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WEATHER FORECAST. ! T?l Pirn anfl west Texas, eeuerallv fairi ftnr M.TiVn I TODAY'S PRICES Mexican bank notes, state bills, E30c; pesos, old, 84r; new, 45e; Mexkan gold, 50c; nacionales, 25c; tar silver, H. & H. notation, $1.13; copper, 23 24c; pains, lower; livestock, steady; stocks, lower. generally fair, cooler northeast; Arizona, fair except I t. 1 .1, -.. ... Mnf.;il onntTiVMf wft wunna ...... , LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. EL PASO, TEXAS, THURSDAY EVENING. AUGUST 14. 19 19. 16 PAGES TODAi DELIVERED ANYWHERE. 70c MONTH. SINGLE COPT. FIVE CENTS OF POLICY CHA WARNS MEXICO RUMANIANS' THREAT TO STRIP HUNGARY ATTACKS ALLIES, TOO DEMAND COUNTRY BE JOINED TD RUMANIA UNDEB Ultimatum to Hungary Asserts 250,000 Budapest Work men Await Departure of Rumanians to Seize Power and Restore Bolshevism; Entente Distrusted; Anglo American Domination of Rumania Sought, Charge. T 7TENNA. Austria, Aug- 14. (By the-i 17. ... .... V Associated Press.) A statement attacking' England and America, de Traamg that Hungary be united with Rumania under king Ferdinand, and threatening to strip Hungary if the Romanian army is forced to withdraw 'r m that con a try, has been presented archduke Joseph, head of th Hun garian government, by the authorized Rumanian representative at Budape-t according to dispatches received here. The text or the statement, accord ing: to report, follows: Texa of the Statement. 'There are SfcO.OoO workmen In Bude;est who are waiting only for the Rumanians to leave Hangar im mediately to take the situation into :Teir own hands, whl' b means the re turn of Bolshevism. The Hungarian emment cannot depend upon the i ente powers for assistance, for those rowers have withdraw all their troops from Russia and America is unwilling to end a single soldier. We do not trust the entente, which wants only to humiliate us. We are willing to w.tndraw our troops, if necessary, siarnng tomorrow morning, but we w .11 carry off everything and strip the country, just as field marshal Maek ensen did Rumania. "The only grudge the entente has against us Is that we refuse to haTe English snd American capital dominate Hp mania. Hun gary must follow Rumania's pol- Icy in not ecreptlnR BngI sh and American capital. Whatever would rrraaln after the Romanian r-A treat would be taken by the- en-?w tente, anmaj. The entente IJra Is to have Rumania and Hungary fight and a'troj each other, the entente thereby getting all. There Is only one policy for Hun gu.rv to pursue, that is a Junction be t a e'en Hungary and Rumania, ruled ! the Rumanian king. We do not ar what the entente or nremter Cle- menceau, of France, wants to do. We will follow tur own polity. "We expect an answer from arch- New York Milkmen Endorse Strike Of Actors And Barbers Won't Shave An Actor Without Card In The Union EW TORE. Aug. n. witn IZ theaters closed down as resQIt of the strike of actors and actres.es. the strikers have settled down to a real fight with the managers. Gradu ally their ranks are being enlarged. Thr New Amsterdam, where "ZleB fleM's Follies" was billed, was filled last msht when annonncement was made that five principals Eddie Can tor. John Dooley. Gus Van. Joseph Schent and Phil Dwyer all members of the Actors' Eooity association, had 'w.xlked oat Their action followed r- vocation by supreme court Justice Linden of an injunction obtained by Florenz Ziegfeld restraining "union ists" from "interfering with" his pro duction by stepping: from the caste. Grumbling, despite restoration of their ticket money, the audience filed out into rain-swept streets. In the Z!ecfeld case Jsatlce Lin. den held that no actor conld be legally restrained from brraklnc his contract. At the same time be issued an In junction In the case of ins Forty Eighth Street theater "restraining" officers of the Actors' Equity asso ciation and the cast of tbe play "They Who Walk in Darkness," from par ticipating in any way In "alleged combination and alleged conspiracy" t-, ciosi tbe play at Its premiere to morrow night. Milkmen Endorse 'Cm. Overtures for a conference between the Striking actors and the Producing Managers' protective association have been received by the attorney fur lite xn? r.gers from the attorneys for the actors. The Actors Equity assoclnilon nnnonnced last night that clel. fcaies from the milkmen's union, barber's onion and L'nlted Mine Workers have pledged fhelr .up. port. Tbe barber. union, .aid the an nouncement has notified members that any who ntteidrd a perform, ance In a theater where actors are on strike will be fined f. The barbers deletmte told the meeting that nnlon barbers nl.ng Broad rray were refusing p shave actors who could not produce nnlon cards. Ko aggreTation of stevedores, steam fitters or street car men ever waged The Things El Paso Must Have Long Beach. Calif., Aug. 10. Editor El Paso Herald: Keep up the good work for parks. Don't stop uatil EI Paso, has several amusement cenlen, more parks, and, above aH, a raysicipal hathbg beach. Mrs. H. W. Broaddus. DIG FERDINAND auke Joseph, head of the government, I Kw C H.lAAb tnHlsk I ... aetrAe Is by 8 oclock tonight. If an answer is not received by that time, we shall inform Bucharest, which will decided what action should be taken." Believe Crisis Is Imminent. Allied military representatives con ferred at Budapest yesterday with representatives of the Rumanian and Hungarian governments, but the re sult was not an noun ed It is believed, however, that a clrsis is imminent, and that the Rumanians mast give a defi nite reply to tbe peace conference note of August 7 without material delay. Meanwhile, the Rumanians, ac cording to report from Budapest, are stripping tbe country and seising the railway and transpor tation lines. Supplies of all kinds are In readiness to be moved out of tbe country. The Romanians, it Is added have taken flour and agar from wnrehouses and even threshing machines working in the harbest fields nnd have seized food and medical supplies from hospital. Tne outlying aismcis or Hungary tare still ignorant of re ent develop ments in the capital, owing to the i censors nip. and tne anipment 01 xooa to Budapest has stopped. Rumanians Against Archduke. Paris, France, Aug. 14. Rumania In no wise favors the instalation of arch duke Josenh in nower in Hungary, ac cording to a declaration maue to the Temps by Victor Antonesco, Ruma nian minister here. "The Bucharest government has nq reason for sympathy either for the anhduke personally or the reaction ary regime which he represents,? 1L Antonesco says. Poles Welcome Romanians. Bucharest, Rumania, Aug. 14. (Havas.) A Rumanian delegation, beaded by Gen. Sadikbas arrived at Lemberg. It was wskwraed cordially by the PoHsb an.horfffes and the pop ulation. Report Troops About to Leave. Amsterdam. Holla. kJ, Aug. H. Ru manian troops are about to leave DUWI1IUL 1U UUDCWUEUC J. UIu . 'U . J ' Budapest in on sequence of the note sent to Rumania by the peace confer- m . .1 M..h "3 'T"i"L?.?l " I rt'v . ? A"""" i"b newspapers of that city. a strike in more deadly earnest tbTn these Broadwayites. whom the world with tolerant affection regarded as an eccentric race apart. In a Itral Strike. Talk with them and mingle an hour among the thousand or mare who con stantly throng in and oat of their "secret" headquarters la an abandoned cafe on 4Sth street and youll come away with dimmed Illusions. Today there wasn't one who ap peared to have come fresh from a bath of champagne or cream. The actres ses didn't carry dogs and wbat Jew elry they wore wouldn't tempt a sneak thief to "crash" the guardian of the stage door and loot a dressing room. Fear a "Black Llsf." Newcomers to the ranks of organ ized labor, they are now engaged In a fight against the the theater "trust" which means far more to the individ ual In his career than the trades union strike usually means to tbe laborer. Because, if they lose, they expect to be hounded into obscurity by a punitive "black list." But the heads of the Actors' Equity association declare "we will win. There are millions of Anion men in New York and they will not be at the theater as long as we are on strike." "You remember what Sarah Bern hardt did when she was denied the aters by the syndicate" said Ned C Sparks, of the information commit tee at the 46th street headquarters. "She blred a Trig top' a circus tent and ran her show Independently. We can do the same. There are men in this "crowd around us now whose names have been In electric lights on Broadway for many seasons. But every one of them is willing to come on In the footman's part to say the carriage waits' to a pair of chorus men. They are willing to submerge themselves if necessary for the good of us all. Their Own Show In Tent. "If we are compelled to do it we recruit In one v-eek the greatest aggregation of musical and dancing talent that America ever saw and we will put on our show In a tent." At first the officials of the union were averse to the admittance of chorus girls and boys. But when the bars were let down to these perform ers yesterday. 750 enroled In a few hours, including the entire choruses of two musical comedies, and tbls morn ing the chorus auxiliary was 1100 strong with hundreds of additional enrolments promised. Tbe Chorus Join. In. There was a riot of cheering and (Continued on page 7, column 3). SENATE PRESIDENT TO DISCUSS PEACE PACT FIXED RETURN RAILWAY PLA IS PRESENTED Security Owners Ask Con trol Plan Providing Six Percent On Capital. OPPOSE FEDERAL INCORPORATION Surplus Over Fixed Return Would Go lo bmployes, Public, Road Owners. WASHINGTON, D. C"-. Aug. U. The Warfield plan for railroad con trol, with provision for a flat re- torn of 6 percent on capital Invested, was presented today to the house In terstate commerce committee by Hither M- Walter, general counsel of the National Association of Owners of Railroad Securities. The fundamental, of the plan. Including diTlslon of all surplus over the fixed return anionic em ployrs, the puhllc nnd the road earning It. iron explained by Sir. Walter, who declared It eonld be put Into effect Immediately. "The kevstone of the Warfield plan." the witness said. "Is a congres sional mrecuon 10 me hhy ntmmrM committee that it shal make freight and passenger rate; sufficient to pay operating expenses, maintain railroad properties and give not less than G percent return on the aggregate face value or me property devoted to transportation in each of the principal traffic territories." Oppo.es Transportation Board. Mr. Walter opposed federal incor poration, a transportation board and a secretary of transportation in the cabinet and declared that under th minimum t-tnra nian some of the car riers would have turned In a surplus for division between employes and the public Mr. Walter said the finan cial structure of credits dependec tipoa lislatkin coasted br this Re gress to oeai wiu nnnn. ikttw I... Th urfonistion. he salri used the property Investment account of the carriers as tne oasis upon wnrcn to apply the 6 percent, because thr interstate commerce commission had 'found It the only available oasis i ior nmmBt determination of sufficiency - ; - .... . ;i .., Twn investment. I,.. 1 . .r .h. it nu a. fundamental of the War- field plan, tbe witness said, that labor ehould participate In the earnings ot the carriers. Fntltled to C Percent Ileturn,, We believe. he declared, "that capital is entitled to Its return of f percent; that labor Is entitled to r fair wage, and that the excess earner by the carriers, after paying fair wages and 6 percent upon capital should be divided with labor and the public Labor's share should be use" for the establishment of the Insur ance system or for profit-sharing By reason of the largely Increased du ties which will fall upon the com mission, the security holders ask con erasa to create six regional inter ! state commerce commissions, subordi nate to the commission, but with all the towers of the interstate commerce commission In their respective terri tories. "Our plan contemplates that these regional commissions snail act a boards of conciliation in settling wage dlsDUtes, being a body close to thr employes, the carriers ana tne snip pers. C. S. to Authorise SeeuritT Issues. "The issuance of securities of al1 carriers engasred In interstate com merce would be vested exclusively in federal authority. "This plan would create a corpora tion operated with profit to the rail roads and managed by the nine inter state commerce commissioners an" eight men selected bv the railroads. In contending that 6 percent as the proper return would not db ques tioned. Mr. Walter said: "Even Mr. Plumb, the great ex ponent of low returns, admits that f percent is not an excessive return un der private operation." The association believed the sur plus over the fixed return should tx divided equally anong the employes, the public and the earning road, one third to the road "to encourage In centive and Initiative in operation. New Japanese Envoy To U. S. To Succeed Ishii San Francisco, Calif., Aug. 14. K. Shldehera, vice minister of foreign affairs In th Japanese cabinet, has been appointed Japanese ambassador at Washington to succeed viscount Ishli, ccording to cable advices re ceived from Tokio by tbe Japanese American, a local Japanese language newspaper. ADMIRAL BRISTOL TO JOIN SMYRNA PROBE COMMISSION Washington, D. C Aug. 14. Rear admiral Mark I Bristol, commander of the United States naval forces in Turkey, it was learned today, has been designated as the American member of the interallied commission appointed to Investigate incidents connected with the occupation of Smyrna by. Greek and other allied forces. ADMIRAL HUNT CALLS OX PURSIDBT OF AltGEXTIXA Buenos Aires. Argentina, Aug. 14. Rear admiral T. A. Hunt, commander of tbe British south Atlantic squadron, called upon president Irigoyen at the presidential palace today. XEW GOVRRNAR OF KOREA f Tokio. Japan, Aug. 14. (By the As sociated Press.) Admiral Salto, for mer minister of the navy, has been appointed governor of Korea, accord ing to newspapers here. There is no confirmation of this report. COMMITTEE WILL iOFFIGIALS SPECULATE ON PURPOSE DF COIFEREiGE BWL HOUSE Foreign Relations Committee to Make Public All Treaty Data Secured From Wilson; Will Call Before It the Peace Advisers Who Resigned; President Is Re ported Still Firm Against Reservations to Pact. WASHINGTON, D. J. Aug. 14. After a two hour discussion to day, the senate foreign relations com mittee decided to notify president Wilson that it would call on him at the white house at bis convenience to discuss the peace treaty. The committee also decided to call before It EL T. Williams, S. K. Horn beck and Wm. C Bullitt, who re signed as advisers to the American peace commission at Paris because it has been reported they disagreed with decisions by the conference. A motion also to call Col. House, Gen. Ullss and Henry White, American delegates to the peace conference was voted down 0 to R, senators MfCnt.r, North Da kota, and Harding. Ohio. Repub licans, v otlng with the Demo crats. In deciding to request a conference with president Wilson, on which there was no committee vote, it was agreed that all information secured from the president should be made public. Wilson Won't Comment. There was no Indication at the white house when the president would receive the committee. To in quiries, secretary Tumulty said: "We have no comment to make." Speculation nt the caplto as to the purpose of tbe committee In requesting that the president re ceive It revolved around tbe sub ject of reservations to the treaty and tbe league covenant. Re fore the committee acted It had been Intimated at the white house that the president had nut changed bis attitude against reservations All Hearings to Be Open. No date was fixed for reopening the hea rings with Messrs. Bullitt. Wil- liams and others as witnesses. Some of those to be called are not in this country, but will be invited to at tend as soon as they are available. All of the hearings jU1 be open. chaUyAfn r-wlgte annotrneed. Tlte 'committee decided also to call Dr. John C Ferguson and Thomas F. Millard, regarded as authorities on Chinese and Japanese affairs. Senator Fall Indicated that he would not go to the white bouse because no record of the discus sions would be kept and that dis putes would arise afterward as to what the president said. While gratified that the senate for eign relations committee has decided to speea up consiaerauon oi tne peace treaty, president Wilson, it was said r. S. ATTY FIGHT IN EL PASO AGAINST H. C. OF L. W. H. Fryer Will Put Forth lations of the Law; Promises That He Will, in All Cases, Ask for Maximum Penalties; the Department of Justice Will Assist. THE roundup of food profiteers in, El Paso and this section of the! country by the government has be-, gun. Assistant United States attor-1 ney W. IL Fryer announced Thursday that he bad received specific orders from the attorney general to start proceedings against violators as soon as he had sufficient evidence. Mean time tbe department of justice Is col lecting the required evidence. "We are making every effort tc ascertain what violations of tbe law If any. there are in this section," said Mr. Fryer. "The attorney general of the United States has instructed us to proceed vigorously and the denartment of jus tice is now actively engaged In gath ering data which may be the basis of immediate prosecutions. Ask Citizen, to Help. 'However, the undertaking Is a large one. Without the collaboration of the citizens we can hardly look for Immediate relief, therefore every citizen should feel It his or her duty to at once notify us of any apparent violations of the law. Anv communication will be con sidered strictly confidential, and no names will be divulged. Small deal ers may have information of unrea- -toiiabie advances in prices, nxewisc Headliners In Todays Theaters ALHAMBRA "Nugget Nell,- Dorothy Glsb, DIJOU "Cheating Herself" and Poppy comedy. EI.LANAY "Virtuous Men. GRRC1AX "Common Clay." GARDRN "Beauty Proof." Harry T. Morey MAJRSTIC "The Devil & Company. WIGWA3I "The Light of Victory," Monroe Salisbury. Blanlon Calls Hardy Rubber Stamp; Texas House Members Clash Washington, D. C, Aug. 14. Member of the house lnterveneC today to prevent a personal col lision between representative Ulanton and Hardy of Texas, both Democrats. Resenting the charge by Riant on that he was a mere rubber stamp.' In the sense tha he always defended tbe adminis tration. Hardy rushed at bis col league, but was restrained. today, has not receded from his post' tlon aeainst reservations. Secretary Tumulty said there was a "strong possibility" that the pres ident would start on his speaking tour when the treaty was reported by the committee. Mr. Wilson hopes to get to the Pa- cine coast in time to review, the ra cifle fleet, early in September, and expects that before be leaves Wash ington, congress will get well under way legislation aesiznea to am in tne campaign to reduce living costs. Plans to Free U. 5. of Obllcatlons. Plans of individual senate members of the foreign relations committee for disengaging tbe united states from various obligations In relation to Eu ropean affairs, are to be directed along several lines, it was learned here today. Senator Fall, Republican. New Mex ico, expects to move to strike out of the treaty all reference to American participation in the various commit tees which are to supervise recon struction in Europe. ienator Knox. Republican. Fenn- aylvania. proposes to urge both In the committee and in the senate a motion that the peace terms and the league covenant be divorced and the latter left for farther consideration after th fvataUv lSfet1 fieri .sA" enarirtlJo rnh, nnVosnson are understiiod to fa or definitely de feating ihe league by striking It bodily from the trentT. It was reported Wednesday that the group of Republican senators advo cating rat I ilea tlon or the peace treaty with reservations bad received assur ances which they accepted as fore casting democratic assent to tneir program when a score of Republican votes for reservations to the league covenant, along lines recently agreed on by seven Republican senators, had been pledged. Effort to Determine Vio Prosecution Penalty When Dealers Fail To Observe "Fair" Prices Washington. D. CU Aug. H. At torney general Palmer told the sen ate atrricultural committee today that it was his intention to prose cute all d alers in necessities sell Izj above the. prices to b deter mined by price coioxnlttees In citier and counties as fair and Just. consmuers may probably know of profiteering, and it Is only through a frank statement of these thing? zrom inojvtauajs that we can expect to gee immediate results. Will Ask Maximum Penalties. The nrevalence of bish nrices. and the apparent attempt to keep them up. U a matter that only the courts can deal with, and it Is my Intention o ass: tne assessment or tne maximum penalty la each instance of convic on. "The law as now in force nrohibits for Instance, a licensee under the food control act irom charging an exorbl int. unreasonable or unfair commis sion, profit or store charge. Tbe w also provides that re-sales with in the same trade, without reason able justification, If tending to result -t a higher market price to the re &Uersor consumers will be dealt with is an unfair practice. "For instance, sugar at this time (Continued on page 10. column 5.) Thomas Lecturing; His Articles Are Delayed Lowell Thomas, whose series of articles on "Germany After the Armistice," The Herald recently started in its Weak-End Edition, has commenced a lecture tour and has failed to finish his succeeding Instalments. He completed and de livered the first two of the eight instalments he promised, and has not supplied any more copy. He promises to complete the other In. stalments at an early date, when they will be given to Herald readers. CALL STER'S FUNERAL IS SI No Eulogy, No Pall Bear ers Mark Quiet Service Al Shadowbrooli, Mass. 3 HYMNS FAVORED BY CARNEGIE SUNG Body, In Severely Plain Casket, Taken To iV. Y. State For Burial. T ENOX. Mass, Aug- H- The funeral i . or Andrew tamegie was oeiu a. Shadowbrook. his summer home In the Berkshires, today. There was no eulogy and there were no pallbearers. The service was as simple as were the tastes and habits of- the man in life. Fnllr one-halt of the GO persons persent were mem bers of the household. The others were Intimates of the family- The ritual of the Presbyterian church was used by the officiating clergyman. Dr. Wm. Pterson Merrill. of the Brick Presbyterian church, Fifth avenue. New York, which the Carnegles attended, and of which Mrs. sang the three hymns that were the "rTe lronUterPTrDM7Su was u???i, "ar.wn!ie nUiauiyo UU1U1& Viae; auiuuici mvu Service Lasts 20 Minute. whoedESSiy k mlnuttsTthe oodv. accompanied by most of the. party, was removed in a motor car to Hilled Oe. ft I, whaiea. fgnsral coach was In waltlna. TBm !ar was attached to the regular train of the new xors central railway, leaving at lai oclecic this afternoon lor xarry town. Thence the body was to be taken by automooiie to Sleepy ioi' low for interment in a lot chosen by jlr. Carnegie some vears ago. Tne body renosea in a severely piain casket in the center of the room and all but hidden in a wealth of loral pieces. The mahogany casket was covered with heavy black broad- cloth. A small name plate of silver bore only the inscription: "Andrew Carnegie, born at Dun fermline, Scotland. November 2S, 185. Died Lenox. Mass. August 11. 11." Those Grouped About COflln. Just before 10:10 oclock this morn ing, tbe hour set for the funeral. those who were to hear the last rites entered the room and grouped them selves about the casket. With Mrs. Carnegie and her daughter, Mrs. Kos- weu Miner, wno were in conventional mourning, were the daughter's hus band, ensign Miller: .Miss Bstella Whltefield. Mrs. Carnegie's sister. Mrs. Morris Johnson, a niece of Mr. -arnegie: nis nepnews. Andrew and Morris Carnegie: Mrs. Carnegie's private secretary, Archibald Barrow, and John Pynton, who had long served tbe master of the house in a similar capacity. Next in the circle were notable rep resentatives of those who had helped the industrial giant to make his mil lions and others who bad helped the philanthropist distribute the major part of those millions for humani tarian nurnoses. Anions- Th pi. were Charles Schwab, once president of the Carnegie Steel company: Robert A. rrauKs. ousmess adviser of tne iron master, for many years treasurer of tne carnegie corporation and of the Carnegie Foundation for tbe Advance ment of Teaching: the Rev. Frederick n. i-yncn. wno represented the Car negie Peace foundation during tbe peace conference at Parts, and Oliver Kicaetson Other Intimates Present. Others intimately associated with the family were Mrs. Henry Phippa. wife of Mr. Carnegie's old partner in the steel business, and their son. Howard: Dr. R. S. Woodward, presi dent of the Carnegie Institution at Washington: Elihu Root. Jr repre senting his father in the matter if Carnegie Endowment for Interna tional Peace, and J. C Greenwav and his wife, and Arthur Hammersehlag, director of the Carnegie Institute at Pittsburg. Seated near these were all those of the household who had ministered to the home comforts of the master of the house. Many of them had been long In the employ of the family. . - v.. .juicii. weanuK Kowns, Stood at the head of the casket and ones oi inem were tne members of the quartet The service ODenf with th. nlnrfT.j of "O. Love That Will K.v.e Tt- v. Go." The Rev. Wyman recited the two pravers of the ritual and fol lowed the.e with thA Tir.l'n nn.,, The quartet then sang. -He Leadeth annotated from the Psalms -snd the service closed with the singing of - " - iw.u ins unnKn "CroMnr the Bar. A death maslr nf fr fmp-t ream said to have been taken last night hv Augustus Lokemsn. or New York. THE LIBRARY HONORS MEMORY ur MAW WiiU rUUPiJJtU IT On Thursday moraine- nt Torft oclock. the time set for the fnneral of Andrew Carnegie, the public li brary of El Paso closed for an hour. FIREMAN XRAR DRATIT j Trinidad. Colo. Aue. 14. C S RiJ Hott. of Denver, fireman of Colorado1 ana soutnern passenger train No. 2 mat was wrecKed near Watson dur ing Tuesday night and which resulted In the death of engineer Joe Atv. ander. Is in a critical condition at the hosoltal here. Elliott was hadlv IPLEOi scalded by steam. on vkumv Til CI TIZENS Wl ERICA5S MEXICO HINTS IfOSSIBILIT. DF GIVING PROTECTION ASKED State Department Discloses Threat of Radical Policy Change Sent July 22; Mexicans Reply Everything Possible Being Done; Safeguards Are "Impos sible Unless Foreigners Go to Populous Centers." T7ASIIIXCTOX, D. C. Ang. II Warning that there would be a radical change In the policy of the American government regarding Mexi co. If the Carranxa government con tinued to fail to protect Americans In that country, was contained In a note sent to the Mexican foreign of fice, July . That the note had been dispatched warn disclosed today by the state de partment together with the Informa tion that in Its replj the Mexican kot ernment had said that everything pos sible already was being done to pro tect foreigners. There was n sugges tion that unless foreigners concen trated In popnlons places It would be Impossible to afford them, the protec tion demanded. Notification of a possible ehange of policy was made by the American embassy at Mexico City on Instruc tions from the state department, which determined upon this course as a result of the long series of mar. , 5ir:;ICFHFRu TO SUM MM Fllll UL-ISLMllL U Mil 3 1I13U JllIU.IL.i9 I MtL. Tfl Hfinrr flBI EHI 1 U IIUHLbL. Ull Ilia Combat Men, Contending for Separate and Independent - rt ? a r i i- a? Tr:i:i j -HIT OtJi VlUtJ, TG OUpportea DJ XiZdUlUg JJJJJLlI&iy cUlU Naval Authorities of the War; Baker Turns Down Eecommendation of Assistant Secretary CrowelL By DAVID WASHINGTON, D. O, Aug. 14. Se rious differences ot opinion which affect very vitally the future defence of the United States have arisen between secretary of war New ton T. Baker and the general staff of the army on the one hand, and on the other the majority of the men now on this side of the ocean who helped win the war by aerial combat in France. With the airmen stand so less an thonties than marshal taJFt Foch. Gen. John J. Pershing, admiral j to kee the present organization m Beatty. Sir Douglas Hale, Winston ! tart. hK,.. - ' But the real opposition cornea from Churchill and the chiefs ot air service . tlde the army, where the keenest In France. Italy and Great Britain. I rivalry of other organizations is felt. All the men who have bad exoerl- I To creat. a senarate air service, for ence overseas believe the lessons of five years of mistakes in aviation re- quire the setting up of an independent air service which shall cooperate with tne lana or naval zones m time oz war as reaulred. but who shall be ! trained separately. Crowell Presents Renori. Assistant secretarv of war Benedict Crowell. who has lust returned Irom ft?0?.' JT .l ..,.1 ZHhffJS 1? S!f.ir Sft-hSSL LSS1 of himself and his colleagues advocat- ing SUCU a Step. But secretary naker. Infra. enced strongly by the views of the general staff of the army has turned down Crowell's report. has introduced a hill" In line with Mr. 1 Crowell's recommendations. It would ' sSSiAm nrSaii 'IZ a?ew.?,d Jor .'be .??'1,DJ pl, Tir,i. r 'b'n ""d J?'1. 5. wh? vfw.fD.TJ ?et3Lo.5iii5e oflSSStsM defence. Daker Rejects Proposal. Secretary Baker turned down the Crowell report with this observation: "The mission has. in my judgment, gone too far In suggesting a single centralised air service. Military pi lots are trained to fight singly or in formation in coordination wltb other branches of the military service so ' that their training must be military. Their own efficiency and that of the other branches of the service depends upon the most intense and constant j associated training and a separation 1 of the air service from the army or nary would require coordination of their activities In time of war where as, effectiveness In military opera tions rests upop the concentration and singleness of authority command and purpose." To this the airmen replv that of couise tbe aviation service would on. erate under a single command in time or war, just as tne navy or marine 1 corps do whenever ioint onei-atfnna i are necessary, but that there Is no t more reason for keeping the army and use an nci vice, IDO WCSpOnS OX tUC I land and the alr. cnmhltwwi smt am- elated than there Is lo keep land and sea instnimentalitles together. j Air uorainnnre Necessary. They argue that moreover, lnfan- jr. ariuiery and other important ft. Own Your Home "YWXTNG ose3 own home may not be any cheaper than renting when interest oa the mreatmest is consider ed, bat it makes a man a better ertifco, gives him a feeling of security and sett respect, teaches him to save and provides a permanent haves for las family. HapniaeM and independence await those who have courage, perseverance aad who know how to save. Go to your banker and he will tell you the same thing. The Bulletin.9 S. P. railway puUicakxi. LL ALTER ATTITU ders and outrages of Americana In Mexico culminating In the murder of Peter Catron In San Luis PotosI last month. Here's Threat In Tfote. In connection with the death of Catron the usual representations re gardlnsr the capture and punishment of those responsible were made the note concluded as follows I am nlso Instructed to state that shonld the lives of American eltlzena continue to remain unsafe and these murders continue by reason of on wllIingnesA or Inability rf the 31 ex I can government to afford adequate pro tection, my goTcrnxnent may be forced to adopt a radical change In Its poliey with regard to Mexico. The commun I cation was sUmed by George T. SnmmerHn, charge d'affalrs. Surprise was displayed in the reply of the Mexican government at what Is fttyled the "menace"' contained In the American note. It waq suggested that It appeared s trance that such demand for protection should be given for eigners In sparsely settled districts, when crimes often go undetected In (Continued on Page 7, Column 6.) IHISTinRl TtU 1PU Ilallll 1UIB 1 U&.IUI LAWRENCE branches of military operations on land to take care of the air service would agiln be lost sight of, as was the case In the recent war. and that America will be left far behind other nations which are concentrating on. aerial warfare. Indeed, the airmen argue, the tlme ts coming when nations who dominate the air will bedn to overcome array and navy, too, by bombardment frjn .bffve There is reason to believe that the navy aere does not oppose a separ- . instance, would mean new officers of i high rank, and that might dtmirish. i the number of army officers who 1 could retain their present high rank. Objection Not Personal. All of these things are to be taken i" "r!"? '.""It? "J ""'"K !?? 'sn"1 " f " i"i'7..mf ' sf""1 "e art or the remarkab'e part " Played overseas In winnins the war. Indeed, the time la omins hen ,hMtr-tlcnl views of the of ficrs who , nnfortnnatelv rnmnelled to ruv on this side or the ocean, will onruct very strikingly with the practical views of the men who actually saw the immense operations in France The air service men are fighting hard to get an independent air servi e at this time, for they believe if they 'he pHots and experienced ob- servers who are now In the army they not soon recover them, and the lessons of the European war will not taught future youths by men who tT9 alr sarae tnm ,,rst hand I Service Going to Pieces. Already the air service is ?oin to pieces. Though mem era of the house milltrry affairs committee have sug gested a remedy, the war department has not changed its orders n erby the air service will lose about 2000 expe rienced pilots. Dy the end of next month only 1O0O officers will remain and n bo tit 1I.OOO enlisted men. Of the 1COO officers, about balf are p lots. The air aerTlce wanted to keep at least 3too as a neurlus for future expansion and developments. Secretary Baker has just cmv.net a board to Investigate the advi-abihty of having a separate air service, but on the board are four army men and one aviation officer AccoMin? to the secretary, practically all ha indi cated by testimony to congre3s or otherwise that they oppose a separate air service, so there is much fe res sion In the quarters of tbe air ser ( Continued on page 3. column 3.1 0-0-X -0-h5m 0-X-0 a. vDi. ni-sw ifninttoiB of -a The BI Paso Herald Is nearly . o twice that of any other EI Paso -C paper. DE os Water Si: n. mite Si ??- 1 '