered by J.nck ot Training, . At a meeting held at Berlin. Dr. Ger- ! trudo Banner developed this idea Mie showed how feminine work for the fatherland had been hampered by lac K I of training and organization, and diew n. fine picture of what could have been done had the women been called -up ot ! 41.A iia Hmn as ffiA tMi' enefk wamflr i ,WW DAM'S. HUIV w , w - , -- V- I knowing' ner job ana Knowing -wncro ' I .s a . t Tlnaltv all liryul ttlA Oil 1914: tnlted Kingdom Berlin Bef & 5 Mutton s l) Bacon . 3 l"' Flour household.... 5ft Flour, rj e Flour, wheat 2S Bread .51 Bread. re 4- Breail. wheat ' " Butter 31 101 Margarine 10 Milk J 36 E ;! i. Rice 15 340 HSi Vienna :o 111 :: il 4e Many Jewish Educators Give Lives For Germany; Now Boys Are Volunteer Berlin, Germany, April 1. The Jew ish Teachers' eeminary , in Cassel re cently held a. special examination to ascertain how many members of the junior classes could be used to fill the places of the many German Jewish school teachers who have been killed on the diffei'ent theaters of war since. Nineteen students qualified and were at once assigned to as many schools. The number of Jewish educators who have given their lives for Oie father land le very large and comprises teach ers of elementary schools, and high school and college professors. Among the killed are -over 40 alumni of th Cassel seminary. to go to it. Finally, she urged the ad- "f vantages in tne way or uiscipnno win' u , the men 'got from their years of serv- i ice. I "Wo must be done trith dilattantisra t she cried. "Every woman must learn that she owes a duty, not only to her child, but to the child, and not only to the liome but to the state, and. above all. she must know what to do." TliOfil! PRINCE'S DEflTH" is mm Opposed War, Was Assassi nated to Prevent Succes sion to Throne. French Admiral Says Under" taking Would Prove a Complete Failure KAISER TOSEND .- 'ARMY OF 70,000' , Has Only Slow Vessels For Transports and the Force '-. .w 'ould Be Intercepted Vienna Smokers Take to Pipes, Have No Cigarcts Vienna, Austria, April 1. Owing to the shortage of clgarets and igars. the people of Vienna are talcing to smokinr pipes. , which have never before attained any considerable popularity here, l'or some time past. It has been practically Impossible to get clgarets in Austria. although the supply for the army seems unlimited. ORDNANCE OFFICER DEALS DEATH BLOW German Military Power Still Strong -;"- -:: ' -:-- --H-- --H--Allies Are Deceiving Selves. Claim B1.1INL, SwiUeiland, April 1. An officer of the Swiss general staff, who lias been on the different fronts of tbe German army almost constantly since February, 1915, says. Tlay after day the French and Knplieli newspapers assure their readers iliat the collapse of the miliiary power of.Geimany is only a question of a very slioit time. Vothinc could I- further from the truth than this claim, and I can not s,.,. what the allies hope to gain bv such self deception. I have not onlv seen im conditions at the German front, but also throughout the empire and l" know th.it Germany still has nlmfit unlimited ieserve. On ray journeys through the different parts of the country I saw hundreds of thousands of soldiers who i en- either home on liirloiih or have not Jet been at the front. In the pir-n-'-iis there are as mant men as in time of peace and the general staff is alwavs .ilil.- to send fr. -h Imkiiis to theaters of war in the east and west. I lie iicriii.iu im n w ere Kilh I o In tween 4.11041cm i iinli. I a( 4 0(MU'iii loss, s li.n, iindtuihtcdlv Ik-mi nn Ricat'. At lc.is( 1jOO 000 I Il'i. ntl .s.i,.,I in lihllMIV 1. but lhe einpii e Mill lias iii.I . iMirttMHl 111 tin- liel.l, -iii.l 11,. ,r.,n,, , ,, af.lv he .s, 1 '" ''I' "' tin nillltai i luiisii(.n of (.niiimn i i..,l.i. and ill not win the wai for the alic.'' PARIS, Trance, April 1. The ques tion whether the death of the Turkish crown prince Yuasof Iz zedin was suicide or assassination .s no longer open to doubt, according to an authority here on Ottoman affairs, who says: "The prince was assassinated on the first of February in his palace of Zind-jirli-Coyou by his ordnance officer, Hassan Bey." "I-ong before the war, this author ity avers, "when Enver Bey succeeded in having a crown council instituted for him, prince Tussof was condemned to die. Since the war began he had been more than ever elWninated from all influence. Opposed o AVnr. "When the Sultan fell ill during the summer or 1915, the eventuality of the accession of the prince preoccupied tho committee of T'nion and Progress. His hostilitv to the war had been uncon cealed, his accession to the tbrone meant the opposition of the monarch to the projects of the government and menaced its existence. Plotters t'onfer. "One evening in September the prin cipal leaders of the committee of Union and Progress were secretly assembled In the house of the Sheikh VI Islam, Hairl Effendi, Enver Bey. Talaat Pacha, Bedri Bey, the prefect of police. Hus sein DJahid. vice president of the chamber, and Behaeddine Chakir, pri vate physician of the prince were pres ent. Hussein DJahid called attention to the difficulty of Turkej's situation at the time, deprived of al means of re newing its supplies of ammunition and consequently anxious as to the develop ments of the Dardanelles campaign In those circumstances Jie pointed out the presence on the throne of a prince known to have been opposed to the war might be useful in obtaining a favorable peace from the allies Others present expressed the same -iew Tt raised a lively opposition, voiced bv Knver Pacha To leae the way to the throne to Tussof might result In giving the committee a master, he argued. The second heir, prince Wahid Kddin, lie observed, nourished no better sen timents toward the committee, but it was impossible to .suppress ever-vonft in lhe palace and the diath of Vussof 17eilm must cciijinl- pioe ilut.ity les.son Ileeiile tu Kill Prince. Tl.C 't Illlfl It'll S SAlMl ,,J WltllO'lf t?ti0o a decision but they met a?ain (CoiiUnur-.l on Page 11M . , All His Life Villa Has Been Brutal Assassin, Thirst ing for Blood. PAXCHO VILLA has been painted an a sort of Robin Hood, a rlghter of the peon's wrongs, a great patriot He has had the namo of a great military leader. In truth, he is a brutal murderer, ready at all times to slay a man or a. woman with his own hands, with a gory record about as long as any in history. Wnenee came his Influence with tho peon? "Well, It must be remembered that murder does not shock the Mexi can, that is. the typical peon, as it does the American ine Aiexican kj.ui -..-derstand grace to an enemy. Many or president Madero's troubles are trace- fble to his merciful conduct toward his oes. He let them live to plague him instead of carrying out tho Mexican code and putting them to death the first time they come within his power. Villa, too, has a way with the peon. He laughs and Jokes with his common soldier. He points to a loose saddlo girth and inquires pleasantly whether the soldier wants his horse to go lama and himself to walk. He puts his finger into the common kettie If he feels hungry. He Is at time generous in a small way. He talks loudly about the wrongs of the cientifcos, as the old Diaz adherents are called. Assisted by Shrewd Men. Then, too. Villa in later years has had the assistance of several shrewd individuals, some of them Americans, who have known bow to make him an international reputation. Clever press agents have been hired to write and place" well written literature de scribing Villa's fight against oppres sion and his whole hearted struggle for the cause of the people. Slost of Villa's famous messages to the American people were written by these figures in the background. Villa was intelligent enough to realize ine need of this He was content not to Interfere. Like the rising young actress, he cared little how his reputa tion was made. Poses as Great Man. So Villa became the friend of the Americans He protected them, while otheis of his compatriots discriminated against them. It was years before even Washington woke up to the true state of affairs. Then came ilia's great cause of grudge against the Americans. He had consented to tbe conference of Mexi can chiefs proposed by the Unjted States, while Carranza had refused. DeRpite this, the United States recog nized I'arrnnza. President Wilson went further. He allowed Carranza to move Ins troops through American territory, j oer .American railways in pursuit oi Villa To this and to the merican embargo against ammunition to him. while Car ranza was supplied. Villa laid his downfall and his reduction to the flee ing head of a small group of bandits. Reduced almost to his original brig andage, he resolved on the Columbus laid. llnlrcd for merlenns. Ills liioLivs an not iiitneh lc.ir I'nih it wis billed of tin Aincrnans lii.nisi Ik Ih.Hiphl tinv hd hetrawd li im. 1'aill.. u iida a ! sire to force Xmcrlc.m intervention in Mexico and So eiiihaira-s Carunio. W.13 theie a Tha picture on the left is a snapshot, shoeing the brutal, sensual mouth and jaw, the small, cruel eyes and the general bestial appearance of the real Villa. On the right is a studio picture of Villa in his uniform as a Constitutional officer, Uelow Villa is seen in the midst of some of his horsemen at a waysida camp. further incentive? The effect of ths raid really was finally to sweep all American doubts aaide and reveal Villa clearly for what he Is a professional murderer. But the border bad never been de ceived It had known him all alopg. Lto kill him. His long record of aasasiinatlon was familiar to everyone. Villa's press agents haTe spread far and wide the tale that he first became an outlaw through killing an officer of Diaz who had outraged ms eisier. But those who knew Villa in early life say he never had a sister. Son of n Stebteman. Villa is the son of a stableman. He was horn in San Juan del Rio. Durango, I in 1877. and was working for a rich land owner wnen lion I'euro sancnez, a comamnder of ru rales, bribed him to act as go-between in a love afair. Villa betrayed. Sanchez- and took money from the latter's rival. Sanchez beat the youth and for this received a bullet in the back a few nights later, accord ing to one of the accepted stories about Villa Tor this, hia first murder. Villa was sentenced to death. While in Jail a f'rominent man offered to get him free f he would kill the guardian of two wealthy girls. Villa murdered tha guardian, a man named Pantoja, and escarjed to Parral. His next business was stealing cattle for a butcher. Ir 1902 Villa shot tho butcher's partner dead at the butcher's request. Later In the same year Villa and a gang robbed a ranch near Parral, shot the daughter of Inocente Chavez in the leg and wounded an employe. Holm and Maya 'With Ax. In January, 1903, the Villa gang am bushed three men carrying money to a mine, left one dead and got away with the payroll. Villa continued his depredations and in May, 1901, de scended upon a ranch near Villa Ocampa, Durango His gang bound the two vaqueros of Amaya, the owner, and then continued on to Amaya'a home on the outskirts of Villa Ocampa. Amaya'a door was opened to the ban dits by a young girl, whom they killed with an ax. Put to flight by a police man, they returned to the ranch and beheaded the two vacqueros. While trying to escape after this crime. Villa killed a rurale leader. On of Villa's companions was caught and told hie story, while another was slain. Kills Ills Host. For several years Villa was quiet, and then, on September l.", 1908. he sacked the Rancho del Sauclto and the next month burned the court house at Valle del Rosario in order to destroy evidence of his cattle thefts. In the spring of 1909, the Villa band beat down two Americans near the plant of the Pittsburg San Jose Reduc tion companv's smelter at San Jose del Sitio, Chihuahua, tied their victims and then looted their homes. In 1910. Villa masqueraded as a cattle buyer and was entertained with six companions by a wealthy rancher, Alexander Miinoz, near -Minas Nunvas. Suddenly the bandits att.-u-ked their hosts, killed one of Munoz's sons and tortuicd and afterward Killed tho father to nniKe lum disclose the hiding jdai e of his nioiiej. Kills Itlirnle Leader. Glaro Reza'was a member of Ula 3 murdering am) robbing band frtr nev eial jeau. He wis iiught and after a ear and a half In jail he consented to help catch Villa. Villa heard of this, Reza had been given a com mission in the rurales The bandit leader sent word to him that his former chief was coming to Chihuahua With two comnanlons Villa rode Into the city and found Reza gossiping with a butcher. Villa fired a shot into Reza's back. The latter ran and hid in a ditch, where Villa and his com panions found and killed him. The cold-blooded murders continued after Villa had become a revolutionist Instead of a bandit Manuel Ramos was in charge of the criminal court at Santa Rosalia and had papers com promising Villa. On capturing Santa Rosalia with his bandits, now insur gents. Villa Immediately shot Ramos with his own hand and burned the papers of the court. Kills Just to Kill. After the occupation of Juarez by Madeio in 1911, Don Jose Felix Mestaa tried to escape with his savings to American soil. Villa caught him and killed him, the story goes. On November 13. 1913. Villa entered Juarez with a victorious army and put 20 prisoners to death. Tigje and again Madero and other more moderate lead ers had rescued intended victims from the monster's clutches, when he was operating In the name of Madero. He was especially cruel to the "Colo rados," or followers of Orosco. Theso men had revolted against Diaz and OrOzco had insulted Villa bv calling him a bandit and refusing his assist ance. In Jnly, 191.:. Villa defeated a command of "Colorados" at Nueva Casas Grandes and burned several hun dred dead and wounded in one vast (Continued on Page 10). i PARIS, FRANCE. April 1 "A, Ger man invasion of England must UeT looked upon as an Impossibility says the French admiral Degony In, L Petit Journal," but It may bo at tempted. "Even If we do not yet know ths final plans of a German naval of fensive." tha admiral says; "we havu now sufficient, reliable information. about the preparations which are going on in the retrenched naval camp, tho eente of which is Cuxhaven, to enable us to draw intelligent conclusions "Admiral Tirpltz," we are told, did not want to risk in open battle his hich sea fleet, the four squadrons of ftrst class battleships which must not coma out except at a moment of extreme danger, and then preferably only in German waters. "He was satisfied to let those squadrons paralyze the Bngllsh home fleets at a safe distance, but ha Is al ready to risk that fleet of battle cruisers which was defeated bv admin t Beatty on Jan. 36, 1915, when the Bleucher went down, but which has now been reinforced by two, perhaps; three, powerful units of the Luetzow type, armed with eight 303 Mm. 12 in guns. These sis or seven battle cruisers. assisted by half a score of lighte cruisers of the Graudens, Rostock and Stralsund type and a large number of destroyers, are to constitute, Germany's active naval force. "They may perhaps he- strengthened! , by some of tho large submarines of about 3000 tons ot which Danish tele-i grams have told us. Has 70,000 for Invasion. "Then the gigantic liners will ba behl In readiness to embark about 70.00a troops, with which Germany hopes to invado England. "Tho great question now Is whether Germany is really strong enough in human material to permit herself to send nearly two entire army corps across the sea at a very great risk and, that at a moment when she seems de termined to force an issue on the -west. ern front without withdrawing anv troops from the Russian front? "For the sake of argument let us sup pose that Germany has the necessars troops to spare, and let us also for tho same reason suppose that in spite of thn losses she has suffered on the sea and in spite of tbe great number of he liners which are interned in neutral ports, she still has sufficient ships to transport a small army, with all lt saddle horses, its wagons, its artillery and other accessories. "Even if this b so Germanv Is faee'I bv the great difficulty which lies m the fact that the convoy thus formed must have an average speed great enough to give it some chance ot avoid ing being intercepted by the British fleet and either destroyed or dispersed, in spite of the efforts of the faster squadron accompanying It, which is thus deprived of one of its principal ads vantages, that of mobility. Only Slow Boats Left. "It must be remembered that It bap pens to be then great, fast German liners which have been destroyed or In terned. The two great steamship corr panles still have at their disposal tha gigantic new liners like the Amerlka. the George Washington, tho Kaiserltt Augusta Victoria and the Cincinnati, boats of 3S.0O0 to 45,000 tons, but theso are, after all. only huge cargo boats, (Continued on Page 10), Irisn Bisnopa Issue Patriotic Appeals Till tlie Fields, Figlit -u -::- For TKem, PI ea Dl ,1-BLlN'. Irdami. Ain .1 1. The Irish Roman Catholic bishops, in their Lenten pastoral letters, diu-et attentidn to the necessity for thrift and for raising as much foodstuffi aa nossilile on the farms. There are freonent allusions to the war m the pastorals, the moee emphatic exhortation to recruiting appearing in the letter of the bishop of Tuam, Dr. Healy, who hopes that while the people nill till their fields they will also be ready to fight for them against all comers, especially against the Germans. "Irishmen are able to fight,-' he writes, "as they have well pioved on every battle front in Europe. Thev do not want their fertile aires seized by the foe. What is to save them but tie strong arms and courageous hearts ot the Irish people and their allies !" He hopes that they wdl rally to the flap, "not by compulsion or coercion, but from a sense of duty as becomes fiec nieii." ' Cardinal Logue speaks of the war a "not only the greatest and most de strocthe war in history, but a war that seems to have stirred to their lowest depths the worst and most depraved of human passions. Men, old and younjr, helpless women and innocent children, often in their beds at night, are mado victims ot a smlen and terrible death." Tin- bishop ol l.iiucrnW in his pastoral predicts that the war will leave the world in a condition ol direst poverty, ajid speaks of the storm which -n ill break ccr T.iiropi-.iu sixbti w h ii the war' is over. 'W anvoiie think he says, "that the millions ol working men trained to arms in I uiop'e will Kettle down peeceablv to bta nation at the end of the war in order to help to reapiass fortunes for their 'hettci-,' he tuny hae a rude awakening."