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EL PASO HERALD
t ' Southern End of Alaskan Railroad Opens 400,000 Acres of Rich Land -BY- Frank G. Carpenter (Copyright. 1315. by Frank G. Caroenter.) Grating awl Dairying Possibilities of Alaska Being Realized and Homesteads Are Rapidly Being Taken Up by American Homeseeker. SI MUSK. Kenai Peninsula, Alaska prll 2! ThlB letter is about the Kenai peninsula and the short valleys Just north of It, through which 1 nele Sam is now building the first section of the railroad from Seward to 1'airbanks. I am writing at Sunrise, on the northern end of the peninsula, on the shore of Turnagaln firm. I am within a few miles of the end of the Maska Northern railway, which Unole Sam bought of the builders, and, ae the crow files, within IS or JO miles f Anchorage, the present beadquart- rs of the railroad construction. I have come Here from Seward, across countrj, as described In my last letter, ind am now waiting for a motor boat f some kind to take me out of Turn iKaln Arm into Cook Inlet and on up Knik Arm to Anchorage. The Department of Agriculture has 1uFt completed a soil survej of the . oiintry. Two of Its experts, Hugh H. l'-cnnett and Thomas 1). Rice, have re cently traveled oyer It to estimate its farming possibilities and their work will he accessible to the public through fie department at Washington. Flrat Country Opened by llnllwny. And now let us take a look at the Tirat country to be opened by the gov ernment railroad. It will be the lvi'iai peninsula and the Matanuska nd Susitna valles Just north 'of It. Within a year from now there will be regular trains running across the pen insula from Seward to Anchorage, and t! e road should be completed from the ater town up the Matanuska lalley to he coal fields. The distance from Seward to Aj--i-orage m less than one hundred miles, and the tracks of the Alaska Northern rallroax already reach more ihsn three-fourtt s of the way. They to almost direciiv northward from reward on Resurrection bay. crossing many beautiful valleys, to Turnagaln rm The distance is seventy-one miles, and the twenty-odd miles from i nere is Knlk Arm or Anchorage can aslly be constructed. So far the government has done practically nothing to repair the 'racks of the Alaska Northern and to i.ut it into condition. But there is a K."soluie car which runs northward froin Seward dally for a distance of r. miles, and this Is being operated for the government. The rates of pas isre are about 7 cents a mile, and rdphts are correspondingly high Homesteads Itelnj: Taken Up, A large number of homesteads have already been taken up along the line of the railroad althoutth no cultiation or clearing of an gieat extent has been done Northward from Anchor nfre in the Matanuska and Susitna val ).s, homesteads are now being taken up and aDOUi mo nunareu lariue naic lread been registered along Knik rm Theie are several thousand peo- nie in Inir at Anchi rage, several hun- .irrt at Knlk. and ethers are preparing i ut farms out or the woods or me 'lvtaiiuska valley and along the Suslt l.d Many are planning to get farms near the coal lands Mnnr Mlnlnc Camps. On the Kenai peninsula the only large center of population Is Seward. The other settlements are mining rimpi or little collections of log cab tin occupied b prospectors who are traeltng over the peninsula, looking for irold Thi re arj two such camps n Turnagair Arm One is at Sun ,vo. where T ni now writing, and an , t li, r is at Hope, .i few miles to the -w 'Uwarrl lioth camps have alto i ther not oer two hundred Inhabl i (in n Is is Lot Cnbln Camp. SiinriPe has perhaps 20 log cabins. In one is a reneral store, kent hv an In German, and another is Arno Lleb- I Prayer. her s roadhouse, where I am living. , When Mjnininp in.- roaanouse is a snacK I .out as big as a hall bedroom with ' i tie wordi "U. a Post Office" over the iror Many of the other cabins are mpt They wre built when Sunrise v as the renter of a mining excitement : nd one thousand-odd prospectors were washing the sands of Six-Vile liver and ihe other creeks about here for gold. 'IV dm a dredge made in Seattle is turning up the bed of the river, but the inoriti are little, because the dredge bucket, which hold only two cubio feet, are too small Farther up the river Is Duncan Stewart's mining lng to the farming experts, this is tho destiny of much of the region. They figure that the territory I have de scribed will support 161.000 stock, and allow eight acres per animal. They say the country should be devoted also to dairying, and that properly used it can be made to produce some think like 25,000.000 pounds of butter or 60,000,000 pounds of cheese a year. It is in about the same latitude as parts of Finland and the Scandinavian peninsula, which are celebrated for tbelr butter and cheese, and the climate 1b fully as mild In this con nection the Island of Kodlak, about 100 miles or so west of Seward, also promises to be a great dairying and ntockraising center. The government has an experimental farm there. I shall write of it in the future. To Have Experimental .Station. So far we have had no experiment stations on the Kenai peninsula, al though one will now be established to show what can be done. The experts of the department of agriculture say that early varieties of grain will ma ture, and that barley and oits will produce excellent crops. According to mem zvv uusueia oi potatoes TO an sunlight they get, and for this reason the people claim that the have a Fr0IvP8.,2ta.80D quUe. as lonJP a that in the northern parts of the .states. This begins some time in May, and con tinues until along m September The people add to the growing sea son by starting their vegetables in hot beds and hothouses and many sprout their potatoes indoors, putting down a layer of potatoes, then a laer of earth h,Sn a ,ayer ?f Potatoes and so on.' When the weather warms up thev set out the sprouts, and thus gain several weeks on Jack Frost. The summer season at Seward Is about 116 days, and there is a period of IIS days in the summer during which no frost has been recorded. The aver aco growing season over th -hni. J region is perhaps 110 days, or as long "5 '!'"-. .." " "1B "ormern parts of the United States proper. Is Well Wooded. """ The most of this country is well wooded. The best trees are in ih. i. lands and on the lower slopes of the mountains, the timber stopping at about 2000 feet The wood, ?. T groves of spruce, hemlock and poplar, with patches of bushes and open mea- acre can bo grown on the good soils dows between. The open places have without fertilization, and cabbage, let- been largely caused by forest fires tuce, beets, turnips, garden peas and i and you frequently find considerable carrots can be raised without trouble. I areas of dead and down timber. The Strawberries have been grown In trees are usually small. A few of the places, and there are wild raspberries spruces aro more than two feet in a'most everywhere. I have seen wild diameter, but many are bo bigger currants and blueberries in the woods, i around than telegraph poles. The There is a low bush cranberry that poplars grow In dense forests. Th.r makes very good Jam, and a high bush unnuorrj uist manes excellent jeny. There are also salmonberries and squawberrles, Mas Temperate Cllmole. The climate of the Kenai penslnsula Is far different from what one would expect from its place on the map. It us temperate ratner tnan frigid, and it compares favorably with that Of our north central states. The Japanese current which flows along the southern shores of Alaska makes It so warm that the sea never freezes at Seward. The greater part of Cook inlet is open throughout the winter, and the warm coastal waters give the country a tem perate summer and a winter that is only moderately cold. Here at Sunrise they have kept records for eight or nine years, and the winter temperature averages about 14 degrees above zero, rising to 17 above In December and February and falling to as low as nine In January. The average spring tero perature is about 33 degrees and in the summer the thermometer has an average- of 61, although it goes up to 78 and 79 at some times ' The peninsula is about as far north as Stockholm or Petrograd. This gives it long days during the summer, and in pans or June and Julv there la are tall, straight and beautiful. Tii are cottonwoods In the lowlands that reach a thickness i of two or ahree. feet. The best trees are on the best lands and nearly everywhere trees large enough for log cabins are to be had So far much of the timber Is pro tected by the government reservations and in Seward they pay high for lum ber, which has been brought from Puget sound, a distance as great as that between Cape Cod and the Mis souri river. This is so notwithstanding there Is fairly good timber ten or 1? miles away. Indeed most people In Alaska thing the countrv i maMn. served. Uncle Sam's fears for posterity hanging, like Sindbad's 'lOld Man of the Sea," around their necks. Cost of Clearing I.rinil. I have made some inquiries as to the cost of clearing the land. It ranges from $100 to several hundred dollars per acre. Even the first figure seems high until one considers that 1100 in labor would not begin to clear and pre pare for cultivation any of the wooded farm lands of the states. Every acre of Ohio, Viteinia, Tennessee and Ken tucky has cost more than that to cut down the trees and get out the roots. C.t.l. 1 ,,. ? . uwwi sWMSWMisra ' 35SsEfcSuaF5 Woman Saves Prance Jonn of Arc, Greatest of Woman Patriots, Ik Darned At Stake As a Witch. BY MADiror C. TETEnS. TOAN OF ARC. or more properly Jeannetta Dare, afterwards known close to the surface. They spread out use a net under a thin coating of moss and soil, and as soon as the tree dies the stumps can be torn out by a good team of horses. It Is only In a few places that dynamite will be needed, and if the ground Is burned over most of the stumps can be Jerked out with a log chain and a team. Th !, -- i soft and easy to cut and tho roots can o lorn out ov me plow. Deep Moss liverrnhere. The greater part of the land is cov ered with moss, which. In places. Is a foot or so deep. The soil is wet and so sour It needs lime It seldom pro duces good crops at the start and needs to be broken up and exposed to the air to sweeten It There Is a great difference in the soils of the peninsula. nlttCA Yln In I.An.nllr llUA .t..l..KB . .. ... .. " -,ow mmuub. lugeuier wun tne pro phecy current In Lorraine that the kingdom lost by a woman (queen Isa bella) should be saved by a virgin, helped to define her hnlsslon. Abounding physical energy. Intense mental activity and an abnormal sensi tive nervous, temperament charac terized her youth. She Was an ex- . . j.j . tiiiari aauEnisr. nnnrmitiir ., nnai profit ."nS'wtorVi, VrTl , wfenSllW'i?1" "S to be good. 2I. o. i '. In. the V.se of the other towns are Kenai, Kasllof, Sel dovla and Port Graham, on Cook Inlet Kenai has a population of 250, and Set lnvia, at the southwestern end of the pemnsuis, nas less than 2W Bott hjve fish canneries and so have Qasl In France as Jeanne d'Arc. tho maid of Orlenas. was born about .Tan- uary , nil. In Domreny, France. Jea ! quLte .?" much as In the United States, rhroeueheahnod tve"d,orwr,te- aml "5ciT7fl2,"V5SS,aX0SK SS: through her mother's influence who There are vast quantities of muskeg, a made a pilgrimage to Koine, she' spent 80rt. I marsh, consisting of peat so sal much of her time in solitude a . StrlSXr lW I.1' JPS I whatever except when well drained. 13 she constantly talked of. . Ti".K.e are other lands which are un seeing visions and he.rin,- nri.. 1 "5 .. wun stratum of ice and voices Which told hsr tn restnr. h,n. SE -W"?rAine.r. " " M frozen Ptaess to France and give aid to I JA" "r " n, .wA"?wd.??P- t.nmrles VII., phln whose eir nl,l in I fT' V '."' "" "V. '"" "?w ?P- " the weak-hearted Dau: ! hV7 VZVZZXXL -"Ji-moJ- the frozen condition beneath is sup posed to have existed for thousands of years. It Is only by burning ott the moss that the ground can be thawed, and It will take a long time to get all of the frost out Great name Country. The settlers of tho Kenai peninsula win have a game country that com ??rt?, favorably wth the eastern I nlted States In colonial times. This Is one of the best big game regions of Alaska. It Is already attracting the attention nr muirtimiti n i.. ...te ller of city men who come here to hunt inuuse anu mountain t needle. She decisively renslled all ad. vances made by young men and while performing the usual round of her .u i. ' mwaruiy in grossed with nhn l v.l. ", thoughts far beyond th. clrcTTnf bar . l'"; ..lnA ?amc ? D P- oota i dallr routine . i "T-" "','.,' il " " mountainous Te nant- . ' "UnC. s cons WM) K. . snnrt.man',. r. .... .4 1 ... -. . r . . .- - l inacrsroes Sprit TV.t. I - .... ., ' " " ,..j. "m anu f-orc uranBm. jt is not ar i qi, avmn.t.i.A (. i, , from Kenai. where the first gold In ' ?? in ?hPe Jlvi.lon ntV'lf ,rJ6?.ns Alaska was found It was discovered Sa"i. l?e 'visions which rent the h he Russlana beinir washed out of iSK 2i -f"?6 ami at IS m Kenai rlv.r in issn inn ' r5."." P tne idea that she was was for generations to come. The country Is noted for Its moose pastures and It has the finest moose of the territory. They are plentiful In tne central and western parts of the BAVAflieAn ,l-j . . -.. . ... .. .... nao . IHB ceil rara befor the if rritory came Into ' her WnV 'e fi wT Cr?Wn Pfnt,nula- There are now also many i uuaitucs . n-. iH...k..t : r . " i v " 1X878 - By NELL BRINKJJEY i J --" 0 " '-'-' g f Copyrlsht, U16, Intt rnatlonil News Service ' , It's Called: "ABE YOU HALF THE MAH YOTJB MOTHER THOUGHT YOU'D BE?" iff -""feJLjsalHHI u,.-!. rij rr. -Ai(; Aia-ll Vl-EH AuJr'wAC i lit hands, have been oinre men small uuanties .-.. i.::-i..., ..::: - -.-........, found here and there In ' ...,'f 'UA" '.. Acorn- . ?r per- 1 tlon. bear and brown bear, but as the .ie uaen louna nere anu mere in alulenro it i.. uZ. T j ,r v L'"" "-re cut out tnese will be crowd- . where man, n,rifl nf . MAi-..i .ii. , sistencc at last bore down all nnnnn . a ncir n. hA M..M.t Ljtuvu wnere. I":.'..:.. i1."l..V' "". u iuo tlon. Her rlalmii -r ..,hi...j V "",.. "! "'""" xnere jiiwniictiii iur quartz mining anu piacer ; ,i.A-- tA. Vi- V , . .icta fcw mining are comparatively good. This Hff.".'.?.;?" Handed over to an ec- ii the story I get from the miners. coal SUned by Ilnsalan. 3Innv Streams nnd Ijakes. The peninsula has numerous streams and lakes which are filled with fish Her claims were submitted to test. TfanilA.1 ,., n .... ClestlaStical COmmli(nn anil cnt fn. examination bv the T.r.i Tlitiil f f.,S '"" ""SSJ..J1 ir-nn- , and In the summer the salmon run up roil h km t K E .i in the famous university at Poitiers There are floev, AeiV it ?rrled n the rivers that flow into Cook inlet and -npart oY?& pSI'h Sf0,? MlSuSIt that she I Th"e " "' f wild birds, such as ' Resurrection bay. During my stay who ttr.i ,--; ".".".v. "'-: tit ""l iimii mr aiiimsis, sucn as the lynx, i 'ana utter, marten, ermine and mink, i -JSj: Lpx !? ducks, geese and snipe, and grouse and here I hae had all the fish and game fcfcX-TAVE VOU evei stopped to tllillk of IlOW VOU Sat at Ptarmigan are to be had almost every- I could eat The trout and salmon are II TOn,l,'n !.., 1UUIUC1 o ivticc especially fine. Fresh moose meat is tor saie in an tne towns during the open season. It brings from II to 15 cents a pound and a single animal dressed will often weigh half a ton. At ono village 70 carcasses were sold last ye..,. ..ii.c.i iiinc uj tne rtussians, wno rart , " ,,ii",, """ 7" """ "'" brought In laborers from Siberia and Sin2rf l. r,n,ty removing all sus mlners from Germany with a vlfw to ?inicB her wUn"? "n"!"- Satanic in developing the territory. Uater one of , B.r vin? L",,5 to.le.ad tha armJr ot the American steamship companies I t ,hf, W. SI2nted. .t took some of the coal to San Francisco , .'" . m,euJ.h.roupn the alliance but It was found of too low a grade Endrl1.PP?,r,t0f.rth"Lli,f.?u.rundy tnS over the whole of "FSieer north of the uwi an wen as uuisnne and th to be valuable it is lignite, varying in color from black to brown, and It cracks upon drying There are great quantities of It north of Kachemak bay, md the entire Kenai lowland may be f oal bearing. This coal will furnish fuel for the farmers, and run through Kas producers it might be used for manufacturing purpose. lla Future In rnrming. The gre.it future of the Kenat .penin sula lies Its farms The agricultural department experts who went over tho "u ii try a j ear or so ago have estl pro- SS?"t'i,'J.5?ero?cLmen.t" of the English JS1?."??18""1 tnS 8l0w dlsemSerraent of the kingdom of France. Joan Heads Army. Rn 2- on a roaIe dress, a suit of hiliini""0 mountert a black charger r5itei e";b.rollered with lilies, on one Soiidf PintU.rif of..Gd. enthroned on Fr.ni 2? the. ,thJ9r' tIle ""'eld of France, supported by two angels, to- 'ated that there are on the peninsula ' the r.,,fn,..,a pt?n- representing " me inuKa ana susltna val- i Vri " , , V . ""- "or swora sne ae l. where the railroad is now build- ?Iar Wt?nldube Jound beneath the al ii;g something like four million acres ' S.Bj5. theJLhurch ,r St- Catherine at of fal.iy good land This part of the ' Zlf, P.f ,,, T1)ns equipped she put her- ountry Is low and It has an equable I ?" atj n? "ead of an army of 6000 limate. Rome of the retrlon la ,! ' ren and adyanoed to the aid of Dnnnla with Hwamp and muskeg which will ' J'"' ,'" fof hard-pressed Orleans, i.f ed draining, but at least one-third I Jilw .? ele ."??" tne English and "i it win require clearing only to be ir.in.i. I.t "B nearts or Mystery. aui Romance of tkc Zodi lac at. That Row of Starry Animals in the Sky Is One of the Msst Ancient Inventions of Man's Imagination; The Moon Had Her Own Zodiac Once. " and the .. iniuim iioaniiu oniy to ue p, iii.i. . " """i" ot tne madt ready for crops. The land of the h.J5f?jWlih.,a "ew enthusiasm, the litter character is enough to make h,"rdn,?d .iold,er,s ult their swearing. i lore than eight thousand farms of a ,.L,ut thelr debauchery under her luarter oi a section each, or four thou- ;. ci S- iT . u a"er Is fight .ir,d farms of J20 acres, which Is the l,,,h1?nKll"n "er6 compelled lore, mount of land now allowed for a : Jh68 ; I rench spirit again awoke, homAAt.a in a ..b. Lite enemv nnenr r,nm f. , , The total area of the lowlands which ' KSSli!0 fl V3e re- tho village girl in suitable for farming Is about three ! nSt,0," the DauPhln to his coronation fourths the size of the eUte of Jfasel! aide rhaH..? ,,ater ",ho t0d be- l.usetu. and the beet of the lands, Ji,dre,Cnarle8 at "helms, saluting him as tl.ose which do not have to be drained t , . . .ire about twice as large as Rhode Is- n,,nnil """"$ ,A lt stake. I nd. Of the latter. on?-half lies In tho with thf Prn,v?,duJon h6r to remain v"lta and Matanuska valleys, and the ?r VnTauiS, he.r v,ctor'es were oi her half Is on the western side of the other Tni'JS..fa,ifd i "" Paris leIlal peninsula. " , ?hSr. "'olt '""owed. Left behind Hunt Evidences of FerOlltv. sold to the FnnJn1 1 VTl?'er- she was If weeds, grass and bushes are any wL i?f f "R,l,h " John ' Luxem M7 Jrt"lty. meh of this country tSn tl iS,S?2?tba.Pta? """Z will produce excellent crops. Here at In,? ri,.n iT nB"eI'. heavily fettered "-iinrlse. outside the roads and trails, Rnd,n.n"l5hi'VtoJa Bloomy prison, the the land Is a Jungle of deni? vegetal fa"f"5h Ter?orad,tCatr;led .w,tn them Hon and one wadea through ii, .. ,e.. I1 ler.r.r at the strance. witch- .'S .!?. -1 found hlgn . gT IIJSSS, tlX.tte,".W.taI Ki.iss in every open place p the for- ats ano some of it Is so thick that a yian a short distance away Is hidden Jn.n ,o. , i."3 i,""r.a l"nr turn. -r"" "t:u or soreerv on nn. The papers were sent to Paris vlcted. nwinan . .. i "tic acii i i-nriPi from view There in crr tv.A ?."?.xnfl Tardlct ot the tTnivemitv of ptream bnttnm nn -. t, ..,. .- .. J " Tvas unanlmoua that mii th. -, ZZL2"L.'T """" anu uy nanlrnmis . ...i. nairnoa otiii its . .. --wmo i.iih.1. miiitii bpih the elopes of the hills even above thi ; merited bUrntn,Je,!.'wee,dlabollca, timber line The most common Is a SrTi.wM.1' ai -ihe stake and in rcH.tnn th.t a.An,. - il! Jr.Lia . tne market Place of TimiA. A.... TIT. i or" six" feVt andrl"amS told i Sf $! J"' eccle';itics. Jon makes excellent hay. Indeed It Is cut ' mnrtvr tn0f P0tIe8s. maIa of Orleans, for that purpose ibwt Sunrise and w?s burned M,0,UAnt??and her klnP seward. It brings from J10 to 12 per i t?.? Uined X,30, "31 , ton when first harvested, and In the VV T riSf Ju was disgraced by winter rises to J20 and nnwarJ n2; flflZj0.0 shameful brutality, the ' the , B,rTn-iVn",Llion 'resting upon upon j the nglh who "allowed her eT-' nrev.nn; tH?.0 e Fen0h Who did not Prwe't,,t,he...d,ced .n.d "Pn he Trench kins who did nothing to avenge her. npward There Is good foraa-a almost .,- Tihery in this part of Alaska and It would seem that the country might be """ a stock raising section. Accord- By gaiuiett p. snnviss. "Kindly explain tho Zodiaa Ig as trology older than astronomy? How did the anclont people calculate the months? It seems to me that tho moon Is the truest to the months and the sun w in): aim me years. airs. B. Q. THE Zodiac Is an Imaginary band, or belt, encircling the heavens, marked out to the eye by a series of twelve constellations, and having the ecliptic or annual path of the sun for its central line. The Zodiac is usu ally said to have a breadth of 16 de grees, eight on each side of the ecliptic, and the paths of the moon, and the sun and all the principal planets lie "within its borders. Many of its constellations, however, overlap the Zodiac on one side, or on botn sides, its precise time and place of origin are not known, but it is be lieved to have been invented by the star-gazers of the Euphrates valley several thousand years before Christ In tho beglnnlne, there Us some reason for thinking there were OTily six divis ions of the Zodiac: afterward thev wera increased to 1, and finally to 12. These original divisions were called Signs, and when the system had settled Into complete form the Signs were named. In their order, beginning at the Vernal ISquinox tor place where tho sun cros ses the Equator when coming north ward in the spring), and running east ward around the sky: Aires (the Ram) Taurus (the Bull), Gemini (the Twins) Cancer (the Crab), Leo (the Lion), Virgo (the Virgin). Libra (the Balance), Scor pjp (the Scorpion), Sacittarlus (the Archer). Caprlcornus (the Goat), Aqua rius (the Water Bearer) and Pisces (the r isiies;. With one exception these all rep resent animals, whence the name Zo diac, from the Greek word soon, mean ing animal. About 2000 years ago the constellations of the Zodiac, which bear the same names as the Signs and run in the same order, coincided in pos ition with the Signs: but now. in oon sequence of the gradual shifting back ward of the equinoctial points owing to the Precession of the Equinoxes, the Signs, which retain their original relation to tho Vernal Equinox as a starting point, have retreated each into the constellation next west of It so that the Sign Ares Is now found In the constellation Pisces, and so on around the entire circle. Or, looking at It from another point we may say that the zodiacal animals have escaped from their cages and are marching in majestic- procession eastward through tho open doors of the rreat circle of the celestial men agerie. Each of the 12 Signs Is 30 degree In length, so that combined they make a complete circuit of 360 degrees. But the constellations, as now represented on our charts, nre of unequal length. There was once another, similar belt In the sky, called the Lunar Zodiac, which indicated the monthly cours- of the moon around the earth, and tv.ix divided into 27 or 28 Lunar Mansions or Lunar Stations, in each cf which the moon was represented as dwelling during one day of the month. The Lunar Zodiac has not been re tained by astronomers, but It still dos- sesses, I think, some mystical signifi cance in the minds of astrologers. It is probable that the Lunar Mansions are older, historically, than the Signs of the Zodiac. Astrology was before astronomy, just as the imagination always precedes science, and genera'Iy leads the way to it The Imagination is the most glorious of man's gifts, but if he undertakes to live upon it he finds it as Indigestible as a dish of diamonds. Plain science is the bread of the mind. The ancients calculated the months by the revolution of the moon. Going around the earth and the sky in a per iod of about four weeks, the moon formed a very natural and convenient measure of time In primitive days; out it has long been abandoned as a basis for reckoning the elements of the cal endar, because both the days and the seasons depend upon the sun and not upon the moon. Still for many purposes the moon serves as a celestial clock. hand, par ticularly among savage peoples, and f?r!:ec!50.nlni: ecclesiastical periods 'n civilized lands. In the goverrment of Eacter, for instance, she leads the cal culators a merry dance, and through the modern "music of the spheres" she wanders like a lost note There aro several kinds of month. I There is the sidereal month, during which the moon passes through the 12 Signs of the Zodiac, and whoso average length Is 27.32165 days. Then there is the aynodlcal month, 29.6306 days In average length, in the course of which the moon runs through a complete series of phases, from New through Full and round to New again. In an anomalistic month of 27.5546 days the moon passes fron one perlgree to the next that Is, from one period of nearest approach to the earth to another; and this Is variable in length because the perlgree Is not fixed, but squirms around together with the moon's uneasy orbit about the earth jiieii mere is tne noaal month, use- Wliile she planned your future with you, pictured what a man you'd be? And you threw your amis around her, promised all you'd do some day The happiness you'd bring to her when she was old and gray? CHORUS. ZaVe Jiou l(epl your promise lo her Thai sou made while on her knee? Can you truly say You're half the man today That she alaays thought you'd be? Is she proud to be your Mother Is it joy or sorroxp in her eyes you see? Are you all she planned and prayed for All she faked and scrap'd and saved for? Are You Half the Man Your Mother Thought You'd Be? an average length of 27.21222 days. In faet, the moon makes a very "sweet regent of the skies," full of mystery, llbratlon and fascination; but the sun possesses a masculine steadiness that ful in calculating eclipsed, and having guide: m"torl' r - - HOROSCOPE - - - " Saturday, April 22. 1013, ASTROLOGY reads this as a for tunate day, for Venus and the sun run strongly for good. Mars and Uranus are mildly adverse. There is a lucky sign for all who seek employment or promotion. It Is an auspicious time to bring to the no tice of superiors or employers any re cord of effiecency. Women should be mcrre Industrious today, which promises great benefits. Hotel proprietors, restaurant keep ers and all who make appeal to love of comfort are subject to a beneficial rule. According to ancient lore the giving of presents and the wearing of new clothing should be lucky today. Publicity, advanoe notices and what ever tends to personal glorification should be exceedingly successful while this configuration prevails. Political candidates and all who de sire preferment are likely to find this government of the stars helnmi The good aspects of the sun tend I w bno iujbhj, amumon, energy and popularity and this sway Is held most beneficial to the spiritual as well as material aspirations. Danger in agriculture through heavv rains and wind Is Indicated. enus gives promise of new activi ties for American women. These ap pear to be of a public character and may be advantageous in unforseon ways. Theatrical matters come under In fluence apparently contradictory, in creased Interest In the stage Is pre saged, but professionals may suffer from amateur or semi-amateur enter prises. Motion pictures have a sign that foreshadows great development In a new field, probably educational. Persons whose birthrate it Is should tiot make changes In the coming year They may be fairly successful In busi ness or financial affairs. Employers should benefit. Children born on this day probably will succeed best when directed. These subjects of Taurus usually are Indus trious and reliable. (Copyright, 1916, by the McClure News pager Syndicate.) Sunday, April S3, 1010. ASTROLOGERS read this as an unfavorable day. Saturn and Jupiter are strongly adverse while Mercury and Uranus are friendly It is a day for rest and quiet Plans for work may be safely followed, how- i ever. If no steps toward initiative are 'taken under this configuration. Lawyers and merchants, bankers and brokers have the augury of a week or delay and disapoplntment The rule is a sinister one for the aged who may feel depressed and Ir ritable, especially If they have any heavy responsibilities. Writing Is subject" to a fairly for tunate rule and love letters have a, good omen. Preachers and teachers should And, conditions rather favorable for the ac ceptance of theories regarding spirit ual matters. The riee to prominence of leaders In, occult thought Is again prognosticated. Among these men and women who re vive what are called old superstitions one or two great minds may be dis covered. The western coast of the t'nlted States has a rule that pressages unity on some issue of national moment that may arouse antagonism. The United States Senate Is subject to planetary lnflences making to? scenes that are sensational some time in May. Rise In food prices la predicted in the summer and Venus foreshadows in crease In the cost of all sorts of cloth lng. New aspects of the servant problem, will develop, the seers fortell. but liv ing problems' will be simplified within, the next few years. Persons whose birthdate It Is may sustain heavy losses in money or busi ness prestige, but they will not suffer Severity If they avoid speculation. Children born on the day are Ukeiy to be exceedingly bright and clever. These subjects of Taurue usually are careless In money matters Venus is their principal ruling planet. Copy right 1016, by the McClure -Newspapar Syndicate.