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EL PASO HERALD
LACK on n nr Ul IULIUI GAUSESDISSEWT Congressman Criticise At titude of the Secretary of War. "Washington. D. C. Auf. 14. UndVr the announced policy of the war de partment, the army Is to be reduced to the strength authorized by the na tional defence act before October 1. j The secretary of war has taken the ; book. The figures were for 1515. but nosition tnat even a xoree or jju uiu u was saiu inwe www is - Fleet Brings Much Money To Pacific Coast Cost of Maintaining War ship Increased Greatly In War Period. San Francisco, Anff. 14. The eco ionic value of the Pacifio fleet to the west is Indicated by the average cost of maintaining warships as shown in the United States navy year SHOWS FLEET fS EH I IT cannot be maintained with the ap propriations made by congress. Con gressional Ie?ders have protested against this policy and are insisting that with the proper distribution of the funis It would be possible to malnta.n a larger force. The bill was creased many percent, perhaps than doubled, since tnat tune. The following includes pay for of ficers and men, repairs to hall and machinery and other costs for a year Battleships 982M74.83 Armored cruiser 3,922. Cruiser, first class 512.Z29.67 Cruiser, third class 290.351.59 passed uron the asumptlon that iwoyer riS there would oe a gradual reduction in . P"HnV " . 37l4.7e Transport Zaz,szs. th armv strength to 325.000 In this connection, the secretary of ar is bfip.jr blamed hp congress for the deaiv :n adopting a permanent ir i'itar pol'cy. Attention is being called to the fact that no recommen dation for a permanent policy have come from the department, and that ur.offn ial statements have been made that the department would not be ready to make its recommendations until th treaty of peace was ratified. The inference has been thrown out from administration sources that the Gunboat 126.140.8S SuddIv shin 202. 768.60 Hospital ship 203.271.40: Torpedo ship tender 187.775.9C Pnel fhip llfi.09S.Sl Since the foregoing table was pub- llebed. pay for sailors, dock and skilled labor of navy plants have In creased as has every other Item into' the maintenance oi a ship. ( There will be approximately 200 vessels in the new pacific fleet. All J na tne . largeK upon the character of the battleships will number only about covenant of the leigue of nations, 'fifteen at all times, bat multipication For 1'nlvemnl Training. TFhen he was abroad, chairman Julius Kahn, of the house committee on military affairs, on a nnmber of occasions announced that conditions ir Europe were such as to make it of vital importance for the Cmted States to adopt a military policv based upon ur.: nril training. Chairman Wads worth, who also made an extended trip through Europe, took a similar view, and both of the chairmen are supported by the advocate? of prepar edness Their support is not con fine 1 to the Republican side of the h'lusp and senate. ' T :m not a pacifist." said chair man Kahn, "and neither are the ma 3ont of the members of the house cmrrm'ttee on military affairs. We simplv want an accounting from the war department as to the expendi tures of army appropriations. During the war we have appropriated in lump sums with scarcely asking- any ques tions as to what it was to be expended for In fact millions have been ex pended for which the war department has given no account to congress. Ken red Demobilisation "The autnorities of the war depart ment were never able to giTe any sat isfactory explanation as to why the axm should be maintained at a strength of 500.000. The members of the ho us1 became convinced that if the war department was given appro priation for 500,000 men. that de mobilization would be delayed. The soldiers wanted to come home and tbe people demanded that the army de mobilize at the earliest possible date. T believe that If the war depart ment wanted to retain a sufficient corps of emergency officers in the service, to complete the demobiliza t.on. it could find funds from the ap propriations that have been made to pav them. I doubt whether the sweep ing reductions that have been author ized by the department Is necessary. All that congress was seeking aside from a reduction from all unneces sary expenses was the early demob ilization of the army. I am delight ed to see that the war department has awakened to this fact. 'With early demobilization pro- of maintenance in 1915 yleds an lm- pressive total. Most of this cost will be expended in Pacific states. Tided for, the war department should turn its attention to plans for a permanent military policy. Even now these plans should be subrolted to congress so that the members would have time to study them. Nothing of official n4t u re has come from the department to Indicate its attitude on a question of military training." COMMISSION ADVOCATES DEPARTMENT OF AVIATION "Washington. D. C, Aufr. 14. Con centration of the air activities of the United States, civilian, naval and military, within the direction of a sinjrle governmental agency with an official holding a place in the presi dent's cabinet at the head, is recom mended by the special American avia tion mission, beaded by assistant sec retary of war Crowell. which has been studying aircraft developments in Europe. In making .public the report, secre tary Baker disapproved the recom mendation for a department of avia tion, holding that "the mission has in my Judgment gone too far In sug gesting a single centralized air serv ice." COMMANDS HASH HOSPITAL. Col. Wibb Cooper, medical corps, ar rived Wednesday at Fort Bliss to as sume command or the base hospital. He succeeds Ma. J. F. Hammond. TTo Worm. In a Healthy Child AH children troubled with worms have an unhealthy color, which indi cates poor blood, and as a rale, there is more or less stomach disturbance. GROVE'S TASTELESS chill TONIC given regularly for two or three weeks will enrich the blood, improve the digestion, and act as a General Strengthening Tonic to the whole sys tem. Nature will then throw off or dispel the worms, and the Child will be- In perfect health. Pleasant to take. 60c per bottle. Adv. Broadside of Modern War ship Four Times Greater Than Old Oregon's. San Francisco, Call.. Aug. 14. Ad vancement of naval armament from Spanish-American war days to pres ent Is shown in the weight of a broad side fired from the old battleship Or egon, the largest at the time of the Spanish -American war. and frxn ves sels of tbe Pennsylvania type of the new Pacific fleets. The Oregon ouId fne a broadside of steel projectiles weighing 5660 pounds. A broadside from the Penn sylvania type with Its 14 inch guns would weigh 17.500 pounds. Future American dreadnaughts and battle cruisers are to mount 16 inch guns. Bach projectile will weigh 2100 pounds, compared with the 14 inch shells of the Pennsylvania. The broadside from the future battleships will weigh a total of 25,290 pounds, more than four times the size of an Oregon broadside. The new ships will be the heaviest armed ships In the world. The 16 in h guns were developed during 1918 and proved satisfactory in every respect The largest guns on the Atlantic fleet in its cruise of 1907-1908 aroun 1 the world was 12 inch. The greatest number of these on any single ship was four, against the batteries of 12 14 inch guns on the more power, ul dreadnaughts of admiral Hugh Rod man's new Pacific fleet. The 12 Inch gun had a maximum effective ranpe or lw.tMW yarns, against me yard Rodman guns. The fleet of ten years ago, naval officers say, would be helpless against even a small part of the Pacific fleet. The Atlantic fleet when it made Its famous trip was consjpered the greatest fleet ever brought together. Admiral Robley D. Evans command ed the Atlantic fleet until It reached San Francisco. All his vessels burned coal, as did the Oregon of Spanish American war days. Admiral Rod man's flagship, the New Mexico, is electrically propelled and most of his vessels are oil burners; thus mate rially Increasing their cruisinsr radius over any previous American fleet. SAYS GERMAnJwILL LET POLAND KEEP TERRITORY Berlin. Germany, Aug. 9. Eastern Germany will remain culet despite the fact that some parts of it are in cluded within the borders of Poland by the peace treaty, wires the Thorn correspondent of the Oeutsch Zeitung. "It is." he adds, "the painful result of observations made on the spot." He declares that the government, con trary to its promises, has tgnomin ously delivered up parts of the east- era provinces an.d that Prussia has failed to come to the aid of her crown lands. The correspondent states tnat the natives and the troops had deter mined to defend their hearths and homes to the very last, but the gov. ernment's change of front now put an end to those patriotic aspirations. He predicts a grave menace to the country as a result of the dissolution of troop units wmcn nave Dee a a ecu xnulating there. " TheArmylsNowA "University In Khaki"; Uncle Sam Offers Elementary, High School I And Industrial College CoursesToHisMenj Jem""m f " m Only Two More Days Marriage is a ertous business In TJtbtianla. When a man marries In Lith uania he marries forever. His wife i not a slave, neither Is she a spoiled toA- dess on a pedestal. She is exactly that sort of a companion to a man mac women should be. San Antonio and Stanton Streets The TYLE WOAIEN'S HOP WEAR if a3 Prices ummer Tomorrow we willplaceonsaleourstock of ultra modish fur capes and coats. This is our first season in handling furs in El Paso. Thiswillbe a money-savvngevent for careful buyers. Saturday is tbe linal day of the special demonstration by tne fac tory expert of the Leonard Hi-Oven Range. Already many EI Paso housekeepers have taien advantage of these demonstrations and learned the many advantages of this 3 fuel range. 5,000 Soldiers in El Pasot District Enrol for work in Schools. THE "university in khaki," now be- j lng organised at Fort Bliss and other posts in the 1 Paso military district, is rapidly becoming one of the largest educational institutions in the entire United States. While the "university" is but a few months old yet approximately 5000 students are enroled and a dozen or more subjects ranging from the ele mentary grades to high school sub jects and technical vocations are being studied. The classes are also under j the direction of some of the most ef ficient school men in the country teachers who in prewar times had won good reputations In the teach ins profession. Leaves TCeeful Trade. Such is the beginning of vocational education as well as elementary edu cation In the United States armv. The idea of vocational training be longs entirely to the present age. It la one of the many illustrations iat the regular army of today has progressed just as much as other American institutions and is still making progress toward moderniza tion. The purpose of vocational train ing Is to give the young man who vol unteers to serve his country an op portunity to learn a trade or secure the elements of an education while wearing the uniform or his country. This range has so much merit that we feel at liberty to urge you not to let the next two days go by without attending the demonstra tions. Demonstrations are from 9:00 A. M to 5 P. M. "We have an In terra ting proposition for out of town dealer on Coal and Wood Leonard Ranges. Full Information upon request. KRAKAUER ZORK & MOYE'S S., I. 117 San Frandseo St Telephone 1040. Gen. Erwin Awarded The Croix De Guerre Friends of Brie. Gen. J. B. Erwin commanding the El Pi- district I learned on his return to the city late i Wednesday that he had been deco rated with the Croix da Guerre. Gen. Erwin was decorated by MaJ Gen. Joseph T. Hickman, southern de partment commander, on the latter"! return recently to San Antonio from overseas. Gen. Erwin had been in command during "Gen. Dickman'a absence-. Gen. Erwin received the Croix de Guerre for his "brilliant part In the American arrays orrensive between TH THE upper picture is a class of soldier students in front of the painters' ;the Argonne and the Meuse. school at Fort Bliss showin? olficer instructors and men in working clothes. The hobby horses never lack, hut they are harder to mount than they xne course to De toiioweu annus look, especially when they are minus a saddle, ask .any artilleryman, one &?3SLmS& learn to saddle a horse just as readily, and much safer, by practice on a men and tbe young man who deligent- t wodden pony. ly follows the course of study planned TBe carpenter school will turn out men highly skilled with the hammer, 5lJ55.afm,i.Sc.lt!!fn1 t'lf.i saw and plane. They not only get theory in the army, but they get actual ceives his discharge and will also be practice. "How is the time for all good men to come to tne ata or tneir party-- as fast as possible, is perhaps what most of the men in the bottom picture are writing. They are in the school of typewriting, -iney aen't use me nunt-ana peck system in irmy schools. riven an ODOortunltv to master trade during his enlistment it he de sires. List of Subject.. The educational work In the EI Paso military district is divided into two seoarate branches namely the voca rional course and the pre-vocational course. Those who desire to take vocational training are given a large variety of studies from which to se lect a vocation. The following voca tional subjects are offered; mechan ical drawing, auto engineering, elec trical engineering, commercial law, ELQijami&Co. Accountants First Hatl Bids IE1 Paso, KTexas. Op Tom manent officers, two: permanent en listed men, live: temporary oiitcers, ten; welfare workers, including. T. W C. A., and K. of C, secretaries. 17; civilian volunteers, eight. Former I'roTr.ior In Charge. Chaplain Walter E. Zimmerman, district morale officer, is in charge nr ulMtinn,l wa.V In Mm H.f J-tf-f bookkeeping, shorthand, commercial , chaplain Zimmerman has been in tne geography scientific salesmanship, service since the early days of the war business practice, typewriting, com- and hu made a close study of condl mercial arithmetic, basketry and tlons j the southwestern outposts, weaving;, and hygiene and premedl- : prjor to entering the service chaplain cine. , I Zimmerman was a college professor. The following vocational studies rh.ni.iM rzimmArman i .Minted in iiaieu as eiecut. m ui"'. i the work by chaplain is. Jtcc auaeu. architecture, radio telegraphy, smith- , ot the fifth cavalry, chaplain J. H. ing ana weiaing. commercial dskidk. ; Moose, of the seventh cavalry, cnap- For Three Days 1 Gvet Coat f length. Fancy 1 Marmot Cape Shawl Collar. Silk Lined. August dfl Q J?A August fOOe f Price 4rV.OU Price .... tJ)iO.UU ' NWmber Price $75.00 November Price $75.00 r t. r t-irv nn I South Leopard Coat, Coon November Price $300.00 Lined. Sealine Coat, length. Fancy August Lined August Price . . Price.... pju.uu November Price $325.00 1 Kit Coney Cape, Silk Lined. November Price $250.00 -August J1 OC fnA .... L&itJ.W $175.00 I Kit Coney Coat, 36-inch length. frr... $175.00 November Price $250.00 I Black Pony Coat, 40-iach length. $225.oo November Price $300.00 Price November Price $175.00 1 Jap Mink Cape. pr:..:.$125.0Q November Price $175.00 1 Jap Mink Cape. iT. $75.00 November Price $125.00 1 Taupe Nutria Cape. 1 Taupe Squirrel Cape. p $75.00 November Price $125.00 November Price $85.00 pT. $55.00 tiling, saddlery, topography and land scaping; radio telephony, horseshoe ing, plumbing, drainage and sanita tion engineering, line telegraphy, hip pology, dleteticea and shop mechan ices. Detailed to Clasaes. The prevocational training course is composed of elementary subjects which are necessary before vocational subjects can be successfully studied. Among the elementary subjects of fered are primary English, spelling, writing, arithmetic, history, civics, and other common school subjects. High school and even college subjects will be given, however. In cas is a demand for them. Enlisted men expressing a desire to take the educational work are de tailed to the class rooms just like sol diers are detailed to perform any oth er kind of duty. The classes are con ducted In mess halls. Y. M. C. K. of C and other welfare organisa tion buildings. The teachers are em ployed from the various army welfare organizations and from volunteering civilian workers. 5000 Are Enroled. Reports from various units sta tioned In the El Paso district show that a total of 3455 enlisted men have enroled for educational training. Re ports from the New Mexico subdistrict ' gives a total of 932. which brings the , total for the entire military district up to 4387. Late hour additional en rolments have recently been received which probably will bring the total enrolment to approximately 600 men. A total of 41 teachers are employed inn "'.v ovuvuu Ul 1UO uismcu This number is divided among tbe va rious organizations as follows: Per- lain S. E. Knowles. of the base hos pital, and various other officers and welfare workers. FOR CONVALESCENTS TToraford's Add Phonnhate refreshes and upbuilds physical j 14 YEAR OLD BOY, LOST IN GERMANY, ON WAY HERE Mrs. Martha SeideL, living at Fort Bliss is happy again after six years of anxiety for her young son who has been in Germany. In 1913 Mrs. Sei del went to Oormany to visit relatives. She took with her. her son. Herbert, then eight years old. She was pre vailed on to leave him there when she returned. Tbe war came and communication between America and Germany was cut off. Karl R. SeideL. color ser geant of the nth Infantry, went over seas, but was unable to find trace of 1 his son. : Recently dispatches told of the boy. I now 14. wandering into France. He 1 was found and cared for by the Red i Cross, nas arrivea in isew loric citv and is beinir sent to his mother. I Tbe boy's father has returned from France and Is now at Camp Funston, We Have Your Size Overalls Here "BGTTEll BE SAFE TIIAJf sonny REGIS TERED CHEMICAL PBOTOD I TODD PnoTECTOCRApfl SALES CO. saeiaon uotel Hide Phone 4043. El Paso. Texas. . ft Fill Out With Pencil ii Be Careful What You Wash Tour Hair With Most soaps and prepared sbarapoos contain too much alkali, which Is very Injurious, as It dries the scalp and makes the hair brittle. The best thins to use is Mulslfled cocoanut oil shampoo, for this Is pure and entirely greaseless. it's rery cheap and beats anything else all to pieces. Tou can get this at any drug store, and a few ounces will last the whole family for months. Simply moisten the hair with water and rub it in. about a teaspoonful is all that is required. It makes an abundance of rich, creamy lather, cleanses thoroughly, and rinses out easily. The hair dries uuickly and evenly, and Is soft, fresh looking, bright, fluffy, w.ivy. and easy to han dle. Besides, it loosens and takes out every particle of dust, dirt and dan druff. Adv 52 53 51 54 ,5 43 49 5S 4B 45 '41 4 4o 39 o3B 55 ft 47- 37 12 ' .35 !c. 8 '34 2. 33 j. I', ' 17 a 23 i4 (f IS e 2B V"9 . . SIVX FEIX rARU.UIG.YT MEM II Kit IS SB.YTBXCBD Dublin Ireland. Aug. 14. Peter Paul G alii van, member of parliament from the west division, who was courtmart'aled on a charge of illegal drilling of troops and the lncltation oi nvn MB.insi pone oxueers in con- i nectlon with his activities as a Sinn Fein leader, has been sentenced to a i year's Imprisonment at hard labor. For Machinist, CarpeLter, Brick layer, Painter, Railroad Man and every other mechanic This is the store that sares yoa the money. Walk a Block and Save the Difference. The Berg Co. 304 East Overland St. Removal Notice On and after August 15th. we will be located at 1 14 N. Stan ton St. FULLAN'S Money to loan on diamonds and Jewelry. Old location 102 San Antonio St. Curtl t Co- bar Uterty Bonds.-Adr. 1 Joining Interests with a Trust Company Eft Trace the lines to fifty nine. Heres my Caroline. I Drnn from 1 In T .ml Bn An tn Ihe ! end. I The men or women who jein their interests with a Trust Company take a long step toward assurance that property and investments aecamshted threagh years of toil will not be swept away at the very time they are most needed. The Trust Company is the modem agency through whieh one may provide careful, conservative manage , meat for his estate and the wise handling of his in surance money after he dies; and, also, for the hand ling of investments and the creation of an income for Hs old age, or for the benefit of a relative while he Hves. There is no comparison between tbe advantages of a corporate and an individual trusteeship. Investi gation determines in favor of a Trust Company. We will be glad to make clear any point abant our ser vice and its advantages. Ask for oar booklet, Qses tioas and Answers about Wills and the Conservation of Estates. 1 Paso Banlk&Tnist Company Savings- Commercial-Trust MEKBXR FIDIRJU.RISIRVE SYSTEM TEXAS' KEEP YOTJE CAR YOUNG! Paint it yourself with Ef fecto Auto Enamel. Easy to apply. Quick to dry. Six colors. Tuttle Paint and Glass Co. IX EI PASO 37 TEARS. FOR SERVICE Odom's Transfer PHONE 707 L.J. OVERLOOK, BROKER. PRIVATE LEASED WIRE Correspondents! Logan Bryan, Ckleajro, Xerr York. Paine. Webber Jt Co nos ton. Dnlnth. 31T Sio. Oregon St. Ph. 5451. St. Resl. Hotel. EUREKA "1 Have Found It." EI Paso's Finest Cleaners PHONE 786. STATE NATIONAL BANK Capital, Snrplns and Profits. SCC0.O0O Interest Paid on Savings Accounts. C. It. Morebend, Pre.. Joseph M.gofffn, Vlre-Pres. C. 51. Dioctt, Vlce-Prea. Ceo, D. Klorr. Ca.hler. It. W. McAfee, Asst. Cashier. C 31. Nebeker, A.t. C.iMtr.