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El Paso herald. (El Paso, Tex.) 1901-1931, February 14, 1918, HOME EDITION, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88084272/1918-02-14/ed-1/seq-1/

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I TODAY'S PRICES
Mexican bank notes, state bills, 918c; pesos, 68e;
i Mexican sola, 52c; naeionales, 17J18Hc; bar dl-
Ttr, H. & H. quotation, 85ic; copper, $23:50; grains,
, higher, livestock, steady; stocks, higher.
hfc& MidciM:ihtK59! ill
HOME EDITION
WEATHEH FORECAST.
1 Paso and West Texas, fair, colder; New Mexico,
fair, colder east portion; Arizona, fair.
I ATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
DELIVERED ANYWHERE 60e A MONTH
EL PASO, TEXAS. THURSDAY EVENING. FEBRUARY 14. 1918.
SINGLE COPT FIVE CENTS.
12 PAGES TODAY
SHIP PL
10,077 MORE DRAFT
11 TO BE
Additional Men Will Go to Camp Funston and Fort
uglethorpe; To Complete First Draft, Arizona Will
Send 490 to Camp Funston, New Mexico 330; Time
for Movement Is Extended Over Into March.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Feb. 14
Movements of men to com
plete the first draft, begin-r.-ng
on February 23, will not be com
X'ieted within the following five days
as originally planned, but will extend
o- er into March. A movement not in
truded in precious announcements will
.--lo March 4, moving 10,677 men to
Fort Oglethorpe. Ga, and Camp Fan
con. The following increments of white
iren will go to Fort Oglethorpe: Del
i are, 281; Xew Jersey. 940; Michi
gan. 1500: Ohio, 1809; Vest Virginia,
izi'r. total of 6741. West Virginia
-roops, instead of being sent to Camp
Meade, Md., are diverted by this call
'. Oglethorpe.
Arizona and Xew Mexico to Fnnston.
To Camp Funston. Kan, the quotas
will go: Arizona. 490; Colorado, 656;
V'ssourt, 1311; Nebraska, 1180; New!
Mexico, 330: South Dakota, 399; total.
4336.
It was explained at the office of
the provost marshal general that the
1520 men to be supplied by West Vir
ginia were previously ordered to
start for camp beginning February
23. but today's call has postponed
their movement.
Last White From Southwest.
The following states, by the calls
issued today, will have on March 4
sent to camp all remaining white
men in their respective Quotas: Dela
ware. New Jersey, Arizona. Colorado,
Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico and
soutn JJaKota.
Provost marshal general Crowder
today .notified governors that classl'
fication of selected men virtually has
been completed and that in the future
local boards' duties will consist only
of supervision of the drawing of
units from thelr respective communl
ties and reclassification of men un
dergolng change of status.
U. S. GUNS SHELL GERMANS
WHILE FRENCH INFANTRY
DESTROYS THE TRENCHES
p
ARIS, France. Feb. 14. American
artillery took part In the French
raid In the Champagne district
yesterday In which the French pene
trated the German trenches up to the
third line, destroying shelters and
bombproofs and making the trenches
generally untenable. The American
gunners rendered effective coopera
tion with the French artillerymen in
laying a barrage for the advance of
the French Infantry and afterward in
shelling the rear areas of the enemy
positions.
This is the first mention that
American batteries have been sta
tioned on the Champagne line. The
American front is a considerable
distance away.
The French attack was made on a I
Trousers In Select Draft
Gary, Ind, Feb. 14. "While
draft board physicians were ex
amining Andrew Krelnewski
some one "selected" and stole his
trousers from the office of the
board.
front of 1200 meters. The official
statement says the troops penetrated
as far as the third German line, de
stroying the enemy's defences and
taking more than 100 prisoners.
Previous Raid Cven Larger.
On the previous day, at another
point, the French went through to the
fourth German line, destroying de
fences and capturing about 200 of the
enemy.
These two raids are more ex- 1
tensive than any the enemy has
been able to make successfnlly In
recent months.
The French official statement an
nounces that from February 1 to 10,
French pilots brought down 23 Ger
man airplanes.
American Front Quiet.
As for the American front, the past
24 hours have been quiet, with hardly
any activity because of rainfall and
consequent low visibility hampering
the artillery. The entire sector Is
again a sea of mud and pumps are
being manned In the dugouts and some
of the trenches.
Germany Admits a Reverse.
Berlin. Germany. Feb. 4. In their
attack yesterday on the Champagne
front, near Tahure, the war office an
nounces, the French obtained a foot
ing In a salient of the German positions.
West Front Is
Ready For The
Grand Assault
Germans Have 195 Divi
sions in West, But Allies
Prepared For Them.
French Front. Feb. 1 (Correspond-
"' of The Associated Press) The
'German and Franco-British armies on
tve frontiers of France and Belgium
t the present moment in their op
I oing positions are preparing for
the reopening of the gigantic Strug'
gle which went on throughout 1917
rnj ceased only temporarily while
time" was called by winter.
Strength Of The Enemy.
Each army has probably a fairly
s "curate idea of the other's strength.
I 'ench and 70 in front of the British
i nes (Since this dispatch was nrlt
v n there has been a considerable in
crease in the German etrensth on the
i estern front. A cable last night
f -oni this same correspondent said the
'.rrmang now had on the western
front 795 divisions or about 2,340,000
r- "i. To give the total forces on the
es side might possibly afford some
i." formation to the enemy.
wnnce the initiative may come on
-- Jarge scale cannot for the' time be
ne e predicted. Ever since tee
battles of Malmaison and CambraL
r-:nor encounters have taken place
rlmost constantly, each side trying
find out the weak spots of the
oihr or making feints to discover the
.mentions of the opposing army.
French Raids Win; Germans Lose,
In Lorraine, in Alsace, before Ver
(,'n, in Champagne, and even around
s Quentin. the Germans have at
r mpted trench raids of more or less
rrportance, frequently daring the
lit few weeks, some times with
s-rnng artillery support, on other
occasions purely surprise attacks by
-nfaDtry units. In all cases they have
' een unsuccessful while, on the other
J-and. the French In their inroads Into
i'ie German lines have generally been
.-ihle to carry out their entire plan of
re onnaissances and have returned to
their lines only after destroying the
nenjys works and usually bringing
back with them a batch of prisoners. '.
French Bold Best Positions.
The results of all these small com-'
Bolo Pasha Is
Found Guilty
And Must Die
Notorious French Adviser
Of Khedive Is Convicted
Of Being a Traitor.
Paris, France, Feb. 14. Bolo Pasha,
former financial . adviser of the
Khedive of Egypt, but a Frenchman
by birth and mostly by residence,
was today sentenced to death by court
martial on a charge of treason.
Bolo was accused of having acted
as the agent of the German foreign
office, ambassador Ton Bernstorff and
Adolph Pavenstedt, New York banker.
in spreading defeatist propaganda in
ranee in the interest of a peace
favorable to Germany.
TROOP
III
i
BIDITCHUSE
The FrensMaand rtishikMweTi5Cerremlv.Cainaux.-la. under.
' , Vnr " j, , Tsrreel In the same connection and his
lavauK uwin mswiiiwu U4l .trial IS exnectert to follow mnn
ions. 85 of which 'are in front af.tjteT . Co-defendant Also Mnst Die
Die.
The court martial which condemned
Bolo Pasha to death deli he rat eft for
oniy to minutes. Darius Porchere. an
accountant wno was a co-defendant.
was seniencea to tnree years' Im
prisonment. Flllppo Cavillinle another codefend-
ent. wno is under arrest In Italv. was
sentenced to death, although he not
wunm xne court s jurisdiction.
bats can be seen only after the gen
eral engagement has begun. For the
present the French armies occupy
very favorable positions for whatever
may occur. As a sequel to all the
heavy fighting in the fall they ob
tained possession of numbers of the
highest points.
CANADIANS ENTER SPRING
CAMPAIGN AT BEST STRENGTH
Canadian Army Headquarters In
Frence Feb. 14. (By the Canadian
Press. Ltd.). After three years and
a half of war, Canada is entering
upon the spring campaign stronger
in men and material and guns than
at any time since the mobilization
at Val Cartier marked the creation
of the dominion's first division. The
Canadians are holding a larger front
than ever before. Canada's splendid
home support of the military service
measure has placed the military au
thorities in a position where they not
only are assured of reinforcements
lor the existing units, but can add
largely to their fighting establishments.
Slayers of Arizona Officers
m Cochise Stronghold,
Is Belief.
Bisbee, Ariz, Feb. 14. Two troops
of United States cavalry and posses
from half a dozen Arizona counties
were cooperating today In an effort
to capture Thomas Powers, John
Powers and Thomas SIsson. sought
for the murder of three rGaham coun
ty officers In a gun fight in the Gra
ham mountains last Sunday.
Posses of civil officers, reinforced
by cowboys, today were standing
guard over the outlets of Cochlss
stronghold, 40 miles north of the
Mexican border, where the fugitives
are believed to have sought refuge
last night when hard pressed by a
posse led by sheriff Rye Miles of
Pima county. Meanwhile the cavalry
men, ordered out from Douglas, were
patrollng tie border to prevent the
fugitives escaping Into Mexico in case
they should elude the possemen.
Cochise stronghold was made fa
mous and named after tne Apacne
Indian chief, Cochise, who terrorized
southeastern Arizona In the 70'a. It,
was' to tfits strongTordtna'tocnlseT;
In July. 1871, drove a heard of cattle,
stolen near Fort Bowie. Ca.pt. Jerry
Russell and his troop of the Third
cavalry were ambushed by Cochise
when the army officer attempted to
get into tne barrier.
MANY DRAFT EVADERS
MAY RESIST CAPTURE
Tucson. Ariz, Feb. 14. The possi
bility that the pursuit of the Powers
Sissons trio may lead to a general
roundup oi draft evaders is being
taken into consideration by the posse
men. The presence of many draft
evaders, of all nationalities, in the
souyiwestern corner of New Mexico
and the adjoining section of Arizona.
is known to officers. Some officers
were inclined to suspect that they
may be trying to effect a Junction
with the draft evader colony In the
forestry wilds bordering Mexico. In
the event pursuit should lead to a
general rendezvous of draft evaders,
officers who know the country say
it would require soldiers witn a
mountain field piece to dislodge them.
Wylie Morgan, an uncle of the
Powers boys. In Tucson yesterday.
said that the Powers boys were under
uie uuminauon oi a nomas slssons,
who, he said, was a radical pro Ger
man, and caused the Powers boys to
evade the draft. Morgan says he
warned sheriff McBrlde of Graham
county that the boys would kill him
if he sought to arrest them and the
lowers boys sent him a warning that
they would kill him if he did not stop
tailing.
TORI SWEEPS
THROUGH HE
ST
Wind Blows 48 Miles an
Hour Through Colorado
and Part of New Mexico.
Denver, Colo, Feb. 14. A storm
passing eastward through the Rocky
mountain region struck Denver last
night with a 48 mile an hour wind
that was general, according to the
weather bureau, through Colorado,
Wyoming and New Mexico. The only
damage reported was interruption of
telegraph and telephone service.
The storm Is due to arlre over the
middle western states tonight and
Friday with lower temperatures. A
cold wave is forecast for Friday in
the mountain states.
"Take Anything We Have, Gratis"
Chamber of Commerce Message to
mentRegardingCamps
WarDepart
HAT the El Paso chamber of tors, that the fullest cooperation from of the chamber of
I commerce, representing" the citi
xens of El Paso, means to co
operate in every way with the gov
ernment to help win the war; that the
government can have anything It
needs or wants for the use of its sol
diers at Bl Paso, Is the substance of
a message sent to Washington by Otis
C Coles, newly elected president of
the chamber of commerce.
Mr. Coles believes, with the direc-
the people of El Paso with the mill
tary must be evidenced at all times
and he expresses this belief In his
letter to the war department, for
warded this week. The letter pledges
the government the use of all the
land It requires for any number of
troops it may wish to send to El Paso
at any time, for the period of the war
or any time thereafter considered
necessary by the United States. No
reservations are attached. "Come take
what yon want" Is virtually the offer
Women Must Learn How
To Save Food To Win War
THERE is not a housewife in El Paso who would not like to know
more about how to cook. Even experts in any art will admit that
they can learn more. And so it is with the housewife. No matter
how expert, she is ever eager and glad to learn more. And while this is
true in ordinary times, it is especially true at this critical time .
The war issue depends on more than mere troops at the front. They
must be properly equipped, and amply supplied with food. AH foods can
not be sent across the ocean on account of the fact that many of them
are too perishable. Therefore we must conserve those products that can
be kept in transit and storage for some weeks at a time, in order to prop
erly take care of the boys in the trenches.
Every woman can learn how to do her patriotic part by attending The
Herald's Fourth Annual Cooking School to be held in the auditorium of the
Woman's club building on Mesa avenue frovi February 23 to March 2, in
clusive. Mrs. Edna J. Evans, one of the great national experts on cooking,
will conduct the lectures and demonstrations.
its president, to the government.
The letter follows:
The Honorable.
The Secretary of War.
Washington. D. C.:
Dear Mr. Secretary It Is the
desire of the El Paso chamber of
commerce to assist the govern
ment In every way possible dur
ing this war, and this being one
of the Important training camps
In the United States, we have
taken steps to secure for the gov
ernment any lands that may be
desired for camp purposes, either
In the city of El Paso or adjacent
thereto.
I am authorized by the property
owners to offer to you, free of
charge, any lands that may be
suitable for such purposes to be
used by your department during
the term of the war and as long
thereafter as may be necessary.
Lands can be secured In unlimited
acreage suitable for military pur
poses and for handling large
bodies of troops.
I ant also authorized in the
name of the mayor of EI Paso.
Charles Davis, and of the county
Judge of El Paso county, E. B.
McClintock. to guarantee every
official assistance in suppressing
vice and maintaining a proper at
mosphere for troops.
We wish it further understood
that the chamber of commerce of
El Paso offers you Its services in
any capacity in which we can he
of assistance during this war.
Very respectfully,
Otis C Coles.
President.
AUSTRIA EXPECTS TO GET
BIG CROPS FROM UKRAINE
Amsterdam. Holland. Feb. 14. Aus
trian papers hold forth the hope of.
getting about 1.000.000 tons of sup
plies from the Ukraine, as a result of
the peace treaty. Flags are flying
everywhere in Austria as a token of
public celebration.
LAKE SHIPS TO
SHIPYARD
Alleged Mismanagement of
Government Funds Is
To Be Probed.
PL'ANT COSTING
FAR TOO MUCH
W. H. Pleasants of New
York Is Named Director
of Steamship lanes.
Washington. D. C. Feb. 14. Coast
wise and Great Lakes steamship lines
operated by railroads today were
placed by director general W. G. Mc-
Adoo under supervision of W. H.
Pleasants, of New York, president of
the Ocean Steamship company, who
was designated manager of the ma
rine section of the railroad adminis
tration. Special attention will be given to
organization of water transportation
facilities to Insure movement of coal
to New England next winter and bet
ter use of lake shipping to haul coal
to the northwest.
From time to time. It Is planned.
the railroad administration will take
over temporarily any steamers not
needed by the shipping board for
trans-Atlantic traffic and use them
in the coastwise trade.
A special assistant will be named
later to direct lake shipping.
Germany Can 't Understand
Russia 's Strange Maneuvers
And Army Suspects Trickery
A
MSTERDAM. Holland, Feb. 14.
Judging from the latest Indi
cations in the German press,
much dissatisfaction and susplclan
have been aroused by the latest move
of foreign minister Trotzky In declar
ing war ended, but refusing to sign
a peace treaty. Important political
and military leaders are said to be
conferring busily to find the best so
lution to the puzzle.
The Kreuz Zeltung, of Berlin, on
.ruesaay declared on rename in
formation" that Trotzky"s proposal is
in no circumstances to be regarded as
a peace offer. A Berlin telegram to
the Koelnlsche Volks Zeltung of
Wednesday says:
"The government is not willing to
continue relations with Russia on any
basis whatsoever unless the present
Russian government signs a regular
peace treaty. As, however, it must
be reckoned, for the present, at any
rate, that Trotzky does not think of
signing any formulated peace declar
ation, a situation Is created which
make3 necessary a thorough discus
sion between the government and the
supreme army command."
Wont Confer in Neutral Place.
The correspondent in an apparently
inspired passage, adds:
"The chancelor is resolved under no
circumstances to conduct further ne
gotiations in any neutral center and
it will be the affair of the central
powers to determine where such ne
gotiations may be best held.
'"The recall of the economic com
mission from Petrograd is under con
sideration On the other, hand, it is
evidently realized that the question of
tne Dig army oi Austro-uerman pris
oners of war in Russian territory still
controled by Petrograd cannot be
overlooked."
Demobilisation Stopped!
All German newspapers note the
fact that three hours after a mes
sage was sent out announcing the
issuance of a demobilization order to
the Russian army, another Russian
message was issued ordering that
circulation of this communication be
Shipyard At Hog Island,
Pa., Will Cost Close To
$50,000,000, Belief.
WASHINGTON, D. C Feb. 14.
At the request of the ship
nlni. hna,il wht.li .tianra.
gross mismanagement and reckless
spending of government money,
president Wilson today directed at
torney general T. W. Gregory to in
vestigate the American International
corporation's construction of the gov
ernment fabricating steel shipyard at
H6g Island, Pa., and determine if
there has been any criminal misuse
of government funds.
A special assistant to the attorney
general will he eent Immediately to
Hog Island to work with F. A.
Bowles, assistant general manager of
the emergency fleet organization,
whom chairman Hurley, of the ship
ping board, placed In charge of the
project three weeks ago, with full
powers to reorganize.
To Learn Tree Situation.
Although the shipping board has
no facts to Indicate there has been
criminal dereliction. It wants to as
certain the true situation and learn
Just how money put up by the gov
ernment has been spent
Testimony before the senate com
mittee investigating shipping has
shown that construction of the yard
will cost the government from $40.
000,000 to 350,000,000. although orig
inal estimates placed Its cost at $21.
000,000. The work Is being done by
a subsidiary of the American Inter
national corporation.
II Already Redneed Staff.
Mr. Bowles has been directed to
recommend- any changes in manage
ment he thinks necessary, but has
been ordered to await the senate
committee's report before taking any
drastic steps. . Already het has re
duced tne staff of tne management
some extent and has outlined
BUILDERS REFUSE
TO WORK; WILL NOT
PRESENT GRIEVANCE
HOIDREOS OF CARPENTERS ARE
OUT AT THE BALTIMORE PUNTS
Official of Drydock Company Says He Does Not Know
What the Men Want and They Befuse to Make
Public What Demands Are, Saying Officials
at Washington Know What Is the Matter.
BALTIMORE, Md, Feb. 14. While place failed to report for owrk today,
the government Is straining ev-i Men Make No Demands,
iwn. in n r.,.. nf J . An official of the Baltimore Dry-
ery nerve. In the face of nnex
ampled difficulties, to build as many
ships as possible In the shortest pos
sible time. In order to meet the su
preme demand for shipping, ship
building here was seriously hampered
today by a strike of carpenters and
Joiners.
Two Big Plants Affected.
The strike occurred In two plants.
One was that of the Bethlehem Steel
company at Sparrow's Point and the
other was at the plant of the Balti
more Drydocks and Shipbuilding com
pany. Several hundred men at each
docks and Shipbuilding company said
no uiu not Know me reason for the
strike of his men. They had made no
demands, he said. The leaders of the
men refused to discuss their action,
saying "they know all about it la
Washington."
Local Federation of Labor officers
at once began efforts to induce the
strikers to return to owrk.
Monday a strike at the Baltimore
Drydocks company was averted by the
arrival of Joseph Hickey, national
representative of the American Feder
ation of Labor. Mr. Hickey, It is un
derstood, brought orders from the fed
eration to call the strike off pending
the action of the compensation boaru
of the emergency fleet corporation.
Ill DOLLAR PROGRAM
S BASED ON 2.000,000 TROOPS
Big Deficiency Bill Is F: vorably Eeported in House by
Appropriation uomnuttee; includes Addition to rund
for Artillery and Provides for Pershing's Demand
for a Gas Shell Factory in France.
stopped. It is suggested that this in
dicates that tne Bolshevik govern-,
ment no longer thinks of adhprlnp to !
the declaration of foreign minister
rrotzky.
Says Trotsky's Order Is a Rnse.
The Zeltung Am Mittag goes so far
as to say there are proofs that
Trotsky's promise of a Russian de
mobilization is a sham maneuver. It
declares that reliable reports repre
sent the Bolshevist as energetically
forming a Red Guard army out of the
remnants of the Russian army. In the
hope pf raising 1.000,000 to establish
Bolshevik power In the border states.
A dispatch from Brest LItovsk re
ceived In Amsterdam Monday said
that Russia had declared the state of
war to be at an end and that the
demobilization of the Russian armies
on all fronts had been ordered. Rus
sia, it was added, did not sign a
formal peace treaty with the central
powers.
Any Farther Proposals;
It Is Indicated in the above dis
patch that foreign minister Trotzky
may have made further proposals to
the central powers. If such Is the
case, no report concerning it has been
received In this country.
There have been no direct dis
patches from Petrograd for several
days. A Russian official message
received in London Tuesday con
firmed the Brest LItovsk statement
that demobilization bad been ordered.
Since then there have been no ad
vices from Petrograd.
RUSS COMMlfATROCITIES
AGAINST SWEDES ON ISLANDS
Stockholm. Sweden, Feb. 14. Rus
sian soldiers are reported to be com
mitting shocking acts of terrorism on
the Aland islands. In consequence of
a statement that Swedish residents
have fled to outlying islands, a Swed
ish ice breaker will start Immediately
for the islands, it will be followed
by rescue expeditions.
The Aland islands are In the Gulf of
Bothnia between Finland and Sweden
and belong to Russia. Most of the
Inhabitants are of Swedish nationality.
to
other changes which he thinks
should be made.
Members of the senate committee
nave indicated that they may rec
ommend that the government take
over construction of the yard and do
tne worK itself.
GEN. ROBERTSON REMAINS
CHIEF OF IMPERIAL STAFF
London. England. Feb. 14. MaJ.
Gen. William It. Robertson, the Dallv
Chronicle declares on its own Infor
mation, will remain chief of the lm
perial staff with full approval and
confidence of the war cabinet. MaJ.
Gen. Wilson, the sub chief, will con
tinue to be the principal British rep
resentative at Versailles In the su
preme war council
The Chronicle adds that If. as has
been reported, an exchange of offices
between Gens. Robertson and Wilson
was contemplated at any time. It has
now Deen abandoned.
NORWAY HAS LOST 714
SHIPS AND 883 MEN IN WAR
London, England. Feb. 14. The
Norwegian legation in London an
nounces that from the outbreak of
tne war to the end of January. 1913,
Norway has lost 714 vessels of L050.-
SS3 gross tonnage. Seamen to the
number of 883 lost their lives through
tne sinning 01 tnese vessels.
During the same nerlod 53 Norwe
gian vessels with more than 700 of
crews were posted as missing. About
two thirds of these are war losses.
BRITISH LINE IN ITALY
HAS NOW BEEN EXTENDED
Ottawa. Ontario, Feb. 14. The Brit
ish line in Italy has been considerably
lengthened to the east of Montelto
ridge along the Olave river, accord
ing to a tonaon aispatcn to tne otta
wa agency of Reuter's Limited. The
line now extends to some miles east
or Aervesa.
FINNISH RED GUARD SENDS
FOR SURGEONS ( SIURDERS TOEM
stocKnoim. Sweden. Feb. 14. Fin
nisn itea uuaros perpetrated a mas
sacre at Kerava. Finland, according to
the Aftonbladet, and then wired to
lieisingiors tor surgeons and ambulances.
Five surgeons, who- left Immedi
ately, were murdered on their arrival
at -h-erava Dy tne ilea uuards.
ARIZONA CELEBRATES SIXTH BIRTHDAY BY BUYING
BABY BONDS IN GREAT NATIONAL SERVICE DRIVE
PHOENIX, Ariz., Feb. 14. Arizona,
youngest of all the family of
states, Is celebrating her sixth
birthday today by buying baby bonds
In a great nationil service drive.
Obesrvance of Admission day this
year through state wide patriotic ef
fort toward financing the war rather
than by the customary political
speechmaking marks the baby state's
first war time birthday.
A legal holiday, by proclamation of
governor George WP. Hunt. Admis
sion aay ustOiuilgmarKea
rantnesfciosini
this year
ng of public or
not onlval
flceslnd by exercises in the schools,
but.' also by a general campaign
throughout the state for the financing
of the war through the sale of Thrift
stamps and war saving certificates.
Indications are that the baby state
will buy enough "baby bonds" on her
birthday to oversubscribe the Quota
of $3,000,000 assigned as her share of
this issue by Uncle Sam.
i;ven tne school entertainments.
usually given over to recounting of
important events in the history of
Arizona, are partaking more today oi
national service than of the state's af
fairs.
Companies of high school cadets.
equipped wtlh their new training
rifles, made their first public appear
ance on the streets of a number of
Arizona towns today, military traln
lnc in the high schools having been
established this year for the first time
In the history oi Arizona, under
law enacted at the last session of the
legislature.
A parade featured the morning.
Record Food Prices
Brownsville, Tex, Feb. 14.
Here is a list of prices from Tam
plco. the metropolis of the oil dis
trict of old Mexico: Ham. 31.25
per pound; steak, 31 per pound;
milk, 40c per quart: flat, five
rooms without water or light,
3150 per month.
participated in by police reserves,
high school cadets, Indian school ca
dets and Indian girls marching in
uniforms of the national colors.
There were representations of the
British tank and other effective
floats, plenty of patriotic music and
pretty girls everywhere selling thrift
stamps and baby bonds.
A mass meeting In a downtown
park this afternoon was addressed by
Zack L. Cobb, of El Paso.
Although Arizona was formally ad
mitted as a state on Valentine's day,
1912, the new state flag was flung
to the breezes for the .first time to
day in many localities.
The new flag is probably one of the
most unique on the western continent.
The lower half of the flag consists
f a blue field. In the center of the
-Tag Is a five pointed, copper star, ris
ing In the face of a setting sun. the
rays of which alternate bands of red
and yellow, radiating from the center
of the flag. The copper star is sym
bolic of Arizona's greatest lndnatrv.
copper mining and smelting.
ASHINGTON, D. O, Feb. 14.
A billion dollar urgent defic
iency appropriation bill, the
largest of Its kind In the history of
congress, although cut a half billion
from original estimates, was favor
ably reported to the house today by
chairman Sherley of the approprl
atlons committee. The bill provides
for the immediate needs of the war.
navy and other departments.
5Sl.0Oa.OOO For Artillery.
Chairman Sherley made public tes
timony given to the committee by de
partment chiefs during the past
month of committee investigation
Among the amounts asked for various
military activities was a total of al
most $81,000,000 for mountain, field
and siege artillery in addition to
more than 31.0OO.O0O.000 already spent
and contract authorizations of $779,-
090.WH) additional.
The testimony of CoL T. L. Ames.
of the ordnance department, said that
the total amount available for this
purpose since the beginning of the
war under direct appropriations and
contract authorizations was $1,816.-
,000, of which amount orders have
been placed requiring ultimate expen
diture of $1.25,006.00v. leaving still
available for contracts $5S4.0,000.
To Supply ZAOOJHM Men.
He said that $1,816,004,000 was In'
tended to suDDly ammunition. UDOn
revised estimates of the quantities
needed for 2,000.000 men, including
the ammunition needed for the light
trench mortars. He said the $31,00.
000 additional asked is the result of
the change In the military program.
Including new reaulrements for a
larger number of shells, for ammunl
tion for guns mounted on tanks and
$7,000,000 for a plant designed for the
filling of projectiles with gases, and
$2,000,000 for a plant, for the same
purpose to be erected in France.
Establish Gas Factory In France
Gen. Pershinir cabled stronglr urg
ing a plant in France to enable him
to handle excess materials properly
It Is planned, ordnance officials ex
plained, to dispatch a complete or
ganization ,and equipment to France
to enaDie tne American expeditionary
forces to meet the sadden shift in gas
warfare.
"There is nrobably no Dhase of
trench warfare." said Col. Earl 3. W.
JCagsdale, "that Is open to such sud
den shifts as gas warfare. The must
ard gas or blister gas, used by the
Germans simply changed the whole
program. The plant is to enable the
use of a trained personnel In hand
ling these gases In loading shells and
oomDs and to enable the change oi
the character of gases to keep abreast
of the developing phase of warfare.
It is our Intention to ship in large
quantities certain toxic mtaerlals that
will then be taken out of these con
tainers and put Into shells or cylind
ers for making wave attacks, or into
bombs, or whatever they want. These
cylinders are about the same elze as
tbe sode water carbon dioxide tanks.
Then we have the construction and
operation of a chemical plant for
manufacture oi raw material.
One Is Dangerons Poison.
One of tha ran mterial ran be
shipped as harmless stuff, no more
dangerous tnan lime, which by a rela
tively simple operation can be con
verted into one of the most poisonous
materials known. This is a patented
process. The French were purchas
ing this material and we are obliged
to the French for 100 tons a month
after July L
Arrangement With France.
Tt his examination before the com
mittee, chairman Sherlev's reoort
said. Gen. Wheeler of the ordnance
bureau brought out that the govern
ment had an arrangement with the
French to supply artillery and am
munition to a certain number of
American troops arriving in France,
but after these units are supplied the
United States would fully eouin 'ad
ditional troops.
America s resources. Jong. Gen.
Charles B. Wheeler testified, were
sufficient to meet all war needs. He
asserted the war department had a
billion dollars worth of ammunition
contracts.
His Fund For Airplane Bombs.
MaJ. Gen, George O. Squler, chief
signal officer, testified the signal
corps had spent or obligated all the
$519,660,000 appropriated to carry out
its airplane program, and has In
curred obligations that win equal
$94,000,000 in addition, and may go
beyond that for the present fiscal
year. He asked $271,732,000 to pro
cure bombs for the airplanes.
Discussing storage and shinning fa
cilities. Mag. Gen. George W. Goeth-
als said approximately 3100.000.000.
with authorization of 350,000.000 more
is needed for storage of quartermaster
supplies along the seacoast. Including;
huge amounts for various snedfic ter
minals.
More For Food Administration.
Federal food administrator Hoover-
said the combined food and fuel ad
ministrators so far have had total
appropriations of $.515,000 out of
which there has been an actual ex
penditure of $1,985,429 and there are
now outstanding obligations of
$2,272,383. leaving $li57.950 balance.
He asked $2,000,000 more now He
said he and Dr. Garfield, fuel admin
istrator, were agreed that the two ad
ministrations rhould be separate. He
said, the combined fund was divided
In the proportion of two thirds for
food and one third for fuel
Buy For the Allies.
Mr. Hoover testified that the food
administration is directing the buying
of JlC0.00O.ftW of foodstuffs a month
for the allies alone. "In addition."
he explained, "we have the whole
problem of conservation. Owing to
Increased standard of living In this
country, due to the Increase of tbe
wage scale, consumption of practi
cally every one of the staple food
commodities has Increased greatly in
tbe United States. If this increased
consumption is to go on. we cannot
supply the antes. Whether we can
continue on a voluntary basis for tha
balance of the year I am not snre.
New York already has reduced its
consumption or food, but Pittsburg.
xor instance, cas not qoue so mucn.
Fuel administrator Garfield denied
to the committee he had advised nn.
nle not to bur coal Isst summer nd
explained that what he advised wan
to Duy au tne coat needed but not
go into the market to buy m excess
of needs and thus add to the trans.
portatlon difficulties.
All Aliens Registered.
Provost marshal Gen. Crowder. I-t
asking an additional $10,000 ooo 1nr-
draft registration and selection, tes
tified that there Is a complete regis
tration already of all aliens, includ
ing enemy aliens, between 21 anil an
and that on June 5. there were 1.200.-
000 aliens not enemv aliens Ho.
tween the draft ages of 21 and 30.
GERMAN CHANCELOR WILL
ANSWER PRESIDENT WILSON
London. England. Feb. 14. An lm.
portant peace debate will begin la
the German relchstag February 21.
according to a wireless dispatch from
Amsterdam. Chancelor von Hertllng
will discuss the treaty with the
Ukraine and will renlv ti nrMt
Wilson, premier Lloyd George and
premier Orlando.
Babe Is Bom In Siff
Cincinnati. O, Feb. 14. The
baby of Mrs. J. W. Bogart, 40, of
Newport, is doing fine today de
spite the fact it was nshered into
this world during the overflow of
the Ohto, under rather unfavor
able circumstances. While her
husband was removing her from
her water-bound home In a skiff
Mrs. Began KaTe birth to a girl
The Icy -waters rrora the Ohio
swirled around the skiff.
Hospital Ships Mast Command German Respect With Cannon, NotRed Crcsz

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