OCR Interpretation

El Paso herald. (El Paso, Tex.) 1901-1931, September 04, 1919, HOME EDITION, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of North Texas; Denton, TX

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88084272/1919-09-04/ed-1/seq-1/

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EI Paso and west Texas, probably tlir w ta
Panhandle; New Mexico, fair, except tt0"e
north and east; Arizona, fair.
JgfTiian bank notes, state bills, 630c; pesos, eld,
84c, sew, 45c; Mexican gold, 50c; naaonales, 25c;
bar silver, H. & H. quotation, $1.13J4; copper,
i 24c: grains, lower; livestock, irregular; stocks, irregnlar.
Machine Was at No Time Over Mexican Territory, War
Department Is Informed by Maj. Gen. Dickman, South
ern Department Commander; Presence of Planes,
Believed American, Over Chihuahua, Resented.
X T T VSHTNGTON. D. C Sept. 4. Re
v f gret over the f Irlnsr at an
tT erl&jj army airplane on the
Srrder Tuesday baa been expressed
y tte Mexican government. It was
announced today at tbe state depart
ed Assurances "were given that
n immediate lnveotfffatlon wonid
le made with a view to a satlsfac
' orv adjustment.
The American army airplane
fired upon by Mexicans Tuesday,
was at no time over Mexican
territory tie irar department
was Informed today by Maj. Gen.
Dickman. commanding the Sonth
crn department.
Mexican officials claim the machine j
bad crossed the international boun-1
Yaguis Kill American Truck
Driver, 4 Mexican Soldiers
NOGALKS, Arlx Sept. 4 A. P.
XlennessT. an American track
driver, formerly employed In the
Immigration service at Xo pules,
and four Mexican federal soldiers
acting a escort to a track oper
ated by the San Xavler Mining
company, were killed by Yaquls,
Tuesday, acr-coi-dlns; to information
received fcr forwarding agent of
the Lanchltn Mia lag 'company
bere today.
Committee On
Mexico Will
VistiEl Paso
Board Headed by Senator
Fall to Have Headquar
ters at San Antonio.
Washington, D. C Sept. 4. The
Fall senatorial committee Investigat
ing the Mexican situation has notified
Capt. 'William Hanson, chief of the
Texas rangers, of his appointment as
an investigator for the committee.
Capt. Hanson will soon arrive here.
Soon after the peace treaty is re
ported to the senate by the foreign
relat.ons committee the Fall commit
tee will proceed to the border. The
onirm:ttee will go first to El Paso,
tben to Los Angeles, return to El
Paw, and from El Paso go to Marfa.
and OolcmbuF. New Mexico. From
there it will go to San Antonio.
principally for the investigation. Wit.
nesses will be heard at eacn city.
Chief of Bandits Who
Killed Schaeffer Slain;
Corrcll's Slayers Named
Washington, D. C Sept. 4. Albina
Gal I an. chief of the bandits who held
up and killed Adam Schaeffer, Ameri
can citizen, has been killed by mem
bers of the Home Defence league of
Pir.os, who pursued the outlaws, the
Mexican embassy has reported.
Schaeffer and his driver were killed
while traveling is a carriage near
Pmos with 5000 pesos, which were
stolen by the bandits.
Outlaws responsible for the murder
of John W. CorrelL an American citi
zen have been arrested and will be
placed on trial at Tamplco. the Mex
ican embassy announced. The ar
rests were made near Los Mesquitea
and included Ramon Diaz, chieftain,
and his followers. Rafael Ruiz. Fran
cisco Gam boa. Bias Vidal and Fran
cisco Valverde.
Tries To Solve Servant
Matter by Stealing Cook
Dallas, Texas. Sept. 4. The de
mand for cooks, or rather, the de
mands the cooks make upon those
who are financially able to employ
one. has developed a new species
of crime In this city. Stealing
cooks is the very latest method
adopted in Dallas for solving the
servant problem. Elsie Smith was
the first one to attempt to steal a
cook He was unsucessto and as
a result is charged with another
One night recently, so the cook
says. Smith crept up to the back
porch, ma te his way into the
Mtchen. pointed a pistol a her and
told her to come with him. where
she would do cooking In future
She screamed and the family ran
into the kltci.n antitb went
away without tin. ook anu t be fol
lowing day was charged with
carrying a pistol The cook in
question Is a nefrress and the lsdy
employing her aa s she Is the best
ccok In the neighborhood.
t Trail Down
dary line before the Mexicans opened
fire, wounding Capt. D. W. McKabb.
rianra Seen Over Chlbuabpa.
Chihuahua City, Meac. Sept. A. Two
airplanes, bearing the numbers E-344
and B-31S, said to be American ma
chines,, flew over Chihuahua City
Tuesday and disappeared toward the
northeast. The second appearance of
airplanes believed American wltbln a
week resulted in a general popular
No airplanes from the Fort Bliss
flying field or from Boyce field. Marfa,
have flown to or near Chihuahua
City, it was announced bere Thursday
reports received from Chihuahua City
rceentlv told of airnlanes bavin? been
seen on two different occasions with
American marKtnga It was said here
that If anv American airnlanes were
seen in Chihuahua City, they probably
came from Lareo, Texas, or some other
lower Rio Grane point.
Mexican officials here and In Juarez
were making an effort Thursday to
get additional details by telegraph of
the fight between Francisco Wla's
forces and Gen. Cesario Castro's fed
eral column six miles from Durango
uity. Imuran go, sept. z.
According to Mexican govern rnrnt
reports 10-a VJ.Ua rebels were killedj
eleven federals Killed and 17 wounded.
Mexico Ships
Jap Opium To
U. S. As Cigars
Kobe Exporters Send Drug
to Mexico and Germans
Do the Smuggling.
Mexico City, Sept. 4. A shipment
of crude opium consigned as Japan
ese "cigars" was Imported Into Mex
ico through Salina Cm on March
SO, 1917. from Kobe. Japan, "accord
ing to declarations made by W. E.
Herrmann, described by the papers
here as a "German banker. in a de
position made In court, following a
vigorous antl opium campaign by the
Except for a raid by police and
health officials and the legal inquiry
In which Herrmann figured, the
opium expose has not been pressed
In ha ..-- 1.1 1. I
size oi me snipment imported in 1917,
the newspapers declare it totalled
S.Oee kilograms and that, at pres
ent prices, was valued at J.SW.OOO
pesos. Jn the raid crude opium val
ued at 2S.0O0 pesos was seized it is
said and thousands of tiny emty tins,
supposedly used for retailing the pre
pared drug, were found.
According to the newspapers, the
profits of the opium trade, on the
one shipment referred to, ran into
millions of pesos. It is said that an
involved system or smuggling re-
m ftJ tS ? it e nntlc elng power to adjust these matters, which
fil i5 U,9.D1"lted. States. It was has the time to consider and the op
HTf Pi JS ?f.rs' sen.t Ser l ! Portunlty to know the facta A trl
'n a",moD"es .equipped with , bun,i of this kind must also have
i6?"",6 Ktaaka an.d carried the authority and opportunity to con
fJnL,seRs.e & a Da,Bd: aider the rights of shippers and
of Germans according to the revela- travelers who In the last analyils
lions nere. wm bear any increased burden that
Since the Mexican law does not I falls on the carriage of property or
JStlitl.nS ,l ?.12Ia-K 'he: Persons over the transportation lines,
federal department of health being , what Board Must Determine,
concerned only in its sale, the drug -if you want a final and Just solu
f co"fin,ed their operations toition of such a controversy, you are
iffAJ.b5. devloo methods in the j practically driven to leaving the de
United States. Branches of the or-jdslon to a governmental commission
gantution are said to have operated that has full and ample opportunity
at Nuevo Laredo. Mex., New York to investigate the rates of wage, the
anrh,St ?2aC . i ,k leara'ng Power of the transportation
mo papers pnmea cnarges
ami uiuncs 01 personages as mougn
libel laws did not exist
New memberships are pouring Into
the border headquarters office of the
National Association tor the Protec
tion of American Rights In Uexioc
Recent border raids have stimulated
the interest of persons with Invest'
ments in Mexico and along the border
iu cuuuiuons in wax repumic.
Fifteen new memberships were re-
cetved by 3. N. QuaH. field secretary
Wednesday, and more than IM new
memberships were received by Mr.
Quail at the recent Van Horn reunion.
Ranch owners from the Big Bend
district made Mr. Qaall's tent their.
headquarters at the Van Horn reunion
and scores of them signed up and left
S2f,Ki Bfi'Si' ,nee'Pwt
Ihfm?Jt.5S Irtiif 2i.i?
HSJ2iS f S?2
! J?f tS
whom the Purposes of the association
were explained, gladly signed his
name. Many were the stories men
(Continued on page 4, column 2.)
10(1 linn ACK ZMBolsheviki Execute 1000 In
Trf nipt iiri n
Maintenance of Way and
Shop Laborers Adhere
to Wilsons Decision.
Not Seeding General Raise
While U.S. Strives to Re
store Normal Conditions.
I rASHlNGTON, D. C, Sept. -
YV Representatives of the 600,000
members of the United Brotherhood
of Maintenance of Way and Railroad
Shop Laborers asked the - railroad
wage board today to adjust their
wages in accordance with the prin
ciple laid down by president Wilson
In approving adjustments last week
for the railroad shopmen.
Would Correct Inequalities.
The board was told that the men
adhered to the president's decision
that there should be no Increases of
wages while government agencies
were actively seeking to return eco
nomic conditions to normal, but that
they felt the Inequalities in pay
existing as between the employes of
different railroad systems should be
The maintenance of way men
and shop laborers, the spokes
men said, received the lowest
rates of pay of any class of em
ployes in the railroad aertlce.
Decision to ask for an adjustment
of their wages at this time was
reached by the men recently through
a secret ballot. It was announced
that the question of a general wage
increase would be considered at the
annual convention of the brother
hood at Detroit September S.
33.000 Favor Walkout.
Detroit. Micb Sept 4. The strike
referendum of the United Brother
hood of Maintenance of Way Em
ployes and Shop Laborers, completed
Wednesday, shows that 32t,00 mem
bers favor a walkout unless tbair
demands for a wage Increase of ap
proximately Jl a day per man are
gran ica. orotneroooa omciais an
nounced today.
Underwood' Proposes Ui S. Board
Empowered To Fix Both Railway
Wages And Transportation Rates
T 1 WASHINGTON, D. C, Sept 4. Es-
II tabllshment of a governmental
commission or board with powers to
fix both railroad wage scales and
transportation rates was advocated
in the senate today by senator Un
derwood, of Alabama, a Democratic
member of the Interstate -commerc
Without disclosing whether he
favored the interstate commerce
commission as the proposed tribunal
Lor discussing the Cummins bill plan
to prohibit strikes and lockouts of
employes, senator Underwood said
the Interests of the public, ot capi
tal and of railroad employes require
such a plan.
"Men will not strike." said the
Alabama senator, "against the
Jut decisions of the government.
After a fair determination of the
controversy by na Impartial tri
bunal, public sentiment will force
the contending parties to accept
the verdict rendered as final. It
must be done In the Interest of
the men Involved, the Industry
of the people nnd the peace of
the nation."
The tribunal he proposed, senator
Underwood continued, "must have
the authority and power to protect
the rights of the whole neonle
against tne recurrence or strikes and
"There Is but one war out in my
Judgment" he continued, "and that
companies, me cost
of Urine:, the
burden that rests
on the shlDnlnr
public and to determine: First.
wnai is a tair, just ana rmng wage
for the men; second, how far this
charge can be placed on the capital
of the corporation without breaking
it down; third, how far an Increased
charge for labor. Interest or supplies
can be handed down to the public
without doing Injustice to the ship
per and traveler and without becom
ing a menace to the development it
-it is essential that the board or
commission that is given the power
10 adjust me wage scale OX the men
roust also have the power to reflect
Its findings in the rates charged for
the transportation of persons and
property, over the railroads."
evDnrv Tn DC rcTioiiru
pari. rr, i P,.n.i,
25. - taternTtrionnS
tia,n representatives of the British.
" Belgian and central European
railways have been In conference In
ParIs for the three weeks wlth
ohJtct ot egtabllshlng a new ser-
j,., at international trains. Subject
to confirmation at a final meeting of
At Laredo Is
I SouthRussian
Heads Crushed With Blows
- London, Eng, Sept 4. More than
1000 persons were executed by tho
Bolshevlkl before they evacuated the
city of Tekaterlnoslav, In southern
Russia, according to a dispatch re
ceived here from that city, giving a
physician's account of the massacre".
The physician was present at the
opening of the pits Into which the
bodies ot these victims had been
thrown after their execution.
This physician, a Dr. Robin, declares
the victims' heads had been crushed
with hammers and their bodies badly
mutilated. Many of them, he says,
were found with broken lairs and ribs.
caused by blows with sledge ham
mers. The physician tells of the case of
one officer who missed being struck
by the filing squad's bullets, and.
simulating death, escaped the Bol
shevlkl who came along bayoneting
the wounded.
The Bolsbevlk organizations in the
Theologifcal Student Makes
Attack on Official at
London, Eng, Sept 4. A bomb
was thrown at Hussein Rusbdl Pasha,
premier of Egypt at Alexandria.
Tuesday, according to an Alexandria
dispatch received here. The bomb was
concealed in a basket of grapes, but
did not injure the premier. His as
sailant was a theological student
Austin. Texas. Sent. A. The cotton
price fixing committee of the Texas
Farmers institute, wmcn met nre
Wednesday with cotton buyers and
exporters, refused to fix a minimum
price for cotton.
Tbe committee reached the conclu
sion, however, that 44 cents is the
actual cost per pound of the crop to
tbe Textis farmer Thin eonclnsion
was reached after eliminating every
item capable or elimination and snav
lng others to a minimum.
all the delegates. It has been decided
y?!?-- e5.,.e RTTf Z-Z13- "L";
rlages between Paris and Bucharest
and between Paris and Belgrade. A
portion will go on to Athens.
In connection with this express,
there wH be a train from Ojtend to
Milan and vice versa, via Brussels.
Another international express Is to
run between Parts. Prague and war-
.Chicago, HL. Sept 4. Chicago pos
tal clerks today sent word to K. J.
Ryan, national President of the Ter
minal Railway Clerks' association at
Washington, that unless they were
granted a 3500 bonus for this year,
wholesale "resignation" would become
effective October 1.
It was said the walkouts would not
be confined to Chicago, but would In
terrupt service tn the entire sixth di
vision of tbe association, comprising
Illinois and Iowa.
Wlnslow. Arte. Sept. 1. Five hun
dred Santa Fa shopmen, including
machinists, boilermakers. sheet metal
workers, electricians, blacksmiths and
car department employes, have voted
almost unanimously to accept presi
dent Wilson's offer of a wage Increase
of four cents an hour and not to
strike at this time.
President Wilson's Action
xruce in me jjiausmai wona ana irrevent BtriKes,
Pending Action of the White House Gathering,
Called for Exchange of Views From All Classes.
President Wilson has left Wash
ington with the two most important
problems of his whole administration
an settled, the domestic labor crisis
and the proposed entrance of the
United States In a partnership of na
tions to preserve world peace.
During1 his absence tbe senate will
debate bat probably not vote finally
on the pace treaty and league of;
Also the country will be prepared j
for the most rltal straggle since the ;
civil war, a peaceful solution of the
acute difficulties in American In
dustry. Tbe president has called a confer- ,
ence not between capital and labor,
but "Between labor and those who di
rect labor."
Two Issue Interwoven,
To him the world peace situation :
and tbe domestic u wrest are Inter
woven, lie believes tne senate failure
to ratify the treaty has added to the j
uncertainty of Indus-trial conditions. .
He pronoses to tell the country why
he thinks so.
Meanwhile, the president be
s u 'w '-a
City; Victims '
Polish Women Go Bare
Legged of Necessity
Warsaw. Poland, Sept 4. (Cor
respondence . of the Associated
Press.) Bare legs are the custom
throughout these regions. Prob
ably not one in five of the poor
own stockings and many not even
shoes except the wood soled san
dals strapped on bare feet Adult
women, bare legged and bare foot
ed, are to be seen everywhere, not
only In the country, but In the
streets of Warsaw and the other
large cities.
city had been headed by a workman
named Vallavka and various Chinese,
the report adds, and the principal
posts of the soviet administration un
der them were in the hands of young
men and women. Wholesale pillaging
Is declared to have occurred in the
town before Its evacuation.
Two More Days Given for
Treaty Reply; Allies
Benevolent, Says Renner.
Paris. France, Sept 4. The su
preme council of the peace confer
ence has decided to grant the re
quest of the Austrian peace delega
tion for two days' delay In the time
for presenting the Austrian answer
to the terms ot peace.
Before leaving for Vienna Tues
day night after receiving the final
draft of the Austrian peace treaty.
Dr. Karl Renner. head of the Aus
trian delegation, said in an inter
view published yesterday that the
communications made to the Aus
trian! by the peace conference
showed that the allies understood
perfectly well the economic situation
of Austria and had adopted a benev
olent attitude In this connection. He
thought however, that Austria in her
reply should again protest against
the rigor of the territorial clauses in
tne treaty.
Paris, France, Sept 4. Servla seems
likely to adopt the same attitude as
Rumania toward the Austrian peace
treaty, says Petit Parlslen today. Ac
cording to information from a most
authoritative source, the newspaper
says, the Belgrade government feels
it cannot accept the treaty unless
there Is modification of certain clauses
concerning the protection of racial
minorities which Servla considers as
Infringing upon her sovereign.
Pails. France. Sept. 4. Paul Mistral
minority Socialist, during the debate
in tne cnamoer or aepuxies tnis alter
noon on ratification of the peace
treaty with Germany, declared that he
and his party of about 35 members
wouia vote against ratification of tbe
Chicago, ni. Sept 4. Despite the
plea of rose Pastor Stokes, the Com
munist party put Into its platform
late last night a provision that so one
receiving money from 'rent. Interest
or "profit" tan belong. Not only
Mrs. Stokes, hut William Bross Lord,
who signed the appeal bonds which re
leased a number of convicted L W. W.
members from the Leavenworth peni
tentiary recently. Is barred rrom fel
lowship. The Communist party mem
bers also decided that doctors, law
yers and editors can have no part in
the "coming revolution."
The Communist Labor nartv alsn
adopted a program. It plans propa
ganda for a "new repuollc" based on
that of Kussla. with the shop and fac
tory as the all-Important unit
Expected to Bring About
1 teres his action In colIIn a do
mestic labor conference will have
n Military- effect thnt It ttIII
bring; about a trace, that It will
prevent all strikes while tbe cap
tains of Industry and tbe leader
of labor endeavor to work oat a
proKrnm of Industrial reconstruc
tion Between 40 and AS delegates will
gather at tbe white house about Oc
tober 5 and discuss industrial condi
tions, wages, cost of living, strikes
and the general idea of bringing
about an equlllbrum between the two
contending classes the employers
and the employes.
Dangerous Symptoms 5 h otto.
The truth Is that America has In
recent weeks shown dangerous symp
toms. Social unrest has been grow
ing. Radical labor leaders have been
getting possession of the reins of au
thority in. various sections of the
country where conservative labor
leaders hitherto governed. The de
mands under these new leaders have
often been wholly out of proportion to
other parts of the country and other
Industries. No general principle or
uniformity of action has been pos
sible. Samuel Gompers. for example, con
trols one section of America's labor-
Con tinned on Pace Column 0)
Ing Cold
Oar t
Ratification Resolution, In
cluding Reservations, May
Be Adopted Today.
Republicans Plan to Order
Pact Reported to Sen
ate Immediately.
Flnal action on the peace treaty!
by the senate foreign relations com
mittee late today was planned by
Republican leaders. It was proposed
that a resolution of artlflcation. in
cluding reservations, be adopted and
the treaty be ordered reported to the
To Consider Fall Amendment.
After hearing Jugo-Slav representa
tives, the committee planned to meet
in executive session late in the day
to consider the last amendment by
the committee, that of senator Fait
Republican, New Mexico, proposing
elimination of the international labor
provisions. Reservations also may be
taken up at that time.
Further progress toward an agree
ment on reservations between all Re
publican factions were reported to
day by party leaders, whose aim is
to report the treaty to the senate
this week, if possible.
Restitution Of
Year Forecast
Japan May Open Negotia
tions With China With
in Very Few Weeks.
New York. Sept 4. Restitution of!
JaDaPnrowe, ' " "'l
Japan within a year was predicted
here by Yosuke- Matsueka,' secretary
in tne foreign department of Japan.
. , . 'j
jiaisuoKa is on his
way to Japan.
I should not be surllrised" h ualA
It our government opened within a
very few months, or even weeks,
negotiations with the Chinese govern
ment with a view of settling the
Shantung question in a way satis
factory to all concerned.
"To those ot us who have partici
pated In the peace conference, there
is not the shadow of doubt that Japan
will withdraw from Shantung at the
earliest possible moment The peace
treaty requires, Germany to hand
over to Japan all the documents
relative to Shantung within three!
months after the treaty cornea Into I
force. When this is done. Japan, will
immediately take steps toward the!
restitution which Japan bad pledged '
herself to make in favor of China.
Terms of estltntlon.
"Tba terms on which Japan will
restitute Shantung are now fairly!
known. Briefly, tho main points of
tneae terms are:
"First Japan to restore Klao
Chow, the German leased territory,
to China.
Second In returning Klao Chow to
China. Japan, in the interest of all
nations, asks only one thing, namely,
that tbe territory be open to inter
national trade. It la only as a natural
corollary of this proposed measure j
tlement in the cltv of Tslnc Tao. In
the Chinese-Japanese agreement of
May 25, ISIS, a Japanese settlement
was to have been established In ad
dition to an International one. but
Viscount Chlda. our foreign minister.
declared on August 6. that Japan
would waive tne nsht to estaoltsn a
Japanese settlement.
To Withdraw Troops.
Third Japan will withdraw all
her troons not only from the railway
zone, but from Tslntr Tao. After the
restitution of Kiao Chow not a single
Japanese soldier will be left on the
soil of Shantung-.
Fourtn The fan an tune railway ot
2700 miles will be operated not by
Japanese, but by a Chlno-Japaneee
loint co rro ration. In which both China
and Japanese capital will be repre
sented. China will participate In the
management of this railroad.
"Fifth Joan will withdraw her
police forces from alone the railway
ponce lorces iroui aiong tne raunji
nTuS:siVt X.-ies
Blames Clemenceau for
France's Failure to Gel
Guarantees in Treaty
Paris. France. Sent. . Debate In
the chamber on tbe ratification of
tbe treat, of peace with Germany was
marked by personal attaeks yester.
day, when deputy Franklin-Bouillon
declared that be would vote against
the treaty and held premier Clemen
ceau personally responsible for the
failure of France to obtain better
guarantees In the treaty.
"It waa a ffrave error." said M.
Franklin-Boultton. "to accept presi
dent Wilson's '14 points unreservedly
and without disease ion. The British
were careful to take exception to the
"point dealing with the freedom of
the seas, and Great Britain. America
and Japan abtatned entire satisfaction
If all their claims."
Washington. D. C SeDt. 4. Pre
mier Venlzelos. ot Greece, in a letter'
to the American ambassador at
Paris, made public today by the state
department denied resorts published
In America that he had publicly
stated bis loss of confidence In the
league of nations because or tne
American attitude with regard
While Washington Waits
President at Columbus Opens Countrywide Speaking
Tour; Astonished at Statements About Treaty by Men
Who Apparently Don't Understand It; Asks That
Hearers TJse Influence for Pact's Acceptance.
0LU1V1BUS. O., Sept 4. "WLen this treaty is accepted." prident
Wilson said in his speech here today, "the men in khaki will never have
to cross the seas again, and I say when it is accepted because it will be
Saying the league of nations was intended to prevent a recurrence of
wars such as that recently ended, he declared the passions of the world are
not dead; that it is more than ever necessary to unite nations, and unless
there is sureness of combined action before wrong is attempted, wrong will
be attempted again.
Reports to Countrymen.
President Wilson. opening his
country wide speaking tour for the
peace treaty, declared In an address
bere today that his purpose was to
"So oat and report to my fellow
"The only people I owe any re
port." said the president, "are you
and the other citizens of the United
The president Bald It also
weexned "Increaalndy necessary"
tli at lie should make sneh a report
becanse he had . read many
epeechee about the treaty and iraa
tinshle to leather from them
ranch of nh&t the treaty con
Speaking: to a crowd which Jammed
Memorial hall, whose seating: capacity
was estimated at 40000, the presi
dent's declarations frequently were
interrupted by cheers.
The meeting' was presided over
oy vr. w. u. xnotspson. ana tne pres-
was introducer by former Gov.
blTund woVll" "
rs to exert their influence for ac-
""SiCf:? V1. . .
"Don t let men poll It down." he
!Pn' it'
J As the president was leaving the
nan a cniaaman m tne gauery oaiiea
several times: "Mr. Wilson, how about
Tbe president finished his address
at 11:16.
Praising the treaty provision pro
viding for an International labor or
ganization, which will hold its first
meeting is Washington In October,
the president said:
'And let me ten you It will meet
whether the treaty is ratified by them
or not"
Mr Wilson began by saying that he
had "chafed at the confinement of
Washington, and was glad to get out
to make his report to the people,
No ThanjtM To Crash People.'
In the first place, the president
said, the treaty undertook to punish
Germany, but there was no thought to
overwhelmingly crush any great peo-
Restraint had been exercised, he
said, and there was provision for
making tbe repration no greater than
Germany could pay.
Mr. Wilson said he had been "as
tonished" at statements made about
the treaty and was convinced many
of them were made by men who had
not read it or else had failed to com
prehend its meaning.
The league or nations, tne president
declared, was formed In fulfillment
ness of that sort." forever. Not to es-
tabllsb the league. h said, would be
"unfaithful to those who had died.
If we do not do this thing-
he declared nre have neglected
the central covenant we promised
our people. The lenjcne of
nations la the only thine; that can
prevent the recurrence of this
catastrophe,9 Besides this the
president continued, the treaty
tears away the chains of op
pression and jelves small nation
alities the rixht o live their own
That," he said, "was the American
position and I was glad to fight for
Italy, the president continued, had
presented to the conference a oon-
Urges 'Family
l JT rri J JT T T 7
Menace To Marriage Relation In
U. S. Presented
BOSTON. Mass.. Sept 4. The es
tablishment of "family courts" to
meet the menace to the marriage re
lation presented by the dlvorel evil
was recommended by chief Justice
Charles W. Hoffman, of the court of
domestic relations at Cincinnati. (X.
in an address before the American In
stitute of Criminal Law and Criminol
ogy, in session here in connection
with the annual meeting of the Amer
ican liar association.
"There will be more than 400.
OOO divorce cases filed befrre the
court, of the land this year bdl
aomrtblnic i mat be done to save
our family life, the createat clv
lllxlne; force we have. he con
tinned. Tbe family court ahonld
be h extension of the principle
upon which Juvenile conrts are
"It will be possible under this sts-i
tern to oollelate the work of the ju
venile ana aivoree. divisions or tne
court and obtai- reliable scientific
Ellhu Root, former secretary of
state, speaking before the jodletal
-frtinn of the bar association, said he
favored wiping out tbe "business of
iiemiuag u bring about Justice oyi
ras, u. s.
Won't Vote for Him
In 1920, Says Wilson
On Board President Wilson's
SpedaJ Train, Sept 4. When the
president's train stopped for a few
minutes at Dennlson, O-. a number
of Red Cross workers and some
town folk were at the station and
the president camfe out on the
platform of his car. Be greeted
the small crowd and chatted with
the Red Cross workers for a mo
ment An elderly, gray bearded
man got in' conversation with the
president Just before the train
pulled out of Dennlson.
"I wish you luck on your
trip." he said. "It means a great
deal to me. I lost two boys in the
war and have only one left I am
looking to you to prevent future
wars so ho won't have to go."
Another man in tho crowd re
minded the president that Dennl
son had voted against him in t?ie
last presidential election, but
voeM he tor hrm in list.
-Oh. no." replied the president.
tajillMi iq'st i idjfaTjjtggiag hi shoul
ders. "
trary proposal In her request for
Flume; ,
Though there were only scattered
Italian settlements there, be declared.
Italy wanted Fleume for strategic and
military purposes. If there were a
league of nations, he asserted. Italy
would not need that foothold.
"I'd rather have everybody on rr-y
side." he continued, "thar. be armed to
the teeth."
Treaty "Heasnrable Success
Referring to criticism that th
treaty violated American traditions,
Mr. Wilson said that he was prond
that he, too, belonged to the "old
revolutionary school" and that re
was following the purposes of the
vision which the fathers bad seen.
"This treaty is an attempt to r:l.t
the wrongs of Europe." said the pres
ident "aBd in my humble opinion it is
a measurable success."
He used the word "measurable." he
added, because racial lines were rot
always distinct and could not ce
drawn with absolute precision on a
This was why. be said, some of the
boundary lines were left to be decided
later by tne people tnemseives. i.-e
treaty, he declared, was "shot throucrh
with the American principle of t.ie
! choice of the governed.
The treaty alo contains, the
nresldent continued. a mana
chart of tabor which wonlil set
np an International labor organi
zation. This organisation, he said,
would hold its first meetlnc in
Washington in October, whether
the treaty Is ratified by them or
The labor section, Mr. Wilson aa.a,
provided what should have been pro
vided long ago. It fulfilled tbe tare
realization of statesmen, he said, that
there could be no good government
or peace unless the people themselves
were satisfied.
By regulation of labor conditions
the world over and by similar pro
visions like those to regulate iu
oplnm trade and extend the Red Cross
Mr. Wilson said, the treaty "draws
I Continued on page . column X
Courts" To Meet
By Divorce Evil
statute." and that he believed it best
to "leave It to the Judge to do jus
tlee." "A few meager rules embodying tho
fundamental principles are all that la
necessary," he added. "One of the
great troubles with legislation today
is that It does sot permit the Justi-:--to
do JtssUce."
Young and Inexperienced lawyers
in the legislatures were largely re
sponsible for the condition, lie
Headliners In
Today's Theaters
"Hearts of Tooth." Llla Lee.
"Putting It Over." Bryant Wash
"The Peaee of Roaring River,"
Pauline Frederick.
-The Ssestaerd of the Bills.'
"The Belle of tie Season."
Beieay -Wehleru
Tight fer Love," Harry Carey.

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