EL PASO HERALD
Congressman Criticise At
titude of the Secretary
"Washington. D. C. Auf. 14. UndVr
the announced policy of the war de
partment, the army Is to be reduced
to the strength authorized by the na
tional defence act before October 1. j
The secretary of war has taken the ; book. The figures were for 1515. but
nosition tnat even a xoree or jju uiu u was saiu inwe www is -
Much Money To
Cost of Maintaining War
ship Increased Greatly
In War Period.
San Francisco, Anff. 14. The eco
ionic value of the Pacifio fleet to
the west is Indicated by the average
cost of maintaining warships as
shown in the United States navy year
cannot be maintained with the ap
propriations made by congress. Con
gressional Ie?ders have protested
against this policy and are insisting
that with the proper distribution of
the funis It would be possible to
malnta.n a larger force. The bill was
creased many percent, perhaps
than doubled, since tnat tune.
The following includes pay for of
ficers and men, repairs to hall and
machinery and other costs for a year
Armored cruiser 3,922.
Cruiser, first class 512.Z29.67
Cruiser, third class 290.351.59
passed uron the asumptlon that iwoyer riS
there would oe a gradual reduction in . P"HnV " . 37l4.7e
th armv strength to 325.000
In this connection, the secretary of
ar is bfip.jr blamed hp congress for
the deaiv :n adopting a permanent
ir i'itar pol'cy. Attention is being
called to the fact that no recommen
dation for a permanent policy have
come from the department, and that
ur.offn ial statements have been made
that the department would not be
ready to make its recommendations
until th treaty of peace was ratified.
The inference has been thrown out
from administration sources that the
SuddIv shin 202. 768.60
Hospital ship 203.271.40:
Torpedo ship tender 187.775.9C
Pnel fhip llfi.09S.Sl
Since the foregoing table was pub-
llebed. pay for sailors, dock and
skilled labor of navy plants have In
creased as has every other Item into'
the maintenance oi a ship. (
There will be approximately 200
vessels in the new pacific fleet. All J
na tne .
largeK upon the character of the battleships will number only about
covenant of the leigue of nations, 'fifteen at all times, bat multipication
For 1'nlvemnl Training.
TFhen he was abroad, chairman
Julius Kahn, of the house committee
on military affairs, on a nnmber of
occasions announced that conditions
ir Europe were such as to make it of
vital importance for the Cmted States
to adopt a military policv based upon
ur.: nril training. Chairman Wads
worth, who also made an extended
trip through Europe, took a similar
view, and both of the chairmen are
supported by the advocate? of prepar
edness Their support is not con
fine 1 to the Republican side of the
h'lusp and senate.
' T :m not a pacifist." said chair
man Kahn, "and neither are the ma
3ont of the members of the house
cmrrm'ttee on military affairs. We
simplv want an accounting from the
war department as to the expendi
tures of army appropriations. During
the war we have appropriated in lump
sums with scarcely asking- any ques
tions as to what it was to be expended
for In fact millions have been ex
pended for which the war department
has given no account to congress.
Ken red Demobilisation
"The autnorities of the war depart
ment were never able to giTe any sat
isfactory explanation as to why the
axm should be maintained at a
strength of 500.000. The members of
the ho us1 became convinced that if
the war department was given appro
priation for 500,000 men. that de
mobilization would be delayed. The
soldiers wanted to come home and tbe
people demanded that the army de
mobilize at the earliest possible date.
T believe that If the war depart
ment wanted to retain a sufficient
corps of emergency officers in the
service, to complete the demobiliza
t.on. it could find funds from the ap
propriations that have been made to
pav them. I doubt whether the sweep
ing reductions that have been author
ized by the department Is necessary.
All that congress was seeking aside
from a reduction from all unneces
sary expenses was the early demob
ilization of the army. I am delight
ed to see that the war department has
awakened to this fact.
'With early demobilization pro-
of maintenance in 1915 yleds an lm-
pressive total. Most of this cost will
be expended in Pacific states.
Tided for, the war department should
turn its attention to plans for a
permanent military policy. Even now
these plans should be subrolted to
congress so that the members would
have time to study them. Nothing
of official n4t u re has come from the
department to Indicate its attitude on
a question of military training."
DEPARTMENT OF AVIATION
"Washington. D. C, Aufr. 14. Con
centration of the air activities of the
United States, civilian, naval and
military, within the direction of a
sinjrle governmental agency with an
official holding a place in the presi
dent's cabinet at the head, is recom
mended by the special American avia
tion mission, beaded by assistant sec
retary of war Crowell. which has
been studying aircraft developments
In making .public the report, secre
tary Baker disapproved the recom
mendation for a department of avia
tion, holding that "the mission has
in my Judgment gone too far In sug
gesting a single centralized air serv
ice." COMMANDS HASH HOSPITAL.
Col. Wibb Cooper, medical corps, ar
rived Wednesday at Fort Bliss to as
sume command or the base hospital.
He succeeds Ma. J. F. Hammond.
TTo Worm. In a Healthy Child
AH children troubled with worms
have an unhealthy color, which indi
cates poor blood, and as a rale, there
is more or less stomach disturbance.
GROVE'S TASTELESS chill TONIC
given regularly for two or three
weeks will enrich the blood, improve
the digestion, and act as a General
Strengthening Tonic to the whole sys
tem. Nature will then throw off or
dispel the worms, and the Child will
be- In perfect health. Pleasant to
take. 60c per bottle. Adv.
Broadside of Modern War
ship Four Times Greater
Than Old Oregon's.
San Francisco, Call.. Aug. 14. Ad
vancement of naval armament from
Spanish-American war days to pres
ent Is shown in the weight of a broad
side fired from the old battleship Or
egon, the largest at the time of the
Spanish -American war. and frxn ves
sels of tbe Pennsylvania type of the
new Pacific fleets.
The Oregon ouId fne a broadside
of steel projectiles weighing 5660
pounds. A broadside from the Penn
sylvania type with Its 14 inch guns
would weigh 17.500 pounds.
Future American dreadnaughts and
battle cruisers are to mount 16 inch
guns. Bach projectile will weigh 2100
pounds, compared with the 14 inch
shells of the Pennsylvania. The
broadside from the future battleships
will weigh a total of 25,290 pounds,
more than four times the size of an
The new ships will be the heaviest
armed ships In the world. The 16 in h
guns were developed during 1918 and
proved satisfactory in every respect
The largest guns on the Atlantic
fleet in its cruise of 1907-1908 aroun 1
the world was 12 inch. The greatest
number of these on any single ship
was four, against the batteries of 12
14 inch guns on the more power, ul
dreadnaughts of admiral Hugh Rod
man's new Pacific fleet. The 12 Inch
gun had a maximum effective ranpe
or lw.tMW yarns, against me
yard Rodman guns. The fleet of ten
years ago, naval officers say, would
be helpless against even a small part
of the Pacific fleet. The Atlantic
fleet when it made Its famous trip
was consjpered the greatest fleet ever
Admiral Robley D. Evans command
ed the Atlantic fleet until It reached
San Francisco. All his vessels burned
coal, as did the Oregon of Spanish
American war days. Admiral Rod
man's flagship, the New Mexico, is
electrically propelled and most of his
vessels are oil burners; thus mate
rially Increasing their cruisinsr radius
over any previous American fleet.
SAYS GERMAnJwILL LET
POLAND KEEP TERRITORY
Berlin. Germany, Aug. 9. Eastern
Germany will remain culet despite
the fact that some parts of it are in
cluded within the borders of Poland
by the peace treaty, wires the Thorn
correspondent of the Oeutsch Zeitung.
"It is." he adds, "the painful result
of observations made on the spot."
He declares that the government, con
trary to its promises, has tgnomin
ously delivered up parts of the east-
era provinces an.d that Prussia has
failed to come to the aid of her crown
The correspondent states tnat the
natives and the troops had deter
mined to defend their hearths and
homes to the very last, but the gov.
ernment's change of front now put
an end to those patriotic aspirations.
He predicts a grave menace to the
country as a result of the dissolution
of troop units wmcn nave Dee a a ecu
xnulating there. "
TheArmylsNowA "University In Khaki";
Uncle Sam Offers Elementary, High School I
And Industrial College CoursesToHisMenj Jem""m f " m
Only Two More Days
Marriage is a ertous business In
TJtbtianla. When a man marries In Lith
uania he marries forever. His wife i
not a slave, neither Is she a spoiled toA-
dess on a pedestal. She is exactly that
sort of a companion to a man mac
women should be.
San Antonio and Stanton Streets
Tomorrow we willplaceonsaleourstock
of ultra modish fur capes and coats. This
is our first season in handling furs in El Paso.
Thiswillbe a money-savvngevent for careful buyers.
Saturday is tbe linal day of the special demonstration by tne fac
tory expert of the Leonard Hi-Oven Range.
Already many EI Paso housekeepers have taien advantage of
these demonstrations and learned the many advantages of this 3 fuel
5,000 Soldiers in El Pasot
District Enrol for work
THE "university in khaki," now be- j
lng organised at Fort Bliss and
other posts in the 1 Paso military
district, is rapidly becoming one of
the largest educational institutions in
the entire United States.
While the "university" is but a few
months old yet approximately 5000
students are enroled and a dozen or
more subjects ranging from the ele
mentary grades to high school sub
jects and technical vocations are being
studied. The classes are also under j
the direction of some of the most ef
ficient school men in the country
teachers who in prewar times had
won good reputations In the teach
Leaves TCeeful Trade.
Such is the beginning of vocational
education as well as elementary edu
cation In the United States armv.
The idea of vocational training be
longs entirely to the present age. It
la one of the many illustrations iat
the regular army of today has
progressed just as much as other
American institutions and is still
making progress toward moderniza
tion. The purpose of vocational train
ing Is to give the young man who vol
unteers to serve his country an op
portunity to learn a trade or secure
the elements of an education while
wearing the uniform or his country.
This range has so much merit that we feel at liberty to urge you not
to let the next two days go by without attending the demonstra
tions. Demonstrations are from 9:00 A. M to 5 P. M.
"We have an In terra ting proposition for out of town dealer on Coal
and Wood Leonard Ranges. Full Information upon request.
ZORK & MOYE'S S., I.
117 San Frandseo St Telephone 1040.
Gen. Erwin Awarded
The Croix De Guerre
Friends of Brie. Gen. J. B. Erwin
commanding the El Pi- district I
learned on his return to the city late i
Wednesday that he had been deco
rated with the Croix da Guerre.
Gen. Erwin was decorated by MaJ
Gen. Joseph T. Hickman, southern de
partment commander, on the latter"!
return recently to San Antonio from
overseas. Gen. Erwin had been in
command during "Gen. Dickman'a absence-.
Gen. Erwin received the Croix de
Guerre for his "brilliant part In the
American arrays orrensive between
TH THE upper picture is a class of soldier students in front of the painters' ;the Argonne and the Meuse.
school at Fort Bliss showin? olficer instructors and men in working clothes.
The hobby horses never lack, hut they are harder to mount than they
xne course to De toiioweu annus look, especially when they are minus a saddle, ask .any artilleryman, one
&?3SLmS& learn to saddle a horse just as readily, and much safer, by practice on a
men and tbe young man who deligent- t wodden pony.
ly follows the course of study planned TBe carpenter school will turn out men highly skilled with the hammer,
5lJ55.afm,i.Sc.lt!!fn1 t'lf.i saw and plane. They not only get theory in the army, but they get actual
ceives his discharge and will also be practice.
"How is the time for all good men to come to tne ata or tneir party-- as
fast as possible, is perhaps what most of the men in the bottom picture are
writing. They are in the school of typewriting, -iney aen't use me nunt-ana
peck system in irmy schools.
riven an ODOortunltv to master
trade during his enlistment it he de
sires. List of Subject..
The educational work In the EI Paso
military district is divided into two
seoarate branches namely the voca
rional course and the pre-vocational
course. Those who desire to take
vocational training are given a large
variety of studies from which to se
lect a vocation. The following voca
tional subjects are offered; mechan
ical drawing, auto engineering, elec
trical engineering, commercial law,
First Hatl Bids
manent officers, two: permanent en
listed men, live: temporary oiitcers,
ten; welfare workers, including. T. W
C. A., and K. of C, secretaries. 17;
civilian volunteers, eight.
Former I'roTr.ior In Charge.
Chaplain Walter E. Zimmerman,
district morale officer, is in charge
nr ulMtinn,l wa.V In Mm H.f J-tf-f
bookkeeping, shorthand, commercial , chaplain Zimmerman has been in tne
geography scientific salesmanship, service since the early days of the war
business practice, typewriting, com- and hu made a close study of condl
mercial arithmetic, basketry and tlons j the southwestern outposts,
weaving;, and hygiene and premedl- : prjor to entering the service chaplain
cine. , I Zimmerman was a college professor.
The following vocational studies rh.ni.iM rzimmArman i .Minted in
iiaieu as eiecut. m ui"'. i the work by chaplain is. Jtcc auaeu.
architecture, radio telegraphy, smith- , ot the fifth cavalry, chaplain J. H.
ing ana weiaing. commercial dskidk. ; Moose, of the seventh cavalry, cnap-
For Three Days
1 Gvet Coat f length. Fancy 1 Marmot Cape Shawl Collar.
Silk Lined. August dfl Q J?A
August fOOe f Price 4rV.OU
Price .... tJ)iO.UU ' NWmber Price $75.00
November Price $75.00
r t. r t-irv nn I South Leopard Coat, Coon
November Price $300.00
Sealine Coat, length. Fancy August
Price . .
November Price $325.00
1 Kit Coney Cape, Silk Lined.
November Price $250.00 -August J1 OC fnA
I Kit Coney Coat, 36-inch length.
November Price $250.00
I Black Pony Coat, 40-iach
November Price $300.00
November Price $175.00
1 Jap Mink Cape.
November Price $175.00
1 Jap Mink Cape.
November Price $125.00
1 Taupe Nutria Cape.
1 Taupe Squirrel Cape.
November Price $125.00 November Price $85.00
tiling, saddlery, topography and land
scaping; radio telephony, horseshoe
ing, plumbing, drainage and sanita
tion engineering, line telegraphy, hip
pology, dleteticea and shop mechan
ices. Detailed to Clasaes.
The prevocational training course is
composed of elementary subjects
which are necessary before vocational
subjects can be successfully studied.
Among the elementary subjects of
fered are primary English, spelling,
writing, arithmetic, history, civics,
and other common school subjects.
High school and even college subjects
will be given, however. In cas is a
demand for them.
Enlisted men expressing a desire to
take the educational work are de
tailed to the class rooms just like sol
diers are detailed to perform any oth
er kind of duty. The classes are con
ducted In mess halls. Y. M. C. K.
of C and other welfare organisa
tion buildings. The teachers are em
ployed from the various army welfare
organizations and from volunteering
5000 Are Enroled.
Reports from various units sta
tioned In the El Paso district show
that a total of 3455 enlisted men have
enroled for educational training. Re
ports from the New Mexico subdistrict '
gives a total of 932. which brings the ,
total for the entire military district
up to 4387. Late hour additional en
rolments have recently been received
which probably will bring the total
enrolment to approximately 600 men.
A total of 41 teachers are employed
inn "'.v ovuvuu Ul 1UO uismcu
This number is divided among tbe va
rious organizations as follows: Per-
lain S. E. Knowles. of the base hos
pital, and various other officers and
TToraford's Add Phonnhate
refreshes and upbuilds physical j
14 YEAR OLD BOY, LOST
IN GERMANY, ON WAY HERE
Mrs. Martha SeideL, living at Fort
Bliss is happy again after six years
of anxiety for her young son who has
been in Germany. In 1913 Mrs. Sei
del went to Oormany to visit relatives.
She took with her. her son. Herbert,
then eight years old. She was pre
vailed on to leave him there when she
Tbe war came and communication
between America and Germany was
cut off. Karl R. SeideL. color ser
geant of the nth Infantry, went over
seas, but was unable to find trace of 1
his son. :
Recently dispatches told of the boy. I
now 14. wandering into France. He 1
was found and cared for by the Red i
Cross, nas arrivea in isew loric
citv and is beinir sent to his mother.
I Tbe boy's father has returned from
France and Is now at Camp Funston,
We Have Your
I TODD PnoTECTOCRApfl SALES CO.
saeiaon uotel Hide
Phone 4043. El Paso. Texas.
Fill Out With Pencil
Be Careful What You
Wash Tour Hair With
Most soaps and prepared sbarapoos
contain too much alkali, which Is very
Injurious, as It dries the scalp and
makes the hair brittle.
The best thins to use is Mulslfled
cocoanut oil shampoo, for this Is pure
and entirely greaseless. it's rery
cheap and beats anything else all to
pieces. Tou can get this at any drug
store, and a few ounces will last the
whole family for months.
Simply moisten the hair with water
and rub it in. about a teaspoonful is
all that is required. It makes an
abundance of rich, creamy lather,
cleanses thoroughly, and rinses out
easily. The hair dries uuickly and
evenly, and Is soft, fresh looking,
bright, fluffy, w.ivy. and easy to han
dle. Besides, it loosens and takes out
every particle of dust, dirt and dan
ft 47- 37
12 ' .35
!c. 8 '34
' 17 a 23
IS e 2B
V"9 . .
SIVX FEIX rARU.UIG.YT
MEM II Kit IS SB.YTBXCBD
Dublin Ireland. Aug. 14. Peter
Paul G alii van, member of parliament
from the west division, who was
courtmart'aled on a charge of illegal
drilling of troops and the lncltation
oi nvn MB.insi pone oxueers in con- i
nectlon with his activities as a Sinn
Fein leader, has been sentenced to a i
year's Imprisonment at hard labor.
For Machinist, CarpeLter, Brick
layer, Painter, Railroad Man and
every other mechanic
This is the store that sares yoa
Walk a Block and Save the
The Berg Co.
304 East Overland St.
On and after August 15th. we
will be located at 1 14 N. Stan
Money to loan on diamonds and
Old location 102 San Antonio St.
Curtl t Co- bar Uterty Bonds.-Adr. 1
Joining Interests with
a Trust Company
Trace the lines to fifty nine.
Heres my Caroline. I
Drnn from 1 In T .ml Bn An tn Ihe !
The men or women who jein their interests with a
Trust Company take a long step toward assurance
that property and investments aecamshted threagh
years of toil will not be swept away at the very time
they are most needed.
The Trust Company is the modem agency through
whieh one may provide careful, conservative manage
, meat for his estate and the wise handling of his in
surance money after he dies; and, also, for the hand
ling of investments and the creation of an income for
Hs old age, or for the benefit of a relative while he
There is no comparison between tbe advantages of
a corporate and an individual trusteeship. Investi
gation determines in favor of a Trust Company. We
will be glad to make clear any point abant our ser
vice and its advantages. Ask for oar booklet, Qses
tioas and Answers about Wills and the Conservation
1 Paso Banlk&Tnist Company
KEEP YOTJE CAR
Paint it yourself with Ef
fecto Auto Enamel.
Easy to apply.
Quick to dry.
Tuttle Paint and
IX EI PASO 37 TEARS.
L.J. OVERLOOK, BROKER.
PRIVATE LEASED WIRE
Logan Bryan, Ckleajro, Xerr
York. Paine. Webber Jt Co nos
31T Sio. Oregon St. Ph. 5451.
St. Resl. Hotel.
"1 Have Found It."
EI Paso's Finest Cleaners
STATE NATIONAL BANK
Capital, Snrplns and Profits. SCC0.O0O
Interest Paid on Savings Accounts.
C. It. Morebend, Pre..
Joseph M.gofffn, Vlre-Pres.
C. 51. Dioctt, Vlce-Prea.
Ceo, D. Klorr. Ca.hler.
It. W. McAfee, Asst. Cashier.
C 31. Nebeker, A.t. C.iMtr.
xml | txt