Newspaper Page Text
Cable News, and
CaLle News and
1 Automobile Section
Saturday, May Nineteenth, 1917.
ULIili I if lillV
i W1ITF PFACF WiTp fll
iiUuL nil L LnUL III I TLICHTCPIC '
IIIOWISII: 7e elected
firm inrnrmiut ninrnn
Distinguished War Writer
acter Says Demoralization
Temporary and People Will Continue to Give
Their Sons to Fight; No Peasant Leaders.
.EIUJX, Germany, May 19. The
German press continues to de-
ote much space to the Russian
-luation, and daily expresses the coa
iction that a separate peace with the
rri-ut eastern enemy Is not far oft
T .is optimism la not shared by all
c-vspapers, however. Quite a num
; or them expect no favorable re
mits from the Russian revolution for
ue ctatral powers, and in the Bres-
. . 3- neralanbelger a writer who
the Russian nation intimately
n predicts that within six months
.... i!U:tary strength of Russia will
i -ater than ever before.
A'o Separate Peace. Belief.
! ; . - foolish to base any peace
: ope or the revolution which threw
iur irom his throne," this well
Z'jtv el student of Eusslan affairs
.. "luere will be no civil war n
': -a and r.o separate peace. The
-. ..-io ...: government may not
;. ' -w.i .tself as it Is constituted,
t the radical Socialists clamoring
x ; peace will not be able to organ-
ze a new ministry, because they lack
. ajjaU leaders. The few fire brands
wd agitators like Skobeleff. Tschedze
.no other who now sway the masses
v nh higii sounding phrases of com
j c 1 .erty and equality control only
comparatively small part or we
uiatio'.i ai.a wotua ne overcurown
,n..k!v bv tie middle and upper i
ia--sfs if they should place them-
selves at the head of the government
. coup de'etat- ,,,.,
"ru only one of the Socialistic
jiuc s woo eujuj3 rccpcvi. iu ""-
r od is Kerensky, the former.minfster
. .ljucc, who now is minister of'
r and marines.
Pennants "Without leader.
rue illiterate peasants have no
. a r who could Wing about a dan-
- ru.g uprising. They do not bother
t i. tads about international af-
"ause they know nothing of
L! they want Is land, and
-Kj T.ill.get, After the great
-. i-s tc (iivided.amoap them they
.'; not trouble the government and
nui to be expected that they
UUL31UC Ul fc41C 1 1 .. V" u.
:i nunc ALL
Fireballs Dropped From
Airplanes Could Destroy
HAS NEW SCHEME
.iilMINJHAM. Eng, May 19. A
plan to destroy the German
tops by setting them on Are by
ea. s of fireballs"' dropped Wm en
Vei.t? airplanes Is suggested by lord
jUiiope. a former member of the
B-.t"l army who has given much
'.eagui tu the food situation brought
a' o-u uy this war. Lord Calthrope
name; a daughter of Ogden Hof
c.ana Burrows, of Newport, R. L
Lo-3 Calthrope's proposal, made
known through letters to the news
, r.apers in London and other cities of
Eiigiaad, has attracted a great deal
c: uenuon. While many methods
fo:- ht uiging Germany to terms by the
-taa-vation route have been suggested,
. such theory as lord Calthrope's
Lrd uefure been , broached.
In the Rhine valley and districts
i. reach or our aircraft." he
v. itei. -there aro vast tracts of land
-tanied with grain the -fields touch-
- s one another, and without fences
. hedres. Similar conditions exist
a : the Russian frontier of Germany
ai J fr the plains In Hungary.
"Fiieballs dropped from airplanes
Tsocld. ;f properly constructed, de-
t-o thousands of acres, as the crops
-'eiame much drier than in England,
and with little risk to the Inhabitants,
otherwise noncombatants, as cottage
jid farm buildings amonj the fields
Most Be Done Unlckly.
-jiitable fireball could soon be
d. ised and manufactured by our ex
perts but it Is imperative, however,
that Lue necessary experiments and
plans are made quickly, as the Ger-nr-n
harvests are earlier than ours.
There Is therefore no time to be lost."
Lord Calthrope says that as It has
become a ouestion as to which conn
try starves first, Germany or EnK
laid, it is important that the entente
aUies lose no time In hastening the
destruction of the German crops.
Wounded Scotchman Captures Germans
-:,:- -rjj- ' -::- -:j:- --
Disarms and Holds
LuXUoX, England, ilay 19. A wounded Scottish soldier, just returned from
the front, said in an interview that while he and others were going for-,
ward they stumbled into a shell hole, wherethey found a drummer, badly
:nd' in the face, holding two unwounded German officers prisoners.
"I 'the first attack," said the soldier, "the drummer had been separated
' ias party, and, having cornered the two German officers, he had. after f.
. - obtained possession of their revolvers and guarded than in the shell
JC 1'uur?. oespitc his wound.
' ' j .''t tbc-y might have some papers on diem that might be usuul.''
-. t'i the Llficfr at the dressing station nhich uroed quite correct
Who Knows Russian Char-
of Russia Will Be Only
will insist on peace. They will con
tinue to give their sons just as wil
lingly to the new government as they
gave them to the czar, because blind
obedience to- the authorities is al
most a religion to them.
"The present demoralization of the
Russian army is only temporary and
will be completely overcome within a
few months. Generals Alexief 'and
Gurko and Brusslloff. the highest
commanders, have the full confidence
of the officers and soldiers and can
do anything they like with them. If
these leaders say that the war must
go on nobody will question the wis
dom of their decision. - At the com
mand the soldiers would unhesitat
ingly turn against the Socialistic
worktngmen with whom they have
"All the Russian army needs to
make it efficient and powerful again
is a thorough reorganization, food.
equipment and munitions, The lat
ter necessaries will surely be fur
nished now that the United States
has entered the war on the side of
the entente. Peace is still very far
distant if it has to come through
Breweries of Northern
German Stales To Close,
as They Have No Barley
R-lin- German: Slav IS. Th&
1 breweries of Prussia, ana all northern
German states will be "competed to
(close their doors within the next few
U.eeks They have received no barley
since .February, ami the malt supply
of all of them is' about exhausted.
Their request for even a moderate
supply of barley has-been refused by
the central food commission, with the
comment that every available bit of
grain is needed for bread, i
In Bavaria, Baden and Wuerttem
berg a few breweries can be kept in
operation a little' longer, some of
them possibly all summer, because
they .formerly received larger quanti
ties o barley than Ihosa in the north.
and have saved up some of, their sup
plies. SHORT RATION!
Two Ounces of Meat for
Breakfast; Five for
Dinner Is Limit.
TRYING- TO TDDE
OVER TO AUTUMN
LONDON, Eagw May 19. A gen--cral
tightening of belts has been
necessary after rr'als In restau
rants, hotels, boarding- bouses and
clubs since the new food order went
The scale of allowances now In
force are as follows:
Breakfast Meat, 2 ounces; sugar,
2.7 ounces; bread, 2 ounces.
Luncheon Meat. 5 ounces: sugar,
2.7 ounces: bread, 2 ounces.
Dinner Meat. 5 ounces; sugar, 2.7
ounces; bread, 2 ounces.
Tea Meat, nil; sugar, 2.7 ounces;
bread, 2 ounces.
One Meatless Day.
The new order provides that there
shall be one meatless day a week, in
the city and metropolitan area on
Tuesdays and elsewhere In the United
itngaom on Wednesdays, uniy on
meatless days and on Fridays may
potatoes be eaten. Restaurant keep
ers are already loud in their grumb
lings at these regulations and pre
dict the total disappearance of the
well kLown chop and steak luncheon
which has been an institution of city
ana west Kna lire lor many years. ,
They say a chop or steak of only five
ounces cannot be worth eating and
certainly will not suffice for a whole j
The director ceneral of Food Econ- i
omy declares that the country's stock '
of foodstuff is low and urges every- i
one to be his own food controler to
cam- throueh the voluntary ration I
as laid down by lord Devonport and '
so get through September without j
having; to resort to the annoying sys
tem of compulsory rationing. 1
At the same time, he said, great ef- '
f6rts were beins: made to prevent ex- i
cess profiting and. within the last :
few days, wheat had fallen two shll- i
lings a quarter., . Stocks of foodstuff .
must not be allowed 10 ran Deiow a
danger line and it. in spite or an
warnings and appeals" to.1 patriotism,
the country refused to;respond to the
appeal -tor economy In the use of
bread, corapulsory'ratlonlcg would be
instituted at once.
2 Enemy Of&eers j
1 IS LONDON OH
humIvn TTTT jn4- A J A -ma
I Ui.HLQ, WlUUUUt .MJU, A1C
i Severely Pressed By
British in Palestine
ZURICH, Switzerland, May 19.
The military critic of the Neue
Zuericher Zeitung says of the
unfavorable position of Turkey:
"Evidently the Asiatic theater or war
is much neglected by the central
powers. This fact must be discour
aging to the Turks, whose troops
have been brought to Gallcia and
now even to the German front in
France, while their weakened armies
In Mesopotamia and Palestine are
sorely pressed and suffer one defeat
after the other.
Consider Turkish Trouble Secondary.
"The explanation for this seeming
neglect of Turkey by her allies is
simple enough. Hlndenbnrg- and the
other German army leaders from the
beginning treated the war in Asia
Minor as of secondary importance.
iney louna it necessary to concen
trate the entire strength of Germany
and Austria to nrevenr an invasion nf
Germany by the Russians, to smash ,'
the Russian stniYi TnllT- tn rfplv. !
the Russian invaders out of the larg
est part of Gallcia, to conquer Po
land, Courtland and Lithuania and to
stop the offensive which Gen. Brussl-
lorr started last summer.
When these objects were accom
plished Turkey was to receive aid,
but the offensive of the allies on the
Somme set In and Rumania entered
the war. The latter country was
smashed and put out of the struggle
In remarkably short time, and In the
west the German lines were held
against the gigantic British-French
attacks, but still no succor cduld be
sent to the hard pressed Turks, who,
on the contrary, were asked to send
more troops to the European theaters
of war and did bo.
UrltUh Offensive Interferes.
The whole winter had to be de
voted to preparations, for defence
against the new and supreme effort
of the British army of millions of
soldiers. This greatest battle of the
war is now on and Hindenburg evi
dently believes that the war will
be decided on the blood drenched
ground between Arras and the Cham
pagne. If he succeeds in breaking
the new offensive of the allies and
striking the-eounter blows which he-J
unaouDteaiy plans; wmie the German
submarines in the meantime bring-
England to the verge of starvation,
he hopes to be able to dictate the
peace conditions, in spite of the en
trance of the United States into the
Mfn rtf il rTtltfnn I1T n?
j course be the evacuation of all Turk1--
ish territory by the British and" Rus
sian troops, but If the plans mis
carry and Germany has to sue for
peace, the Turks will be the largest
losers. Instead of being rewarded for
their enormous sacrifices they will
probably lose one fourth of their em
pire." Thousand Baby Shows
To Be Held at Once in
Big British Campaign
London. Eng, May 1. One thou
sand baby shows and perambulator
parades will be part of a great na
tional campaign to be held in Eng
land during the first week of July
to promote the health and welfare of
Mayors, medical officers of health
and town clerks in 2S0 districts will
cooperate with the National Baby
Week council which Is promoting the
shows. Lord Rhondda is chairman
of the council, which includes mem
bers of the cabinet, doctors and social
In each of the z30 districts there
will be a mothercraft and baby wel
fare exhibition with competitions, and
about 40 sections devoted to every
feature of baby rearing. There will
be a first aid section, showing how
to deal with' bumps, cuts. Burns, chil
blains and other-infantile troubles.
ENGLAND'S KING AND QUEEN
WELCOME U. S. AS AN ALLY
mK .St.- . ""- .wmW RSsa-M SKKBIBJBSBOTM .BKASttSBBBSK i -, .IfftlilliiM i il .5t3ltft.&.wMagMWBSB:.
THIS r?hoIogra,jh s,jows king Ucont
sr rtau rartiedral whew Jipv
."clarat-on v mr bv the I mtetl i
Central Powers Plan
To Reconstruct Serb
IENNA, Austria, May 19. Ac
cording to the semiofficial
Fremdenblatt, the central
powers, with the consent of Bulgaria,
have definitely decided to recon
struct Servla after the war. The
kingdom will be considerably larger
than formerly (although Bulgaria is
to keep the parts inhabited by Bul
garians, because it will be united
with Montenegro and a portion of Al
bania, with Durazzo or some other
harbor as an outlet to the sea, ac
cording to the plan.
Mirko To Itnle.
The future ruler of the kingdom
probably will be prince Mirko of
Montenegro, the second son of king
Nicholas. It is said that the eleva
tion of the prince - to the throne of
new Servia has practically been de
The prince, who is 2S years old,
Join British Chamber of.
Commerce to Restrict
ADELAIDE, Australia, May 19.
Australian commercial houses
and business men have declared
themselves through their chambers of
commerce, to be in accord with those
of other parts of the British empire
In planning to prohibit or restrict
trade with enemy countries for a
term of years after the war. They
also approve the plans adopted In
London and Paris conferences on
aftsr-war business conditions to give
permanent preference to trading be
tween the different parts or the em-..
Dire - and with allied countries, as
against enemy countries." Favorahle
treatment to neutral nauons in tnis
respect also is approved.
.froposais along those lines were
recommended by the London chamber
of commerce and have been adopted
by the Associated Chambers of Com
merce of Australia
After Wr Plan Approved.
It Is Intended to accomplish most
of these results affecting- business
after the war by revision of the- tariff
and of the shipping and naturaliza
tion laws. Among the after-war
steps approved by the Australian
chambers of commerce were:
Restriction of enemy traders with
in the empire.
Penalization of enemy shipping.
Retention of all German ships now
In possession .of the entente allies.
Replacement by the Teutonic allies
of all ships sunk by them.
Encouragement within the empire
of industries necessary to the public
Prevention of the control by enemy
countries of raw materials and re
sources of the British empire.
State cooperation In promoting
trade banks to aid in exporting prod
ucts of the empire.
A committee of the Associated
Chambers of Commerce was directed
to formulate further economic meth
ods to recuperate the wealth of the
British empire depleted by the war.
Man 101 Says Eating
Salt Gives Longevity
London. Eng, May 19 Wllliat4
Mugfur, a farmer of Colant. Cornwall,
who Is still hale and active, has just
celebrated his 101st birthday and ex
plained his longevity by the advice,
"eat plenty of salt".
aca c ri
has always been considered the
"black sheep" of the Montenegrin
family. Since the war began his
wife has left him and his father has
threatened to lock him up, because
instead of fighting at the front like
his brothers, he enjoyed life at Anti
varl with a French nurse, with whom
he had fallen in love. Later he was
thrashed by a Swiss hotel keeped
at Scutari, whose wife he molested
with unwelcome attentions.
Illrlco Mnkra Trace.
When Montenegro was conquered I
by the Austrians and king Nicholas ,
went to France with crown prince I
Danilo, prince Peter and the rest ot
the royal family. Mirko remained in
Cetinje with several of the ministers.
H concluded a kind of a truce or
sensrata neace with the Austro-llun-
garian government, and has since j
spent much of his time In Vienna, j
That his father denounced him as a
traitor to his country does not seem ,
to worry him mu'-h. because te Is
much more powenui ruier man
his sire was.
f HIGH PEAK FHOM
Famous "Hohe Schneid"
I Falls After Months of
A TXT A V CPPTTfVNrCS i colony tnat aweiiea in riorenco an iocai social leaders. In Rome the com
Ji.yjX Oil U A IU1XU j the vear around began to disperse In' mittee Is presided over by aueen
QUARTERS OX THE ITALIAN
FRONT, May 19. After months
of careful preparations, Austro-Hun-sarlan
Alpine troops have captured
the famous "Hohe Schneid"' peak nl
the Artier group, on Italian soil. The
peak rises to aheight of 10,200 feet
four miles south of the Mount Stllvio
ridge, and its possession enables the
Austrianis to dominate th whole
mountain region in this sector and to
hold the Mount StUvio Pass-against J
, M ' -
D I racniliesiareat.
The capture of. the. "Hohe Schneid"
may 'be classed KScra6 of the greatest
feats of the campaign on the Italian
front, as the difficulties which had to
be overcome were enormous. During
tire winter months, while blizzards
howled around the dizzy heights,
Austrian sappers and engineers .dug
and blasted tunnels through the
eternal snow and Ice on the moun
tains. This work took many weeks,
and was as dangerous as It was
Bit; Gin TjL
In the meantime, a number of the
heaviest Austrian, guns were draggnd
to the tops of the mountain pei"i
north and northeast of the "Hohe
Schneid." As soon as the tunnels
were completed these batteries opened
mime uwuuiiu ocviiwug wc WW...
to pieces, but still the- Italian bat
teries vigorously returned tae lire
from their vantage points.
When at last the majority of the
Italian guns were silenced the final
dash began. Advancing through tbe
Ice tunnels the Austrians and Hun
garians reached the summit of the
"Hohe Schneid" and overpowered the
Italian forces holding the peak In a
short, but extremely bloody, had-to
American Gives $50,000
To Cambridge University
Cambridge. Eng., May 19. An
anonymous American donor has given
Cambridge university $50,000 as an
endowment fund for the Inauguration
of a school of Spanish language, lit
erature and history.
'jier vai tit ou';li the stTets o 1
In UK at)'. t'Mnkwt ug '"ii
Queen Of Belgians
In Florence Keeps
Identity a Secret
OME, Italy, May 19. Elizabeth,
queen of the Belgians, is In
Florence, where she will spend
four or five months in strict incog
nita She is the first royal visitor to
the city since the terrible conflict be-
&&".' ftwri.K trzatss.
Queen Elizabeth ot Belsiom.
sac The large, distinguished exotic
1914. and today only a few aged Eng-1
lish and American womm are Mt
behind to remind the Florentine cab
by of the prosperous time that was.
Turls Treat Captured
British, Officers Well,
Men Fare Differently
Lonaon. Ens, May 19. Gen. Towns
bend, who was captured in Kut-el-
:"" , ? , J T ,TT x-mo
Mesopotamia, is lodged in the Villa
Hampson at Prinktpo, an island In the
Sea of " Marrabra! ' H "praises the
thoughtful "attention of the Ottoman
authorities for his comfort.
This atatement Is made- l7 the In
ternational committee of the Red
Cross in their latest reports. Dele
gates of this society have visited,
many depots wherein British, French
and Indian officers are placed and ,
they report that it must oe recogmzea
that the TurklsH authorities had made
serious attempts to alleviate the hard-,
ships of these officers in captivity.
The report says: 1
Tn fi.rn.ral th best hotels and Dri-I
Lvate houses have been placed at the;
disposal or the British ana rencn oi
flcers. With some exceptions. 'the of-i
ficers have not made any complaints
as to their lodgings and food. As for i
the- soldiers, the question is aiiierenu;
to Last Until
laey are comens. WIU1 verjr UIUC?, cii-
dure the greatest privations and are
accustomed to the smallest amount of
nourishment. The Europeans, prin
cipals those coming from Kut, have
been so weakened by the marches
across the desert that one can under
stand their restoration to health
would be rendered difficult by an
Insufficient diet. When, as at Aflum
Karabissar. they have to work, their
strength is taxed to an extent which
is not in proportion with their power
of resistance. This Implies no blame
on the Turkish authorities, but it is
the result ot exceptional circum
At &ki Shear 6 Indian Mohamme-:
dan officers are lodged In the best
private houses In the town. At Brusa,
which was visited on November 31
and 22, 14 British officers, including
six generals were at the Hotel Brotte
and Hotel Osnanleh.
At Aflun Karahissar, on November
28, there were 67 British officers, 4SI
British soldiers and 223 Indian sol
diers. The quality of the food was
satisfactory, but the quantity rather
too small. The delegates received an
assurance from the Turkish high
command that the prisoners shall not
be obliged to work more than eight
hours a day; they receive exactly the
same food as the Turkish soldier.
The delegates declare themselves
extremely satisfied with the arrange
ments made by the British authorities
for the housing, feeding and clothing
of Turkish prisoners.
; Fugitive Italians Get
To Switzerland After
I uuuruig experiences
Zurich, Switzerland. May 19. Rag
ged and tired. 4S2 Italian fugitives
hu.ve arrived here on their way to
their native country, after many
months of hardships. These unfortu
nates, mostly laborers, circus artists
and small tradesmen, with their fami
lies, lived in Rumania when that
country entered the war.
When Bucharest fell into the hands
?h..op? oI tne central Powers
they fled to Jassy and-then-InttMBes-
&4Auid. .ine.r terrible exnerfnis
and from there thv . w- --i
through the submrin. irl.: II"'
"iiS.1 we?ks. re-means;
.a . Mauautmuon . io .France
could b procured.
Rumanian King Gives
Lands To His Soldiers
J:sj, Rumania. May 19. KinK
Ferdinand told the Rumanian sol
diers during a recent inspection that
they are all -to. participate in grants
of land rand to have greater political
rights.. .The king Is himself giving
the example by distributing his own
land to the peasants.
-This land," said the king.
uo c,1" " yuu. uiu x. you
wi'i .jt mr nrst io set an
-rakni. the cltt. You will, mm ,.-
ic s.-anted lair.- participation in tho ish reiniorcenu-nt' which necesitat(i caution ui'til tlici.- phantom character
cord A. -t i.uolic affairs." iii. , ,,. . ,
lw ... s speech lias caused e- "ad "eca 'Wahl-.c-ai
a-"faction throughout "the Mirnpes. M-rionsiy int.Tfm-ed -niih api...i1 - LvpUaa lampaign. and It
j ojct. . ialf of whu.h is ucw under vis due to the invettgat'ac '' frenb siieat -t wso accompanied tfae ex.-ICerm..'-
Uomication. jpedition that they were iirst -.meed to rncks of a-mespheric refraction.
s r Ti - limn
EN SUE IIP ALL TREASURES:
ERILOREN ALSO CONTRIBUTORS
Gifts of People to Aid Country in War Crisis Amount
to Hundreds of Millions, Treasury Officials State;
Jewelry Will Be Minted, Though Some Rare
' Pieces Will Be Sold; Queen a Contributor.
OME, Italy. May IS. The Italian
government's appeal to the na-
I tion to offer to the state all the
gold and silver Jewels and trinkets'
I that can possibly be spared has
elicited an enthusiastic response, and
! treasury officials believe a sum run
ning well into the hundreds of mil
lions win be collected.
Women Gather Up Gold.
Women commutes for the colleotlon
of gold have been formed In every
ftvr YA rm M iniil.F ft... onemf. F
- "-. ... wuuw. ., UUS.bS, fc
Elena, and It Includes the represent!-
S' - ----"
were collected goiu ana sliver jewels.
old and new. valued, at nearly four
millions ot lire (JS00.OM.)
Acordlng to SIgnor Carcano, min
ister of the exchequer, the gold do
nated to the sate will be used in in
creasing the gold reserve guarantee-
leg me paper currency, aiiu aieo ia
reducing this currency as much as
possible. At the beginning of the con.
flict Italy had a paper circulation of
S09.00O.000 of lire, with a gold reserve
equal to 40 percent. During the last
two years the paper currency has been
gradually increased until it. has
reached the three billion mark. The
result has been a steady depreciation
of Italian money.
FOOD SUPPLY OF
Harvest and Can Spare
Some to Germany.
HUNGER FEAR OF
IEXXA, Austria, May 19. To dis
pel the anxiety of the public in
regard to tbe flood situation the
Austrian government has published
the report of a special commission
'tv,hich t0,,k an inTu?I of ,th.e ?up?
plies still on hand. The statement
gives the assurance that the food
stored up is not only sufficient to
sustain the nation until the next har
vest is brought in. but even makes it
possible for the dual monarchy to aid
Meat Ilatlons Abnndant.
The meat rations, which are four
times larger than In Germany, have
reen increased again and every adult
person in Austria now receives three
pounds of beef, pork or mutton a
week. The breadstuffs on hand would
reach to November or even December
if none of the grain were exported to
Young Beliian Prince
Enters British Naval
- II A i.j 1-.
KOLlege iS Midshipman
London. Eng.. May 19. The name
S2 of FiandeVsTap -
pears , ion -. of candidates who
have passed the qualifying literary
examination tor naval cadetshlps, and
will enter the Royal Naval college,
Osborne, this month.
Prince Charles, who is the second
son of the king of the Belgians. Is not
yet 14 years old. Ho was born on
October 10, 190S. He came to Eng
land with his sister, princess Marie,
at the beginning of the war. when
his country was Invaded by tho Ger
Mirages Ckeck War
-: :- -: :- -:j
PLantom Turk Troops Mystify BritisL
GAlEu, Egyt, lIay-49. "Operations had to n:saJiraray suspended owing
to a mirage," saya an offieiarcommnnieaUotrfrom tho Diala front, describ
ing a minor strategic movement there- iltwls- reminder that, despite
modern war inrentionS, there is at least out frgntrwhere world-old conditions
still play a dottiaatlng part. Thirst, hoot, anJmirage are among the moat im
portant factors to he considered in far eastern cinifgnin, jflit as they wera
30 centuries ami more ago.
Although the why and wherefore of the mirage is better understood now
than then. taetBrittsu troop in Sinai and Mesopotamia have frequently teen.
'held Tin nml inwtifio.1 in- tiu rliinn nf
f tmu..- .. f. j-
vl " aieMiwiT.
bonie time auu a mini-.- iiui.IihW ;!:
Under tbe olan outlined by Sis
Carcano all the gold and silver trin
kets collected will be minted, while
those Jewels which on account of
workmanship and the precious atones
they are studded with have a. greater
value, will be sold' at a monster pub
lic auction In Rome.
A feature of the colectloa Is the
large number of small silver and gold,
objects sent by young boys and girls.
Many societies, which at one time or
another, received gold or silver
medals, are donating them to the
government and receiving in ex
change an iron medal bearing'' the
Inscription: "Donated Gold to the
Fatherland In Time of Great Need."
The same course has been followed
by many zaanufactnrers of famous
articles, which have received gold
prizes at International or national
Queen. Gives Jewels. ',
Amonz those who have made -valua
ble donations is the duchess of Aosta.
who has sent about two pounds of.
&wiu uv& stive jowiu, uu uw
: the value of whose gift has not beert
(disclosed, and marchioness, Gugllelmi,
who sent nearly a pound ot sold.
Another feature of the molB. col
lection is that many individuals and
f institutions are exchanging at par
value American. English, French and,
Italian gold coins with the under
standing they will- receive their coins
bad; when the war Is over.
I Cut Wide Lane Through
Barbed Wire Entangle
ments of Germans.
GO INTO TOWNS
HELD BY GERMANS
LONDON, Eng May IS. How two
British "tanks," or armored
caterpillar, cars, assisted In
the capture of Wancourr. and Hentael.
south of Mochy, recently. Is breertly
described by a correspondent at the
front as follows:
Tear Thrtrach Wire Entanglement.
"Our men were held up by thos
great stretches of wire between them,
and were menaced most evilly by tbe
enfilade fire of machine suns from
Gueraappe and a high point south.
Two tanks came to the rescue and
did most daring things. Komped UP."
said an officer, though I have not
seen tanks romping. Anyhow, they
came, up In their elephantine way.
getting the most out of their engines
and most skilfully guided by their
young officers and crews, who were
out on a great and perilous- adven
ture. "Climbing over rough ground,
cleaving through snowdrifts and
mud banks, with their steel flanks
thrusting their blunt noses above old
trenches and sanaDag narricaaes.
(they made atralsht tor the great
(hedges of barbed wire and drove
"JV BoitnSd ela,s iKvau "
' "Beuise' '?, ?&?ffihu
' lowed, from a distance by the shouts
ana cheers oi ine miaciry. t wan
dered -up and down the village like a
bear on tbe prowl for something good
to eat. It found human food and
trampled upon machine gun redoubts.
firinf- intn Herman hldlnsr nlaces.
"The second tank struck a sls
zag course for HenlneL and In that
village swept down'numbera of Gerr
roan soldiers, so that they fled from
ttA liiick- monster asralnst which;
liomb3 and rifles were .of no .avail.-,
In Egyptian Deseri
ULci and trees iut a were the soldiers
ettui of tne appearance ai birr Turk