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WEATHER FORECAST. El Paso and west Texas, partly clondy with prohahly thnndershowers; Hew Mexico, generally fair, local shaw ers in east; Arizona, generally fair. r TODAY'S PRICES Mexican bank notes, state bills, 630c; pesos, old, S4c; new, 45c; Mexitan gold. 50c; cacionales, 15c; bar silver, H. & H. quotation, $1.12; copper, 23H 24c; grains, higher; livestock, steady; stocks, higher. 14 PAGES TODAY EL PASO. TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 19, 1919. DELIVERED ANTWHEHE. 7c MONTH LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. SINGLE COPT. FIVE CENTS OiCil ORDERS BANDITS BE PI FULL 515,000 IS AGREED Completely Confused, Davis and Peterson Think They Are in IT. S. While Held; Landed in Mexico; Well Treated by Mexicans; Try to Escape; Death Threat ened; Ruse Saves 7500 of the Ransom Money. CAN ANTONIO. Texas. Aug. 19. Maj. Gen. Joseph T. Dickman, commanding the southern department, today instructed officers at Can delaria to pay the Mexican bandits the full $15,000 ransom as stipulated in the agreement made with them by the United States government. A CANTXBLARIA. Tex., Auff. 19. H. M. Fennell, Marfa banker, who brought the ransom money here" to deliver it 1 to the Mexican bandits and seenre the , release of Lieuts. Davis and Peterson, j American aviators, returned to Maria this morning with 97500, which Capt Matiack salvaged when he executed a coup, rescuing- Lieut. Davis without paying the second half of the ransom money. ennell said the bnndlU carried hlph powered rifles In their hands when Statlaclc escaped with Davis. The Mexicans were mo astonished at the nerve of the officer they failed to shoot until the horse carrying the aviator and the cav alryman commander disappeared across the river in the darkness. It developed today that Capt. Mat 1?ck refused to wait for firing of the signal flare from the Mexican moun tain and crossed the river at 12:35 a. m. after the hour agreed for the firing of the flares bad passed without a signal. Capt. Matiack became worried over the fate of the aviators and decided to cross alone to the bandit ren dezvous and see what had happened. Signal Flare Is Seen. Soon after Capt. Matiack had crossed the river to Mexico. Fennell saw the signal flare from the Mexi can side zirea ane r enneii urea n. k Am.-is.an dxc- nntifv. i ins the Mexicans that Capt Matiack had crossed. LSents. Peterson and Davis were anxious to return to Mexico with the troops. The ma had not been shaved lor nine days. Their uniforms were rpuddv. finurfid bv cactus and wrinkled from swimming the river. According to the men. RenteriaJ. manaee? toeiV uniforms tc Ttoil tohfef leader as evidence that the aviators had been killed. From descriptions riven by the avi ators, the bandit leader was Jeans F.enteria, well known in the Bis Bend Ojlnaea district and not Chico Cno. although Renterla may have been nperatinc nnder Cano's orders, as Cano is known to be in the district op posite Candelarla. The aviators said Kenteria was the Mexican who ne gotiated with Cant Matiack untl' Tmdnight last night regarding details pf the delivery of the ransom. ntrwf Ion Confuse Airmen. Marfa. Tex.. Aug 15 Completely confused in their directions. udl H- G. Peterson and Lieut. Paul II Davis. American army aviators. uavia, Amcnwui fui) leased early today by payment of re ransom to bandits who held them, be lieved they were on the American side cf the border the entire time from the fall of their plane to tneir release. Capt. Matiack. who paid the ransom to the bandits, finally was able to convince them they were in Mexico and had been following the Conchos river, thinking that stream was the p,io Grande. The aviators thought they were within five miles of Valen tine. Tex Peterson First to Itelorn. Lieut Peterson, first to cross the Texas SchoolTeachersMustBe Posted On Current Events . , ,, embarrassing when It is understood T T0U.DB man " ma .f'tat theMthors of ssveral of the 1 ambttlouB to become ."" 1 will Iiava to be thor curtly posted io current events if the 1 prospective teacher hopes to pass tne jiBleriai entered the European war as coming examinations scheduled for an enemy of the central powers. . L..k.r Local school men say that the Texas early September. i tfIt on Amle3LO history gen- A textbook in American history jnsx eraj history and geography and per reeeived at the off'ce of the county haps some text books on civics, will . . . . have to b completely rewritten to superintendent brings history rlitht Jfe" of the jnt f pro-German-up to date. The great war Is thor- , fsm oughly discussed In the new text beek. I sSHsfSSS' &ZSjSSBg the Mexican situation, one full chap ter telling or we punitive esimiiuvn and still another to the Veracruz af- Actual adoption of text books lor history and geography will not be made until the fall of 1920. It was an nounced at the office of the county superintendent Some sahool men claim that the text books on general history, both anrient and modern, as well as the text book in descriptive and political geography now in gen eral use in the public schools, have a decidedly pn-German tone. This P ro-Ge rman aspect is made evan more Ran Lightning Down Side Track; Saved Train Pacific Mo, Aug. Dudley CDud) Light, a St. Louis & San Francisco brakeman. is the sponsor for this story: "Dud," during an electrical storm the other day, was standing at a switch. He saw a bolt of lightning strike and start up the main line towards him. There were some cars on the main line. "Dud" threw the switch and sent the lightning up the switch, missing the cars. Paid OOPS FOLLOW Lieut Davis Doubtless Has Changed His Mind Fresno. Calif, Aug. 19. Shortly after being sent to the Texas bor der. Lieut Paul H. Davis wrote to his parents at Strathmore, Calif It became known here today, that his was an "old man's bomb proof Job. and lacked excitement. border from Mexico, today made the following statement: TVe fell about noon Sunday. We thought we were about two miles from Candelaria. We walked all Sunday afternoon and Sunday night until about 2:30 oclock Monday morning, when we came to a Mexican ranch where we found a Mexican who talked English. He told us Pllares was three miles south We asked him to take us there, but he told ns the Mexicans won' kill 3 if we wen. there. So we got him to take us to a road down which we walked about an hour. "We slept about one axd an half hours until 6 oclock Monday morning, when e headed down what we thought was the Rio Grande. We started climbing over the hills, fol- lowins the course of the river Then we walked all day Monday, walking an bonr and resting half an hour. Monday night we walked by moon- net. until lfllfl d m when we went 1 tones and slept until G ai m. Tues- - day. We bought Mexican tortillas at j a little village to eat. Walked Till 9 A. SI. Tuesday. Tnfuutav we walked until 3:e0 a. m-. when we took to th river ana swam Mr five hours down stream, taklns tan minutes' rest four different times. When we came to the rapids we de cided we most land and walk "We laaded, dried our clothes and started over the mountains. -I had a Utile fever. We .aid down on a mountain path and slept until 6 a. m. Wednesday. We saw smoke from a village and headed in that di rection. We thought the vallase was lust around the corner from Can delarla. We reached the village and got lots of food. "Then we hired a Mexican with three burros to take us to Candelarla. We were ready to start when an armed Mexican came up an: addressed Mexican we Dau emiiiwjeu. armed man spoke in Spanish. Then he left hnrriedlv. Uegan Journey On Burros. "We began our Journey on burros with our Mexican guide. We soon were overtaken by six armed bandits and many to -sperple All bat two of the bandits left us. but these two continued following us. After going abont 45 minutes the bandits stopped as and told the Mexican owner oi mo bnrros to return to his home. The Mexican objected, as we were riding ! his burros xne oanaiu men hc,cm To Obtain Licenses Texas school books are .graduates or ! German colleges ana nirau were in syPy w'th the German Laughing, Romping With Gloom In El LITTLE Antonio Leyva has proved! the truth of the old saying. "Iron bars do not a prison make." for An-; tonlo has only smiles for the other! inmates of the county Jail as he romps, In his celL I Antonio is the 7 year old lad. who Is serving a Jail sentence by accident; one might say in fact because there is no other place in the big world for him to stay. The only act of 'which be Is guilty is being the child of parents who got Into trouble. Antonio's papa was shot Monday morning and killed and later in the day his mama was taken to the city JaiL He went along and when his mama was taken to the county jail fter a chance of murder had been after a charge of murder had beeni for Antonio to do, but go along, it was all a big adventure for him and be didn't mind. The boy Jumped, and played around the Jail Tuesday and occasionally begged big mother to play with him. But Jail means something entirely different to the worn and haggard Mrs. Leyva. All night Monday night she tossed on her cell cot sleeplessly. Tuesday ehe only stared red-eyed through the bars at tbe big sunny The Bandits; Let Us BRITISH FLEET SINKS "BED" HIPS Destruction Of 3 Bolshevik Vessels In Gulf Of Fin land Confirmed. KRONSTADT CITY REPORTED AFIRE English Fleet Declared To Be Massing Against Naval Port Of Petrograd. STOCKHOLM, Sweden. Aug. 19. The reinforced British fleet is concentrating against Kron stadt the naval port of Petrograd, a dispatch from Uelstngfors says. The city of Kronstadt, It Is said. Is burning. The Bolshevik submarine depot ship Viatka Is reported to have been sunk Is an engagement off the Tolboukin lighthouse, several miles northwest of Kronstadt Britons Lose 11 Killed. Helslngfors, Finland. Aug. 19. The Bolshevik battleship Andrea ervos- van, the battle cruiser Petropavlovsk, a transport and a guard sh:p are re ported to have been sunk during an engagement with the British fleet In the gulf of Finland on Sunday. The British are said to have lost three motorboats and to have had eight officers and three men killed. Sinkings Confirmed. London, Eng., Aug. 19. The British admiralty confirmed today the sink ing on Monday morning of the Bol shevik battle cruiser Petropavlovsk, the battleship Andrea pervosvan. and a Bolshevik destroyer by British naval forces during an engagement In the gulf of Finland. A Russian cruiser probably was seriously dam aged also, It was announced. us up the valley to a village where they male the Mexican drink. "I gave the one-arm baMdit leader $2 and he arranged for food for us and liquor for himself. The bandits took us on to a ranch where they got a horse and a mule for us to ride. This was about 7 p. m. "Wednesday. We roie until mwnlght Slept In Mountains. "Then we slept to V.JO Thursday morn inc. Resuming our Journey we continued in the mountains all day Thursday ana slept in the mouauans at night. "Friday afternoon about 6:39, the! bandlts stopped the horses and -aid thev wanted to have little chat with ns. The bandits told us to write the messages, saying ransoms must be paid for our release. The bandit leader; spoke English very welL He hadj worked on the railroads In Kansas and had lost an arm and a leg In an accident, he said. We stayed overnight in the mountains Saturday night, when the leader returned from send ing the messages. The bandits foraged for food and we had plenty to eat We camped all day Sun-lay. The leader left Sunday night and returned Monday morning. He said the money for our release would be paid. "We left there at noon Monday and then camped until 9 oclock Monaar night, when we started to meet Capt. Matiack. We met him at approxi mately 1:15 a. m. today. After bring ing me over the border he returned for Lieut. Davis. Aviators Well Trrated. "We were well treated. We had plenty of food. There were three ban dits with us most of the time S did not learn the name of the bandits, but believe we could Identify "hem. "We thought all the 'Ime we were nr Ynl.ntlne "We met Capt. Matiack at a ranch. candelarla. upstream. We were never which Is about z minuses wain irctn blindfolded nor mistreated !n any way, !n any war . 1 f f?p ' ,dM km m; except once when we tried The bandits said they woo If we tried again. -They also tnreaienea jo ku ns n the ransom was unpaid. Lieut. Davis's story differed from that Af T.ient. Peterson only in a few minor details, pient Davis ad led the 1 fact that the Plane fell nf" v taMge over ,tfV-- S,," Si'h-"t'V " T ..' ,:7 MrlT foda-r were released dj Mexican bandits nfter payment of $7500 of the J1S.OOO demanded. Capt. Matlnrk who took the ran dom money aer the border, paid half the ransom money for the release of Lieut. Peterson and whn Went. Tlavls was delivered to him he tralloped away with the (Continued on pn?e 4. column 2.) Child Mingles Joy faso County Jail world that once had been hers to be happy in. The mother, whose full name is Emma Holgein de Leyva. is charged with murder In connection with the killing of her husband. Juan Leyva. In a house on Alamogordo street San day. A complaint charging her with murder was filled In luatice J. M. Deavefs court Monday afternoon. Mrs. Emma Webster, county proba tion officer said Tuesday that the ohild would De turned over to ner and . that a home would be found for him. He will probably be renmved from the county jail this axternoon. Headliners In Today s Theaters "Break the News to Mother. BIJOU "Come Out of the Kitchen. Mar guerite Clark. EI. LAN AY "The Unpardonable Sin. GRECIAN . "The Fall of Barbaryf Coast WIGWAM "Sporting Life." HOT ofoAYUGHT SAYING OVER WILSON'S VETO WASHINGTON, D. C Aug. 19. Repeal of the daylight saving law was passed today over president Wilson's veto by the house on a vote of 223 to 101, seven more than the necesary two-thirds. The repeal now goes to the senate, where its supporters claim victory. Reservations Acceptable If Not Part Of Formal Treaty Ratification, Says Wilson If Included in Actual Ratification, Long Delays Will Follow for Acceptance of Other Nations; Committee Told Task of Returning Country to Normal Depends on Decision on Peace Pact. TITASHINGTON. D. C Aug. 18. In a, i conxerence at tne wnite souse today, unprecedented In American history, president Wilson discussed the peace treaty with the senate for eign relations committee, answered questions put by senators, and gave out a stenographic transcript of the proceedings. Some of the inside details of the peace conference and other his toric happenlnKs were bonded ont verbatim for the world to read. In contrast to the time honored pro cedure of secrecy, presidential and senatorial "confidence." Making a Plea for ratification of the treaty, the president said he saw no reasonable objection to the senate expressing its interpretation of the league of nations covenant, so long as thosn interorefations did not ac tually become part of the act of rati fication. The much discussed article 10. the president told the senators, was not of doubtful Interpretation when read in connection with the whole ore nant The council, he said, could only "advise" and as Its action must be unanimous, the affirmative vote of tbe United States would be necessary for any question affecting ft. Lome Delays tbe Penalty. If interpretations were part of the formal ratification, the president con tended, long delays would follow, as other governments would have to "ac- JM tV:?Vn?e the trSiV" ?te as language of the treaty be fore ratification would be complete.1 Article 15, the president said, pro vided that where there Is a dispute found to be solely within the juris diction of one of the parties, under International law. the league council shall so report and make no recom mendations for Its settlement. Immi gration, traffic and the like, the presi dent said, clearly came under that provision. The president said the United States would have "complete freedom of choice as to the application of force" in carrying out article 10 of the league ovenant, ReplTlnir to senator Fall who incfTfiter that n Germany ttm not .a member of the lea (me of na tions, amendment to the leajrue eorennnt would not he submitted to her, and she would not have Compromise In Sight In U. S. Senate OnPeace Treaty andLeagae of Nations With Mild Reservationists Winners By DAVID LAWRENCE. tttaSHINGTON, D. C Aug. 19. This. W n, ,.,i .t. r th! " week will reveal the fate of tte (peace treaty and league oi nations, so far as tiie united States Is con- the treaty. That Is why the president ....m v.. Kannened before would want the suggested changes re- cerned and, as has happened before duce1 t(j tne Iowest poss,ble numbr in legislative battles, there will he n:... r t..MnA tt Mni k. te t of wMclj each side " substantial will claim and declaim substantial victory. Reasons not altogether on the sur face give basis for the foregoing pre diction. Yet the controllng factors and motives are so obvious that one wonders why the tactics of the oc casion Involve whisper and party councils of the utmost secrecy, but the truth Is Republicans and Democrats have been getting some good advice lately. And from quarters outside of Washington, where tbe Impa tience of the people for action, af firmative or negative, hut action nevertheless, has been miserably felt. Report the treaty; do something; don't give the Impression of inde cision; don't waver; go ahead. This is what the Republicans have been told, and it rather upsets some sena torial plans for a leisurely, long, drawn out debate with the slow death process for the league of nations covenant. Ad rice to Republicans. Above all, tbe Republicans have been advised: "Amend the league covenant. but don't acquire political res pons! - biiity for killing it. "Explain tbe treaty by Interpreta tions, but don't send It back to pro longed conference. "Remember, Germany would like to reopen the treaty." To president Wilson and the Demo cratic party has the word been passed that a straight out victory with the peace treaty and league unchanged from the form in which It was signed at Paris is impossible. "Interpretation nre esnrntlal, Is the wny the situation fans been truthfully represented by pro leajrue senators, "and we must ac cept them.' Of coure. If Mr. Wilson accepts in terpretations in which he himself is really In sympathy, explanatory clauses or provisions, bis influence is such that he can obtain acquiescence by diplomatic note from the othe- powers, but if the European countries Hope U. S. Troops Make The TRAIL INTO MEXI to plve her consent, the president saldt I will admit that that point had not occurred to me. So, she would not. The president Intimated that the league of nations would prevent Ja pan from assuming: any complete sov ereignty over Shantung: President "Wilson said he disagreed with the opinion given the committee by secretary Lansing that Japan would have signed the treaty regard less of whether it contained the Shantung provision. Senator McCumber asked whether other governments could not accept interpretations by "acquiescence.' The president thought there either would have to be "explicit acquies cence" or a stipulated time In which the United States could knew whether acquiescence was being given. Any change In the treaty would have to be resubmitted to Germany, the president said. President "Wilson began his confer ence with the senate foreign relations committee at the white house today with an opening statement on the peace treaty and the league of na tions. He said: "Sir Chairman: I am sincerely glad that the committee should have re sponded in this way to my intimation that I would like to be of tervtca to it. I welcome the opportunity for a frank and fall Interchantre of views. "I hope, too. that tal confer ence will serve to expedite your consideration of the treaty of pence. I beg that yon will pardon and Indulge me If I niraln nrge that practically the whole taslc of hrlnslng the country back to normal conditions of life and In dustry waits npon decisions of the senate with regard to the teims of tbe peace "I venture thus again to urge my advice that the action of the senate with regard to the treaty be taken at the earliest practicable moment be cause the problems with which we are face to face In the readjustment of our national life are of the most pressing and critical character, will require for their proper solution the most Inti mate and disinterested cooperation of all parties and all Interests, and can not be postponed without manifest peril to our people and to all the na tional advantages we hold most dear. May I mention a few of the matters which cannot be handled with intelli gence until the country knows the (Continued on page Z. column 1.) do not see the full TVIlsonlan strencth behind the changes. It Is considered ftlt for domestic reasons some coon- tries may not be anxious to reopen argued, didn't change the substance". .ut specified the limits of American obligation. Tear Shantung Clause. To amend the Shantung clause means prolonged negotiations with Japan and China, In the opinion of many observers, as Japan would no doubt seek to revive her request for a declaration of racial equality and might want to revise her whole status in China. The president Is urging the ac ceptance of the Shantung settle ment as it stands, expecting the league of nations to apply an early corrective or solvent. The Republicans may ndopt a separate resolution disapproving the Shan tung award and Instructing the American representatives nt the next meeting of the league of na tions to work far a change. This, of course, would have a pow erful moral effect and put America on record, though It would not open the treaty negotiations. As for the provision that America must be left free under article 10 to determine through congress when and how the United States shall use its armed lorces, this Is something which the president said informally to Great Britain and France whenever the American constitution was discussed Also, there Is no objection to clauses specifically naming the tariff and Im migration as essentially domestic questions. Mild Heserrattonlsts to Win. Mr Wilson is on record at Paris in favor of safeguarding the Monroe doctrine and his friends give the im pression that he would accept a para graph on that point. So It will be seen that really the program of the socalled "mild reservationists on the Republican side of the senate is like ly to prevail. Today's conference between presi dent Wilson and the senate foreign relations committee will surely bring this out more clearly, provided the interrogation and debate on both sides are carried on in good temper and in a true spirit oX compromise and recon ciliation. copyright, ibis, Tne isi Paso Herald. TEUTONS ATTACK EIGHTH CAVALRYMEN POLISH LIES SI Hostilities Break Out Sud denly On The South eastern Frontier. GERMANSSEIZE . TWO VILLAGES Poles Drive Invaders From Towns; U. S. Officers To Seek End Of Conflict. T7ARSAW. Poland, Aug. 19. (By IT the Associated Press). Hostili ties broke out Monday between the Germans and Poles on the southeast ern Silesian frontier, the Gremans suddenly attacking the Polish lines and occupying two villages. The Polish population rose and drove them out and occupied two villages on the German side of the line of demarca tion. Herbert Hoover, chairman of the allied relief organization, who is vis iting Poland, Immediately ordered American army officers In the area to cooperate In an effort to bring about a cessation of hostilities. City Grocery Will Not Open UntilThursday The municipal store In Liberty hall will not open until 8 oclock. Thursday moraine owing to a delay In the ship ment of army supplies. W. T. Griffith, general sale manager for the store, announced Tuesday. Sir. Griflth ham wired to "Washing ton asking that an allotment of hams, bacon and sugar be sent to the 1 Paso store. Present arrangements do not Include conslsrnments of these supplies. An exceptionally fine line of canned goods, dried fruits, rice and other staples are among the slocks to be sold here. The store was scheduled to open Wednesday morning. Man Has Riqhl To Gel Drunk Own Home Topeka, Kas:. Aug. 19. A man can cet drunk in his own home, thus up holding the traditions that a man's home Is his "castle." This is the rul ing of police Judge Hugh McFarland In a case of alleged drunkenness brought against James Stevens. Stevens was charged with being drunk in a public place. It developed that Stevens, while drunk, only made a fuss when be thought he was being robbed. As the affair was staged In his home, tbe judge held he could not be taken to account. Machine Made Money, But It Was No Good Clinton. IndL. Aug. 19. Just because a "money machine" for which he paid 57(K) was "no good" Eli Salaban. a Rumanian, called upon the police to pursue two eloquent strangers who hastened away after making the sale. The "machine," which resembled a telegraph apparatus, could turn out a sheet of paper resembling currency, the police said. Saloons Will Employ Barmaids In Future East St. Louis, 111, Aug. 19. Frank Geary, liquor dealer of this city, pre dicts many former saloonkeeners who have decided to o Derate "soft drink" establishments will replace barten ders with barmaids. He has emploved two girls to dis pense nonalcoholic drinks at his sa loon on Main street. SHOOTS JUSTICE OF PEACE; THREATENED WITH LYNCHING Lincoln. Neb. Aug. 19. After wounding and overpowering two armed deputy sheriffs. In a tight in which he. too. was shot, O. W Lang ley, a farmer of Cortland, staggered Into a general store at that plae late last night and shot justice of the peace Chris Pfelffer through the heart. Langley was saved from lynch ing only through pleadings of conser vative citizens. Langley was recently arrested by state agents with IS. gallons of home made whisky In his possession. He was taken to the Beat rice Jail for safe keeping. CINCINNATI 1, BROOKLYN 0. Brooklyn. N. Y Aug. 19. Cincin nati won Tuesday's game. 1 to 0. Batteries: King and 'Wingo: King and Krueger. CniCAGO 4. NEW YORK 3. New York. Aug. The Chtcaso Nationals won the first game Tues day. 4 to Z. Batteries: Alexander and Kllllftr: Douglas. Winters. Du buc and Snyder. Help! Claims Calf ish Milked His Cows Butler. Mo. Aug. tS John Whitman, a well known farmer re siding along the banks of the Ma rias des Cygnes river, near here has a famous herd of some iO cows, which heretofore have been won derful milk producers. Recently he noticed a decrease In tbe amount of milk they gave. One hot afternoon Mr. Whitman found the cows wading in tbe river to keep cool. While in the river catfish were milking the cows, thus reducing the amount of milk he received. ! Sll PUR RSUING BANDITS ON C'Y BAKER'S ORDER HOBBY ORDERS TEXAS GUARD TO BE READY FOHEMEHGENGY GALL Bombing Planes Fly Ahead of TT. S. Horsemen, Seeking Jesus Renteria and Other Captors of Aviators, Who Go With Troops as Guides; Adequate Communica tion Line Supports Third Expeditionary Force. Summary Of Developments In Situation On Mexican Border LIETJTS. DAVIS and Eeterson are released on payment of $7500 ransom, to Mexican bandits, Capt. Matiack, who took the ransom money across the border effecting a rose by which both flyers were secured withont pay mbent of the fnll sum demanded. American troops of the Eighth cavalry cross border in pursuit of Jesus Renteria and other bandits responsible for seizure of airmen. Secretary Baker announces punitive expedition was authorized by war department. Crossing is described as expedition on "a hot trail," not con stituting act of war. Gov. Hobby orders Texas national guard made ready for emergency call for border service, if necessary. Gen. Dickman, southern department commander, personally goes to bor der for "inspection" trip. Gen. Dickman orders remainder of $13,000 ransom paid, as was agreed to meet bandits' demands. JyJARFA. Texas, Aug. 19. American troops of tne Eighth cavalry, with aviators flying bombing planes acting as scouts ahead of the columns, swept across the Mexican border early today as a punitive expedition in pursuit of the bandit band under Jesus Renteria, who held the American army aviators Peterson and Davis prisoners in Mexico, it was announced at military headquarters here today. Ttood. Well FuDooretd. ' ' The troops are supported by an ade- quato communication llnei pack trains. carrying the field wireless for use when ont of touch with the aviators, who are scouting the entire Oftnaga district for the bandits. Lieuts. Davis and Peterson, mounted on borsebaek, irere with the cavalrymen, aetins as frnldes. It was planned Davis and Peter son would take the troops to the place where the aviators were made prisoners Wednesday. Although Davis and Peterson were tired from their eight day vigiL they ate an early breakfast and reported to col iana;mme here and left with the first column of troops. CoL Langhorne sent a messas-e to Gen. Antonio Pruneda, commander of tne ujinaga forces, through the Mex ican consul at Presidio. Texas, noti fying Pruneda of the mmitlve erae- dltlon. so the Mexican general would notify his troops in the field to pre vent a possioie cxasn witn (jarranza troops by American cavalry. nnr ucpanmrni uraer. Washington. D. C. Aug. 1. The American punitive expedition Into Mexico after the bandits who held the two American aviators, is being con ducted with the full knowledge of au thorities in Washington, who have been withholding announcement or the government's purpose until the two Americans were safe. Secretary Baker, on reading; the Associated Press dispatches from Marfa, announced that tbe Amer ean troops went over on specific Instructions from the war depart ment, bat withheld further offi cial announcement until he has received official word from the border. It is the second expedition of Its kind since the Pershing expedition in pursuit of Villa. The other was the expedition into Juarez at the time of the recent fighting. In its diplomatic aspect It Is an ex pedition on "a hot trail. " It does not take, on the character of an act of war. as Its sole purpose is punish or exterminate toe oanatts who held the two American army officers for ran som. May Call Texas Guard. Austin, Tex Aug. 19. Gov. W. P. Hobby today instructed the adjutant general's department to have the Texas national guard ready to respond to an emergency call for service on the border. The governor said that he will not send the guard to the border unless necessary to do so to protect the lives and property of Texas citizens. He does not expect the emergency to arise. The Texas national guards Is com posed of two brigades of cavalry and one of Infantry and totals 11.15? men and HI officers. All are fully equipped, with a machine gun com pany to each f the nine regiments. The war department has given notice that mounts are available for cavalry. They are also 11 men and officers" force who will act as scouts for the federal guards in case they are need ed, said CoL Cope, assistant adjutant general. A majority of the men have spent years on the border and In Mexico. Dickman Goes To Border. San Antonio. Te.. Aug. 19. Mai. Gen. Joseph T. Dickman. commanding the southern department, left today for the Mexican border, "on a tour of inspection to Eagle Pass. Del Rio and Port Clark." military headquarters here announced. Various Rumors Scatter Over Streets When News Of Aviators Received "Hello, hello. Herald 7" "Yes." "Say, I understand the United States has declared war and that the Del Norte Is the dead line." said the excited man's voice. "Is it true. Have we?" A little dissertation on the Mexican Bandits Pay In Full Prohibition In Omaha Hits The Railroads Omaha. Neh. Aug. 19. Along with fewer broken heads, fewer Jags, fewer "lost" suitcases and other things that accompany a "good time" in the big city. Omaha has sold fewer railroad tickets to Kansas City and St. Joseph. "Where we formerly sold a hun dred tickets to Kansas City and St. Joe." said Joe Milk, station master here, "we now sell maybe 25 or 3.- Wartirae prohibition is the cause, he said. situation followed. Several similar explanations were necessary dnrins the day when persons excited over the return of the aviators and other big news wanted to verify some re pcrt . When small boys distributed hand bills on the streets Tuesday bearing the words "Warning! Don't Pass the Del Norte" downtown considerable speculation was caused, as to the meaning of the words. Chief of police J. R Montgomery said that he had receiver several com plaints from a local hotel whose man agement stated they knew nothing about the bills, and he ordered them taken off the streets. Chief Mont gomery said that he understoo.1 the bills were an advertising medium for an oil company. J. A. Martinson, who works for an oil company, was arrested shortly af ter noon Tuesday on a charge of dis tributing handbills in a restricted dis trict Martinson made a S2S cash bond. He was arreted by Ed Mebus. He is IS years old. American Engineers Killed By Mexicans On Tram At Salina Cruz San Francisco. Calif, Aug. 19. Ar announcement that her husband, who, she said, was a Mexican mining engi neer, and several other engineers, were killed bv Mexican bandits on 'a train near Salina Cruz, was made . here today by a woman giving the name of Mrs. Adele S. De Niemeyer. following her arrival on the steamer Newport. The woman and children in the party were ordered to one end of the train and the men to the other. Mrs. De Niemevr said. After the women had been "iped of their money and jewels, the bandits killed the men, she said. Mrs. De Nlemeyer said she was an American and her husband a De Niemeyer's story was con firmed by the agent of the Pacific Mail Steamship company at Salina Cruz, according- to Capt. C. J. Hol land, the master of the Newport Capt. Holland did not know how many men were supposed to have been killed or the date of the attack. According to Mrs. De Nlemeyer. she was obliged to accept funds from the American consul at Salina Cruz, in order to make the Journey home. Cowboys Cant Enter Contest For Villa American soldiers of fortune, cow boys and detectives will not be al lowed to enter the contest for the taking: of Pancho Villa either dead" or alive in competition for the f 0.000 pesos recently offered for the cap tar of the bandit leader by Andres Ortiz, governor of Chihuahua. Tbe Mexican officials say that the entry of Americans into the contest for the capture of Villa would ot'end the dig nity of the Mexican republic and might also result in complications be tween the governments of the United States and of Mexico.