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El Paso herald. (El Paso, Tex.) 1901-1931, February 12, 1918, HOME EDITION, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88084272/1918-02-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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TODAY'S PRICES
Mexican bank notes, state bills, 918c; pesos, 68c;
Mexican gold, 52c; rationales, 17J418J$c; bar sfl
rer, H. & H. quotation, 85c; copper, $23.50; grains,
lover; livestock, steady; stocks, holiday.
AID
HOME EDITION
WEATHER FORECAST.
El Paso and West Texas, fair; New Mexico, fair;
Arizona, fair. (This is "meatless" day.)
LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
BEIJVERED ANYWHERE 60c A MONTH
EL PASO. TEXAS. TUESDAY EVENING. FEBRUARY 12. 1918.
SINGLE COPT FIVE CENTS.
14 PAGES TODAY
ITALIAN
KILL
TRIAN MA
ALLIES ARE CERTAIN
THOUGH wSt reONT
Military Men Believe Germany Has Already Stripped
East Front of Most of Its Effective Forces, That En
tente Still Has Preponderance of Men and Material
on "West Front, That Germany Will Get Beating.
tt J ASHINGTON, D. C, Feb. 12.
WHow Russia's complete with-XraTB-al
.1- ,1, -
fect the allies and the United States
in a military way cannot be accu
rately estimated at this time, officials
here believe, despite the tact that on
paper the Russian collapse would
seem to give the Germans a great nu
merical superiority of troops on the
western front.
Officially, there Is nothing to be
said on the subject, because the gov
ernment has no official Information.
Probably no definite official pro
nouncement of how It affects the sit
uation could be made anyway, with
out agreement among the co-bellig
erents and that is considered unlikely.
Jfot So Terrible a Menace
Military men, however, confident
that the allied line on the western
front will hold against any German
force that can be thrown against it.
profess not to regard the Russian sep-
wouia
arate peace as the menace it
appear on paper.
Frrelne Prisoner No Dancer.
The fact that 1.500,000 German
prisoners will be freed to return to
Germany Is regarded with no alarm at
a'.L Military men say they could not
quickly be reorganized into efficient
military units. The general opinion
"rcre Is that Germany would be more
be obliged to keep some of these HI
divisions in the vast conquered terri
tory for garrison purposes.
The one outstanding fact Is that the
military experts are sure the rein
forcements the Germans can draw
from the Russian front cannot over
whelm the western line.
AVIll T7. S. Lose Money?
Russia at this time owes the
Dnlted States S187.779.000 advanced
for supplies which already have gone
to Russia. For that sum the govern
ment holds Russian bonds. "Whether
this vast sum will be a total loss to
the United States depends on whether
the ultimate government In Russia
decides to repudiate the debt. A credit
of $313,000,000 was established at the
treasury for Russia but only 1187,779,
ooo was used when payments were
stopped.
Getting Ready For Drive.
With The British Army In France.
Feb. 12. (By The Associated Press)
The tension along the British-Ger.
man front is tightening. As the ex
traordinarily bright, mild weather has
continued to dry out the sodden
fields, the two great armies have be
come more alert. The Inertia has dis
appeared and the contending forces
are poised, watching each- other like
duellists, for the first move which
will mean that the most sanguinary
penoa oi tne war nas oegun. :
(iennana Clear- For Action.
The enemy continues to make In
FIGHT HARDER AND WIN,
URGES BRITAIN'S KING;
CONFIDENT OF VICTORY
L
pre is Tn-r isercaaiiy wuuiu ijjviw ( . .... . . ... . . ..
nterested In keeping the prisoners I tense preparations for what has been
. n i .1 . k. l ..1- li.l.i.igflv.rtlu n tflA "wMt nffonrl.n "
Russia rather than risk having
them carry Bolshevik doctrine back to
Germany.
Divisions Stripped of Effective!.
The 117 Austro-German and Bulgar
dn isions on the Russian front which
wili entirely be released by a separ
ate peace, are regarded as already
ba.ing been stripped or their effect
:es, wnlch have been transferred to
tne western front Military experts
sav. in addition, that Germany would
advertised as the "great offensive.'
German troops and guns keep pouring
Into the western front and there are
indications that a few Austrian units
are in Flanders.
Certain areas back of the German
front have been cleared for action,
and dally bodies of troops have been
practicing attacks under the teutelage
of experts. Prisoners say that leave
for the soldiers Was stopped January
20.
nuns TO
Kill
Segulars and Progressive
Wing Emphasize Need for
Harmony Throughout.
St Louis, Mo, Fen. 12. The execu
t.ve committee of the Republican na
tional committee today took up the
Tennessee contest between Jesse L.
Littleton and John J. Gore.
Electioneering for chairman of the
national committee continued prepara
tory to the meeting of the lull na
tional committee this afternoon when
a- chairman will be chosen.
It was nredieted last night that In
the interest of "harmony, both Will H.
Hays, Indiana, and John T. Adams
withdrew their candidacies, leaving
the field open.
The Progressive wins of the party,
i-piiresenied others bv George TV. Per
kins of New Tort. John C Shaffer and
Harold icKea, 'vnicago, ana tne In
diana delegation, opposed Adams all
cay and spokesmen for that faction
announced that It appeared that
Adams's withdrawal would be a cer
tainty. Emphasise Xeed for Harmony.
Ali speakers yesterday spoke of the
necessity for harmony and for a chair
man whose election would leave no
bitterness of factlonapstrlfe behind it
All, too. Insisted that in the crisis of
the war the president must be sup
ported and that the support already
given him by the minority party
would be more effective from a Re
publican majority.
Senator Penrose Issued a statement
criticizing the coal administration and
the "bestowal of autocratic powers 'on
the president"
The executive committee was in ses
sion part of the day. It voted for but
did not name an advisory committee
of women.
Frand Stanley, of Wichita, national
committeeman for Kansas, loomed to
day as a dark horse candidate for
national chairman. Meanwhile; the
supporters of John T. Adams, of Iowa,
and William Hays, of Indiana, re
rewed the battle for them. ,
Approve Suffrage Amendment.
The resolutions committee drafted
resolutions for presentation to the
fall committee. These endorsed the
stand taken by Republicans In con
gress Young for the Susan B. Anthony
suffrage amendment: suggest that the
administration at Washington avail
itself of the assistance of the ablest
men in the country regardless of poli
tics in the prosecution of the war:
Include a tribute of "gratitude and
affection" to Theodore Roosevelt, and
pledge support in the prosecution of
the war.
Affectionate Message to noosevelt.
The Roosevelt resolution follows:
"We, the representatives of the Re
publican party. In duly constituted
official conference assembled, send
you in this hour of -pain and shadow
a tribute of our gratitude and affec
tion. We take courage and strength
from your example in constant coun
eel for preparedness against aggres
sion on land and sea, and In fearless
maintenance of American honor In
the face of all mankind. Wa fervent-
FRENCH HEPEL
GEillffi
French Make Bold Raid
Themselves, Come Back
With 200 Prisoners.
Paris, France. Feb. 12. Active lo
cal operations were carried out last
night by the French. German raid
ing parties were beaten back. The
following official account of these
operations was given out today:
"The night was marked by great
activity on the part of the French
detachments. North of the Allette a
bold raid carried out In the vicinity
of Bouconville enabled the French to
bring back 20 prisoners and two ma
chine guns. In the Woevre the French
made several successful Incursions
into the German lines. West of Rene
nauville 200 Germans were captured.
"After a lively bombardment the
Germans attempted to approach the
French lines between Bezonvaux and
Fosses wood. The attack, delivered
by three detachments, was checked
by the French fire, which inflicted"
losses on the enemy. Other German
efforts In the Champagne. Woevre
and Vosges obtained no result"
ONDON. Eng., Feb. 12. King
George, addressing the opening
of parliament today, declared
Grjeat Britain will prosecute the war
"with all the vigor we' possess" and
that the struggle has reached a
critical stage which demands more
than ever the united resources and
energies of the empire. He declared
he had full confidence in the British
forces in the field that they would In
sure the ultimate triumph of the
righteous" cause.
Germany Ignores Fair Settlement.
Following is the king's speech:
"My Lords and Gentlemen The
necessities of war render It impera
tive for me, after but a brief interval,
to summon you again to your delib
erations. The alms for which I and
my allies are contending were recent
ly set tortn Dy my government m a
statement which received the em
phatic approval of my peoples
throughout the empire, and provided
a fair basis for settlement of the
present struggle and reestabllshment
of national rights and international
peace in tne future.
"We Most Flsht On."
"The German government has Ig
nored our lust demands that It should
make restitution for the-wronss it has
committed and furnish guarantees
against their unprovoked repe
tition. Its spokesmen refuse any
obligations for themselves, while de
nying rightful liberties of others. Un
til a recognition Is offered of the only
principles -on which an honorable
peace ican be concluded it Is our duty
to prosecute the war with all the
vigor we possess."
Full Confidence In Triumph.
"I have full confidence that my
forces In the field. In close coopera
tion with those of my faithful allies,
will continue to display the same he
roic courage and my people at home
the same unselfish devotion, that have
already fnrnstrated so many of the
enemy's designs and will insure the
ultimate triumph oi tne righteous
cause.
-1 have summoned representatives
of my dominions and my Indian em
pire to a further session of the im
perial war cabinet in order that I
may again receive their advice on
questions of moment affecting the
common interests of the empire. 1
"Gentlemen of the house of com
mons, you will be asked to make suit
able provisions for the requirements
o: tne comoaiant services ana zor tne
stability of our national finance.
Straggle Is In Critical Stage.
."My lords and gentlemen, the strug.
gle in which we are engaged has
reached & critical stage wmcn de
mands more than ever our united en
ergies and resources. I confidently
commend- -to-rtFyour patriotism 4h-f
measures wmcn win De suomiuea to
you, and I pray that the Almighty
may bestow his blessing on your la
bors." Longest Parliament Session-
Members of both houses of parlia
ment assembled early today for tne
opening of the eighth session of the
longest parliament in modern times
a session which is virtually certain
to be the last and which will be fol
lowed by a general election upon ex
tended franchise with women voting
for the first time In the country's
history.
So Pomp or Gold Lace.
King George, accompanied by the
queen and the prince; of Wales, who is
on leave from the Italian front, per
formed the opening, ceremony at noon
in the absence of some of the cus
tomary spectacular features. It "was
decided that in view of the war the
peers and peeresses would not wear
tneir gorgeous titular roDes ana coro
nets, while the naval and military
members of both houses wore the ser
vice dress Instead of the flashy gold
laced full dress uniform.
After the king read his speech and
their majesties left the housd of
lords, an address replying to the
speech was moved in both houses a
formality which gives one of the chief
Munich is Jealous;
Demands Tanl hie
The One Berlin Has
Amsterdam, Holland, Feb. 12.
Jealous of Berlin's possession of
a British tank. Bavaria is de
manding that Munich must have
a tank like the one now on exhi
bition In the Prussian capital. To
this demand, the Neueste Nach
richten of Munich adds:
"We want one In good condi
tion, because the 'people of
Munich will not be satisfied un
less they can see the wheels go
around."
ly pray for your speedy return to per
fect health and strength as a power
for national self respect and Interna
tional righteousness that cannot be
spared."
Aged German Knils Sox
Lancaster, Pa, Feb. 12. Al
though once a subject of the
kaiser, Herman Greten. 85, is do
ing his bit to help win the war
by knitting sox for soldiers. His
motto Is "a sock a day for the
fighting men."
opportunities for debate in any ses
sion. May Cover "Whole Field of War.
The proceedings n this occasion
may cover the whole field of war ef
fort Political circles have been buzz
ing the past few days with various
rumors, showing that severe criticism
of the government is to be expected
In the debate. One rumor is to the
effect that a hostile amendment con
demning the government may be
moved from the front opposition
oencn.
Ministers Interfering.
Comnlalnts that ministers have in
terfered with the military chiefs have
been resuscitated recently and voiced
outspokenly in a section of the press.
This subject will be brought to de
bate in association with the demand
for an explanation of the enlarge'
ment of the powers of the supreme
war council at the recent meeting at
Versailles.
In this connection, it will be re
called that former premier Asquith
last week nronounded a Question con
cerning the supreme war council and
it is understood tnat ne win oring
up this topic again. It is assumed
premier Lloyd George will reply with
an important statement.
Labor Members to Uree Vleirs.
Before the conclusion of the debate,
the radical and labor members will
again urge their views. They may
also move an amendment criticising
the nolicy of the Versailles council
whose official statement referred to
vigorous prosecution of the war as
the only immediate task of the allies.
A joint allied statement of war alms
mav also tie demanded.
The submarine menace, food ration
ing and the dispute with the engi
neers regarding the extension of com
zralsory military service are among
the other topics which various mem
bers hope to raise but as the govern
ment alms to have the vote on the mo
tion concerning the address In reply
to the king's speech taken on Thurs
day at the latest it Is probable the
debate will be restricted.
Says Cxernin Is Really Unyielding.
Commenting on the recent speech
of the Austro-Hnngarlan foreign min
ister, count Czernln. In reply to presi
dent Wilson, premier Lloyd George
said In the house of commons today
that when it came to the real sub
stance of the demands of the- allies,
count Czernln was adamant
Aaqnlta Approves Speech.
In the house of commons today
former premier Asquith. commenting
upon president Wilson's speech to
congress, yesterday said the presi
dent had discriminated justly In re
gard to both tone and substance be
tween the declarations of the German
chancelor and the Austro-Hungarlan
foreign minister In their utterances
regarding war alms.
IZd SLAVERS
SOON TO MKE
LASTS
i
Will Be Caught In Calalina
Or Rincon Mountains,
Officers Believe.
250 MEN ARE IN
PURSUITOF THEM
Murderers Of Sheriff And
Two Deputies Making
For Mexican Line.
Seblemh'erMorn Revised
hiagoFttg-ebr Y&-Wc3
Nicholas Mellsh ?25 to expose a
"revised" picture of "September
Horn" to the wintry blasts of a
Chicago street Melish's autumn
forenoon maiden held her hands
high in the air, which displeased
the judge of a South Chicago
municipal court
HENNIG SAYS HE LEFT
GERMANY; TALKED TOO MUCH
New York, Feb. 12. As a witness In
his own defence, Paul C Hennlg.
naturalized German, today testified
In the Brooklyn federal court where
he Is on trial for treason, that he
left Germany and came to the United
States after making an address at a
May day celebration in Lelpslc In 190S
because he "said too much" against
the German government'
Hennlg Is charged with having
tampered with torpedo gyroscope
parts In the E. W. Bliss munition fac
tory, where he formerly was a fore
man. These gyroscopes were in
tended for use by the United States
navy.
RED GUARD OF FINLAND
ASKS FOR PEACE, REPORT
Stockholm, Sweden. Feb. 12. The
Red Guard of Finland, which at
tempted to overthrow the- govern
ment is reported by the Dagens Ny
heter to have asked Gen. Manner
helm, leader of the White Guard,
which is supporting the government
to consider peace negotiations.
Refugees from Helslngfors report
that two of the Red Guard leaders.
M. Hapalalnen, minister of the in
terior in the revolutionary cabinet
and M. SIrola, foreign minister, have
been shot by the White Guard.
SATS GERMANY CAX ARM
1,500,000 WAR. PRISONERS
Knoxville. Tenn Feb. 12. Charles
Edward Russell, member of the Root
mission to Russia, .speaking at the
'eastvrenifSsceJfcwar'"nferen'ce:TiereJ
said tonight if tne reports oz a. sep
arate peace by Russia are true Amer
ica faced a crisis.
"There are 1.500.000 Austro-German
prisoners In Russia who are in good
righting condition." he said, "these,
together with 147 divisions of German
fighters will be thrown against the
allies on the western front"
Speeches by World's Leaders
Are Real Peace Negotiations
Without Roundtahle Secrecy
W
ASHINGTON, D. C, Feb. 12.
Actual peace negotiations of
a new type and on a greater
scale than heretofore known are seen
by old school diplomats In the recent
series of addresses by spokesmen of
the warring nations outlining terms.
Although president Wilson's latest
address to congress Is regarded as a
clear reiteration of America's deter
mination to continue to tight until the
military masters of Germany are
ready to consider peace In principles
of justice, it was pointed out negotia
tions on a vast scale really are going
on.
o Secrecy or Round Table.
These 'extra official negotiations."
as they are called by diplomats, de
part radically from the ancient and
accepted practices of diplomacy. In' I
stead of being conducted In the se
crecy of round table conference,
which was the aim of the central
powers In the early stages of the
war, the great Issues are now being
expounded and critically analyzed In
the light of publicity and the world's
forum.
Austrian vs. German Views.
The president addresses congress to
clear up any confusion resulting from
the recent speeches on peace terms by
count von Hertllng, the German chan
celor and count Czernln, the Austrian
foreign minister. In the address of
count von Hertllng, the president
found no approach to peace but only
a proposal to end the war on German
terms. The Austrian premier, how
ever, the president said, seemed to see
the fundamental elements of peace
with clear vision and proposal would
have gone farther had it not been for
Austria's dependence on Germany.
l--1DCSON Ariz, Feb. 12. Thomas
I and John Powers and Thomas
Slsson. who shot and VIII, ichor-
Iff R. F. McBride. of Graham county.
and two deputies at Aravaipa canyon
early Sunday morning, will make
their last stand against the posses
pursuing them In the Rincon or Cat
allna mountains, near Tucson, is the
belief of officers who hare been pur
suing them for 48 hours.
The last word from the hunted men
comes from settlers along the San Pe
dro river, and Indicates that the men
have crossed this stream and are
headed south, probably in an effort to
cross the Mexican line. The northern
passes are being watched by armed
civilians, while a number of posses
are moving south in pursuit
Try to Surround Bandits.
Sheriff Rye Miles, of Pima county,
and chief of police Bailey, of
Tucson, last night withdrew their
men from the north and are endeav
oring to surround the Powers broth
ers and Slsson in the Catalinas or
Rincons before they can reach the
border. Posses Have been placed
along the southern slopes of the
mountains at Agua Caljente, Happy
Powers Are Heavily Armed,
The Powers brothers, who are
young men. and Slsson, a former con
vict are expert pistol shots and are
heavily armed, having taken the am
munition and guns of the officers
they killed In resisting arrest on a
charge of evading the draft They
are mounted on the officers horses
and have a thorough knowledge of
all the feeding places and Passes of
tne soutnern Arizona mountains.
-ThemnnberJ.ofrnenitlirwtheposse3
nujv pursuing tnem is neany zsu.
Narrative of the KlUInir.
An authentic account of the killing
of sheriff McBride. of Graham county.
and his .-deputies, which reached here
from Safford last night says tha
sheriff McBride and deputies Mark
Kempton and T. Kane Woo tan were
killed Sunday morning at 6:30 oclock
in battle with Tom Powers, John
Powers, alleged draft evaders, and
Tom Slsson at the home of the Power3
boys.
Deputy United States marshal
Frank Haynes, of Globe, sheriff Mc
Bride and deputies Kempton and
Wootan left Safford Saturday after
noon at 4 oclock to get Tom and John
.rowers.
Powers Horn Shootlnir.
They reached a house near the mine
of John Powers, father of the Powers
boys, about daybreak Sunday morn
lng, surrounding the house. John
Powers, the father, came from the
house with a gun and ordered the of
ficers to hold ud their hands, and
just then one of his boys opened the
door ana started xinng at the offi
cers. Powers senior dropped, shot
through the right shoulder.
About 25 shots were fired by tha
officers. McBride was shot by Tom
Powers and Kane Wootan was shot by
John Powers. Kempton came around
the house and kicked In the door and
was shot by Tom Slsson. who was
sentenced to the penitentiary for five
years ana was paroiea oy uov. u. w.
P. Hunt He lived with the Powers.
Haynes Escaped Unhurt.
DeDUty Havnes escaDed unhurt and
went to Klondike for help. A party
from Klondike started Sunday after
noon for the Powers camn. to bring
back the bodies. Havnes arrived at
(Continued on Page 14. CoL 4.)
HARGE
NFANTRY COLUMN;
POSITION;
ARE TORN TO BITS
ALLIED iTILIM TEARS IIS
ASUNDER ID DISPERSES EH
Austrians Are Decimated by Terrific Fire Before They
TT f ? I 1 1 A - . ....
xiave opportunity to ueveiop Any important Action;
Berlin Claims Minor Advantage and Asserts Aus
trians Captured a Few Less Than 180 Men.
OITE. Italy, Feb. 12. The Aus
trians yesterday renewed their
attacks on the northern front
west of the Brenta. river, but were
held In check by the Italians. The
Austrian columns were torn to pieces
by the Italian artillery and the at
tacks were stopped, says today's of
ficial statement
Infantry Is Decimated.
The communication follows:
"The increased fishting activity
continued yesterday morning on the
southern slopes of Monte Sasso Rosso
and east of the Frenzela. valley. The
enemy pushed forward Important in
fantry forces which were located in
good time and decimated by our ar-l
tlllery so that they could not develop,
any Important action.
"In the afternoon the situation waa
normal again."
Germany Vaguely Claims Siteeess.
Berlin. Germany, by way of Lon
don, Feb. 12. (British Admiralty per
Wireless Press.) After a day of live
ly artillery fire on the Sette CommunI
plateau on the Italian front the Aus
trians attacked south of Sasso Rosso
clearing supporting positions and
capturing nearly 180 prisoners, army
headquarters announced today.
Six Officers Captured.
The statement reads:
"Italian front there was lively fir
ing all day on the Sette CommunI
plateau. The Austro-Hnngarians at
tacked and cleared enemy support po
sitions on the southern slopes of Sasso
Rosso, capturing six officers and 1T9
men."
RUSSIA WON'T SUA TREATY
BUT REPEATS THE IB IS DIER
Only a Few of the Younger Russian Troops Will Be Left
to Guard the Frontier; Best of the Army Will Be
Demobilized; Demand of Germany for Ter
ritory Causes Break in Negotiations.
-rr- u.MJU.N. i.ng.. ieD. iz. uomir- in south Russia, -which has declared
LI tarnation, joftha Cjerman report,!.1" independence; or Russia, has signed
Germans Force War Prisoners to Make Shells
To Be Used in Guns Against Their Own People
Vanderhill in Coal Line
Newport, R. I, Feb. 12. Mrs.
French Vanderbilt stood In line
with hundreds of other residents
at the office of the fuel adminis
tration seeking cards to obtain
quarter ton portions of coal. Mrs.
Vasderbllfs magnificent home.
Harbor View, was without fuel
of any kind.
AMSTERDAM, Holland, Feb. IS. ,
Belgians, Poles. Frenchmen and
others made prisoners by the
Germans are forced to work In mu
nitions factories to make ammnnltlon
for use of the Germans against their
own people. They are beaten to death
when they refuse. This Is the story
brought here by Theo. Van der Lin
den, a Dutch engineer, who accepted
an offer from the Germans to take a
foremanshlp In the Krupp gun works
at Essen. Prussia, something over a
year ago. and spent several months
there. Even the Germans themselves,
he says, get little food at the ammn
nltlon factories and are sullen and
rebellions. One rebellion was put
doiro a year ago by the execution ot
a number of Germans! others were
sent to the western front to be killed
In battle. Women who were In the
plot were sent ont fo become mis
tresses ot German soldiers ot the
front. "Women who fainted were
beaten and pnt back to work again.
This was a year ago. What the con
ditions are today, when food Is still
shorter, can only be conjectured. Mr.
Van der Linden's article folloivat
By THEODORE VAX DER LIXDDX.
During the early part of January
1917, conditions at Essen became very
bad Indeed. I think I can safely say
that at that time matters had reached
such a state that but little more was
needed to have caused a most serious
revolt
Everywhere the process of "speed-
BelgianS and Poles Beaten To Death For Refusing To Work, Many Too Weak To
Perform Tasks Assigned Even The Germans Rebel At The Work, With
No Food, and. Are Shot Or Sent To Be Killed; Women Suffer
Worse Sentence Than Death A Neutral Tells the Story.
ing up" was put into operation, there
was a rantic rush to increase produc
tion, in tne nope mat mere wouia
be an unlimited supply of munitions
for the great spring offensive which
was to have ended the war and
brought complete victory for the Ger
mans. Added to the "speeding up process'
was the terrible suffering caused by
the lack of proper food. For weeks
It was impossible to obtain a potato
while other foods, such as decent
Hour, meat butter, tea. milk and cof
fee were unknown. How we existed
during that fearful time will never
be fully told. I was better placed
than many, as I had been elevated to
the position of a supervisor. StHL
even In my position. I never know
what It was to have a full meal, and
have my appetite satisfied.
Prisoners Forced to Work.
In my department were several thou
sand "foreigners" Dutchmen. Norwe
gians. Swedes, Danes, Poles, Belgians
and Russians many of the last three
nationalities having been captured In
the occupied territories. In addition
to these were hundreds of German
men and women, the latter, like most
of the prisoners, being employed In
the main on unskilled work. I was
responsible for the machinery of the
shop, and In this position was con
stantly meeting the workers.
Their sufferings were terrible in the
extreme. The women were forced to
perform the work of strong laborers,
dragging the trolleys on which were
stacked the huge shell cases, and lift
ing the cases on to the turning lathes.
It was no. uncommon thing to see the
women fall In a dead faint as their
work, their condition having been
brought about entirely through the
lack of proper food.
Tet not the slightest sympathy was
shown towards them. They were part
and parcel of the machinery which
the kaiser has organized for war. If
one fell, what did It matter? Others
could be obtained to take her place.
If there were not women enough In
Germany, there were plenty in Bel
glum. France and Russia.
Brutality to Women.
The men. too, were sullen and diffi
cult to manage.
I was one day talking to the fore
man in charge of the shop, a brntal
leuow named ivunn. about the condi
tions of the workers.
"I'm afraid there will be serious
trouble If care Is not taken," I said.
"What!" gasped the man. "Do you
mean to Insult me by saying I cannot
control themT"
"No. I replied, "but the people are
halt starved and worn out with their
labor."
"So much the better," he answered.
"It will keep them from the revolt
which you have in mind."
As we were talking a woman" fell
In a faint almost at our feet
"There." said Kuhn, "look at that
I'll soon have her at work again."
And. then, without further words,
the man plcked'up one of the pails of
water which are placed about the
shops In case of fire, and dashed the
contents over the senseless woman.
The shock must have been fearful,
for the weather at the time was bit
terly cold, and snow was" lying on
the ground to a depth of several
Inches.
The woman opened her eyes, to find
Kuhn standing over ber In a threat
ening attitude. As she struggled to
her feet Kuhn shook his fist at her,
saying: "Ah, I thought that would
wake you up. Ifff no use your play
ing those fancy- tricks with me."
This was but one'lncident of many
similar ones which I witnessed In that
shop.
Worked to Death.
In another case one man, a Bel
gian, who had been forced to work
there, complained continually that he
was 111 and unable to work. For days
no notice was taken of his complaint
and he was kept at his task. At last
unable to continue, he fell over one
of the machines. Terribly mutilated,
his body was recovered from amongst
the machinery, but no further notice
was taken of the matter.
The discontent was not by any
means confined to the shops in which
the "slaves" or forced laborers were
employed. In more than one of the
wholly German labor shops It had
been manifested, and at last It was
decided to adopt the most stern meas
ures. A number of German workmen who
had complained were marched under
guard to the justice court and placed
before the judge, who had received
orders to make an example of them.
Each man was given ten lashes with
the cat and placed to more laborious
tasks than before.
Men Plan Mutiny.
But with all the efforts of the au
thorities, they did not succeed In
quelling the spirit ot discontent Fif
teen hours each day of hard work,
constant bullying and little food only
served to Increase rather than dlmln-
isn ine leeungs oi discontent
I became acquainted with the move
ment by an accident a chance word
with a Saxon workman whose lathe
I was attending to. This man had
secured work at Essen rather than go
to the front and. being of somewhat
small build and weak, he had been
allowed to remain in the works.
As I was setting his lathe, the man
cursed Kuhn softly and I looked at
him.
"Now. tell him, Dutchman." he said
sullenly.
"No." I rejoined, "you may rest as
( Continued On Pace 4. CoL l.
that RB!ii lSthdr. ro4aPaC?aty the" ceatraT
" 1 nnvaM '!. TIn1.1i. n.1 .IT.- ...
retrograa. ao not recognize
the war Is contained In an official
Russian statement received here to
day.
The negoltations of peace with the
central powers have been ended, the
statement says. The Russian delega
tion refused to sign a treaty provid
ing for annexations by Germany.
Nevertheless. Russia -will notcontinue
the war with the Germans and Aus
trians. "workmen and peasants like
ourselves."
A statement received yesterday and
accredited to Leon Trotzky, Bolshe
vik foreign minister and delegate to
Brest-Lltovsk, quoted Trotzky as
saying Russia would be obliged to
sign a separate peace. This appears
contradicted by todays advices
Iveep Few Troops on frontier.
The statement says Russia declares
the war with Germany, Austria-Hungary.
Turkey and Bulgaria to have
ended. Russian troops simultaneously
receiving an order for complete de
mobilization on all fronts. For the
defence of the frontier some detach
ments of younger soldiers will be left
Although this announcement was
made yesterday in several dispatches
from German sources this is the first
word from Russia regarding her
withdrawal from the war.
Ukraine Has Made Peace.
The Ukraine, a union of provinces I
the In
dependence of the "Ukraine or any ne
gotiations which their representa
tives have made with the central
powers.
To Repatriate Prisoners.
Amsterdam. Holland. Feb. 12.
German and Russian delegates at
Petrograd, according to a dispatch
from Berlin, have signed an agree
ment calling for the earliest possible
repatriation ot prisoners or war un
fit for military service. Owing to
transportation difficulties la Russia.
considerable delays are expected.
.Wont Renew Trade Acreements.
New York. Feb. li Xeirotlatlnns
for the renewal of UnHfWniuiii
trade relations conducted at Brest
Lltov8k simultaneously with the dis
cussion oi a treaty of peace, are re
ported In recent Issues of German
newspapers reaching this country.
The account of the first seven days
negotiations made to the main com
mittee of the reichstag by director
Johannes of the foreign office show
that the Bolshevikl leaders held the
same view of the unfairness from a
Russian viewpoint of the Russ -Ger
man commercial treaties of 1831 and
1904 as had their predecessors under
the old canltallstic order. The Rnishn-
vikl were unwilling to renew these
arrangements, which they considered
were forced upon Russia during
periods of financial depression.
FORMER STATE ENGINEER
COBB TO CONTINUE FIGHT
Phoenix: Ariz- Feb. 12. The attack
of former state engineer Lamar Cobb
on tne state commission of puniic in
stitutions is to be continued. He filed
two actions. That In which he repre
sented the state engineer undoubtedlv
will be pushed no further. The other
e iiiea as a private citizen, witn ae
mand that his contention be urged by
the attorney general, a procedure
called for by state law. Attorney gen
eral Wllev E. Jones, who bv Cobb
had been given uncomplimentary men
tion in correspondence with the gov
ernor, has refused to have any con
nection with the inquiry, basing his
action on the fact that already he had
civen a formal decision that the com
mission was authorized in taking over
control of the engineers office, so
Cobb has announced that he would
push the suit himself and bv due
court action endeavor to secure the at
torney general s participation.
CLAIMS RAILROAD MEN
SHOULD BE PAID MORE
Washington. D. C Feb. 12. Dis
cussion of the eight hour railroad bill
wan continued today with Timothy
Shea, acting president of the Broth
erhood of Locomotive Firemen, En
glnemen and Hostlers, testifying be
fore the railroad wage commissioner
Mr. Shea Is asking that the members
of his brotherhood receive an increass
in pay amounting to 10 percent gen
erally, with a minimum wage of J J. 50
per day.
CROCKET MAN ELECTED
STATE MINE BOARD HEAD
Austin, Tex, Feb. 12. John Legory
of Crockett was today elected chair
man ot the state mining board, at a
meeting held here. He succeeds C.
W. Avery, of Austin, resigned. Wil
liam Wimberly. of Newcastle, was re
elected secretary.
Herald To Tell Women
How To Conserve Food
EVERT woman in El Paso
knows Mrs. Edna J.
Evans, the great expert
in the greatest of domestic
arts, cooking. And every
woman in El Paso knows well
the importance of The Herald's
Annual Cooking School, com
bining utility and knowledge
with pleasure. This Is the
fourth annual cooking school
conducted by The Herald and
Mrs. Evans for the fourth con-
secutive time will give a series
of lectures and demonstrations
on "Cooking." lasting from
February 23 to March 2. Inclu
sive. In the auditorium of the
Woman's club building on
Mesa avenue. Owing to the
exigencies arlslnf , qut of the
sanguinary world conflict now
going on to make the world
"safe for democracy." Mrs.
Evnas this year will confine '
her lectures and demonstra
tions to the "Conservation of
Foods."
Surely there has never been
a time when this word carries
so much meaning and com
mand as now. Every woman
should realize as never before
that now is a time when con
servation Is Imperative and
necessary. It Is not a matter
of wanting to conserve: It Is a
matter of having to conserve1
Conservation of the energies
of the nation now extends In
Its ramifications from the
government and the greatest
corporations to the kitchens
of both rich and poor.
The Herald is affording the
opportunity to the women of
El Paso to learn how to con
serve food and material intel
ligently In their households.
There is no charge whatsoever.
Just come and make yourself
at home.
It Is Wasting Money To Build Roads And Then Fail To Keep Them In Rep

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