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EL PASO HERALD
RIFLES USED BY AfO EFFICIENT Each MilSon American Soldiers in Fraiue Equal to 1,500,000 Germans in Fighting Efficiency, in Estimation of Experts; Bayonets With Needle Points on American Guns. SPRINGFIELD. Mass, Jane 1. I bare come to New England to show you our newest machine for fistMlng the Germans. I do not mean the bis guns of the navy, some of which fire shells weighing two-thirds of a ton. sending them 12 miles at a :iot I do not mean the mighty steel tanks upon wheels, which go crash ing orer the country, beating down alls and bouses and sowing death as t le farmer sows wheat. Such weapons pre few and they Are felt only now -nd then" in great battles. The macn:nes I shall write of are numbered bj the tens of thousands, and some of them run up into the mil lions. One or more of them is in the .ands of almost eery soldier. They orm the weapons of our boys in the trenches, and they mean victory or deeat when they go over the top These machines are the new rifles, the .Browning automatic pistol, ajid the new machine guns. Each will furnish .1 story well wortli the telling. In this letter I shall deal with the rifle. Almost every soldier carries a rifle. It is his chief weapon of offence and defence, and upon its effectiveness largely depends his victory over or defeat by his enemy. It the gun is such that he can get in two shots to his enemy's one he can do twice as much damage. The fact that it can not Jam or miss fire may mean life ex Jeath, and the same is true as to the accuracy of the flight of the bullet on its way to the mark and the force and snock with which it strikes. In all of these respects the Ameri can rifles now being made are su-j pcrior to the guns of any other nation lighting in Europe. They are the most .tficient man-killing rifles ever put Into the hands of soldiers, and their j efficiency is estimated by military ex- j pens to be greater than that of any other gun yet invented. The Germans are armed with the latest type Mauser, and the same is true of the Turks and a large part of I the Austrian., although some of the latter are still using the Mannllcher The French have been using the I.ebcl rifle, with a long, slender bayonet as -harp as the point of a needle, and the Uritish haTe the Enfield, with a sword-like bayonet. considerably -horter than that of the Germans. Our ifles are the new Springfield, made it the arsenal here, and the United States rifle, model 117. which we ire turning out by the tens of thou lands a week at the great Winchester rlants near New Haven and at Ilion T. The latter is a modified En rield. It is the British Enfield, to .vnch have Deen aaaea certain spewi eatures of the new Springfield and 1 ifhra.. which make it far more effec tivs than the Enfield used by the Britlen. In this letter I shall speak t it as the American Enfield. pringftelss Win In Sheeting Contests. The American Enfield and the Springfield have Interchangeable parts md they use tne same canriages. e 'ore the war m Europe began the Jnruigfield had won the prize in many iirxitmr contests over the gone of IS iifferent cations, defeating team after :eam armed with other rifles, lndnd- ni- the Manser. It wen In the Olym ,u- shoots of 108 and 112. and In the atter vear carried off the world's -ecord over all other military rifles at 'rom 800 to 1000 yards. That record jtill stands. it has been eiaimei that the Mauser Tjllei ha a -eater velocity than that ? the Fnringf ie!d or American Enfield, jut tus. as 2 shall show later, is dne r. its sigar snaped bullet, whose tall ..c-r' less resistance to the air. but 1 iCU ts the bullet that it wabbles tvrt-s over near the end of its '1.2ht Indeed, the experts of our ordnance iureau at Washington believe that tur rifles are im per cent more effl 'ent than the guns of the Germans. '. this is so our soldiers can shoot hree shots to the enemy's two, and rerv 200 Americans will equal 300 Germans. If we have l.OOO.COO men n the field our guns will make them -qual to 1.S00.C00. as far as killing xjwer is concerned, and this means hat we shall need Just that many ess troops and shall save their trans lortatlon and upkeep in France. A t business proposition alone it means he saving of several billion dollars a . ear in the cost of the war, and more han that, considering the difflcul es of transportation to France. CVts SHOOS a Tear fer Keek SeMler. On a peace basis it Is estimated that -nsts $1000 a year to maintain a sol lier. and on a war basis, such as we i.ive in Europe, the cost must be more '.an five times that amount, or $5000. f by our guns we can add 500.000 nen to every million we have nslng Ifles. the annual saving will be 500, r0 times SS000. making a total sav ;k of J2.500.000.000 per annum for very million rifle shooters whom we -end over the water. VTe are now making more than SO 0 of these new guns- every week. The Springfield, which is manufac rired at the United States arsenal e-e. has increased its production .-ithin the p-isi year from 200 to 1006 -ifles per r!a and the American Kn- eld, rh1! i manufactured in our '-ictories mH'iS made the British En ie!d. is beinz turrifil ont in six or "vfn times a? crea quantities. Altogether we "nw have more than 000 000 Sp-msf -eld and American ' nfields. and b tle first of .Tilly next -e shall have 1. 200.000 Amric-n Fn--elds and Too ouo new SnrinEr'ields in be hands of tt-e a-Tiiv. We are-tead-in, reasinr our maehinerv of pro U'tion. snd are now makinir n'TOtit '"Ur times as manv ir'ins a tiie Rrit h did - ve-r after they entered the war. and twice a many as thev were -iroduciner two year- after the war e:ran. It is ejected that the monthly production will soon be 2r.fl.00. This means th-t we could eqnin an titit of l.oooooft men with rifle " 'ihn the soace of three months, and 'hen it is remembered that only SO -er -ent of the troom use rifles, the number of men mifht he douMed and e could still mpr.i- them. We hare - r.lrt .it Vew Hove" wVch wit OPHELIA I t ;Hitiniir.inbauurii.mran.uiuimiirtHjBBVssBnn U. S. SOLDIERS 50 THAN THE MAUSERS its proving grounds and terminals, covers 7P1 acres. It employs about 1S.000 hands and it fires 25.000.00 rounds of ammunition every year in testing its output. There is another factory making American Enflelds at Ilion, N. T. It Is one of the oldest and largest rifle plants of the coun try There is a third at Eddystone, near Philadelphia. The Spring-fields I are being made at the United States armory here. Government Omi Sprlaff0eM IraeMl In order to show you how the guns of our soldiers are manufactured I have gone through the great arsenal at Springfield. It Is owned and oper ated by the United States government, and it has been our principal gun factory since the presidency of Gen. George Washington. An army lab oratory was estaolished here two years after the signing of the decla ration of independence, and during a .arge part ot the revolutionary war this was the general depot of sup plies for all the troops north of Phil- aaeionia. me arsenal itseii was tablfsbed in 1794 and the first money appropriated was $59,000. The same act ot congress provided that the president should have the right to spena 1340,000 ror small arms and am munition, and that the yearly ex penses of the gun factory should not exceed $22,865. These figures show something as to oar military expei.-es at roe oeginning 01 tne government. They are in striking contrast to the billions of dollars we are spending today. The buildings of the Springfield ar mory look more like medieval castles than lactones, some "l tnem are al most 100 years old. an.l the main building was modeled after 'he East India bouse in London. The grounds altogether cover 200 c?e, about one third of this being devutd to the ma chine snops. wmcn are in tne neart of the city, and the remainder -a the foundries and forcrinjr establishment in the United States water shop, about a mile sway. The plant normally employes about ' ,.)9 bands. It has now 4000, and t work- day and night. Each Has S3 Parts. Everything connected with the army gun is made here at Springfield. Many of you have seen the rifles in the hands of the soldiers. They seem to be simple, and it is hard to re alize their complicated construction and the careful workmanship re auired in their making. The new Springfield has 93 parts, ranging in size from screws not bigger than those of a watch to the tubular barrel of rifled steel, which is more than 2 inches in length. One of the most lmportant warts of the pan is the bolt used in the firing. This is of nickel steel, and it is stronger thati that of anv other gun now in use It has to rbe so carefully made that 120 Miffer- ent gages are required to test its ac curacy. The gun of the latest model is a lit tle over 46 inches long, and without the bayonet it weighs jU3t 10 pounds and five ounces. The stock is made of well seasoned walnut wood brought from the forests of the middle west, and the metal is of the toughest tf steel which is forged.' hardened and tempered to resist the enormous ihock of the firing. The gun barrel, for instance, must withstand a pres sure of 23 tons to the square inch. The huge army tanks, which have been running about orer the country to stimulate subscriptions to the Liberty loan, do not weigh much more than that, and yon could balance one of those tanks on any square inch of the gun barrel and it would not affect the steeL Bayonet Has Xeedle Point. The gun is loaded with metal clips. each containing five cartridges. It takes but an instant to tnrow in a new clip. It has sights made to the accuracy of an astronomical instru ment, and the whole is a combination of mechanical wonders. The bayonet weighs just two ounces over one pound. It is a short sword with a point like a needle, and of steel so tough that it will cut a cent In half If wielded just right. The bayonet is so accurately made that it can be put in or jencea ont or tne gun wtin a twist of the wrist, and still it Is as tight as though it were a part of the barrel. I began my visit to the factory at the water shop, going through one vast room after another, where the forglngs. brought from the steel plants o: different parts 01 tne coun try, are pounded into shape by enor mous hammers run by electricity. These hammers knead the steel, as though It were so much dough, into tne parts requires ior tne gnu. a bayonet, for instance, will start Into the forge as a square bar an Inch thick and perhaps two Inches long:. It will be laid red hot under the hammer and sounded Into the long thin knife which forms the end of the gun. The hammer is directed by a mecnanic. who lays the hot metal under it and sees that it shapes the bar into a bay onet. Making the Barrels. Tt Is the same with the barrels. They start in as red hot billets and pass through steel rollers, which maae tnem longer ana longer unm thev rami ont In ronnd bars a little longer and thicker than the barrel of the gun. They are cut oil to just ine rirht idse and are then run through othfer machines which press than to the cylindrical shape or tne oarrei. After this thev must be ground. smoothed and polished, and the holes are bored through them with electric steel drills. In this worn tne arm remains stationary and the machine whirls the barrel around against the drill until the hole is bored through Then comes the rifling. This Is done by automatic machinerv. wblcn runs tnrV and forth through the barrels rnting the grooves that give the bul let tne twist as it wniris or uwrra im way through the air. In other departments I saw them grinding and sharpening the bayo nets, and in others they were testing each bayonet to see that It would slip on and off of the barrel of the gun with the least possible exertion on the part of the soldier. The bayonets are tested as to the quality of the metal in them by tapping each against a piece of steel. The man knows by the ring whether there Is any defect. It is Just Uke testing counterfeit dollars. If the metal Is not right the sound is dead and the bayonet is thrown to one aide. In another place I saw them tem pering the parts of the gun. Every thing must be hardened to just the right degree, and much of this Is done in baths of boiling chemicals. Some of the parts are dipped Into a cherry red mixture of salt, cyanide and soda ash. They come out red hot and are then dropped into a tub of oil, whlcb boils with the heat of the metal Other parts are pnt Into a furnace in crucible filled with bone ash. The bone ash Is largely carbon, and some of the carbon in the ash roes Into the outside of the metal, making It harder nd less easy to rust, while the InMde remains as tough as it was before treatment. Extraordinary Skill Required. T do not pretend to understand the science of gun making and I will not try to describe the various processes I saw during my trip through the shops. I will say only that the mak ing of the guns for our soldier is a business which reoulres extraordinary skill, and in which everything is measured and tested to the thickness of habv's hair Everv t 1 1 of metal -eil in fliP jrtms is inoee'ed liv the , r' . ' -nment through chenu al .tnd I rhvsical analyses before it comes ht Frank G. Carpeater (Coerrtcht, -isis. br Frank Q. Carpenter!. here, and the parts are tested again and again as they go through the sHops. The machinery required has to be manufactured by expert tool makers, and there must be thousands of dupli cate gages and other machines to eqnip the plants for large produc tion. I went through shop after shop where men and women were measur ing each of the ninety-odd parts which go into a gun. and I was told that the gages have to be watched lest they become worn and do not register accurately. Some gages re quire replacing for every 4000 or 500 parts tested, and others do not be come In accurate until after double that use. In testing the barrels guns are out into a frame work at one end or a lone shooting gallery, and high pressure cartridges are shot through them into banks of sand at the end. The least defect causes the rejection of a barrel, and accuracy of bore as well as strength of metal is required. In some places the metal of certain parts is tested by the fall inir of a ball noon It- Some of the most careful work In making the gun is on the sight, which is of such a design that the soldier can draw a bead on the enemy much more quickly than the enemy can get tne orop on mm. ins SUCHI is nearer the eye than in the Mauser. It has a large "open peep" through which the eye easily looks and automatically centers Itself while.aiming. It can be adjusted to the wind, and foreign rifle experts, accustomed to their own weapons, have been surprised by the better shooting they eould do with the Sprtngrieia on wis account. MIHmu of Cartridges Made. We are turning out cartridges for these new guns in vast quantities. We had made already more than a bil lion, or enough to furnish 1000 for each of the million guns now in use. The cartridges for the rifles fit equal ly well in our machine guns and the knl1jt am evaetlv the same. The bullets are made on scientific principles and with & careiui stnay of the work they have to do. The type used is just about an inch long; and with the brass case containing the powder it forms a cartridge three and one-half inches In length. The bullet has a sharp point like that of a pencil, and if you win imagine a well sharpened pencil of polished brass an inch long you may have a picture of one of these bullets as It lies before me. It is composed of a core of lead and tin comDosltion. inclosed in a jacket of copper nickel. It weighs less than one-tntra ot an ounce, inn n takes only one-third of its weight in smokeless powder to fire it. The bullet is pointed in order that It mv easilv cut its way through the air, and for the same reason the sur face Is as smooth as that of a new wedding ring. The resistance of the air Is one of the great problems in the flight or projectiles, as tne ouiiei s-nM fArth from our new suns it has a speed of more than a half mile a second. For the first few hundred yards it travels at the rate of 1500 miles or more per nonr. bw -v thnaa ma fast as the fastest Atlantic steamship, and it has the same pres sure from the air as If it were stand ing still with a gale of UN miles an hour blowing against it- A gale one tenth that strong will blow down buildings, and the bullet baa to bore through or against that enormous pressure. Tor this reason the point must be snarp, me rarura "wiw " the whirling motion must aid In bor Ine Its war so rapidly on to its mark. The French bullets have sharp points and taper'ng ends, and the Mauser bullet has been parea aown at me rear end by the Germans in order to redue the resistance of the air. More Accurate Than German Bullets. Our experts say that this clipping off the end or the Manser bullet gives it a litUe greater speed than our bul let, but it reduces Its efficiency In that It does not aro straight to the mark. The Sprrhgfield bullet goes straight or makes just tne curve uuti xne man who shoots It directs. The German bullet begins to wabble shortly after I leaving the rifle, and when It starts on its downward course toward Its victim. Instead or wnirling on its axis and traveling straight. It is liable to turn end over end and be deflected by every wind that blows. Both the Springfield and the Ameri can Enfield have proved wonderfully accurate at from 120 to ISO yard a There is a deal of science in firing a gun, and our soldiers have to be taught just how to shoot according to tne distance oz tne enemy irem mem. There is a pull of the bullet toward the earth caused by gravity, and the aim has to be high above the head or the man you intend to hit lr ne is any great distance away. Thin Is con trolled by the sight of our new guns, which can be so set to correspond to the distances the men nave 10 snoot, tt im Mtimatad that the bullet falls from the line it Is shot at the rate of It feet the first second and that the rate of fall rapidly increases. Let us suppose the bullet will fly 2000 feet the Iirst secona ana inai ure man in shootine- at an enemy that far away. He will then have to sight almost 16 ftet above the head of the enemy in order to hit him. If the man is a mile away he will .have to figure for the gravity fall of that mile and elevate his gun to the angle which in one mighty curve will send the bullet straight to the mark. Hogwallow Locals By DEMi BOTTS. SIX FLINDERS has gone fishing again. He says the main secret sf success in fishing is to have plenty at 700A bait, accompiaied by aabwiaied patience, a streak of optimism, aa Hmitfri confidence, perfect qafetaot, lots of imagination, a ping of chewing tobacco, a dry place to ait, aad a jag in the hushes. Baz Barlow was caaght JooVine at himself in the mirror yesterday. Tobe Moseley went to Bonndine Bil lows today to get the correct time so that he could set his clock when he got hack. tumui n rci aMiwmiwmu imuni 1 1 I SUN IS IN FULL ECLIPSE, VISIBLE HERE ON JUNE 8 I ASTROLOGERS MAKE GREAT PLANS FOR ITS STUDY Evening FACE SOOTH AMP WiD THE MAP OVER Y9U8 HEAB-THE TOP HOfiTH.AWYWWIU.SEE TrSTA8SANPLAMT$ JUST AS THEY APPEAR WTH H6AVEM3 Another Eclipse of the Sun Will Not Be Seen Here for'18 Year Period. THE sun will be in total eclipse on June 8. Astronomers consider themselves unusually fortunate in their opportu nity for observing this eclipse, one of seven visible in the United States during the present century. In that the ceater line of this 0 mile strip passes within four miles of the ob servatory at Denver university, where photographs of the corona of the sun will be taken with the aid of the great telescope wnicn ta equipped with a -0 inch lens. According to dean Herbert A. Howe, head of the department of astronomy at Denver university, this is the first time the path ot a total eclipse has touched an observatory containing a telescope of this sise. and astronomers are hopeful of learn ing more definitely the composition of the sun's corona, which appears as a great glow around the sun when the solar body Is obscured entirely by the moon. "The altitude of the Rocky moun tain region is particularly favorable to observations." said dean Howe, "and astronomers from all parts of the United States are preparing to make observations in this vicinit -. Be cause of the moisture in the air on the Pacific coast, as well as the low alti tude there and at points east of Colo rado, the Rocky mountain region is virtually the only place where satis factory observations can be made." Prof. Edwin B. Frost, director of the Terkes observatory of the University of Chicago, already has made arrange ments to use the facilities of Denver university for making his observa tions, and now is constructing special apparatus to be used in connection with the telescope equipment here. To guard against failure because of possible unfavorable weather condi tions, another expedition from the Terkes observatory will be stationed at Green River, Wyo, which also Is near the center line of the path of the eclipse. There will not be another total eclipse visible in the united States until 1911. Other Preparations. A grant from congress obtained dur ing the last session will enable the United States naval observatory to send an eclipse expedition to Baker, Ore. The Lick observatory will establish SCHOOL DA YS J Cick ttc j Dan ! .4 it. i mui i iimai nmti i SkyMap for SOUTH A Ofcf W 0 A 7 I a station at Goldendale. Wash. The"! 1 sMsbt movement of air to- Hount Wilson. Alleghany and Cham oerlaln observatories at Denver, Colo., and the Drake university observatory at Matheson, Colo. The Sproul ob servatory will probably locate at Bads. Colo., and the Smithsonian As trophysical observatory at Lakin or Hartland, Kan. Dr. S. A. Mitchell, director of the Leander McCormick observatory, and Dr. Mary Murray Hopkins, of Smith college, will be in the party from the ("nited States naval observatory at Baker, Ore. The war conditions will prevent many of the observatories from taking part in the work of observing the eclipse. The Meat Farered: IoealHfe. The most favorable locations will be found in the western part of the' country in Washington, Oregon, Ida ho. Wyoming, Colorado. Kansas and Oklahoma. Positions in Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida are less desirable, inasmuch as the dura tion is shorter and the sun is nearer the horison. The eclipse will occur in Florida very near the time of sunset. Tnlean. the Ghost Planet. There la a certain peculiarity in the movement of Mercury which is not explained by the gravitational Influ ence of the known sources of such at traction. If. however, there existed another planet, with an orbit lying between Mercury and the sun, this disturbance or "perturbation" could thus bo explained. Of course, such a planet would lie so close to the sun that observation at ordinary times would be impossible because of the overwhelming light of the sun. and. therefore, failure to have observed such a body did not prove its nonex istence. They even went so far as to assign the name Vulcan to this hoped for planet. The only occasion when a search for such an intra-Mercurian planet is possible is when the moon entirely cut off the direct rays of the sun at the time ot a total eclipse. A most careful search was thus made.; but it failed to reveal a body of ob servable size, much less one large eonugh to explain the difficulty with Mercury's orbit. A similar search for a lunar satellite at the time of a total eclipse of the moon has resulted in a failure to find any companions for the moon. Eellpe WhHiii. It is a matter of considerable inter est, though perhaps or not great im portance, that at the time of an eclipse of the sun. a special wind if caused by the cooling of a part of the earth's surface due to the shutting off of the heat energy of tne sun light. This creates a higher pressure along the belt of totality which re Copjrisht ms by McClure Newspaper Syndicate. JUNE The Arrow Tuaeuea THE TWO STARS IN THE BOWL OF THE. BIG DIPPER POINTS TO THE NORTH STAR. THE STAR AT THE END OT THE HANDLE Of THE LITTLE BtPPfeR ward the region of lesser pressure. The entire phenomenon is scarcely no ticeable and does not perceptibly af fect the general wind and weather of the day. The very few observations which have been made upon eclipse winds, however, leave little doubt as to their existence. The I. He of an Kelts. We have previously in th.-l column called the reader's attention to the existence of the "Saros" or repetition period of eclipses. It was stated that if an eclipse occurred on a given date, another and similar eclipse would -cur It years later. Though the track of visibility lies somewhat to the west of the previous location, the relative positions of the earth, sun and moon are the same. Therefore, we can say that it is really the reappearance of the same eclipse. A solar eclipse may be said to be born when the tirs o. the series makes its appearance as a partial eclipse visible only near one of the poles. After IS years the eclipse returns as a similar eclipse whoso track lies to the westward and fur ther from the pole. It thus travels over the surface of the earth from pole to pole, disappearing at the pole opposite to the one near which it en tered. There aro usually first about 13 partial eclipses, then 49 to 5 cen tral (total or annular) and finally about a; partial ones again In the history of a given eclipse. The life or an eclipse is, uereiore, more mas 1:00 years. Two BeHpaes la Jane. There will be a small partial eclipse of the moon June 21-24, partially vis ible at Washington, the moon setting eclipsed, visible generally in Sooth America and throughout the Pacific ocean and Australia. As already noted, a total" eclipse of the sun will occur on June S, visible as a partial eclipse in southeastern Asia, in the Arctic and North Pacific oceans and th-oughout North America. The path of central or total eclipse begins In the Pacific ocean to the south of Japan, passes northward al most to the Aleutian islands and then, curving southward, reaches the Amer ican coast near Aberdeen, Wasn at 1:55 p. m. After traveling diagonal ly across the United States, it ends at sunset In the Bahama islands. The Planets for Jeme. Mercury continues in the eastern morning sky until the middle of June, rising about an hour before the sun at that time and should be visible If the weather conditions are favorable. It will be at superior conjunction with the sun on June 27. Venus la also in the morning sky, rising about two hours before sun. It passes from Pisces into By DWIG A Serial Of Universal Appeal I rrn TT T 1 1 tie U trier woman vm i Copyright. 131S. (CMtlMcti frtMR Jack, Amazed to Hear That Louise Is At Odds With His Mother, Persuades Former to Call on Latter. I MEANT what 1 said when I told my ly come. I will be there at 1 ocloi-: . husband I was sorry for him. My 1 Thank you"' self pity was. for the time, swallowed 1 All fer Jack's Sake. , k ,,-, f. thl liow could one be strictly hone?'" up by my sympathy for this man j w,)ndereQ , ,. up telepho,., whom I loved better than myself. It receiver and went into my room t- seemed pathetic to me that he should have to explain to bis mother why he had entertained in his own home with out consulting her. And I appreciated also that his Jove for his parent was so great that it would distress him still further were I to display any in dignatl?n at her attitude. "Why aro i ou sorry for me?" he demandec. "Because." I said, forcing a smile, "you are the cloth between two sides of a pair of shears, darling. It is hard on a man when his wife and mother are at odds." He looked at me, startled. "Oh. but you and mother are not at odds!" he exclaimed. "I could not stand that, vou know. At first you may some :mes have misunderstood mother a bit. but that is all past long ago. It n a mighty comfort to me that you 1 and she are so fond of each other. I I have always pitied the men whose I wives and mothers quarreled." I I look up my knitting again, for I ' had laid it down In the first excite , ment of this talk. "Jack." I suggested, "why not read aloud to me? You know we have not finished that last book of Gals- orthy's." "That's a good idea." he approved heartily. I knew he was grateful to me for pursuing a delicate topic no further. This was but another proof to mo of bow much he dreaded any flaw in what he believed or forced himself to believe were the affectionate re lations between the two women who were dear to him. I had suggested his reading to me. as I could scarcely trust myself to talk any more uat now. I wanted time to think. I worked steadHy and rapidly on the little sweater I was making for Baby Lou, and my thoughts were as busy as my needles. I heard very little of the story that my husband was readlnar to me. By the time that the book was ended. 1 had reached a decision. n .. U .1 T.V 11 a, J , . to see his mother tomorrow. It there j During this rule It would seem t:. was anything to be said of her injured 1 on land and sea great events are pro. f-elings. she and I would say It. Jack j able. These will mean ranch to h.s should not be made uncomfortable if ; .,. u. r M.,1t-,.. I could avoid it. I torT' 0,8 " decUre- "d publishe He had championed me when he had iU profit by them, talked to his mother today. Then I It is a most fortunate sway for 1 would stand by him. He should not suffer because of his love for me or for his mother. I would also endeavor. for his sake to be just and fair. He referred to the proposed visit the next morning before starting for the office. A Preatlse Made. "Ton will see mother today won't you. Louise?" he asked. "Yes." I said. '1 will call on her thTs afternoon. I will make every thing as nearly straight as I can, dear boy. Don't you worry about it." He kissed me tenderly. "Dear little wife!" he murmured. "Too are so good, and so understanding, and so al together fine in every way! There never was another such wire . I remembered that his mother had been an excellent wife. I was all the more willing to sacrifice myself be cause of the praise he bad Just lav ished upon me. He had said that there I never was another such wife! Surely ray unselfishness was beginning to reap its dne reward I was not sure of this, however,, when, later in the mornirur. 1 received a telephone message from my mother inlaw. She wanted to know if I would not lunch with her this noon. "I am planning to have our lunch eon served up here in my sitting room." she explained. "It will bo much pleasanter for you than to eat down in the public dining room. Under those circumstances, can't I persuade you to come?" I hesitated. I did not want to lunch with her today. "Thank you." I rejoined. "You aro very kind but really you ought not to go to so raucn trouble lor me. "It is no trouble." she said quickly. "I would love to have you unless you have something else on hand.' "Oh, no," I assured her, "I have nothing at all on hand I will certain- Taurus during the month, and will be finely in view, though decreasing in brilliancy. Mars moves about ten degrees east ward from Io into Virgo during June. It is practically in the senith in the "arly evening and consequently finely placed for telescopic observa tions. By the end of June its bright ness will have decreased more than one-half, as it is drawing away from the earth. Jupiter will be too close to the sun to be well seen the first of the month It will be in conjunction with the sun on the 15th and for the next six or seen months will be a morning star. Saturn is finely in view midway down the western evening sky during this month. It sets about 11 p. m. June 1 and 10 p. m. on the lith. It is in Cancer. Lranus has now passed from Cap - ricornus into Aquarius. It. rises about lam. June 1 and at midnight on Ibe latn. tin June 1 it is about one gree north of the fourth magnitude star tola AquariL Neptune is still in Cancer near Sat urn, but is a telescopic object only. Planetary Cenftanratlon. June 1. 3:32 a. m Uranus and moon In conjunction; Uranus south 3 de grees Ss minutes. June 2. 3 p. m., Uranus stationary. June &. 2:1S p. m.. Venus and moon In conjunction; Venus south S degrees 2S minutes. June 7. 5;0t a. m.. Mercury and moon in conjunction; Mercury south 4 degrees 34 minutes. June S. total eclipse of sun. June S, 12.43 a. m.. Jupiter and moon in conjunction; Jupiter south IS minutes. June 12. 7:59 a. m. Neptune and moon in conjunction; Neptune north 3 degrees 39 minutes June 12, 9:11 p m , Saturn and moon in conjunction: Saturn north i de grees 11 minutes. June 15. 11 a. m.. Jupiter and sun in conjunction. June 16. 5:0? p. m . Mars and moon in conjunction. Mars north S degrees IS minutes June 18. 9 a. m . Venus greatest he Ztoeentrtc latitude south. June 19. . a. m.. Mercury in ascend ing node June 20, 2 p. m.. Mars at quadrature with sun. June 21. 12 p. m.. Sun enters Cancer, summer commences. June 22. 3 p. m- Mercury and Jupi ter In conjunction; Mercury north 52 I minutes. June U3. partial eclipse of moon. is ible at Washington. June 23, S p. m.. Mercury in peri pcllon. Juno 21,1a m.. Mercury at superior conjunction with sun. June 28. 8:37 p. m.. Uranus and moon in conjunction ; Uranus south 5 degrees 59 minutes. Je Moeei Plmaes. June 1. 10:20 p. m., last quarter. June 8. 4.02 p. m.. new moon June 16. 7:11 a. m., first quaTter June 24, 4-3M a m . fult moon. The moon wp! at perieee on Jum Z and Txn n on .1 1110 .iii'l at ap-'K-' .1 .1.1.- 17 o:d .. 10 . o, ..'t .1 Irr ibi-.i I the I'mted States daylieiht sawnc law Bv Vulrxaa Terhanc Star Company Wc44ts.t Herald) dress. I had given my motherinlaw the impression that 1 would be glad t s go to her. while at heart I knew 1 ltould not be glad. Well, tt was all f -.Tack's sake! But I would try to he perfectly truthful during my interview with Mrs. Hampton this noon. Ab' 1' all. I would attempt to put mysell in Imagination in her place. I followed this line of thourht a:' the while I was dressing. When . started to leave the bouse Baby Lo:, clung 10 me. "I wants to go wif mower," h pleaded, her lip trembling. "I know you do. darling," I soothed kissing her. "And tomorrow raothc will stay at home to luncheon wu: you." "Where you going?" she asked. "To see grandmother." I told her. "Me go. too!" she begged. I shook my head. "No. darling, not today." "fche sure does love her grandma.' Jennie commented as she lifted tt. chold in her arms to comfort her. "And 111 wonder! She's a real woman Mrs Hampton is. A body couldn't hel; loving her. Everybody loves her " The words haunted me as I walkC toward my motherin law's boardira Ipace. Everybody loves her!" As I reviewed mentally the im-' people whom Mrs rJampton kne -. I appreciated the truth of Jennie . statement. Everybody loved her. E ery body except me. And I was h--favcrite son's wif. Was the lack of love my fault 1 hers? (To Be CMtiMed.) HOROSCOPE Swday. June Z. MIS, jrpHIS is a day to be circumspect c I -, x , 1 carefal- ccord1nS to astrology. Th i I Sun, Venus. Neptune, Jupiter and Ma. are all adverse. Mercury alone beir.- 1 f.l.nrflv who write. Newspapers come unr j: . - " , . direction making for larger deTs' more advertising ana increase a : its.- The wise will avoid visiting rei fives or friends who may be in a n. fcitlon to extend favors. The rule held as unlucky since it Is likely -inspire distrust and criticism on t part of those who have influence authority. Love affairs are not well goverr.p for Venus is in evil place. En gar ments entered Into under this o n , u ration aro likely to and Is di;a, pointment. Again NeDtune and Mars give w j Ing of fighting on lr nd and sea. 1 ' r. -Z "Tr it may come slowly. Astrologers emphasise the tap? ance of self-sacrifice and thrift to classes of Americans. The need ' the spiritual effect of unselfish p. triotlsm is apparent, they declare. America's part in the redemption the world. While the readers of the stars fore see for the United States a final -. preme success In the war they repr. their warnings against the nation, impatience and tendency to exp speedy results in every undertaku.. Business plans should be held abeyance during this conftgurat.n whlch tends to reversals, obstructio: and delays. Congress continues subject to r flnences that will prolong delibrt tions and bring surprises to mercb-- Persona whose birth date It is n have a profitable year, if they d, careful not to make any ventures I investments. Those who are " ployed should be camful. Children born on this day prob will be clever and gifted, but ib- subjects of Gemini are often rash .n improvident. Copyright, 1918, by McClure Newspaper Syndicate. Monday. Jane 3. 118. ASTROLOGERS read this as an u important day. While Mars is a. verse. Neptune is In beneflc aspect. It would seem that there will much war activity on the water ar that naval forces will gain in strer.ct. and win many advantages. Honors for a commander in the na : are prognosticated. More than o' hero will be acclaimed before the 1 . Itumn. the seers declare. In this month of June some i.t 1 advantage through diplomacy is to I expected. A foreign power will co" i benefits. I Crime is Hkely to increase in t ' next few weeks. Women are likeiv be oftenest the victims, although ch dren will suffer. Theatrical affairs are menarpri 1 the stars. The prediction is that manager will lose a fortune, but r, ventures will be most success t American players who go abroad h.r a kindly star to guide them. There is a menacing rule for tr.i this month, especially for those "v.-'. o forth in ships." Under this rule, which seems t threaten anxieties concerning milita affairs, it is imperative that co: dence and courage be cultivated, fr -the planets promise for the nation tv greatest future that will come to a world power. Again strikes and riots appear to h foreshadowed. Troubles imonn fac tory workers appear to be presacea by the stars. Secret foes who work in ma- places where they are not to be c' covered may produce a sensation so -e time next month. Treachery on the part of a foren power has been often foreshadowed Ireland has a sinister guidance the stars, which may cause ser,:- conditions with a possible crime tha' will shock the world. Persons whose blrthdate it is ha the augury of a quiet year. The should safeguard the health. Children born on this day mr t sensitive and impressionable. The subjects of Gemini often po?bf psychtc ei ft a Copyright, 191S, by t McClure Newspaper Syndicate. An example of the patriotism of ' American mother was furnshed K Mrs. Mabel F. llarcissen. -who bi gone to France to take up V. M C work with the same regiment her was an officer in before 'e -was k;r.c in action. St R.V3TOsr, Mf P-IS FTOMLINei Nt0UNt Ml HOUSE - ViMXT CW V& REASON e f NWtrlkVSUKO. IJUVNUE HE'S trT "TO Married rvjfux HE'S TfcNirKi rb er rV Mov or mi WtSS suY ?