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El Paso herald. (El Paso, Tex.) 1901-1931, April 22, 1916, HOME EDITION, Magazine and Feature Section, Image 30

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Southern End of Alaskan Railroad
Opens 400,000 Acres of Rich Land
Frank G. Carpenter
(Copyright. 1315. by Frank
G. Caroenter.)
Grating awl Dairying Possibilities of Alaska Being Realized and Homesteads Are Rapidly Being Taken Up by
American Homeseeker.
SI MUSK. Kenai Peninsula, Alaska
prll 2! ThlB letter is about the
Kenai peninsula and the short
valleys Just north of It, through which
1 nele Sam is now building the first
section of the railroad from Seward to
1'airbanks. I am writing at Sunrise,
on the northern end of the peninsula,
on the shore of Turnagaln firm. I am
within a few miles of the end of the
Maska Northern railway, which Unole
Sam bought of the builders, and, ae
the crow files, within IS or JO miles
f Anchorage, the present beadquart-
rs of the railroad construction. I
have come Here from Seward, across
countrj, as described In my last letter,
ind am now waiting for a motor boat
f some kind to take me out of Turn
iKaln Arm into Cook Inlet and on up
Knik Arm to Anchorage.
The Department of Agriculture has
1uFt completed a soil survej of the
. oiintry. Two of Its experts, Hugh H.
l'-cnnett and Thomas 1). Rice, have re
cently traveled oyer It to estimate its
farming possibilities and their work
will he accessible to the public through
fie department at Washington.
Flrat Country Opened by llnllwny.
And now let us take a look at the
Tirat country to be opened by the gov
ernment railroad. It will be the
lvi'iai peninsula and the Matanuska
nd Susitna valles Just north 'of It.
Within a year from now there will be
regular trains running across the pen
insula from Seward to Anchorage, and
t! e road should be completed from the
ater town up the Matanuska lalley
to he coal fields.
The distance from Seward to Aj--i-orage
m less than one hundred
miles, and the tracks of the Alaska
Northern rallroax already reach more
ihsn three-fourtt s of the way. They
to almost direciiv northward from
reward on Resurrection bay. crossing
many beautiful valleys, to Turnagaln
rm The distance is seventy-one
miles, and the twenty-odd miles from
i nere is Knlk Arm or Anchorage can
aslly be constructed.
So far the government has done
practically nothing to repair the
'racks of the Alaska Northern and to
i.ut it into condition. But there is a
K."soluie car which runs northward
froin Seward dally for a distance of
r. miles, and this Is being operated
for the government. The rates of pas
isre are about 7 cents a mile, and
rdphts are correspondingly high
Homesteads Itelnj: Taken Up,
A large number of homesteads have
already been taken up along the line
of the railroad althoutth no cultiation
or clearing of an gieat extent has
been done Northward from Anchor
nfre in the Matanuska and Susitna val
).s, homesteads are now being taken
up and aDOUi mo nunareu lariue naic
lread been registered along Knik
rm Theie are several thousand peo-
nie in Inir at Anchi rage, several hun-
.irrt at Knlk. and ethers are preparing
i ut farms out or the woods or me
'lvtaiiuska valley and along the Suslt
l.d Many are planning to get farms
near the coal lands
Mnnr Mlnlnc Camps.
On the Kenai peninsula the only
large center of population Is Seward.
The other settlements are mining
rimpi or little collections of log cab
tin occupied b prospectors who are
traeltng over the peninsula, looking
for irold Thi re arj two such camps
n Turnagair Arm One is at Sun
,vo. where T ni now writing, and an
, t li, r is at Hope, .i few miles to the
-w 'Uwarrl lioth camps have alto
i ther not oer two hundred Inhabl
i (in n
Is is Lot Cnbln Camp.
SiinriPe has perhaps 20 log cabins.
In one is a reneral store, kent hv an
In German, and another is Arno Lleb- I Prayer.
her s roadhouse, where I am living. , When
Mjnininp in.- roaanouse is a snacK I
.out as big as a hall bedroom with '
i tie wordi "U. a Post Office" over the
iror Many of the other cabins are
mpt They wre built when Sunrise
v as the renter of a mining excitement
: nd one thousand-odd prospectors were
washing the sands of Six-Vile liver and
ihe other creeks about here for gold.
'IV dm a dredge made in Seattle is
turning up the bed of the river, but the
inoriti are little, because the dredge
bucket, which hold only two cubio
feet, are too small Farther up the
river Is Duncan Stewart's mining
lng to the farming experts, this is tho
destiny of much of the region. They
figure that the territory I have de
scribed will support 161.000 stock, and
allow eight acres per animal. They
say the country should be devoted
also to dairying, and that properly
used it can be made to produce some
think like 25,000.000 pounds of butter
or 60,000,000 pounds of cheese a year.
It is in about the same latitude as
parts of Finland and the Scandinavian
peninsula, which are celebrated for
tbelr butter and cheese, and the
climate 1b fully as mild In this con
nection the Island of Kodlak, about
100 miles or so west of Seward, also
promises to be a great dairying and
ntockraising center. The government
has an experimental farm there. I
shall write of it in the future.
To Have Experimental .Station.
So far we have had no experiment
stations on the Kenai peninsula, al
though one will now be established to
show what can be done. The experts
of the department of agriculture say
that early varieties of grain will ma
ture, and that barley and oits will
produce excellent crops. According to
mem zvv uusueia oi potatoes TO an
sunlight they get, and for this reason
the people claim that the have a
Fr0IvP8.,2ta.80D quUe. as lonJP a that
in the northern parts of the .states.
This begins some time in May, and con
tinues until along m September
The people add to the growing sea
son by starting their vegetables in hot
beds and hothouses and many sprout
their potatoes indoors, putting down a
layer of potatoes, then a laer of earth
h,Sn a ,ayer ?f Potatoes and so on.'
When the weather warms up thev set
out the sprouts, and thus gain several
weeks on Jack Frost.
The summer season at Seward Is
about 116 days, and there is a period of
IIS days in the summer during which
no frost has been recorded. The aver
aco growing season over th -hni.
J region is perhaps 110 days, or as long
"5 '!'"-. .." " "1B "ormern parts
of the United States proper.
Is Well Wooded. """
The most of this country is well
wooded. The best trees are in ih. i.
lands and on the lower slopes of the
mountains, the timber stopping at
about 2000 feet The wood, ?. T
groves of spruce, hemlock and poplar,
with patches of bushes and open mea-
acre can bo grown on the good soils dows between. The open places have
without fertilization, and cabbage, let- been largely caused by forest fires
tuce, beets, turnips, garden peas and i and you frequently find considerable
carrots can be raised without trouble. I areas of dead and down timber. The
Strawberries have been grown In trees are usually small. A few of the
places, and there are wild raspberries spruces aro more than two feet in
a'most everywhere. I have seen wild diameter, but many are bo bigger
currants and blueberries in the woods, i around than telegraph poles. The
There is a low bush cranberry that poplars grow In dense forests. Th.r
makes very good Jam, and a high bush
unnuorrj uist manes excellent jeny.
There are also salmonberries and
Mas Temperate Cllmole.
The climate of the Kenai penslnsula
Is far different from what one would
expect from its place on the map. It
us temperate ratner tnan frigid, and it
compares favorably with that Of our
north central states. The Japanese
current which flows along the southern
shores of Alaska makes It so warm
that the sea never freezes at Seward.
The greater part of Cook inlet is open
throughout the winter, and the warm
coastal waters give the country a tem
perate summer and a winter that is
only moderately cold. Here at Sunrise
they have kept records for eight or
nine years, and the winter temperature
averages about 14 degrees above zero,
rising to 17 above In December and
February and falling to as low as nine
In January. The average spring tero
perature is about 33 degrees and in the
summer the thermometer has an average-
of 61, although it goes up to 78
and 79 at some times '
The peninsula is about as far north
as Stockholm or Petrograd. This gives
it long days during the summer, and
in pans or June and Julv there la
are tall, straight and beautiful. Tii
are cottonwoods In the lowlands that
reach a thickness i of two or ahree.
The best trees are on the best lands
and nearly everywhere trees large
enough for log cabins are to be had
So far much of the timber Is pro
tected by the government reservations
and in Seward they pay high for lum
ber, which has been brought from
Puget sound, a distance as great as
that between Cape Cod and the Mis
souri river. This is so notwithstanding
there Is fairly good timber ten or 1?
miles away. Indeed most people In
Alaska thing the countrv i maMn.
served. Uncle Sam's fears for posterity
hanging, like Sindbad's 'lOld Man of
the Sea," around their necks.
Cost of Clearing I.rinil.
I have made some inquiries as to the
cost of clearing the land. It ranges
from $100 to several hundred dollars
per acre. Even the first figure seems
high until one considers that 1100 in
labor would not begin to clear and pre
pare for cultivation any of the wooded
farm lands of the states. Every acre
of Ohio, Viteinia, Tennessee and Ken
tucky has cost more than that to cut
down the trees and get out the roots.
C.t.l. 1 ,,. ? . uwwi
sWMSWMisra ' 35SsEfcSuaF5
Woman Saves Prance
Jonn of Arc, Greatest of Woman
Patriots, Ik Darned At Stake
As a Witch.
TOAN OF ARC. or more properly
Jeannetta Dare, afterwards known
close to the surface. They spread out
use a net under a thin coating of moss
and soil, and as soon as the tree dies
the stumps can be torn out by a good
team of horses. It Is only In a few
places that dynamite will be needed,
and if the ground Is burned over most
of the stumps can be Jerked out with a
log chain and a team. Th !, --
i soft and easy to cut and tho roots can
o lorn out ov me plow.
Deep Moss liverrnhere.
The greater part of the land is cov
ered with moss, which. In places. Is a
foot or so deep. The soil is wet and
so sour It needs lime It seldom pro
duces good crops at the start and needs
to be broken up and exposed to the
air to sweeten It There Is a great
difference in the soils of the peninsula.
nlttCA Yln In I.An.nllr
llUA .t..l..KB . .. ... .. "
-,ow mmuub. lugeuier wun tne pro
phecy current In Lorraine that the
kingdom lost by a woman (queen Isa
bella) should be saved by a virgin,
helped to define her hnlsslon.
Abounding physical energy. Intense
mental activity and an abnormal sensi
tive nervous, temperament charac
terized her youth. She Was an ex-
. . j.j . tiiiari aauEnisr. nnnrmitiir ., nnai
profit ."nS'wtorVi, VrTl , wfenSllW'i?1" "S
to be good. 2I. o. i '. In. the V.se of the
other towns are Kenai, Kasllof, Sel
dovla and Port Graham, on Cook Inlet
Kenai has a population of 250, and Set
lnvia, at the southwestern end of the
pemnsuis, nas less than 2W Bott
hjve fish canneries and so have Qasl
In France as Jeanne d'Arc. tho
maid of Orlenas. was born about .Tan-
uary , nil. In Domreny, France. Jea ! quLte .?" much as In the United States,
rhroeueheahnod tve"d,orwr,te- aml "5ciT7fl2,"V5SS,aX0SK SS:
through her mother's influence who There are vast quantities of muskeg, a
made a pilgrimage to Koine, she' spent 80rt. I marsh, consisting of peat so sal
much of her time in solitude a . StrlSXr lW I.1' JPS
I whatever except when well drained.
13 she constantly talked of. . Ti".K.e are other lands which are un
seeing visions and he.rin,- nri.. 1 "5 .. wun stratum of ice and
voices Which told hsr tn restnr. h,n. SE -W"?rAine.r. " " M frozen
Ptaess to France and give aid to I JA" "r " n, .wA"?wd.??P-
t.nmrles VII.,
phln whose
eir nl,l in I fT' V '."' "" "V. '"" "?w ?P- "
the weak-hearted Dau: ! hV7 VZVZZXXL -"Ji-moJ-
the frozen condition beneath is sup
posed to have existed for thousands
of years. It Is only by burning ott the
moss that the ground can be thawed,
and It will take a long time to get all
of the frost out
Great name Country.
The settlers of tho Kenai peninsula
win have a game country that com
??rt?, favorably wth the eastern
I nlted States In colonial times. This
Is one of the best big game regions
of Alaska. It Is already attracting the
attention nr muirtimiti n i.. ...te
ller of city men who come here to hunt
inuuse anu mountain
t needle. She decisively renslled all ad.
vances made by young men and while
performing the usual round of her
.u i. ' mwaruiy in grossed with
nhn l v.l.
", thoughts far beyond th. clrcTTnf bar . l'"; ..lnA ?amc ? D P-
oota i dallr routine . i "T-" "','.,' il " " mountainous Te
nant- . ' "UnC. s cons WM) K. . snnrt.man',. r. .... .4 1 ...
-. . r . . .- - l inacrsroes Sprit TV.t. I - .... ., ' " " ,..j.
"m anu f-orc uranBm. jt is not ar i qi, avmn.t.i.A (. i, ,
from Kenai. where the first gold In ' ?? in ?hPe Jlvi.lon ntV'lf ,rJ6?.ns
Alaska was found It was discovered Sa"i. l?e 'visions which rent the
h he Russlana beinir washed out of iSK 2i -f"?6 ami at IS
m Kenai rlv.r in issn inn ' r5."." P tne idea that she
for generations to come.
The country Is noted for Its moose
pastures and It has the finest moose
of the territory. They are plentiful In
tne central and western parts of the
BAVAflieAn ,l-j . . -.. . ... .. .... nao . IHB ceil
rara befor the if rritory came Into ' her WnV 'e fi wT Cr?Wn Pfnt,nula- There are now also many
i uuaitucs . n-. iH...k..t : r . " i v "
i J --" 0 " '-'-' g f Copyrlsht, U16, Intt rnatlonil News Service ' ,
iff -""feJLjsalHHI
u,.-!. rij rr. -Ai(; Aia-ll Vl-EH AuJr'wAC
i lit hands,
have been
oinre men small uuanties .-.. i.::-i..., ..::: - -.-........,
found here and there In ' ...,'f 'UA" '.. Acorn- . ?r per-
1 tlon.
bear and brown bear, but as the
.ie uaen louna nere anu mere in alulenro it i.. uZ. T j ,r v L'"" "-re cut out tnese will be crowd- . where
man, n,rifl nf . MAi-..i .ii. , sistencc at last bore down all nnnnn . a ncir n. hA M..M.t Ljtuvu wnere.
I":.'..:.. i1."l..V' "". u iuo tlon. Her rlalmii -r ..,hi...j V "",.. "! "'""" xnere
jiiwniictiii iur quartz mining anu piacer ; ,i.A-- tA. Vi- V , . .icta fcw
mining are comparatively good. This Hff.".'.?.;?" Handed over to an ec-
ii the story I get from the miners.
coal SUned by Ilnsalan.
3Innv Streams nnd Ijakes.
The peninsula has numerous streams
and lakes which are filled with fish
Her claims were submitted to
test. TfanilA.1 ,., n ....
ClestlaStical COmmli(nn anil cnt fn.
examination bv the T.r.i Tlitiil f f.,S '"" ""SSJ..J1 ir-nn- , and In the summer the salmon run up
roil h km t K E .i in the famous university at Poitiers There are floev, AeiV it ?rrled n the rivers that flow into Cook inlet and
-npart oY?& pSI'h Sf0,? MlSuSIt that she I Th"e " "' f wild birds, such as ' Resurrection bay. During my stay
who ttr.i ,--; ".".".v. "'-: tit ""l
iimii mr aiiimsis, sucn as the lynx, i
'ana utter, marten, ermine and mink, i
-JSj: Lpx !?
ducks, geese and snipe, and grouse and here I hae had all the fish and game fcfcX-TAVE VOU evei stopped to tllillk of IlOW VOU Sat at
Ptarmigan are to be had almost every- I could eat The trout and salmon are II TOn,l,'n !..,
1UUIUC1 o ivticc
especially fine. Fresh moose meat is
tor saie in an tne towns during the
open season. It brings from II to 15
cents a pound and a single animal
dressed will often weigh half a ton.
At ono village 70 carcasses were sold
last ye..,.
..ii.c.i iiinc uj tne rtussians, wno rart , " ,,ii",, """ 7" """ "'"
brought In laborers from Siberia and Sin2rf l. r,n,ty removing all sus
mlners from Germany with a vlfw to ?inicB her wUn"? "n"!"- Satanic in
developing the territory. Uater one of , B.r vin? L",,5 to.le.ad tha armJr ot
the American steamship companies I t ,hf, W. SI2nted. .t
took some of the coal to San Francisco , .'" . m,euJ.h.roupn the alliance
but It was found of too low a grade Endrl1.PP?,r,t0f.rth"Lli,f.?u.rundy tnS
over the whole of "FSieer north of the
uwi an wen as uuisnne and th
to be valuable it is lignite, varying
in color from black to brown, and It
cracks upon drying There are great
quantities of It north of Kachemak bay,
md the entire Kenai lowland may be
f oal bearing. This coal will furnish
fuel for the farmers, and run through
Kas producers it might be used for
manufacturing purpose.
lla Future In rnrming.
The gre.it future of the Kenat .penin
sula lies Its farms The agricultural
department experts who went over tho
"u ii try a j ear or so ago have estl
SS?"t'i,'J.5?ero?cLmen.t" of the English
JS1?."??18""1 tnS 8l0w dlsemSerraent
of the kingdom of France.
Joan Heads Army.
Rn 2- on a roaIe dress, a suit of
hiliini""0 mountert a black charger
r5itei e";b.rollered with lilies, on one
Soiidf PintU.rif of..Gd. enthroned on
Fr.ni 2? the. ,thJ9r' tIle ""'eld of
France, supported by two angels, to-
'ated that there are on the peninsula ' the r.,,fn,..,a pt?n- representing
" me inuKa ana susltna val- i Vri " , , V . ""- "or swora sne ae
l. where the railroad is now build- ?Iar Wt?nldube Jound beneath the al
ii;g something like four million acres ' S.Bj5. theJLhurch ,r St- Catherine at
of fal.iy good land This part of the ' Zlf, P.f ,,, T1)ns equipped she put her-
ountry Is low and It has an equable I ?" atj n? "ead of an army of 6000
limate. Rome of the retrlon la ,! ' ren and adyanoed to the aid of Dnnnla
with Hwamp and muskeg which will ' J'"' ,'" fof hard-pressed Orleans,
i.f ed draining, but at least one-third I Jilw .? ele ."??" tne English and
"i it win require clearing only to be ir.in.i. I.t "B nearts or
Mystery. aui Romance of tkc
That Row of Starry Animals in the Sky Is One of the Msst Ancient Inventions of Man's Imagination; The Moon
Had Her Own Zodiac Once. "
.. iniuim iioaniiu oniy to ue p, iii.i. . " """i" ot tne
madt ready for crops. The land of the h.J5f?jWlih.,a "ew enthusiasm, the
litter character is enough to make h,"rdn,?d .iold,er,s ult their swearing.
i lore than eight thousand farms of a ,.L,ut thelr debauchery under her
luarter oi a section each, or four thou- ;. ci S- iT . u a"er Is fight
.ir,d farms of J20 acres, which Is the l,,,h1?nKll"n "er6 compelled lore,
mount of land now allowed for a : Jh68 ; I rench spirit again awoke,
homAAt.a in a ..b. Lite enemv nnenr r,nm f. , ,
The total area of the lowlands which ' KSSli!0 fl V3e re- tho village girl
in suitable for farming Is about three ! nSt,0," the DauPhln to his coronation
fourths the size of the eUte of Jfasel! aide rhaH..? ,,ater ",ho t0d be-
l.usetu. and the beet of the lands, Ji,dre,Cnarle8 at "helms, saluting him as
tl.ose which do not have to be drained t , . .
.ire about twice as large as Rhode Is- n,,nnil """"$ ,A lt stake.
I nd. Of the latter. on?-half lies In tho with thf Prn,v?,duJon h6r to remain
v"lta and Matanuska valleys, and the ?r VnTauiS, he.r v,ctor'es were
oi her half Is on the western side of the other Tni'JS..fa,ifd i "" Paris
leIlal peninsula. " , ?hSr. "'olt '""owed. Left behind
Hunt Evidences of FerOlltv. sold to the FnnJn1 1 VTl?'er- she was
If weeds, grass and bushes are any wL i?f f "R,l,h " John ' Luxem
M7 Jrt"lty. meh of this country tSn tl iS,S?2?tba.Pta? """Z
will produce excellent crops. Here at In,? ri,.n iT nB"eI'. heavily fettered
"-iinrlse. outside the roads and trails, Rnd,n.n"l5hi'VtoJa Bloomy prison, the
the land Is a Jungle of deni? vegetal fa"f"5h Ter?orad,tCatr;led .w,tn them
Hon and one wadea through ii, .. ,e.. I1 ler.r.r at the strance. witch-
.'S .!?. -1 found hlgn . gT IIJSSS, tlX.tte,".W.taI
Ki.iss in every open place p the for-
ats ano some of it Is so thick that a
yian a short distance away Is hidden
Jn.n ,o. , i."3 i,""r.a l"nr turn.
-r"" "t:u or soreerv on nn.
The papers were sent to Paris
nwinan . .. i "tic acii i i-nriPi
from view There in crr tv.A ?."?.xnfl Tardlct ot the tTnivemitv of
ptream bnttnm nn -. t, ..,. .- .. J " Tvas unanlmoua that mii
th. -, ZZL2"L.'T """" anu uy
nanlrnmis . ...i.
nairnoa otiii its . .. --wmo i.iih.1. miiitii bpih
the elopes of the hills even above thi ; merited bUrntn,Je,!.'wee,dlabollca,
timber line The most common Is a SrTi.wM.1' ai -ihe stake and in
rcH.tnn th.t a.An,. - il! Jr.Lia . tne market Place of TimiA. A....
TIT. i or" six" feVt andrl"amS told i Sf $! J"' eccle';itics. Jon
makes excellent hay. Indeed It Is cut ' mnrtvr tn0f P0tIe8s. maIa of Orleans,
for that purpose ibwt Sunrise and w?s burned M,0,UAnt??and her klnP
seward. It brings from J10 to 12 per i t?.? Uined X,30, "31 ,
ton when first harvested, and In the VV T riSf Ju was disgraced by
winter rises to J20 and nnwarJ n2; flflZj0.0 shameful brutality, the
' the , B,rTn-iVn",Llion 'resting upon
upon j the nglh who "allowed her eT-'
nrev.nn; tH?.0 e Fen0h Who did not
Prwe't,,t,he...d,ced .n.d "Pn he Trench
kins who did nothing to avenge her.
There Is good foraa-a almost .,-
Tihery in this part of Alaska and It
would seem that the country might be
""" a stock raising section. Accord-
By gaiuiett p. snnviss.
"Kindly explain tho Zodiaa Ig as
trology older than astronomy? How
did the anclont people calculate the
months? It seems to me that tho moon
Is the truest to the months and the sun
w in): aim me years. airs. B. Q.
THE Zodiac Is an Imaginary band,
or belt, encircling the heavens,
marked out to the eye by a series
of twelve constellations, and having
the ecliptic or annual path of the sun
for its central line. The Zodiac is usu
ally said to have a breadth of 16 de
grees, eight on each side of the ecliptic,
and the paths of the moon, and the sun
and all the principal planets lie "within
its borders.
Many of its constellations, however,
overlap the Zodiac on one side, or on
botn sides, its precise time and place
of origin are not known, but it is be
lieved to have been invented by the
star-gazers of the Euphrates valley
several thousand years before Christ
In tho beglnnlne, there Us some reason
for thinking there were OTily six divis
ions of the Zodiac: afterward thev wera
increased to 1, and finally to 12. These
original divisions were called Signs,
and when the system had settled Into
complete form the Signs were named.
In their order, beginning at the Vernal
ISquinox tor place where tho sun cros
ses the Equator when coming north
ward in the spring), and running east
ward around the sky: Aires (the Ram)
Taurus (the Bull), Gemini (the Twins)
Cancer (the Crab), Leo (the Lion), Virgo
(the Virgin). Libra (the Balance), Scor
pjp (the Scorpion), Sacittarlus (the
Archer). Caprlcornus (the Goat), Aqua
rius (the Water Bearer) and Pisces (the
r isiies;.
With one exception these all rep
resent animals, whence the name Zo
diac, from the Greek word soon, mean
ing animal. About 2000 years ago the
constellations of the Zodiac, which
bear the same names as the Signs and
run in the same order, coincided in pos
ition with the Signs: but now. in oon
sequence of the gradual shifting back
ward of the equinoctial points owing
to the Precession of the Equinoxes,
the Signs, which retain their original
relation to tho Vernal Equinox as a
starting point, have retreated each into
the constellation next west of It so
that the Sign Ares Is now found In
the constellation Pisces, and so on
around the entire circle.
Or, looking at It from another point
we may say that the zodiacal animals
have escaped from their cages and
are marching in majestic- procession
eastward through tho open doors of
the rreat circle of the celestial men
agerie. Each of the 12 Signs Is 30 degree
In length, so that combined they make
a complete circuit of 360 degrees. But
the constellations, as now represented
on our charts, nre of unequal length.
There was once another, similar belt
In the sky, called the Lunar Zodiac,
which indicated the monthly cours- of
the moon around the earth, and tv.ix
divided into 27 or 28 Lunar Mansions
or Lunar Stations, in each cf which
the moon was represented as dwelling
during one day of the month.
The Lunar Zodiac has not been re
tained by astronomers, but It still dos-
sesses, I think, some mystical signifi
cance in the minds of astrologers. It
is probable that the Lunar Mansions
are older, historically, than the Signs
of the Zodiac. Astrology was before
astronomy, just as the imagination
always precedes science, and genera'Iy
leads the way to it The Imagination
is the most glorious of man's gifts, but
if he undertakes to live upon it he
finds it as Indigestible as a dish of
diamonds. Plain science is the bread
of the mind.
The ancients calculated the months
by the revolution of the moon. Going
around the earth and the sky in a per
iod of about four weeks, the moon
formed a very natural and convenient
measure of time In primitive days; out
it has long been abandoned as a basis
for reckoning the elements of the cal
endar, because both the days and the
seasons depend upon the sun and not
upon the moon.
Still for many purposes the moon
serves as a celestial clock. hand, par
ticularly among savage peoples, and
f?r!:ec!50.nlni: ecclesiastical periods 'n
civilized lands. In the goverrment of
Eacter, for instance, she leads the cal
culators a merry dance, and through
the modern "music of the spheres" she
wanders like a lost note
There aro several kinds of month. I
There is the sidereal month, during
which the moon passes through the 12
Signs of the Zodiac, and whoso average
length Is 27.32165 days. Then there is
the aynodlcal month, 29.6306 days In
average length, in the course of which
the moon runs through a complete
series of phases, from New through
Full and round to New again.
In an anomalistic month of 27.5546
days the moon passes fron one perlgree
to the next that Is, from one period
of nearest approach to the earth to
another; and this Is variable in length
because the perlgree Is not fixed, but
squirms around together with the
moon's uneasy orbit about the earth
jiieii mere is tne noaal month, use-
Wliile she planned your future with you, pictured what a
man you'd be?
And you threw your amis around her, promised all you'd
do some day
The happiness you'd bring to her when she was old and
ZaVe Jiou l(epl your promise lo her
Thai sou made while on her knee?
Can you truly say
You're half the man today
That she alaays thought you'd be?
Is she proud to be your Mother
Is it joy or sorroxp in her eyes you see?
Are you all she planned and prayed for
All she faked and scrap'd and saved for?
Are You Half the Man Your Mother Thought You'd Be?
an average length of 27.21222 days. In
faet, the moon makes a very "sweet
regent of the skies," full of mystery,
llbratlon and fascination; but the sun
possesses a masculine steadiness that
ful in calculating eclipsed, and having guide: m"torl'
r - - HOROSCOPE - - - "
Saturday, April 22. 1013,
ASTROLOGY reads this as a for
tunate day, for Venus and the
sun run strongly for good.
Mars and Uranus are mildly adverse.
There is a lucky sign for all who
seek employment or promotion. It Is
an auspicious time to bring to the no
tice of superiors or employers any re
cord of effiecency.
Women should be mcrre Industrious
today, which promises great benefits.
Hotel proprietors, restaurant keep
ers and all who make appeal to love
of comfort are subject to a beneficial
According to ancient lore the giving
of presents and the wearing of new
clothing should be lucky today.
Publicity, advanoe notices and what
ever tends to personal glorification
should be exceedingly successful while
this configuration prevails.
Political candidates and all who de
sire preferment are likely to find this
government of the stars helnmi
The good aspects of the sun tend I
w bno iujbhj, amumon, energy and
popularity and this sway Is held most
beneficial to the spiritual as well as
material aspirations.
Danger in agriculture through heavv
rains and wind Is Indicated.
enus gives promise of new activi
ties for American women. These ap
pear to be of a public character and
may be advantageous in unforseon
Theatrical matters come under In
fluence apparently contradictory, in
creased Interest In the stage Is pre
saged, but professionals may suffer
from amateur or semi-amateur enter
prises. Motion pictures have a sign that
foreshadows great development In a
new field, probably educational.
Persons whose birthrate it Is should
tiot make changes In the coming year
They may be fairly successful In busi
ness or financial affairs. Employers
should benefit.
Children born on this day probably
will succeed best when directed. These
subjects of Taurus usually are Indus
trious and reliable.
(Copyright, 1916, by the McClure News
pager Syndicate.)
Sunday, April S3, 1010.
ASTROLOGERS read this as an
unfavorable day. Saturn and
Jupiter are strongly adverse
while Mercury and Uranus are friendly
It is a day for rest and quiet Plans
for work may be safely followed, how-
i ever. If no steps toward initiative are
'taken under this configuration.
Lawyers and merchants, bankers and
brokers have the augury of a week or
delay and disapoplntment
The rule is a sinister one for the
aged who may feel depressed and Ir
ritable, especially If they have any
heavy responsibilities.
Writing Is subject" to a fairly for
tunate rule and love letters have a,
good omen.
Preachers and teachers should And,
conditions rather favorable for the ac
ceptance of theories regarding spirit
ual matters.
The riee to prominence of leaders In,
occult thought Is again prognosticated.
Among these men and women who re
vive what are called old superstitions
one or two great minds may be dis
covered. The western coast of the t'nlted
States has a rule that pressages unity
on some issue of national moment that
may arouse antagonism.
The United States Senate Is subject
to planetary lnflences making to?
scenes that are sensational some time
in May.
Rise In food prices la predicted in the
summer and Venus foreshadows in
crease In the cost of all sorts of cloth
New aspects of the servant problem,
will develop, the seers fortell. but liv
ing problems' will be simplified within,
the next few years.
Persons whose birthdate It Is may
sustain heavy losses in money or busi
ness prestige, but they will not suffer
Severity If they avoid speculation.
Children born on the day are Ukeiy
to be exceedingly bright and clever.
These subjects of Taurue usually are
careless In money matters Venus is
their principal ruling planet. Copy
right 1016, by the McClure -Newspapar

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